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List of individual apes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Napoleon and Sally, 1916 film
Napoleon and Sally, 1916 film

This is a list of nonhuman apes of encyclopedic interest. It includes individual apes (chimpanzees, gorillas, bonobos, orangutans, and gibbons) that are in some way famous or notable.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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Transcription

At some point we weren't linguistic creatures at all, right. We separated from the common ancestors between us and chimpanzees about 6 million years ago. Sometime during that 6 million year process we started to be able to imitate ourselves first and then represent ourselves in image and action and then only after that to start to articulate ourselves. So, a lot of the knowledge that we have is grounded in our embodiment but also in the shaping of that embodiment across extraordinarily long periods of time: So, like, there's an implicit way of being in your form, in your embodied form. But, more importantly there's an implicit way of being that's a consequence of the fact that we've existed within hierarchical social structures for far longer than we were even sharing a common, ancestor say with great apes. So that's for maybe hundreds of millions of years with regards to being embedded in a hierarchy. So then the question is something like: If we're embedded in a hierarchy and we have been forever, that's about 350 million years by the way, is there a set of attributes that tends reliably to move you up the hierarchy? Because if there is, you see, being/going up the hierarchy increases the probability of reproductive success. So there's actually nothing more important to determine over the course of 350 million years inside a hierarchy, than how it is that you ratchet yourself up the hierarchy reliably. And you can think about that in some sense as the source of ideals. Well ... here's a kind of a concrete way of thinking about that. You know if you get a hundred men together they're going to, they're going to organize themselves into a hierarchical structure. They have to or they're going to stay chaotic and fight that that's the other alternative. And so but the way that that the people who are going to rise to the top they might rise to the top because of their sheer physical prowess and power. But they also might rise to the top because they're very competent at certain things. And it's as if all the men are going to get together and vote (and maybe that would actually happen) to determine who best embodies the spirit of group and who should be granted leadership? And in an evolutionary context, by the way, that would also help ensure that that person would propagate their genes into the next generation. And, it's not a trivial effect. Especially among men. It's a big effect. Because, roughly speaking, half of all men are are not reproductively successful. So, there's a wicked culling, let's say, among men. Well, you can see this among Chimpanzees as well. They have dominance hierarchies. Some sort of chimps rise to the top. You might think, well, that's the like Caveman chimp who's best at pounding out all the all the rivals. But it turns out that that's not exactly the case. And, Frans de Waal has done a very good job of detailing this with his work on Chimpanzees in particular. And he's found that the power-hungry tyrant sort of chimp can rule for a while, but he tends to have a very unstable kingdom. And the reason for that is is he's not very good at mutually grooming. He's not good at socially connecting with other males. And, he isn't popular among the females and doesn't attend to the young. Essentially. And so what happens is, even if he's like the meanest toughest guy on the block two subordinate chimps team up, they make friends, they groom each other and they have each other's backs. And then one day he's having an off-day because he ate too many fermented bananas the night before. And they just tear them into pieces. And chimps are unbelievably strong and unbelievably brutal. They seem to have absolutely no internal regulation whatsoever of their aggression that all seems to be manifested outside in terms of dominance hierarchy control. And we know that because they go on raiding parties into other chimp territories and when they find chimps that aren't part of their hierarchy they just rip them into pieces. And so, that's a scary thing if you think about our similarity with Chimpanzees. Because we like to think we have internal controls over our aggression, but it's not so bloody obvious, I can tell you that. Anyways, what de Waal found was that it's actually chimps that are more, you might say, humane. Although, "Chimpane"? I don't know what the equivalent is. Let's say humane, that managed to produce hierarchies that are more stable and actually manage to stay alive on top of them for much longer periods of time And he thinks about that is the emergence of an implicit morality. Right? So morality that's acted out. So then you think well there there are different ways of climbing up a hierarchy. There are worse and better ways. The better ways allow you to live longer in a more stable hierarchy. And the evolutionary payoff for that is that you leave more descendants. And so the hierarchy itself becomes a very powerful shaping mechanism that determines how it is that people are going to adapt because it's the primary method of selection. So there's an ethic in there. There's an ethic that emerges from the social interactions, but that's rapidly transformed into a biological selection device. And so we're selected. And that's especially true among human beings because with chimps the females are indiscriminate maters. Which is to say that a female chimp in heat will mate with any male chimp. Now, the dominant males chase the subordinate males away. So, they're still more likely to leave offspring than the subordinates, but it's not because of the females. But human females are different. Human females exert choice and quite brutal choice, you might put it that way. They're very choosy. And it's one of the things that seems to have distinguished us from Chimpanzees. And, what roughly seems to happen is that the male dominance hierarchy elects men to the higher say rungs of the Hierarchy and then the females peel from the top. And so that means, that, what you can say is that human beings are the consequence of intense male dominance competition. It's not necessarily dominance, but it's competition for the upper rungs of the hierarchy mediated by female selection.

Contents

Actors and actresses

Artists

  • Congo (1954–1964)—chimpanzee, abstract impressionist of the late 1950s
  • Koko (1971–2018)—gorilla, widely believed to be able to communicate with humans through sign language
  • Michael (1973–2000)—silverback gorilla, impressionist painter, was taught American sign language with Koko
  • Peter, aka Pierre Brassau, a chimpanzee, was the subject of a famous hoax through which the chimp's paintings were presented as the avant-garde works of unknown French (human) artist "Pierre Brassau".

Science and exploration

Zoo notables

  • Alfred the Gorilla (1928-1940) lived in the Bristol Zoo.
  • Ah Meng (1960–2008) was a female Sumatran orangutan and a tourism icon of Singapore.
  • Bill (1946–2007), a long-lived chimpanzee, resided at Sequoia Park Zoo in Eureka, California for 50 years.[22]
  • Binti Jua, a gorilla, saved a boy in 1996.
  • Bobo (1951–1968), a western lowland gorilla, lived in the Lowman family home in Anacortes, Washington from his infancy until 1953, and then Woodland Park Zoo in Seattle until his death.
  • Bokito (born 1996), a silverback gorilla, escaped from the Blijdorp Zoo on May 18, 2007 and injured a woman.
  • Bushman, a famous gorilla from Chicago's Lincoln Park Zoo, died in 1951. While alive, he brought over 100 million visitors to the zoo; his taxidermic remains can now be seen at Chicago's Field Museum of Natural History.[23]
  • Charles (born 1972), a wild-born silverback western lowland gorilla, resides at the Toronto Zoo and since 1974 has been renowned for his artwork.
  • Charlie the Chimp (1958–2010), a chimpanzee in a South African Zoo, was taught to smoke and was able to walk upright.[24]
  • Colo (1956–2017) was both the first gorilla born in captivity and, living to be 60, the oldest gorilla in captivity. She was born in the Columbus Zoo and lived there her entire life.
  • Fifi, the matriarch of the chimpanzees at Sydney's Taronga Zoo, died on July 19, 2007 at age 60.[25]
  • Gust (1952–1988) was a Congolese gorilla that became an icon of the Antwerp Zoo
  • Guy the Gorilla (1946–1978) was a famous gorilla in London Zoo.
  • Harambe (1999–2016) was a gorilla shot dead by the Cincinnati Zoo after a child fell into his enclosure.[26] This would eventually lead to the deceased ape becoming a popular Internet meme.
  • Jabari, a 300-lb gorilla at the Dallas Zoo, received national attention when, on Mar. 18, 2004, he escaped and attacked four people, including a toddler during a 40-minute rampage inside the jungle exhibit before being shot to death by police. He was the son of Charles the Gorilla.[27]
  • Jambo (1961–1992), a gorilla, cared for a boy who fell into his enclosure.
  • Jenny (1953–2008), a western lowland gorilla, lived at the Dallas Zoo from 1957 until her death, and was the oldest gorilla in captivity at the time of her death.
  • Jumoke (1989–2008)—western lowland gorilla and the granddaughter of Colo
  • Ken Allen (1971–2000)—Bornean orangutan at the San Diego Zoo known for his escape artistry
  • Louie (chimpanzee) (2004–2011) — Louie was retired to the LRZ by his owners after a career in the entertainment industry. He was retired to LRZ with his older brother, Mikey.
  • Massa (1930–1984) — silverback, one of the longest-lived gorilla ever recorded, and second-longest-lived male in captivity, died at age 54
  • Max (1971–2004) — gorilla in the Johannesburg Zoo, famously apprehended a criminal in 1997, getting shot twice in the process
  • Pattycake (1972–2013), first baby gorilla born in New York, mother of 10, later died in captivity at Bronx Zoo
  • Phil, a lowland gorilla in the Saint Louis Zoo. Arrived as a toddler on September 10, 1941 died as a 525 lb. silverback on December 1, 1958.
  • Samson (1949–1981)—for many years the face of the Milwaukee County Zoo, one of the largest silverback gorillas on record, weighing 652 lbs in 1973[28]
  • Santino, a male chimpanzee at Furuvik zoo in Sweden, was notable for having the cognitive skills for forward planning (calmly collecting stones, and later throwing them at visitors).
  • Sebastian—former resident of the animal orphanage near Nairobi National Park, Kenya, famous for smoking and not requiring a cage.[29]
  • Snowflake (1964–2003), the only known albino lowland gorilla in history anywhere.
  • Temara (born 1993), the first zoo-reared female Sumatran orangutan, was released into Bukit Tigapuluh National Park by Perth Zoo in 2006.[30]
  • Timmy (gorilla) (1959-2011), died at 52 as the oldest male gorilla in North America
  • Willie B. (1959–2000), a silverback gorilla kept in isolation for 27 years, became head of a troop and father of five.
  • Yeroen, a chimpanzee at the Arnhem Zoo, was the star of de Waal's Chimpanzee Politics.[31]

Circus use

As "politicians"

Pets

See also

References

  1. ^ Free Bam Bam - Chicago Tribune
  2. ^ Monkey World Ape Rescue Centre
  3. ^ Clara on IMDb
  4. ^ Working with the Daggit of Battlestar Galactica on IMDb
  5. ^ Angela Cartwright - Interview
  6. ^ Return Favor
  7. ^ "Mowgli the Chimpanzee". Center for Great Apes. Archived from the original on 2012-06-11.
  8. ^ Slide, Anthony (1998). The New Historical Dictionary of the American Film Industry. Routledge. p. 106.
  9. ^ Disney Chimpanzee Documentary Movie Review, Jane Goodall | Global Animal
  10. ^ A Salute to Peggy - TCM CLASSIC FILM UNION Blog post
  11. ^ Project X on IMDb
  12. ^ Sam (XVII) (1989–2010) on IMDb
  13. ^ Zippy The Chimp | Ed Sullivan Show
  14. ^ Tango the Orangutan - Center for Great Apes Resident Archived 2012-06-11 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ Pets & Their People: Movie chimps train the stars. - Free Online Library
  16. ^ reviewjournal.com - News - Chips fall wrong way for chimp's poker hopes
  17. ^ "Woman in surgery 7 hours after chimp attack". 2009-02-21. Archived from the original on 2009-02-21.
  18. ^ Phenomena (1985) - Trivia - IMDb
  19. ^ Caswell, J. L.; Mallick, S.; Richter, D. J.; Neubauer, J.; Schirmer, C.; Gnerre, S.; Reich, D. (2008). McVean, Gil, ed. "Analysis of Chimpanzee History Based on Genome Sequence Alignments". PLoS Genetics. 4 (4): e1000057. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1000057. PMC 2278377. PMID 18421364.
  20. ^ a b [1]
  21. ^ [2]
  22. ^ North Coast Journal July 26, 2007 : ON THE COVER : Saga of an Ape
  23. ^ Bushman, Lincoln Park Zoo gorilla died on New Year's Day in 1951 | WBEZ 91.5 Chicago Archived 2013-05-13 at the Wayback Machine.
  24. ^ RealClearScience - RIP: Charlie the Smoking Chimp, 1958-2010
  25. ^ Chimpanzee matriarch dies in Sydney zoo - Los Angeles Times
  26. ^ "Cincinnati Zoo Devastated by Death of... - Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden | Facebook". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 2016-05-30.
  27. ^ Gorilla shot after escape at Dallas Zoo - US news | NBC News
  28. ^ Memories of Samson the Gorilla | Zoological Society of Milwaukee
  29. ^ Standard Digital News - Kenya : Magazines : Nairobi animal orphanage
  30. ^ Temara | Perth Zoo
  31. ^ Apes In The Office: It's A Jungle In There - Chicago Tribune
  32. ^ David, F.; Jamel, A. "Fundação RIOZOO" (in Portuguese). Prefeitura da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro. Retrieved 2013-02-13.
  33. ^ Garnick, Darren. "Hillary Cried Here: An Unconventional Tourist Guide to the N.H. Primary". Tourist Guide to the N.H. Primary. The Atlantic. Retrieved 10 January 2014.
  34. ^ 75 facts about Elvis Presley for his 75th | The Sun |Features
This page was last edited on 18 October 2018, at 19:09
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