To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

List of heads of state of Tanzania

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coat of arms of Tanzania.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Flag of Tanzania.svg
 Tanzania portal

This is a list of the heads of state of Tanzania, from the independence of Tanganyika in 1961 to the present day.

From 1961 to 1962 the head of state under the Tanganyika Independence Act 1961 was the queen of Tanganyika, Elizabeth II, who was also the monarch of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. The monarch was represented in Tanganyika by a governor-general. Tanganyika became a republic under the Constitution of 1962 and the monarch and governor-general were replaced by an executive president. After the Zanzibar Revolution in 1964, the People's Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba united with mainland Tanganyika to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, which was later renamed to the United Republic of Tanzania.

Monarch (1961–1962)

The succession to the throne was the same as the succession to the British throne.

No. Portrait Monarch
Reign Royal House Prime Minister(s)
Reign start Reign end Duration
Queen Elizabeth II 1959 (cropped).jpg
Queen Elizabeth II
9 December 1961 9 December 1962 1 year Windsor Nyerere


The governor-general was the representative of the monarch in Tanganyika and exercised most of the powers of the monarch. The governor-general was appointed for an indefinite term, serving at the pleasure of the Monarch. After the passage of the Statute of Westminster 1931, the governor-general was appointed solely on the advice of the Cabinet of Tanganyika without the involvement of the British government. In the event of a vacancy the chief justice served as Officer Administering the Government.

  Denotes Chief Justice acting as Officer Administering the Government
No. Portrait Governor-General
Term of office Monarch Prime Minister(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
No image.png
Sir Richard Turnbull
9 December 1961 9 December 1962 1 year Elizabeth II Nyerere

President of Tanganyika

Under the 1962 Constitution, the first constitution of the Republic of Tanganyika, the president replaced the Monarch as executive head of state. In the event of a vacancy the speaker of the National Assembly served as acting president.

  Denotes Speaker of the National Assembly acting as President
No. Portrait President
Elected Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
Julius Nyerere cropped.jpg
Julius Nyerere
1962 9 December 1962 29 October 1964 1 year, 325 days Tanganyika African National Union

President of Tanzania

Under the 1964 Constitution, the first constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania, the president replaced the president of Tanganyika and the president of Zanzibar as executive head of state. The president was elected by a yes-or-no confirmation referendum for a five-year term after being nominated by a TANU/CCM electoral college. Following the restoration of multi-party system in 1992, multi-candidate elections were introduced in 1995, with the president elected via First-past-the-post voting[1]. In the event of a vacancy the vice-president serves as acting president.

President John Magufuli takes a monthly salary of 9 million Tanzanian shillings (approximately USD $4,000).[2]

  Denotes Vice-President acting as President
No. Portrait President
Elected Term of office Political party Prime Minister(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
Julius Nyerere cropped.jpg
Julius Nyerere
1 November 1964 5 November 1985 21 years, 4 days Tanganyika African National Union Kawawa
1980 Chama Cha Mapinduzi[a] Kawawa
Ali Hassan Mwinyi 2007-01-23.jpg
Ali Hassan Mwinyi
5 November 1985 23 November 1995 10 years, 18 days Chama Cha Mapinduzi Warioba
Benjamin William Mkapa.jpg
Benjamin Mkapa
23 November 1995 21 December 2005 10 years, 28 days Chama Cha Mapinduzi Msuya
Jakaya Kikwete.jpg
Jakaya Kikwete
21 December 2005 5 November 2015 9 years, 319 days Chama Cha Mapinduzi Sumaye
John Magufuli 2015.png
John Magufuli
2015 5 November 2015 Incumbent 5 years, 17 days Chama Cha Mapinduzi Majaliwa


  1. ^ Founded on 5 February 1977.


Living former heads of state

There are three living former Tanzanian heads of state:

Image Name Term/Reign Office Date of birth
Elizabeth II greets NASA GSFC employees, May 8, 2007 edit.jpg
Elizabeth II 1961–1962 Queen of Tanganyika (1926-04-21) 21 April 1926 (age 94)
Ali Hassan Mwinyi 2007-01-23.jpg
Ali Hassan Mwinyi 1985–1995 President of Tanzania (1925-05-08) 8 May 1925 (age 95)
Jakaya Kikwete.jpg
Jakaya Kikwete 2005–2015 President of Tanzania (1950-10-07) 7 October 1950 (age 70)


  1. ^ Tanzania: Electoral system
  2. ^ Mohamed, Hamza (4 October 2017). "Tanzanian president earns $4,008 a month". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 25 April 2018.

External links

This page was last edited on 2 August 2020, at 18:56
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.