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List of governors of Kansas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Governor of Kansas
Seal of Kansas.svg
Flag of the Governor of Kansas.svg
Standard of the Governor
Incumbent
Laura Kelly

since January 14, 2019
ResidenceCedar Crest
Term lengthFour years, renewable once
Inaugural holderCharles L. Robinson
FormationFebruary 9, 1861
Salary$99,636 (2017)[1]
Websitegovernor.kansas.gov

The Governor of Kansas is the head of the executive branch of Kansas's state government[2] and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.[3] The governor has a duty to enforce state laws,[2] and the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Kansas Legislature,[4] to convene the legislature at any time,[5] and to grant pardons.[6]

The governor has a four-year term, commencing on the second Monday of January after election.[7] The governor originally had a two-year term; this was changed to four years by a constitutional amendment in 1974. The lieutenant governor is elected at the same time as the governor.[7] When the office of governor becomes vacant for any reason, the lieutenant governor becomes governor for the remainder of the term.[8]

Since becoming a state, Kansas has had 47 governors. The state's longest-serving governors were Robert Docking, John W. Carlin, and Bill Graves, each of whom served 8 years and 4 days (Docking served four two-year terms; Carlin and Graves each served two four-year terms). The shortest-serving governor was John McCuish, who served only 11 days after the resignation of Fred Hall.

The current governor is Democrat Laura Kelly, who took office on January 14, 2019.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ Worst 10 Senators in American History
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Transcription

I'm Mr. Beat The United States has 100 senators. Two for every state. and they each serve a term of six years. The Senate collectively makes up half of Congress, the folks who make laws that apply to the whole country. They represent the states, not the people. The year I was born, the average age of a U.S. Senator was 53. Today, while the average age of all Americans is my age, the average age of a Senator is 61. They're getting older, man. This dude here, is Bernie Sanders, a Senator representing Vermont, and polls say he is the most popular Senator in the country. Polls say that this dude Mitch McConnell, a Senator representing Kentucky, is the least popular Senator in the country. Does that mean Bernie is the best Senator in the country and Mitch is the worst? Absolutely not. I think? But anyway, this got me thinking What about all of American history? Who were the best Senators? Who were the worst Senators? Let’s be negative first, shall we? Based on my research, here are the 10 worst Senators in American history. And remember, of course, that this is just my measly opinion. Also, before we get into this list, I didn’t include the senators like Bernie or Mitch who are currently in office or recently got out of office because of our bias to automatically hate politicians currently in office or who recently got out of office. So, let's get right into it. How about a little corruption to start things off? #10 James Simmons Senator from Rhode Island from 1841 to 1847 and again from 1857 to 1862, Simmons got caught getting a contract for two Rhode Island rifle manufacturers in return for $20,000 in promissory notes. So basically, he was bribed to help these two companies make lots of money from the U.S. government, which needed lots of rifles as it turns out since it was fighting the Confederate forces in the Civil War. The reason why Simmons isn’t higher up on this list is because technically there wasn’t a law saying you couldn’t do this, although Congress promptly passed a law saying "you can't do that!" #9 William Blount Yeah that's how you pronounce his name. Senator from Tennessee from 1796 to 1797, Blount was a Founding Father, and the only Senator on this list to actually sign the U.S. Constitution. Originally from North Carolina, Blount was instrumental in opening up lands west of the Appalachians to settlement. He bought up millions of acres out there himself, but his risky land investments caused him to get a lot of debt. Due to this debt, he conspired with Britain to take over the Spanish-controlled Louisiana to try to raise the prices of his land. Well, he didn’t get away with it. When Congress found out in 1797, he became the first Senator kicked out of the Senate and also the first federal official to get impeached. Blount was arrested, but posted bail and went to Tennessee and never came back. He never showed up to trial, and the feds eventually gave up trying to arrest him again. #8 Joseph Burton Aw man, this dude’s from my home state. Senator from Kansas from 1901 to 1906, uh Burton had a little conflict of interest you could say. He was getting paid for defending a company successfully against the United States government while he was Senator. Eventually, he was found guilty of public corruption, which means he was misusing the power he had as Senator for private gain. Burton became the first member of the Senate to actually be convicted of a crime. Now, does that mean other Senators weren’t doing crap like this before this? Of course not, but he was the first one to get caught. #7 John Mitchell Weird coincidence, Mitchell was Senator the same time as Burton. He represented the state of Oregon from 1901 to 1905 and was all about Big Business and against most of the political reforms of the Populists. The biggest reason why he’s on this list is because of his involvement in the Oregon land fraud scandal. Yep, this was more public corruption. Mitchell abused his power, helping a client get patents to fraudulent land claims. After being found guilty, he was sentenced to six months in prison and a $1,000 fine, but he died soon after getting a tooth pulled. True story, bro. #6 Harrison Williams Senator from New Jersey from 1959 to 1982, Williams was a career politician who actually had quite a few accomplishments in his career. Many of the social programs and public urban transit Americans take for granted today is because of him. However, beginning in the 1980s, things went downhill fast for Williams. He was convicted of bribery and conspiracy after the Abscam scandal, (that is hard to say. say that three times) a FBI-led sting operation that also took out several other politicians. He resigned after the Senate was going to kick him out anyway, and was sentenced to 3 years in prison, the first time in more than 80 years that a U.S. Senator had spent time in prison by the way. #5 Bob Packwood Sorry Oregon, here’s another one from your state. He represented it from 1969 to 1995. I’ll try not to be too mean because he is still alive, however, he was mean, man. Packwood was another career politician who did accomplish a lot while in Congress. But that whole freaking time, he was consistently abusing his power by committing sexual misconduct. The Senate Ethics Committee, which recommended his expulsion in 1995, reported that he made at least 18 “separate and unwanted and unwelcome sexual advances between 1969 and 1990.” And he even wrote about it in his diary. Packwood resigned before the Senate could kick him out. And of course, after he resigned he promptly became a lobbyist. #4 Pat McCarran Senator from Nevada from 1933 to 1954, McCarran is known as one of the few Democrats who was against Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal initiatives. Of course he was racist and xenophobic, but he also had anti-Semitic beliefs. Oh, and he was a fan of fascists. He openly admired the Spanish dictator Francisco Franco. He also was in bed with the oil industry. Most infamously, he was a big reason the Second Red Scare happened. He hated communism so much that he didn’t even care if he trampled right over civil liberties, sponsoring the paranoia-based Internal Security Act and establishing the Subversive Activities Control Board to start witch hunts targeting communists. He was so bad, that Nevada representatives recently even called for the removal his statue that’s sitting in the National Statuary Hall Collection. Yep, here’s one you have probably heard of... #3 Joseph McCarthy Senator from Wisconsin from 1947 to 1957, McCarthy became the face of the Second Red Scare of the late 1940s and early 1950s. After three years of not doing much in the Senate, McCarthy all of a sudden became a household name in February 1950 when he claimed he had a list of members of communist spies and members of the Communist Party employed within the State Department. Did he ever reveal that list to the public? No. Did he continue to throw out baseless allegations? Absolutely. He stirred up so much communist hatred and paranoia in the United States that today we name it after him. It’s called McCarthyism. Oh yeah, and don’t forget the Lavender Scare he also stirred up, which was another witch hunt that targeted homosexuals, causing them to lose their government jobs throughout the 1950s. And later he helped turn socialism into a dirty word, too. McCarthy is not known for policy or getting sweeping legislation passed. He’s known today for just causing mass hysteria. Even the Senate had had enough of him so much that they censured him in 1954. “Censured” just means they officially said “you did bad, stop it, we disapprove.” And here’s one you probably HAVEN’T heard of. #2 Theodore Bilbo Senator from Mississippi from 1935 to 1947 and poster boy for white supremacy and segregation in the South. While most Senators throughout American history have been at least somewhat racist, Bilbo was a special kind of racist. First of all, he was a member of the KKK, so there’s that. He didn’t just hate African Americans. He hated communists, Jews, unions, and of course immigrants. As governor of Mississippi, he did nothing as mobs lynched African Americans in the streets. Also as governor, he tried to get a bunch of teachers fired and caused his state to almost go bankrupt. Wait a second, why didn’t this dude make my Worst Governors video? Anyway, his ego was ridiculously big and he always liked to be the center of attention, wearing bright, flashy suits and...no joke...always referring to himself in the third person. And finally, after his re-election to the Senate in 1946, a group of African American World War II vets said they and several other blacks were not allowed to vote in the election. But before the Senate could act on the charges, Bilbo died in his mansion. And #1. It's a tie. and if you saw my Worst Governors video, this one may not be much of a surprise. These are all of the Senators who left the Union to join the Confederacy during the Civil War. All of them declared allegiance to the Confederacy in the name of preserving the institution of slavery. Maybe you CAN call them traitors. Regardless, they should have stuck with the Union. So that’s it. The ten worst senators in American history. I know I left a lot of bad senators off this list. And maybe you disagree with this list. Yeah, yeah, go ahead and tell me how wrong I am. Also, I want to get a list going of (dis)honorable mentions. Get it? (Dis)honorable? And I want to gather those and put them in the description of this video and maybe pin a comment. A special shout out to Ian for suggesting the topic of this video. Ian and his mother are long time Patreon supporters. Thank you so much guys. It means the world. Next week, I have another Patreon-requested video coming. Get excited! Thanks for watching. Now how do I get out of here? How did I even get here? Why is it so warm outside? Is this real?

Contents

History

The office was created in 1861 when Kansas was officially admitted to the United States as the 34th state. Prior to statehood in 1861, the office was preceded by a Presidential appointed Governor of Kansas Territory with similar powers.

Despite being an executive branch official, the Governor also possesses legislative and judicial powers. The Governor's responsibilities include making yearly "State of the State" addresses to the Kansas Legislature, submitting the budget, ensuring that state laws are enforced, and that the peace is preserved.

Gubernatorial term of office and lack of requirements for running

Flag of the Governor prior to 1961. It is unclear when the Governor's flag was first created
Flag of the Governor prior to 1961. It is unclear when the Governor's flag was first created

There is no lifetime limit on the number of times he or she may be elected, but a governor who has been elected to two consecutive terms must be out of office for at least one election cycle before being eligible once again for re-election. Elections occur at the same time as the Congressional midterm elections, and each term begins on the second Monday of January following the election. The lieutenant governor is subject to the same limitations and runs on a combined ticket with the governor.[9] Furthermore, there is neither an age requirement nor a residency requirement to run for the office; as of 2017 three Kansan teenagers were doing so.[10]

If the governor becomes incapacitated, the lieutenant governor assumes the duties of the governor. However, if both offices become vacant, the line of succession is determined by the legislature. Under present law, the President of the Senate would be next in line to assume the governorship, followed by the Speaker of the House.

Residence

Since 1962, the Governor of Kansas has resided in the governor's mansion, known as Cedar Crest. It was designed by the architect firm Wight and Wight. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.

Succession

Governors

Governors of Kansas Territory

Governors of the Territory of Kansas
No. Governor Term in office Appointed by
1
AReeder.jpg
Andrew Horatio Reeder July 7, 1854

August 16, 1855
Franklin Pierce
2
WShannon.jpg
Wilson Shannon September 5, 1855

August 18, 1856
3
Gearysfmayor.jpeg
John W. Geary September 9, 1856

March 20, 1857
4
Hon. Robert J. Walker, Miss - NARA - 528738.jpg
Robert J. Walker May 27, 1857

December 15, 1857
James Buchanan
5
James W Denver by Whitehurst Studio c1856.jpg
James W. Denver December 1857

November 1858
6
SamuelMedary.jpg
Samuel Medary December 1858

December 1860

Governors of Kansas

The eastern bulk of Kansas Territory was admitted to the Union as Kansas on January 29, 1861; the remainder become unorganized territory which would shortly be assigned to Colorado Territory. The Kansas Constitution provided that a governor and lieutenant governor be elected every two years.[11] An amendment in 1972 increased terms to four years,[12], and provided that the governor and lieutenant governor are elected on the same ticket. In the original constitution, should the office of governor be vacant, the powers would devolve upon the lieutenant governor, who nonetheless would remain in that office;[13] an amendment in 1972 changed that so that, in such an event, the lieutenant governor becomes governor, and relies on the legislature to provide for succession after that.[14]

Governors of the State of Kansas
No. Governor Term in office Party Election Lt. Governor[a]
1
CRobinson.jpg
  Charles L. Robinson February 9, 1861

January 12, 1863
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1860   Joseph Pomeroy Root
2
TCarney.jpg
Thomas Carney January 12, 1863

January 9, 1865
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1862 Thomas A. Osborn
3
Samuel J. Crawford.jpg
Samuel J. Crawford January 9, 1865

November 4, 1868
(resigned)[b]
Republican 1864 James McGrew
1866 Nehemiah Green
4
NehemiahGreen.gif
Nehemiah Green November 4, 1868

January 11, 1869
(successor took office)
Republican Succeeded from
Lieutenant
Governor
Vacant
5
James M. Harvey.gif
James M. Harvey January 11, 1869

January 13, 1873
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1868 Charles Vernon Eskridge
1870 Peter Percival Elder
6
ThosAOsborn.gif
Thomas A. Osborn January 13, 1873

January 8, 1877
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1872 Elias S. Stover
1874 Melville J. Salter
7
GeoTAnthony.gif
George T. Anthony January 8, 1877

January 13, 1879
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1876
Lyman U. Humphrey
8
John St John 1880.jpg
John St. John January 13, 1879

January 8, 1883
(lost election)
Republican 1878
1880 David Wesley Finney[c]
9
GWGlick.jpg
George Washington Glick January 8, 1883

January 12, 1885
(lost election)
Democratic 1882
10
John alexander martin.jpeg
John Martin January 12, 1885

January 14, 1889
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1884 Alexander P. Riddle
1886
11
LUHumphrey.jpg
Lyman U. Humphrey January 14, 1889

January 8, 1893
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1888 Andrew Jackson Felt
1890
12
LDLewelling.jpg
Lorenzo D. Lewelling January 8, 1893

January 14, 1895
(lost election)
Populist 1892 Percy Daniels
13
ENMorrill.jpg
Edmund Needham Morrill January 14, 1895

January 11, 1897
(lost election)
Republican 1894 James Armstrong Troutman
14
JWLeedy.gif
John W. Leedy January 11, 1897

January 9, 1899
(lost election)
Populist 1896 Alexander Miller Harvey
15
WEStanley.jpg
William Eugene Stanley January 9, 1899

January 12, 1903
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1898 Harry E. Richter
1900
16
WJBailey.gif
Willis J. Bailey January 12, 1903

January 9, 1905
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1902 David John Hanna
17
EWHoch.gif
Edward W. Hoch January 9, 1905

January 11, 1909
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1904
1906 William James Fitzgerald
18
WRStubbs.gif
Walter R. Stubbs January 11, 1909

January 13, 1913
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1908
1910 Richard Joseph Hopkins
19
Portrait of George H. Hodges.jpg
George H. Hodges January 13, 1913

January 11, 1915
(lost election)
Democratic 1912 Sheffield Ingalls[c]
20
Arthur Capper.png
Arthur Capper January 11, 1915

January 13, 1919
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1914 William Yoast Morgan
1916
21
Henry Justin Allen.jpg
Henry Justin Allen January 13, 1919

January 8, 1923
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1918 Charles Solomon Huffman
1920
22
JonathanMDavis.jpg
Jonathan M. Davis January 8, 1923

January 12, 1925
(lost election)
Democratic 1922 Benjamin S. Paulen[c]
23
BenPaulen.jpg
Benjamin S. Paulen January 12, 1925

January 14, 1929
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1924 De Lanson Alson Newton Chase
1926
24
ClydeMartinReed.jpg
Clyde M. Reed January 14, 1929

January 12, 1931
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1928 Jacob W. Graybill[c]
25
Harry Hines Woodring, 53rd United States Secretary of War.jpg
Harry Hines Woodring January 12, 1931

January 9, 1933
(lost election)
Democratic 1930
26
LandonPortr.jpg
Alf Landon January 9, 1933

January 11, 1937
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1932 Charles W. Thompson
1934
27
Walter Augustus Huxman.jpg
Walter A. Huxman January 11, 1937

January 9, 1939
(lost election)
Democratic 1936 William M. Lindsay
28
PayneRatner.jpg
Payne Ratner January 9, 1939

January 11, 1943
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1938 Carl E. Friend
1940
29
Andrew Frank Schoeppel.jpg
Andrew Frank Schoeppel January 11, 1943

January 13, 1947
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1942 Jess C. Denious
1944
30
Frankcarlson(r-ks).jpg
Frank Carlson January 13, 1947

November 28, 1950
(resigned)[d]
Republican 1946 Frank L. Hagaman
1948
31 Frank L. Hagaman November 28, 1950

January 8, 1951
(successor took office)
Republican Succeeded from
Lieutenant
Governor
Vacant
32 Edward F. Arn January 8, 1951

January 10, 1955
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1950 Fred Hall
1952
33 Fred Hall January 10, 1955

January 3, 1957
(resigned)[e]
Republican 1954 John McCuish
34 John McCuish January 3, 1957

January 14, 1957
(successor took office)
Republican Succeeded from
Lieutenant
Governor
Vacant
35 George Docking January 14, 1957

January 9, 1961
(lost election)
Democratic 1956 Joseph W. Henkle Sr.
1958
36
Kansas Governor John Anderson Jr 17 Sep 1964 (cropped) 2.jpg
John Anderson Jr. January 9, 1961

January 11, 1965
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1960 Harold H. Chase
1962
37
William Henry Avery.png
William H. Avery January 11, 1965

January 9, 1967
(lost election)
Republican 1964 John Crutcher[c]
38 Robert Docking January 9, 1967

January 13, 1975
(term limited)
Democratic 1966
1968 James H. DeCoursey Jr.
1970 Reynolds Shultz[c]
1972 Dave Owen[c]
39 Robert Frederick Bennett January 13, 1975

January 8, 1979
(lost election)
Republican 1974[f] Shelby Smith
40
John Carlin.jpg
John W. Carlin January 8, 1979

January 12, 1987
(term limited)
Democratic 1978 Paul Dugan
1982 Thomas Docking
41
Mike Hayden.jpg
Mike Hayden January 12, 1987

January 14, 1991
(lost election)
Republican 1986 Jack D. Walker
42 Joan Finney January 14, 1991

January 9, 1995
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1990 Jim Francisco
43
Bill Graves.jpg
Bill Graves January 9, 1995

January 13, 2003
(term limited)
Republican 1994 Sheila Frahm
(resigned June 11, 1996)
Vacant
Gary Sherrer
(appointed July 18, 1996)
1998
44
Sebeliusofficialphoto.jpg
Kathleen Sebelius January 13, 2003

April 28, 2009
(resigned)[g]
Democratic 2002 John E. Moore
2006 Mark Parkinson
45
Mark Parkinson (cropped).jpg
Mark Parkinson April 28, 2009

January 10, 2011
(not candidate for election)
Democratic Succeeded from
Lieutenant
Governor
Vacant
Troy Findley
(appointed May 15, 2009)
46
Sam Brownback headshot.jpg
Sam Brownback January 10, 2011

January 31, 2018
(resigned)[h]
Republican 2010 Jeff Colyer
2014
47
Jeff Colyer official portrait (cropped).jpg
Jeff Colyer January 31, 2018

January 14, 2019
(lost primary)
Republican Succeeded from
Lieutenant
Governor
Tracey Mann
(appointed February 14, 2018)
48
Laura Kelly official photo (cropped).jpg
Laura Kelly January 14, 2019

present[i]
Democratic 2018 Lynn Rogers

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Lieutenant governors represented the same party as their governor unless noted.
  2. ^ Crawford resigned to take command of the 19th Kansas Infantry.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Represented the Republican Party
  4. ^ Carlson resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate.
  5. ^ Hall resigned so that his successor would appoint him to the Kansas Supreme Court.
  6. ^ First term under a 1972 constitutional amendment which lengthened terms to four years.
  7. ^ Sebelius resigned to become United States Secretary of Health and Human Services.
  8. ^ Brownback resigned on January 31, 2018, to become United States Ambassador-at-Large for International Religious Freedom.
  9. ^ Kelly's first term expires on January 9, 2023.

References

General
Constitutions
Specific
  1. ^ "Kansas Government Employee Payroll List". Retrieved January 14, 2019.
  2. ^ a b KS Const. art. I, § 3.
  3. ^ KS Const. art. VIII, § 4.
  4. ^ KS Const. art. II, § 14.
  5. ^ KS Const. art. I, § 5.
  6. ^ KS Const. art. I, § 7.
  7. ^ a b KS Const. art. I, § 1.
  8. ^ KS Const. art. I, § 11.
  9. ^ Constitution of the State of Kansas Archived November 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Woodall, Hunter (September 28, 2017). "As third teen joins Kansas governor race, consider this: No rule says a dog can't run". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved September 28, 2017.
  11. ^ 1861 Const. art. I, § 1
  12. ^ KS Const. art. 1, § 1
  13. ^ 1861 Const. art I, § 11
  14. ^ KS Const. art I, § 11

External links

This page was last edited on 11 October 2019, at 04:56
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