To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

List of equipment of the United States Army

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The following is a List of equipment of the United States Army;

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    Views:
    848 236
    35 572
    1 334 797
    339 031
    995 612
  • ✪ Typical Loadout of a US Marine
  • ✪ US Army Equipment and Uniform in the Pacific Theater, WW2 | Collector's & History Corner
  • ✪ U.S. Infantry Weapons (Vietnam War)
  • ✪ What Gear You Get Issued In The Army
  • ✪ 50 Insane US Marines Facts That Will Shock You!

Transcription

In a book called “Soldier's Load and the Mobility of a Nation,” Colonel S.L.A. Marshall pointed at a troubling issue plaguing US combat troops: overloading of equipment, hampering battlefield performance. While the ideal US infantryman's combat load is not meant to exceed a third of their own bodyweight, the recent wars in Afghanistan and Iraq saw American infantry regularly carrying loads that exceeded 120 lbs (54kg). But what is all this extra equipment that the modern soldier is being asked to carry into combat? That's what we’ll find out, in this episode of the Infographics Show, the typical loadout of a US Marine. First, overburdening is a serious concern for the US military, with several studies having been undertaken on the combat effectiveness of troops carrying modern combat loads. Without exception, each study thus far has shown that extreme loads critically lower combat effectiveness, and in Afghanistan, the Taliban was known to refer to American and British soldiers as “donkeys” because of how overburdened each soldier was. In fact, NATO soldiers found it difficult to close with the enemy because of how much more mobile the insurgent fighter was. The US Army field manual on foot marches dictates that an infantryman should carry a fighting load of no more than 48 lbs (21.7 kg), and a marching load no greater than 72 lbs (32.7 kg), yet modern mission-critical equipment regularly pushes combat loads to over 100 lbs (45.3). So just what are US Marines carrying into combat nowadays? A marine is not a marine without his weapon, and the American Marine is equipped with the M4 carbine. A 5.56 mm rifle, the M4 has a maximum range of 3600 meters, with a point target range of 500 meters, and an area target range of 600 meters. The M4 has a muzzle velocity of 2,970 feet per second, giving it tremendous penetration power against body armor, and a sustained firing rate of 12-15 rounds per minute, with a maximum cyclical firing rate of 700-970 rounds per minute. Together with one 30 round magazine, the M4 weighs in at 7 lbs, 5 ounces (3.32 kg). A US Marine’s M4 is typically equipped with a PAQ-4 or similar laser for use with their night vision, and an ACOG scope to aid with naked-eye targeting. Always ready for a close-quarters fight, US Marines still carry bayonets for use in conjunction with their rifle or on their own, along with the legendary Ka-bar knife. On his person, a Marine carries a variety of gear. Depending on climate, they are equipped with a suitable camouflage uniform made of extremely durable and air-breathing fabrics. Also, depending on the type of enemy they may be facing, their uniform may be adorned with a patch of infrared tape on the left sleeve for aid in identification with night vision equipment; although, if facing a more modern foe, the tape will likely not be worn as it could also be seen by the enemy. A pair of tactical gloves, knee and elbow pads, and Sun, Sand and Dust goggles round out the environmental protection equipment each individual Marine carries. While available for decades, for the first time in history, US Marines are all equipped with body armor. Today's variant is known as the Interceptor Body Armor system and consists of a kevlar weave vest with two ceramic inserts. The vest itself is rated to stop a 9mm round, and the additional ceramic plate inserts are each rated to stop 3 hits from up to a 7.62 mm round. All together, the body armor and plates weigh a minimum of 16.4 lbs (7.4kg), but additional inserts and modular add ons such as leg, groin and neck protectors, can vastly increase that weight. To protect their heads, the American Marine is equipped with the Advanced Combat Helmet. Capable of stopping a variety of lower-end calibers, the ACH provides protection from small caliber weapons and shrapnel, and unlike helmets of the past, is smaller and rides higher on a marine's head to improve their ability to see and hear on the battlefield. Each ACH comes with a night vision mount for quick and easy deployment of each marine's personal night vision equipment, the PVS-14 or PVS-7. As a monocular device, the PVS-14 is vastly preferred over, and is phasing out, the PVS-7 which covers both eyes; having one eye adjusted to nighttime conditions allows the Marine a faster reaction time in case they have to remove their night vision, avoiding temporary blindness as eyes slowly adjust to the total dark. Both night vision devices work in conjunction with the PAQ-4 laser system to provide for accurate fire even in pitch black. On the Marine’s body armor, each infantryman is typically loaded down with a minimum of 180 additional rounds of ammunition, bringing a total combat load to 210 rounds; 30 rounds always loaded in their rifle, and the rest on ammo pouches worn on the body. While most Marines wear the standard issue MOLLE load-bearing vest, some opt for personally bought equipment that they may find more comfortable individually. Along with 180 rounds of ammunition, American Marines will typically carry a minimum of one fragmentation grenade, but might carry up to 6. The M67 fragmentation grenade has a 4-5 second fuse and can explode steel fragments over a 15 meter area, causing 50% casualties within a 5 meter area. Varying on mission length and type, marines will at minimum carry 64 ounces of water in two 1-quart canteens, as well as an additional 100 ounces of water worn on 'camelbacks' the marine carries on their back. A second bladder of water is typically carried inside the marine's assault rucksack, along with two Meals Ready to Eat or MREs. A folding knife/multi-tool, plastic flex cuffs for detaining personnel, a compass, a flashlight and a basic first aid kit, round out gear typically worn directly on the body. Inside a US marine's combat ruck though, you'll find additional equipment to support prolonged combat operations. This can include a 500ml intravenous fluids bag and delivery kit for emergency care, a poncho and Bivy Sack to keep sleeping bags dry, additional socks and undershirts, a personal hygiene kit, sling rope, and the all-important weapon cleaning kit to keep their rifle serviced and well maintained. If that's not enough, however, a US Marine may be deployed with an additional, 'main' rucksack for long-term or extended operations. This rucksack typically carries the marine’s sleeping bag, even more undershirts and socks, cold-weather gear such as knit caps and polypropylene underwear, additional MREs, and, of course, even more ammunition- typically an additional 210 rounds. While this rounds out the typical US marine's loadout, each marine can be equipped with specialized support equipment. Marines operating in urban environments may find themselves carrying a lock pick, bolt cutters, collapsible riot baton, hooligan tool (ie. a specialized crowbar), and/or sledgehammer. Most marines will also carry a collapsible entrenching tool, or E-Tool, no matter the mission; basically a small shovel, the E-tool is handy for digging hasty fighting positions, but doubles as a brutally effective close-quarters weapon. Marines may also carry the M18 Claymore mine. Named after the medieval era sword, the Claymore has been in operation since 1960 and features a layer of C-4 explosive embedded with 700 3.2mm steel pellets. Triggered either by remote or via trip-wire, the Claymore explodes in a 60 degree arc and shoots steel pellets in a cone, 2 meters high and 50 meters wide, lethal up to 250 meters. Marines may also carry the M141 SMAW-D Bunker Defeat Munition- a single-shot bazooka-style weapon designed to destroy hardened bunkers or small buildings. In a pinch, the M141 can be extremely effective against lightly armored vehicles, but would likely be defeated by all but the thinner top turret armor of most modern tanks. The American Marine is equipped for a variety of missions, giving US ground forces unmatched flexibility. Yet with heavy standard loads that don't take into account even more specialized equipment, such as laser target designators or bulky communications equipment, US marines and soldiers are increasingly finding it more and more difficult to keep pace with less equipped and much more mobile enemies such as the Taliban. While a variety of Department of Defense programs are currently looking at ways to minimize the weight a US infantryman carries into battle, it's likely that the United States will continue to ask its soldiers and marines to regularly carry over half their body weight into combat for the foreseeable future. So, how could US forces and their NATO allies lower the amount of weight they carry into battle? What pieces of equipment do you think could use replacing? Let us know your thoughts in the comments. Also, be sure to check out our other video called Worst Punishments In The History of Mankind! Thanks for watching, and, as always, don’t forget to like, share, and subscribe. See you next time!

Contents

Small arms

Model Image Caliber Type Origin Details
Pistols
M9
M9-pistolet.jpg
9 x 19mm NATO Pistol  Italy To be replaced by the M17 Modular Handgun System[1][2]
M11
SIG-P228-p1030033.jpg
9 x 19mm NATO Pistol  Germany
  Switzerland
To be replaced by the M18 Modular Handgun System[2]
M1911, M45
M1911A1.png
.45 ACP Pistol  United States limited use in special forces.
M17, M18
XM17-XM18 Modular Handgun.jpg
9 x 19mm NATO Pistol  Germany
  Switzerland
Won the Modular Handgun System competition[3]
Mk 23
Mark23SuppressedLeft.jpg
45 ACP Pistol  Germany limited use in special forces
Mk 24
HK45C Threaded Barrel.jpg
45 ACP Pistol  Germany HK45 Compact Tactical - limited use in special forces
Mk 25
SIGSAUER MK25 AND SUREFIREX300ULTRA.jpg
9 x 19mm NATO Pistol  Germany
  Switzerland
Sig P226 - limited use in special forces
Mk 26
Glock 26 (6971790359).jpg
9 x 19mm NATO Pistol  Austria Glock 26 - limited use in special forces.[4]
Mk 27
GLOCK 19.JPG
9 x 19mm NATO Pistol  Austria Glock 19 - limited use in special forces.[5]
Mk 28
ARMS & Hunting 2012 exhibition (474-23).jpg
9 x 19mm NATO Pistol  Austria Glock 17 - limited use in special forces.[6]
Mk 29
Glock34 with gtl22.jpg
9 x 19mm NATO Pistol  Austria Glock 34 - limited use in special forces.[7]
Submachine guns
B&T APC9 PRO K 9 x 19mm NATO Submachine gun   Switzerland Used in Military Police as Sub Compact Weapon (SCW)[citation needed]
SIG Sauer MPX
SIG̠MPX.jpg
9 x 19mm NATO Submachine gun  Germany
  Switzerland
Used in night operations, close quarters, hostage rescue, and escort
MP5
MP5t.png
9 x 19mm NATO Submachine gun  Germany Used in night operations, close quarters, hostage rescue, and escort
Small Caliber Rifles/carbine
M16
The M16A4 Series 5.56mm Rifle.jpg
5.56×45mm NATO Assault rifle  United States Standard service rifle.[8][9]
M4
PEO M4 Carbine RAS M68 CCO.jpg
5.56×45mm NATO Carbine  United States Standard service rifle.[10][11]
Mk 16 Mod 0
Scar L Standard.jpg
5.56×45mm NATO Assault rifle  Belgium Used by US Army Rangers
HK416
HK416.jpg
5.56×45mm NATO Assault rifle  Germany Used by Joint Special Operations Command
SIG Sauer MCX
SIG-MCX-Rifle.jpeg
5.56×45mm NATO Assault rifle  Germany
  Switzerland
Used by Joint Special Operations Command
Shotguns
500 MILLS
PEO Mossberg 590A1.jpg
12-gauge Shotgun  United States Used by

Delta Force

Ithaca 37
Ithaca 37.jpg
12-gauge Shotgun  United States
M1014
Benelli m4 2.jpg
12-gauge Shotgun  Italy
M26 MASS
PEO M26 MASS Stand-alone.jpg
12-gauge Modular Accessory Shotgun System, Attaches to M4 or standalone  United States
Machine guns
M249
M249 Automatic Rifle.jpg
5.56×45mm NATO Light machine gun  United States Belt-fed, but can be used with STANAG magazines[12][13]
M240
M240B Medium Machine Gun (7414626696).jpg
7.62×51mm NATO General purpose machine gun  United States Belt-fed[14][15]
Browning M2
M2 Browning, Musée de l'Armée.jpg
.50 BMG Heavy machine gun  United States Mounted on vehicles or tripods.[16]
DMRs and sniper rifles
Mk 14 EBR
PEO M14 EBR.jpg
7.62×51mm NATO Designated Marksman Rifle  United States To be replaced with the M110A1 SDMR.
M110 SASS
M110 ECP Left.jpg
7.62×51mm NATO Designated Marksman Rifle  United States
M110A1 CSASS
M110A1 SDMR.jpg
7.62×51mm NATO Compact Squad Designated Marksman Rifle  Germany
SIG Sauer 716 G2 7.62×51mm NATO Designated Marksman Rifle  United States
Mk 20 SSR
FN SCAR.jpg
7.62×51mm NATO Sniper Rifle  Belgium
 United States
Mk 21 PSR
R-MSR.jpg
7.62×51mm NATO,.300 Winchester Magnum, .338 Lapua Magnum Precision Sniper Rifle  United States
M2010 ESR
XM2010 November 2010.jpg
.300 Winchester Magnum Enhanced Sniper Rifle  United States
M107
M107A1 Sniper Rifle Display in Armor School Museum 20130302a.jpg
.50 BMG Anti-materiel rifle, sniper rifle  United States
Grenade-based weapons
Mk 19
MK19-02.jpg
40mm Automatic grenade launcher  United States Belt-fed.[17][18]
Mk 47 Striker
MK47.jpg
40mm Automatic grenade launcher  United States Fire-control system
M203
PEO M203A2 Grenade Launcher.jpg
40mm Grenade launcher  United States Single-shot underbarrel grenade launcher[19][20]
M320
PEO M320 Grenade Launcher.jpg
40mm Grenade launcher  Germany Single-shot underbarrel or stand-alone grenade launcher
M67
M67b.jpg
Fragmentation grenade  United States
M18
M18 Grenade.svg
Smoke grenade  United States
M84
M-84-Flash-Bang-Grenade.jpg
Flashbang  United States
Portable anti-materiel weapons
AT4
AT-4Launcher.jpeg
84mm Anti-tank weapon  Sweden
M141
Modified Shoulder Mounted Rockets (11068681483).jpg
83.5mm Anti-fortification  United States Single-shot shoulder-launched weapon designed to defeat hardened structures. Based on the SMAW.
M72 LAW
M72 ASM RC Kokonaisturvallisuusmesssut 2015.jpg
66mm Anti-tank weapon  United States
M3 MAAWS[21]
M3E1.jpg
84x246mm R Anti-tank recoilless rifle  Sweden
BGM-71 TOW
Hires 090509-A-4842R-001a.jpg
Guided anti-tank missile  United States
FGM-148 Javelin
FGM-148 Javelin (5160721562).jpg
Fire-and-forget anti-tank missile  United States
FIM-92 Stinger
1-7 repels enemy assault at Lava Training Area 140203-M-OM885-094.jpg
Anti-aircraft missile  United States

Artillery

Model Image Caliber Origin Numbers Details
Mortars
M224[22][23]
60mm mortar round being launch (crop).jpg
60 mm  United States Unknown
M252[24][25]
M252 mortar usmc.jpg
81 mm  United Kingdom Unknown
M120[26][27]
GIs in Konar Province -b.jpg
120 mm  Israel 1,067
Howitzers
M109
Bae PIM upgrade.jpg
155 mm self-propelled howitzer  United States 992[28] [29]
M777
M777 howitzer rear.jpg
155 mm gun-howitzer  United Kingdom 456[30]
M119
M119a trimmed.jpg
105 mm howitzer  United Kingdom 408[citation needed]
Rocket artillery
M270
MLRS 05.jpg
 United States 840+[31] Armored, self-propelled, multiple rocket launcher
M142[32]
HIMARS - missile launched.jpg
 United States 216[citation needed] M270 pod mounted on a standard Army Medium Tactical Vehicle (MTV) truck frame
Air defense
C-RAM
C-RAM 3.JPG
 United States Unknown Trailer-mounted version of the Phalanx CIWS
AN/TWQ-1 Avenger
Avenger missile.jpg
 United States ~800[33] Self-propelled surface-to-air missile system mounted on a HMMWV
MIM-104
MIM-104 Patriot.JPG
 United States 1,100[34] Mobile, long-range(by US standards) surface-to-air missile with anti-ballistic missile capability

Vehicles

Name Image Origin Quantity Notes
MWV
HMMWV
M1151.jpg
 United States 150,000 all services[35][36] Around 40% of those remaining in service are armored. The armored HMMWVs in service are to be replaced by the JLTV.
Light Strike Vehicle
Fast-Attack-Vehicle-1.jpg
 United States Unknown
Oshkosh L-ATV
Oshkosh JLTV.jpg
 United States 53,582 (procurement objective) Will part-replace the Humvee. Oshkosh Defense was awarded JLTV contract on 25 August 2015 for up to 16,901 JLTVs. Procurement objective is 53,582, 49,099 for the U.S. Army and 4,483 for the U.S. Marine Corps.[37]
RSOV
Land Rover, licence registration '-17.JPG
 United Kingdom 60 (delivered)
Trucks
M939 Truck  United States 25,000[38] Intention is to replace with the Oshkosh FMTV. Figures include National Guard and Air Force.
FMTV
MTV-of-the-New-Jersey-National-Guard.jpg
 United States 108,800 (delivered; FMTV trucks and companion trailers) Oshkosh Defense - >23,400 trucks/>11,400 trailers (current manufacturer). 74,000 trucks and trailers by legacy manufacturers. Figures include National Guard and Air Force.[38]
HEMTT
Hemtt iraq.jpg
 United States >27,000 (new build and remanufactured)[39] Figures include National Guard and Air Force
Oshkosh HET  United States 4,079 (delivered; not all remain in service)[40] 2,488 M1070A0 tractors and >2,600 M1000 trailers delivered of which at least 1,009 tractors and >1000 trailers have been Reset. 1,591 M1070A1 delivered. Figures include National Guard and Air Force.
Armoured vehicles
M1 Abrams  United States 2,384 active service[41]
3,500 in storage
Main battle tank. 1,593 M1A2SEPv2 and 791 M1A1 in active service. 3,500 M1 in storage. + 134 order [41]
M1120 Series  Canada/ United States 4,466[42] Armored personnel carrier
M113  United States 1,568 active duty[citation needed] Armored personnel carrier
M1117  United States 2,900[43] Armored car
M2 Bradley  United States 1,199 active
639 in reserve[44]
Infantry fighting vehicle
M3 Bradley  United States 453 active
259 in reserve[44]
Infantry fighting vehicle
M88 Hercules  United States 748[45] Armored recovery vehicle
M9  United States ~490[46] Combat engineering vehicle
MRAPs
M-ATV
M153 CROWS mounted on a U.S. Army M-ATV.jpg
 United States 8,722 (delivered; all services) Around 7,000 M-ATV are being retained, 5,651 of these (inc. 250 for SOCOM) by the Army. Oshkosh currently has a Reset contract in place.[47]
Cougar H
Cougar HE
Mine resistant ambush protected vehicles.jpg
 United States 4,400 (est.)[48] Post-Afghanistan/Iraq the U.S. Army is not retaining any Cougar MRAPs.[48]
International MaxxPro
International MaxxPro.jpg
 United States 8,780 (all services)[48] Army to retain 2,934 MaxxPro post-Afghanistan/Iraq.
RG-31
RG-31.JPG
 South Africa 2,300 (est.) (all services)[48] 1,679 under MRAP procurement and 570 ONS Army; at least 894 Mk5E are required for conversion into MMPV Type II by the Army[48]
RG-33
RG-33L
Defense.gov photo essay 070824-N-2855B-120.jpg
 South Africa 2,386 (all services)[48] 712 will be retained by the Army as MMPV Type 1.[48]
Buffalo
Buffalo mine-protected vehicle.jpg
 United States 750[49]

MRAP vehicles

The Pentagon bought 25,000 MRAP vehicles since 2007 in 25 variants through rapid acquisition with no long-term plans for the platforms. The Army plans to divest 7,456 vehicles and retain 8,585. Of the total number of vehicles the Army is to keep, 5,036 are to be put in storage, 1,073 used for training and the remainder spread across the active force. The Oshkosh M-ATV will be kept the most at 5,681 vehicles, as it is smaller and lighter than other MRAPs for off-road mobility. The other most retained vehicle will be the Navistar MaxxPro Dash with 2,633 vehicles and 301 Maxxpro ambulances. Other MRAPs such as the Cougar, BAE Caiman, and larger MaxxPros will be disposed.[50]

Vehicle-mounted weapons

Aircraft

The U.S. Army operates some fixed-wing aircraft and many helicopters.[53]

Aircraft Photo Origin Role Version Quantity Note
Fixed-wing aircraft
C-12 Huron
40156 Beech C-12U Huron US Army (11090471675).jpg
 USA Cargo/Transport C-12C
C-12D
C-12F
MC-12W
17
14
17
11[54]
C-26 Metroliner
Metroliner C-26.jpg
 USA Cargo/Transport C-26E 11
C-31 Troopship
US Army Fokker C-31A Troopship Asuspine.jpg
 Netherlands Cargo/Transport C-31A 2
Gulfstream C-37
And-c-37a-89aw.jpg
 USA Cargo/Transport C-37A
C-37B
2
1
EO-5
Arl-dash7-N158CL-010515-01.jpg
 Canada Reconnaissance EO-5C 5[55] Previously designated as RC-7B
RC-12 Huron
USA Army Beechcraft.jpg
 USA Reconnaissance RC-12D
RC-12H
RC-12K
RC-12X
12
6
18
14[56]
Cessna UC-35
Cessna uc-35a citation 560 ultra v arp.jpg
 USA Utility aircraft UC-35A
UC-35B
20
7
STOL
DHC-6 Twin Otter
Golden Knights UV-18A.png
 Canada Utility STOL aircraft UV-18A 6
Helicopters
AH-6 Little Bird
MH-6 Little Bird.jpg
 USA Attack helicopter MH/AH-6M 60
AH-64 Apache
AH-64D Apache Longbow.jpg
 USA Attack helicopter AH-64D
AH-64E
756
CH-47 Chinook
CH-47 2.jpg
 USA Cargo helicopter CH-47D
CH-47F
394
48
EH-60 Black Hawk
UH-60A Black Hawk.jpg
 USA Electronic-warfare helicopter EH-60A 64
MH-47 Chinook
07-3774 PAE (17300527729).jpg
 USA Multi-mission helicopter MH-47G 27
TH-67 Creek
TH-67A Creek.jpg
 USA
 Canada
Trainer helicopter TH-67 180 To be retired by 2020[57]
UH-60 Black Hawk
Blackhawk.jpg
 USA Utility helicopter UH-60A
UH-60L
UH-60M
751
592
250[58][59]




1227 planned
UH-72 Lakota
UH-72 Lakota2.jpg
 USA
 Europe
Utility helicopter UH-72A 250 345 planned[60]
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)
AeroVironment Switchblade Attack UAV 4400+ dagger
RQ-11B Raven
A U.S. Marine, right, with the 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit prepares an RQ-11B Raven unmanned aerial system for a demonstration flight for members of the Royal Moroccan Armed Forces in support of exercise 120411-M-FR139-051.jpg
Hand-launched UAV 5000 dagger
Prioria Robotics Maveric
Maveric InFlight.jpg
Hand-launched UAV 36 [61]
RQ-20A Puma
RQ20A-130304-M-DE426-001 crop.jpg
Hand-launched UAV 325 dagger
RQ-7B Shadow
Shadow 200 UAV.jpg
Reconnaissance UAV 500+ dagger
MQ-1C Warrior
OCPA-2005-08-11-080331.jpg
Extended-Range Multi-Purpose (ERMP) UAV 132
180
[citation needed]
dagger
  • dagger (numbers as per individual articles)

Number of aircraft

As of 4 April 2019, the Army has;

  • 193 - fixed-wing/STOL aircraft +
  • 3,372 - rotary-wing/helicopters =
  • 3,565 - total manned aircraft +
  • 10,441 - UAVs/UCAVs/drones =
  • 14,006 - grand total of aircraft

Vessels

The Army still operates several vessels.[62]

Name Image Type Versions Quantity
Watercraft
General Frank S. Besson Class
LSV-7 SSGT Robert T Kuroda.jpg
Logistics Support Vessel 2 8
Stalwart Class
USAS Worthy KMRSS.jpg
Ocean Surveillance Ship 1
Runnymede Class
LCU2000 class landing craft.JPG
Landing Craft Utility 35
MGen. Nathanael Greene Class
USAV Major General Henry Knox.JPG
Large Tug 6

Attire

Current attire
Name Pattern name(s) Pattern Image Notes
Army Combat Uniform (ACU) Universal Camouflage Pattern
or
MultiCam
ACU Universal Camouflage Pattern.jpg


Multicam pattern.jpg


Operational Camouflage Pattern 2015 (cropped).jpg
Army Combat Uniform.jpg
Future Force Warrior 2007.jpg
The ACU uses a new military camouflage pattern called the Universal Camouflage Pattern (UCP), which blends green, tan, and gray to work effectively in desert, woodland, and urban environments. The color scheme of the Army Combat Uniform is composed of a slate gray, desert sand and foliage green pixel pattern, which becomes darker or lighter depending on exposure to sunlight.

Soldiers operating in Afghanistan are issued an ACU with the more appropriate "MultiCam" pattern. In June 2015, the Army announced to replace its UCP pattern with the Operational Camouflage Pattern, which is a modified version of the Multicam. The UCP will eventually be phased out by September 2019.[63]

Army Aircrew Combat Uniform (A2CU) Universal Camouflage Pattern
ACU Universal Camouflage Pattern.jpg


Operational Camouflage Pattern 2015 (cropped).jpg
Army Aircrew Combat Uniform.jpg
A2CU replaces the Improved Aviation Battle Dress Uniform.
Physical Fitness Uniform
APFT-JH-12-19.jpg

The standard garrison service uniform is known as "Army Greens" or "Class-As". The "Army Blue" uniform, is currently the Army's formal dress uniform, but in 2009 it will replace the Army Green and the Army White uniforms (a uniform similar to the Army Green uniform, but worn in tropical postings) and will become the new Army Service Uniform, which will function as both a garrison uniform (when worn with a white shirt and necktie) and a dress uniform (when worn with a white shirt and either a necktie for parades or a bow tie for "after six" or "black tie" events). The Patrol Cap is worn with the ACU for garrison duty; and the beret with the Army Service Uniform for non-ceremonial functions. The Army Blue Service Cap, is allowed for wear by any soldier ranked CPL or above at the discretion of the commander.

Body armor in all units is the Improved Outer Tactical Vest, which is now being supplemented with the lightweight Modular Body Armor Vest and Soldier Plate Carrier System. Head protection is provided by the Advanced Combat Helmet and Modular Integrated Communications Helmet, which are being replaced in deployed units by the Enhanced Combat Helmet.

Field equipment

Modular sleep system

A Modular Sleep System in use
A Modular Sleep System in use

The Modular Sleep System (MSS) is a sleeping bag kit used by the United States Army and manufactured by Tennier Industries. It consists of a camouflaged, waterproof, breathable bivy cover, a lightweight patrol sleeping bag, and an intermediate cold-weather sleeping bag (note that the color differs depending on the vintage of the gear). Compression sacks are included to store and carry the system. The MSS is available in a variety of camouflage patterns. The patrol bag provides weather protection from 35–50 °F (2–10 °C). The intermediate bag provides cold weather protection from −5–35 °F (−21–2 °C). Combining the patrol bag and intermediate bags provides extreme cold weather protection in temperatures as low as −30 °F (−34 °C). The bivy cover can be used with each of three MSS configurations (patrol, intermediate, or combined) to provide environmental protection from wind and water. The sleeping bags are made of ripstop nylon fabrics and continuous-filament polyester insulation; the camouflage bivy cover is made with waterproof, breathable, coated or laminated nylon fabric; the compression sacks are made with water-resistant and durable nylon fabrics.[64]

This section incorporates work from https://peosoldier.army.mil/newpeo/Equipment/Temp.asp?id=CIE_SS, which is in the public domain as it is a work of the United States Military.

3D printing

In November 2012, the U.S. Army developed a tactical 3D printing capability to allow it to rapidly manufacture critical components on the battlefield.[65] Additive manufacturing is now a capability at Rock Island Arsenal[66] where parts can now be manufactured outside a factory including:

  • M1A1 Abrams tank turret[66]
  • 40 mm grenade launcher[66]

See also

References

  1. ^ M9 Pistol, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  2. ^ a b John Pike. "M9 9 mm Beretta Pistol". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  3. ^ [http://www.foxnews.com/tech/2017/01/20/army-picks-sig-sauers-p320-handgun-to-replace-m9-service-pistol.html Army picks Sig Sauer's P320 handgun to replace M9 service pistol ], Fox News Tech
  4. ^ http://www.defensereview.com/glock-19-g19-compact-9mm-combat-tactical-pistol-why-us-special-forces-sf-adopted-it-a-little-history/
  5. ^ http://www.defensereview.com/glock-19-g19-compact-9mm-combat-tactical-pistol-why-us-special-forces-sf-adopted-it-a-little-history/
  6. ^ http://www.defensereview.com/glock-19-g19-compact-9mm-combat-tactical-pistol-why-us-special-forces-sf-adopted-it-a-little-history/
  7. ^ http://www.defensereview.com/glock-19-g19-compact-9mm-combat-tactical-pistol-why-us-special-forces-sf-adopted-it-a-little-history/
  8. ^ M16 Rifle, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  9. ^ John Pike (22 December 2010). "M16 5.56mm Rifle". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  10. ^ M4 Carbine, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  11. ^ John Pike (21 December 2010). "M4 / M4A1 5.56mm Carbine". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  12. ^ M249 Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  13. ^ John Pike. "M249 Squad Automatic Weapon". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  14. ^ M240 Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  15. ^ John Pike. "M240 7.62mm Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  16. ^ John Pike (24 February 2011). "M2 .50 Caliber Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  17. ^ Mk193 Grenade Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  18. ^ John Pike (13 January 2011). "Mk 19 Grenade Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  19. ^ M203 Grenade Launcher, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  20. ^ John Pike. "M203 40mm Grenade Launcher". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  21. ^ Carl Gustaf Selected as Standard Equipment for US Army Light Infantry Units - Deagel.com, 20 February 2014
  22. ^ M224 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  23. ^ John Pike (27 November 2005). "M224 60 mm Lightweight Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  24. ^ M252 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  25. ^ John Pike. "M252 81 mm Medium Extended Range Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  26. ^ M120 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  27. ^ John Pike. "M120 120 mm Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  28. ^ "M109A6 Paladin". Military Today. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
  29. ^ "Self-propelled howitzer M109A7 and M992A3 carrier ammunition enter in service with U.S. Army". May 20, 2014.
  30. ^ "M777 155mm Ultralightweight Field Howitzer, United Kingdom". army-technology.com. Retrieved 28 April 2015.[unreliable source?]
  31. ^ "Multiple Launch Rocket System M270". Lockheed Martin. Archived from the original on 10 July 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
  32. ^ "Saint-Gobain Crystals delivers transparent armor for M142 HIMARS windshields and door windows". November 8, 2013.
  33. ^ "Avenger Low Level Air Defence System, United States of America". army-technology.com. Retrieved 14 August 2015.[unreliable source?]
  34. ^ "MIM-104 Patriot - History, Specs and Pictures - Military Armor". Retrieved 2015-08-24.
  35. ^ "AM General High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) (Dec)". IHS Jane's. Retrieved 2015-12-03.
  36. ^ "AM General Secures Six-Year, $428.3 Million Contact To Provide The Army With M997A3 HMMWV Configured Ambulances". AM General. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
  37. ^ "Lockheed Martin Protests JLTV contract award to Oshkosh". 8 September 2015. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
  38. ^ a b "Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV) (Nov)". IHS Jane's. Retrieved 2015-10-30.
  39. ^ "Oshkosh M977 heavy expanded mobility tactical truck (HEMTT) and M989A1 heavy expanded mobility ammunition trailer (HEMAT)". IHS Jane's Shaun C Connors & Christopher F Foss. 2015-06-14. Retrieved 2015-06-14.
  40. ^ "Oshkosh M1070 and M1070A1 (8 × 8) Heavy Equipment Transporters (HETs) and M1000 semi-trailer". IHS Jane's Shaun C Connors & Christopher F Foss. 2015-08-27. Retrieved 2015-09-22.
  41. ^ a b The Military Balance 2016 p.40-43
  42. ^ "Iraq Seeks Up to 30 General Dynamics Stryker Vehicles". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
  43. ^ "The Military Balance 2017". www.iiss.org. Retrieved 2017-12-20.[unreliable source?]
  44. ^ a b Feickert, A. (5 April 2016). "The Army's M-1 Abrams, M-2/M-3 Bradley, and M-1126 Stryker: Background and Issues for Congress" (PDF). Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
  45. ^ "M88A2 HERCULES Armoured Recovery Vehicle - Army Technology". www.army-technology.com. Retrieved 2015-08-24.[unreliable source?]
  46. ^ "The US M9 Armored Combat Earthmover aka M9 ACE". Retrieved 2015-08-24.
  47. ^ "U.S. Army Awards Additional M-ATV Reset Contract to Oshkosh Defense". 3 June 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  48. ^ a b c d e f g "Retasking MRAP: Life after Afghanistan". Jane's International Defence Review. 2 April 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  49. ^ "Buffalo MRAP". www.tanks-encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2015-08-24.
  50. ^ "Majority of MRAPs to be scrapped or stored". Military Times, 5 January 2014
  51. ^ John Pike. "M230 Automatic Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  52. ^ John Pike (25 January 2006). "M242 Bushmaster 25 mm Automatic Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  53. ^ Aviation Week & Space Technology 2009, 26 JAN 2009 240. Web.28 Aug 2009. <http://www.aviationweek.com/aw/sourcebook/content.jsp?channelName=pro&story=xml/sourcebook_xml/2009/01/26/AW_01_26_2009_p0240-112924-158.xml&headline=World%20Military%20Aircraft%20Inventory%20-%20United+States[permanent dead link]>.
  54. ^ Drew, James (25 September 2015). "Beale AFB farewells MC-12 as spy plane moves to Army and SOCOM". Flight Global. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
  55. ^ WebCite query result
  56. ^ http://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/up-to-462m-for-rc-12-guardrail-modernization-03756/
  57. ^ Huber, Mark (28 January 2016). "Flight Training Begins for First Class of Lakota Pilots". Aviation International News. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
  58. ^ "Sikorsky Aircraft Delivers 100th New Production UH-60M BLACK HAWK Helicopter to U.S". Reuters. 25 March 2009. Archived from the original on 5 May 2009.
  59. ^ "Sikorsky to deliver 102 new tactical multirole helicopters to US armed forces". November 19, 2014.
  60. ^ "News – Feature story – The UH-72A "comes home" to its new Army assignment in Mississippi". UH-72A. Retrieved 13 June 2011.
  61. ^ United States Army purchases Maveric bird camouflage UAS Archived 3 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine - Armyrecognition.com, 26 November 2013
  62. ^ hazegray.org – World Navies Today: US Army
  63. ^ Lopez, C. (20 February 2010). "Soldiers to get new cammo pattern for wear in Afghanistan". US Army. US Army. Retrieved 22 February 2010.
  64. ^ US Army (13 August 2011). "Sleep Systems". PEO Soldier. Archived from the original on 13 August 2011.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  65. ^ "US army builds its own 3D printer". BBC News. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  66. ^ a b c New Army initiatives cut costs, get essential equipment to Soldiers faster
This page was last edited on 4 April 2019, at 09:47
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.