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List of earthquakes in India

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Indian subcontinent has a history of earthquakes. The reason for the intensity and high frequency of earthquakes is the Indian plate driving into Asia at a rate of approximately 47 mm/year.[1] The following is a list of major earthquakes which have occurred in India, including those with epicentres outside India that caused significant damage or casualties in the country.

Date Location Magnitude I Deaths Injuries Total damage / notes
2017-01-03 India, Bangladesh 5.7 Mw V 3 8
2016-01-04 India, Myanmar, Bangladesh 6.7 Mw VII 11 200
2015-10-26 Afghanistan, India, Pakistan 7.7 Mw VII 399 2,536
2015-05-12 Nepal, India 7.3 Mw VIII 218 3,500+
2015-04-25 Nepal, India 7.8 Mw IX 8,964 21,952 $10 billion
2013-05-01 Kashmir 5.7 Mw 3 90 $19.5 million NGDC
2011-09-18 Gangtok, Sikkim 6.9 Mw VII >111
2009-08-10 Andaman Islands 7.5 Mw VIII Tsunami warning issued
2008-02-06 West Bengal 4.3 Mb 1 50 Buildings damaged NGDC
2007-11-06 Gujarat 5.1 Mw V 1 5 Buildings damaged [2]
2006-11-29 Alwar district, Rajasthan 4.0 Mw 1 2 Minor damage to property [3]
2006-03-07 Gujarat 5.5 Mw VI 7 Buildings damaged [4]
2006-02-14 Sikkim 5.3 Mw V 2 2 Landslide [5]
2005-12-14 Uttarakhand 5.1 Mw VI 1 3 Building destroyed [6]
2005-10-08 Kashmir 7.6 Mw VIII 86,000–87,351 69,000–75,266 2.8 million displaced
2002-09-13 Andaman Islands 6.5 Mw 2 Destructive tsunami NGDC
2001-01-26 Gujarat 7.7 Mw X 13,805–20,023 ~166,800
1999-03-29 Chamoli district-Uttarakhand 6.8 Mw VIII ~103
1997-11-21 Bangladesh, India 6.1 Mw 23 200
1997-05-22 Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh 5.8 Mw VIII 38–56 1,000–1,500 $37–143 million
1993-09-30 Latur, Maharashtra 6.2 Mw VIII 9,748 30,000  
1991-10-20 Uttarkashi, Uttarakhand 6.8 Mw IX 768–2,000 1,383–1,800
1988-08-21 Udayapur, Nepal 6.9 Mw VIII 709–1,450
1988-08-06 Myannmar, India 7.3 Mw VII 3 12 [7]
1988-02-06 Bangladesh, India 5.9 Mw 2 100 [8]
1986-04-26 India, Pakistan 5.3 Ms 6 30 Severe damage NGDC
1984-12-30 Cachar district 5.6 Mb 20 100 Severe damage NGDC
1982-01-20 Little Nicobar 6.3 Ms Some Moderate damage NGDC
1980-08-23 Kashmir 4.8 Ms Few Limited damage / doublet NGDC
1980-08-23 Kashmir 4.9 Ms 15 40 Moderate damage / doublet NGDC
1980-07-29 Nepal, Pithoragarh district 6.5 Ms 200 Many $245 million NGDC
1975-01-19 Himachal Pradesh 6.8 Ms IX 47
1970-03-23 Bharuch district 5.4 Mb 26 200 Moderate damage NGDC
1967-12-11 Maharashtra 6.6 Mw VIII 177–180 2,272 $400,000
1966-08-15 North India 5.6 15 Limited damage NGDC
1966-06-27 Nepal, India 5.3 Ms VIII 80 100 $1 million NGDC
1963-09-02 Kashmir 5.3 80 Moderate damage NGDC
1960-08-27 North India Moderate damage NGDC
1956-07-21 Gujarat 6.1 Ms IX 115 254
1954-03-21 India, Myannmar 7.4 Ms Moderate damage NGDC
1950-08-15 Assam, Tibet 8.6 Mw XI 1,500–3,300
1947-07-29 India, China 7.3 Mw
1941-06-26 Andaman Islands 7.7–8.1 Mw 8,000 Destructive tsunami
1935-05-31 Quetta, Baluchistan 7.7 Mw X 30,000–60,000
1934-01-15 Nepal 8.0 Mw XI 6,000–10,700
1932-08-14 Assam, Myannmar 7.0 Ms Moderate damage NGDC
1905-04-04 Kangra 7.8 Ms IX >20,000
1897-06-12 Shillong, India 8.0 Mw X 1,542
1885-06-06 Kashmir Severe damage NGDC
1885-05-30 Srinagar 3,000 Extreme damage NGDC
1881-12-31 Andaman Islands 7.9 Mw VII Significant in seismology
1869-01-10 Assam, Cachar 7.4 Mw VII 2 Severe damage
1845-06-19 Rann of Kutch 6.3 Ms VIII Few Limited damage / tsunami NGDC
1843-04-01 Deccan Plateau Moderate damage NGDC
1833-08-26 Bihar, Kathmandu 8.0 Ms Severe damage NGDC
1828-06-06 Kashmir 1,000 Severe damage NGDC
1819-06-16 Gujarat 7.7–8.2 Mw XI >1,543 Formed the Allah Bund
1618-05-26 Bombay IX 2,000 Severe damage NGDC
1505-06-06 Saldang, Karnali zone 8.2–8.8 6,000
Note: The inclusion criteria for adding events are based on WikiProject Earthquakes' notability guideline that was developed for stand alone articles. The principles described also apply to lists. In summary, only damaging, injurious, or deadly events should be recorded.

See also

References

  1. ^ Bendick, R.; Bilham, R.; Blume, F.; Kier, G.; Molnar, P.; Sheehan, A.; Wallace, K. (2002), Earthquake Hazards and the Collision between India and Asia, NOAA Science Review, 2002, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science
  2. ^ USGS. "M 5.1 - Gujarat, India". United States Geological Survey.
  3. ^ ASC. "M4.0 Alwar Earthquake (Rajasthan), India". Archived from the original on 2008-06-10. Retrieved 2019-03-17.
  4. ^ USGS. "M 5.5 - Gujarat, India". United States Geological Survey.
  5. ^ USGS. "M 5.3 - Sikkim, India". United States Geological Survey.
  6. ^ USGS. "M 5.1 - Uttaranchal, India". United States Geological Survey.
  7. ^ USGS. "M 7.3 - Myanmar". United States Geological Survey.
  8. ^ USGS. "M 5.9 - India-Bangladesh border region". United States Geological Survey.

Sources

Further reading

  • Saikia, Arupjyoti (2020), "Earthquakes and the Environmental Transformation of a Floodplain Landscape: The Brahmaputra Valley and the Earthquakes of 1897 and 1950", Environment and History, 26: 51–77, doi:10.3197/096734019X15755402985550

External links

This page was last edited on 23 January 2021, at 10:42
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