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List of defunct television networks in the United States

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of American defunct television networks.[citation needed]

Distant locals

Name Owner Notes
Foxnet News Corporation Operated between 1991 and 2006 as a branch of Fox for smaller markets without an affiliate.
The WB 100+ Warner Bros. Entertainment and Tribune Media Precursor to The CW Plus operating between 1998 and 2006


Name Owner Notes
ExerciseTV Network and Video on Demand channel closed
Knowledge TV Jones International Closed several months after being sold to Discovery Communications.
Research Channel University of Washington Shut down on August 31, 2010.
UniversityHouse Northern Arizona University Telecourses from Northern Arizona University; was carried on Dish Network's "Public Interest" tier.


Name Owner Notes
3net Discovery Communications / Sony / IMAX 3D television channel launched on February 13, 2011 and shut down on August 12, 2014.
ARTS Hearst Corporation/ABC Merged with The Entertainment Channel to form A&E in 1984.
Audience DirecTV Ceased operations on May 22, 2020.
Automotive Television Network Global Television / Fidelity Capital
Chiller NBCUniversal Ceased operations on December 31, 2017.
Channel America Channel America Network Inc.
Cloo NBCUniversal
Colors Television Network Black Star Communications Ceased operations on July 13, 2011 for unknown reasons.
Colours TV Black Star Communications Ceased operations on July 13, 2011, unknown reasons.
Computer Television Service
Documentary Channel Participant Media Merged with Halogen TV and replaced by Pivot on August 1, 2013. Pivot shut down October 31, 2016.
Fearnet NBCUniversal Shut down on July 30, 2014.
Fox Reality Channel News Corporation Shut down on March 29, 2010, and replaced by Nat Geo Wild.
Freeview DirecTV Rebranded to The 101 Network in 2005, and then got rebranded to the Audience Network on June 1, 2011. Audience Network shut down on May 22, 2020.
Funimation Channel Olympusat Shut down on December 31, 2015, and replaced by Toku. Now an online streaming service.
G4 G4 Media (NBCUniversal) Shut down on December 31, 2014.
Ha! Viacom Media Networks Merged with The Comedy Channel to form Comedy Central in 1991.
INHD2 In Demand Networks LLC iN Demand ceased operation of INHD2, which was a companion network to INHD, on January 1, 2007. INHD would later be relaunched as MOJO HD.
The Interactive Channel Source Media The Interactive Channel launched its first trial in 1996 with Century Cable in Colorado Springs, using CableShare's VirtualModem software. (VirtualModem was purchased by Liberate, which was later purchased by Comcast). Programming partnership with the Colorado Springs Gazette included headlines from each section of the paper and Classified ads.
Jones Computer Network Jones Intercable
The Lottery Channel Broadcasting in the early 2000s[1]
MOJO HD Comcast, Cox Communications, Time Warner Formerly INHD, ceased operations on December 1, 2008.
Movietime NBCUniversal Rebranded as E! in 1991.
National Jewish Television Network Basic cable channel broadcasting from New York City.[2] Existed in the 1980s until at least some point in the 2000s.
Network 1 Network Telephone Services Channel allowed viewer participation through 800 and 900 phone numbers.
PlayCable Interactive format features video games, existed in the early 1980s.
Prevue Channel Lions Gate Entertainment Launched as Prevue Guide, then modified slightly into Prevue Channel. Purchased by TV Guide in 1999 and renamed TV Guide Channel and then TV Guide Network, on April 20, 2013 it became TVGN, and now Pop on January 14, 2015.
Soapnet Disney/ABC Soap opera network specializing in showing current and past soap operas ceased operations on December 31, 2013. Replaced by Disney Junior, which targeted to kids and family. On Direct TV, it got replaced by an Informercial channel.
The Silent Network Specialized channel aimed at hearing-impaired people; existed in the 1980s.[3]
SingleVision GlobalComm 2000
Talk TV Ed Cooperstein
The WB Warnermedia Merged with UPN to form The CW, on September 18, 2006.
TNN Viacom Media Networks Originally The Nashville Network later renamed The National Network. Purchased by Viacom and relaunched as Spike TV which then rebranded as Paramount Network.
Trio NBCUniversal Relaunched as Sleuth on January 1, 2006, and then relaunched as Cloo on August 15, 2011, shut down on February 1, 2017.
The TV Guide Channel Lionsgate Relaunched as Pop on January 14, 2015.
UPN CBS Corporation Merged with The WB to form The CW on September 18, 2006 and was replaced by MyNetworkTV on September 5, 2006.
Guide Plus Existed briefly in the 1990s, airing on some cable systems in lieu of Prevue Channel. TV Guide wanted back in the game, so they purchased Prevue in 1999 and renamed it TV Guide Channel and then TV Guide Network, and now it is TVGN.
Varsity TV Varsity Media Group, Inc. High school student-produced programming
WWOR EMI Service RKO General (1979–1987), MCA (1987–1991), Pinelands, Inc. (1991–1993), Chris-Craft Industries (1993–1997), Eastern Microwave, Incorporated (uplinker, 1979–1996; Superstation programmer, 1990–1996), Advance Entertainment Corporation (uplinker and Superstation programmer, 1996) National version of New York City's WWOR-TV. Existed c. 1989–1997


Name Owner Notes
Kids & Teens TV Sky Angel Ceased operations on January 31, 2019
Light TV Allen Media Group Ceased to broadcast on January 15, 2021. Was replaced by TheGrio.TV.
Nick Gas Viacom, MTV Networks On December 31, 2007, The N became its own channel. The Nick Gas channel was shut down when The N became its own channel. It retired on September 28, 2009 to TeenNick. The channel ended on April 23, 2009 on Dish Network for Cartoon Network's west coast feed.
Noggin Originally broadcasting educational programming from the 1980s to present, the station changed to being half TeenNick and half Nick Jr. The station ultimately became Nick Jr. while TeenNick replaced Nick Gas.
PBJ Luken Communications Digital subchannel broadcast network airing programs from the Classic Media library.
PBS Kids Sprout PBS Relaunched as Universal Kids on September 9th, 2017 after NBC Universal took over the owner of the network.
Playhouse Disney The Walt Disney Company Rebranded as Disney Junior on February 14th, 2011.
Qubo The E.W. Scripps Company Ceased operations on February 28, 2021 along with Ion Plus.
Toon Disney The Walt Disney Company Rebranded as Disney XD on February 13th, 2009.
Total Communication Network Total Communication Network Entertainment and educational programming aimed at hearing-impaired children.


Name Owner Notes
Gay Entertainment Television Gay Entertainment Television Inc.
Q Television Network Triangle Multimedia Ceased operations in February 2006.


Name Owner Notes
Applause Parasol Media
Arts & Antiques Network CYMA Productions Launched first quarter 1996[4]
Discovery Health Channel Discovery Communications Merged with FitTV to create Discovery Fit & Health on February 1, 2011, then Discovery Life on January 15, 2015. It got replaced with Oprah Winfrey Network on January 1, 2011.
Fashion and Design Television Anthony Guccione
Fine Living Network E.W. Scripps Company Shut down on May 31, 2010, replaced with Cooking Channel.
i-Life TV The Inspiration Networks Opened Halogen TV on October 24, 2009, merged with the Documentary Channel and replaced by Pivot on August 1, 2013. Pivot shut down on October 31, 2016.
Ion Plus E.W. Scripps Company Ceased operations on February 28, 2021 along with qubo.
Kaleidoscope Channel for the disabled. Launched 1990.[5]
Lime Went online-only February 25, 2007. Formerly Wisdom Network.
Soapnet Disney–ABC Television Group Soap opera network specializing in soap operas;

ceased operations on December 31, 2013

Style Network NBCUniversal, Hearst Communications rebranded Esquire Network on September 23, 2013, then ceased operations on June 28, 2017.
Wedding Central Rainbow Media Ceased operations July 1, 2011.
Wine TV Ceased operations in 2009.


Name Owner Notes
Americana Television Network Americana Television Network Inc. Country, blues, bluegrass, jazz and gospel music videos. Founded by Stanley Hitchcock in 1992; sold to TCI after 2 years, which shut it down.[6]
The Box Music channel that originated in 1982 and ceased operations in 2001 when replaced by MTV2.
Cable Music Channel Turner Broadcasting Started in the 1980s by Ted Turner to compete with MTV. Unlike MTV, it had no VJs. It was short lived.
Classic Music Channel Classical Broadcasting Company
The Gospel Network
Harmony Channel Harmony Intermedia, Inc. Mood elevating visual music
Hit Video USA 1980s video channel based out of Texas, aired on some broadcast channels during overnight periods.
International Music Feed Universal Music Group Aired music videos from various artists from around the world, purchased by Hubbard Broadcasting in 2008 and subsequently shut down on March 31, 2008 in order to expand distribution for Hubbard channel Ovation TV.
m Channel Aired syndicated music videos, TV shows, movies and news. Was folded under decision of the owner/creator of the network.
MOR Music TV Channel which aired music videos and performances in conjunction with selling albums.
NOYZ Bullfrog Media Ceased operations in early January 2008 after parent company's bankruptcy.
TheCoolTV Ceased broadcasting August 2017, Started online only streaming at same time.
The Tube Music Network Ceased operations October 1, 2007.
Z Music Television Contemporary Christian Music video channel; not to be confused with movie service Z Channel; shared channel space with BET in some areas.
MTV Hits Viacom Launched in 2002, MTV Hits was replaced by NickMusic in 2016. MTV Hits was a pay channel airing top pop songs 24hrs every day nonstop.

News and information

Name Owner Notes
ABC News Now Disney/ABC Lacked significant distribution with low cable and satellite carrier pick up. Was closed in favor of using the channel's few carriage deals to support Fusion a new Hispanic focused news channel geared towards a younger audience.
America's Talking NBCUniversal Relaunched as MSNBC.
All News Channel CONUS Communications Aired on USSB and later DirecTV; its programming was carried by many over-the-air television stations during the late night hours.
American Political Channel
America's Voice aka National Empowerment Television, or NET
CBS TeleNoticias
DoD News Channel Defense Media Activity (US Government) Formerly Pentagon Channel, turned off on April 17, 2015.
CNNfn Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner) 1995–2004; a few cable systems switched the channel space to CNN International after discontinuation.
MHz Worldview MHz Networks Closed down March 1st, 2020
NBC Weather Plus NBC Distributed via the digital subchannels of NBC affiliates and digital cable. Ceased operations in 2008 due to purchase of an interest in The Weather Channel.[7]
NewsTalk Television Multimedia, Inc. Existed from 1994 to 1995; formerly known as the Talk Channel.
Newsworld International Canadian Broadcasting Corporation/USA Broadcasting Replaced by Current TV on August 1, 2005, and then Al Jazeera America on August 20, 2013. Ceased operations on April 12, 2016.
Northwest Cable News Tegna Used news resources from co-owned Tegna outlets KING-TV/Seattle, KREM/Spokane, KGW/Portland, Oregon and KTVB/Boise, Idaho; shut down on January 6, 2017
The 90's Channel Public Communicators, Inc. Relaunched to become Free Speech TV in 1995
Satellite News Channel a joint venture between ABC and Group W Ceased operations in 1983
Tempo Television Formerly Satellite Program Network and then opened CNBC on April 17, 1989.

Regional news networks

Name Location Owner Notes
The California Channel Sacramento, California
Chicagoland Television Chicago, Illinois Nexstar Media Group Originally owned by Tribune Broadcasting before acquired by Nexstar in 2019.
FiOS1 New Jersey, Long Island, and Hudson Valley Verizon RNN produced news and content for the network and was exclusive to Verizon Fios customers. Opened in New Jersey and Long Island in 2009 and in Lower Hudson Valley in 2014 and ceased operations in 2019.
Local News on Cable Norfolk, Virginia Belo Corporation Also called LNC5
FiOS1FiOS1 New Jersey
FiOS1 Long Island
FiOS1 Lower Hudson Valley
New York Metropolitan Area Verizon Communications News was produced by RNN.
Northwest Cable News Seattle, Washington Tegna Signed off on Jan. 6, 2017
Southern Arizona News Network Tucson, Arizona KVOA Communications, Inc.
NWCN Pacific Northwest KING 5 and other regional networks Northwest Cable News Network - closed Jan. 6 2017
TXCN Texas Gannett Company Also called Texas Cable News


Name Owner Notes
Action Pay-Per-View BET network, and later TVN Entertainment Di-function channel.
Adam & Eve Channel Adam & Eve Communications Inc. Adult pay-per-view and home shopping
AdultVision Playboy Enterprises Adult pay-per-view
American Exxxtasy Home Dish Satellite Network Inc. Adult pay-per-view
Audience DirecTV
Cable Video Store General Instrument (Original), Graff Pay-Per-View (second)
Guest Cinema Adult pay-per-view
People's Choice Pay-per-view
Star Channel Showtime Networks. (CBS Corporation) Relaunched to become The Movie Channel in 1979.
Request TV Liberty Media and 20th Century Fox Also operated a Spanish-language pay-per-view channel, Request En Español.
Rendezvous Adult pay-per-view
Spectradyne Adult pay-per-view in major hotel chains
StarDust Theatre Home Dish Satellite Network Inc.
Tuxxedo Network Home Dish Satellite Network Inc. Adult pay-per-view
Wometco Home Theater Wometco Enterprises


Name Owner Notes
Documentary Channel Participant Media Merged with Halogen TV and replaced by Pivot on August 1, 2013.
Fearnet NBCUniversal Ceased operations on July 30, 2014.
The B-Movie Channel
Cable Theater Existed from late 1970s–early 1980s.
Festival HBO 1980s premium channel from HBO.
INTRO Television Liberty Starz Originally called TV!; renamed INTRO Television, carrying the same programming format. Replaced by Encore PLEX (eventually changed to MoviePlex) in 1997.
Home Theater Network Premium movies
Movie Mania Formerly B-Mania!, B-Movie channel, no longer broadcasting as of October 2006.
MovieVision Premium movies
Nostalgia Channel Classic movies, format and name changed to current YTA TV
ONTV National Subscription Television Also had sports and events.
Preview Time, Inc.
PRISM Spectacor 24-hour premium cable television channel intended for cable customers in the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania metropolitan area. Channel infrastructure is still used for Comcast Sportsnet Philadelphia.
SelecTV Starion Entertainment
Showtime Beyond ViacomCBS Domestic Media Networks Was shut down and replaced by Showcase on July 15, 2020. Showcase's former channel space was taken over by Sho*BET.
Spectrum United Cable
Spotlight Times Mirror Premium movies
Super Time/Star TV San Francisco over the air channel like ONTV via KTSF-TV. Named Super Time during the late 1970s and Star TV in the early 1980s.
SuperTV Subscription TV of Greater Washington, Inc. Ceased operations in 1986.
The Film Detective Philip Hopkins Now an on demand streaming only service
Z Channel Movie channel
Wometco Home Theater Wometco Enterprises Subscription service operating offering movies, live sports and entertainment specials through over-the-air broadcast affiliates including flagship station WTVG/WWHT licensed to Newark, New Jersey from 1977 to 1986.

Public Interest

Name Owner Notes
MHZ Worldview MHz Networks Finished operating on March 1st, 2020.
PBS YOU PBS Service ended in January 2006; most stations replaced service with American Public Television's Create network.
ThinkBright WNED-TV Ceased in 2011.


Name Owner Notes
Angel One Sky Angel ceased operations on January 31, 2019.
Angel Two ceased operations on January 31, 2019.
i-Life TV The Inspiration Networks Replaced by Halogen TV on October 24, 2009, merged with the Documentary Channel and replaced by Pivot on August 1, 2013.
PTL Satellite Network Evangelical Christian network known for broadcasting The PTL Club hosted by Jim and Tammy Faye Bakker. Collapsed in the wake of a sex and embezzlement scandal that resulted in Jim Bakker being sentenced to prison. On the air from 1977 to 1987.
The Worship Network The Christian Network, Inc. Launched in 1992, ceased operations in 2013.


Name Owner Notes
America's Collectibles Network Multimedia Commerce Group Inc. Closed on October 15, 1993 with Jewelry Television.
America's Store IAC/InterActiveCorp Ceased broadcasting on April 3, 2007.
Advertising Television Web Broadcasting Systems Inc.
BET-Home Shopping Network BET Holdings, Inc. / Home Shopping Network
Black Shopping Network
Cable Value Network Tele-Communications Inc. Merged with QVC in 1989.
Consumer Resource Network Seventh Medium
Cupid Network Television Capital Distribution Adult home shopping
Global Shopping Network
Q2 Home shopping. Spinoff of QVC, existed briefly in the mid 1990s.
Resort & Residence TV Aired on DirecTV; ceased operations on March 28, 2011.
Shop at Home Network Jewelry Television Ceased broadcasting on March 7, 2008.
Shop Television Network J. C. Penney and Shop Television Network, Ltd. Was also known as JCPenney Television Shopping Channel until closure in 1991.
TV Car Showroom Hachette Filipacchi Magazines
ViaTV Network RSTV Inc.


Name Owner Notes
Classic Sports Network ESPN Inc. Purchased by ESPN and renamed ESPN Classic.
CNN Sports Illustrated Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner) Existed from 1996–2002.
CSS NBCUniversal and Charter Communications Existed from 1999–2014.
CET NBCUniversal Existed from 2004–2018.
Empire Sports Network Adelphia Cable Existed from 1990–2005.
ESPN 3D ESPN Inc. Turned off on September 30, 2013.
ESPN Classic Phased out of service in 2019.
ESPN Goal Line & Bases Loaded Ceased operations on January 13, 2020.
ESPN Full Court Replaced by ESPN College Extra on August 28, 2015.
ESPN GamePlan
Fight Now TV Channel Zero Existed from May 2011 to June 2014.
Football Network Existed briefly in 2003.
Fox Sports World 21st Century Fox Formerly Fox Soccer, Replaced by FXX on September 2, 2013.
FSN Chicago News Corporation and Cablevision Became Comcast SportsNet Chicago
Fox Sports Houston
Fox Sports Carolinas
Fox Sports Tennessee
Men's Outdoor and Recreation Ceased operations.
MountainWest Sports Network Mountain West Conference (MWC), CBS Corporation, Comcast Mountain West Conference sports; existed from September 2006–June 2012.
NASCAR Hot Pass NASCAR / DirecTV Exclusive to DirecTV existed from 2007 to 2012.
Prime Network Liberty Media Existed from 1983–1996.
SpeedVision SPEED Channel Inc. (21st Century Fox) Renamed Speed, replaced by Fox Sports 1 on August 17, 2013.
Spectrum Sports New York Charter Communications Existed from 2003 to 2017.
Spectrum Sports Carolinas
Spectrum Sports (Florida)
Spectrum Sports (Ohio)
Spectrum Sports (Wisconsin)
Spectrum Sports Texas Existed from 2010 to 2017
Sports Time Anheuser-Busch St. Louis and Midwest Cable Sports station; existed from April 1984–March 1985.
SportsChannel became Fox Sports Net existed from 1988 to 1993
Sports News Network Mizlou Communications Existed from February–December 1990.
Trax Networks Development Corporation
Turner South Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner) Purchased by Fox Cable Networks and renamed SportSouth.
TVS Television Network Now part of Margate Entertainment.
Universal Sports InterMedia Partners and NBCUniversal Ceased operations November 16, 2015. The channel carried on existing contracts until 2017. Replaced by a US Version of the Olympic Channel
University of North Dakota Sports Network University of North Dakota, WDAZ-TV, Midcontinent Communications Formerly known as Fighting Sioux Sports Network (FSSN)
Ceased on March, 2012.
Victory Sports One Minnesota Twins Baseball Network/Minnesota Gophers Sports
Water Channel MCE Television Networks Inc.
Web Sports Net Web Broadcasting Systems Inc. Text-based sports news service.
World Championship Sports Network Became Universal Sports. Ceased operations November 16, 2015, which was owned by Comcast SportsNet, a division of NBCUniversal.


Name Owner Notes
El Rey Network Robert Rodriguez
FactoryMade Ventures
Ceased operations on December 31, 2020.
La Familia Cosmovision The Inspiration Networks Ceased operations on December 31, 2014.
La Familia Network Was previously available on Time Warner Cable; replaced with Atres Series in fall 2015.
MundoMax RCN Televisión Was originally MundoFox as a joint venture with Fox International Channels. Shut down on November 30, 2016.
Sí TV Fuse Networks Renamed NuvoTV on July 4, 2011, and then merged with Fuse and replaced by FM on September 30, 2015.



Name Owner Notes
Black Family Channel Ceased operations April 30, 2007. To launch as broadband network, subscriber base sold to Gospel Music Channel. Formerly MBC Network.
Bridges TV Muslim Ceased operations on March 15, 2012.
Caribbean Satellite Network
New Urban Entertainment Television (NUE-TV) Space Station TeleVision, co-owned by Dennis Brownlee and Robert Townsend. Investors included Quincy Jones, Leo J. Hindery Jr., David Falk, and Alfred Liggins III. Ceased operations in May 2001; formally shutdown in October 2002. Senior Council Pat Irvin, Human Resources Director Renee Barfield, Cindy Mahmoud, Senior Vice President Gordon Boelter, Executive Vice President of Programming, Donovan Myrie, News Director, Craig Henry, Director of Music, Monte Powell, Director of Programming, Rick Porterfield, Production Director.
The MBC Movie Network Minority Broadcasting Corp.
World African Network


Name Owner Notes
AZN Television Comcast Formerly International Channel; First nationwide television cable channel dedicated to Asian Americans. Ceased operations on April 9, 2008.
MTV Chi Viacom Media Networks An MTV World network dedicated to Chinese American audiences; launched on December 6, 2005, and shut down on April 30, 2007.
MTV Desi An MTV World network dedicated to South Asian American audiences; launched on July 12, 2005, and shut down on April 30, 2007.
MTV K An MTV World network dedicated to Korean American audiences; launched on June 27, 2006, and shut down on April 30, 2007.


Name Owner Notes
TV5 Monde France Télévisions

RTBF (French speaking-Belgium) Radio Télévision Suisse (French speaking-Switzerland)

SRC (French speaking-Canada) Télé-Québec

An international French network showing programming from French-speaking language public networks of Belgium, Canada, France and Switzerland.


Name Owner Notes
ChannelD First German private television satellite channel in North America 2001–2002.
Dolphin-TV Dolphin-TV German Television Inc. German private television satellite channel 2006–2007.
GermanTV Deutsche Welle TV, ARD & ZDF (German Public Broadcasters) Satellite channel 2001–2005.


Name Owner Notes
CelticVision Unknown Unknown

High definition

Name Owner Notes
Voom HD Networks Rainbow Media (Cablevision) 15 All-HD networks, ceased broadcasting on January 20, 2009.


  1. ^ Media/Society: Industries, Images, and Audiences By David Croteau, William Hoynes, p75
  2. ^ The Encyclopedia of Television, Cable, and Video. By R.M. Reed, M.K. Reed
  3. ^ "Deaf History - Silent Network - A Deaf Cable Channel". Retrieved 14 June 2017.
  4. ^ "Channel-surfing cable's new nets", Broadcasting & Cable, November 27, 1995, McConville, Jim (via Highbeam)
  5. ^ Kaleidoscope TV on Shopping Kick, Ad Age, 1995
  6. ^ "Crawford makes major investment in Americana music". Billboard. 22 Sep 2001.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-11-19. Retrieved 2015-06-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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