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List of death row inmates in the United States

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

As of October 1, 2020, there were 2,553 death row inmates in the United States.[1] The number of death row inmates changes frequently with new convictions, appellate decisions overturning conviction or sentence alone, commutations, or deaths (through execution or otherwise).[2] Due to this fluctuation as well as lag and inconsistencies in inmate reporting procedures across jurisdictions, the information in this article may be out of date.


Ethnicity of defendants on death row

  • White: 1,076 (42.15%)
  • African-American: 1,062 (41.60%)
  • Hispanic: 343 (13.44%)
  • Asian: 47 (1.84%)
  • Native American: 24 (0.94%)
  • Unknown: 1 (0.04%)[1]

Comparatively, the U.S. population is 61% non-Hispanic white, 18.1% Hispanic or Latino, 13.4% African-American, 5.8% Asian, 1.3% Native American, and 2.7% mixed (per U.S. Census Bureau 2018).

Gender of defendants on death row

  • Male: 2,502 (98.00%)
  • Female: 51 (2.00%)[1]

Comparatively, 50.8% of the U.S. population is female, and 49.2% is male (USCB 2018).


  • 69.75% have less than a high school diploma or GED.[3]

Comparatively, 12.19% of U.S. adults have less than a high school diploma or GED.[3]

Mental illness

  • It has been estimated that over 10% of death row inmates have a mental illness.[4]

Comparatively, it is estimated that 4.2% of American adults have a serious mental illness.[5]

Time on death row

  • Median time, in years, a death row prisoner has been awaiting execution: 7[3]
  • Average time, in years, between imposition of a death sentence and execution: 12[3]
    • For 2016: 20 years on average between offense and execution.

Later found innocent or exonerated

  • 1.6% of death row prisoners since 1972 have been formally exonerated and released.[6]

List of death row inmates by jurisdiction


  • Currently on death row: 49 (as of January 16, 2021)[7]
  • Total number executed: 50 (1927–2021)[8]

Due to the high number of federal death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed on this page. A full list is externally linked:

Name Crime Time on death row Notes
Jorge Avila-Torrez Murdered a Navy Petty Officer in Virginia. 6 years, 234 days Avila-Torrez was later linked to the murders of two girls in his hometown of Zion, Illinois.
Len Davis Conspiracy to violate civil rights through murder. 24 years, 268 days (Since initial death sentence)
15 years, 84 days (since re-sentencing after his initial sentence was overturned)
Davis was an officer in the New Orleans Police Department. He ordered a drug dealer to kill a 32-year-old woman, Kim Groves, who had witnessed Davis abuse a suspect and filed a brutality complaint. He was also convicted of witness tampering (which was later thrown out) and, subsequent to his first death penalty sentence, of two drug trafficking charges.
Joseph E. Duncan III Murders of most of the Groene family in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho. 12 years, 145 days Duncan was convicted of the 2005 kidnappings and murders of members of the Groene family and sentenced to three death sentences and three life sentences. He is also serving eleven life sentences in conjunction with the same crimes as well as the 1997 murder of Anthony Martinez of Beaumont, California.[9] Duncan has confessed to, but not been charged with, the 1996 murder of two girls in Seattle, Washington.[10]
Marvin Gabrion Kidnapping and murder of 19-year-old Rachel Timmerman of Cedar Springs, Michigan. 18 years, 309 days (Since initial death sentence)
7 years, 236 days (since re-sentencing after his initial sentence was overturned)
The murder took place in Michigan, which does not have the death penalty, but the body was found in Manistee National Forest, which is federal land. On appeal, his defense team argued that they should consider any reasonable doubt they have that the murder took place outside of the forest before being moved into the forest after death, which would make him ineligible for the death penalty.
Jurijus Kadamovas Ransom-related kidnapping and murder of five people. 13 years, 313 days Kadamovas and co-defendant Iouri Mikhel were sentenced to death for the ransom related kidnappings and murders of five people. The men allegedly demanded a total of more than $5.5 million from relatives and associates, and received more than $1 million from victims' relatives. Prosecutors said the victims were killed regardless of whether the ransoms were paid. The bodies were tied with weights and dumped in a reservoir near Yosemite National Park.
Iouri Mikhel Ransom-related kidnapping and murder of five people. 13 years, 313 days See above entry for Jurijus Kadamovas, Mikhel's accomplice.
Alfonso Rodriguez Jr. Rape and murder of Dru Sjodin in Grand Forks, North Dakota. 14 years, 119 days Crossed state lines into Minnesota, making this a federal case.
Dylann Roof Perpretator of the Charleston church shooting on June 17, 2015, which killed nine African Americans. 4 years, 9 days American mass murderer and white supremacist who, during a prayer service at Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church, sat down with his future victims for approximately 45 minutes before pulling out a Glock 41 .45-caliber handgun. Among those people who were killed was the senior pastor, state senator Clementa C. Pinckney.

Roof is the first person on death row for federal hate crimes.[citation needed]

Gary Lee Sampson Three counts of murder during the course of a carjacking or kidnapping in Massachusetts and New Hampshire. 17 years, 27 days (Since initial death sentence)
4 years, 10 days (since re-sentencing after appeal)
Prosecuted under federal law that allows for the death penalty in the course of a carjacking or kidnapping. Sampson plead guilty and during the trial for sentencing, received a death sentence for the two murders in Massachusetts and life for New Hampshire killing. The initial sentence was thrown out due to jury misconduct.
Kaboni Savage Twelve counts of murder in aid of racketeering and one count of retaliating against a witness by murder. 7 years, 230 days Philadelphia drug kingpin, sentenced to death for the Firebombing of a house where a federal witness lived, killing six people.
Dzhokhar Tsarnaev Boston Marathon bombing which killed three people and injured 264 runners and spectators.[11] 5 years, 209 days Kyrgyz-American Islamic terrorism[12] inspired lone wolf who committed along with his brother Tamerlan Tsarnaev, who later died to critical injuries and massive blood loss on April 19, 2013.
Alejandro Umaña Murdered two brothers at a family restaurant in Greensboro, North Carolina. 10 years, 176 days High-ranked member of the MS-13 gang and the first MS-13 member sentenced to the federal death penalty.


  • Currently on death row: 4[13]
  • Total number executed: 135 (1916 to present)[13]
Name Crime Time on death row Notes
Hasan Karim Akbar[14] (born Mark Fidel Kools) Hand grenade and shooting attack killing two commissioned officers and injuring eleven other servicemen in Kuwait on March 23, 2003. 15 years, 263 days
Ronald Adrin Gray Rape and murders of multiple women at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, from December 15, 1986, to January 6, 1987. 32 years, 204 days Longest time on the military's death row.
Nidal Malik Hasan[15] Fort Hood shooting on November 5, 2009. 7 years, 144 days Convicted on thirteen counts of premeditated murder and 32 counts of attempted murder.
Timothy B. Hennis[16] Triple murder by stabbing of a North Carolina woman and two of her children in 1985. 10 years, 279 days Previously convicted in 1986 by the State of North Carolina, retried and acquitted in 1989, and widely reported as exonerated; recalled to active duty for military court martial (as he had been in the U.S. Army at the time of the murders) under separate sovereignty (see Double jeopardy).


  • Currently on death row: 170 (as of January 6, 2021)
  • Total number executed: 67 (1976–present)

Due to the high number of death row inmates in Alabama, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Shonelle Jackson Murder during the commission of a robbery. 19 years, 246 days
Courtney Lockhart Kidnapped and murdered 18-year-old Auburn University freshman Lauren Burk. 9 years, 323 days
Devin Moore Murdered three people including two police officers and a dispatcher. 15 years, 105 days
Cuhuatemoc Hinricky Peraita Killed a fellow inmate in 1999. 19 years, 79 days Peraita was originally serving life without parole for his involvement in the murders of three Popeyes restaurant workers in 1994. He was the accomplice of Robert Melson, who was executed for these murders in 2017.
Kerry Spencer Killed three Birmingham police officers in 2004. 15 years, 118 days Spencer shot all three officers to death and testified that he acted alone. However, his alleged accomplice, Nathaniel Woods, was sentenced to death also. Woods was executed in 2020 in a highly publicized and controversial execution.

American Samoa

  • Currently on death row: 0
  • Total number executed: 0 (1949–present)

Capital punishment exists as a punishment in American Samoa, an unincorporated territory of the United States, but does not have a prescribed method of execution. No executions have been imposed or performed since the territory gained self-governance in 1949; the last executions occurred in the late 1930s, when the island was under the control of the United States Navy.[17]


  • Currently on death row: 116 (as of January 6, 2021)
  • Total number executed: 140 (1800–2014)[18]

Due to the high number of death row inmates in Arizona, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
John Allen Murder of his wife's cousin, Ame Deal. 3 years, 64 days See Samantha Allen's entry below.
Sammantha Allen Murder of her cousin, Ame Deal. 3 years, 5 months and 12 days On July 12, 2011, police officers were called to ten-year-old Ame Deal's home, where she was found dead in a small foot locker, having suffocated. Ame lived with a number of relatives, including her aunt and legal guardian, Cynthia Stoltzmann. Allen was Stoltzmann's daughter. The family first told the police officers that Ame was playing hide-n-seek and locked herself in the trunk the night before, after the adults went to sleep. During interrogation, Sammantha and her husband John confessed to locking Ame in the trunk as a form of punishment, because she took a popsicle without permission.[citation needed]
Wendi Andriano Murder of her husband Joe. 16 years, 28 days During the early morning hours of October 8, 2000, Wendi Andriano bludgeoned her 33-year-old husband Joe to death with a bar stool and stabbed him in the neck with a thirteen-inch knife in the couple's Ahwatukee, Arizona apartment. His autopsy revealed that he had sustained 23 blows to the skull, and traces of sodium azide were also found in his system.[19]
Approximately one hour before Joe's murder, his wife Wendi had called 911 at the behest of a co-worker, claiming that her terminally ill husband was dying. When paramedics arrived however, Wendi turned them away, stating that Joe had a do-not-resuscitate order, and that his wish was to die. Paramedics left the scene. One hour later, Wendi called 911 again, reporting that she had stabbed and beaten her husband to death in self-defense. She also made claims that her husband was physically and psychologically abusive toward her. However, being that Joe was weak from chemotherapy and the sodium azide poisoning, he was unable to defend himself. Wendi was charged with murder.[19]
Frank Jarvis Atwood Murder of Vicki Lynne Hoskinson. 33 years, 256 days
Jason Eugene Bush Murdered 29-year-old Raul Flores and his 9-year-old daughter, Brisenia, in Arivaca, Arizona, during a home invasion. 9 years, 288 days Had ties with the Aryan Nations, a white supremacist group. Convicted for four murders in total, and two suspected killings in 1997, was sentenced to die and received 78 years for other crimes just one month after his death sentence.
Richard Djerf Murder of the Luna family. 24 years, 242 days Djerf and Albert Luna, Jr. met and became friends while working at a Safeway supermarket. In January 1993, Luna burgled Djerf's apartment. Djerf told police he suspected Luna, but they took no action. In September of that year, Djerf entered the Luna home and killed Luna's father, mother, and two siblings over the course of several hours.[20]
Shawna Forde Murdered 29-year-old Raul Flores and his 9-year-old daughter, Brisenia, in Arivaca, Arizona, during a home invasion. 9 years, 10 months and 28 days On May 30, 2009, Forde was active in the Minuteman movement, a grassroots anti-illegal immigration group that would station themselves along the U.S. southern border and keep watch for Mexicans crossing the border illegally and alert the Border Patrol. Forde allegedly boasted of robbing drug dealers to finance the movement. Prosecutors alleged Forde and her associates entered the trailer disguised as government officials looking for fugitives. No drugs were found in the trailer.[21] Albert Gaxiola, who participated in the May 30, 2009 murders, received life without parole plus 54 years.[22]
Mark Goudeau Series of rapes and murders. 9 years, 50 days Goudeau is a serial killer and rapist, referred to as the Baseline Killer by law enforcement and media prior to his identification. Goudeau is believed to have committed nine counts of first degree murder (eight women and one man), in addition to fifteen sexual assaults on women and young girls, eleven counts of kidnapping, and a number of armed robberies.[23][24]
Preston Strong Murdered a family of six in 2005. 3 years, 258 days Strong was already serving a life sentence for murdering a physician when he was sentenced to death.


  • Currently on death row: 30 (as of November 21, 2020)[25]
  • Total number executed: 200 (1913–2017)[26]

Due to the high number of Arkansas death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Zachary Holly Abducted, raped and strangled 6-year-old Jersey Bridgeman. 5 years, 237 days


  • Currently on death row: 706 (as of January 5, 2021)[27]
  • Total number executed: 722 (1700–2006)[18][28]

Due to the high number of California death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of Crime Time on Death Row Notes
Isauro Aguirre Murder of Gabriel Fernandez. 3 years, 47 days Pearl Fernandez, mother of Gabriel, was sentenced to life without parole.
Rodney Alcala Five murders committed between 1977 and 1979. 10 years, 295 days Alcala's victim count is unknown. He has been convicted of 7 homicides. Some sources estimate the number to be as high as 130.[29]
Rosie Alfaro Murder of 9-year-old Autumn Wallace. 28 years, 189 days Alfaro was the first woman sentenced to death by gas chamber and the first woman in Orange County, California to get the death penalty.
Alejandro Avila Murder of Samantha Runnion. 15 years, 248 days
Richard Delmer Boyer Murdered an elderly couple in 1982. 36 years, 36 days He was about to be released by the police when he admitted to committing the crime.
Luis Bracamontes Shot and killed Sacramento County sheriff's deputy Danny Oliver and Placer County detective Michael Davis Jr. in October 2014. 2 years, 269 days
Vincent Brothers Murdered his wife, mother-in-law and three children. 13 years, 114 days In 2003, Vincent Brothers drove from Columbus, Ohio to Bakersfield, California nonstop to murder his family. He then drove back to Columbus and then flew back to California to find his family murdered. He was on trial two years later and convicted on all counts.
Albert Greenwood Brown Abduction, rape, and murder of 15-year-old Susan Louise Jordan. 38 years, 323 days Brown posed as a jogger and dragged Jordan, who was on her way to school, into the woods, where he then strangled her with her shoelace. Brown then made numerous calls to the Riverside Police Department and the Jordan residence. One of Brown's subsequent calls was recorded by a police officer. "Hello, Mrs. Jordan, Susie isn't home from school yet, is she? You will never see your daughter again. You can find her body on the corner of Victoria and Gibson." Brown was arrested after witnesses identified his license plate number. In his residence, police found Susan's books, a newspaper article about the case, and a Riverside telephone book bookmarked to the page of the Jordan home. Brown was late to work on the day she disappeared, a bloody jogging suit was found in his locker and Brown's shoes were matched to footprints from the crime scene.

Prior to his arrest for Jordan's murder, he was previously convicted of molesting an 11-year-old and a 14-year-old girl. The latter of which he was on parole for at the time of Jordan's murder.

He was scheduled to be executed in 2010, but as the sodium thiopental in the prison's inventory was about to expire, the execution was suspended.

David Carpenter Murder of four women and one man in 1979–1980 on hiking trails near San Francisco, California. 36 years, 197 days He is known as the Trailside Killer. Carpenter is suspected in the murders of at least two other women. In 2009, DNA evidence from another murder victim, Mary Frances Bennett, was identified as matching Carpenter's DNA.
Dean Carter Raped and strangled five women in April 1984. 30 years, 347 days
Steven David Catlin Poisoned two of his wives and his adoptive mother. 30 years, 193 days
Doug Clark Rape, murder, necrophilia, seven female victims, six convictions. 37 years, 301 days Along with accomplice Carol M. Bundy known as the Sunset Strip Killers.
Cynthia Coffman Murders of four women from October to November 1986. 31 years, 141 days Coffman admits to committing the murders, but insists she suffered from battered-woman syndrome. Her boyfriend, James Marlow, was also sentenced to death.
Kevin Cooper Axing and stabbing Douglas and Peggy Ryen, their daughter Jessica, and their son Joshua's friend Christopher Hughes. 35 years, 243 days 8-year-old Joshua survived the attack.

Escaped several times from custody in Pennsylvania and from the minimum security section of California Institution for Men in Chino.

Tiequon Cox Shot four relatives of former NFL player Kermit Alexander. 34 years, 257 days
Kerry Lyn Dalton Tortured and killed Irene 'Melanie' Louise in 1988. 25 years, 241 days
Richard Allen Davis Murder of Polly Klaas. 24 years, 167 days His criminal record fueled support for passage of California's "three-strikes law".
Skylar Deleon Murder of Thomas and Jackie Hawks. 11 years, 284 days Deleon was judged separately from Kennedy.
Sonny Enraca Gang member who shot and killed actor Dedrick D. Gobert and another man during a fight in 1994. 21 years, 252 days He also shot and paralyzed Gobert's girlfriend during the altercation.
Pedro Espinoza Murder of Jamiel Shaw II. 8 years, 252 days
Richard Farley Shot and killed seven people and wounded four others. 29 years, 2 days Laura Black, a former coworker Farley had been stalking for four years prior to his rampage, was shot unconscious, but she survived.
Wayne Adam Ford Confessed to killing four women in 1997 and 1998. 14 years, 171 days Ford was arrested after he walked into the Humboldt County Sheriff Department in Eureka, California in November 1998 with a woman's severed breast in his pocket.

He is thought to have killed others.

Rickie Lee Fowler Perpetrator of the Old Fire which killed six people. 8 years, 357 days The fire caused at least $1.2 billion in damages.
Glenn Helzer Cult leader who murdered five people in 2000. 15 years, 312 days His brother, Justin, was also sentenced to death. Justin committed suicide in 2013.
Ivan Hill Nine murders committed between 1979 and 1994. 13 years, 304 days Hill dumped his victims' corpses along the East-West Highway, known as "California State Route 60", earning him the nickname The 60 Freeway Killer.
Eric Houston Perpetrator of the Lindhurst school shooting which killed four people and injured ten others. 27 years, 120 days
Ryan Hoyt Murder of Nicholas Markowitz in 2000. 19 years, 50 days Jesse James Hollywood, orchestrator of Nicholas' murder, is serving life without parole.
Michael Hughes Raped and strangled at least four women between 1986 and 1993. 8 years, 201 days In 1998, Hughes was originally sentenced to life without parole.
Emrys John Murder of Jan Pawel and Quiana Jenkins Pietrzak. 7 years, 156 days Co-defendant of Kesaun Sykes and Tyrone Miller.
John Kennedy Murder of Thomas and Jackie Hawks. 11 years, 263 days Kennedy was judged separately from Deleon.
Randy Steven Kraft Rape, torture, mutilation and murder of a minimum of sixteen young men. 31 years, 51 days In a series of killings spanning between 1972 and 1983, the majority of his crimes were commited in California. He is suspected of having raped and murder other 51 boys and young men.
Gunner Lindberg Stabbed a Vietnamese immigrant 22 times. 23 years, 28 days
Timothy Joseph McGhee Serial killer from 1997 to 2003, killed twelve people. 12 years, 10 days McGhee was a Toonerville Rifa 13 gang member of Scottish and Mexican descent from the Atwater Village neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. He is alleged to have been responsible for at least 12 homicides between 1997 and 2001, three of which led to convictions. McGhee is also suspected of at least 10 attempted murders, four of which led to convictions.
Charles "Chase" Merritt Perpetrator of the McStay family murders. 364 days
Andrew Mickel Shot a police officer. 15 years, 266 days
Tyrone Miller Murder of Jan Pawel and Quiana Jenkins Pietrzak. 7 years, 184 days Co-defendant of Kesaun Sykes and Emrys John.
Michael Morales Raped, hammered and stabbed Terri Winchell. 37 years, 203 days Morales' cousin, Richard Ortega, hired him to murder Winchell, Ortega's lover's girlfriend. Richard Ortega was sentenced to life without parole.
Joseph Naso Drugged, raped and strangled four women between 1977 and 1994. 7 years, 54 days
Charles Ng Serial killer in 1985. 21 years, 203 days Ng is believed to have raped, tortured and murdered between 11 and 25 victims with his accomplice, Leonard Lake, at the latter's cabin in Calaveras County, California, in the Sierra Nevada foothills 150 miles east of San Francisco.
Raymond Lee Oyler Perpetrator of the Esperanza Fire which killed five firefighters. 11 years, 228 days
Gerald Parker Raped and murdered five women in their homes. 21 years, 357 days A sixth woman was also attacked by Parker. She survived, but her baby was delivered stillborn.
Scott Peterson Murder of his pregnant wife Laci Peterson and unborn child, Conner. 15 years, 309 days
Cleophus Prince Jr. Burglarized several homes and murdered six women, one of whom he raped. 27 years, 75 days
David Allen Raley Murdered a woman and attempted to murder her friend. 32 years, 240 days Raley worked as a security guard at the Carolands mansion in Hillsborough, San Mateo County, where he kidnapped and attacked both women.
Angelina Rodriguez Murdered her fourth husband by antifreeze poisoning. 16 years, 363 days In jail she attempted to hire a fellow inmate to murder a witness who tried to testify against her. She is also suspected of suffocating her infant daughter with a pacifier.
Ramon Salcido Murdered his wife, two of his three daughters, his mother in-law, the mother-in-law's other two daughters, and his work supervisor. 30 years, 33 days
Wesley Shermantine At least four murders committed from 1984 to 1999. 19 years, 243 days One half of the Speed Freak Killers along with Loren Herzog. Herzog committed suicide in 2012.
Morris Solomon, Jr. Raped and murdered six to seven sex workers between 1986 and 1987. 28 years, 118 days
Cary Stayner In 1999, Stayner strangled a woman and her daughter's friend from Argentina, and slit the daughter's throat. Five months later, he beheaded another woman. 18 years, 38 days Older brother of kidnapping victim Steven Stayner, abducted by child molester Kenneth Parnell.
William Suff Raped, stabbed, strangled and/or mutilated at least twelve sex workers between 1986 and 1991. 25 years, 79 days Suff and his ex-wife were previously convicted of beating their infant daughter to death.
Kesaun Sykes Murder of Jan Pawel and Quiana Jenkins Pietrzak. 6 years, 73 days Co-defendant of Emrys John and Tyrone Miller.
Regis Deon Thomas Three murders between 1992 and 1993. 25 years, 157 days Bloods gang member. Two of the victims were officers in the Compton Police Department.
Chester Turner Fifteen murders between 1987 and 1998. 13 years, 194 days (first death sentence)

6 years, 207 days

(second death sentence).

First sentenced for the murders of ten women and the unborn child of one of them. Then sentenced again for the other four murders.
Billy Ray Waldon Shooting of a woman during a robbery in which he also set the home on fire, killing her daughter inside. Two weeks later, he shot a man who was working on a car. 28 years, 318 days
Marcus Wesson Mass shooting of nine of his children. 15 years, 170 days Wesson's victims were his own children, fathered by incestuous relationships with his daughters and nieces, as well as the children by his wife.
David Westerfield Kidnapped and murdered 7-year-old Danielle van Dam. 18 years, 3 days
Daniel Wozniak Murder of PFC Samuel Eliezer Herr and his friend, Juri Kibuishi. 4 years, 108 days Killed two people in an attempt to fund his 2010 wedding and honeymoon. A jury deliberated for 1 hour 14 minutes before recommending the death penalty, one of the shortest death penalty deliberations in Orange County history.[30]


  • Currently on death row: 336 (as of January 6, 2021)[31]
  • Total number executed: 412 (1800–2020) [18][28]

Due to the high number of Florida death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Lucious Boyd Kidnapped, raped and stabbed a 21-year-old woman with a screwdriver. 18 years, 212 days He is a suspect in at least ten other homicides, rapes and disappearances.
Tiffany Cole Kidnapped and buried an elderly couple alive. 12 years, 319 days Two of Cole's companions, Michael Jackson and Alan Wade, were also sentenced to death. Another companion, Bruce Nixon, was sentenced to 45 years after testifying against Cole and leading police to the couple's bodies.
Daniel Conahan Kidnapped, tortured, raped and strangled a 21-year-old man, tied him to a tree, then removed his genitals. 21 years, 344 days Conahan is also a suspect in the deaths of twelve other men.
Rory Enrique Conde Strangled six sex workers, including a male crossdresser, then had anal sex with their corpses. 20 years, 318 days
Mesac Damas Murder of his wife and five children at their home. 3 years, 84 days He was given six death sentences for each murder.
Labrant Dennis Beat and shot his ex-girlfriend and Miami Hurricanes linebacker Marlin Barnes in 1996. 21 years, 333 days
Donald Dillbeck Attempted to steal a car and stabbed the driver repeatedly in 1990. 29 years, 310 days Dillbeck was sentenced to life in prison in 1979 for shooting a deputy. He escaped from prison in June 1990.
Noel Doorbal Murdered and dismembered a Hungarian couple during an extortion kidnapping. 22 years, 187 days Changes to capital punishment laws have helped Doorbal, who in 2017 had his death sentence overturned. In case Miami prosecutors seek the death penalty again, he will be tried by a jury.
Wayne C. Doty Murder of fellow inmate Xavier Rodriguez in 2013. 7 years, 229 days (first death sentence; overthrown)

2 years, 249 days (second death sentence)

Originally sentenced to death for the murder of Harvey Horne II in 1996, the Florida Supreme Court threw out the sentence in 2016, but was retried and received a new one in 2018.
Paul Durousseau Raped and strangled seven women, two of whom were pregnant. 13 years, 37 days German authorities suspect he may have killed several local women when he was stationed there with the U.S. Army during the early 1990s.
Franklin Delano Floyd Murder of Cheryl Ann Commesso. 18 years, 58 days Commesso was working as an exotic dancer in Florida when she disappeared in 1989. Floyd, whose wife worked with Commesso, was a prime suspect in her disappearance. Floyd's wife, Sharon Marshall (aka Suzanne Sevakis), died soon after in a mysterious hit-and-run incident and their son, Michael, was put into foster care. In September 1994, Floyd kidnapped and murdered Michael; his body has never been found and was presumably eaten by wild hogs on Interstate 35. Floyd is also the prime suspect in the death of Sharon. It was discovered that his wife Sharon was raised as his daughter and is herself a kidnap victim of Floyd's. Floyd was convicted of Commesso's murder after photos of her beaten body were found in Floyd's vehicle.
Kevin Foster Shot a high school music teacher. 22 years, 247 days Two of Foster's accomplices were sentenced to life without parole. Another was sentenced to 32 years.
Gary Michael Hilton Serial killer who murdered four people in Florida, North Carolina, and Georgia. 9 years, 273 days Hilton was sentenced to death in Florida for the murder of Cheryl Dunlap. He was also sentenced to life in prison in Georgia for the murder of Meredith Emerson, and was sentenced in North Carolina to four life sentences for the murders of John and Irene Bryant.
Jerone Hunter Bludgeoned six people to death. 14 years, 120 days Hunter and accomplice Troy Victorino were both sentenced to death for the crime. The crime was the bloodiest mass murder in Volusia County history.
Eddie James Strangled a girl and raped her corpse, and repeatedly stabbed her grandmother. 25 years, 154 days James was living with the family of the victims at the time.
Michael King Kidnapped, raped and murdered Denise Amber Lee. 11 years, 137 days
Daniel Lugo Murdered and dismembered a Hungarian couple during an extortion kidnapping. 22 years, 187 days
Renaldo McGirth Murder of Diana Miller and attempted murder of James Miller. 12 years, 259 days Crime occurred in 2006 with McGirth being sentenced to death in 2008. He became the youngest person on death row in Florida at the time of his sentence.
Dontae Morris Killed five people, including two police officers, in Tampa between May and June 2010. 6 years, 234 days
Phillup Partin Murder of 16-year-old hitchhiker Joshan Ashbrook. 12 years, 49 days
Glen Edward Rogers Serial killer convicted of two murders. 23 years, 192 days Considered by investigators in Los Angeles County, as a possible alternative suspect to O.J. Simpson in the murders of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman, but no concrete proof as of 2020.
Randy Schoenwetter Murders of Ronald and Virginia Friskey. 17 years, 45 days At the time of his sentencing, he became the youngest person on death row.
Nelson Serrano Shot execution-style four people in 1997. 13 years, 207 days Serrano is the oldest death row inmate in Florida.
Donald James Smith Kidnapped, raped, and murdered 8-year-old Cherish Perrywinkle. 2 years, 262 days
Joseph P. Smith Kidnapped, raped, and murdered 11-year-old Carlie Brucia. 14 years, 310 days
Troy Victorino Bludgeoned six people to death. 14 years, 120 days Victorino and accomplice Jerone Hunter were both sentenced to death for the crime. The crime was the bloodiest mass murder in Volusia County history.
Tommy Zeigler Quadruple murder of Eunice Zeigler, Perry and Virginia Edwards, and Charlie Mays. 31 years, 155 days Zeigler was first sentenced to death in 1976. In 1989, he received the death penalty for a second time in a re-sentencing.


  • Currently on death row: 40 (as of January 4, 2021)[32]
  • Total number executed: 1021 (1700–2020)[18][28]

Due to the high number of Georgia death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
David Homer Edenfield Raped and murdered 6-year-old Christopher Barrios Jr. 11 years, 105 days Edenfield is the oldest inmate on death row in Georgia.
Tiffany Moss Murdered her stepdaughter, 10-year-old Emani Moss. 1 year, 264 days Moss is the only woman on death row in Georgia.
Lyndon Fitzgerald Pace Robbed and killed at least four elderly women between 1988 and 1989. 24 years, 318 days
Reinaldo Rivera Abducted, raped, and killed four women between 1999 and 2000. 16 years, 334 days


  • Currently on death row: 8[33]
  • Total number executed: 29 (since 1864)[33][34]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Azad Haji Abdullah[33][35] Murder by arson of his wife and attempted murder of their four children in Boise on October 5, 2002. 16 years, 57 days
Thomas Eugene Creech[33][36] Murder by beating of a fellow inmate on May 13, 1981. 38 years, 18 days Previously on Idaho's death row; in 1977 the U.S. Supreme Court overturned Idaho's previous death penalty on his appeal.
Timothy Alan Dunlap[33][37] Fatally shot a Soda Springs bank teller during a robbery on October 16, 1991. 28 years, 274 days Also sentenced by Ohio for murdering his girlfriend.[38]
James Harvey Hairston[33][39] Robbed and shot an elderly Downey couple on January 6, 1996. 24 years, 79 days Denied retrial in 2010.[40][41]
Erick Virgil Hall[33][42] Rape and murder of two women on September 24, 2000 and one in 2003. 16 years, 171 days
Gerald Ross Pizzuto, Jr.[33][43] Beat to death a Marsing woman and her nephew in July 1985. 34 years, 263 days Denied retrial in 2010.[40][41]
Jonathan Daniel Renfro[33][44][45] Shot dead Coeur d'Alene Police Sgt. Greg Moore on May 5, 2015. 352 days
Robin Lee Row[33][46] Murder by arson of her husband and their two children in February 1992. 27 years, 49 days Only woman on Idaho's death row; housed at the Pocatello Women's Correctional Center.


  • Currently on death row: 8 (November 21, 2020)[47]
  • Total number executed: 151 (1800–2009)[18]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Joseph Edward Corcoran Fatally shot his brother, his future brother-in-law, and two of his brother's friends. 21 years, 146 days Corcoran was living with his brother, sister, and his sister's fiancé. He became enraged when he heard his brother, future brother-in-law, and two of his brother's friends talking about him. After putting his 7-year-old niece in an upstairs bedroom to protect her, he loaded his semiautomatic rifle and killed them.

He then went to a neighbor's house and asked them to call the police.[48]

Corcoran suffers from paranoid schizophrenia and has had ongoing issues with delusions and auditory hallucinations. When asked why he was not pursuing post conviction relief, he stated: "I want to waive my appeals because I am guilty of murder. I should be executed. [49]

William Clyde Gibson Rape and bludgeoning of Christine Whitis. 7 years, 69 days Whitis was a family friend who had come to his New Albany home to console Gibson after his mother's death.[48]Gibson has pleaded guilty to three murders. After he was arrested for Whitis' murder, police excavated Gibson's yard to recover the body of Stephanie Kirk, a 35-year-old Charlestown woman who disappeared in 2012. He also admitted to fatally stabbing Karen Hodella of Port Orange, Florida, in October 2002. He is known for his signature handlebar mustache.[50][51]
Eric D. Holmes Murder of Theresa Blosl and Charles Ervin. 27 years, 299 days Holmes was fired from his job at Shoney's Restaurant after an argument with co-worker Amy Foshee. At closing on the day of his firing, Holmes waited in the parking lot with Michael Vance. Holmes and Vance attacked Foshee and two managers as they exited the building, stabbing them multiple times, and stealing the bank deposit money. The restaurant managers, Theresa Blosl and Charles Ervin, died; Foshee survived.

Vance was tried separately and sentenced to 190 years.[48]

Kevin Isom Shot his wife and his two stepchildren dead. 7 years, 317 days The crime was in response to learning his wife was planning to leave him.

He then barricaded himself in the family's apartment and shot at police officers attempting to take him into custody.[48]

Isom's defense attorney argued that a death sentence was inappropriate given the emotional state of his client, who suffered an extreme emotional disturbance from losing his job and then being left by his wife. However, the prosecution pointed out that he was extremely abusive and unfaithful to his wife and drove her away.[52]

Michael Dean Overstreet Raped, strangled and shot 18-year-old Kelly Eckart. 20 years, 172 days Kelly Eckart, an 18-year-old freshman at Franklin College, was last seen on September 27, 1997 after leaving work. The next morning, her car was found abandoned in a rural area, with its lights on and keys in the ignition. She was found in a ravine in Brown County four days later. She had been shot and strangled. Semen found on the body was matched to Overstreet.

He suffers from schizoaffective disorder and suffered hallucinations as a child. He was discharged from the marines on the basis of mental illness.[48] A judge determined Overstreet was not competent to be executed in November 2014. The Indiana Attorney General chose not to appeal the decision. He remains on death row indefinitely.[53]

Benjamin Ritchie Shot officer William Toney in the chest.[48] 18 years, 96 days Ritchie was involved in a police chase after he was spotted driving a stolen vehicle. The chase ended when he crashed the vehicle and proceeded on foot before shooting Toney.

Ritchie suffers from a number of cognitive and emotional disorders. He has bipolar disorder and a non-specified cognitive disorder. The cause of the physiological defect was not identified, but experts speculated that several past serious head injuries, his mother's heavy use of drugs and alcohol during pregnancy, his own history of drug use, and a history of abuse throughout his childhood were to blame.[54]

Roy Lee Ward Rape and murder of a 15-year-old girl in her home. 18 years, 32 days Her 14-year-old sister was sleeping upstairs when she heard the screams of her sister. She called 911. Police found Ward still in the home when they arrived.

Ward's first conviction was overturned in 2004 on the basis that pretrial publicity tainted the jury pool. He was again convicted and sentenced to death. Ward has been diagnosed with a number of psychiatric disorders including exhibitionism, antisocial personality disorder, and ADHD.[55]

Jeffrey A. Weisheit Murder by arson of the two children of his girlfriend, 8-year-old Alyssa and 5-year-old Caleb Lynch. 7 years, 192 days After his arrest, Weisheit admitted stuffing a dish towel in Caleb's mouth and using duct tape to bind his arms behind his back. Two flares were found near the boy's body. Autopsies revealed the children were alive when the fire was set. He told police he did it because Caleb was misbehaving on the night before the fire.[56]Weisheit suffers from bipolar disorder.[48]


Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Reginald Carr Five random brutal crimes commited from December 7 to 14, 2000. 18 years, 65 days After the Kansas Supreme Court overturned his death sentence, the United States Supreme Court reinstated it on January 20, 2016.
Jonathan Carr Convicted of the same five murders as his brother Reginald. 18 years, 65 days After the Kansas Supreme Court overturned his death sentence, the United States Supreme Court reinstated it on January 20, 2016.
Scott Cheever Murder of Sheriff Matt Samuels in January 2005. 12 years, 362 days
Kyle Trevor Flack Shot two men, and a mother and daughter on May 1, 2013. 4 years, 246 days
Sidney Gleason Murder of Miki Martinez and Darren Wormkey in February 2004. 14 years, 144 days After the Kansas Supreme Court overturned his death sentence, the United States Supreme Court reinstated it on January 20, 2016.
James Kraig Kahler Murders of his wife, Karen Kahler, his two daughters, Lauren and Emily Kahler, and his wife's grandmother, Dorothy Wight. 9 years, 100 days
Gary Kleypas 1996 rape and murder of Carrie Williams in Pittsburg, Kansas. 12 years, 47 days The Kansas Supreme Court, in its review of his case, found serious errors with the state's death penalty statute and ordered that the penalty phase of his trial be redone. The sentence was overturned in 2001. In 2008, he was sentenced to death again.
Frazier Glenn Miller Jr. Killed three people at a Jewish Community Center in Overland Park, Kansas. 5 years, 101 days Former leader of the defunct North Carolina-based White Patriot Party.
John E. Robinson, Sr. Capital murder convictions for the deaths of Izabel Lewicka and Suzette Trouten and first degree murder in the case of Lisa Stasi, who disappeared in 1985. 17 years, 364 days In 2005, he admitted responsibility for five additional homicides across the river, at trial in Kansas City, Missouri, in a deal to receive multiple life sentences without possibility of parole and avoid more death sentences.
Justin Thurber Kidnapped, tortured, raped and murdered 19-year-old college student Jodi Sanderholm in 2007.[58] 11 years, 305 days In October 2017, he appealed death sentence with arguments whether he is developmentally disabled. The judge rejected the defense's request for a hearing on whether Thurber is developmentally disabled, ruling that the defense hadn't presented enough evidence to warrant a hearing.[59]


  • Currently on death row: 26[60]
  • Total number executed: 427 (as of 2008)[18]

Due to the high number of Kentucky death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Ralph Baze Shot two police officers at his home. 26 years, 350 days He sued the Kentucky State Department of Corrections on the grounds that execution by lethal injection using the cocktail prescribed by Kentucky law constitutes cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the Eighth Amendment. The United States Supreme Court heard the case but rejected his challenge by a vote of 7–2. See Baze v. Rees
Shawn Windsor Stabbing deaths of his estranged wife and their son. 14 years, 63 days


  • Currently on death row: 68 (as of February 3, 2020)[61]
  • Total number executed: 659 (1700–2010)[18]

Due to the high number of death row inmates in Louisiana, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list of Louisiana death row inmates is not available.

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Henri Broadway Involved in the murder of a police officer. 25 years, 78 days The murdered police officer was the mother of Warrick Dunn, a former American football running back. Broadway's accomplice, Kevan Brumfield, was initially sentenced to death also, but was resentenced to life on July 20, 2016, as he was ruled too intellectually disabled and therefore ineligible for execution.
Antoinette Frank Murdered three people at a restaurant where she worked as a security guard. 25 years, 91 days Was a New Orleans police officer.
Michael Owen Perry Murdered his parents, two of his cousins, and his 2-year-old nephew. 36 years, 110 days Following the murders, he fled the state, leaving behind a list of five other intended targets, including Justice Sandra Day O'Connor and musician Olivia Newton-John. He was arrested on his way to murder O'Connor.


  • Currently on death row: 41[62]
  • Total number executed: 372 (1800–2012) [18]

Due to the high number of death row inmates in Mississippi, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Willie Cory Godbolt Shot eight people in a killing spree. 327 days One of the victims was police officer William Durr.

Godbolt was given four death sentences and six life sentences plus 40 years.

Willie Jerome Manning Murder of Jon Steckler and Tiffany Miller. 26 years, 72 days Was sentenced to death for two separate double murders. One of these convictions was overturned but he remains on death row for the other one.


  • Currently on death row: 29 (2019)[63]
  • Total number executed: 371 (1800–2020) [18]

Due to the high number of death row inmates in Missouri, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Marcellus Williams Murdered St. Louis Post-Dispatch reporter Felicia Gayle. 19 years, 145 days Even though Williams is on death row, investigations are still on-going and new findings are being looked into.
Craig Michael Wood Kidnapped, raped, and murdered 10-year-old Hailey Owens. 3 years, 8 days


  • Currently on death row: 2[64]
  • Total number executed: 74 (1800–2006)[18]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
William Jay Gollehon[64] Murder by bludgeoning of an inmate during a riot in 1991. 28 years, 309 days
Ronald Allen Smith[64] Kidnap and murder by shooting of two Native American men in the fall of 1982. 37 years, 303 days Only Canadian on death row in the United States.[65]


  • Currently on death row: 12[66]
  • Total number executed: 41 (1862–2018)[18]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Roy Ellis Abducted 12-year-old Amber Harris, beat her to death, and threw her body into a ravine. 11 years, 348 days
Arthur Gales Beat a woman who survived, strangled and drowned her son, and raped and strangled her daughter. 19 years, 74 days
Jorge Galindo Shooting of four people in a failed bank robbery. 16 years, 70 days Convicted alongside Vela and Sandoval.
Anthony Garcia Two separate double murders in March 2008 and May 2013. 2 years, 127 days
Jeffrey Hessler Kidnapped, raped and murdered a teenage girl. 15 years, 246 days
Nikko Jenkins Shot four people in August 2013. 3 years, 234 days
John Lotter Murdered three people including Brandon Teena. 24 years, 333 days Days prior, Teena had reported to police that Lotter and his accomplice Tom Nissen had beat and raped him upon discovering he was transgender.
Raymond Mata Murdered and dismembered his ex-girlfriend's son. 20 years, 232 days
Jose Sandoval Shooting of four people in a failed bank robbery. 15 years, 354 days Convicted alongside Erick Vela and Jorge Galindo.
Patrick Schroeder Strangled his cellmate to death in April 2017. 2 years, 232 days Schroeder was already serving a life sentence for murder at the time.
Marco Torres Shot two men, with one of the victims also being strangled and bound. 10 years, 356 days
Erick Fernando Vela Shooting of four people in a failed bank robbery. 14 years, 7 days Convicted alongside Jose Sandoval and Jorge Galindo.


  • Currently on death row: 76[67]
  • Total number executed: 71 (1863-2006)+[68]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Zane Floyd Shot four employees during a mass shooting in a supermarket. 20 years, 191 days

New Hampshire

  • Currently on death row: 1 (2014)
  • Total number executed: 24 (1700–1939)[18]

Note: On May 30, 2019, the state Senate voted to override Governor Chris Sununu's veto on a bill that abolished the state's death penalty 16–8. Since the veto had previously been overridden by the state House of Representatives, the bill immediately became law and repealed capital punishment, replacing it with life in prison without the possibility of parole. The law was not applied retroactively and the one person on death row at the time of abolition remains there.

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Michael "Stix" Kiser Addison[69] Murder by shooting of an on-duty police officer on October 16, 2006. 12 years, 32 days Only death row inmate in New Hampshire due to the subsequent abolition of capital punishment in the state.

North Carolina

  • Currently on death row: 137[70]
  • Total number executed: 822 (1608–2006)[18]

Due to the high number of North Carolina death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Blanche Taylor Moore Poisoned her boyfriend with arsenic. 30 years, 1 day Moore has also been linked to the deaths of her father, mother in law, and first husband.
Henry Louis Wallace[71] Raped and killed nine women between 1990 and 1994. 21 years, 64 days Known also as "The Taco Bell Strangler". Wallace confessed to the murders of eleven women.


  • Currently on death row: 136 (as of January 5, 2021)[72]
  • Total number executed: 483 (1700–2018)[18][28]

Due to the high number of Ohio death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
George Brinkman In June 2017, he took a female friend and her two college-aged daughters captive in their home and killed them. The next day he killed an elderly couple who he was friends with. 2 years, 22 days (first death sentence)

1 year, 90 days (second death sentence)[73]

First sentenced when he admitted to committing the Royalton murders, then sentenced again for the Lake Township murders.
Shawn Grate Serial killer with five known victims. 2 years, 232 days[74]
Anthony Kirkland Between 2006 and 2009, Kirkland strangled, raped, and burned the bodies of four females. 10 years, 293 days[75] Kirkland previously served sixteen years for the beating, choking and burning murder of his girlfriend. For the 2006-2009 murders, Kirkland was handed two death sentences, plus two sentences of seventy years to life.
Michael Madison Madison kidnapped, raped, strangled and mutilated three women in 2012 and 2013. 4 years, 220 days[76]
Austin Myers Orchestrated the murder of 18-year-old Justin Back. 6 years, 94 days[77] Myers became the youngest inmate on death row in Ohio at the time of his sentence.
Donna Roberts Shot her ex-husband in order to collect his life insurance. 17 years, 207 days[78] She is currently the only woman on Ohio's death row.
Anthony Sowell Committed eleven murders between 2007 and 2009. 9 years, 127 days[79] Also known as the Cleveland Strangler.
Christopher Whitaker Kidnapped, tortured, raped and murdered 14-year-old Alianna DeFreeze. 2 years, 299 days
James D. Worley Murdered 20-year-old Sierah Joughin. 2 years, 275 days[80] The murder prompted the creation of Ohio Senate Bill 231 'Sierah's Law', a statute that provides for a searchable database of felons living in the state, who are convicted of specific violent offenses.


  • Currently on death row: 46 (As of December 1, 2019)[81]
  • Total number executed: 230 (1800–2015)[18]

Due to the high number of Oklahoma death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Richard Glossip Convicted of commissioning the murder of Barry Van Treese. 16 years, 145 days Justin Sneed, the man who murdered Van Treese, agreed to plead guilty and testified against Glossip, so that he received a sentence of life without parole.

The case is controversial as Sneed was at the time a methamphetamine addict and possibly a mythomaniac.

Glossip was initially sentenced to death on June 1, 1998, but it was overturned in 2001. He was sentenced to death again in 2004.

Kevin Ray Underwood Murder of 10-year-old Jamie Rose Bolin. 12 years, 291 days


  • Currently on death row: 35 (April 17, 2019)[82]
  • Total number executed: 124 (1800–1997)[18]

Due to the high number of Oregon death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Gary Haugen Murder of fellow prison inmate, David Polin. 9 years, 62 days[83] He was serving a previous life sentence for murder of Mary Archer, his former girlfriend's mother.

Confined at the Oregon State Penitentiary in Salem.

Oregon Governor John Kitzhaber placed a moratorium on all executions for the duration of his term as 37th governor,[84] which has upset the victims of Haugen[85] and Gary Haugen himself[86][87] It is estimated that the case of Gary Haugen cost Oregon tax payers over $1.2 million, according to the Statesman Journal.[88]

Christian Longo Murder of his wife and three children. 17 years, 278 days
Dayton Leroy Rogers Murder of six women in Molalla, Oregon. 31 years, 224 days[89] He was dubbed the 'Molalla Forest Murderer' because of the dumpsite just outside the city.
Bruce Turnidge (Father) Woodburn bank bombing which killed Oregon State Trooper Bill Hakim and Woodburn Police Captain Tom Tennant. 10 years, 28 days[89] Woodburn Police Chief Scott Russell had been severly injured and lost a leg to the blast.
Joshua Turnidge (Son) Woodburn bank bombing which killed Oregon State Trooper Bill Hakim and Woodburn Police Captain Tom Tennant. 10 years, 28 days[89] Russell required twenty-nine surgeries but was able to return to work after receiving a prosthetic leg.


  • Currently on death row: 128 (July 5, 2020)[90]
  • Total number executed: 1043 (1608–1999)[18]

Owing to the high number of Pennsylvania death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
George Banks Killed thirteen and wounded other in 1982. 37 years, 211 days On May 12, 2010, Banks was declared incompetent to be executed.
Richard Baumhammers Former attorney who began a racially motivated crime spree on April 28, 2000 in Pittsburgh, killing five and paralyzing one. 19 years, 253 days Baumhammers was given five death sentences plus 112 years.
Arthur Jerome Bomar Jr. Murder of Aimee Ellen Willard by beating her to death. 22 years, 46 days He is also suspected to have murdered Maria Cabuenos to steal her car, since he had thrown out his own at a junkyard. Willard's DNA was found on the latter, which pointed out Bomar's culpability.
Eric Frein State police attack and manhunt — September 2014. 3 years, 259 days
Melvin Knight Along with Ricky Smyrnes and four other accomplices, also called "The Greensburg Six", tortured and murdered mentally disabled Jennifer Daugherty. 8 years, 142 days Knight appealed his sentence, but on November 15, 2018 his appeal was denied. Ricky Smyrnes is also awaiting execution, while the other four members of The Greensburg Six received prison sentences.
Richard Andrew Poplawski Shot and killed three Pittsburgh Police officers on April 4, 2009. 9 years, 205 days
Harvey Miguel Robinson Serial killer who killed three women. 26 years, 51 days Initially sentenced to death for all three murders. The death sentences for the first two murders were later changed to life sentences.
Christopher Roney First-degree murder for the shooting death of police officer Lauretha Vaird. 24 years, 37 days
Ricky Smyrnes Along with Melvin Knight and four other accomplices tortured and murdered mentally disabled Jennifer Daugherty. 7 years, 326 days Smyrnes appealed the death sentence. His execution was delayed in July 2017.

South Carolina

  • Currently on death row: 37[91]
  • Total number executed: 683 (1700–2011)[18]

Due to the high number of South Carolina death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Quincy Allen Killed four people between July and August 2002. 15 years, 304 days
Steven Bixby Shot and killed Abbeville County Deputy Sheriff Sgt. Daniel Wilson and State Constable Donald Ouzts. 13 years, 333 days Rita Bixby, mother of Steven, was given two life sentences, while his dad Arthur Bixby was found mentally incompetent to stand trial, and subsequently committed to a mental facility.
Stephen Stanko Murdered his girlfriend Laura Ling, and library patron Henry Lee Turner. 14 years, 154 days He also raped and violently assaulted Ling's daughter, who survived the attack.
James William Wilson, Jr. Shot dead two 8-year-old students and wounded another seven, a teacher and a gym coach. 31 years, 253 days

South Dakota

  • Currently on death row: 1[92]
  • Total number executed: 20 (1877-2019)[92]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Briley Piper Torture and murder of Chester Allan Poage. 20 years, 0 days

(first death sentence; overturned)

9 years, 173 days (second death sentence)[93]

Piper commited the crime along with two other men.

Elijah Page was sentenced to death and executed by lethal injection in 2007, becoming the first person executed in South Dakota in over sixty years.

Darrell Hoadley was sentenced to life in prison.


  • Currently on death row: 50[94]
  • Total number executed: 134

Due to the high number of Tennessee death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Lemaricus Davidson Raped, tortured, and murdered Channon Christian and Christopher Newsom. 11 years, 81 days His four accomplices were also sentenced but only Davidson received a death sentence.
Jessie Dotson Murdered six people including his brother, brother's girlfriend, two other adults, and fatally stabbed his nephews, aged 4 and 2. 10 years, 99 days Dotson received six death sentences for the crime.
Pervis Tyrone Payne Murdered an acquaintance and her 2-year-old daughter. 32 years, 338 days Payne was scheduled to be executed on December 3, 2020, but was granted a temporary reprieve until April 9, 2021.
Christa Pike Murdered Job Corps student Colleen Slemmer by crushing her skull with asphalt. 24 years, 295 days Two of Pike's accomplices were also sentenced. Tadaryl Shipp was sentenced to life without parole, while Shadolla Peterson was sentenced to probation after testifying against Pike. In 2001, Pike and Natasha Cornett attempted to strangle fellow inmate Patricia Jones with a shoestring; Jones survived.


  • Currently on death row: 209 [95]
  • Total number executed: 1,325 (1800-2020)[18]

Due to the high number of Texas death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages or part of a criminal enterprise with a separate Wikipedia page are listed in this article. The full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Donald Bess Rape and murder of 20-year-old Angela Samota. 10 years, 114 days The murder occurred in 1984 and went unsolved until the 2000s. DNA evidence surfaced and charges were brought against Bess, who was subsequently tried and received the death penalty.
Linda Carty Abduction and murder of 25-year-old Joana Rodriguez to steal her newborn son. 18 years, 318 days Prosecutors alleged that Carty orchestrated the crime, which was committed by three masked men who abducted Rodriguez and her son. Rodriguez was later found dead in the trunk of a car. Her 3-day-old son was rescued from a car parked nearby. The other three men were arrested, but only Carty was prosecuted for capital murder.

She claims she was framed by drug dealers in response to her work as an informant and has appealed her conviction. Her appeals have been unsuccessful and the appeal procedure has been exhausted.

Barring the granting of clemency, she stands to become the first female British national to be executed since Ruth Ellis in 1955, and the first British black woman executed in more than a century.

Edgardo Rafael Cubas Murdered two women and a 15-year-old girl, who had been kidnapped and raped. 16 years, 226 days Eduardo Navarro, an accomplice, was 15 at the time of the crimes but was tried as an adult.
Gabriel Hall Shot Edwin Shaar, Jr. and stabbed his wife Linda Shaar in the throat, who survived. 5 years, 102 days Hall's biological father, Eduardo Cañada, Sr., resident in the Philippines, is a convicted murderer.
Randy Halprin Murder of Irving police officer Aubrey Hawkins during a robbery. 17 years, 221 days One of the two remaining Texas Seven.
Ronald Lee Haskell Murdered six people in a mass shooting in Harris County. 1 year, 95 days
Brittany Holberg Robbed and murdered 80-year-old A. B. Towery Sr. in his home. 22 years, 298 days The victim was struck with a hammer and stabbed nearly sixty times. The weapons used were a paring knife, a butcher knife, a grapefruit knife, and a fork. A lamp pole had been shoved more than five inches down the victim's throat.
Ali Irsan 2012 killings of his son-in-law, Coty Beavers, and Gelareh Bagherzadeh, a friend of his daughter. 2 years, 152 days
Patrick Murphy Murder of Irving police officer Aubrey Hawkins during a robbery. 17 years, 60 days Murphy was the last member of the Texas Seven to be brought to trial, convicted, and sentenced to death.
Scott Panetti Murder of his father-in-law and mother-in-law. 25 years, 116 days Panetti had an extensive history of psychiatric hospitalization and was a diagnosed schizophrenic.
Rodney Reed Abduction, rape and murder of 19-year-old Stacie Stites. 22 years, 235 days
Raymond Riles Murder and robbery of a Houston used-car salesman in 1974. 44 years, 350 days Riles has been on death row longer than anyone in Texas. Because of mental illness, he is considered ineligible to be executed. In 1985, Riles attempted suicide by setting his prison cell on fire.
Darlie Routier Murder of her two sons in 1996. 23 years, 349 days Routier's case has attracted the attention of wrongful conviction advocacy groups in recent years. She is currently in the process of raising funds to test evidence found at the scene for DNA.[96][97]
Víctor Saldaño Kidnapped and shot dead Paul Ray King. 24 years, 129 days He is the sole Argentine on US death row.

Jorge Chávez, co-defendant, is serving life imprisonment.

Juan Segundo Rapist and serial killer with four known victims. 13 years, 339 days
Hank Skinner Bludgeoned his girlfriend with an ax handle, then stabbed her two sons. 25 years, 294 days
Walter Alexander Sorto Murdered two women and a 15-year-old girl, who had been kidnapped and raped. 17 years, 39 days
Andre Thomas Murdered his estranged wife, 4-year-old son, and 13-month-old daughter on March 27, 2004. 15 years, 263 days He removed his right eye on April 1, 2004. He removed and consumed his left eye on December 9, 2008. Currently residing in a psychiatric unit.
Charles Victor Thompson Murdered his girlfriend Dennise Hayslip and her lover, Darren Cain. 21 years, 259 days Thompson alleges that his death penalty conviction is unjust, stating he acted in self-defense as he had been shot by Cain. The killings could be viewed as a crime of passion which would exclude the capital murder sentence. Thompson alleges that Hayslip died a week later due to medical malpractice, and not the actual shooting.

He made headlines in 2005 by escaping from Harris County Jail in Houston after a parole meeting using a forged ID badge. He was captured three days later.

Faryion Wardrip Raped and murdered five women in the 1980s. 21 years, 71 days Wardrip was sentenced to 35 years in prison in 1986. He was released on December 11, 1997, but was sentenced to death again on November 9, 1999.

In December 2014, Wardrip's appeal was dismissed by the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals.

Eric Lyle Williams Convicted of three murders in Kaufman County. 6 years, 32 days One of the victims was County Criminal District Attorney Michael McLelland.

His wife and accomplice, Kimberly Irene Williams, was tried separately, and sentenced to 40 years in prison.

Jeffery Lee Wood Murder of gas station clerk Kris Keeran. 22 years, 322 days On January 2, 1996, Wood and Daniel Earl Reneau attempted to rob a Kerrville gas station. While Wood waited outside, Reneau shot Keeran between the eyes.

Jeff Wood's death row conviction has been regarded as controversial, as he was not present when Reneau shot Keeran.

Reneau was executed on June 13, 2002.


  • Currently on death row: 7[98]
  • Total number executed: 50 (1800–2010)[18][99]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Michael Anthony Archuleta[100] Torture, rape, and murder of a Cedar City man on November 21, 1988. 31 years, 29 days Was assigned lethal injection as his method of execution.[100]
Douglas Stewart Carter[100] Stabbed and shot an elderly woman during a burglary of her Provo home on February 27, 1985. 35 years, 23 days Was assigned lethal injection as his method of execution.
Taberone Dave Honie[100] Rape and murder of his ex-girlfriend's mother on July 9, 1998. 21 years, 244 days Has selected firing squad as his method of execution.[101]
Troy Kell[100] Murder by stabbing of an inmate on July 6, 1994. 24 years, 164 days At the time, Kell was serving a life sentence for the 1986 murder of 21-year-old James “Cotton” Kelly, who had been stalking 15-year-old Sandy Shaw, a friend of Kell's.

Has selected firing squad as his method of execution.[101]

Douglas Anderson Lovell Aggravated kidnapping and murder of Joyce Yost, in order to prevent her from testifying against him in a rape case. 5 years, 293 days Lovell was originally sentenced to death for this murder in 1993, but on appeal was allowed to withdraw his guilty plea and was granted a new trial. He was again convicted of the murder and sentenced to death in 2015.[102]
Ralph Leroy Menzies[100] Kidnapped and strangled a female gas station attendant in Kearns on February 23, 1986. 32 years, 302 days Has selected firing squad as his method of execution.[101]
Von Lester Taylor[100] Murder of Kay Tiede and her mother Beth Potts near Beaver Springs, Summit County. 29 years, 240 days Taylor also attempted to shoot and set on fire the Tiede's husband, and kidnapped their two daughters.

Edward Deli, accomplice, was sentenced to life in prison, but hasn't been paroled yet due to the judge's recommendation.

Has selected lethal injection as his method of execution.


  • Currently on death row: 2 [103]
  • Total number executed: 1387 (1608–2017) [18]
Name Crime Time on death row Notes
Anthony Juniper Murdered his ex-girlfriend, her brother and her two daughters. 15 years, 293 days
Thomas Alexander Porter Shot Norfolk Police Department police officer Stanley Reaves. 13 years, 187 days


  • Currently on death row: 0[104]
  • Total number executed: 23 (1866–1992)

Jurisdictions without the death penalty

Twenty-two states have abolished capital punishment. Crimes committed in these states are still eligible for the death penalty if they are convicted in federal court for violation of certain federal crimes. Capital punishment has been abolished in both New Hampshire and New Mexico but only for new sentences. Prisoners who are already sentenced to death in those states remain on death row.

States and the date of abolition of capital punishment:

  1. Michigan (1846)
  2. Wisconsin (1853)
  3. Maine (1887)
  4. Minnesota (1911)
  5. Hawaii (1948; prior to statehood)
  6. Alaska (1957; prior to statehood)
  7. Vermont (1964; abolished for murder, retained for treason)
  8. Iowa (1965)
  9. West Virginia (1965)
  10. North Dakota (1973)
  11. Massachusetts (1984)
  12. Rhode Island (1984)
  13. New Jersey (2007)
  14. New York (2007)
  15. New Mexico (2009)
  16. Illinois (2011)
  17. Connecticut (2012)
  18. Maryland (2013)
  19. Delaware (2016)
  20. Washington (2018)
  21. New Hampshire (2019)
  22. Colorado (2020)


  1. Puerto Rico (1929)[105]
  2. Northern Mariana Islands (before 1970; prior to Commonwealth status) [106]
  3. Guam (1978) [107]
  4. Washington, D.C. (1981)
  5. United States Virgin Islands (1991)

See also


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External links

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