To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

List of United States Senate committees

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a complete list of U.S. congressional committees (standing committees and select or special committees) that are operating in the United States Senate. Senators can be a member of more than one committee.

Senate Committee on Rules & Administration (1995)

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/2
    1 260 294
    5 773
  • Congressional Committees: Crash Course Government and Politics #7
  • The United States Senate


Hi, I'm Craig and this is Crash Course Government and Politics and today we're going to get down and dirty wallowing in the mud that is Congress. Okay, maybe that's a little unfair, but the workings of Congress are kind of arcane or byzantine or maybe let's just say extremely complex and confusing, like me, or Game of Thrones without the nudity. Some of the nudity, maybe. However, Congress is the most important branch, so it would probably behoove most Americans to know how it works. I'm going to try to explain. Be prepared to be behooved. Both the House of Representatives and the Senate are divided up into committees in order to make them more efficient. The committees you hear about most are the standing committees, which are relatively permanent and handle the day-to-day business of Congress. The House has 19 standing committees and the Senate 16. Congressmen and Senators serve on multiple committees. Each committee has a chairperson, or chair, who is the one who usually gets mentioned in the press, which is why you would know the name of the chair of the House Ways and Means Committee. Tell us in the comments if you do know, or tell us if you are on the committee, or just say hi. Congress creates special or select committees to deal with particular issues that are beyond the jurisdiction of standing committees. Some of them are temporary and some, like the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, are permanent. Some of them have only an advisory function which means they can't write laws. The Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming has only advisory authority which tells you pretty much all you need to know about Congress and climate change. There are joint committees made up of members of both houses. Most of them are standing committees and they don't do a lot although the joint Committee on the Library oversees the Library of Congress, without which we would not be able to use a lot of these pictures. Like that one, and that one, and ooh that one's my favorite. Other committees are conference committees, which are created to reconcile a bill when the House and Senate write different versions of it, but I'll talk about those later when we try to figure out how a bill becomes a law. So why does Congress have so many committees? The main reason is that it's more efficient to write legislation in a smaller group rather than a larger one. Congressional committees also allow Congressmen to develop expertise on certain topics. So a Congressperson from Iowa can get on an agriculture committee because that is an issue he presumably knows something about if he pays attention to his constituents. Or a Congressperson from Oklahoma could be on the Regulation of Wind Rolling Down the Plain Committee. Committees allow members of Congress to follows their own interests, so someone passionate about national defense can try to get on the armed services committee. Probably more important, serving on a committee is something that a Congressperson can claim credit for and use to build up his or her brand when it comes time for reelection. Congress also has committees for historical reasons. Congress is pretty tradish, which is what you say when you don't have time to say traditional. Anyway, it doesn't see much need to change a system that has worked, for the most part, since 1825. That doesn't mean that Congress hasn't tried to tweak the system. Let's talk about how committees actually work in the Thought Bubble. Any member of Congress can propose a bill, this is called proposal power, but it has to go to a committee first. Then to get to the rest of the House or Senate it has to be reported out of committee. The chair determines the agenda by choosing which issues get considered. In the House the Speaker refers bills to particular committees, but the committee chair has some discretion over whether or not to act on the bills. This power to control what ideas do or do not become bills is what political scientists call "Gatekeeping Authority", and it's a remarkably important power that we rarely ever think about, largely because when a bill doesn't make it on to the agenda, there's not much to write or talk about. The committee chairs also manage the actual process of writing a bill, which is called mark-up, and the vote on the bill in the committee itself. If a bill doesn't receive a majority of votes in the committee, it won't be reported out to the full House or Senate. In this case we say the bill "died in committee" and we have a small funeral on the National Mall. Nah we just put it in the shredder. Anyway, committee voting is kind of an efficient practice. If a bill can't command a majority in a small committee it doesn't have much chance in the floor of either house. Committees can kill bills by just not voting on them, but it is possible in the House to force them to vote by filing a discharge petition - this almost never happens. Gatekeeping Authority is Congress's most important power, but it also has oversight power, which is an after-the-fact authority to check up on how law is being implemented. Committees exercise oversight by assigning staff to scrutinize a particular law or policy and by holding hearings. Holding hearings is an excellent way to take a position on a particular issue. Thanks Thought Bubble. So those are the basics of how committees work, but I promised you we'd go beyond the basics, so here we go into the Realm of Congressional History. Since Congress started using committees they have made a number of changes, but the ones that have bent the Congress into its current shape occurred under the speakership of Newt Gingrich in 1994. Overall Gingrich increased the power of the Speaker, who was already pretty powerful. The number of subcommittees was reduced, and seniority rules in appointing chairs were changed. Before Gingrich or "BG" the chair of a committee was usually the longest serving member of the majority party, which for most of the 20th century was the Democrats. AG Congress, or Anno Gingrichy Congress, holds votes to choose the chairs. The Speaker has a lot of influence over who gets chosen on these votes, which happen more regularly because the Republicans also impose term limits on the committee chairs. Being able to offer chairmanships to loyal party members gives the Speaker a lot more influence over the committees themselves. The Speaker also increased his, or her - this is the first time we can say that, thanks Nancy Pelosi - power to refer bills to committee and act as gatekeeper. Gingrich also made changes to congressional staffing. But before we discuss the changes, let's spend a minute or two looking at Congressional staff in general. There are two types of congressional staff, the Staff Assistants that each Congressperson or Senator has to help her or him with the actual job of being a legislator, and the Staff Agencies that work for Congress as a whole. The staff of a Congressperson is incredibly important. Some staffers' job is to research and write legislation while others do case work, like responding to constituents' requests. Some staffers perform personal functions, like keeping track of a Congressperson's calendar, or most importantly making coffee - can we get a staffer in here? As Congresspeople spend more and more time raising money, more and more of the actual legislative work is done by staff. In addition to the individual staffers, Congress as a whole has specialized staff agencies that are supposed to be more independent. You may have heard of these agencies, or at least some of them. The Congressional Research Service is supposed to perform unbiased factual research for Congresspeople and their staff to help them in the process of writing the actual bills. The Government Accountability Office is a branch of Congress that can investigate the finances and administration of any government administrative office. The Congressional Budget Office assesses the likely costs and impact of legislation. When the CBO looks at the cost of a particular bill it's called "scoring the bill." The Congressional reforms after 1994 generally increased the number of individual staff and reduced the staff of the staff agencies. This means that more legislation comes out of the offices of individual Congresspeople. The last feature of Congress that I'm going to mention, briefly because their actual function and importance is nebulous, is the caucus system. These are caucuses in Congress, so don't confuse them with the caucuses that some states use to choose candidates for office, like the ones in Iowa. Caucuses are semi-formal groups of Congresspeople organized around particular identities or interests. Semi-formal in this case doesn't mean that they wear suits and ties, it means that they don't have official function in the legislative process. But you know what? Class it up a little - just try to look nice. The Congressional Black Caucus is made up of the African American members of the legislature. The Republican Study Group is the conservative caucus that meets to discuss conservative issues and develop legislative strategies. Since 2010 there is also a Tea Party caucus in Congress. There are also caucuses for very specific interests like the Bike Caucus that focuses on cycling. There should also be a Beard Caucus, shouldn't there? Is there a Beard Caucus Stan? No? What about an eagle punching caucus? The purpose of these caucuses is for like minded people to gather and discuss ideas. The caucuses can help members of Congress coordinate their efforts and also provide leadership opportunities for individual Congresspeople outside of the more formal structures of committees. There are a lot of terms and details to remember, but here's the big thing to take away: caucuses, congressional staff, and especially committees, all exist to make the process of lawmaking more efficient. In particular, committees and staff allow individual legislators to develop expertise; this is the theory anyway. Yes it's a theory. Committees also serve a political function of helping Congresspeople build an identity for voters that should help them get elected. In some ways this is just as important in the role in the process of making actual legislation. When Congress doesn't pass many laws, committee membership, or better yet, being a committee chair is one of the only ways that a Congressperson can distinguish him or herself. At least it gives you something more to learn about incumbents when you're making your voting choices. Thanks for watching. I'll see you next week. Crash Course is produced in association with PBS Digital Studios. Support for Crash Course US Government comes from Voqal. Voqal supports nonprofits that use technology and media to advance social equity. Learn more about their mission and initiatives at Crash Course is made with all of these lovely people. Thanks for watching. Staffer! Coffee! Please. Thank you.

Standing committees

As of 2017, there are 88 subsidiary bodies of the US Senate: 16 standing committees with 67 subcommittees, and five non-standing committees.

Committee Chair Ranking Member Refs
Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Debbie Stabenow (D-MI) John Boozman (R-AR) [1][2]
Commodities, Risk Management and Trade Tina Smith (D-MN) Cindy Hyde-Smith (R-MS) [3]
Conservation, Climate, Forestry and Natural Resources Michael Bennet (D-CO) Roger Marshall (R-KS)
Food and Nutrition, Specialty Crops, Organics and Research John Fetterman (D-PA) Mike Braun (R-IN)
Livestock, Dairy, Poultry, Local Food Systems and Food Safety and Security Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY) John Hoeven (R-ND)
Rural Development and Energy Pete Welch (D-VT) Tommy Tuberville (R-AL)
Appropriations Patty Murray (D-WA) Susan Collins (R-ME) [1][2]
Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration and Related Agencies Martin Heinrich (D-NM) John Hoeven (R-ND) [4]
Commerce, Justice, Science and Related Agencies Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH) Jerry Moran (R-KS)
Defense Jon Tester (D-MT) Susan Collins (R-ME)
Energy and Water Development Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) John Kennedy (R-LA)
Financial Services and General Government Chris Van Hollen (D-MD) Bill Hagerty (R-TN)
Homeland Security Chris Murphy (D-CT) Katie Britt (R-AL)
Interior, Environment and Related Agencies Jeff Merkley (D-OR) Lisa Murkowski (R-AK)
Labor, Health and Human Services, Education and Related Agencies Tammy Baldwin (D-WI) Shelley Moore Capito (R-WV)
Legislative Branch Jack Reed (D-RI) Deb Fischer (R-NE)
Military Construction, Veterans Affairs and Related Agencies Patty Murray (D-WA) John Boozman (R-AR)
State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs Chris Coons (D-DE) Lindsey Graham (R-SC)
Transportation, Housing and Urban Development and Related Agencies Brian Schatz (D-HI) Cindy Hyde-Smith (R-MS)
Armed Services Jack Reed (D-RI) Roger Wicker (R-MS) [1][2]
Airland Mark Kelly (D-AZ) Tom Cotton (R-AR) [5]
Cybersecurity Joe Manchin (D-WV) Mike Rounds (R-SD)
Emerging Threats and Capabilities Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY) Joni Ernst (R-IA)
Personnel Elizabeth Warren (D-MA) Rick Scott (R-FL)
Readiness and Management Support Mazie Hirono (D-HI) Dan Sullivan (R-AK)
Seapower Tim Kaine (D-VA) Kevin Cramer (R-ND)
Strategic Forces Angus King (I-ME) Deb Fischer (R-NE)
Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Sherrod Brown (D-OH) Tim Scott (R-SC) [1][2]
Economic Policy Elizabeth Warren (D-MA) John Kennedy (R-LA) [6]
Financial Institutions and Consumer Protection Raphael Warnock (D-GA) Thom Tillis (R-NC)
Housing, Transportation and Community Development Tina Smith (D-MN) Cynthia Lummis (R-WY)
National Security and International Trade and Finance Mark Warner (D-VA) Bill Hagerty (R-TN)
Securities, Insurance and Investment Bob Menendez (D-NJ) Mike Rounds (R-SD)
Budget Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI) Chuck Grassley (R-IA)[7] [1][2]
Commerce, Science and Transportation Maria Cantwell (D-WA) Ted Cruz (R-TX) [1][2]
Aviation Safety, Operations and Innovation Tammy Duckworth (D-IL) Jerry Moran (R-KS) [8]
Communications, Media and Broadband Ben Ray Luján (D-NM) John Thune (R-SD)
Consumer Protection, Product Safety and Data Security John Hickenlooper (D-CO) Marsha Blackburn (R-TN)
Oceans, Fisheries, Climate Change and Manufacturing Tammy Baldwin (D-WI) Dan Sullivan (R-AK)
Space and Science Kyrsten Sinema (I-AZ) Eric Schmitt (R-MO)
Surface Transportation, Maritime, Freight and Ports Gary Peters (D-MI) Todd Young (R-IN)
Tourism, Trade and Export Promotion Jacky Rosen (D-NV) Ted Budd (R-NC)
Energy and Natural Resources Joe Manchin (D-WV) John Barrasso (R-WY) [1][2]
Energy Mazie Hirono (D-HI) John Hoeven (R-ND) [9]
National Parks Angus King (I-ME) Steve Daines (R-MT)
Public Lands, Forests and Mining Catherine Cortez Masto (D-NV) Mike Lee (R-UT)
Water and Power Ron Wyden (D-OR) Cindy Hyde-Smith (R-MS)
Environment and Public Works Tom Carper (D-DE) Shelley Moore Capito (R-WV) [1][2]
Chemical Safety, Waste Management, Environmental Justice and Regulatory Oversight Jeff Merkley (D-OR) Markwayne Mullin (R-OK) [10]
Clean Air, Climate and Nuclear Safety Ed Markey (D-MA) Pete Ricketts (R-NE)
Fisheries, Water and Wildlife Alex Padilla (D-CA) Cynthia Lummis (R-WY)
Transportation and Infrastructure Mark Kelly (D-AZ) Kevin Cramer (R-ND)
Finance Ron Wyden (D-OR) Mike Crapo (R-ID) [1][2]
Energy, Natural Resources and Infrastructure Debbie Stabenow (D-MI) James Lankford (R-OK) [11]
Fiscal Responsibility and Economic Growth Maggie Hassan (D-NH) Chuck Grassley (R-IA)
Health Care Ben Cardin (D-MD) Steve Daines (R-MT)
International Trade, Customs and Global Competitiveness Tom Carper (D-DE) John Cornyn (R-TX)
Social Security, Pensions and Family Policy Sherrod Brown (D-OH) Thom Tillis (R-NC)
Taxation and IRS Oversight Michael Bennet (D-CO) John Thune (R-SD)
Foreign Relations TBD Jim Risch (R-ID) [1][2]
Africa and Global Health Policy Cory Booker (D-NJ) Tim Scott (R-SC) [12]
East Asia, the Pacific and International Cybersecurity Policy Chris Van Hollen (D-MD) Mitt Romney (R-UT)
Europe and Regional Security Cooperation Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH) Pete Ricketts (R-NE)
Multilateral International Development, Multilateral Institutions and International Economic, Energy and Environmental Policy Tammy Duckworth (D-IL) John Barrasso (R-WY)
Near East, South Asia, Central Asia and Counterterrorism Chris Murphy (D-CT) Todd Young (R-IN)
State Department and USAID Management, International Operations and Bilateral International Development Ben Cardin (D-MD) Bill Hagerty (R-TN)
Western Hemisphere, Transnational Crime, Civilian Security, Democracy, Human Rights and Global Women's Issues Tim Kaine (D-VA) Marco Rubio (R-FL)
Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Bernie Sanders (I-VT) Bill Cassidy (R-LA) [1][2]
Children and Families Bob Casey (D-PA) Tommy Tuberville (R-AL) [13]
Employment and Workplace Safety John Hickenlooper (D-CO) Mike Braun (R-IN)
Primary Health and Retirement Security Ed Markey (D-MA) Roger Marshall (R-KS)
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Gary Peters (D-MI) Rand Paul (R-KY) [1][2]
Emerging Threats and Spending Oversight Maggie Hassan (D-NH) Mitt Romney (R-UT) [14]
Government Operations and Border Management Kyrsten Sinema (I-AZ) James Lankford (R-OK)
Investigations (Permanent) Richard Blumenthal (D-CT) Ron Johnson (R-WI)
Judiciary Dick Durbin (D-IL) Lindsey Graham (R-SC) [1][2]
Competition Policy, Antitrust and Consumer Rights Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) Mike Lee (R-UT) [15]
The Constitution Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) Ted Cruz (R-TX)
Criminal Justice and Counterterrorism Cory Booker (D-NJ) Tom Cotton (R-AR)
Federal Courts, Oversight, Agency Action and Federal Rights Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI) John Kennedy (R-LA)
Human Rights and the Law Jon Ossoff (D-GA) Marsha Blackburn (R-TN)
Immigration, Citizenship and Border Safety Alex Padilla (D-CA) John Cornyn (R-TX)
Intellectual Property Chris Coons (D-DE) Thom Tillis (R-NC)
Privacy, Technology and the Law Richard Blumenthal (D-CT) Josh Hawley (R-MO)
Rules and Administration Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) Deb Fischer (R-NE) [1][2]
Small Business and Entrepreneurship Ben Cardin (D-MD) Joni Ernst (R-IA) [1][2]
Veterans' Affairs Jon Tester (D-MT) Jerry Moran (R-KS) [1][2]

Non-standing committees

There are five non-standing, select, or special committees, which are treated similarly to standing committees.[16]

Committee Chair Ranking Member Refs
Aging (Special) Bob Casey (D-PA) Mike Braun (R-IN) [1][2]
Ethics (Select) Chris Coons (D-DE) James Lankford (R-OK) [1][2]
Indian Affairs (Permanent Select) Brian Schatz (D-HI) Lisa Murkowski (R-AK) [1][2]
Intelligence (Select) Mark Warner (D-VA) Marco Rubio (R-FL) [1][2]
International Narcotics Control (Permanent Caucus) Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI) Chuck Grassley (R-IA) [17]

Committee classes

Senate committees are divided, according to relative importance, into three categories: Class A, Class B, and Class C. In general, individual Senators are limited to service on two Class A committees and one Class B committee. Assignment to Class C committees is made without reference to a member's service on any other panels.[18]

Standing committees

Standing committees are permanent bodies with specific responsibilities spelled out in the Senate's rules. Twelve of the sixteen current standing committees are Class A panels: Agriculture; Appropriations; Armed Services; Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs; Commerce, Science, and Transportation; Energy and Natural Resources; Environment and Public Works; Finance; Foreign Relations; Governmental Affairs; Judiciary; and Health, Education, Labor and Pensions.[citation needed]

There are four Class B standing committees: Budget, Rules and Administration, Small Business, and Veterans' Affairs. There are currently no Class C standing committees.[citation needed]

Other, select and special committees

Other (i.e., Indian Affairs), select and special committees are ranked as Class B or Class C committees. They are created for clearly specified purposes. There are currently two Class B committees: the Select Committee on Intelligence and the Special Committee on Aging, and two Class C committees: the Select Committee on Indian Affairs and the Select Committee on Ethics.[citation needed]

Joint committees

Joint Committees are used for purposes of legislative and administrative coordination. At present there are four: the Joint Economic Committee (Class B), the Joint Committee on the Library (Class C), the Joint Committee on Printing (Class C), and the Joint Committee on Taxation (Class C).[citation needed]


Standing committees in the Senate have their jurisdiction set by three primary sources: Senate Rules, ad hoc Senate Resolutions, and Senate Resolutions related to committee funding. To see an overview of the jurisdictions of standing committees in the Senate, see Standing Rules of the United States Senate, Rule XXV.

Party leadership

Each party determines their committees leads, who serve as chair in the majority and ranking member in the minority. The table below lists the tenure of when each member was selected for their current term as committee lead. The Republican party rules stipulate that their leads of standing committees may serve no more than three congressional terms (two years each) as chair or ranking member, unless the full party conference grants them a waiver to do so.[19] The current majority party is listed first for each committee.

Committee Party Lead Start Party
Aging (Special) Bob Casey January 3, 2017 Democratic
Mike Braun January 3, 2023 Republican
Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Debbie Stabenow January 3, 2011 Democratic
John Boozman January 3, 2021 Republican
Appropriations Patty Murray January 3, 2023 Democratic
Susan Collins January 3, 2023 Republican
Armed Services Jack Reed January 3, 2015 Democratic
Roger Wicker January 3, 2023 Republican
Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Sherrod Brown January 3, 2015 Democratic
Tim Scott January 3, 2023 Republican
Budget Sheldon Whitehouse January 3, 2023 Democratic
Chuck Grassley January 3, 2023 Republican
Commerce, Science and Transportation Maria Cantwell January 3, 2019 Democratic
Ted Cruz January 3, 2023 Republican
Energy and Natural Resources Joe Manchin January 3, 2019 Democratic
John Barrasso January 3, 2021 Republican
Environment and Public Works Tom Carper January 3, 2017 Democratic
Shelley Moore Capito January 3, 2021 Republican
Ethics (Select) Chris Coons January 3, 2017 Democratic
James Lankford December 19, 2019 Republican
Finance Ron Wyden February 12, 2014 Democratic
Mike Crapo January 3, 2021 Republican
Foreign Relations Vacant September 22, 2023 Democratic
Jim Risch January 3, 2019 Republican
Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Bernie Sanders January 3, 2023 Independent
Bill Cassidy January 3, 2023 Republican
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Gary Peters January 3, 2019 Democratic
Rand Paul January 3, 2023 Republican
Indian Affairs (Permanent Select) Brian Schatz January 3, 2021 Democratic
Lisa Murkowski January 3, 2021 Republican
Intelligence (Select) Mark Warner January 3, 2017 Democratic
Marco Rubio May 18, 2020 Republican
International Narcotics Control (Permanent Caucus) Sheldon Whitehouse January 3, 2021 Democratic
Chuck Grassley January 3, 2023 Republican
Judiciary Dick Durbin January 3, 2021 Democratic
Lindsey Graham January 3, 2023 Republican
Rules and Administration Amy Klobuchar January 3, 2017 Democratic
Deb Fischer January 3, 2023 Republican
Small Business and Entrepreneurship Ben Cardin February 6, 2018 Democratic
Joni Ernst January 3, 2023 Republican
Veterans' Affairs Jon Tester January 3, 2017 Democratic
Jerry Moran January 6, 2020 Republican

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Schumer, Chuck (January 26, 2023). "Majority Leader Schumer Announces Senate Democratic Committee Memberships For The 118th Congress". Senate Democratic Caucus. Retrieved February 15, 2023.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "McConnell Announces Senate Republican Committee Assignments for the 118th Congress". Retrieved February 15, 2023.
  3. ^ "Subcommittee rosters". United States Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry. February 4, 2021. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  4. ^ Murray, Patty; Collins, Susan (February 15, 2023). "Murray, Collins Announce Appropriations Subcommittees Leadership and Rosters for 118th Congress". United States Senate Committee on Appropriations. Retrieved February 15, 2023.
  5. ^ Reed, Jack; Wicker, Roger (February 7, 2023). "REED, WICKER ANNOUNCE SASC SUBCOMMITTEE ASSIGNMENTS FOR 118TH CONGRESS". United States Senate Committee on Armed Services. Retrieved February 15, 2023.
  6. ^ Brown, Sherrod; Scott, Timothy (March 1, 2021). "Chairman Brown and Ranking Member Scott Announce Banking and Housing Subcommittee Assignments for 118th Congress". United States Senate Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs. Retrieved February 15, 2023.
  7. ^ "Q&A: 118th Congress | U.S. Senator Chuck Grassley of Iowa".
  8. ^ "Subcommittees of the Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation for the 118th Congress". United States Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  9. ^ "Subcommittes". United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. Retrieved 15 February 2023.
  10. ^ Carper, Tom; Capito, Shelley Moore (February 9, 2023). "Carper, Capito Announce EPW Subcommittee Assignments for the 118th Congress". United States Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works. Retrieved February 15, 2023.
  11. ^ Wyden, Ron; Crapo, Mike (February 9, 2023). "Wyden, Crapo Announce Senate Finance Subcommittee Assignments". United States Senate Committee on Finance. Retrieved February 15, 2023.
  12. ^ "Membership and Jurisdiction of Subcommittees". United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  13. ^ Murray, Patty (March 2, 2021). "Senator Murray Announces HELP Subcommittee Assignments". United States Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  14. ^ Peters, Gary; Paul, Rand (February 9, 2023). "Dr. Paul, Peters Announce Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs and Subcommittee Membership". United States Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. Retrieved February 15, 2023.
  15. ^ Durbin, Dick; Grassley, Chuck (March 1, 2021). "Senate Judiciary Committee Announces Subcommittee Assignments for the 117th Congress". United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  16. ^ "Committees Home". United States Senate, at Retrieved November 2, 2011.
  17. ^ Cornyn, John (January 22, 2019). "Cornyn, Feinstein Appointed Chairs of Senate Narcotics Control Caucus". Retrieved February 8, 2019.
  18. ^ "Committee Assignment Process in the U.S. Senate: Democratic and Republican Party Procedures" (PDF). CRS Report for Congress. Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
  19. ^ "The 117 Congress: History, Rules, and Precedents the Senate Republican Conference" (PDF). Senate Republican Conference. Retrieved February 20, 2023. IV.B. Standing Committee Chair/Ranking Member Term Limits (1) A Senator shall serve no more than six years, cumulatively, as chairman of the same standing committee. This limitation shall not preclude a Senator from serving for six years, cumulatively, as chairman of other committees, in series, if the Senator's seniority and election by committee members provides the opportunity for such additional service. (2) Service as ranking member shall also be limited to six years, cumulatively, in the same pattern as described in (1) above. Time served as ranking member shall not be counted as time served as chairman. Once a Senator has completed six years as chairman of a committee, there will be no further opportunity for that Senator to serve as ranking member of that same committee if control of the Senate shifts and Republicans go into the minority. The opportunity for service as ranking member, outlined in (2) above, takes place either before or in interruption of the Senator's six-year term as chairman, not after.

External links

This page was last edited on 23 September 2023, at 05:22
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.