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List of crewed lunar landers

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of designs for crewed lunar landers, that is to say a spacecraft intended to land on the Moon, and for inclusiveness the designs meant to ascend are included also. A key aspect is achieving a soft landing, and for an ascent stage to successfully escape the Moon's surface gravity.[1] Another aspect is how many stages the design has to achieve its objective, and the number of passengers and amount of payload it can haul.[1]

Name Manufacturer Operator (operational timeline) Crew Amount Cargo Mass Status Image
Altair Northrop Grumman NASA 4 Canceled
Altair-Lander (latest).jpg
Apollo Lunar Module Grumman NASA (1969–1972) 2 Retired
Boeing Lunar Lander Boeing Boeing, NASA Rejected [1]
Dynetics HLS Dynetics Dynetics, NASA 2-4 Rejected [2]
Integrated Lander Vehicle Blue Origin, Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman, Draper Laboratory Blue Origin, Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman, Draper Laboratory, NASA 2 Rejected [3]
LK RSC Energia/Yuzhnoye Design Office Soviet Union 1 Canceled
LK-3 lunar lander engineering test unit.jpg
Lockheed Martin Lunar Lander Lockheed Martin Lockheed Martin, NASA 4 Proposed [4]
Starship SpaceX SpaceX Planned [5]
Starship HLS SpaceX NASA, SpaceX 4 Planned [6]

See also


  1. ^ a b "NASA studying three-stage approach to human-class lunar landers". 2018-11-20. Retrieved 2019-11-08.

External links

This page was last edited on 31 May 2021, at 21:22
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