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List of countries by southernmost point

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of countries by southernmost point on land. Where borders are contested, the southernmost point under the control of a nation is listed, excluding points within Antarctica and its outlying islands south of 60°S. A selection of dependent territories is listed, but not ranked.

Rank Country Southernmost point Latitude
 Antarctica South Pole 90°00'S
Antarctic Circle 66°33′39"S
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (administered by the United Kingdom, claimed by Argentina) Southern Thule 59°42'S
1  Chile Águila Islet, Diego Ramírez Islands
Cape Froward (mainland)
2  Argentina Southernmost point of Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego
Monte Dinero (mainland)
3  Australia Bishop and Clerk Islets
South East Cape (Tasmania)
South Point (mainland)
 Bouvet Island Larsøya 54°27'S
 Falkland Islands Beauchene Island 52°53'S
4  New Zealand Jacquemart Island
Slope Point (South Island)
 French Southern and Antarctic Lands (Except Antarctica) Îles de Boynes, Kerguelen 50°01'S
5  South Africa Marion Island, Prince Edward Islands
Cape Agulhas (mainland)
6  Uruguay Isla de Lobos
Punta del Este (mainland)
7  Brazil Border with Uruguay, Rio Grande do Sul, just north of Barra del Chuy (Uruguay) 33°45'S
8  Lesotho Quthing District 30°40'S
9  Namibia near Onseepkans 28°58'S
 French Polynesia Southern Rock, Marotiri 27°55'S
10  Paraguay Yacyretá Island 27°43'S
11  Eswatini (Swaziland) near Lavumisa 27°19'S
12  Botswana Bokspits 26°54'S
13  Mozambique Coastal border with South Africa near Zitundo 26°52'S
14  Madagascar Cape Vohimena 25°37'S
Tropic of Capricorn 23°26′21″S
15  Bolivia Border with Chile, Sur Lípez Province 22°54'S
16  Zimbabwe Mozambique/South Africa/Zimbabwe tripoint 22°25'S
17  France Saint-Joseph, Réunion 22°23'S
18  Tonga ʻAta Island 22°21'S
19  Fiji Ceva-I-Ra atoll 21°44'S
20  Mauritius Near Souillac 20°32'S
21  Vanuatu Anatom 20°15'S
22  Peru Border with Chile on the Pacific coast of Tacna Province 18°21'S
23  Zambia Border with Zimbabwe, Kalomo District 18°05'S
24  Angola Border with Namibia near Dirico, Cuando Cubango Province 18°02'S
25  Malawi Nsanje District 17°07'S
 American Samoa Rose Atoll 14°34'S
26  Samoa Nu'ulua Island 14°04'S
27  Democratic Republic of the Congo Haut-Katanga Province 13°27'S
28  Comoros Île Canzouni, Mohéli 12°25'S
29  Solomon Islands East Rennell, Rennell Island 11º47'S
30  Papua New Guinea Vanatinai
near Suau, Samarai-Murua District (mainland)
31  Tanzania Border with Mozambique, south of Ligunga in Namtumbo District 11°45'S
32  Kiribati Flint Island, Line Islands 11°26'S
33  Indonesia Pamana Island 11°00'S
34  Tuvalu Niulakita 10°48'S
35  Seychelles Goëlettes Island, Farquhar Atoll 10°13'S
36  East Timor Border with Indonesia near Bisae Súnan, Passabe Subdistrict, Oecusse 09°30'S
 Tokelau Fenua Loa, Fakaofo 09°21'S
 British Indian Ocean Territory Southern tip of Diego Garcia 07°26'S
37  Republic of the Congo Coastal border with Cabinda Province, Angola, Pointe-Noire Department 05°02'S
38  Ecuador Border with Peru, Chinchipe Canton 05°00'S
39  Kenya Coastal border with Tanzania, near Lunga Lunga, Kwale County 04°43'S
40  Burundi Border with Tanzania at Colline Chibumba, near Mugina 04°28'S
41  Colombia Quebrada de San Antonio near Leticia, Amazonas 04°14'S
42  Gabon Coastal border with Republic of Congo, Haute-Banio Department 03°59'S
43  Rwanda Border with Burundi, Nyaruguru District, southwest of Butare 02°51'S
44  Somalia Border with Kenya at Chiamboni, Badhadhe District 01°40'S
45  Uganda Border with Tanzania, Kabale District 01°29'S
46  Equatorial Guinea Adams Islet, south of Annobón 01°28'S
47  Maldives Gan Island in Addu Atoll 00°42'S
48  Nauru Nauru International Airport, Yaren 00°33'S
49  São Tomé and Príncipe Ilhéu das Rolas 00°01'S
Equator 00°00′00″
50  Venezuela Border with Brazil, Río Negro Municipality, Amazonas 00°40'N
51  Malaysia Border with Indonesia to the southeast of Tebedu, Sarawak 00°51'N
52  Federated States of Micronesia Kapingamarangi 01°01'N
53  Singapore Pulau Satumu 01°09'N
54  Guyana Border with Brazil near Wai-Wai, Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo Region 01°11'N
55  Cameroon Border with Republic of Congo, Boumba-et-Ngoko Department, just north of Ouésso (Congo) 01°39'N
56  Suriname Border with Brazil, Coeroeni 01°50'N
 French Guiana Border with Brazil, Maripasoula 02°06'N
57  Central African Republic Central African Republic/Republic of Congo/Cameroon tripoint, Sangha-Mbaéré 02°13'N
58  Palau Transit Reef, Hatohobei 02°47'N
59  Ethiopia Border with Kenya east of Moyale, Borena Zone 03°24'N
60  South Sudan Border with Uganda south of Nimule 03°29'N
61  Brunei Border with Malaysia, Melilas 04°00'N
62  Nigeria Cape Formoso, Brass, Bayelsa State 04°17'N
63  Liberia Cape Palmas 04°21'N
64  Côte d'Ivoire Coastal border with Liberia 04°22'N
65  Marshall Islands Ebon Atoll 04°34'N
66  Philippines Saluag Island, Sibutu, Tawi-Tawi province 04°35'N
67  Ghana Cape Three Points, Western Region 04°44'N
68  Costa Rica Cocos Island
border with Panama at Punta Burica (mainland)
69  Thailand Border with Malaysia in Yarom, Betong District, Yala Province 05°37'N
70  United States Palmyra Island ("incorporated Territory")[note 1][note 2]
Ka Lae, Hawaii (50 states)
Cape Sable, Florida (contiguous states)
71  Sri Lanka Dondra Head 05°55'N
72  Togo Lomé 06°07'N
73  Benin Grand-Popo, Mono Department 06°14'N
74  India Indira Point, Great Nicobar, Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Kanyakumari (Cape Comorin) (mainland)
75  Sierra Leone Coastal border with Liberia southeast of Sulima, Pujehun District 06°56'N
76  Panama Punta Mariato, Cerro Hoya National Park, Veraguas 07°11'N
77  Guinea Border with Liberia on River Mani at Bignamou, Yomou Prefecture 07°12'N
78  Chad Border with Central African Republic near Deng, Logone Oriental Region 07°27'N
79  Vietnam Amboyna Cay (disputed)
Hon Sao Island
Cape Cà Mau (mainland)
80  Sudan Including Kafia Kingi[note 3]
border with South Sudan south of Kurmuk, Blue Nile State
81  China (James Shoal, claimed 03°58'N) Cuarteron Reef (disputed)
Southern tip of Hainan (undisputed)
Hai'an, Guangdong (mainland)
82  Burkina Faso Border with Côte d'Ivoire, Kpuere, Noumbiel Province 09°24'N
83  Myanmar Christie Island, Myeik Kyunzu
Kawthaung (mainland)
84  Cambodia Koh Puolo Wai
border with Vietnam, Kampot Province (mainland)
85  Trinidad and Tobago Icacos, Siparia region, Trinidad Island 10°03'N
86  Mali Border with Côte d'Ivoire southeast of Manankoro, Bougouni Cercle 10°09'N
87  Taiwan Taiping Island (disputed)
Pratas Island (disputed)
Cape Eluanbi, Kenting National Park (undisputed/mainland)
88  Nicaragua Trinidad, Río San Juan 10°43'N
89  Guinea-Bissau João Vieira and Poilão Marine National Park
Headland in Cacine, Tombali Region, opposite the coast of Tristan Island (Guinea) (mainland)
90  Djibouti Border with Ethiopia southwest of As Eyla 10°56'N
91  Niger Benin/Niger/Nigeria tripoint 11°42'N
 Curaçao Klein Curaçao 11°59'N
92  Grenada Glover Island, Saint George Parish 11°59'N
93  Netherlands Willemstoren Lighthouse, Bonaire 12°01'N
94  Yemen Darsah Island, Socotra archipelago
south of Al Bahiya, Al Madaribah Wa Al Arah District, Lahij Governorate (mainland)
95  Senegal Border with Guinea south of Dindefelo, Kédougou Region 12°18'N
96  Eritrea Border with Djibouti, Southern Denkalya Subregion, southwest of the town of Dadda'to (Djibouti) 12°22'N
97  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Petit Saint Vincent 12°32'N
98  Honduras Pacific coast border with Nicaragua, Choluteca Department 12°59'N
99  Gambia Coastal border with Senegal near Kartung, Kombo South 13°02'N
100  Barbados South Point, Silver Sands, Christ Church Parish 13°03'N
101  El Salvador El Jaguey, La Unión 13°09'N
102  Saint Lucia Moule a Chique, near Vieux Fort 13°42'N
103  Guatemala Border with El Salvador near Garita Chapina, Jutiapa Department 13°44'N
104  Laos Border with Cambodia near Veun Kham, Khong District, Champasak Province 13°55'N
105  Mexico Coastal border with Guatemala at the mouth of the Río Suchiate, Chiapas 14°32'N
106  Mauritania Border with Senegal at the junction of the Karakoro River and Sénégal Rivers, Guidimaka Region 14°43'N
107  Cape Verde Headland southeast of Tantum, Ilha Brava 14°48'N
108  Dominica Coast southeast of Scotts Head 15°12'N
109  Belize Southwestern border with Guatemala near Chocon (Guatemala) 15°53'N
110  Saudi Arabia Border with Yemen south of Muwassam, Jizan Province (mainland) 16°23'N
111  Oman Coastal border with Yemen, Dhofar Governorate 16°39'N
 Montserrat Old Fort Point, Soufrière Hills Exclusion Zone 16°40'N
112  Antigua and Barbuda Redonda Island 16°56'N
113  Saint Kitts and Nevis Devil's Cave, Saint John Figtree Parish, Nevis 17°06'N
114  Dominican Republic Alto Velo Island, Jaragua National Park
south of Oviedo, Pedernales in Jaragua National Park (mainland)
115  Jamaica Portland Point 17°42'N
116  Haiti South of Torbeck, Les Cayes Arrondissement 18°01'N
117  Algeria Border with Mali, Tin Zaouatine Commune 18°58'N
118  Libya Chad/Libya/Sudan tripoint 19°30'N
119  Cuba East of Cape Cruz, Desembarco del Granma National Park, Granma 19°50'N
120  Japan Okino Torishima Island
Ishigaki Island (southernmost inhabited point)
Cape Sata (four main Islands)
121  Bangladesh Chera Dwip, St. Martin's Island
border with Myanmar at Dakhinpara, Teknaf Upazila, Chittagong Division (mainland)
Western Sahara Cape Blanc (Ras Nouadibhou) 20°47'N
122  Morocco* Moroccan Western Sahara Wall (disputed)
Border with Western Sahara (undisputed)
123  Bahamas Southeast of Matthew Town, Great Inagua Island 20°55'N
124  Egypt Jebel Bartazuga, Bir Tawil (disputed)
border with Sudan
125  United Arab Emirates Umm Al Zumul, Empty Quarter Emirate 22°38'N
Tropic of Cancer 23°26′21″N
126  Pakistan Keti Bunder South Wildlife Sanctuary, Sindh 23°42'N
127  Qatar Border with Saudi Arabia, close to Qatar-UAE Road 24°28'N
128  Iran Pasabandar, Sistan va Baluchestan Region 25°04'N
129  Bahrain Hawar Islands 25°34"N
130    Nepal Border with India near Biratnagar 26°22'N
131  Bhutan Border with India 26°43'N
132  Spain El Hierro, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands
Punta de Tarifa, Tarifa, Province of Cádiz, Andalusia (mainland)
133  Kuwait Border with Saudi Arabia 28°32'N
134  Iraq Border with Saudi Arabia 29°04'N
135  Jordan Intersection of Amman-Tabuk railway with Jordan/border with Saudi Arabia 29°11'N
136  Afghanistan Border with Pakistan 29°23'N
137  Israel Near Elat, Hadarom, Red Sea 29°30'N
138  Portugal Ilhéu de Fora, Madeira
Cabo de Santa Maria, Faro, Algarve (mainland)
139  Tunisia Algeria/Libya/Tunisia tripoint 30°15'N
140  Syria Border with Jordan 32°19'N
141  Lebanon Border with Israel 33°03'N
142  South Korea Marado, Seogwipo, Jeju Province
Ttangkkeut, Haenam County, South Jeolla Province (mainland)
143  Cyprus Cape Gata 34°34'N
144  Greece Gavdos, Crete
Cape Tenaro, East Mani, Laconia, Peloponnese (mainland)
145  Turkmenistan Border with Afghanistan 35°09'N
146  Italy Lampedusa Island, Sicily
Capo Spartivento, Brancaleone, Province of Reggio Calabria, Calabria (mainland)
147  Malta Delimara Point, Marsaxlokk 35°47'N
148  Turkey Border with Syria, Hatay Region 35°49'N
149  Tajikistan Border with Afghanistan 36°40'N
150  Uzbekistan Afghanistan/Tajikistan/Uzbekistan tripoint 37°11'N
151  North Korea Cape Tungsan, Kangryong 37°40'N
152  Azerbaijan Border with Iran 38°24'N
153  Armenia Border with Iran 38°50'N
154  Kyrgyzstan Border with Tajikistan 39°10'N
155  Albania Border with Greece, Sarandë Region 39°39'N
156  Kazakhstan Border with Uzbekistan 40°34'N
157  North Macedonia Border with Greece 40°52'N
158  Georgia Border with Azerbaijan 41°03'N
159  Russia Border with Azerbaijan, Dagestan 41°11'N
160  Bulgaria Border with Greece, Mount Veykata, Kardzhali Province 41°15'N
 France (Metropolian France) Lavezzi Islands
Puig de Comanegra (mainland)
161  Mongolia Border with China 41°34'N
162  Canada Middle Island, Ontario (Lake Erie)
Point Pelee (mainland)
163  Serbia including Kosovo[note 4]
excluding Kosovo
164  Montenegro Ada Bojana Island, Ulcinj municipality 41°51'N
165   Vatican City Border with Italy 41°54'N
166  Croatia Islet Galijula in Adriatic Sea 42°23'N
167  Andorra Border with Spain 42°26'N
168  Bosnia and Herzegovina Trebinje; near border with Montenegro 42°34'N
169  Romania Border with Bulgaria, Teleorman County 43°38'N
170  Monaco Fontvieille; coast at border with France 43°44'N
171  San Marino Border with Italy 43°54'N
172  Ukraine Kiliya Raion
Foros, Crimea (disputed)
173  Slovenia Border with Croatia 45°25'N
174  Moldova Giurgiuleşti: Moldova/Romania/Ukraine tripoint 45°28'N
175  Hungary Border with Croatia, Beremend 45°45'N
176   Switzerland Border with Italy, Pedrinate, Ticino 45°50'N
177  Austria Border with Slovenia, Carinthia 46°23'N
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Pierre Island 46°45'N
178  Liechtenstein Border with Switzerland 47°03'N
179  Germany Border with Austria, Bavaria 47°17'N
180  Slovakia Border with Hungary, Patince 47°44'N
181  Czech Republic Border with Austria near Vyšší Brod 48°33'N
182  Poland Border with Ukraine at Opołonek peak 49°00'N
183  Luxembourg Border with France 49°27'N
184  Belgium Border with France, Torgny, municipality of Rouvroy, Luxembourg, Wallonia 49°30'N
185  United Kingdom Pednathise Head, Scilly Isles
Lizard Point (mainland)
 England Pednathise Head, Scilly Isles 49°52'N
 Netherlands (European Netherlands) border with Belgium south of Kuttingen, Gulpen-Wittem 50°45'
186  Belarus Nizhnie Zhary, Brahin District, Gomel Region 51°15'N
187  Ireland Fastnet Rock, County Cork
Brow Head (mainland)
 Wales Flat Holm 51°23'N
188  Lithuania Border with Belarus, Lazdijai 53°54'N
 Northern Ireland Cranfield Point 54°01'N
189  Denmark Falster, Guldborgsund Kommune 54°34'N
 Scotland Mull of Galloway 54°38'N
190  Sweden Smygehuk, Skåne, east of Trelleborg 55°20'N
191  Latvia Murani, Daugavpils Region; Belarus/Latvia/Lithuania tripoint 55°40'N
192  Estonia Border with Latvia, Karisöödi village, Mõniste Parish, Võru County 57°31'N
193  Norway Pysen, Mandal region
Lindesnes (mainland)
 Greenland Islet 2.3 km south of Cape Farewell
194  Finland Bogskär in Föglö municipality, Åland
Tulliniemi in Hanko (mainland)
 Faroe Islands Munkurin 61°20'N
195  Iceland Surtsey Island
Kötlutangi (mainland)
Arctic Circle 66°33′39″N


  1. ^ Like the District of Columbia, incorporated territories are officially integral parts of the United States, unlike unincorporated territories which are mere possessions or appurtenances, according to the United States Supreme Court, so the incorporated U.S. Territory of Palmyra Island is technically the southernmost part of the United States of America. See the Insular Cases.
  2. ^ The Stewart Islands (now called Sikaiana) were ceded to the Kingdom of Hawaii in 1856 and later included in the Republic of Hawaii, which was annexed by the United States in 1900 as the Territory of Hawaii, an incorporated territory. The Solomon Islands currently exercises de facto sovereignty over Sikaiana, but the natives have claimed that it is legally a territory of the United States as the successor of the Kingdom of Hawaii. The issue has not been litigated, but if so, then Sikaiana, at 8°22′43″ South latitude, would be an incorporated territory farther south than U.S. Territory of Palmyra Island and thus technically the southernmost part of the United States of America.
  3. ^ Sudan occupies an area internationally regarded as part of South Sudan around the town of Kafia Kingi. The second listing for Sudan is the southernmost point of the internationally recognised border.
  4. ^ Kosovo and Metohija is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 97 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 112 UN member states recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 15 later withdrew their recognition.
This page was last edited on 22 April 2020, at 18:15
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