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List of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Countries by number of active soldiers (2009)
Countries by number of active soldiers (2009)

This is a list of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel. It includes any government-sponsored soldiers used to further the domestic and foreign policies of their respective government. The term "country" is used in its most common use, in the sense of state which exercises sovereignty or has limited recognition.

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Transcription

We have compiled data from militaries around the world to find out who the current top 10 most powerful are. Our list takes into account different factors, including each nation’s potential war-making capability across land, sea and air, as well as its resources and finances. 10. ITALY The Italian military has become more robust in recent decades. This is in part due to the country's possession of two active aircraft carriers, which places Italy fourth in the world in terms of aircraft carrier rankings and allows them to operate in any part of the world. Elsewhere in the sea, Italy has six submarines, 13 frigates, 5 corvettes and 4 destroyers, making it the 9th largest navy in the world. They posses the Bergamini class ‘FREMM’ multipurpose frigate, built for anti-submarine and anti-aircraft defense. Only three other countries possess these types of warcraft. Since the second world war, the Italian armed forces have become more and more engaged in international United Nations peace support operations in many countries around the world, including Lebanon, Iraq and Afghanistan. 9. GERMANY The modern German armed forces, or Bundeswehr [boon-des-vair], were created just ten years after the end of World War II. The Bundeswehr eventually grew to be a very well-equipped army, with a whole host of deadly weapons in its possession, including the Eurofighter Typhoon, which has excellent maneuverability, powerful engines, infra-red search and sidewinder missiles. Germany’s navy is quite small by comparison, with no aircraft carriers and just five submarines. However, in March 2015, the Merkel government announced a 6.2% increase in the defense budget for the German military over the next five years, which provides for an additional $8.5 billion to its current budget of $33 billion by 2019. 8. TURKEY Turkey’s large manpower reserve with 410,500 active troops and 185,630 reserve troops gives it a powerful advantage on land. It also lays claim to an impressively large tank fleet - with 3,778 - as well as numerous aircraft and attack helicopters. Turkey's military also uses cutting-edge equipment, including some brought in from the US like the MGM-140 Army Tactical Missile System, which is capable of hitting targets 160 kilometers away. The Turkish army has 100 of them. The Turks also operate three US-made MQ-1 Predator drones, placing them just behind the US with the second highest number of these drones. When equipped with Hellfire missiles, MQ-1 Predators can pick out targets on the ground from 400 kilometers away. 7. JAPAN In absolute terms, the Japanese military is actually relatively small, with just 250,000 frontline personnel and 57,900 active reserve personnel. But despite this, the country is still extremely well equipped. It currently has 1,595 aircraft, making it the world's fifth largest air force. Included in this is the Type 3 Chū-SAM surface-to-air missile, which has a range of around 50 kilometers and an ability to engage with targets flying at an altitude of over 10 kilometers. Alongside this, Japan has the fourth largest submarine fleet in this list and three aircraft carriers, although these vessels are only equipped with helicopter fleets. In January 2016 Japan launched its first military satellite into space. It marked one of three planned satellites that will quadruple broadband capacity, unify an overburdened communications network, and allow communications across a wider range of territory. Later in 2016 Japan deployed their troops for the first time since WWII to South Sudan as part of UN peacekeeping missions. 6. THE UNITED KINGDOM Despite the fact that the UK is planning to reduce the size of its armed forces by 20% - from 102,000 to 82,000 between 2010 and 2018 - it is still very capable of projecting its power around the world. According to Professor Malcolm Chalmers, director of UK Defence Policy Studies at the renowned Royal United Services Institute, Britain could still hold an advantage over emerging powers like China, due to its superior training and equipment. This includes Britain’s special forces unit, the SAS, which former US military leader General David Petraeus [pa-tray-us] claims is the best special forces unit in the world and one that many other countries use as a template for their own. In terms of cyber warfare, Britain has GCHQ, an intelligence and security organization famed for its role in the breaking of German enigma codes during World War II. In the sea, The Royal Navy is planning to put the HMS Queen Elizabeth through trials in the summer of 2017, with the aim of putting it into service in 2020. This aircraft carrier can carry 40 F-35B joint strike fighters across the globe. 5. FRANCE In terms of ground force troops, the UK and French militaries look quite similar at first, with France leading by a difference of 50,000 because it has 205,000 active frontline personnel. But the real disparity is in fixed wing aircraft and fleet strength. In total, France has 1,282 aircraft to the UK’s 879. This includes 140 of the multirole fighter aircraft ‘The Dassault Rafale’ [da-so ra-fal], capable of carrying ASMP-A medium-range nuclear cruise missiles. As mentioned previously, the UK does not yet have an active aircraft carrier, whereas France has the Charles de Gaulle, which is the only nuclear-powered carrier outside of the United States Navy. In 2015 Charles de Gaulle was deployed twice to fight the Islamic State. France is also looking to expand its cyber warfare capabilities. In January 2017 Defence Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian [jon with a soft ‘j’ – eve le dree-on] said that the French military would host 2,600 "digital soldiers by 2019, with the support of an additional 600 cyber experts”. 4. INDIA In 2014 Britain’s ministry of defense projected a global scenario, which stated that by 2045 India could become a global military power with the third largest defense expenditure - pegged at 654 billion US dollars. As of 2015 India is the world's largest importer of military goods. It has ballistic missiles with a range capable of hitting all of Pakistan and most of China, and it has around 90-110 nuclear warheads. It also has two aircraft carriers, while Russia and China only have one each. In August 2016, India commissioned its first nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine, the INS Arihant, which has 12 K-15 missiles with a range of 750 km. Now armed with a nuclear triad, India’s armed forces are steadily undergoing modernization, investing in areas such as futuristic soldier systems and missile defense systems. 3. CHINA In the past few decades, the Chinese military has grown rapidly in terms of size and capability. With a population of 1.3 billion to draw from, China has over 2.3 million active personnel, with an additional 1.1 million as reserves and military police. So in terms of manpower, China has the biggest military in the world, but it is plagued by mobility problems. It still largely relies on trains for transportation across the mainland, as it has very few transport helicopters. As it stands in 2017, China has had unprecedented success with cyber warfare. In 2015 the US Office of Personnel Management announced that it had been the target of a data breach by the Chinese government who had targeted the records of as many as 21.5 million people. China also has innovating anti-space capabilities, although the US trumps it in terms of military action involving lethal force. 2. RUSSIA When Vladimir Putin came to power in 2000, the Russian army underwent a dramatic facelift. 17 years on, it’s bigger, stronger, and better equipped than at any time since the end of the Cold War. It has the world's largest tank fleet - with a staggering 15,400 tanks - and the second largest aircraft fleet, with 3,547 aircraft. The most popular of these is the USSR-made Sukhoi Su-27, which can carry up to eight air-to-air missiles. The world got a glimpse of Putin’s new army in 2014, when “little green men” with gleaming new uniforms and weapons annexed Crimea in a relatively bloodless but extremely efficient operation, which lasted just 24 days. However, Russia still lags far behind the United States in total power in terms of technology, with much of its vast arsenal still made up of aging Soviet-designed equipment. 1. UNITED STATES As of 2017 the land of the free has one of the largest militaries in the world, with 1,400,000 active personnel and 1,100,000 reserve personnel. Alongside its active ground force army, it is the world leader in aircraft production, with a total fleet of 19 aircraft carriers - that’s more than every other country on this list combined - which hold around 80 fighter jets each. But how can the US afford this? Well, it spends a whopping $600 billion annually to fund its military forces and Overseas Contingency Operations. The US also implements cutting-edge technology like the Navy’s new railgun, which can fire a projectile at around Mach 6 and has the potential to hit a target over 160 kilometers away. If that isn’t threatening enough, the US has 662 overseas bases in 38 foreign countries. So there you have 10 of the most powerful militaries in the world. Were there any you were surprised by? If you enjoyed this video, be sure to check out 10 countries you didn’t know were at war, playing on screen now.

Contents

Guide to the list

The list consists of columns that can be sorted by clicking on the appropriate title:

  • The names of the states, accompanied by their respective national flags.
  • The number of military personnel on active duty that are currently serving full-time in their military capacity.
  • The number of military personnel in the reserve forces that are not normally kept under arms, whose role is to be available to mobilize when necessary.
  • The number of personnel in paramilitary forces: armed units that are not considered part of a nation's formal military forces.
  • The total number of active, reserve, and paramilitary personnel.
  • The ratio per thousand inhabitants of total military (active, reserve, and paramilitary).
  • The ratio per thousand inhabitants of active military only.

As military forces around the world are constantly changing in size, no definitive list can ever be compiled.

Many of the 171 countries listed here, especially those with the highest number of total soldiers such as the two Koreas and Vietnam, include a large number of paramilitaries, civilians and policemen in their reserve personnel. Some countries, such as Italy and Japan, have only volunteers in their armed forces. Other countries, such as Mauritius and Panama, have no national armies, but only a paramilitary force.

List

The following list is sourced from the 2018 edition of "The Military Balance" published annually by the International Institute for Strategic Studies.

Flag Country Active military Reserve military Paramilitary Total Per 1000 capita
(total)
Per 1000 capita
(active)
Afghanistan Afghanistan[1] 174,300 0 148,700 323,000 9.5 5.1
Albania Albania[2] 8,000 0 500 8,500 2.8 2.6
Algeria Algeria[3] 130,000 150,000 187,200 467,200 11.4 3.2
Angola Angola[4] 107,000 0 10,000 117,000 4 3.7
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda[5] 180 80 0 260 2.7 1.9
Argentina Argentina[6] 74,200 0 31,250 105,450 2.4 1.7
Armenia Armenia[7][Note 1][Note 2] 44,800 210,000 4,300 259,100 85.1 14.7
Australia Australia[8] 57,800 21,100 0 78,900 3.4 2.5
Austria Austria[9][10] 22,400 152,200 25,000 199,600 22.8 2.6
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan[11] 66,950 300,000 15,000 381,950 38.3 6.7
The Bahamas Bahamas[12] 1,300 0 0 1,300 3.9 3.9
Bahrain Bahrain[13] 8,200 0 11,260 19,460 13.8 5.8
Bangladesh Bangladesh[14] 157,050 0 63,900 220,950 1.4 1
Barbados Barbados[15] 610 430 0 1,040 3.6 2.1
Belarus Belarus[16] 45,350 289,500 110,000 444,850 46.6 4.7
Belgium Belgium[17] 28,800 5,000 0 33,800 2.9 2.5
Belize Belize[18] 1,500 700 150 2,350 6.5 4.2
Benin Benin[19] 7,250 0 2,500 9,750 0.9 0.7
Bolivia Bolivia[20] 34,100 0 37,100 71,200 6.4 3.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina[21] 10,500 0 0 10,500 2.7 2.7
Botswana Botswana[22] 9,000 0 0 9,000 4.1 4.1
Brazil Brazil[23] 334,500 1,340,000 395,000 2,069,500 10 1.6
Brunei Brunei[24] 7,200 700 4,900 12,800 28.9 16.2
Bulgaria Bulgaria[25] 31,300 3,000 0 34,300 4.8 4.4
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso[26] 11,200 0 250 11,450 0.6 0.6
Burundi Burundi[27] 30,050 0 21,000 51,050 4.5 2.6
Cambodia Cambodia[28] 124,300 0 67,000 191,300 11.8 7.7
Cameroon Cameroon[29] 14,400 0 9,000 23,400 0.9 0.6
Canada Canada[30] 63,000 30,000 4,500 97,500 2.7 1.8
Cape Verde Cape Verde[31] 1,200 0 0 1,200 2.1 2.1
Central African Republic Central African Republic[32] 7,150 0 1,000 8,150 1.4 1.3
Chad Chad[33] 30,350 0 9,500 39,850 3.3 2.5
Chile Chile[34] 77,200 40,000 44,700 161,900 9.1 4.3
China China[35] 2,035,000 510,000 660,000 3,205,000 2.3 1.5
Colombia Colombia[36] 293,200 34,950 187,900 516,050 10.8 6.1
Costa Rica Costa Rica[37] 0 0 9,800 9,800 2 0
Ivory Coast Côte d'Ivoire[38] 25,400 0 0 25,400 1.1 1.1
Croatia Croatia[39] 15,650 0 3,000 18,650 4.3 3.6
Cuba Cuba[40][Note 3] 49,000 1,159,000 26,500 1,234,500 110.7 4.4
Cyprus Cyprus[41] 15,000 50,000 750 65,750 53.8 12.3
Czech Republic Czech Republic[42] 23,200 0 0 23,200 2.2 2.2
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo[43] 134,250 0 0 134,250 1.6 1.6
Denmark Denmark[44] 16,100 45,700 0 61,800 11 2.9
Djibouti Djibouti[45] 10,450 0 2,650 13,100 15.1 12.1
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic[46] 56,050 0 15,000 71,050 6.6 5.2
Ecuador Ecuador[47] 40,250 118,000 500 158,750 9.7 2.5
Egypt Egypt[48] 438,500 479,000 397,000 1,314,500 13.5 4.5
El Salvador El Salvador[49] 24,500 9,900 17,000 51,400 8.3 4
Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea[50] 1,450 0 0 1,450 1.9 1.9
Eritrea Eritrea[51] 201,750 120,000 0 321,750 54.8 34.4
Estonia Estonia[52] 6,600 12,000 15,800 34,400 27.5 5.3
Ethiopia Ethiopia[53] 138,000 0 0 138,000 1.3 1.3
Fiji Fiji[54] 3,500 6,000 0 9,500 10.3 3.8
Finland Finland[55][56][Note 4] 21,500 227,500 2,700 251,700 45.6 3.9
France France[57] 202,700 72,300 103,400 378,400 5.6 3
Gabon Gabon[58] 4,700 0 2,000 6,700 3.8 2.7
The Gambia Gambia[59] 800 0 0 800 0.4 0.4
Georgia (country) Georgia[60] 20,650 0 5,400 26,050 5.3 4.2
Germany Germany[61] 178,600 27,900 500 207,000 2.6 2.2
Ghana Ghana[62] 15,500 0 0 15,500 0.6 0.6
Greece Greece[63] 141,350 220,500 4,000 365,850 34 13.1
Guatemala Guatemala[64] 18,050 63,850 25,000 106,900 6.9 1.2
Guinea Guinea[65] 9,700 0 2,600 12,300 1 0.8
Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau[66] 4,450 0 0 4,450 2.5 2.5
Guyana Guyana[67] 3,400 670 0 4,070 5.5 4.6
Haiti Haiti[68] 150 0 50 200 0 0
Honduras Honduras[69] 14,950 60,000 8,000 82,950 9.2 1.7
Hungary Hungary[70] 27,800 44,000 12,000 83,800 8.5 2.8
Iceland Iceland[71] 0 0 250 250 0.7 0
India India[72] 1,395,100 2,096,000 1,585,950 5,077,050 4 1.1
Indonesia Indonesia[73] 395,500 400,000 280,000 1,075,500 4.1 1.5
Iran Iran[74][Note 5] 523,000 350,000 40,000 913,000 11.1 6.4
Iraq Iraq[75] 64,000 0 145,000 209,000 5.3 1.6
Republic of Ireland Ireland[76] 9,100 2,480 0 11,580 2.3 1.8
Israel Israel[77] 176,500 465,000 8,000 649,500 78.3 21.3
Italy Italy[78][Note 6] 174,500 18,300 182,350 375,150 6 2.8
Jamaica Jamaica[79] 3,950 980 0 4,930 1.6 1.3
Japan Japan[80] 247,150 56,000 13,740 316,890 2.5 2
Jordan Jordan[81] 100,500 100,000 15,000 215,500 21 9.8
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan[82] 39,000 0 31,500 70,500 3.8 2.1
Kenya Kenya[83] 24,100 0 5,000 29,100 0.6 0.5
Kosovo Kosovo[84] 2,500 800 0 3,300 1.7 1.3
Kuwait Kuwait[85] 15,500 23,700 7,100 46,300 16.1 5.4
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan[86] 10,900 0 9,500 20,400 3.5 1.9
Laos Laos[87] 29,100 0 100,000 129,100 18.1 4.1
Latvia Latvia[88] 5,310 7,850 0 13,160 6.8 2.7
Lebanon Lebanon[89] 60,000 0 20,000 80,000 12.8 9.6
Lesotho Lesotho[90] 2,000 0 0 2,000 1 1
Liberia Liberia[91] 2,100 0 0 2,100 0.4 0.4
Libya Libya[92][Note 7] 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lithuania Lithuania[93] 18,350 6,700 11,300 36,350 12.9 6.5
Luxembourg Luxembourg[94] 900 0 600 1,500 2.5 1.5
Madagascar Madagascar[95] 13,500 0 8,100 21,600 0.9 0.5
Malawi Malawi[96] 10,700 0 4,200 14,900 0.8 0.6
Malaysia Malaysia[97][Note 8] 109,000 296,300 24,600 429,900 13.7 3.5
Mali Mali[98] 10,000 0 7,800 17,800 1 0.6
Malta Malta[99] 1,950 180 0 2,130 5.1 4.7
Mauritania Mauritania[100] 15,850 0 5,000 20,850 5.5 4.2
Mauritius Mauritius[101] 0 0 2,550 2,550 1.9 0
Mexico Mexico[102] 277,150 81,500 58,900 417,550 3.4 2.2
Moldova Moldova[103] 5,150 58,000 2,400 65,550 18.9 1.5
Mongolia Mongolia[104] 9,700 137,000 7,500 154,200 50.3 3.2
Montenegro Montenegro[105] 1,950 0 10,100 12,050 18.8 3
Morocco Morocco[106] 195,800 150,000 50,000 395,800 11.6 5.8
Mozambique Mozambique[107] 11,200 0 0 11,200 0.4 0.4
Myanmar Myanmar[108] 406,000 0 107,250 513,250 9.3 7.4
Namibia Namibia[109] 9,900 0 6,000 15,900 6.4 4
Nepal Nepal[110] 96,600 0 62,000 158,600 5.4 3.3
Netherlands Netherlands[111] 35,410 4,660 5,900 45,970 2.7 2.1
New Zealand New Zealand[112] 9,000 2,300 0 11,300 2.5 2
Nicaragua Nicaragua[113] 12,000 0 0 12,000 2 2
Niger Niger[114] 5,300 0 5,400 10,700 0.6 0.3
Nigeria Nigeria[115] 118,000 0 82,000 200,000 1 0.6
North Korea North Korea[116][Note 9] 1,280,000 6,300,000 189,000 7,769,000 307.7 50.7
Norway Norway[117] 23,950 38,590 0 62,540 11.8 4.5
Oman Oman[118] 42,600 0 4,400 47,000 13.7 12.4
Pakistan Pakistan[119] 653,800 550,000 482,000 1,685,800 8.1 3.1
State of Palestine Palestine[120][Note 10] 0 0 0 0 0 0
Panama Panama[121] 0 0 22,050 22,050 5.9 0
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea[122] 3,600 0 0 3,600 0.5 0.5
Paraguay Paraguay[123] 10,650 164,500 14,800 189,950 27.4 1.5
Peru Peru[124] 81,000 188,000 77,000 346,000 11.1 2.6
Philippines Philippines[125] 125,000 181,000 40,500 346,500 3.3 1.2
Poland Poland[126] 105,000 0 73,400 178,400 4.6 2.7
Portugal Portugal[127] 30,500 211,950 44,000 286,450 26.4 2.8
Qatar Qatar[128] 11,800 0 5,000 16,800 7.3 5.1
Republic of Macedonia Republic of Macedonia[129] 8,000 4,850 7,600 20,450 9.7 3.8
Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo[130] 10,000 0 2,000 12,000 2.4 2
Romania Romania[131] 69,300 50,000 79,900 199,200 9.3 3.2
Russia Russia[132][Note 11] 900,000 2,000,000 554,000 3,454,000 24.3 6.3
Rwanda Rwanda[133] 33,000 0 2,000 35,000 2.9 2.8
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia[134] 227,000 0 24,500 251,500 8.8 7.9
Senegal Senegal[135] 13,600 0 5,000 18,600 1.3 0.9
Serbia Serbia[136] 28,150 50,150 3,700 82,000 11.5 4
Seychelles Seychelles[137] 420 0 0 420 4.5 4.5
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone[138] 8,500 0 0 8,500 1.4 1.4
Singapore Singapore[139] 72,500 312,500 19,900 404,900 68.8 12.3
Slovakia Slovakia[140] 15,850 0 0 15,850 2.9 2.9
Slovenia Slovenia[141] 7,250 1,760 5,950 14,960 7.6 3.7
Somalia Somalia[142] 19,800 0 0 19,800 1.8 1.8
South Africa South Africa[143] 66,350 15,050 0 81,400 1.5 1.2
South Korea South Korea[144] 625,000 6,100,000 9,000 6,734,000 131.6 12.2
Spain Spain[145] 121,200 15,450 76,750 213,400 4.4 2.5
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka[146] 243,000 35,900 62,200 341,100 15.2 10.8
South Sudan South Sudan[147] 185,000 0 0 185,000 14.2 14.2
Sudan Sudan[148] 104,300 85,000 20,000 209,300 5.6 2.8
Suriname Suriname[149] 1,840 0 100 1,940 3.3 3.1
Sweden Sweden[150] 29,750 0 21,950 51,700 5.2 3
Switzerland Switzerland[151] 20,950 218,270 0 239,220 29 2.5
Syria Syria[152] 142,500 0 150,000 292,500 16.2 7.9
Taiwan Taiwan[153] 215,000 1,657,000 11,450 1,883,450 80.1 9.1
Tajikistan Tajikistan[154] 8,800 0 7,500 16,300 1.9 1
Tanzania Tanzania[155] 27,000 80,000 1,400 108,400 2 0.5
Thailand Thailand[156] 360,850 245,000 93,700 699,550 10.2 5.3
East Timor Timor Leste[157] 1,330 0 0 1,330 1 1
Togo Togo[158] 8,550 0 750 9,300 1.2 1.1
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago[159] 4,050 0 0 4,050 3.3 3.3
Tunisia Tunisia[160] 35,800 0 12,000 47,800 4.2 3.1
Turkey Turkey[161] 355,200 378,700 156,800 890,700 11 4.4
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan[162] 36,500 0 5,000 41,500 7.8 6.8
Uganda Uganda[163] 45,000 10,000 1,400 56,400 1.4 1.1
Ukraine Ukraine[164] 204,000 900,000 88,000 1,192,000 27.1 4.6
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates[165] 63,000 180,000 0 243,000 40 10.4
United Kingdom United Kingdom[166] 150,250 82,650 0 232,900 3.6 2.3
United States United States[167] 1,348,400 857,950 0 2,206,350 6.8 4.2
Uruguay Uruguay[168] 24,650 0 800 25,450 7.6 7.3
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan[169] 48,000 0 20,000 68,000 2.3 1.6
Venezuela Venezuela[170] 123,000 8,000 220,000 351,000 11.2 3.9
Vietnam Vietnam[171] 482,000 5,000,000 40,000 5,522,000 57.4 5
Yemen Yemen[172] 20,000 0 0 20,000 0.7 0.7
Zambia Zambia[173] 15,100 3,000 1,400 19,500 1.2 0.9
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe[174] 29,000 0 21,800 50,800 3.7 2.1

Not included in the list are the militaries of Abkhazia, Andorra, Bhutan, Northern Cyprus, Maldives, Monaco, Artsakh, San Marino, Saint Kitts and Nevis, São Tomé and Príncipe, Somaliland, Swaziland, Tonga and Vanuatu.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The reserve military of Armenia consists mostly of ex-conscripts who have seen service within the last 15 years.
  2. ^ Does not include Army forces of Artsakh, which has an Armenian backed army.
  3. ^ The reserve paramilitary of Cuba consists of the Youth Labour Army, Civil Defence and Territorial Troops Militia and count 1,120,000 units. Ready reserves serve 45 days per year.
  4. ^ Finnish Defence Forces has a ~33,400 active strength, a wartime strength of ~280,000, with a total reserve of ~900,000
  5. ^ The paramilitary forces of Iran largely consists of the Basij, a paramilitary militia with claimed membership of 12.6 million (including women and children), which after mobilization can reach about 1,000,000 people able to fight.
  6. ^ The paramilitary forces of Italy consists of the Carabinieri and the Guardia di Finanza.
  7. ^ No data due to the ongoing civil war.
  8. ^ The paramilitary forces of Malaysia includes 240,000 reservists from the People's Volunteer Corps.
  9. ^ The Worker-Peasant Red Guards count 5,700,000 units and are used as a reserve paramilitary.
  10. ^ Precise personnel-strength figures for the various Palestinian groups are not known.
  11. ^ The potential reserve personnel of Russia may be as high as 20 million, depending on how the figures are counted. However, an est. 2 million have seen military service within the last 5 years.

References

  1. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 240
  2. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 82
  3. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 325
  4. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 445
  5. ^ IISS 2018, p. 383
  6. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 383
  7. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 181
  8. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 241
  9. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 83
  10. ^ http://www.bundesheer.at/sk/index.shtml
  11. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 182
  12. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 386
  13. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 327
  14. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 244
  15. ^ IISS 2018, p. 387
  16. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 185
  17. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 85
  18. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 387
  19. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 446
  20. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 388
  21. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 87
  22. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 447-448
  23. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 390
  24. ^ IISS 2018, p. 247
  25. ^ IISS 2018, pp. 88
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