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List of counties of the United Kingdom

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of the counties of the United Kingdom. The history of local government in the United Kingdom differs between England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales, and the subnational divisions within these which have been called counties have varied over time and by purpose. The county has formed the upper tier of local government over much of the United Kingdom at one time or another,[1] and has been used for a variety of other purposes, such as for Lord Lieutenants, land registration and postal delivery. This list is split by constituent country, time period and purpose.

England

Changes between the 1990s and 2009 subdivided the short-lived non-metropolitan counties of Cleveland and Humberside into unitary authorities, but the former county names continue for fire services and police forces (see Non-metropolitan county § List of non-metropolitan counties). Similarly the short-lived county of Avon provides part of the area and name of Avon and Somerset Police and its area is roughly that of the Avon Fire and Rescue Service.

The historic counties of Yorkshire, Cumberland, Westmorland, Huntingdonshire and Middlesex are the five defunct ceremonial counties which were historically counties. With their abolition as ceremonial counties, Yorkshire is divided for that purpose into North Yorksire, East Yorkshire etc, Cumberland and Westmorland were combined with a former exclave of Lancashire to form Cumbria, Huntingdonshire merged into Cambridgeshire, and the vast majority of Middlesex became part of Greater London.

Contemporary reference to the Isle of Ely and nearby Soke of Peterborough is very rare since the early 20th century and they have scant public resonance. The counties marked in italics below are neither ceremonial nor historic.

County Current
ceremonial
[2]
From 1974[3] Postal
1974–1996
[4]
1889–1974 Before 1889
Metropolitan Non-metropolitan County Administrative
Avon
Yes
1974–1996
Yes
Bedfordshire Yes
Yes
1974–2009
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Berkshire Yes Yes[5]
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
City of Brighton and Hove UA 1997+[6]
City of Bristol Yes Special post town
Yes
County borough County corporate
Buckinghamshire Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Cambridgeshire Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
1889–1965
Yes
1889–1965
Yes
Cambridgeshire and Isle of Ely
Yes
1965–1974
Yes
1965–1974
Cheshire Yes
Yes
1974–2009
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Cleveland
Yes
1974–1996
Yes
Cornwall Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Cumberland
Yes
Yes
Yes
Cumbria Yes Yes
Yes
Derbyshire Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Devon Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Dorset Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Durham (County Durham)♠ Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
East Suffolk
Yes
Division
East Sussex Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Division
Essex Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Gloucestershire Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Greater London Yes County[7]
Yes
Yes
1965–1974
Greater Manchester Yes Yes
Hampshire Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Hereford and Worcester
Yes
1974–1998
Herefordshire Yes UA 1998+[6]
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Hertfordshire Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Humberside
Yes
1974–1996
Huntingdon and Peterborough
Yes
1965–1974
Yes
1965–1974
Huntingdonshire
Yes
1889–1965
Yes
1889–1965
Yes
Isle of Ely
Yes
1889–1965
Division
Isle of Wight Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
1890–1974
Kent Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Lancashire Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Leicestershire Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Lincolnshire Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Lincolnshire, Parts of Holland
Yes
Division
Lincolnshire, Parts of Kesteven
Yes
Division
Lincolnshire, Parts of Lindsey
Yes
Division
London Special post town
Yes
Yes
The Metropolis[8]
City of London Yes County corporate
Merseyside Yes Yes
Yes
Middlesex
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Norfolk Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Northamptonshire Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Northumberland Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
North Humberside
Yes
North Yorkshire Yes Yes
Yes
Nottinghamshire Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Oxfordshire Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Soke of Peterborough
Yes
1889–1965
Liberty
Rutland Yes UA 1997+[6] Yes 2008+[9]
Yes
Yes
Yes
Shropshire Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Somerset Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
South Humberside
Yes
South Yorkshire Yes Yes
Yes
Staffordshire Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Suffolk Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Surrey Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Sussex
Yes
Yes
Tyne and Wear Yes Yes
Yes
Warwickshire Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
West Midlands Yes Yes
Yes
Westmorland
Yes
Yes
Yes
West Suffolk
Yes
Division
West Sussex Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Division
West Yorkshire Yes Yes
Yes
Wiltshire Yes Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Worcestershire Yes Yes 1998+
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yorkshire
Yes
Yes
Yorkshire, East Riding Yes UA 1996+[6] L[10]
Yes
Division
Yorkshire, North Riding L[10]
Yes
Division
Yorkshire, West Riding L[10]
Yes
Division

♠ denotes a counter-intuitive pronunciation. See list of places in the United Kingdom and Ireland with counterintuitive pronunciations.

Northern Ireland

County Before 1899 1899–1973 Current
lieutenancy[11]
Postal
before 1996[4]
County Administrative
Antrim Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Armagh Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
City of Belfast Part of counties Antrim and Down Yes CB[12] Yes Yes Special post town
Down Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Fermanagh Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Londonderry Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
City of Derry Part of County Londonderry Yes CB[12] Yes Yes Special post town
Tyrone Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Scotland

County Before 1890 1890–1975 Lieutenancy Registration[13] Postal
before 1996[4]
City of Aberdeen Yes 1900 Yes Special post town
Aberdeenshire Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Angus (Forfarshire) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Argyll Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Ayrshire Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Banffshire Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Berwickshire Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Bute Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Caithness Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Clackmannanshire Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Cromartyshire Yes
Dumfriesshire Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Dunbartonshire (Dumbarton) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
City of Dundee Yes 1894 Yes Special post town
East Lothian (Haddingtonshire) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
City of Edinburgh Yes Yes Yes Special post town
Fife Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
City of Glasgow Yes 1893 Yes Yes Special post town
Inverness-shire Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Kincardineshire Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Kinross-shire Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Kirkcudbrightshire Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Lanarkshire Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Midlothian (County of Edinburgh) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Moray♠ (Elginshire) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Nairnshire Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Orkney Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Peeblesshire Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Perthshire Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Renfrewshire Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Ross and Cromarty Yes Yes Yes
Ross-shire Yes Yes
Roxburghshire Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Selkirkshire Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Shetland (Zetland) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Stirlingshire Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Sutherland Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
West Lothian (Linlithgowshire) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Wigtownshire Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

♠ denotes counter-intuitive pronunciation.

Wales

County Before 1889 1889–1974 1974–1996 1996+ Postal
1974–1996[4]
Preserved[2] County[14]
Anglesey Yes Yes Yes Isle of Anglesey
Brecknockshire Yes Yes
Caernarfonshire Yes Yes
Cardiganshire Yes Yes Yes Ceredigion
Carmarthenshire Yes Yes Yes
Clwyd Yes Yes Yes
Denbighshire Yes Yes Yes
Dyfed Yes Yes Yes
Flintshire Yes Yes Yes
Glamorgan Yes Yes
Gwent Yes Yes Yes
Gwynedd Yes Yes Yes Yes
Merionethshire Yes Yes
Mid Glamorgan Yes Yes Yes
Monmouthshire Yes Yes Yes
Montgomeryshire Yes Yes
Pembrokeshire Yes Yes Yes
Powys Yes Yes Yes Yes
Radnorshire Yes Yes
South Glamorgan Yes Yes Yes
West Glamorgan Yes Yes Yes
Wrexham Yes

See also

References

  1. ^ HMSO, Aspects of Britain: Local Government, (1996)
  2. ^ a b Lieutenancies Act 1997
  3. ^ Local Government Act 1972
  4. ^ a b c d Royal Mail - PAF Digest Issue 6.0[permanent dead link] Since 1996 these have been known as "former postal counties", and need no longer be used in addressing mail. Post Towns created since 1996 are not allocated to a postal county. The PAF also includes an "Alias File" that includes postally not required information including "Traditional County" and "Administrative County" fields. The list is not comprehensive and Royal Mail does not guarantee its accuracy.
  5. ^ The Berkshire (Structural Change) Order 1996; SI 1996 No. 1879
  6. ^ a b c d Non-metropolitan district with the powers of a county, following the Local Government Act 1992
  7. ^ For ceremonial purposes only
  8. ^ The Metropolis was an ad hoc administrative area covering parts of three counties
  9. ^ AFD Software - Latest PAF Data News
  10. ^ a b c Appointed a Lord Lieutenant, but not a county under the Local Government Act 1888
  11. ^ Northern Ireland (Lieutenancy) Order 1975 (SI 1975 No. 156)
  12. ^ a b County styled as county borough by the Local Government (Ireland) Act 1898
  13. ^ Registers of Scotland - Land Register Counties Archived 2013-09-28 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ Local Government (Wales) Act 1994 S.1 - Principal areas styled as a county
This page was last edited on 22 June 2020, at 19:30
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