To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

List of counties in Massachusetts

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Counties of Massachusetts
Berkshire CountyFranklin CountyHampshire CountyHampden CountyWorcester CountyMiddlesex CountyEssex CountyNorfolk CountyNorfolk CountyNorfolk CountySuffolk CountyBristol CountyPlymouth CountyDukes CountyNantucket CountyBarnstable CountyMassachusetts-counties-map.gif
About this image
LocationCommonwealth of Massachusetts
Populations14,491 (Nantucket) – 1,614,742 (Middlesex)
Areas48 square miles (120 km2) (Nantucket) – 1,513 square miles (3,920 km2) (Worcester)

The U.S. state of Massachusetts has 14 counties, though eight[1] of these fourteen county governments were abolished between 1997 and 2000. The counties in the southeastern portion of the state retain county-level local government (Barnstable, Bristol, Dukes, Norfolk, Plymouth) or, in one case, (Nantucket County) consolidated city-county government.[2][3] Vestigial judicial and law enforcement districts still follow county boundaries even in the counties whose county-level government has been disestablished, and the counties are still generally recognized as geographic entities if not political ones.[4] Three counties (Hampshire, Barnstable, and Franklin) have formed new county regional compacts to serve as a form of regional governance.

Abolitions of some county governments

Mismanagement of Middlesex County's public hospital in the mid-1990s left that county on the brink of insolvency, and in 1997 the Massachusetts legislature stepped in by assuming all assets and obligations of the county. The government of Middlesex County was officially abolished on July 11, 1997.[1] Later that year, the Franklin County Commission voted itself out of existence. The law abolishing Middlesex County also provided for the elimination of Hampden County and Worcester County on July 1, 1998.[1] This law was later amended to abolish Hampshire County on January 1, 1999; Essex County and Suffolk County on July 1 of that same year; and Berkshire County on July 1, 2000.[1] State law allows other counties either to abolish themselves, or to reorganize as a "regional council of governments",[1] as Hampshire and Franklin Counties have done. The governments of Bristol, Plymouth, and Norfolk Counties remain substantially unchanged. Barnstable and Dukes Counties have adopted modern county charters, enabling them to act as efficient regional governments. Dukes County in particular has a strong regional planning agency known as the Martha's Vineyard Commission.[5]

District Attorneys

Jurisdictional areas for District Attorneys are created by state law and while some follow traditional county boundaries, names and geographic areas covered are often different. Criminal matters in Essex County are handled by the District Attorney for the Eastern District; in Middlesex County by the District Attorney for the Northern District; in Worcester County by the District Attorney for the Middle District; in Dukes, Barnstable and Nantucket counties by the District Attorney for the Cape and Islands District and in Franklin and Hampshire counties by the District Attorney for the Northwestern District. The districts for the counties of Berkshire, Bristol, Hampden, Norfolk, Plymouth and Suffolk are the same in geography and nomenclature as the respective counties,[6] and the District Attorneys for the Eastern, Middle, and Northern Districts are commonly known as the Essex County,[7] Worcester County,[8] and Middlesex County District Attorneys,[9] respectively.

Historical counties

Eleven other historical counties have existed in Massachusetts, most becoming defunct when their lands were absorbed into the colony of New Hampshire or the state of Maine, both of which were created out of territory originally claimed by Massachusetts colonists. The oldest counties still in Massachusetts are Essex County, Middlesex County, and Suffolk County, created in 1643 with the original Norfolk County which was absorbed by New Hampshire and bears no relation to the modern Norfolk County. When these counties were created, they were a part of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, which would remain separate from the Plymouth Colony and that colony's counties until 1691. Hampden County, created in 1812, is the most recently created county still in Massachusetts, although Penobscot County, Maine bore that distinction until Maine broke off from Massachusetts in 1820.[10] The majority of Massachusetts counties are named in honor of English place names, reflecting Massachusetts' colonial heritage.[11]

Shire town

The term shire town is the statutory term for the Massachusetts town having a county court and administration offices; a county can have multiple shire towns.[12] County seat is the standard term used in general communications by the Massachusetts government.

FIPS code

The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code, used by the United States government to uniquely identify counties, is provided with each entry. FIPS codes are five-digit numbers; for Massachusetts the codes start with 25 and are completed with the three-digit county code. The FIPS code for each county in the table links to census data for that county.[13]

List of current counties

FIPS code[14] County seat[15] Est.[16] Origin[10] Etymology[11] Population[17] Area[16] Map
Barnstable County 001 Barnstable 1685 One of three original counties created in the Plymouth Colony After its county seat of Barnstable, which is named after the English town of Barnstaple 232,411 396 sq mi
(1,026 km2)
State map highlighting Barnstable County
Berkshire County 003 Pittsfield 1761 From part of Hampshire County. Government abolished in 2000.[4] For the English county of Berkshire 128,657 931 sq mi
(2,411 km2)
State map highlighting Berkshire County
Bristol County 005 Taunton 1685 One of three original counties created in the Plymouth Colony For its original county seat of Bristol, Massachusetts, which is named for the English port city of Bristol – when the Town of Bristol joined Rhode Island, the name of the county was kept 580,164 556 sq mi
(1,440 km2)
State map highlighting Bristol County
Dukes County 007 Edgartown 1695 From Martha's Vineyard and the Elizabeth Islands, which had been part of Dukes County, New York until Massachusetts gained it in 1691 Formerly a part of Dukes County, New York until 1691, the land at one time was the possession of the Duke of York 21,097 104 sq mi
(269 km2)
State map highlighting Dukes County
Essex County 009 Salem,
1643 One of four original counties created in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Government abolished in 1999.[4] For the English county of Essex 807,074 498 sq mi
(1,290 km2)
State map highlighting Essex County
Franklin County 011 Greenfield 1811 From part of Hampshire County. Government abolished in 1997.[4] For Benjamin Franklin (1706–1790), early American scientist, diplomat, and politician 71,015 702 sq mi
(1,818 km2)
State map highlighting Franklin County
Hampden County 013 Springfield 1812 From part of Hampshire County. Government abolished in 1998.[4] John Hampden (1595—1643), the famous 17th century English parliamentarian 462,718 618 sq mi
(1,601 km2)
State map highlighting Hampden County
Hampshire County 015 Northampton 1662 From unorganized territory in the western part of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Government abolished 1999.[4] For the English county of Hampshire 161,572 529 sq mi
(1,370 km2)
State map highlighting Hampshire County
Middlesex County 017 Lowell,
1643 One of four original counties created in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Government abolished in 1997.[4] For the English county of Middlesex 1,614,742 824 sq mi
(2,134 km2)
State map highlighting Middlesex County
Nantucket County 019 Nantucket 1695 From Nantucket Island which had been part of Dukes County, New York until Massachusetts gained it in 1691. The Town of Nantucket, itself derived from a Wampanoag word meaning "place of peace" 14,491 48 sq mi
(124 km2)
State map highlighting Nantucket County
Norfolk County 021 Dedham 1793 From part of Suffolk County. For the English county of Norfolk 724,505 400 sq mi
(1,036 km2)
State map highlighting Norfolk County
Plymouth County 023 Brockton,
1685 One of three original counties created in the Plymouth Colony. For its seat of Plymouth, which is named for the English port city of Plymouth 533,003 661 sq mi
(1,712 km2)
State map highlighting Plymouth County
Suffolk County 025 Boston 1643 One of four original counties created in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Government abolished in 1999.[4] For the English county of Suffolk 771,245 58 sq mi
(150 km2)
State map highlighting Suffolk County
Worcester County 027 Worcester 1731 From parts of Hampshire County, Middlesex County and Suffolk County. Government abolished in 1998.[4] For its county seat of Worcester, which is named in honor of the English city of Worcester and the English Civil War Battle of Worcester in 1651, a Parliamentarian victory 862,029 1,513 sq mi
(3,919 km2)
State map highlighting Worcester County

Former counties

Cumberland County 1760 1820 Transferred to Maine
Devonshire County 1674 1675 Abolished and then absorbed into Maine
Hancock County 1789 1820 Transferred to Maine
Kennebec County 1799 1820 Transferred to Maine
Lincoln County 1760 1820 Transferred to Maine
Norfolk County 1643 1679 Abolished – most of its territory was absorbed into New Hampshire; towns remaining in Massachusetts were absorbed into Essex County. One of four original counties created in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
Oxford County 1805 1820 Transferred to Maine
Penobscot County 1816 1820 Transferred to Maine
Somerset County 1809 1820 Transferred to Maine
Washington County 1789 1820 Transferred to Maine
York County 1652 1820 Transferred to Maine – there were two periods when York County was abolished, 1664 to 1668 and 1680 to 1691

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e Mass. Gen. L. c. 34B
    "General Laws of Massachusetts, Chapter 34B. Abolition of County Government". Massachusetts General Court. Archived from the original on February 5, 2010. Retrieved January 24, 2010.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 8 June 2007. Retrieved 19 July 2007.
  3. ^ "Find A County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2014-01-13. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Historical Data Relating to the Incorporation of and Abolishment of Counties in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts". Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Archived from the original on 17 June 2018. Retrieved 14 January 2007.
  5. ^ "Martha's Vineyard Commission -". Archived from the original on 8 April 2018. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  6. ^ "Elections: Massachusetts District Attorney – Districts". August 23, 2004. Archived from the original on 2004-08-23.
  7. ^ "Essex District Attorney's Office |". Archived from the original on 2021-10-13. Retrieved 2021-10-24.
  8. ^ "Worcester County District Attorney Joseph D. Early, Jr". The Office of the Worcester County District Attorney. Archived from the original on 2021-07-28. Retrieved 2021-10-24.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-03-08. Retrieved 2017-03-08.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ a b c d e Brown, Richard & Tager, Jack (2000). Massachusetts: A Concise History. University of Massachusetts Press. ISBN 1-55849-249-6.
  11. ^ a b Beatty, Michael (2001). County Name Origins of the United States. McFarland Press. ISBN 0-7864-1025-6.
  12. ^ Part III, Title I, Chapter 213, §7 Archived 2008-07-19 at the Wayback Machine, Massachusetts General Laws. Accessed 24 January 2008.
  13. ^ "County FIPS Code Listing for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts". US Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved September 27, 2017.
  14. ^ "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". Archived from the original on 2011-05-14. Retrieved 2008-02-23.
  15. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Massachusetts". Archived from the original on 2021-01-27. Retrieved 2020-08-21.
  16. ^ a b "NACo – Find a county". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2010-06-01. Retrieved 30 April 2008.
  17. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Massachusetts". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 27 January 2021. Retrieved 31 March 2022.

External links

This page was last edited on 1 August 2022, at 18:08
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.