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List of colonial governors of Burma

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Burma [Upper (orange) and Lower (pink)], 1886.
Burma [Upper (orange) and Lower (pink)], 1886.
Standard of the Governor of British Burma
Standard of the Governor of British Burma

This is a list of European (as well as Japanese) colonial administrators responsible for the territory of British Burma, an area equivalent to modern-day Myanmar.

As a result of the Second Anglo-Burmese War, Burma was initially setup as a province of British India. Later it was made a separate crown colony within the British Empire. Following capture by the Empire of Japan during World War II, it was controlled by a Japanese military governor. After the Japanese were expelled, it was under a Allied military commander, then a civilian governor until independence.


(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Tenure Portrait Incumbent Notes
British Burma
31 January 1862 to 16 February 1867
Arthur Purves Phayre.jpg
Arthur Purves Phayre,
Chief Commissioner
Arakan, Tenasserim, and Pegu are united as British ("Lower") Burma (within British India)
16 February 1867 to 18 April 1871
Albert Fytche.PNG
Albert Fytche,
Chief Commissioner
18 April 1871 to 14 April 1875
Sir Ashley Eden.png
Ashley Eden,
Chief Commissioner
14 April 1875 to 30 March 1878
Sir Augustus Rivers Thompson.png
Augustus Rivers Thompson,
Chief Commissioner
Acting until 30 April 1877
30 March 1878 to 2 July 1880
Aitchison CharlesU (1832-96).jpeg
Charles Umpherston Aitchison,
Chief Commissioner
2 July 1880 to 2 March 1883 Charles Bernard,
Chief Commissioner
Acting until 4 April 1882, 1st time
2 March 1883 to 25 September 1886 Sir Charles Haukes Todd Crosthwaite,
Chief Commissioner
Acting until 28 February 1884, 1st time. On 1 January 1886, as a result of the Third Anglo-Burmese War, remnant of Kingdom of Awa ("Upper Burma") annexed to British Burma (within British India). On 26 February 1886, Upper and Lower Burma united as Burma (within British India)
25 September 1886 to 12 March 1887 Charles Edward Bernard,
Chief Commissioner
2nd time
12 March 1887 to 10 December 1890 Sir Charles Haukes Todd Crosthwaite,
Chief Commissioner
2nd time
10 December 1890 to 3 April 1895
Alexander Mackenzie Bengal.jpg
Alexander Mackenzie,
Chief Commissioner
3 April 1895 to 1 May 1897 Frederick William Richards Fryer,
Chief Commissioner
1 May 1897 to 4 April 1903 Frederick William Richards Fryer,
Lieutenant Governor
4 April 1903 to 9 May 1905 Sir Hugh Shakespear Barnes,
Lieutenant Governor
9 May 1905 to 19 May 1910
Herbert Thirkell White.jpg
Sir Herbert Thirkell White,
Lieutenant Governor
19 May 1910 to 28 October 1915 Sir Harvey Adamson,
Lieutenant Governor
15 May 1913 to 1 November 1913 Sir George Shaw,
acting Lieutenant Governor
Acting for Adamson
28 October 1915 to 22 September 1917 Sir Spencer Harcourt Butler,
Lieutenant Governor
1st time
22 September 1917 to 15 February 1918 Walter Francis Rice,
acting Lieutenant Governor
15 February 1918 to 21 December 1922 Sir Reginald Henry Craddock,
Lieutenant Governor
21 December 1922 to 2 January 1923 Sir Spencer Harcourt Butler,
Lieutenant Governor
2nd time
2 January 1923 to 20 December 1927 Sir Spencer Harcourt Butler,
20 December 1927 to 20 December 1932
Charles Alexander Innes.jpg
Sir Charles Alexander Innes,
20 December 1932 to 8 May 1936 Sir Hugh Landsdowne Stephenson,
8 May 1936 to 6 May 1941 Sir Archibald Douglas Cochrane,
On 1 April 1937, Burma separated from British India, as for provided for in the Government of India Act 1935
6 May 1941 to 31 August 1946
Reginald Dorman Smit.jpg
Sir Reginald Hugh Dorman-Smith,
From May 1942 until October 1945 in exile at Shimla, British India
Japanese Occupation of British Burma
20 April 1942 to 18 March 1943
Iida Shojiro Fourier blur copy background.png
Shōjirō Iida,
Military commander
Commander of the 15th Army
18 March 1943 to 30 August 1944
Masakazu Kawabe.jpg
Masakazu Kawabe,
Military commander
Commander of the Japanese Burma Area Army
30 August 1944 to 15 August 1945
Kimura Heitaro.jpg
Heitarō Kimura,
Military Commander
Allied military administration
1 January 1944 to October 1945
Lord Mountbatten 4 Allan Warren.jpg
Actg. Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten,
Military Governor
Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia Command
October 1945 to 31 August 1946
Hubert Elvin Rance.jpg
Major general Sir Hubert Elvin Rance,
Military governor
British Burma
31 August 1946 to 4 January 1948
Hubert Elvin Rance.jpg
Sir Hubert Elvin Rance,
4 January 1948 Burma gains independence as Union of Burma, as provided for in the Burma Independence Act 1947 and the Burmese Declaration of Independence

For continuation after independence, see: President of Myanmar

See also


External links

This page was last edited on 27 February 2020, at 20:30
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