To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Civil parishes in Merseyside

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A map of Merseyside, showing the Metropolitan Boroughs: (1) Liverpool; (2) Sefton; (3) Knowsley; (4) St Helens; and (5) Wirral.
A map of Merseyside, showing the Metropolitan Boroughs: (1) Liverpool; (2) Sefton; (3) Knowsley; (4) St Helens; and (5) Wirral.

A civil parish is a country subdivision, forming the lowest unit of local government in England. There are 23 civil parishes in the ceremonial county of Merseyside, most of the county being unparished; Liverpool and Wirral are completely unparished. At the 2001 census, there were 177,663 people living in the 23 parishes, accounting for 13.0 per cent of the county's population.

History

Parishes arose from Church of England divisions, and were originally purely ecclesiastical divisions. Over time they acquired civil administration powers.[1]

The Highways Act 1555 made parishes responsible for the upkeep of roads. Every adult inhabitant of the parish was obliged to work four days a year on the roads, providing their own tools, carts and horses; the work was overseen by an unpaid local appointee, the Surveyor of Highways.[2]

The poor were looked after by the monasteries, until their dissolution. In 1572, magistrates were given power to 'survey the poor' and impose taxes for their relief. This system was made more formal by the Poor Law Act 1601, which made parishes responsible for administering the Poor Law; overseers were appointed to charge a rate to support the poor of the parish.[3] The 19th century saw an increase in the responsibility of parishes, although the Poor Law powers were transferred to Poor Law Unions.[4] The Public Health Act 1872 grouped parishes into Rural Sanitary Districts, based on the Poor Law Unions; these subsequently formed the basis for Rural Districts.[5]

Parishes were run by vestries, meeting annually to appoint officials, and were generally identical to ecclesiastical parishes,[6] although some townships in large parishes administered the Poor Law themselves; under the Divided Parishes and Poor Law Amendment Act 1882, all extra-parochial areas and townships that levied a separate rate became independent civil parishes.[7]

Civil parishes in their modern sense date from the Local Government Act 1894, which abolished vestries; established elected parish councils in all rural parishes with more than 300 electors; grouped rural parishes into Rural Districts; and aligned parish boundaries with county and borough boundaries.[7] Urban civil parishes continued to exist, and were generally coterminous with the Urban District, Municipal Borough or County Borough in which they were situated; many large towns contained a number of parishes, and these were usually merged into one. Parish councils were not formed in urban areas, and the only function of the parish was to elect guardians to Poor Law Unions; with the abolition of the Poor Law system in 1930 the parishes had only a nominal existence.[8]

The Local Government Act 1972 retained civil parishes in rural areas, and many former Urban Districts and Municipal Boroughs that were being abolished, were replaced by new successor parishes; urban areas that were considered too large to be single parishes became unparished areas.[9]

Merseyside showing the former local authorities
Merseyside showing the former local authorities

The current position

Recent governments have encouraged the formation of town and parish councils in unparished areas, and the Local Government and Rating Act 1997 gave local residents the right to demand the creation of a new civil parish.[10]

A parish council can become a town council unilaterally, simply by resolution;[9] and a civil parish can also gain city status, but only if that is granted by the Crown.[9] The chairman of a town or city council is called a mayor.[9] The Local Government and Public Involvement in Health Act 2007 introduced alternative names: a parish council can now choose to be called a community; village; or neighbourhood council.[11]

Civil parishes with town status

List of civil parishes and unparished areas

Image Name Status Population District Former local authority Refs
Cronton - Cronton Hall.jpg
Cronton Civil parish 1,379 Knowsley Whiston
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Halewood - Heyes Barn.jpg
Halewood Town 20,309 Knowsley Whiston
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Knowsley Heights, Huyton, Merseyside.jpg
Huyton with Roby Unparished area 49,859 Knowsley Huyton with Roby
Urban District
[14]
[15]
St Chad's Church, Old Hall Lane, Kirkby - geograph.org.uk - 122477.jpg
Kirkby Unparished area 40,374 Knowsley Kirkby
Urban District
[16]
[17]
Knowsley - Village Green.jpg
Knowsley Civil parish 11,343 Knowsley Whiston
Rural District
[12]
[13]
St Mary's Church, Prescot.jpg
Prescot Town 11,184 Knowsley Prescot
Urban District
[18]
[13]
Tarbock - Footpath to Water Lane.jpg
Tarbock Unparished area (Parish Council abolished 1 April 2014) 2,382 Knowsley Whiston
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Whiston Fire Station - geograph.org.uk - 43842.jpg
Whiston Town 13,629 Knowsley Whiston
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Port of Liverpool Building Dome.jpg
Liverpool Unparished area 439,473 Liverpool Liverpool
County Borough
[19]
[20]
The Old Roan, Aintree - geograph.org.uk - 1842752.jpg
Aintree Village Civil parish 7,126 Sefton West Lancashire
Rural District
[21]
[22]
Bootle civic buildings 2.jpg
Bootle Unparished area 59,011 Sefton Bootle
County Borough
[23]
[24]
Another Place 2.jpg
Crosby Unparished area 45,872 Sefton Crosby
Municipal Borough
[25]
[26]
Formby - Formby Hills.jpg
Formby Civil parish 23,586 Sefton Formby
Urban District
[27]
[28]
[29]
Hightown - River Alt.jpg
Hightown Civil parish 2,247 Sefton Crosby
Municipal Borough
[25]
[22]
Ince Blundell - Ince Blundell Park.jpg
Ince Blundell Civil parish 518 Sefton West Lancashire
Rural District
[21]
[22]
Litherland - Rimrose Valley Footbridge.jpg
Litherland Unparished area 18,629 Sefton Litherland
Urban District
[30]
[31]
Little Altcar - Rifle Club Huts.jpg
Little Altcar Civil parish 892 Sefton West Lancashire
Rural District
[21]
[22]
Scotch Piper Inn.JPG
Lydiate Civil parish 6,672 Sefton West Lancashire
Rural District
[21]
[22]
Shop lane bridge 014.JPG
Maghull Town 22,225 Sefton West Lancashire
Rural District
[21]
[22]
Melling - Tithebarn.jpg
Melling Civil parish 2,810 Sefton West Lancashire
Rural District
[21]
[22]
Sefton - Sunset.jpg
Sefton Civil parish 772 Sefton West Lancashire
Rural District
[21]
[22]
Lord Street, Southport.JPG
Southport Unparished area 90,336 Sefton Southport
County Borough
[32]
[33]
Thornton - Homer Green.jpg
Thornton Civil parish 2,262 Sefton West Lancashire
Rural District
[21]
[22]
Billinge Chapel End - Houghwood.jpg
Billinge Chapel End Civil parish 6,554 St Helens Billinge and Winstanley
Urban District
[34]
[35]
Bold - Dream at Night.jpg
Bold Civil parish 2,283 St Helens Whiston
Rural District
[12]
[35]
Eccleston - Carmelite Monastery.jpg
Eccleston Civil parish 10,528 St Helens Whiston
Rural District
[12]
[35]
Haydock - Saint James' Parish Church.jpg
Haydock Unparished area 15,684 St Helens Haydock
Urban District
[36]
[37]
Newton le Willows - Saint Peter's Graveyard.jpg
Newton le Willows Unparished area 21,418 St Helens Newton le Willows
Urban District
[38]
[39]
Rainford - Fir Tree Farm. Kings Moss.jpg
Rainford Civil parish 8,344 St Helens Rainford
Urban District
[40]
[35]
The Victoria Hotel - geograph.org.uk - 871822.jpg
Rainhill Civil parish 11,913 St Helens Whiston
Rural District
[12]
[35]
Seneley Green - Barton Clough.jpg
Seneley Green Civil parish 6,163 St Helens Ashton in Makerfield
Urban District
[41]
[35]
St Helens Town Hall.jpg
St Helens Unparished area 91,414 St Helens St Helens
County Borough
[42]
[43]
Windle - Lord Derby's Footpath.jpg
Windle Civil parish 2,542 St Helens Whiston
Rural District
[12]
[35]
Houses on Greendale Avenue, Port Sunlight.jpg
Bebington Unparished area 58,226 Wirral Bebington
Municipal Borough
[44]
[45]
Birkenhead Park.jpg
Birkenhead Unparished area 103,206 Wirral Birkenhead
County Borough
[46]
[47]
Harvest Mouse PH, Heswall.jpg
Heswall Unparished area 29,977 Wirral Wirral
Urban District
[48]
[49]
HilbreIsland.jpg
Hoylake Unparished area 35,655 Wirral Hoylake
Urban District
[50]
[51]
New Brighton Lighthouse 1243656.jpg
Wallasey Unparished area 84,348 Wirral Wallasey
County Borough
[52]
[53]

See also

References

  1. ^ Angus Winchester, 2000, Discovering Parish Boundaries. Shire Publications. Princes Risborough, 96 pages ISBN 978-0-7478-0470-3
  2. ^ RAC Foundation : What Went Wrong? British Highway Development Before Motorways[permanent dead link] Retrieved 2009-08-22
  3. ^ The Victorian Web : The Poor Law : Introduction Retrieved 2009-08-22
  4. ^ Staffordshire University : Poor Law Unions and Registration Districts Archived 2012-09-14 at Archive.today Retrieved 2009-08-22
  5. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Status Details for Rural Sanitary District Retrieved 2009-08-22
  6. ^ Robert Tittler, The Reformation and the Towns in England, 1998, Oxford University Press, 395 pages, ISBN 978-0-19-820718-4
  7. ^ a b Modern British Surnames : Selected Events in the History of Civil Registration and Boundary Changes 1801-1996 Archived August 1, 2010, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2009-08-22
  8. ^ Alex MacMorran and T R Colquhoun Dill, The Local Government Act 1894 and the Subsequent Statutes Affecting Parish Councils, 1907, Butterworth and Co, London, 626 pages
  9. ^ a b c d Office of Public Sector Information : Local Government Act 1972 Archived 2012-12-05 at Archive.today Retrieved 2009-08-22
  10. ^ Office of Public Sector Information : Local Government and Rating Act 1997 Archived 2012-08-05 at Archive.today Retrieved 2009-08-22
  11. ^ Office of Public Sector Information : Local Government and Public Involvement in Health Act 2007 Archived 2012-08-05 at Archive.today Retrieved 2009-08-22
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i A Vision of Britain Through Time : Whiston Rural District Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2009-08-23
  13. ^ a b c d e f Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Knowsley Retrieved 2009-08-24
  14. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Huyton with Roby Urban District Retrieved 2009-08-23
  15. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Archived 2015-04-22 at the Wayback Machine Longview; Page Moss; Prescot East (part); Prescot West (part); Princess; Roby; St Gabriels; St Michaels; and Swanside wards. Retrieved 2009-08-26
  16. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Kirkby Urban District Retrieved 2009-08-23
  17. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Archived 2015-04-22 at the Wayback Machine Cherryfield; Kirkby Central; Northwood; Park; Tower Hill; and Whitefield wards. Retrieved 2009-08-26
  18. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Prescot Urban District Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2009-08-23
  19. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Liverpool County Borough Archived February 4, 2012, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2009-08-23
  20. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Archived 2015-04-22 at the Wayback Machine Abercromby; Aigburth; Allerton; Anfield; Arundel; Breckfield; Broadgreen; Childwall; Church; Clubmoor; County; Croxteth; Dingle; Dovecot; Everton; Fazakerley; Gillmoss; Granby; Grassendale; Kensington; Melrose; Netherley; Old Swan; Picton; Pirrie; Smithdown; Speke; St Mary's; Tuebrook; Valley; Vauxhall; Warbreck; and Woolton wards. Retrieved 2009-08-26
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h A Vision of Britain Through Time : West Lancashire Rural District Archived 2011-05-14 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2009-08-23
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i Office for National Statistics : Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Sefton Archived 2011-06-13 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2009-08-24
  23. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Bootle County Borough Retrieved 2009-08-23
  24. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Archived 2015-04-22 at the Wayback Machine Derby; Linacre; Litherland (part); Netherton and Orrell; and St Oswald wards. Retrieved 2009-08-26
  25. ^ a b A Vision of Britain Through Time : Crosby Municipal Borough Retrieved 2009-08-23
  26. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Archived 2015-04-22 at the Wayback Machine Blundellsands; Church; Manor (part); and Victoria wards. Retrieved 2009-08-26
  27. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Formby Urban District Retrieved 2009-08-23
  28. ^ Office of the Deputy Prime Minister : Bulletin of Changes to Local Authority Areas and Names in England : The Sefton (Parishes) Order 2003 Archived May 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 23 August 2009
  29. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Archived 2015-04-22 at the Wayback Machine Harington; and Ravenmeols (part) wards. Retrieved 2009-08-26
  30. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Litherland Urban District Retrieved 2009-08-23
  31. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Archived 2015-04-22 at the Wayback Machine Ford; and Litherland (part) wards. Retrieved 2009-08-26
  32. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Southport County Borough Retrieved 2009-08-23
  33. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Archived 2015-04-22 at the Wayback Machine Ainsdale; Birkdale; Cambridge; Duke's; Kew; Meols; and Norwood wards. Retrieved 2009-08-26
  34. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Billinge and Winstanley Urban District Archived 2007-10-01 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2009-08-24
  35. ^ a b c d e f g Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : St Helens Retrieved 2009-08-24
  36. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Haydock Urban District Retrieved 2009-08-24
  37. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Archived 2015-04-22 at the Wayback Machine Blackbrook (part); Broad Oak (part); and Haydock wards. Retrieved 2009-08-26
  38. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Newton le Willows Urban District Retrieved 2009-08-24
  39. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Archived 2015-04-22 at the Wayback Machine Earlstown; and Newton wards. Retrieved 2009-08-26
  40. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Rainford Urban District Retrieved 2009-08-24
  41. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Ashton in Makerfield Urban District Archived 2012-10-25 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2009-08-24
  42. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : St Helens County Borough Retrieved 2009-08-24
  43. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Archived 2015-04-22 at the Wayback Machine Blackbrook (part); Broad Oak (part); Grange Park; Marshalls Cross; Moss Bank; Parr and Hardshaw; Queen's Park; Sutton and Bold (part); Thatto Heath; West Sutton; and Windle (part) wards. Retrieved 2009-08-26
  44. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Bebington Municipal Borough Retrieved 2009-08-24
  45. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Archived 2015-04-22 at the Wayback Machine Bebington; Bromborough; Clatterbridge; and Eastham wards. Retrieved 2009-08-26
  46. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Birkenhead County Borough Retrieved 2009-08-24
  47. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Archived 2015-04-22 at the Wayback Machine Bidston; Birkenhead; Claughton; Egerton; Oxton; Prenton (part); Tranmere; and Upton wards. Retrieved 2009-08-26
  48. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Wirral Urban District Archived 2007-10-01 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2009-08-24
  49. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Archived 2015-04-22 at the Wayback Machine Heswall; Prenton (part); and Thurstaston (part) wards. Retrieved 2009-08-26
  50. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Hoylake Urban District Retrieved 2009-08-24
  51. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Archived 2015-04-22 at the Wayback Machine Hoylake; Royden; and Thurstaston (part) wards. Retrieved 2009-08-26
  52. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Wallasey County Borough Retrieved 2009-08-24
  53. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Archived 2015-04-22 at the Wayback Machine Leasowe; Liscard; Moreton; New Brighton; Seacombe; and Wallasey wards. Retrieved 2009-08-26

External links

This page was last edited on 24 August 2020, at 14:12
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.