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List of cities in Lithuania

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Vilnius, capital of Lithuania
Vilnius, capital of Lithuania

In Lithuania, there are 103 cities (in Lithuanian: singular – miestas, plural – miestai). The term city is defined by the Parliament of Lithuania as compact areas populated by more than 3,000 people of whom at least two thirds work in the industry or service sector. Those settlements which have a population of less than 3,000 but historically had city status are still considered to be cities. Smaller settlements are called miestelis (plural miesteliai) which is translated as towns. Even smaller settlements (villages) are called kaimas (plural kaimai). Often the official status is not clear and people refer to both towns and villages as gyvenvietė (plural gyvenvietės) which in essence means settlement.

The cities started to form in the 13th-14th century together with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The first to receive city rights was Klaipėda. According to medieval law, a city could have its own fairs, taverns, guilds, courts, etc. Some former cities lost their status and are now just towns or villages, for example Kernavė or Merkinė. Most of the cities in Lithuania were established before the 18th century. Their location is mostly determined by trade and transportation routes. Some of the newer cities grew because of railroad construction, for example Kaišiadorys, Vievis, Radviliškis, Ignalina or Mažeikiai. In the last century cities grew next to big industrial centers, for example Visaginas, Elektrėnai or Naujoji Akmenė. Five cities – Birštonas, Druskininkai, Neringa, Palanga and Anykščiai – have a special resort status.

Most of the cities are small. There are only 19 cities with a population of more than 20,000. Cities are quite evenly spread out through the territory of Lithuania. At the 2001 census 66.7% of the population lived in cities and the percentage is growing.

Cities

# CoA City Pronunciation
(audio help)
Population (2001) Population (2018) Granted city rights County Municipality
1
Grand Coat of arms of Vilnius.svg
Vilnius ListenInfo 554,281 536,692 1387 Vilnius County Vilnius City Municipality
2
Coat of arms of Kaunas.svg
Kaunas ListenInfo 378,943 312,120 1408 Kaunas County Kaunas City Municipality
3
Coat of arms of Klaipeda (Lithuania).svg
Klaipėda ListenInfo 192,954 164,310 1257 Klaipėda County Klaipėda City Municipality
4
Coat of arms of Šiauliai Grand (Lithuania).svg
Šiauliai ListenInfo 133,883 107,086 1589 Šiauliai County Šiauliai City Municipality
5
Coat of Arms of Panevezys.svg
Panevėžys ListenInfo 119,749 98,598 1837 Panevėžys County Panevėžys City Municipality
6
Coat of arms of Alytus (Lithuania).svg
Alytus ListenInfo 71,491 54,437 1581 Alytus County Alytus City Municipality
7
Marijampole COA.svg
Marijampolė ListenInfo 48,675 36,628 1792 Marijampolė County Marijampolė Municipality
8
Coat of arms of Mazeikiai (Lithuania).svg
Mažeikiai ListenInfo 42,675 33,281 1924 Telšiai County Mažeikiai District Municipality
9
Coat of arms of Jonava (Lithuania).svg
Jonava ListenInfo 34,954 29,031 1864 Kaunas County Jonava District Municipality
10
Coat of arms of Utena (Lithuania).svg
Utena ListenInfo 33,860 27,041 1599 Utena County Utena District Municipality
11
Coat of arms of Kedainiai (Lithuania).svg
Kėdainiai ListenInfo 32,048 25,310 1590 Kaunas County Kėdainiai District Municipality
12
Telsiai COA.gif
Telšiai ListenInfo 31,460 23,964 1791 Telšiai County Telšiai District Municipality
13
Coat of arms of Taurage (Lithuania).svg
Tauragė ListenInfo 29,124 23,120 1924 Tauragė County Tauragė District Municipality
14
Ukmerge COA.gif
Ukmergė ListenInfo 28,759 20,591 1486 Vilnius County Ukmergė District Municipality
15
Visaginas COA.svg
Visaginas ListenInfo 29,554 19,776 1977 Utena County Visaginas Municipality
16
Plunge COA.gif
Plungė ListenInfo 23,436 18,904 1792 Telšiai County Plungė District Municipality
17
Kretinga COA.gif
Kretinga ListenInfo 21,423 18,732 1609 Klaipėda County Kretinga District Municipality
18
Gargzdai COA.gif
Gargždai ListenInfo 15,212 16,814 1792 Klaipėda County Klaipėda District Municipality
19
Coat of arms of Silute (Lithuania).svg
Šilutė ListenInfo 21,476 16,812 1941 Klaipėda County Šilutė District Municipality
20
Radviliskis COA.gif
Radviliškis ListenInfo 20,339 16,344 1923 Šiauliai County Radviliškis District Municipality
21
Coat of arms of Palanga (Lithuania).svg
Palanga ListenInfo 17,623 15,474 1791 Klaipėda County Palanga City Municipality
22
Birzai COA.png
Biržai ListenInfo 15,262 15,262 1589 Panevėžys County Biržai District Municipality
23
Rokiskis COA.gif
Rokiškis ListenInfo 16,746 14,351 1920 Panevėžys County Rokiškis District Municipality
24
Kursenai COA.gif
Kuršėnai ListenInfo 14,197 14,197 1946 Šiauliai County Šiauliai District Municipality
25
Coat of arms of Druskininkai (Lithuania).svg
Druskininkai ListenInfo 18,233 14,172 1893 Alytus County Druskininkai Municipality
26
Elektrenai COA.svg
Elektrėnai ListenInfo 14,050 13,664 1962 Vilnius County Elektrėnai Municipality
27
Garliava COA.svg
Garliava ListenInfo 13,322 13,423 1958 Kaunas County Kaunas District Municipality
28
Jurbarkas COA.gif
Jurbarkas ListenInfo 13,797 12,972 1611 Tauragė County Jurbarkas District Municipality
29
Raseiniai COA.gif
Raseiniai ListenInfo 12,541 11,203 1492–1506 Kaunas County Raseiniai District Municipality
30
Vilkaviškis CoA.svg
Vilkaviškis ListenInfo 13,283 11,117 1660 Marijampolė County Vilkaviškis District Municipality
31
Lentvaris COA.svg
Lentvaris ListenInfo 11,773 11,105 1946 Vilnius County Trakai District Municipality
32
Coat of arms of Joniskis.svg
Joniškis ListenInfo 11,329 10,881 1616 Šiauliai County Joniškis District Municipality
33
Grigiskes COA.gif
Grigiškės ListenInfo 11,448 10,867 1958 Vilnius County Vilnius City Municipality
34
Anyksciai COA.gif
Anykščiai ListenInfo 11,958 10,575 1516 Utena County Anykščiai District Municipality
35
Kelmes-herbas.svg
Kelmė ListenInfo 10,900 10,302 1947 Šiauliai County Kelmė District Municipality
36
Varena COA.gif
Varėna ListenInfo 10,845 10,296 1946 Alytus County Varėna District Municipality
37
Prienai COA.gif
Prienai ListenInfo 11,353 9,867 1609 Kaunas County Prienai District Municipality
38
Kaisiadorys COA.gif
Kaišiadorys ListenInfo 10,002 9,729 1946 Kaunas County Kaišiadorys District Municipality
39
Naujoji Akmene COA.gif
Naujoji Akmenė ListenInfo 12,345 9,300 1792 Šiauliai County Akmenė District Municipality
40
Pasvalys COA.gif
Pasvalys ListenInfo 8,709 8,296 1946 Panevėžys County Pasvalys District Municipality
41
Kupiskis COA.gif
Kupiškis ListenInfo 8,451 8,082 1791 Panevėžys County Kupiškis District Municipality
42
Coat of arms of Zarasai.svg
Zarasai ListenInfo 8,365 7,766 1843 Utena County Zarasai District Municipality
43
Skuodas COA.gif
Skuodas ListenInfo 7,896 7,358 1572 Klaipėda County Skuodas District Municipality
44
Coat of arms of Kazlu Ruda (Lithuania).svg
Kazlų Rūda ListenInfo 7,401 7,162 1950 Marijampolė County Kazlų Rūda Municipality
45
Coat of arms of Širvintos (Lithuania).svg
Širvintos ListenInfo 7,273 7,070 1950 Vilnius County Širvintos District Municipality
46
Coat of arms of Moletai (Lithuania).svg
Molėtai ListenInfo 7,221 6,949 1956 Utena County Molėtai District Municipality
47
Herb Soleczników.svg
Šalčininkai ListenInfo 6,722 6,563 1956 Vilnius County Šalčininkai District Municipality
48
Sakiai COA.gif
Šakiai ListenInfo 6,795 6,511 1776 Marijampolė County Šakiai District Municipality
49
Herb Nowych Święcian.svg
Švenčionėliai ListenInfo 6,923 6,346 1920 Vilnius County Švenčionys District Municipality
50
Coa pabrade.png
Pabradė ListenInfo 6,525 6,236 1946 Vilnius County Švenčionys District Municipality
51
Kybartai COA.gif
Kybartai ListenInfo 6,556 6,209 1947 Marijampolė County Vilkaviškis District Municipality
52
Coat of arms of Ignalina (Lithuania).svg
Ignalina ListenInfo 6,591 6,119 1950 Utena County Ignalina District Municipality
53
Coat of arms of Šilalė.svg
Šilalė ListenInfo 6,281 6,037 1950 Tauragė County Šilalė District Municipality
54
Nemencine COA.gif
Nemenčinė ListenInfo 5,892 5,876 1955 Vilnius County Vilnius District Municipality
55
Coat of arms of Pakruojis (Lithuania).svg
Pakruojis ListenInfo 6,057 5,750 1950 Šiauliai County Pakruojis District Municipality
56
Herb Święcian.svg
Švenčionys ListenInfo 5,684 5,566 1800 Vilnius County Švenčionys district
57
Trakai (Lithuania) CoA.svg
Trakai ListenInfo 5,725 5,373 1409 Vilnius County Trakai District Municipality
58
Vievis COA.gif
Vievis ListenInfo 5,303 5,049 1950 Vilnius County Elektrėnai Municipality
59
Kalvarija COA.gif
Kalvarija ListenInfo 5,090 5,013 1791 Marijampolė County Kalvarija Municipality
60
Lazdijai COA.gif
Lazdijai ListenInfo 5,140 4,811 1957 Alytus County Lazdijai District Municipality
61
Rietavas COA.gif
Rietavas ListenInfo 3,979 3,843 1792 Telšiai County Rietavas Municipality
62
Ziezmariai COA.gif
Žiežmariai ListenInfo 3,884 3,759 1792 Kaunas County Kaišiadorys District Municipality
63
Eisiskes COA.png
Eišiškės ListenInfo 3,765 3,610 1950 Vilnius County Šalčininkai District Municipality
64
Coat of arms of Ariogala.svg
Ariogala ListenInfo 3,697 3,458 1792 Kaunas County Raseiniai District Municipality
65
Coat of arms of Neringa (Lithuania).svg
Neringa ListenInfo 2,386 3,371 1961 Klaipėda County Neringa Municipality
66
Seduva COA.gif
Šeduva ListenInfo 3,400 3,200 1654 Šiauliai County Radviliškis District Municipality
67
Birstonas COA.svg
Birštonas ListenInfo 3,225 3,172 1518? Kaunas County Birštonas Municipality
68
Venta COA.gif
Venta ListenInfo 3,412 2,959 1978 Šiauliai County Akmenė District Municipality
69
Coat of arms of Akmenė (Lithuania).svg
Akmenė ListenInfo 3,140 2,690 1792 Šiauliai County Akmenė District Municipality
69
TytuvenaiCOA.jpg
Tytuvėnai ListenInfo 2,851 2,690 1956 Šiauliai County Kelmė District Municipality
71
LIT Rudziszki COA.jpg
Rūdiškės ListenInfo 2,559 2,472 1958 Vilnius County Trakai District Municipality
72
Vilkija COA.gif
Vilkija ListenInfo 2,338 2,301 1792 Kaunas County Kaunas District Municipality
73
Pagegiai COA.gif
Pagėgiai ListenInfo 2,393 2,236 1923 Tauragė County Pagėgiai Municipality
74
LIT Wieksznie COA.jpg
Viekšniai ListenInfo 2,270 2,198 1791 Telšiai County Mažeikiai District Municipality
75
Coat of arms of Žagarė.svg
Žagarė ListenInfo 2,312 2,115 1924 Šiauliai County Joniškis District Municipality
76
Ezerelis COA.svg
Ežerėlis ListenInfo 2,051 2,014 1956 Kaunas County Kaunas District Municipality
77
LIT Skaudwile COA.jpg
Skaudvilė ListenInfo 2,140 1,976 1950 Tauragė County Tauragė District Municipality
78
Gelgaudiskis COA.gif
Gelgaudiškis ListenInfo 2,029 1,936 1958 Marijampolė County Šakiai District Municipality
79
Kudirkos Naumiestis COA.gif
Kudirkos Naumiestis ListenInfo 1,997 1,916 1643 Marijampolė County Šakiai District Municipality
80
Simnas COA.gif
Simnas ListenInfo 1,980 1,844 1626 Alytus County Alytus District Municipality
81
Salantai COA.gif
Salantai ListenInfo 1,942 1,825 1746 Klaipėda County Kretinga District Municipality
82
Linkuva COA.gif
Linkuva ListenInfo 1,797 1,735 1950 Šiauliai County Pakruojis District Municipality
83
LIT Remigoła COA.png
Ramygala ListenInfo 1,733 1,695 1957 Panevėžys County Panevėžys District Municipality
84
Priekule COA.gif
Priekulė ListenInfo 1,725 1,663 1948 Klaipėda County Klaipėda District Municipality
85
LIT Wiejsieje COA.gif
Veisiejai ListenInfo 1,762 1,592 1956 Alytus County Lazdijai District Municipality
86
Coat of arms of Daugai.svg
Daugai ListenInfo 1,458 1,432 1792 Alytus County Alytus District Municipality
87
LIT Johaniszkiele COA.jpg
Joniškėlis ListenInfo 1,477 1,389 1736 Panevėžys County Pasvalys District Municipality
88
Jieznas COA.gif
Jieznas ListenInfo 1,476 1,311 1956 Kaunas County Prienai District Municipality
89
Obeliai COA.gif
Obeliai ListenInfo 1,371 1,293 1956 Panevėžys County Rokiškis District Municipality
90
Varniai COA.gif
Varniai ListenInfo 1,355 1,258 1950 Telšiai County Telšiai District Municipality
91
Virbalis COA.gif
Virbalis ListenInfo 1,351 1,250 1593 Marijampolė County Vilkaviškis District Municipality
92
Seda COA.gif
Seda ListenInfo 1,309 1,189 1950 Telšiai County Mažeikiai District Municipality
93
Vabalninkas COA.gif
Vabalninkas ListenInfo 1,328 1,155 1775 Panevėžys County Biržai District Municipality
94 Subačius ListenInfo 1,180 1,105 1958 Panevėžys County Kupiškis District Municipality
95
Herb Białej Waki.svg
Baltoji Vokė ListenInfo 1,073 1,073 1958 Vilnius County Šalčininkai District Municipality
96
Pandelys COA.gif
Pandėlys ListenInfo 1,024 941 1956 Panevėžys County Rokiškis District Municipality
97
Dukstoherbas.PNG
Dūkštas ListenInfo 1,070 930 1956 Utena County Ignalina District Municipality
98
Uzventis COA.gif
Užventis ListenInfo 898 844 1746 Šiauliai County Kelmė District Municipality
99
Dusetos COA.gif
Dusetos ListenInfo 914 831 1950 Utena County Zarasai District Municipality
100
Kavarsko herbas.jpg
Kavarskas ListenInfo 809 692 1956 Utena County Anykščiai District Municipality
101 Smalininkai ListenInfo 653 600 1945 Tauragė County Jurbarkas District Municipality
102
TroskunaiCOA.svg
Troškūnai ListenInfo 525 451 1956 Utena County Anykščiai District Municipality
103 Panemunė ListenInfo 329 319 1837 Tauragė County Pagėgiai Municipality

Map

Map showing all cities marked with red dots. Bigger cities are written in larger letters. Click on the map for better resolution.

Lietuva All Cities.png

Gallery

See also

Notes and sources

  • Population sizes are given according to Department of Statistics to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania (Statistics Lithuania) data for the census of 2001.
  • "City rights" means rights to self-governing. For older cities usually it is the date when Magdeburg rights were granted. Most dates are obtained from Lithuanian Wikipedia which assembled the information from several different sources. One of the main sources was Population Statistics. This information cannot be completely trusted.
  • Counties, municipalities and elderates are given according to Lithuanian Central Internet Gates data.
  • Stasys Vaitiekūnas, Elena Valančienė, Lietuvos geografija (Geography of Lithuania), Alma littera, 2004, pages 160-162. ISBN 9955-08-534-7
  • Lietuvos Respublikos teritorijos administracinių vienetų ir jų ribų įstatymas (Republic of Lithuania Law on Administrative Units and Their Borders), Seimas law database, June 19, 1994, law no. I-558.
  • At the time of 2001 census, there were 106 cities in Lithuania. Government of Republic of Lithuania made these changes:
  • On December 16, 2002 Juodupė lost city status and became a town;
  • On February 25, 2003 Kulautuva lost city status and became a town;
  • On April 8, 2003 Tyruliai lost city status and became a town.
  • Cities without coat of arms image do not have it confirmed by the President of Lithuania. Municipalities share coat of arms with their capitals with the exception of cities which are capitals of more than one municipality (i.e. a city municipality and a district municipality) in which case the city municipality shares the coat of arms with the city, while the district municipality has its own distinct coat of arms. Another notable exception is Trakai town, which has different coat of arms than does its municipality (Trakai District Municipality).
This page was last edited on 30 September 2019, at 11:07
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