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List of municipalities in Connecticut

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Municipalities of Connecticut
Towns of connecticut.svg
Towns (light grey) and cities (dark grey) of Connecticut
LocationState of Connecticut
Number169
Populations785 (Union) – 148,654 (Bridgeport)
Areas4.98 square miles (12.9 km2) (Derby) – 61.59 square miles (159.5 km2) (New Milford)
Government

The U.S. state of Connecticut is divided into 169 towns (including 21 cities), which are grouped into eight counties.

Towns traditionally have a town meeting form of government; under the Home Rule Act, however, towns are free to choose their own government structure. Nineteen of the towns in Connecticut are consolidated city-towns, and one (Naugatuck) is a consolidated borough-town.

City incorporation requires a Special Act by the Connecticut General Assembly. All cities in Connecticut are dependent municipalities, meaning they are located within and subordinate to a town. However, except for one, all currently existing cities in Connecticut are consolidated with their parent town. Former inner-cities are listed in a separate table below.

Towns in Connecticut are allowed to adopt a city form of government without the need to re-incorporate as an inner-city. Connecticut state law also makes no distinction between a consolidated town/city and a regular town. Bolded city names indicate the state's largest cities, with the most populated being Bridgeport. Currently, Tolland County and Windham County are the only counties in Connecticut without a single city in them.

List of municipalities in Connecticut

Name Designation Date
established
Land area
(square miles)
Population
(in 2010)[1]
Population
(in 2020)[1]
Change Form of
government
County Council of Governments Native American
name
Andover Town 1848 15.46 3,303 3,151 −4.6% Town meeting Tolland County Capitol Region
Ansonia City 1889 6.03 19,249 18,918 −1.7% Mayor-council New Haven County Naugatuck Valley
Ashford Town 1714 38.79 4,317 4,191 −2.9% Town meeting Windham County Northeast CT
Avon Town 1830 23.12 18,098 18,932 +4.6% Council-manager Hartford County Capitol Region
Barkhamsted Town 1779 36.22 3,799 3,647 −4.0% Town meeting Litchfield County Northwest Hills
Beacon Falls Town 1871 9.78 6,049 6,000 −0.8% Town meeting New Haven County Naugatuck Valley
Berlin Town 1785 26.45 19,866 20,175 +1.6% Council-manager Hartford County Capitol Region
Bethany Town 1832 20.97 5,563 5,297 −4.8% Town meeting New Haven County South Central
Bethel Town 1855 16.79 18,584 20,358 +9.5% Town meeting Fairfield County Western CT
Bethlehem Town 1787 19.36 3,607 3,385 −6.2% Town meeting Litchfield County Naugatuck Valley
Bloomfield Town 1835 26.01 20,486 21,535 +5.1% Council-manager Hartford County Capitol Region
Bolton Town 1720 14.41 4,980 4,858 −2.4% Town meeting Tolland County Capitol Region
Bozrah Town 1786 19.97 2,627 2,429 −7.5% Town meeting New London County Southeastern CT
Branford Town 1685 21.98 28,026 28,273 +0.9% Representative town meeting New Haven County South Central Totoket
Bridgeport City 1821 16 144,229 148,654 +3.1% Mayor-council Fairfield County CT Metropolitan Pequonock
Bridgewater Town 1856 16.23 1,727 1,662 −3.8% Town meeting Litchfield County Western CT
Bristol City 1785 26.51 60,477 60,833 +0.6% Mayor-council Hartford County Naugatuck Valley
Brookfield Town 1788 19.8 16,452 17,528 +6.5% Town meeting Fairfield County Western CT
Brooklyn Town 1786 28.97 8,210 8,450 +2.9% Town meeting Windham County Northeast CT
Burlington Town 1806 29.8 9,301 9,519 +2.3% Town meeting Hartford County Northwest Hills
Canaan Town 1739 32.95 1,234 1,080 −12.5% Town meeting Litchfield County Northwest Hills
Canterbury Town 1703 39.9 5,132 5,045 −1.7% Town meeting Windham County Northeast CT Peagscomsueck
Canton Town 1806 24.57 10,292 10,124 −1.6% Town meeting Hartford County Capitol Region
Chaplin Town 1822 19.43 2,305 2,151 −6.7% Town meeting Windham County Northeast CT
Cheshire Town 1780 32.91 29,261 28,733 −1.8% Council-manager New Haven County Naugatuck Valley
Chester Town 1836 16.03 3,994 3,749 −6.1% Town meeting Middlesex County Lower CT River
Clinton Town 1838 16.28 13,260 13,185 −0.6% Town meeting Middlesex County Lower CT River
Colchester Town 1698 49.06 16,068 15,555 −3.2% Town meeting New London County Southeastern CT
Colebrook Town 1779 31.47 1,485 1,361 −8.4% Town meeting Litchfield County Northwest Hills
Columbia Town 1804 21.36 5,485 5,272 −3.9% Town meeting Tolland County Capitol Region
Cornwall Town 1740 46.01 1,420 1,567 +10.4% Town meeting Litchfield County Northwest Hills
Coventry Town 1712 37.72 12,435 12,235 −1.6% Council-manager Tolland County Capitol Region
Cromwell Town 1851 12.39 14,005 14,225 +1.6% Town meeting Middlesex County Lower CT River
Danbury City 1687 42.11 80,893 86,518 +7.0% Mayor-council Fairfield County Western CT Pahquioque
Darien Town 1820 12.86 20,732 21,499 +3.7% Representative town meeting Fairfield County Western CT
Deep River Town 1635 13.55 4,629 4,415 −4.6% Town meeting Middlesex County Lower CT River Pattaquasset
Derby City 1675 4.98 12,902 12,325 −4.5% Mayor-council New Haven County Naugatuck Valley Paugasset
Durham Town 1708 23.6 7,388 7,152 −3.2% Town meeting Middlesex County Lower CT River Coginchaug
East Granby Town 1858 17.48 5,148 5,214 +1.3% Town meeting Hartford County Capitol Region
East Haddam Town 1734 54.33 9,126 8,875 −2.8% Town meeting Middlesex County Lower CT River Macki-moodus
East Hampton Town 1767 35.59 12,959 12,717 −1.9% Council-manager Middlesex County Lower CT River
East Hartford Town 1783 18.02 51,252 51,045 −0.4% Mayor-council Hartford County Capitol Region Podunk[2]
East Haven Town 1785 12.26 29,257 27,923 −4.6% Mayor-council New Haven County South Central
East Lyme Town 1839 34.03 19,159 18,693 −2.4% Town meeting New London County Southeastern CT
East Windsor Town 1768 26.29 11,162 11,190 +0.3% Town meeting Hartford County Capitol Region
Eastford Town 1847 28.89 1,749 1,649 −5.7% Town meeting Windham County Northeast CT
Easton Town 1845 27.42 7,490 7,605 +1.5% Town meeting Fairfield County CT Metropolitan
Ellington Town 1786 34.05 15,602 16,426 +5.3% Town meeting Tolland County Capitol Region
Enfield Town 1683 33.38 44,654 42,141 −5.6% Council-manager Hartford County Capitol Region
Essex Town 1852 10.36 6,683 6,733 +0.7% Town meeting Middlesex County Lower CT River Patapoug
Fairfield Town 1666 30.03 59,404 61,512 +3.5% Representative town meeting Fairfield County CT Metropolitan Uncoway
Farmington Town 1645 28.06 25,340 26,712 +5.4% Council-manager Hartford County Capitol Region
Franklin Town 1786 19.51 1,922 1,863 −3.1% Town meeting New London County Southeastern CT
Glastonbury Town 1690 51.37 34,427 35,159 +2.1% Council-manager Hartford County Capitol Region
Goshen Town 1739 43.66 2,976 3,150 +5.8% Town meeting Litchfield County Northwest Hills
Granby Town 1786 40.69 11,282 10,903 −3.4% Council-manager Hartford County Capitol Region
Greenwich Town 1665 47.83 61,171 63,518 +3.8% Representative town meeting Fairfield County Western CT Patuquapaen
Griswold Town 1815 34.95 11,951 11,402 −4.6% Town meeting New London County Southeastern CT
Groton Town 1705 31.3 40,115 38,411 −4.2% Representative town meeting New London County Southeastern CT
Guilford Town 1639 47.05 22,375 22,073 −1.3% Town meeting New Haven County South Central Menunkatuck
Haddam Town 1662 44.03 8,346 8,452 +1.3% Town meeting Middlesex County Lower CT River
Hamden Town 1786 32.78 60,960 61,169 +0.3% Mayor-council New Haven County South Central
Hampton Town 1786 25 1,863 1,728 −7.2% Town meeting Windham County Northeast CT
Hartford City 1635 17.31 124,775 121,054 −3.0% Mayor-council Hartford County Capitol Region Suckiag
Hartland Town 1761 33.03 2,114 1,901 −10.1% Town meeting Hartford County Northwest Hills
Harwinton Town 1737 30.75 5,642 5,484 −2.8% Town meeting Litchfield County Northwest Hills
Hebron Town 1708 36.9 9,686 9,098 −6.1% Town meeting Tolland County Capitol Region
Kent Town 1739 48.47 2,979 3,019 +1.3% Town meeting Litchfield County Northwest Hills Scatacook
Killingly Town 1708 48.52 17,370 17,752 +2.2% Council-manager Windham County Northeast CT Aspinock
Killingworth Town 1667 35.33 6,525 6,174 −5.4% Town meeting Middlesex County Lower CT River Hammonasset
Lebanon Town 1700 54.11 7,308 7,142 −2.3% Town meeting New London County Southeastern CT
Ledyard Town 1836 38.14 15,051 15,413 +2.4% Mayor-council New London County Southeastern CT
Lisbon Town 1786 16.26 4,338 4,195 −3.3% Town meeting New London County Southeastern CT
Litchfield Town 1719 56.06 8,466 8,192 −3.2% Town meeting Litchfield County Northwest Hills Bantam
Lyme Town 1667 31.85 2,406 2,352 −2.2% Town meeting New London County Lower CT River
Madison Town 1826 36.2 18,269 17,691 −3.2% Town meeting New Haven County South Central
Manchester Town 1823 27.26 58,241 59,713 +2.5% Council-manager Hartford County Capitol Region
Mansfield Town 1702 44.46 26,543 25,892 −2.5% Council-manager Tolland County Capitol Region Noubesetuck
Marlborough Town 1803 23.28 6,404 6,133 −4.2% Town meeting Hartford County Capitol Region
Meriden City 1806 23.75 60,868 60,850 0.0% Council-manager New Haven County South Central
Middlebury Town 1807 17.75 7,575 7,574 0.0% Town meeting New Haven County Naugatuck Valley
Middlefield Town 1866 12.7 4,425 4,217 −4.7% Town meeting Middlesex County Lower CT River
Middletown City 1651 40.9 47,648 47,717 +0.1% Mayor-council Middlesex County Lower CT River Mattabeset
Milford City 1639 22.56 52,759 52,044 −1.4% Mayor-council New Haven County South Central Wepawaug
Monroe Town 1823 26.13 19,479 18,825 −3.4% Town meeting Fairfield County CT Metropolitan
Montville Town 1786 42.02 19,571 18,387 −6.0% Mayor-council New London County Southeastern CT
Morris Town 1859 17.19 2,388 2,256 −5.5% Town meeting Litchfield County Northwest Hills
Naugatuck Borough 1844 16.39 31,862 31,519 −1.1% Mayor-council New Haven County Naugatuck Valley
New Britain City 1850 13.34 73,206 74,135 +1.3% Mayor-council Hartford County Capitol Region
New Canaan Town 1801 22.13 19,738 20,622 +4.5% Mayor-council Fairfield County Western CT
New Fairfield Town 1740 20.46 13,881 13,579 −2.2% Town meeting Fairfield County Western CT
New Hartford Town 1738 37.03 6,970 6,658 −4.5% Town meeting Litchfield County Northwest Hills
New Haven City 1638 18.85 129,779 134,023 +3.3% Mayor-council New Haven County South Central Quinnipiac
New London City 1646 5.54 27,620 27,367 −0.9% Mayor-council New London County Southeastern CT Nameaug
New Milford Town 1712 61.59 28,142 28,115 −0.1% Mayor-council Litchfield County Western CT Weantinogue
Newington Town 1871 13.18 30,562 30,536 −0.1% Council-manager Hartford County Capitol Region
Newtown Town 1711 57.76 27,560 27,173 −1.4% Town meeting Fairfield County Western CT Quonapague
Norfolk Town 1758 45.31 1,709 1,588 −7.1% Town meeting Litchfield County Northwest Hills
North Branford Town 1831 24.92 14,407 13,544 −6.0% Council-manager New Haven County South Central
North Canaan Town 1858 19.45 3,315 3,211 −3.1% Town meeting Litchfield County Northwest Hills
North Haven Town 1786 20.77 24,093 24,253 +0.7% Town meeting New Haven County South Central
North Stonington Town 1807 54.31 5,297 5,149 −2.8% Town meeting New London County Southeastern CT
Norwalk City 1651 22.81 85,603 91,184 +6.5% Mayor-council Fairfield County Western CT Naramauke
Norwich City 1662 28.33 40,493 40,125 −0.9% Council-manager New London County Southeastern CT Mohegan
Old Lyme Town 1855 23.1 7,603 7,628 +0.3% Town meeting New London County Lower CT River
Old Saybrook Town 1854 15.04 10,242 10,481 +2.3% Town meeting Middlesex County Lower CT River
Orange Town 1822 17.19 13,956 14,280 +2.3% Town meeting New Haven County South Central
Oxford Town 1798 32.89 12,683 12,706 +0.2% Town meeting New Haven County Naugatuck Valley
Plainfield Town 1699 42.27 15,405 14,973 −2.8% Town meeting Windham County Northeast CT
Plainville Town 1869 9.76 17,716 17,525 −1.1% Council-manager Hartford County Capitol Region
Plymouth Town 1795 21.72 12,243 11,671 −4.7% Mayor-council Litchfield County Naugatuck Valley
Pomfret Town 1713 40.3 4,247 4,266 +0.4% Town meeting Windham County Northeast CT Mashamoquet
Portland Town 1841 23.4 9,508 9,384 −1.3% Town meeting Middlesex County Lower CT River
Preston Town 1687 30.9 4,726 4,788 +1.3% Town meeting New London County Southeastern CT
Prospect Town 1827 14.32 9,405 9,401 0.0% Mayor-council New Haven County Naugatuck Valley
Putnam Town 1855 20.29 9,584 9,224 −3.8% Town meeting Windham County Northeast CT Quinebaug
Redding Town 1767 31.5 9,158 8,765 −4.3% Town meeting Fairfield County Western CT
Ridgefield Town 1709 34.43 24,638 25,033 +1.6% Town meeting Fairfield County Western CT Caudatowa
Rocky Hill Town 1843 13.45 19,709 20,845 +5.8% Mayor-council Hartford County Capitol Region
Roxbury Town 1796 26.23 2,262 2,260 −0.1% Town meeting Litchfield County Northwest Hills Shepaug
Salem Town 1819 28.95 4,151 4,213 +1.5% Town meeting New London County Southeastern CT
Salisbury Town 1741 57.32 3,741 4,194 +12.1% Town meeting Litchfield County Northwest Hills Weatogue
Scotland Town 1857 18.61 1,726 1,576 −8.7% Town meeting Windham County Northeast CT
Seymour Town 1850 14.57 16,540 16,748 +1.3% Town meeting New Haven County Naugatuck Valley Naugatuck
Sharon Town 1739 58.7 2,782 2,680 −3.7% Town meeting Litchfield County Northwest Hills
Shelton City 1789 30.57 39,559 40,869 +3.3% Mayor-council Fairfield County Naugatuck Valley Quorum
Sherman Town 1802 21.8 3,581 3,527 −1.5% Town meeting Fairfield County Western CT
Simsbury Town 1670 33.88 23,511 24,517 +4.3% Town meeting Hartford County Capitol Region
Somers Town 1734 28.34 11,444 10,255 −10.4% Town meeting Tolland County Capitol Region
South Windsor Town 1845 27.96 25,709 26,918 +4.7% Council-manager Hartford County Capitol Region
Southbury Town 1787 39.06 19,904 19,879 −0.1% Town meeting New Haven County Naugatuck Valley
Southington Town 1779 35.99 43,069 43,501 +1.0% Council-manager Hartford County Capitol Region
Sprague Town 1861 13.21 2,984 2,967 −0.6% Town meeting New London County Southeastern CT
Stafford Town 1719 57.96 12,087 11,472 −5.1% Town meeting Tolland County Capitol Region
Stamford City 1641 37.75 122,643 135,470 +10.5% Mayor-council Fairfield County Western CT Rippowam
Sterling Town 1794 27.23 3,830 3,578 −6.6% Town meeting Windham County Northeast CT
Stonington Town 1662 38.69 18,545 18,335 −1.1% Town meeting New London County Southeastern CT Pawcatuck, Mistack
Stratford Town 1639 17.59 51,384 52,355 +1.9% Mayor-council Fairfield County CT Metropolitan Cupheag
Suffield Town 1674 42.21 15,735 15,752 +0.1% Town meeting Hartford County Capitol Region
Thomaston Town 1875 12.01 7,887 7,442 −5.6% Town meeting Litchfield County Naugatuck Valley
Thompson Town 1785 46.94 9,458 9,189 −2.8% Town meeting Windham County Northeast CT
Tolland Town 1715 39.71 15,052 14,563 −3.2% Council-manager Tolland County Capitol Region
Torrington City 1740 39.79 36,383 35,515 −2.4% Mayor-council Litchfield County Northwest Hills
Trumbull Town 1797 23.29 36,018 36,827 +2.2% Mayor-council Fairfield County CT Metropolitan
Union Town 1734 28.71 854 785 −8.1% Town meeting Tolland County Northeast CT
Vernon Town 1808 17.73 29,179 30,215 +3.6% Mayor-council Tolland County Capitol Region
Voluntown Town 1721 38.92 2,603 2,570 −1.3% Town meeting New London County Northeast CT
Wallingford Town 1670 39.02 45,135 44,396 −1.6% Mayor-council New Haven County South Central Quinnipiac
Warren Town 1786 26.31 1,461 1,351 −7.5% Town meeting Litchfield County Northwest Hills
Washington Town 1779 38.19 3,578 3,646 +1.9% Town meeting Litchfield County Northwest Hills
Waterbury City 1686 28.57 110,366 114,403 +3.7% Mayor-council New Haven County Naugatuck Valley Mattatuck
Waterford Town 1801 32.75 19,517 19,571 +0.3% Representative town meeting New London County Southeastern CT
Watertown Town 1780 29.15 22,514 22,105 −1.8% Council-manager Litchfield County Naugatuck Valley
West Hartford Town 1854 21.98 63,268 64,083 +1.3% Council-manager Hartford County Capitol Region
West Haven City 1921 10.84 55,564 55,584 0.0% Mayor-council New Haven County South Central
Westbrook Town 1840 15.72 6,938 6,769 −2.4% Town meeting Middlesex County Lower CT River Pochaug
Weston Town 1787 19.8 10,179 10,354 +1.7% Town meeting Fairfield County Western CT Aspetuck
Westport Town 1835 20.01 26,391 27,141 +2.8% Representative town meeting Fairfield County Western CT Saugatuck
Wethersfield Town 1634 12.39 26,668 27,298 +2.4% Council-manager Hartford County Capitol Region Pyquag
Willington Town 1727 33.27 6,041 5,566 −7.9% Town meeting Tolland County Capitol Region
Wilton Town 1802 26.95 18,062 18,503 +2.4% Town meeting Fairfield County Western CT
Winchester Town 1771 32.28 11,242 10,224 −9.1% Council-manager Litchfield County Northwest Hills
Windham Town 1692 27.07 25,268 24,425 −3.3% Town meeting Windham County Southeastern CT
Windsor Town 1633 29.63 29,044 29,492 +1.5% Council-manager Hartford County Capitol Region
Windsor Locks Town 1854 9.03 12,498 12,613 +0.9% Town meeting Hartford County Capitol Region
Wolcott Town 1796 20.43 16,680 16,142 −3.2% Mayor-council New Haven County Naugatuck Valley
Woodbridge Town 1784 18.83 8,990 9,087 +1.1% Town meeting New Haven County South Central
Woodbury Town 1673 36.47 9,975 9,723 −2.5% Town meeting Litchfield County Naugatuck Valley Pomperaug
Woodstock Town 1686 60.54 7,964 8,221 +3.2% Town meeting Windham County Northeast CT
 
 
Total: 4,844.80 3,573,711 3,607,964 0.9%

Cities

City County Population (2020) Date chartered as city Date consolidated with town
Ansonia New Haven 18,918 1893 1893
Bridgeport Fairfield 148,654 1836 1889
Bristol Hartford 60,833 1911 1911
Danbury Fairfield 86,518 1889 1965
Derby New Haven 12,325 1893 1893
Groton New London 9,349 1964 Not consolidated
Hartford Hartford 121,054 1784 1896
Meriden New Haven 60,850 1867 1922
Middletown Middlesex 47,717 1784 1924
Milford New Haven 50,558 1959 1959
New Britain Hartford 74,135 1870 1906
New Haven New Haven 134,023 1784 1897
New London New London 27,367 1784 1874
Norwalk Fairfield 91,184 1893 1913
Norwich New London 40,125 1784 1952
Shelton Fairfield 40,869 1915 1915
Stamford Fairfield 135,470 1893 1949
Torrington Litchfield 35,515 1923 1923
Waterbury New Haven 114,403 1853 1902
West Haven New Haven 55,584 1961 1961
Winsted Litchfield 7,712 (2010 population) 1917 1915

Former cities

Former city County Date chartered as city Date of disestablishment Disposition
South Norwalk Fairfield 1871 1913 Consolidated with Town and City of Norwalk in 1913.

Now a neighborhood and a taxing district

Rockville Tolland 1889 1965 Consolidated with the Town of Vernon. Now a CDP.
Willimantic Windham 1893 1983 Now a CDP in the town of Windham
Putnam Windham 1895 1984 Now a CDP in the town of Putnam

Gallery

Boroughs

Name Parent town Population
(2020)
Area (2020) Coordinates
sq mi km2
Bantam Litchfield 720 1.01 2.6 41°43′24″N 73°14′26″W / 41.72333°N 73.24056°W / 41.72333; -73.24056
Danielson Killingly 4,155 1.16 3.0 41°48′29″N 71°53′03″W / 41.80806°N 71.88417°W / 41.80806; -71.88417
Fenwick Old Saybrook 53 0.39 1.0 41°16′12″N 72°21′26″W / 41.27000°N 72.35722°W / 41.27000; -72.35722
Groton Long Point Groton 530 0.4 1.0 41°18′52″N 72°00′28″W / 41.31444°N 72.00778°W / 41.31444; -72.00778
Jewett City Griswold 3,328 0.74 1.9 41°36′26″N 71°58′47″W / 41.60722°N 71.97972°W / 41.60722; -71.97972
Litchfield Litchfield 1,179 1.37 3.5 41°44′51″N 73°11′17″W / 41.74750°N 73.18806°W / 41.74750; -73.18806
Naugatuck[a]   31,519 16.39 42.4 41°29′23″N 73°03′05″W / 41.48972°N 73.05139°W / 41.48972; -73.05139
Newtown Newtown 1,914 2.3 6.0 41°24′42.82″N 73°18′43.01″W / 41.4118944°N 73.3119472°W / 41.4118944; -73.3119472
Stonington Stonington 976 0.7 1.8 41°20′5.15″N 71°53′58.05″W / 41.3347639°N 71.8994583°W / 41.3347639; -71.8994583
Woodmont Milford 1,486 0.99 2.6 41°13′41″N 72°59′32″W / 41.22806°N 72.99222°W / 41.22806; -72.99222

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Naugatuck is a consolidated borough and town.

References

  1. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2021.
  2. ^ Nick Bacon. "Podunk After Pratt: Place and Placelessness in East Hartford, CT.” In Confronting Urban Legacy: Rediscovering Hartford and New England’s Forgotten Cities. Xiangming Chen and Nick Bacon (eds). Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2013.

External links


This page was last edited on 24 July 2022, at 05:07
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