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List of cities by GDP

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of cities and/or their metropolitan areas in the world by GDP. The methodology may differ between the studies and are widely based on projections and sometimes approximate estimations, notably for non-OECD cities (refer to sources for more information.)


City/Metropolitan area Country/Region UNSD
sub‑region[1]
Official est.
Nominal
GDP ($BN)
Brookings Institution[2]
2014 est.
PPP-adjusted
GDP ($BN)
PwC[3]
2008 est.
PPP-adjusted
GDP ($BN)
McKinsey[4]
2010 est.
Nominal
GDP ($BN)
Other est.
Nominal
GDP ($BN)
Aachen-Liège  Belgium Western Europe 99.7
Aberdeen  United Kingdom Northern Europe 11.3 (2008)[5]
Abidjan  Ivory Coast Africa 13
Abu Dhabi  United Arab Emirates Western Asia 119[6] 178.3 67.1
Addis Ababa  Ethiopia Africa 12
Adelaide  Australia Oceania 59.1 (2015–16)[7] 47.4
Ahmedabad  India South Asia 59 22
Akron  United States North America 37.300 (2016)[8] 32.8
Albany  United States North America 52.339 (2016)[8] 58.4
Albuquerque  United States North America 43.250 (2016)[8] 39.9
Alexandria  Egypt Africa 32.4 46
Algiers  Algeria Africa 45
Allentown  United States North America 42.700 (2016)[8] 37.3
Almaty  Kazakhstan East Asia 53.1
Amsterdam  Netherlands Western Europe 154.0 (2015)[9] 320.6[Note 1] 47
Anápolis  Brazil South America 6.740 (2011)[10]
Ankara  Turkey Western Asia 104.9 58 64.9
Anshan  China East Asia 67.4
Arnhem-Nijmegen  Netherlands Western Europe 27.9 (2016)[9] 44.4
Athens  Greece Southern Europe 93.7 (2015)[9] 129.6 96
Atlanta  United States North America 363.768 (2016)[8] 294.4 304 249.7 242.4[11]
Auckland  New Zealand Oceania 49.5 55
Austin  United States North America 135.010 (2016)[8] 107.4
Bakersfield  United States North America 35.162 (2016)[8] 47.9
Baghdad  Iraq Western Asia 24
Baltimore  United States North America 187.395 (2016)[8] 173.7 137 118.1[11]
Bandung  Indonesia South-East Asia 21
Bangalore  India South Asia 45.1 69 28.6
Bangkok  Thailand South-East Asia 306.8 119 105.0
Baotou  China East Asia 40.8 (2017) [12] 94.1
Barcelona  Spain Southern Europe 167.8 (2015)[9] 171.0 177
Basel-Mulhouse   Switzerland Western Europe 56.2
Baton Rouge  United States North America 51.149 (2014)[8] 53.5
Beijing  China East Asia 441.4 (2017)[13] 506.1 166 206.2
Belfast  United Kingdom Northern Europe 25.5 (2015)[9]
Belgrade  Serbia Southern Europe 17.4 (2014)[14]
Belo Horizonte  Brazil South America 54.996 (2011)[10] 84.7 61 78.5
Berlin  Germany Western Europe 215.2 (2015)[15] 157.7 95
Bielefeld-Detmold  Germany Western Europe 50.5
Bilbao  Spain Southern Europe 36.9 (2015)[9] 38.5
Birmingham  United Kingdom Northern Europe 81.8 (2016)[9] 121.1 90
Birmingham, Alabama  United States North America 62.758 (2016)[8] 54.164
Bogotá  Colombia South America 159.9 100 221.1 (2015)
Bologna  Italy Southern Europe 43.4 (2015)[9] 36.3
Bordeaux  France Western Europe 55.9 (2015)[9] 40.2
Boston  United States North America 422.660 (2016)[8] 360.1 363 261.1[11]
Brasília  Brazil South America 164.482 (2011)[10] 141.9 110 101.6
Braunschweig-Wolfsburg  Germany Western Europe 45.5
Bremen  Germany Western Europe 30.4 (2015)[15] 47.9
Bridgeport  United States North America 102.401 (2016)[8] 70.0
Brisbane  Australia Oceania 120.6 (2015–16)[16] 96.6
Bristol  United Kingdom Northern Europe 51.5 (2016)[9] 47.7
Brussels  Belgium Western Europe 144.359 (2016)[9] 254.3 83
Bucharest  Romania Eastern Europe 49.407 (2016)[9] 72.4
Budapest  Hungary Eastern Europe 58.5 (2016)[9] 98.0 53
Buenos Aires  Argentina South America 315.9 362 191.7
Buffalo  United States North America 58.062 (2016)[8] 72.7
Bursa  Turkey Western Asia 80.1
Busan  South Korea East Asia 296.5 121
Cairo  Egypt Africa 102.2 145
Calgary  Canada North America 97.9
Cambridge  United Kingdom Northern Europe 18.6[17]
Campinas  Brazil South America 40.525 (2011)[10] 59.3
Campo Grande  Brazil South America 9.211 (2011)[10]
Campos dos Goytacazes  Brazil South America 16.174 (2011)[10]
Cape Town  South Africa Africa 58.9 103
Caracas  Venezuela South America 51.8 41 92[18]
Cardiff-Newport  United Kingdom Northern Europe 33.7 (2016)[9] 36.0
Casablanca  Morocco Africa 37.9 33
Changchun  China East Asia 96.7 (2017) [12] 124.5 26
Changsha  China East Asia 156.0 (2017) [12] 186.4 40.3
Changzhou  China East Asia 98.1 (2017) [12] 110.9 34.3
Charlotte  United States North America 163.637 (2016)[8] 126.2
Chengdu  China East Asia 205.7 (2017) [19] 233.5 33 57.8
Chennai  India South Asia 58.6 66
Chicago  United States North America 651.222 (2016)[8] 563.2 574 496.4 461.4[11]
Chittagong  Bangladesh South Asia 24
Chongqing  China East Asia 288.8 (2017) [12] 315.6 57 88.6
Cincinnati  United States North America 132.010 (2016)[8] 110.9
Cleveland  United States North America 129.440 (2016)[8] 115.1 112 99.3[11]
Columbia  United States North America 40.086 (2016)[8] 37.2
Columbus  United States North America 130.758 (2016)[8] 108.9
Copenhagen  Denmark Northern Europe 134.3 (2016)[9] 127.0[Note 2] 49
Cracow  Poland Eastern Europe 22.0 (2015)[9] 33.1
Coventry  United Kingdom Northern Europe 7.4 (2008)[5]
Curitiba  Brazil South America 58.082 (2011)[10] 57.7 44
Daegu  South Korea East Asia 54.5 43
Daejeon  South Korea East Asia 39.6
Dalian  China East Asia 109.1 (2017) [12] 198.8 53.8
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington  United States North America 511.606 (2016)[8] 412.7 338 324.9 315.5[11]
Daqing  China East Asia 39.7 (2017) [12] 98.5
Dayton  United States North America 40.572 (2016)[8] 37.5
Dar es Salaam  Tanzania Africa 8
Delhi  India South Asia 125.0 293.6 167 47.6
Denver  United States North America 197.572 (2016)[8] 169.7 165 131.6[11]
Des Moines  United States North America 50.246 (2016)[8] 39.5
Detroit  United States North America 252.691 (2016)[8] 207.5 253 198.6[11]
Dhaka  Bangladesh South Asia 78 29
Doha  Qatar Western Asia 98.8
Dongguan  China East Asia 112.3 (2017) [12] 141.1 62.7
Dongying  China East Asia 56.3 (2017) [12] 83.7
Dubai  United Arab Emirates Western Asia 82.9
Dublin  Ireland Northern Europe 127.8 (2015)[9] 90.1 61
Durban  South Africa Africa 48.9
Durham  United States North America 43.908 (2016)[8] 37.0
East Rand  South Africa Africa 55.3 54
Edinburgh  United Kingdom Northern Europe 41.8 (2016)[9] 32.5
Edmonton  Canada North America 83.0
Eindhoven-Den Bosch  Netherlands Western Europe 91.5
El Paso  United States North America 28.644 (2016)[8] 32.7
Faisalabad  Pakistan South Asia 20.55[20] 14
Florence  Italy Southern Europe 40.1 (2015)[9] 52.5
Fortaleza  Brazil South America 42.010 (2011)[10] 35.2 25
Foshan  China East Asia 141.4 (2017) [12] 184.5 83.5
Frankfurt  Germany Western Europe 230.0
Fresno  United States North America 40.465 (2016)[8] 45.5
Fukuoka–Kitakyushu  Japan East Asia 185 (2013)[21] 193.3 88[Note 3] 157.3[22]
Fuzhou  China East Asia 105.2 (2017) [12] 117.4 23.4
Geneva   Switzerland Western Europe 44.0
George Town  Malaysia South-East Asia 38.0
Glasgow  United Kingdom Northern Europe 66.4 (2016)[9] 56.7
Gothenburg  Sweden Northern Europe 84.4 (2016)[9] 40.0
Grand Rapids  United States North America 58.465 (2016)[8] 51.6
Greensboro  United States North America 39.944 (2016)[8] 40.9
Greenville  United States North America 40.693 (2016)[8] 35.6
Goiânia  Brazil South America 22.763 (2011)[10]
Guadalajara  Mexico North America 80.7 81
Guangzhou  China East Asia 341 (2017) [12] 380.3 143 146.1
Gwangju  South Korea East Asia 36.7
Haifa  Israel Western Asia 40.4
Hamamatsu  Japan East Asia 52.3
Hamburg  Germany Western Europe 120.1 (2015)[15] 161.4 74
Hangzhou  China East Asia 150.8 (2015) [23] 219.5 70.5
Hannover  Germany Western Europe 51.5 (2015)[15] 59.6
Hanoi  Vietnam East Asia 42
Harbin  China East Asia 94.1 (2017) [12] 127.9 38.8
Harrisburg  United States North America 35.465 (2016)[8] 35.1
Hartford  United States North America 90.004 (2016)[8] 101.2
Hefei  China East Asia 106.8 (2017) [12] 120.9 31.2
Helsinki  Finland Northern Europe 90.8 (2015)[9] 77.1 58
Hiroshima  Japan East Asia 74.9
Ho Chi Minh City  Vietnam South-East Asia 71.1 58
Hong Kong  Hong Kong East Asia 364.8 (2018)[24] 416.0 320 224.5 258.0[25]
Honolulu  United States North America 64.756 (2016)[8] 58.6
Houston  United States North America 478.618 (2016)[8] 483.2 297 341.1 316.3[11]
Hsinchu  Taiwan East Asia 38.4
Huhehaote  China East Asia 70.1
Huntsville  United States North America 24.846 (2016)[8]
Hyderabad  India South Asia 40.2 59
Indianapolis  United States North America 125.864 (2014)[8] 113.606
Islamabad  Pakistan South Asia
Istanbul  Turkey Western Asia 348.7 182 188.2
Izmir  Turkey Western Asia 80.1 42
Jacksonville  United States North America 71.471 (2016)[8] 63.8
Jaipur  India South Asia 24 20
Jakarta  Indonesia South-East Asia 321.3 92 70.7
Jeddah  Saudi Arabia Western Asia 160.6 72 75.9
Jerusalem  Israel Western Asia 48.0 (2015)[26]
Jinan  China East Asia 106.7 (2017) [12] 136.8 43.2
Johannesburg  South Africa Africa 82.9 110
Jundiaí  Brazil South America 20.081 (2011)[10]
Kabul  Afghanistan South Asia 14
Kagoshima  Japan East Asia 34.3
Kano  Nigeria Africa 9
Kanpur  India South Asia 26 4
Kansas City  United States North America 129.163 (2016)[8] 105.9 91.2[11]
Kaohsiung  Taiwan East Asia 113.647 78 28
Karachi  Pakistan South Asia 78 28
Karlsruhe  Germany Western Europe 37.6 (2015)[9] 137.1
Katowice  Poland Eastern Europe 37.9 (2015)[9] 122.3
Kaunas  Lithuania Northern Europe 10.0 (2016)[27]
Khartoum  Sudan Africa 35
Kiev  Ukraine Eastern Europe 35.0 (2012)[28]
Kingston-upon-Hull  United Kingdom Northern Europe 17.7 (2016)[9]
Kinshasa  DR Congo Africa 17
Klaipėda  Lithuania Northern Europe 6.0 (2016)[29]
Knoxville  United States North America 39.825 (2016)[8] 38.3
Kolkata  India South Asia 60.4 104
Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia South-East Asia 171.8
Kumamoto  Japan East Asia 41.8
Kunming  China East Asia 72.0 (2017) [12] 88.6
Kuwait City  Kuwait Western Asia 166.5 117.5
Lagos  Nigeria Africa 74.67 (2010)[30] 35
Lahore  Pakistan South Asia 40 13
Las Vegas  United States North America 111.091 (2016)[8] 93.9
Leeds  United Kingdom Northern Europe 44.8 (2016)[9] 74.6[Note 4] 60
Leicester  United Kingdom Northern Europe 46.8 (2016)[9] 28.7[31]
Leipzig-Halle  Germany Western Europe 33.4 (2015)[9] 39.6
Lille  France Western Europe 83.3 (2015)[9] 98.5 33
Lima  Peru South America 176.5 109 77.3
Linz  Austria Western Europe 37.9 (2015)[9] 44.6
Lisbon  Portugal Southern Europe 72.0 (2015)[9] 96.3 98
Little Rock  United States North America 37.796 (2016)[8] 40.7
Liverpool  United Kingdom Northern Europe 47.8 (2016)[9] 65.8
London  United Kingdom Northern Europe 879.5 (2016)[9] 835.7 565 751.8
Los Angeles  United States North America 1,001 (2016)[32] 860.5 792 731.8 632.4[11]
Louisville  United States North America 74.968 (2016)[8] 62.397
Luanda  Angola Africa 33 38.6
Lucknow  India South Asia 22
Luxembourg-Trier  Luxembourg Western Europe 72.4 (2018) 62.5
Luton  United Kingdom Northern Europe 7.2[33]
Lyon  France Western Europe 88.2 (2016)[9] 97.0 69 197[34]
Macau  Macau East Asia 53.7 (2018)[35] 53.9
Madison  United States North America 47.425 (2016)[8] 41.8
Madrid  Spain Southern Europe 225.9 (2015)[9] 262.3 230
Manaus  Brazil South America 51.025 (2011)[10]
Manchester  United Kingdom Northern Europe 113.7 (2016)[9] 92.3 85
Manila  Philippines South-East Asia 182.8 149
Marseille  France Western Europe 104.1 (2015)[9] 60.3
Medellín  Colombia South America 43.5 50
Medan  Indonesia South-East Asia 8.09[36]
Melbourne  Australia Oceania 229.2 (2015–16)[37] 178.4 172 221.4
Memphis  United States North America 71.450 (2016)[8] 65.0
Mexico City  Mexico North America 403.6 390 255.1
Miami  United States North America 328.482 (2016)[8] 262.7 292 235.9 231.8[11]
Milan  Italy Southern Europe 214.5 (2015)[9] 312.1 136
Milwaukee  United States North America 100.869 (2016)[8] 86.5
Minneapolis/St. Paul  United States North America 246.689 (2016)[8] 211.4 194 171.6[11]
Minsk  Belarus Eastern Europe 13.0 (2012)[38]
Monterrey  Mexico North America 122.9 102
Montevideo  Uruguay South America 44.0[39][Note 5]
Montreal  Canada North America 155.9 148
Moscow  Russia Eastern Europe 225.0 (2015)[40] 553.3 321 325.8
Mumbai  India South Asia 215.8 150.8 209 55.9
Munich  Germany Western Europe 190.0 (2016)[9] 219.9 64
Nagoya  Japan East Asia 368 (2013)[41] 363.8 256.3[42]
Nagpur  India South Asia 18
Nairobi  Kenya Africa 12
Nanchang  China East Asia 74.1 (2017) [12] 96.0
Nanjing  China East Asia 173.5 (2017) 202.7 68.5
Nanning  China East Asia 61.0 (2017) [12] 70.3
Nantes  France Western Europe 51.0 (2016)[9] 32.0
Nantong  China East Asia 114.6 (2017) [12] 128.3
Naples  Italy Southern Europe 62.8 (2015)[9] 85.5 51
Nashville  United States North America 124.243 (2016)[8] 95.0
New Haven  United States North America 44.120 (2016)[8] 53.3
New Orleans  United States North America 77.173 (2016)[8] 74.2
New York  United States North America 1,657.457 (2016)[43] 1,403 1,406 1,180.3 1,056.4[11]
Newcastle  United Kingdom Northern Europe 36.0 (2016)[9] 44.6
Nice  France Western Europe 36.1 (2015)[9] 46.0
Niigata  Japan East Asia 50.3
Ningbo  China East Asia 145.8 (2017) [12] 179.0 45.0
Nottingham-Derby  United Kingdom Northern Europe 51.0
Nürnberg-Fürth  Germany Western Europe 164.6 (2014)[44] 74.5
Okayama  Japan East Asia 56.8
Oklahoma City  United States North America 70.235 (2016)[8] 70.010
Omaha  United States North America 61.289 (2016)[8] 51.2
Orlando  United States North America 126.797 (2016)[8] 116.2
Osaka–Kobe  Japan East Asia 584 (2013)[45] 671.3[Note 6] 417 612.8[46]
Oslo  Norway Northern Europe 74.0 (2014)[47] 74.4 40
Ottawa  Canada North America 58.2
Oxnard  United States North America 48.516 (2016)[8] 46.3
Paris  France Western Europe 850 (2016)[48] 715.1 564 764.2
Patna  India South Asia 15 11
Perth  Australia Oceania 112.2 (2015–16)[49] 134.0
Philadelphia  United States North America 431.038 (2016)[8] 346.5 388 314.5 295.2[11]
Phoenix  United States North America 230.070 (2016)[8] 207.1 200 181.6 160[11]
Pittsburgh  United States North America 138.137 (2016)[8] 138.4 99 102.1[11]
Portland  United States North America 164.466 (2016)[8] 158.5 110 95.6[11]
Porto  Portugal Southern Europe 31.3 (2015)[9] 43.0
Porto Alegre  Brazil South America 45.506 (2011)[10] 62.1 66
Portsmouth  United Kingdom Northern Europe 25.9 (2016)[9] 51.6[Note 7]
Prague  Czech Republic Eastern Europe 73.0 (2016)[9] 89.2 49
Pretoria  South Africa Africa 49.9
Providence  United States North America 80.164 (2016)[8] 78.114
Puebla  Mexico North America 38.1 42
Pune  India South Asia 138 89 78 49
Pyongyang  North Korea East Asia 11
Qingdao  China East Asia 163.5 (2017) [12] 208.7 48.1
Quebec City  Canada North America 33.4
Raleigh  United States North America 79.834 (2016)[8] 64.4
Rangoon  Myanmar South-East Asia 24
Recife  Brazil South America 36.448 (2011)[10] 40.5 35
Rhine-Ruhr  Germany Western Europe 573.7 (2014)[44] 485.2 39[Note 8] 484.6
Richmond  United States North America 80.702 (2016)[8] 71.589
Riga  Latvia Northern Europe 16.0 (2014)[50]
Rio de Janeiro  Brazil South America 209.366 (2011)[10] 176.6 201 180.9
Riyadh  Saudi Arabia Western Asia 163.5 107 122.7
Rochester  United States North America 55.426 (2016)[8] 67.8
Rome  Italy Southern Europe 166.8 (2015)[9] 163.2 144
Rotterdam  Netherlands Western Europe 69.0 (2015)[9] 320.6[Note 9] 46
Saarbrucken  Germany Western Europe 41.7
Sacramento  United States North America 122.218 (2016)[8] 127.4
Salt Lake City  United States North America 84.826 (2016)[8] 73.836
St. Louis  United States North America 159.888 (2016)[8] 140.6 126 116.2[11]
Saint Petersburg  Russia Eastern Europe 63[40] 119.6 91
Salvador  Brazil South America 38.819 (2011)[10] 38.5 10
San Antonio  United States North America 116.538 (2016)[8] 102.771 146.3[11]
San Bernardino-Riverside  United States North America 149.059 (2016)[8] 154.904
San Diego  United States North America 215.343 (2016)[8] 202.5 191 172.9 146.3[11]
San Francisco  United States North America 470.529 (2016)[8] 331.0 301 283.3 268.3[11]
San Jose  United States North America 252.487 (2016)[8] 160.3
San Juan  Puerto Rico Caribbean 42.7
Santiago  Chile South America 171.4 120 93.0
Santos  Brazil South America 28.609 (2011)[10]
São José dos Campos  Brazil South America 30.148 (2011)[10]
São José dos Pinhais  Brazil South America 14.726 (2011)[10]
São Paulo  Brazil South America 582.079 (2013)[10] 430.5 388 437.3
Sapporo  Japan East Asia 80.5
Seattle  United States North America 330.409 (2016)[8] 267.5 235 211.0 182.2[11]
Sendai  Japan East Asia 75.3
Seoul  South Korea East Asia 635.4 (2015)[51] 845.9 291 233.3
Seville  Spain Southern Europe 39.8 (2015)[9] 35.8
Shanghai  China East Asia 469 (2017) [52] 594.0 233 250.7 200.0[53]
Shantou  China East Asia 34.8 (2017) [52] 38.7
Sheffield  United Kingdom Northern Europe 17.4 (2016)[9] 39.8
Shenyang  China East Asia 86.9 (2017) [52] 189.3 44 64.3
Shenzhen  China East Asia 338 (2017)[54] 363.2 141.5
Shijiazhuang  China East Asia 95.7 (2017) [52] 130.5
Shizuoka  Japan East Asia 58.4
Singapore  Singapore South-East Asia 349.5 (2018)[55][56] 365.9 215 222.7 267.9[57]
Sofia  Bulgaria Eastern Europe 24.0 (2016)[9] 43.8
Sorocaba  Brazil South America 21.313 (2011)[10]
Southampton  United Kingdom Northern Europe 9.6 (2016)[9] 51.6[Note 10]
Springfield  United States North America 27.333 (2016)[8] 32.8
Stockholm  Sweden Northern Europe 180[58] 143.0 70 208[58]
Strasbourg  France Western Europe 37.3
Stuttgart  Germany Western Europe 173.5 (2016)[9] 157.8
Surat  India South Asia 59.8 36 14
Suzhou  China East Asia 256.5 (2017) [12] 339.0 52.7
Sydney  Australia Oceania 302.7 (2015–16)[59] 223.4 213 268.9
Syracuse  United States North America 32.683 (2016)[8] 40.6
Taichung  Taiwan East Asia 114.7
Tainan  Taiwan East Asia 76.7
Taipei  Taiwan East Asia 327.3 160.3 172.5[60]
Taiyuan  China East Asia 63.0
Tallinn  Estonia Northern Europe 16.0 (2014)[61]
Tampa  United States North America 142.633 (2016)[8] 130.3 123 101[11]
Tangshan  China East Asia 105.3 (2017) [52] 162.3 33.6
Taoyuan  Taiwan East Asia 86.8
Tehran  Iran South Asia 127
Tel Aviv  Israel Western Asia 153.3 122 114.8
Thessaloniki  Greece Southern Europe 19.808 (2011)[62]
Tianjin  China East Asia 275.4 (2017) [63] 372.0 74 128.8
Tokyo  Japan East Asia 1,893 (2015)[64] 1,617 1,479 1,874.7 1,997.5[65]
1,797.9[66]
Toronto  Canada North America 303 (2014)[67] 276.3 253 270.0
Toulouse  France Western Europe 58.7 (2015)[9] 47.4
Tucson  United States North America 37.040 (2016)[8] 41.2
Tulsa  United States North America 58.248 (2016)[8] 48.6 46.4[68]
Turin  Italy Southern Europe 76.9 (2015)[9] 78.8 68
Uberlandia  Brazil South America 14.728 (2011)[10]
Valencia  Spain Southern Europe 60.1 (2015)[9] 52.7
Vancouver  Canada North America 109.8 95
Venice-Padova  Italy Southern Europe 62.2 (2015)[9] 57.3
Vienna  Austria Western Europe 131.9 (2015)[9] 183.7[Note 11] 122
Vilnius  Lithuania Northern Europe 20.0 (2016)[69]
Virginia Beach  United States North America 92.827 (2016)[8] 92.1
Visakhapatnam  India South Asia 43.5 6
Vitória  Brazil South America 28.357 (2011)[10] 35.6
Warsaw  Poland Eastern Europe 83.4 (2016)[9] 141.1 68
Washington, DC  United States North America 509.224 (2016)[8] 442.2 375 392.2
Wenzhou  China East Asia 80.8 (2017) [12] 101.9
Winnipeg  Canada North America 32.5
Worcester  United States North America 44.7
Wuhan  China East Asia 198.6 (2017) [12] 231.6 52 82.2
Wulumuqi  China East Asia 59.6
Wuxi  China East Asia 155.7 (2017) [12] 211.5 47.0
Xiamen  China East Asia 64.4 (2017) [12] 76.1 30.4
Xian  China East Asia 110.6 (2017) [12] 124.2 31 40.6
Xuzhou  China East Asia 97.8 (2017) [12] 113.2 22.4
Yantai  China East Asia 108.7 (2017) [12] 149.0
Zhengzhou  China East Asia 135.3 (2017) [12] 156.0
Zhongshan  China East Asia 51.1 (2017) [12] 68.7
Zhuhai  China East Asia 38.0 (2017) [12] 41.3
Zibo  China East Asia 70.8 (2017) [12] 100.3
Zürich   Switzerland Western Europe 109.1 52
Notes
  1. ^ This includes Rotterdam
  2. ^ This includes Malmö
  3. ^ This includes only Fukuoka
  4. ^ This includes Bradford
  5. ^ Projection for 2017 based on $33 billion in 2010 and $61 for 2025. ((($61/$33)^(1/15))^7)*$33= $43,956.998 million.
  6. ^ This includes Kyoto
  7. ^ This includes Southampton
  8. ^ This includes only Cologne and Bonn in the PwC study
  9. ^ This includes Amsterdam
  10. ^ This includes Portsmouth
  11. ^ This includes Bratislava

See also

References

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