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List of battles involving the Ottoman Empire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Part of a series on the
Military of the
Ottoman Empire
Coat of Arms of the Ottoman Empire

The main battles in the history of the Ottoman Empire are shown below. The life span of the empire was more than six centuries, and the maximum territorial extent, at the zenith of its power in the second half of the 16th century, stretched from central Europe to the Persian Gulf and from the Caspian Sea to North Africa. The number of battles the empire fought is quite high. But here only the more important battles are listed. Among these, the battles fought in the 20th century (Turco-Italian War, Balkan Wars, and World War I ) as well as the sieges (like the sieges of Constantinople, Cairo, Belgrade, Bagdad, etc.) which most lists include as battles are not shown except in cases where the siege is followed by a battle (i.e. Vienna, Khotyn, Plevna).[1][2]

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List of battles

Europe Asia Africa Sea

(Color legend for the location of the battle)

Year Name Opponent
1302 Bapheus Byzantine Empire
1303 Dimbos Byzantine Empire
1329 Pelekanon Byzantine Empire
1355 Ihtiman Bulgarian Empire
1364[dn 1] Maritsa Serbia, Bulgarian Empire
1381 Dubrovnica Serbia
1385 Savra Serbia
1388 Bileca Bosnia
1389 Kosovo Serbia, Bosnia, Realm of Branković
1391 (or 1392) Kırkdilim Kadi Burhan al-Din
1395 Rovine Wallachia (South Romania)
1396 Nicopolis Crusades[dn 2] (Hungary, France, Knights Hospitaller, Venice)
1402 Ankara Timurid Empire
1403 Ulubad Civil war between Mehmed Çelebi and İsa Çelebi
1403 Kosmidion Civil war between Süleyman Çelebi and İsa Çelebi
1411 (or 1412) İnceğiz Civil war between Mehmed Çelebi and Musa Çelebi
1413 Çamurlu Civil war between Mehmed Çelebi and Musa Çelebi
1416 Gallipoli Venice
1444 Kunovica Crusades (Hungary, Serbia, Poland)
1444 Torvioll Albania
1444 Varna Crusades (Hungary, Poland and many others)
1445 Mokra Albania
1448 Second Kosovo Hungary, Wallacia
1453 Constantinople Byzantine Empire
1457 Ujëbardha Albania
1462 Targoviste Wallachia
1462 Mokra Albania
1464 Ohrid Albania
1473 Otlukbeli  Akkoyunlu Turkmens
1475 Vaslui Moldavia (North Romania)
1476 Valea Alba Moldavia
1478 Shkodra Albania
1479 Câmpul Pâinii Hungary, Serbia
1480 Otranto Naples, Hungary, Aragon
1493 Krbava Croatia, Hungary
1499 Zonchio Venice
1500 Modon Venice
1514 Chaldiran Safavid Persia
1515 Turnadağ Beylik of Dulkadir
1516 Marj Dabiq Mamluk Egypt
1516 Yaunis Khan Mamluk Egypt
1517 Ridanieh Mamluk Egypt
1518 Jajce Kingdom of Croatia
1522 Rhodes Knights Hospitallers
1526 Mohács Hungary, Holy Roman Empire, Papal States, Poland
1529 Siege of Vienna Holy Roman Empire
1529 Formentera Holy Roman Empire
1537 Gorjani Holy Roman Empire
1538 Preveza Holy League (Holy Roman Empire, Venice, Genoa, Knights of Malta, Papal States
1541 Siege of Buda Holy Roman Empire
1541 Algiers Holy Roman Empire
1543 Esztergom Holy Roman Empire
1543 Nice Holy Roman and Genoa
1545 Sokhoista Kingdom of Imereti, Kingdom of Kartli, Principality of Guria
1548 Van Safavid Persia
1552 Ponza Genoa
1552 Muscat Portugal
1558 Mostaganem Spanish Empire
1560 Cerbe Holy Roman Empire, Genoa, Papal states, Knights of Malta
1571 Lepanto Holy League (Holy Roman Empire, Venice, Genoa, Papal states, Knights of Malta)
1578 Ksar el Kebir Portugal
1578 Çıldır Safavid Persia
1578 Shamakhi Safavid Persia
1583 Torches[dn 3] Safavid Persia
1588 Wadi al-Laban Morocco
1593 Sisak Holy Roman Empire, Croatia
1595 Călugăreni Wallachia
1596 Keresztes Holy Roman Empire and many more
1601 Nagykanizsa Holy Roman and many more
1605 Sufiyan Safavid Persia
1609 Tashiskari Kingdom of Imereti
1620 Tutora Poland-Lithuania, Moldavia
1621 Khotyn (1621) Poland-Lithuania
1649 Focchies Venice
1654 Dardanelles (1654) Venice
1654 Dardanelles (1655) Venice
1654 Dardanelles (1656) Venice
1654 Dardanelles (1657) Venice
1663 Köbölkút Holy Roman Empire
1664 Saint Gotthard Holy Roman Empire
1673 Khotyn (1673) Poland-Lithuania
1683 Vienna Holy Roman Empire, Poland-Lithuania
1684 Vác Holy Roman Empire
1686 Buda Holy League
1687 Second Mohács Holy Roman Empire
1691 Slankamen Holy Roman Empire
1694 Ustechko Poland-Lithuania
1695 Oinousses Islands Venice
1695 Lugos Holy Roman Empire
1696 Andros Venice
1696 Cenei Holy Roman Empire
1697 Ulaş Holy Roman Empire
1697 Zenta Holy Roman Empire
1711 Pruth River Russian Empire
1716 Petrovaradin Holy Roman Empire
1717 Imbros Venice
1717 Matapan Venice, Portugal, Knights of Malta, Papal States
1733 Kirkuk Safavid Persia
1735 Yeghevard Safavid Persia
1737 Banja Luka Holy Roman Empire
1739 Grocka Holy Roman Empire
1739 Stavuchany Russian Empire
1745 Kars Afsharid Persia
1757 Khresili Kingdom of Imereti
1770 Aspindza Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti
1770 Chesma Russian Empire
1770 Larga Russian Empire
1770 Kagul Russian Empire
1774 Kozluca Russian Empire
1774 Kerch Russian Empire
1775 Algiers Spanish Empire
1789 Sebeş Holy Roman Empire
1789 Fokşani Holy Roman Empire, Russian Empire
1789 Rymnik Holy Roman Empire, Russian Empire
1790 Kerch Russian Empire
1791 Kaliakra Russian Empire
1798 Pyramids France
1799 Acre France
1799 Abukir France
1805 Derne United States
1805 Ivankovac Serbian rebels
1806 Mišar Serbian rebels
1806 Deligrad Serbian rebels
1807 Arpachai Russian Empire
1807 Athos Russian Empire
1809 Čegar Serbian rebels
1810 Batin Russian Empire
1812 Al Safra Saudi Arab rebels
1813 Jeddah Saudi Arab rebels
1815 Ljubić Serbian rebels
1821 Alamana Greek rebels
1821 Dragashani Greek rebels
1822 Dervenakia Greek rebels
1822 Nauplia Greek rebels
1822 Chios Greek rebels
1825 Gerontas Greek rebels
1827 Kamatero Greek rebels
1827 Navarino Russian Empire, United Kingdom, France
1829 Kulevicha Russian Empire
1830 Algiers France
1831 Third Kosovo Bosnia (revolters)
1839 Konya Egypt (revolters)
1839 Nizib Egypt (revolters)
1840 Acre Egypt(revolters)
1853 Oltenitza Russian Empire
1853 Sinop Russian Empire
1854 Silistra Russian Empire
1854 Kurekdere Russian Empire
1855 Eupatoria Russian Empire
1877 Kızıl Tepe Russian Empire
1877 Plevna Russian Empire, Romania, Bulgaria (revolters)
1877 Shipka Russian Empire, Bulgaria (revolters)
1877 Taşkesen Russian Empire
1878 Plevna Russian Empire
1878 Mouzaki Greece
1880 Ulqin Albanian Irregulars
1881 Tunisia France
1897 Domokos Greece
1893 Al Wajbah Qatar (revolters)

The sultans of the Ottoman Empire participated in some of the battles listed above. For those battles see List of the Ottoman battles in which the sultan participated

See also


  1. ^ Some sources show the date as 1371. But according to Ottoman chronicles the date is 1364[citation needed]
  2. ^ In most Ottoman European battles troops from many countries fought against Ottomans. Here, only the major opponents are listed.
  3. ^ The battle continued during the night, both sides using torches. Hence the name


  1. ^ Nicolae Jorga: Geschiste des osmanischen , trans. by Nilüfer Epçeli, Yeditepe Yayınları, İstanbul, 2009, ISBN 975-6480-17-3[page needed]
  2. ^ Prof.Dr.Yaşar Yücel-Prof.Dr.Ali Sevim: Türkiye Tarihi II, III, IV, AKDTYK Yayınları, İstanbul, 1990,[page needed]
This page was last edited on 29 August 2019, at 11:35
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