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List of assassinated Albanian politicians

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of assassinated politicians of Albania from the year 1915 to present day. The list does not include court ordered assassinations conducted by the state.[1] [2]

1915–present

No. Name of victim Date assassinated Name of assassin Office held Place of assassination Suspected motive and description of the assassination
1 Nexhati Libohova 27 May 1915 Unknown Minister of Finance Shkallnur, Durrës Political dispute with Esat Toptani.
2 Prenk Bibë Doda 22 March 1919 Gjeto Çoku Deputy Prime Minister Shëngjin, Lezhë Revenge over the murder of the Sub-prefect of Lezhë.
3 Abdyl Ypi 15 January 1920 Unknown Prefect of Durrës Shëngjin, Lezhë Killed on the orders of Mustafa Kruja because of a dispute related to the invitation of Esat Toptani back to Albania.
4 Esat Toptani 13 June 1920 Avni Rustemi Prime Minister Paris, France The murder was ordered by political rivals even though the widely accepted theory was treason.
5 Avni Rustemi 20 April 1924 Jusuf Reçi Member of the Parliament Near a cemetery, Tiranë The motive of the assassination remains a mystery.
6 Luigj Gurakuqi 2 March 1925 Balto Stamolla Served as Minister of Education two months prior. Bari, Italy Stamolla was a close relative of the Albanian Counsel in Bari, Çatin Saraçi.
7 Zija Dibra 4 January 1925 Unknown Served as Minister of Public Works in the Evangjeli I Cabinet Harizaj, Kavajë Dibra was a fierce political opponent of prime minister Ahmet Zogu who came to power just two days after the assassination took place.
8 Bajram Curri 29 March 1925 Unidentified Served as Minister of War in 1921 By a cave in Dragobi, Tropojë Killed by assailants who were sent on the orders of Hysen Kryeziu, at the time serving as Prefect of Kosovo.
9 Isuf Dibra 19 March 1927 Unknown Served as Minister of War in the Toptani Cabinet Tiranë Murdered by his assistant under unknown circumstances.
10 Ceno Kryeziu 14 October 1927 Alqiviadh Bebi Minister of Albania in Prague Prague, Czechoslovakia The assassin was a close relative to Andon Beça, an ally of Shefqet Vërlaci.
11 Mark Kapidani 19 December 1932 Geg Marka Gega Member of the Parliament Inside the Officers' Hall, near the Royal Palace, Tiranë The assassin was a former officer in the Army Reserve, once sentenced to 15 years imprisonment for his attempts to overthrow the government.
12 Hasan Prishtina 14 August 1933 Unknown Former Prime Minister Thessaloniki, Greece The assassin was apparently a former acquaintance but motives of the assassination remain unclear.
13 Qazim Bodinaku 6 April 1939 Unknown Served as Prefect of Vlorë and later Berat Unknown A Zog loyalist, he was murdered as he was trying to leave the country by 2 persons whom he had a previous dispute with.
14 Xhafer Ypi 17 December 1940 Unknown Former Prime Minister Unknown Killed during aerial bombardments.
15 Musa Puka 1942 Unknown Prefect of Elbasan Elbasan Killed on a roadside by communist rebels.
16 Skënder Çami 4 March 1942 Unknown Police Superintendent for Korçë Unknown The motives of the killing remain unknown.
17 Saverino Ricottini 25 March 1943 Unknown Member of the Fascist Upper Council Pejë, Kosovo The motives of the murder are not known.
18 Qazim Koculi 2 January 1943 Unknown Served as Acting Prime Minister Vlorë Murdered by the fascist mercenary battalion of Halil Alia.
19 Iljaz Agushi 28 October 1943 Unknown Deputy Prime Minister in the Merlika Cabinet Tiranë The motives of the assassination remain unclear.
20 Hysen Myshketa 8 October 1943 Unknown Member of the National Council Durrës Myshketa and his brother were murdered by three assassins as they were walking along the "Mussolini Boardwalk".
21 Idhomene Kosturi 5 November 1943 Kolë Laku Chairman of the National Council Tiranë Murdered under the orders of the Communist Guerrilla unit.
22 Veli Vasjari 12 May 1944 Unknown Chief of State Police Korçë Killed by communist partisans near the region of Gabravicë.
23 Lefter Kosova 6 September 1944 Xhelal Staravecka Minister of Public Works under the Biçakçiu Cabinet Tiranë Murdered because of a previous political dispute.
24 Mark Kodheli 1944 Unknown
25 Nako Spiru 20 November 1947 Unknown High ranking communist official in charge of the State Planning Commission Tiranë The murder was officially ruled a suicide but he was most likely killed under the orders of Koçi Xoxe.
26 Bardhok Biba 9 August 1949 Unknown Member of the People's Assembly Kaçinar, Lezhë Killed by the anti-communist resistance guerrilla unit "Komiteti i Maleve".
27 Alush Lleshanaku 24 December 1950 Ilo Stojko Legislative Member of the Corporative Fascist Upper Council Elbasan A staunch anti-communist resistance leader, Lleshanaku was assassinated by an agent of the Sigurimi.
28 Sali Ormëni 2 March 1951 Unknown Director of the Albanian State Police Rrogozhinë Killed mysteriously a week after the bombing of the Soviet Embassy.
29 Omer Nishani 26 May 1954 Unknown Former Head of State Tiranë His murder was officially ruled a suicide.
30 Haxhi Hajdari 8 April 1963 Unknown Member of the People's Assembly Unknown Denounced as the "People's Enemy" by the regime, he was killed by artillery gunfire.
31 Mehmet Shehu 17 December 1981 Unknown Prime Minister Tiranë The official death was ruled a suicide but Shehu was more than likely killed by the Sigurimi under Hoxha's orders.
32 Azem Hajdari 22 September 1998 Fatmir Haklaj, Jaho Mulosmani, Naim Cangu Member of the Assembly Tiranë Motives of his murder remain a mystery.
33 Fatmir Xhindi 2 May 2009 Unknown Member of the Assembly Roskovec, Fier Motives of his murder remain a mystery.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Politikanët e vrarë në historinë e shtetit shqiptar nga 1915-2010". Proletari. Retrieved 2017-12-27.
  2. ^ Dervishi, Kastriot. Plumba Politikës. Tiranë: Shtëpia Botuese "55".
This page was last edited on 6 March 2019, at 06:12
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