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List of anti-war organizations

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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In order to facilitate organized, determined, and principled opposition to the wars, people have often founded anti-war organizations. These groups range from temporary coalitions which address one war or pending war, to more permanent structured organizations which work to end the concept of war and the factors which lead to large-scale destructive conflicts. The overwhelming majority do so in a nonviolent manner. The following list of anti-war organizations highlights past and present anti-war groups from across the world.

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Hello, welcome to Alltime10s. Think the far right and fundamentalists are responsible for all terrorism? Well we’ve got a list of some leftist groups that may change your mind. 10. Rote Zora A bomb was detonated at the West German Medical Association in 1977 and shortly afterward responsibility was claimed by Rote Zora using this symbol (crash cut). Rote Zora was a militant feminist group that had begun their campaign for women’s rights 3 years earlier as part of a wider revolutionary group - when they bombed the Supreme Court in protest of the abortion law. Their arson and bombing campaign lasted two decades, during which they carried out 45 attacks. In 1984 one anonymous member called for a sex shop to be burned down every day. In one year alone, they caused $100,000 worth of damage in attacks against sex shops in Cologne and Koblenz. They also bombed institutions that they saw as oppressing women, such as Siemens for unfair labor conditions and pharmaceutical giants over unsafe pregnancy tests. Their final attack was in 1995. After years in hiding, only three members have been found guilty of membership, most recently Juliane Balke in 2010. All three stood trial but were acquitted due to time limitations. Sources: Freilassung, FrontPage Magazine, Dangerous Women Project, 9. Earth and Animal Liberation Fronts In 2003 a Californian Animal Testing facility received a note. It read: “You might be able to protect your buildings, but can you protect the homes of every employee?” Several pipe bombs then exploded outside the headquarters. Known as the ELF and ALF, these self-described “Economic saboteurs and guerrilla fighters” are hidden in covert cells implanted in 17 countries and they have carried out a range of atrocities, paradoxically in the name of nature and the environment. While the ELF was born in Great Britain in 1992, it is now most active in the USA. In 2001 The Earth Liberation Front destroyed 20 years of research at Washington University by burning down laboratories. They had incorrectly assumed that the university was carrying out genetic engineering. Seven years after 9/11, the FBI stated that eco-terrorism and animal rights extremists were the most serious domestic terrorist threat in the United States. Together these factions had committed over 2000 crimes and caused $110 million in damage since 1979. Sources: FBI, Seattle Times, ‘The Earth Liberation Front: A Social Movement Analysis’ (Michael Loadenthal, 2013), ‘The Corporate Security Professional's Handbook on Terrorism’ (E. Halibozek et al, 2008) 8. Action Directe [dee-rekt] Anti-capitalist. Anti-Zionist. Anti-American. The French anarcho-communists Action Directe carried out 8 assassination attempts while active between 1979 and 1987. Two of the most high profile figures successfully assassinated were Georges Besse, the head of Renault, and René Audran, a General in the French Army. An early statement proclaimed that their aim was to “wreck society … by destroying institutions and the men who serve it”. One can’t fault them in terms of effort. Action Directe used bank robberies to fund the many bombings they carried out, which killed 5 people and injured 58. But they didn’t just bomb buildings. One early expedition saw them fire a rocket launcher into the Ministry of Transport, as well as opening machine gun fire onto the Employer’s Association and the Military Academy. The founder of the group, Jean-Marc Rouillan [roo-yon], served a 20-year life sentence for the murder of the Renault boss and was released in 2008. When released he said that he remains convinced that armed struggle is necessary for the revolution. Sources: The Telegraph, ‘International Encyclopedia of Terrorism’ (M. Crenshaw & J. Pimlott, 2015) 7. Black Liberation Army Assata Shakur was the first woman to be added to the FBI’s Most Wanted Terrorist list. She currently lives in exile in Cuba with a $2 million bounty on her head after breaking out of a US jail in 1979. But just what is it that makes her so notorious? Shakur was a member of the self defense and Black Power group of the 1960s, The Black Panther Party. However, as the Panthers crumbled, a new group grew. Armed, revolutionary, and fighting for black independence from the United States, this was the Black Liberation Army. The BLA was responsible for the deaths of at least 20 people, and at least 10 of those were police officers. In fact, this is the very reason Shakur was first imprisoned. She was convicted of killing a New Jersey State Trooper in a gunfight that also saw a second Trooper injured. While the group appeared to disband in the early 1980s, recently a group calling itself The New Black Liberation Militia seems to have taken up the violent mantle. Sources: Tracking Terrorism, Officer Down Memorial Page, Extremis Project, ‘“Our Backs Are Against the Wall”: The Black Liberation Army and Domestic Terrorism in 1970s America’ (W. Rosenau, 2012) 6. Japanese Red Army On May 30th 1972 three Japanese men walked into an Israeli airport carrying violin cases. The airport was already on high alert for any Palestinian attacks, but they did not expect these men to produce assault rifles out of nowhere and begin indiscriminately firing. The Lod Airport Massacre in Tel Aviv saw the killing of 25 people and the wounding of a further 76. Two of the attackers died on this mission and the third received life in prison. But the mastermind behind the attack was 27-year-old extremist Fusako Shigenobu. Fusako had traveled to the Middle East in support of the Japanese Communist Party to make contacts, but she quickly split and formed her own group: the Japanese Red Army. Their chief goal was to bring down the Japanese emperor and government, before moving onto world revolution. All the while operating from Lebanon, 9,000 kilometers away. The year after the airport massacre, the Japanese Red Army hijacked a plane traveling from Amsterdam to Tokyo. They forced it to land in Benghazi and then blew it up. Over the years, they would continue hijacking planes and taking hostages at embassies around the world. Fusako was eventually caught in Japan in 2000, after hiding out in the Middle East for 30 years. Sources: The Guardian, BBC, ‘International Encyclopedia of Terrorism’ (M. Crenshaw & J. Pimlott, 2015) 5. The Winemakers The Comité Régional d'Action Viticole [com-mitay ray-jonal dack-shon vitty-coal], ahem, excuse my French accent, Or CRAV [in a harsh colloquial British accent], as I call them, are a bunch of winemakers from the Languedoc-Roussillon [long-dock roo-see-yon] region in the South of France. They spend their days fermenting grapes, swilling a full-bodied sauvignon and detonating bombs in local buildings. Established in 1907 when they led a mass protest against a slump in wine prices, they currently have 1000 active members. They still campaign for fair prices for French wine, but now by attacking foreign imports. This leftist, anti-globalization ideal has led them to commit numerous arson attacks on foreign wine warehouses and headquarters. They even claimed to be responsible for a helicopter crash that resulted in the death of a French vineyard owner and a Chinese investor, who was attempting to buy the land. The police do not believe the claims, though. In August 2016 they released the wine from five huge rival vats. The emergency services were called as the wine had caused a flood in the local community. Sources: BBC, Wine Spectator 4. POLISARIO Western Sahara is a huge chunk of land on the Northwest coast of Africa that is disputed territory. Although once a Spanish colony, Morocco annexed land in 1975, but the indigenous Sahrawi still want the area to have independence. One group that campaigns for the establishment of a Saharan Arab Democratic Republic is the Islamic Polisario Front, which is part of an international alliance of socialists. It was founded by university students in 1973 who were inspired by Che Guevara. With just 7 fighters and a couple of old rifles, they stormed a Spanish colonial garrison in May 1973, seizing weapons and vehicles. They grew in number and the Spanish left the region soon after. POLISARIO were trained and armed by Algeria, which let them lead a 16-year-long guerrilla campaign against Morocco. Between 1982 and 1985, POLISARIO claimed the deaths of more than 5,000 Moroccan soldiers. The UN finally brokered a ceasefire in 1991. Today the group steers clear of more socialist leanings and commits themselves purely to the nationalistic aim of independence through nonviolent means. Sources: BBC, Morocco on the Move, Cultures of Resistance, SADR Permanent Mission, ‘International Encyclopedia of Terrorism’ (M. Crenshaw & J. Pimlott, 2015) 3. John Brown Anti-Klan Committee The John Brown Anti-Klan Committee, or JBAKC for short, campaigned - as the name suggests - against the Ku Klux Klan, and more broadly against anti-black racism in the USA. However, its members were all white. Set up by a bunch of college students in 1978, they took their name from John Brown, a white abolitionist who believed in armed insurrections. They quickly established chapters in 13 cities and had their headquarters in New York. JBAKC were fervently opposed to what they saw as the white supremacy and Zionism of states, particularly Israel, South Africa and the USA. They wanted socialism and independence for African-Americans, Puerto Ricans, Mexicans and Native Americans. But, as their newsletter title “Death to the Klan!” suggests, they were not opposed to violence to further their cause. From 1981 to 1985, a number of bombs were detonated apparently in opposition to the apartheid in South Africa. JBAKC never claimed responsibility, but 3 known members were prosecuted and found guilty. Sources: ‘The Great American Makeover’ (D. Heller, 2006), ‘Far Left of Center: The American Radical Left Today’ (H. Klehr, 1988), US Department of Justice 2. Communist Party of India (Maoist) Communism splintered throughout the 20th century into opposing ideological factions, and so there are several ‘Communist Parties of India’, but only one you need to worry about. The Maoist Communist Party is an insurgent organization that the Indian Prime Minister called the nation’s “biggest internal security threat” in 2006 - and for good reason. The rebels have an army of some 12,000 fighters and in 2013 Maoists were responsible for half of all terrorist related deaths in India. In addition to these trained fighters, an affiliated People’s Militia of 38,000 members operates to assist. They are equipped merely with bows, arrows, and machetes, but total numbers of 50,000 mean that this could be the biggest communist insurrection in the world today. Sources: The Economist, Al Jazeera, Times of India 1. FARC The leading guerrilla movement in South America is the FARC, a revolutionary left-wing Colombian organization based mostly in rural areas. Founded in 1964, their campaign of violence against the country’s security forces has doggedly kept going for half a century. An alleged attack on an oil pipeline in 2015 caused the country’s biggest environmental disaster in a decade. Hundreds of thousands of gallons of oil flowed into rivers polluting the drinking water of 160,000 inhabitants. They operate in small, tactical groups, which are organized into larger regional blocs by commanders. El numero uno in charge of some 7,000 fighters is known as ‘Timochenko’. They have a reputation as the richest rebels on the planet, due in large part to the cocaine trade and thousands of lucrative kidnappings. It’s estimated they could have over $10 billion in assets. Their numbers are down from a high of 20,000 in 2002, thanks to an increased government offensive. This depletion of support led them into peace talks four years ago, and in 2016 a referendum on a peace deal was announced to end the fighting once and for all. However, the Colombian people narrowly voted against accepting the peace deal - by less than half a percent - and now the future looks uncertain. Sources: BBC, The Economist, Colombia Reports Thanks for watching and why not check out our video 10 Extreme Examples of Propaganda.







United Kingdom

North America

United States

Women's Peace Party[14]






See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b c d Sandi E. Cooper (1991). "Pacifism in France, 1889-1914: International Peace as a Human Right". French Historical Studies. 17. JSTOR 286462.
  3. ^ La paix par le droit [Peace through Law] (in French), Association de la paix par le droit, 1890
  4. ^ Alfred Hermann Fried (1905). Handbuch der Friedensbewegung [Handbook of the Peace Movement] (in German). Vienna: Verlag der Oesterreichischen Friedensgesellschaft.
  5. ^ Roger S. Powers; et al., eds. (1997). "Serbia, Antiwar Activity, 1991-1994". Protest, Power, and Change: An Encyclopedia of Nonviolent Action. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-136-76482-0.
  6. ^ a b Alfred Hermann Fried (1911). "Die hervorragendsten Friedensorganisationen in den einzelnen Landern (The most prominent peace organizations in individual countries)". Handbuch der Friedensbewegung [Handbook of the Peace Movement] (in German) (2nd ed.). Berlin: Verlag der Friedens-Warte – via Hathi Trust.
  7. ^ Terp, Holger. "Danske Kvinders Fredskæde og Kvindernes Internationale Liga for Fred og Friheds historie i perioden 1915-1924" (in Danish). Det danske Fredsakademi. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  8. ^ a b c d e f Sandi E. Cooper (1991). "Peace Societies, 1815-1914". Patriotic Pacifism: Waging War on War in Europe, 1815-1914. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-992338-0.
  9. ^ "società per la pace". Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  10. ^ a b c d Paul Laity (2002). The British Peace Movement 1870-1914. Clarendon Press. ISBN 978-0-19-155449-0.
  11. ^ Roger S. Powers; et al., eds. (1997). "Peace Pledge Union". Protest, Power, and Change: An Encyclopedia of Nonviolent Action. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-136-76482-0.
  12. ^ "Bishopsgate Institute - Rationalist Peace Society - Rationalist Peace Society Archive at the Bishopsgate Library". Archived from the original on 21 October 2015. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  13. ^ Robbie Lieberman (2010). The Strangest Dream: Communism, Anticommunism, and the U.S. Peace Movement, 1945-1963. IAP. ISBN 978-1-61735-054-2.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h Harriet Hyman Alonso (1993). "Chronological Listing of US Women's Rights Peace Organizations and Committees". Peace As a Women's Issue: A History of the U.S. Movement for World Peace and Women's Rights. Syracuse University Press. ISBN 978-0-8156-0269-9.
  15. ^ "Muslims of United States Peace Projects and activities".
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^ "About WAMM". Archived from the original on 16 January 2016. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  20. ^ Roger S. Powers; et al., eds. (1997). "Pax Christi International". Protest, Power, and Change: An Encyclopedia of Nonviolent Action. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-136-76482-0.

Further reading

External links

This page was last edited on 17 April 2019, at 18:31
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