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List of World Heritage Sites in the Caribbean

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the Caribbean. The Netherlands through Curaçao has been included here as part of North America because the island is situated in the Caribbean. Also, although not in the Caribbean, the islands of Bermuda are also included.


Site; as per officially inscribed name[1]
Location; at city, regional, or provincial level and geocoordinates
Criteria; as defined by the World Heritage Committee[2]
Area; in hectares and acres. If available, the size of the buffer zone has been noted as well. A value of zero implies that no data has been published by UNESCO
Year; during which the site was inscribed to the World Heritage List
Description; brief information about the site, including reasons for qualifying as an endangered site, if applicable

World Heritage Sites

  † In danger
  * Trans-border site
Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description Refs
Alejandro de Humboldt National Park
Tall green trees and hills are on both sides of a river in the center.
CubaHolguín and Guantánamo,
20°27′N 75°0′W / 20.450°N 75.000°W / 20.450; -75.000 (Alejandro de Humboldt National Park)
(ix), (x)
69,341 (171,350); buffer zone 34,330 (84,800) 2001 The park exhibits a wide array of geology types. It contains many biological species, including 16 of Cuba's 28 endemic plant species, as well as animal species such as the endangered Cuban solenodon. [3]
Antigua Naval Dockyard and Related Archaeological Sites
Nelson's Dockyard.jpg
AntiguaEnglish Harbour, Antigua,
 Antigua & Barbuda
17°00′30″N 61°45′52″W / 17.00833°N 61.76444°W / 17.00833; -61.76444 (Antigua Naval Dockyard and Related Archaeological Sites)
(ii), (iv)
255 (630); buffer zone 3,873 (9,570) 2016 The site consists of a group of Georgian-style naval buildings and structures, set within a walled enclosure. The natural environment of this side of the island of Antigua, with its deep, narrow bays surrounded by highlands, offered shelter from hurricanes and was ideal for repairing ships. The construction of the Dockyard by the British navy would not have been possible without the labour of generations of enslaved Africans since the end of the 18th century. Its aim was to protect the interests of sugar cane planters at a time when European powers were competing for control of the Eastern Caribbean. [5]
Archaeological Landscape of the First Coffee Plantations in the South-East of Cuba
Old coffee plantation in the hills above Santiago, Cuba.
CubaSantiago de Cuba and Guantánamo,
20°00′21″N 75°37′4″W / 20.00583°N 75.61778°W / 20.00583; -75.61778 (Archaeological Landscape of the First Coffee Plantations in the South-East of Cuba)
(iii), (iv)
81,475 (201,330) 2000 During the 19th and early 20th centuries, eastern Cuba was primarily involved with coffea cultivation. The remnants of the plantations display the techniques used in the difficult terrain, as well as the economic and social significance of the plantation system in Cuba and the Caribbean. [5]
Blue and John Crow Mountains
View over a mountain valley
Jamaica Jamaica
18°04′39″N 76°34′16″W / 18.077500°N 76.571111°W / 18.077500; -76.571111 (Blue and John Crow Mountains)
(iii), (vi), (x)
26,252 (64,870); buffer zone 28,494 (70,410) 2015 The park covers roughly about 4.5% of Jamaica. [6]
Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park
Fortifications near the sea.
Saint Kitts and NevisSaint Kitts,
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
17°20′49″N 62°50′14″W / 17.34694°N 62.83722°W / 17.34694; -62.83722 (Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park)
(iii), (iv)
1999 Built during the 17th and 18th centuries by African slaves in a period of European colonial expansion, the fortress is an exceptionally well preserved example of British military architecture in the Caribbean. [7]
Colonial City of Santo Domingo
Low old houses and a church with a large white cupola in the distance.
Dominican RepublicDistrito Nacional,
 Dominican Republic
18°29′0″N 69°55′0″W / 18.48333°N 69.91667°W / 18.48333; -69.91667 (Colonial City of Santo Domingo)
(ii), (iv), (vi)
93 (230) 1990 Santo Domingo was founded in 1498 shortly after the arrival of Christopher Columbus on the island and had the first cathedral, hospital, customs house and university built in the New World. Its grid patterned town plan became the model for other colonial towns in the Americas. [8]
Desembarco del Granma National Park
Tourists at a tropical waterfall
19°53′N 77°38′W / 19.883°N 77.633°W / 19.883; -77.633 (Desembarco del Granma National Park)
(vii), (viii)
32,576 (80,500) 1999 The park features a unique karst topography with features such as terraces, cliffs, and waterfalls. [9]
Historic Area of Willemstad, Inner City and Harbour, Curaçao
Port with colorful houses in blue, brown, green, yellow, pink.
12°6′7″N 68°54′8″W / 12.10194°N 68.90222°W / 12.10194; -68.90222 (Historic Area of Willemstad, Inner City and Harbour, Curaçao)
(ii), (iv), (v)
86 (210); buffer zone 87 (210) 1997 The architecture of the 17th-century Dutch trading settlement Willemstad combines styles from the Netherlands with Spanish and Portuguese colonial towns. [11]
Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison
Clock tower of red bricks.
13°5′48″N 59°36′50″W / 13.09667°N 59.61389°W / 13.09667; -59.61389 (Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison)
(ii), (iii), (iv)
187 (460); buffer zone 321 (790) 2011 Bridgetown is an excellent example of a British colonial settlement built from the 17th to 19th century. Unlike Dutch and Spanish settlements of the area, the town is not laid out on a grid plan but follows a serpentine urban design. [12]
Historic Centre of Camagüey
There is a large stone building in the center with a tall tower. Behind are several smaller buildings with red roofs.
21°22′43″N 77°55′7″W / 21.37861°N 77.91861°W / 21.37861; -77.91861 (Historic Centre of Camagüey)
(iv), (v)
54 (130); buffer zone 276 (680) 2008 Camagüey is among the first seven villages founded by the Spanish in Cuba, first settled in 1528. The irregular organization of the city is distinct from the typical, orderly construction of most other Spanish settlements. This maze-like style was influenced by medieval European ideas and traditional construction methods of early immigrant masons and construction workers. [13]
Historic Town of St George and Related Fortifications, Bermuda
White houses near the sea.
BermudaSt. George
 Bermuda,  United Kingdom
32°22′46″N 64°40′40″W / 32.37944°N 64.67778°W / 32.37944; -64.67778 (Historic Town of St George and Related Fortifications, Bermuda)
258 (640) 2000 The oldest English town in the New World, St George's fortifications bear testimony to the development of English military architecture from the 17th to 20th centuries. [14]
La Fortaleza and San Juan National Historic Site in Puerto Rico
Buildings with wrought-iron balconies line a cobbled street.
Puerto RicoSan Juan
 Puerto Rico,  United States
18°28′0″N 66°7′30″W / 18.46667°N 66.12500°W / 18.46667; -66.12500 (Old San Juan)
33 (82) 1983 A series of defensive structures built between the 16th and 20th centuries at a strategic point in the Caribbean Sea to protect the city and the Bay of San Juan. They represent a fine display of European military architecture adapted to harbour sites on the American continent. [15]
Morne Trois Pitons National Park
Valley and reddish rocks.
Dominicasouth central part of the island,
15°16′N 61°17′W / 15.267°N 61.283°W / 15.267; -61.283 (Morne Trois Pitons National Park)
(viii), (x)
6,857 (16,940) 1997 [16]
National History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers
Ruins of a large stone building and flight of steps.
19°34′25″N 72°14′39″W / 19.57361°N 72.24417°W / 19.57361; -72.24417 (National History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers)
(iv), (vi)
1982 Sans-Souci Palace was the royal residence constructed by King Henri I. It was the most important of nine palaces built by the king, along with fifteen châteaux, numerous forts, and sprawling summer homes on his twenty plantations.[17]The Citadelle Laferrière is a large mountaintop fortress in northern Haiti, and is the largest fortress in the Americas. The mountaintop fortress has itself become a national icon of Haiti, featured on currency, stamps, and tourist ministry posters.[18] The Buildings of Ramiers were among the first monuments constructed after the Haitian Revolution.[19] [20]
Old Havana and its Fortifications
A city street with a tall, old looking building in the center. It has two circular towers on either end that are taller than the rest of the building.
CubaLa Habana,
23°8′0″N 82°21′0″W / 23.13333°N 82.35000°W / 23.13333; -82.35000 (Old Havana and its Fortifications)
(iv), (v)
143 (350) 1982 Havana was founded in 1519 by Spanish colonists, growing to become one of the Caribbean's primary shipbuilding centers by the 17th century. The old city was built in the Baroque and Neoclassical styles. Historical landmarks in Old Havana include La Cabaña, the Cathedral of Havana and the Great Theatre of Havana. [21]
Pitons Management Area
A pair of steep conical rocks rising from the sea.
Saint Lucianear Soufrière,
 Saint Lucia
13°48′26″N 61°4′13″W / 13.80722°N 61.07028°W / 13.80722; -61.07028 (Pitons Management Area)
(vii), (viii)
2,909 (7,190) 2004 [22]
San Pedro de la Roca Castle, Santiago de Cuba
A series of walls made of stone sit on a hill that is above water.
CubaSantiago de Cuba Province,
19°58′0″N 75°52′15″W / 19.96667°N 75.87083°W / 19.96667; -75.87083 (San Pedro de la Roca Castle, Santiago de Cuba)
(iv), (v)
1997 The large fort was built to defend the important port of Santiago de Cuba. The design of the fortification was based on Italian and Renaissance architecture. The complex of magazines, bastions, and batteries is one of the most complete and well-preserved Spanish-American defense fortifications. [23]
Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios
A group of buildings with red roofs in the middle of green trees and hills. There is a taller building with a tower in the center.
CubaSancti Spíritus Province,
21°48′11″N 79°59′4″W / 21.80306°N 79.98444°W / 21.80306; -79.98444 (Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios)
(iv), (v)
1988 The city of Trinidad was founded in the early 16th century. In 1518, Hernán Cortés began his expedition to conquer Mexico from the port at Trinidad. The city prospered throughout the colonial period in large part due to the success of the local sugar industry. The adjacent Valley de los Ingenios was the origin of the Cuban sugar industry, which emerged in the 18th century. It is home to numerous cane sugar mills, as well as cattle ranches and tobacco plantations. [24]
Urban Historic Centre of Cienfuegos
A building with yellow walls has two towers of different heights with round red roofs. There are bells in the tallest tower.
22°8′50″N 80°27′10″W / 22.14722°N 80.45278°W / 22.14722; -80.45278 (Urban Historic Centre of Cienfuegos)
(ii), (v)
2005 Cienfuegos was founded in 1819 as a Spanish colony, though its first inhabitants were French immigrants. It became a trade center in the sugar cane, tobacco, and coffee trade because of its location on the Bay of Cienfuegos. Because of its establishment in the later colonial period, the architecture has more modern influences: including modern ideas of urban planning. [25]
Viñales Valley
There is a field with tall grass and trees and a small wooden hut in the front, and steep cliffs in the back.
CubaPinar del Río Province,
22°37′N 83°43′W / 22.617°N 83.717°W / 22.617; -83.717 (Viñales Valley)
1999 The village of Viñales was founded in 1875 after the expansion of tobacco cultivation in the surrounding valley. The Valley features a karst topography, vernacular architecture, and traditional cultivation methods. The Valley was also the site of various military engagements in the Cuban War of Independence and Cuban Revolution. [26]

Location of sites

Historic Town of St George and Related Fortifications, Bermuda site located off of map.

Tentative list

In addition to sites inscribed on the World Heritage List, member states can maintain a list of tentative sites that they may consider for nomination. Nominations for the World Heritage List are only accepted if the site was previously listed on the tentative list.[28]

Site Image Location Year listed UNESCO criteria Description
Historic Centre of Jacmel
Sud-Est Department,


2004 ii, iv (cultural) The colonial city of Jacmel was founded in 1698 over an ancient pre-Columbian village.[29]

See also


  • "World Heritage Committee: 29th session" (PDF). UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
  • "World Heritage Committee: 30th session" (PDF). UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
  • "World Heritage Committee: 31st session" (PDF). UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
  • "World Heritage Committee: 33rd session" (PDF). UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
  • "World Heritage Committee: 34th session" (PDF). UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
  1. ^ "World Heritage List". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  2. ^ "The Criteria for Selection". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
  3. ^ "Alejandro de Humboldt National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  4. ^ "Solenodon cubanus". International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
  5. ^ a b "Antigua Naval Dockyard and Related Archaeological Sites". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
  6. ^ "Blue and John Crow Mountains". UNESCO. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
  7. ^ "Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  8. ^ "Colonial City of Santo Domingo". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  9. ^ "Desembarco del Granma National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  10. ^ "In Depth: Dear Granma". Bayamo Travel Guide. Frommers. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
  11. ^ "Historic Area of Willemstad, Inner City and Harbour, Curaçao". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  12. ^ "Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 September 2011.
  13. ^ "Historic Centre of Camagüey". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  14. ^ "Historic Town of St George and Related Fortifications, Bermuda". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 September 2011.
  15. ^ "La Fortaleza and San Juan National Historic Site in Puerto Rico". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 July 2017.
  16. ^ "Morne Trois Pitons National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  17. ^ Cheesman, Clive (2007). The Armorial of Haiti: Symbols of Nobility in the Reign of Henri Christophe. London: The College of Arms.
  18. ^ "National History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers". UNESCO World Heritage. 1982. Retrieved 2007-08-16.
  19. ^ "National History Park". World Heritage Site. 1982. Archived from the original on 2014-09-16. Retrieved 2014-09-22.
  20. ^ "National History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  21. ^ "Old Havana and its Fortifications". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  22. ^ "Pitons Management Area". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  23. ^ "San Pedro de la Roca Castle, Santiago de Cuba". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  24. ^ "Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  25. ^ "Urban Historic Centre of Cienfuegos". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  26. ^ "Viñales Valley". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  27. ^ "Viñales (Cuba)" (pdf). UNESCO. Retrieved October 22, 2010.
  28. ^ "Tentative Lists". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 7 October 2010.
  29. ^ "UNESCO for Haiti: Making Culture a Motor for Reconstruction Haiti, the "land of a thousand colours"". Retrieved 22 September 2014.

External links

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
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This page was last edited on 22 April 2020, at 04:43
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