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List of United States Senators from Oregon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Current delegation

Oregon was admitted to the Union on February 14, 1859. Its current U.S. Senators are Democrats Ron Wyden (serving since 1996) and Jeff Merkley (serving since 2009).

Prior to 1906, U.S. Senators were elected by the Oregon Legislative Assembly. In 1904, Oregon voters passed a ballot measure that required U.S. Senators to be selected by a popular vote and then endorsed by the state legislature. Beginning in 1914, U.S. Senators were directly elected by popular vote on the basis of the 17th Amendment to the United States Constitution.[1][2][3]

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  • ✪ Worst 10 Senators in American History
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Transcription

I'm Mr. Beat The United States has 100 senators. Two for every state. and they each serve a term of six years. The Senate collectively makes up half of Congress, the folks who make laws that apply to the whole country. They represent the states, not the people. The year I was born, the average age of a U.S. Senator was 53. Today, while the average age of all Americans is my age, the average age of a Senator is 61. They're getting older, man. This dude here, is Bernie Sanders, a Senator representing Vermont, and polls say he is the most popular Senator in the country. Polls say that this dude Mitch McConnell, a Senator representing Kentucky, is the least popular Senator in the country. Does that mean Bernie is the best Senator in the country and Mitch is the worst? Absolutely not. I think? But anyway, this got me thinking What about all of American history? Who were the best Senators? Who were the worst Senators? Let’s be negative first, shall we? Based on my research, here are the 10 worst Senators in American history. And remember, of course, that this is just my measly opinion. Also, before we get into this list, I didn’t include the senators like Bernie or Mitch who are currently in office or recently got out of office because of our bias to automatically hate politicians currently in office or who recently got out of office. So, let's get right into it. How about a little corruption to start things off? #10 James Simmons Senator from Rhode Island from 1841 to 1847 and again from 1857 to 1862, Simmons got caught getting a contract for two Rhode Island rifle manufacturers in return for $20,000 in promissory notes. So basically, he was bribed to help these two companies make lots of money from the U.S. government, which needed lots of rifles as it turns out since it was fighting the Confederate forces in the Civil War. The reason why Simmons isn’t higher up on this list is because technically there wasn’t a law saying you couldn’t do this, although Congress promptly passed a law saying "you can't do that!" #9 William Blount Yeah that's how you pronounce his name. Senator from Tennessee from 1796 to 1797, Blount was a Founding Father, and the only Senator on this list to actually sign the U.S. Constitution. Originally from North Carolina, Blount was instrumental in opening up lands west of the Appalachians to settlement. He bought up millions of acres out there himself, but his risky land investments caused him to get a lot of debt. Due to this debt, he conspired with Britain to take over the Spanish-controlled Louisiana to try to raise the prices of his land. Well, he didn’t get away with it. When Congress found out in 1797, he became the first Senator kicked out of the Senate and also the first federal official to get impeached. Blount was arrested, but posted bail and went to Tennessee and never came back. He never showed up to trial, and the feds eventually gave up trying to arrest him again. #8 Joseph Burton Aw man, this dude’s from my home state. Senator from Kansas from 1901 to 1906, uh Burton had a little conflict of interest you could say. He was getting paid for defending a company successfully against the United States government while he was Senator. Eventually, he was found guilty of public corruption, which means he was misusing the power he had as Senator for private gain. Burton became the first member of the Senate to actually be convicted of a crime. Now, does that mean other Senators weren’t doing crap like this before this? Of course not, but he was the first one to get caught. #7 John Mitchell Weird coincidence, Mitchell was Senator the same time as Burton. He represented the state of Oregon from 1901 to 1905 and was all about Big Business and against most of the political reforms of the Populists. The biggest reason why he’s on this list is because of his involvement in the Oregon land fraud scandal. Yep, this was more public corruption. Mitchell abused his power, helping a client get patents to fraudulent land claims. After being found guilty, he was sentenced to six months in prison and a $1,000 fine, but he died soon after getting a tooth pulled. True story, bro. #6 Harrison Williams Senator from New Jersey from 1959 to 1982, Williams was a career politician who actually had quite a few accomplishments in his career. Many of the social programs and public urban transit Americans take for granted today is because of him. However, beginning in the 1980s, things went downhill fast for Williams. He was convicted of bribery and conspiracy after the Abscam scandal, (that is hard to say. say that three times) a FBI-led sting operation that also took out several other politicians. He resigned after the Senate was going to kick him out anyway, and was sentenced to 3 years in prison, the first time in more than 80 years that a U.S. Senator had spent time in prison by the way. #5 Bob Packwood Sorry Oregon, here’s another one from your state. He represented it from 1969 to 1995. I’ll try not to be too mean because he is still alive, however, he was mean, man. Packwood was another career politician who did accomplish a lot while in Congress. But that whole freaking time, he was consistently abusing his power by committing sexual misconduct. The Senate Ethics Committee, which recommended his expulsion in 1995, reported that he made at least 18 “separate and unwanted and unwelcome sexual advances between 1969 and 1990.” And he even wrote about it in his diary. Packwood resigned before the Senate could kick him out. And of course, after he resigned he promptly became a lobbyist. #4 Pat McCarran Senator from Nevada from 1933 to 1954, McCarran is known as one of the few Democrats who was against Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal initiatives. Of course he was racist and xenophobic, but he also had anti-Semitic beliefs. Oh, and he was a fan of fascists. He openly admired the Spanish dictator Francisco Franco. He also was in bed with the oil industry. Most infamously, he was a big reason the Second Red Scare happened. He hated communism so much that he didn’t even care if he trampled right over civil liberties, sponsoring the paranoia-based Internal Security Act and establishing the Subversive Activities Control Board to start witch hunts targeting communists. He was so bad, that Nevada representatives recently even called for the removal his statue that’s sitting in the National Statuary Hall Collection. Yep, here’s one you have probably heard of... #3 Joseph McCarthy Senator from Wisconsin from 1947 to 1957, McCarthy became the face of the Second Red Scare of the late 1940s and early 1950s. After three years of not doing much in the Senate, McCarthy all of a sudden became a household name in February 1950 when he claimed he had a list of members of communist spies and members of the Communist Party employed within the State Department. Did he ever reveal that list to the public? No. Did he continue to throw out baseless allegations? Absolutely. He stirred up so much communist hatred and paranoia in the United States that today we name it after him. It’s called McCarthyism. Oh yeah, and don’t forget the Lavender Scare he also stirred up, which was another witch hunt that targeted homosexuals, causing them to lose their government jobs throughout the 1950s. And later he helped turn socialism into a dirty word, too. McCarthy is not known for policy or getting sweeping legislation passed. He’s known today for just causing mass hysteria. Even the Senate had had enough of him so much that they censured him in 1954. “Censured” just means they officially said “you did bad, stop it, we disapprove.” And here’s one you probably HAVEN’T heard of. #2 Theodore Bilbo Senator from Mississippi from 1935 to 1947 and poster boy for white supremacy and segregation in the South. While most Senators throughout American history have been at least somewhat racist, Bilbo was a special kind of racist. First of all, he was a member of the KKK, so there’s that. He didn’t just hate African Americans. He hated communists, Jews, unions, and of course immigrants. As governor of Mississippi, he did nothing as mobs lynched African Americans in the streets. Also as governor, he tried to get a bunch of teachers fired and caused his state to almost go bankrupt. Wait a second, why didn’t this dude make my Worst Governors video? Anyway, his ego was ridiculously big and he always liked to be the center of attention, wearing bright, flashy suits and...no joke...always referring to himself in the third person. And finally, after his re-election to the Senate in 1946, a group of African American World War II vets said they and several other blacks were not allowed to vote in the election. But before the Senate could act on the charges, Bilbo died in his mansion. And #1. It's a tie. and if you saw my Worst Governors video, this one may not be much of a surprise. These are all of the Senators who left the Union to join the Confederacy during the Civil War. All of them declared allegiance to the Confederacy in the name of preserving the institution of slavery. Maybe you CAN call them traitors. Regardless, they should have stuck with the Union. So that’s it. The ten worst senators in American history. I know I left a lot of bad senators off this list. And maybe you disagree with this list. Yeah, yeah, go ahead and tell me how wrong I am. Also, I want to get a list going of (dis)honorable mentions. Get it? (Dis)honorable? And I want to gather those and put them in the description of this video and maybe pin a comment. A special shout out to Ian for suggesting the topic of this video. Ian and his mother are long time Patreon supporters. Thank you so much guys. It means the world. Next week, I have another Patreon-requested video coming. Get excited! Thanks for watching. Now how do I get out of here? How did I even get here? Why is it so warm outside? Is this real?

Contents

List of Senators

Class 2

Class 2 U.S. senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 1996, 2002, 2008, and 2014. The next election will be in 2020.

C
o
n
g
r
e
s
s

Class 3

Class 3 U.S. senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 1998, 2004, 2010, and 2016. The next election will be in 2022.

# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
e
r
m
T
e
r
m
Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
1
DelazonSmith.jpg

Delazon Smith
Democratic February 14, 1859 –
March 3, 1859
Elected in 1859.

Lost re-election.
1 35th 1 Elected in 1859.

Retired.
February 14, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
Democratic
Joseph Lane (cwpbh-02170).jpg

Joseph Lane
1
Vacant March 3, 1859 –
October 1, 1860
Legislature failed to elect. 2 36th
2
EdDBaker.jpg

Edward D. Baker
Republican October 1, 1860 –
October 21, 1861
Elected late in 1860.

Died.
37th 2 Election year unknown.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1867
Democratic
James W. Nesmith - Brady-Handy.jpg

James Nesmith
2
Vacant October 21, 1861 –
February 27, 1862
 
3
Benjamin Stark 1910.jpg

Benjamin Stark
Democratic February 27, 1862 –
September 12, 1862
Appointed to continue Baker's term.

Retired when successor elected.
4
Benjamin F. Harding - Brady-Handy.jpg

Benjamin F. Harding
Democratic September 12, 1862 –
March 3, 1865
Elected to finish Baker's term.

Retired.
38th
5
George Henry Williams, Brady-Handy bw photo portrait, ca1870-1880.jpg

George H. Williams
Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1871
Elected in 1864.

Lost re-election.
3 39th
40th 3 Election year unknown.

Retired.
March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1873
Republican
Henry W. Corbett - Brady-Handy.jpg

Henry W. Corbett
3
41st
6
James K. Kelly - Brady-Handy.jpg

James K. Kelly
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1877
Elected in 1870.

Retired.
4 42nd
43rd 4 Elected in 1872.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1879
Republican
John H. Mitchell - Brady-Handy.jpg

John H. Mitchell
4
44th
7
La Fayette Grover - Brady-Handy.jpg

La Fayette Grover
Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1883
Election year unknown.

Retired.
5 45th
46th 5 Election year unknown.

Retired.
March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1885
Democratic
James H. Slater - Brady-Handy.jpg

James H. Slater
5
47th
8
Joseph N. Dolph.jpg

Joseph N. Dolph
Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1895
Elected in 1882. 6 48th
49th 6   March 3, 1885 –
November 18, 1885
Vacant
Elected late in 1885. November 18, 1885 –
March 3, 1897
Republican
John H. Mitchell - Brady-Handy.jpg

John H. Mitchell
6
50th
Re-elected in 1888.

Lost re-election.
7 51st
52nd 7 Re-elected in 1890.

Lost re-election.
53rd
9
George W. McBride.jpg

George W. McBride
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1901
Elected February 23, 1895.[4]

Lost renomination.
8 54th
55th 8   March 3, 1897 –
October 7, 1898
Vacant
Elected late in 1898.

Retired.
October 7, 1898 –
March 3, 1903
Republican
Joseph Simon of Oregon.jpg

Joseph Simon
7
56th
10
John H. Mitchell - Brady-Handy.jpg

John H. Mitchell
Republican March 4, 1901 –
December 8, 1905
Elected February 24, 1901.

Died.
9 57th
58th 9 Elected February 21, 1903.[5]

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1909
Republican
Looters of the Public Domain 481.png

Charles W. Fulton
8
59th
Vacant December 8, 1905 –
December 21, 1905
 
11
John M. Gearin.jpg

John M. Gearin
Democratic December 21, 1905 –
January 23, 1907
Appointed to continue Mitchell's term.

Retired when successor elected.
12
Frederick W. Mulkey.jpg

Frederick W. Mulkey
Republican January 23, 1907 –
March 3, 1907
Elected to finish Mitchell's term.[6][7]

Retired.
13
Jonathan Bourne.jpg

Jonathan Bourne, Jr.
Republican March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1913
Elected January 22, 1907.[6][7]

Lost renomination.
10 60th
61st 10 Elected January 19, 1909.[7] March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1921
Democratic
George E Chamberlain -3Qtr view.jpg

George E. Chamberlain
9
62nd
14
Harry Lane.jpg

Harry Lane
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
May 23, 1917
Elected January 21, 1913.[7]

Died.
11 63rd
64th 11 Re-elected in 1914.

Lost re-election.
65th
Vacant May 23, 1917 –
May 29, 1917
 
15
Charles mcnary.jpg

Charles L. McNary
Republican May 29, 1917 –
November 5, 1918
Appointed to continue Lane's term.

Not elected to finish Lane's term.
16
Frederick W. Mulkey.jpg

Frederick W. Mulkey
Republican November 6, 1918 –
December 17, 1918
Elected to finish Lane's term.

Resigned early to give successor preferential seniority.
17
Charles mcnary.jpg

Charles L. McNary
Republican December 18, 1918 –
February 25, 1944
Appointed to finish Lane/Mulkey's term, having already been elected to the next term.
Elected in 1918. 12 66th
67th 12 Elected in 1920.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1927
Republican
Robert Nelson Stanfield.jpg

Robert N. Stanfield
10
68th
Re-elected in 1924. 13 69th
70th 13 Elected in 1926. March 4, 1927 –
January 31, 1938
Republican
Fredericksteiwer.jpg

Frederick Steiwer
11
71st
Re-elected in 1930. 14 72nd
73rd 14 Re-elected in 1932.

Resigned.
74th
Re-elected in 1936. 15 75th
  January 31, 1938 –
February 11, 1938
Vacant
Appointed to continue Steiwer's term.

Retired when successor elected.
February 11, 1938 –
November 9, 1938
Democratic
Alfred Evan Reames.jpg

Alfred E. Reames
12
Elected to finish Steiwer's term.

Retired.
November 9, 1938 –
January 3, 1939
Republican
Alexander Grant Barry.jpg

Alexander G. Barry
13
76th 15 Elected in 1938.

Lost renomination.
January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1945
Republican
Rufus Holman.jpg

Rufus C. Holman
14
77th
Re-elected in 1942.

Died.
16 78th
Vacant February 25, 1944 –
March 13, 1944
 
18
Guy F. Cordon.jpg

Guy Cordon
Republican March 13, 1944 –
January 3, 1955
Appointed to continue McNary's term.

Elected November 7, 1944 to finish McNary's term.
79th 16 Elected in 1944. January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1969
Republican[8]
Wayne Morse.jpg

Wayne Morse
15
80th
Re-elected in 1948.

Lost re-election.
17 81st
82nd 17 Re-elected in 1950.
Independent[8]
83rd
19
Richard Lewis Neuberger.jpg

Richard L. Neuberger
Democratic January 3, 1955 –
March 9, 1960
Elected in 1954.

Died.
18 84th Democratic[8]
85th 18 Re-elected in 1956.
86th
Vacant March 9, 1960 –
March 23, 1960
 
20
Hall Stoner Lusk.jpg

Hall S. Lusk
Democratic March 23, 1960 –
November 9, 1960
Appointed to continue Neuberger's term.

Retired when successor elected.
21
Maurine Brown Neuberger.jpg

Maurine Brown Neuberger
Democratic November 9, 1960 –
January 3, 1967
Elected to finish her husband's term.
Elected to full term in 1960.

Retired.
19 87th
88th 19 Re-elected in 1962.

Lost re-election.
89th
22
Mark hatfield.jpg

Mark Hatfield
Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1997
Elected in 1966. 20 90th
91st 20 Elected in 1968. January 3, 1969 –
October 1, 1995
Republican
RWPackwood.jpg

Bob Packwood
16
92nd
Re-elected in 1972. 21 93rd
94th 21 Re-elected in 1974.
95th
Re-elected in 1978. 22 96th
97th 22 Re-elected in 1980.
98th
Re-elected in 1984. 23 99th
100th 23 Re-elected in 1986.
101st
Re-elected in 1990.

Retired.
24 102nd
103rd 24 Re-elected in 1992.

Resigned.
104th
  October 1, 1995 –
February 6, 1996
Vacant
Elected to finish Packwood's term. February 6, 1996 –
Present
Democratic
Ron Wyden official portrait crop.jpg

Ron Wyden
17
23
Gordon Smith official portrait (cropped).jpg

Gordon Smith
Republican January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2009
Elected in 1996. 25 105th
106th 25 Re-elected in 1998.
107th
Re-elected in 2002.

Lost re-election.
26 108th
109th 26 Re-elected in 2004.
110th
24
Jeff Merkley, 115th official photo (cropped).jpg

Jeff Merkley
Democratic January 3, 2009 –
Present
Elected in 2008. 27 111th
112th 27 Re-elected in 2010.
113th
Re-elected in 2014. 28 114th
115th 39 Re-elected in 2016.
116th
To be determined in the 2020 election. 29 117th
118th 29 To be determined in the 2022 election.
# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
e
r
m
  T
e
r
m
Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
Class 2 Class 3

Living former U.S. Senators from Oregon

As of January 2019, there are two living former U.S. Senators from Oregon. The most recent to die was Mark Hatfield (served January 3, 1967 – January 3, 1997) on August 7, 2011, who was also the most recently serving to die.

Senator Class Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Bob Packwood 3 January 3, 1969 – October 1, 1995 (1932-09-11) September 11, 1932 (age 86)
Gordon H. Smith 2 January 3, 1997 – January 3, 2009 (1952-05-25) May 25, 1952 (age 67)

See also

References

  1. ^ "Initiative, Referendum and Recall Introduction". Oregon Blue Book. Salem, Oregon: Oregon Secretary of State. 2006. Retrieved May 25, 2011.
  2. ^ "U.S. Senators from Oregon". Oregon Blue Book. Salem, Oregon: Oregon Secretary of State. 2006. Retrieved May 25, 2011.
  3. ^ Carey, Charles Henry (1922). History of Oregon. Chicago, Illinois: Pioneer Publishing. pp. 837–838.
  4. ^ "George Wycliffe McBride". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. United States Congress. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
  5. ^ "OREGON SENATOR CHOSEN". The New York Times. February 22, 1903. p. 3.
  6. ^ a b The World Almanac and Encyclopedia 1908. The Press Publishing Co., New York World. 1907. p. 263.
  7. ^ a b c d Selected by popular vote, but formally elected by the state legislature
  8. ^ a b c Wayne Morse was elected as a Republican in 1944 and re-elected as a Republican in 1950. He changed to Independent in 1952 and to Democratic in 1955. He was re-elected as a Democrat in 1956 and 1962.

External links

This page was last edited on 23 May 2019, at 17:32
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