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List of United States Army tactical truck models

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

By 1915 the US Army was using trucks tactically, for World War I it began purchasing in large numbers. Early trucks were often designed for both military and commercial use, later military-specific designs were built. Since 1940 the US military has ordered over 3,000,000 tactical trucks. The US Marines have used both US Army and their own specific models, some are shown.

The "ton" (907 kg) weight ratings are the payload of a basic cargo version of the truck, not of the individual version.

The "wheel arrangement" designation is the number of wheels x the number of driven wheels. There are two wheels per axle, dual tires are counted as one wheel. Some series have both single and dual tire models.

"Total built" usually includes for US forces and any export orders.

1915

Name and type[1] [2] Build years Total built Notes
Dodge M1918
12-ton 4x2
1918 1,012 Light repair truck for vehicles
White
1 12-ton 4x2
1917-1919 Wide range of bodies
Jeffery/Nash Quad[a]
2-ton 4x4
1913-1928 11,500+ Early models had 4-wheel steering
Liberty truck
3-ton 4x2
1917-1918 9,452 built by 15 different manufacturers
FWD Model B[b]
3-ton 4x4
1912-1920+ 16,000+ Wide range of bodies
Ordnance standard
3-ton 4x4
1918 150?

1930

Name and type[1] Build years Total built Notes
Ford / M.-H.[c]
12-ton 4x4
1939 Prototypes only Light repair truck
Dodge
1 12-ton 4x4
1939-1940 Wide range of bodies
FWD
2-ton 4x4
1930 100+ Cargo and tank models
Indiana 16x4
2 12-ton 4x4
1934-1935 Open and closed cabs

1940

In 1939-1940 the US Army Ordnance Corps was developing a complete line of tactical trucks that could operate off-road in all weather. In 1941 ​14, ​12, ​1 12, and 3-ton 4x4s and 2 12, 4, and ​7 12-ton 6x6s were in production and several other types had been added. These trucks are named after their type followed by their manufacturer and model. Early use of "M" numbers relate to the body and not the truck itself. During WWII "M" numbers began to be used for new truck models. In 1945 all truck production ended.

Name and type Build years Total built Notes
Willys MB[d]
14-ton 4x4[3]
1941-1945 639,000+ Also built by Ford as GPW
First "jeep" in the current meaning of the word
Dodge WC
12-​34 ton 4x4[4]
1941-1945 255,000+ 10+ bodies
Chevrolet G506
1 12-ton 4x4[5]
1940-1945 168,603 15 bodies
GMC CCKW[e]
2 12-ton 6x6[6]
1941-1945 562,750 12+ bodies
"Deuce and a Half", "Jimmy".
GMC DUKW[e]
2 12-ton 6x6[7]
1942-1945 21,147 Amphibious version of CCKW
"Duck"
Studebaker US6[f]
2 12-ton 6x6[8]
1941-1945 219,882 8 bodies
Diamond T 968
4-ton 6x6
[9]
1940-1945 30,000 Cargo, dump, wrecker
and specialty bodies
Autocar U8144T
5-6 ton 4x4
1941-1945 2,711 Semi-tractor for pontoon bridges
Mack NJU
5-6 ton 4x4
1941-1942 692 Semi-tractor for pontoon bridges
Brockway B666[g]
6-ton 6x6[10]
1941-1945 219,882 Bridge, crane, cargo fire, van
and others by 5 manufacturers
Mack NM
6-ton 6x6
1940-1944 8,400+ Prime mover cargo truck
Mack NO
7 12-ton 6x6
1943-1945 2,050 Prime mover cargo truck
M1 Wrecker
10-ton 6x6[11]
1941-1945 5,765 Standard heavy wrecker during WWII
Built by Ward LaFrance and Kenworth.
Diamond T 980
12-ton 6x4[12]
1941-1945 6,554 Tractor for M19 Tank Transporter
Pacific M26
12-ton 6x6[13]
1943-1945 1,372 Semi-tractor for M25 Tank Transporter
"Dragon Wagon"

1950

In 1950 the next generation of tactical trucks were being developed. Sizes were rationalized, with ​14 and ​34-ton 4x4s and 2 12, 5, and 10-ton 6x6s. Trucks were military standard designs, 6x6 trucks used common cabs and similar fender and hood styles.[14]

Name and type Build years Total built Notes
M422
14-ton 4x4
1959-1962 3,992 USMC lightweight utility truck
"Mighty Mite"
M38A1[15]
14-ton 4x4
1952-1971 Light utility truck
"Jeep"
M274[16]
12-ton 4x4
1959 USMC Platform utility truck
"Mule"
M37 Series[17]
34-ton 4x4
1951-1968 136,220 10 bodies
"Power Wagon"
M35 Series[18]
2 12-ton 6x6
1950-1988 173,700[h] 8+ bodies by 6 manufactures
M54 Series[19]
5-ton 6x6
1951-1965 156,900[i] Cargo, dump, tractor, van, wrecker, and others.
M123/M125[20]
10-ton 6x6
1955-1969 4,132 semi-tractor for tank transporter
prime mover cargo truck

1960

Name and type Build years Total built Notes
M151[21]
14-ton 4x4
1960-1988 103,700[j] 14-ton utility jeep
M715 series
1 14-ton 4x4
1967-1969 30,553 Ambulance, cargo, utility bodies
(Modified Jeep J-series truck)
M561
1 14-ton 6x6
1968 14,274 Cargo and ambulance bodies
"Gamma Goat"
M656 Series
5-ton 8x8
1968-1969 3 bodies for Pershing Missile System

1970

Name and type Build years Total built Notes
M880 series [22]
1 14-ton 4x4
1975-1976 44,027 Ambulance, cargo, utility bodies
(Modified Dodge W-series trucks)
M809 series[23]
5-ton 6x6
1970-1982 38,800 Cargo, dump, tractor, van, wrecker, and others
M520
8-ton 4x4
1972[k]-1976 1300[l] Cargo, tank and wrecker bodies
Fully amphibious - "Goer"
M915 series[24]
14-ton[m] 6x4[n]
1978-1982 9,505 Tractor, dump, tank, mixer
AM General/CCC models
M911 C-MET[o]
Heavy 8x6
1977 Semi-tractor for tank transporter
(Modified Oshkosh F2365 truck)

1980

In the 1980s truck series began to be named from the initials of the truck type and are widely known by these names.

Name and type Build years Total built Notes
CUCV[25][p] M1008
1 14-ton 4x4
1983-1986 70,889 Ambulance, cargo, utility bodies
(Modified Chevrolet K-series trucks)
HMMWV[q] M998[26]
1 12-ton 4x4
1983 Utility, ambulance, shelter-carrier
M939 Series[27]
5-ton 6x6
1982 44,590[r] Cargo, dump, semi-tractor, van, wrecker, and others
HEMTT[s] M977[28]
10-ton 8x8
1982 962 Cargo, semi-tractor, tanker, wrecker

1990

Name and type Build years Total built Notes
LMTV[t] M1078[29]
2 12-ton 4x4
1991 Cargo, van, and chassis for specialty bodies
MTV[u] M1083[30]
5-ton 6x6
2005 Cargo, dump, semi-tractor, tanker, wrecker, and others
M915A2 series[31]
15-ton[v] 6x4[w]
1990 Tractor, dump
Freightliner models
HET[x] M1070
Heavy 8x8
1993- 2,033 Semi-tractor for tank transporter
Designed and built by Oshkosh

2000

Name and type Build years Total built Notes
7000MV[y]
HD 6x6
2005- 9,500+ For export
(modified International WorkStar)
MTVR[z]
7-ton 6x6
1999 Cargo, dump, wrecker
Used only by USMC
LVSR[aa]
Heavy 10x10
2009 1,500+ Cargo, tractor, wrecker
Used only by USMC

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Also built by Hudson, National, and Paige-Detroit
  2. ^ Also built by Mitchel, Kissel, and Preimer.
  3. ^ Modified with driven front axle by Marmon-Herrington.
  4. ^ Also built as Ford GPW
  5. ^ a b Also built by Chevrolet
  6. ^ Also built by REO.
  7. ^ Also built by Corbitt (designer), FWD, Ward LaFrance, and White
  8. ^ Includes all built by 10 manufacturers.
  9. ^ Includes International Harvester, Diamond T, Kaiser Jeep, and Mack built.
  10. ^ Includes Ford and Willys/Kaiser Jeep/AM General built.
  11. ^ Pre-production models tested
    in Germany and Vietnam from 1962
  12. ^ Does not include pre-production vehicles.
  13. ^ Up to 20-ton.
  14. ^ Also 6x6 and 8x6
  15. ^ Commercial Heavy Equipment Transporter
  16. ^ Commercial Utility Cargo Vehicle
  17. ^ High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle
  18. ^ Includes AM General and Bowen-McLaughlin-York built.
  19. ^ Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Truck
  20. ^ Light Medium Tactical Vehicle
  21. ^ Medium Tactical Vehicle
  22. ^ Also ​18 12 and 20-ton
  23. ^ Also 6x6
  24. ^ Heavy Equipment Transporter
  25. ^ Navistar F7400 SFA 6x6
  26. ^ Medium Tactical Vehicle Replacement
  27. ^ Logistic Vehicle System Replacement

References

  1. ^ a b Crismon, Fred W (2001). US Military Wheeled Vehicles (3 ed.). Victory WWII Pub. ISBN 0-970056-71-0.
  2. ^ Handbook of Ordnance Data (PDF). US War Dept. 1919. Retrieved 18 Mar 2020.
  3. ^ TM 9-803 ¼-ton 4x4 Truck (Willys-Overland Model MB and Ford Model GPW) (PDF). US Dept. of the Army. 1944. Retrieved 25 Jun 2019.
  4. ^ TM 9-808 ​34-ton 4x4 Truck (Dodge) (PDF). US Dept. of the Army. 1944. Retrieved 25 Jun 2019.
  5. ^ TM 9-805 ​1 12 ton 4x4 Truck (Chevrolet) (PDF). US War Dept. 1943. Retrieved 25 Jun 2019.
  6. ^ TM 9-801 ​2 12-ton 6×6 GMC CCKW (PDF). US War Dept. 1944. Retrieved 25 Jun 2019.
  7. ^ TM 9-802 ​2 12 ton Amphibian Truck, 6x6, GMC DUKW-353 (PDF). US War Dept. 1943. Retrieved 25 Jun 2019.
  8. ^ TM 9-807 ​2 12-ton 6x6 Truck and ​2 12 to 5-ton 6x4 truck (PDF). US War Dept. 1943. Retrieved 25 Jun 2019.
  9. ^ TM 9-811 4-ton, 6x6 Trucks (Diamond T Models 968A (and others)) (PDF). US War Dept. 1944. Retrieved 25 Jun 2019.
  10. ^ TM 9-813 6-ton 6x6 Truck (White, Corbit, and Brockway) (PDF). US War Dept. 1944. Retrieved 25 Jun 2019.
  11. ^ TM 9-796 Heavy Wrecking Truck M1A1 (Kenworth Model 573, Ward LaFrance Series 5) (PDF). US Dept. of the Army. 1953. Retrieved 25 Jun 2019.
  12. ^ TM 9-768 45-ton Tank Transporter Truck-trailer M19 (PDF). US Dept. Of the Army. 1944. Retrieved 25 Jun 2019.
  13. ^ TM 9-767 40 ton Tank Transporter Truck-trailer M25 (PDF). US War Dept. 1942. Retrieved 25 Jun 2019.
  14. ^ Ware (2014), pp. 66-67.
  15. ^ TM 9-804A  ¼-ton 4x4 Utility Truck M38A1 (PDF). US Dept. of the Army. 1952. Retrieved 25 Jun 2019.
  16. ^ TM 9-2320-213-10 Operator's Manual for Truck, Platform Utility: ​12-ton 4x4 M274 (and others) (PDF). US Dept. of the Army. 1963. Retrieved 20 Jun 2019.
  17. ^ TM 9-2320-212-10 Operator's Manual Truck, Cargo, ​34-ton 4x4 M37(Series) (PDF). US Dept. of the Army. 1973. Retrieved 30 Aug 2015.
  18. ^ TM 9-2320-209-10-1  Operation, Installation, and Reference Data Operator Level 2 ½-ton, 6x6, M44A1 and M44A2 Series Trucks (Multifuel) (PDF).
  19. ^ TM 9-2320-211-10 Operators Manual for Truck 5 ton, 6X6, M39 series (PDF). US Dept. of the Army. 1977. Retrieved 20 Jun 2019.
  20. ^ TM 9-2320-206-10 Operator’s Manual Truck, Tractor: 10-ton, 6X6, M123 (and others) (PDF). US Dept. Of the Army. 1977. Retrieved 20 Jun 2019.
  21. ^ TM 9-2320-218-10 Operators Manual for Truck, Utility: 1/4 ton, 4x4, M151 (and others) (PDF). US Department of the Army. 1968.
  22. ^ TM 9-2320-266-34 Direct and General Support Maintenance Manual Truck, Cargo: ​1 14-ton 4x4 M880 (and others) (PDF). US Dept. of the Army. 1976. Retrieved 16 Jun 2019.
  23. ^ TM 9-2320-260-10 Operator's Manual Truck 5 ton, 6x6, M809 series (PDF). US Dept. of the Army. 2003. Retrieved 16 Jun 2019.
  24. ^ TM 9-2320-283-10  Operator's Manual for Truck, Tractor, Line Haul: 50,000 GVWR, 6x4, M915A1 (and others) (PDF). US Dept. of the Army. 2006. Retrieved 20 Jun 2019.
  25. ^ TM 9-2320-289-10 Operator's Manual for Truck, Cargo, Tactical, ​1 14-ton, 4x4, M1008 (and others) (PDF). US Dept. of the Army. 1992. Retrieved 20 Jun 2019.
  26. ^ TM 9-2320-280-10 Operator's Manual for Truck, Utility: Cargo/Troop Carrier, ​1 14-ton, 4x4, M998 (and others) (PDF). US Dept. of the Army. 2004. Retrieved 20 Jun 2019.
  27. ^ TM 9-2320-272-10 Operator's Manual for Truck, 5-ton,6x6, M939 (and others) (PDF). US Dept. of the Army. 2004. Retrieved 20 Jun 2019.
  28. ^ TM 9-2320-279-10-1  Operator's Manual M977 series8x8 Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Trucks (HEMTT) (PDF). US Dept. of the Army. 1998. Retrieved 20 Jun 2019.
  29. ^ TM 9-2320-365-10  Operator's Instruction Manual M1078 series 2 ½-ton, 4x4, Light Medium Tactical Vehicles (LMTV) (PDF). US Dept. of the Army. 2005. Retrieved 20 Jun 2019.
  30. ^ TM 9-2320-36-10  Operator's Instruction Manual M1083 Series 5-ton , 6x6, Medium Tactical Vehicles (LMTV) (PDF). US Dept. of the Army. 2005. Retrieved 20 Jun 2019.
  31. ^ TM 9-2320-302-10  Operator's Manual for Truck, Tractor, Line Haul: 52,000 GVWR, 6x4, M915A3 (and others) (PDF). US Dept. of the Army. 2010. Retrieved 20 Jun 2019.

External links

This page was last edited on 26 March 2020, at 22:07
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