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List of Soviet and Russian submarine classes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Submarines in the Soviet Navy were developed by numbered "projects", which were sometimes but not always given names. During the Cold War, NATO nations referred to these classes by NATO reporting names, based on intelligence data, which did not always correspond perfectly with the projects. See:

The NATO reporting names were based on the British (and later American) habit of naming submarines with a letter of the alphabet indicating the class, followed by a serial number of that class. The names are the radiotelephonic alphabet call sign of a letter of the alphabet. For security purposes, the "pennant numbers" of Soviet submarines were not sequential, any more than those of Soviet surface vessels were.

Most Russian (and Soviet) submarines had no "personal" name, but were only known by a number, prefixed by letters identifying the boat's type at a higher level than her class. Those letters included:

  • К (K): крейсерская (kreyserskaya, "cruiser")
  • ТК (TK): тяжелая крейсерская (tyazholaya kreyserskaya, "heavy cruiser")
  • Б (B): большая (bolshaya, "large")
  • С (S): средняя (srednyaya, "medium")
  • М (M): малая (malaya, "small")

Any of those prefixes could have С (S) added to the end, standing for специальная (spetsialnaya) and meaning "designed for special missions":

  • New weapon, engines and armament testing
  • Submarines for long-range radio communications
  • Target submarines for anti-submarine training
  • Rescue service submarines
  • Covert operations

Diesel-electric

Russo-Japanese War

World War I era

World War II era

Project Series Image Built Assignment
Dekabrist class submarine Series I
Shadowgraph Dekabrist class I series submarine mod.svg
6 large positional submarine
Leninets class submarine Series II, XI, XIII, XIII-1938
Shadowgraph Leninets class II series submarine.svg

Shadowgraph Leninets class II mod series submarine.svg
Shadowgraph Leninets class XI mod series submarine.svg
Shadowgraph Leninets class XIII mod series submarine.svg
Shadowgraph Leninets class XIII-1938 series submarine.svg

25 Mine layers
Shchuka class submarine Series III, V, V-bis, V-bis-2, X, X-1938
Shadowgraph Schuka class III series submarine 01.svg

Shadowgraph Schuka class V series submarine.svg
Shadowgraph Schuka class V-bis series submarine.svg
Shadowgraph Schuka class V-bis-2 series submarine.svg
Shadowgraph Schuka class X series submarine.svg
Shadowgraph Schuka class X-bis series submarine.svg

86 Medium-sized patrol submarines.
Pravda class submarine Serie IV
Shadowgraph Pravda class IV series submarine.svg

Shadowgraph Pravda class IV series submarine mod.svg

3 Squadron submarines.
Malyutka class submarine Series VI, VI-bis, XII, XV
Shadowgraph Malyutka class VI series submarine.svg

Shadowgraph Malyutka class VI-bis series submarine.svg

Shadowgraph Malyutka class XII series submarine.svg

Shadowgraph Malyutka class XV series submarine.svg
110 Small submarines for coastal patrols.
Soviet S class submarine Series IX,IX-bis
Shadowgraph S-56 submarine.svg
41 Medium submarines, built using German project (early version of Type IX).
K class submarine (Soviet) Serie XIV
Shadowgraph Kreiserskaya class submarine.svg
11 Cruiser submarines with combined arms.
TS class submarine
Rechinul and Marsuinul.jpg
3 Former submarines of the Royal Romanian Navy: Rechinul (TS-1), Marsuinul (TS-2) and Delfinul (TS-3)

Post war era

Attack submarines

Project NATO reporting name Silhouette/Image Built Assignment
611, AB611 Zulu class
Zulu II class SS.svg
26 Large oceanic submarines
613 Whiskey class
Whiskey V class SS.svg
215 Medium multi-purpose submarines
615 Quebec class
Quebec class SS.svg
30 Small submarines with full-diesel propulsion
617 Whale class
Whale class SS.svg
1 Experimental submarines which had a Walter engine fuelled by high test peroxide (HTP)
633 Romeo class
Romeo class SS.svg
20 Medium submarines
641 Foxtrot class
Foxtrot class SS.svg
75 Large oceanic submarines
641Б Cом (Som, catfish) Tango class
Tango class SS.svg
18 Large oceanic submarines
690 Кефаль (Kefal, mullet) Bravo class
Bravo class SS.svg
4 Target submarine for torpedo exercises
877, 877Э, 877ЭКМ, 877В, 877ЛПМБ, 877ЭК Paltus (turbot) Kilo class
Kilo class SS.svg
24 Large submarines
636, 636М (Varshavyanka, after Warsaw Pact) Improved Kilo class
Improved Kilo class SS.svg
31 Large submarines
677 Лада (Lada, goddess of love)
Lada class S.Peterburg.svg
1 Large submarines
1650 Амур (the Amur River)
Amur 1650.jpg
0 Modification of Lada class for export
865 Пиранья (Piran'ya, piranha) Losos class (Salmon)
Model submarine project 865 to «Army 2015».JPG
2 Midget submarines

Guided missile submarines

Project NATO reporting name Silhouette/Image Built Assignment
P613 Whiskey Single Cylinder
Whiskey V class SS.svg
1 × SS-N-3 cruise missile
644 Whiskey Twin Cylinder
Whiskey Twin Cylinder class SSG.svg
2 × SS-N-3 cruise missile
665 Whiskey Long Bin
Whiskey Long Bin class SSG.svg
4 × SS-N-3 cruise missile
651 Juliett
Juliett class SSG.svg
16 Four SS-N-3 Shaddock (P-5 or P-6), or SS-N-12 Sandbox (P-500 4K-80 Basalt)

Ballistic missile submarines

Project NATO reporting name Silhouette/Image Built Assignment
629, 609, 601, 605, 619 Golf
Golf II-class submarine

Golf II-class submarine
Golf II-class submarine
Golf II-class submarine
Golf II-class submarine
Golf II-class submarine
Golf II-class submarine

24 3 × Project 629 boats D-1 launch system with R-11FM missiles

Auxiliary submarines

Project NATO reporting name Silhouette/Image Built Assignment
940 Ленок India
An India class submarine carrying two DSRVs in 1985
2 2 × Poseidon class DSRV's
1710 Макрель Beluga 1 It was an experimental vessel used for testing propulsion systems, hull forms, and boundary-layer control techniques.
1840 Lima 1 Large special. It was used for trying out new technologies, research, or special mission support

Nuclear-Powered

Attack submarines

First generation

Project NATO reporting name Silhouette/Image Built Assignment
627 Кit, 645 Кit-ЖМТ November
November class SSN 627 project.svg

November class SSN 627A project.svg

14

Second generation

Project NATO reporting name Silhouette/Image Built Assignment
671, 671B, 671K, 671R Ёрш Victor I
Victor I class SSN.svg
16
671RT Victor II
Victor II class SSN.svg
7
671RTM Щука Victor III
Victor III class SSN.svg
26

Third generation

Project NATO reporting name Silhouette/Image Built Assignment
705, 705K Лира Alfa
Alfa class SSN.svg
7
945 Барракуда Sierra I
Sierra I class SSN.svg
2
945A Кондор Sierra II
Sierra II class SSN.svg
2
685 Плавник Mike
K-278 Komsomolets
1 Record submergence depth of 1,020 metres (3,350 feet)

Fourth generation

Project NATO reporting name Silhouette/Image Built Assignment
Project 971 Щука-Б Akula
AkulaProjekt971U right.png
15
Project 885 (Yasen) Severodvinsk
Graney class SSN.svg
2 Planned 12

Guided missile submarines

First generation

Project NATO reporting name Silhouette/Image Built Assignment
659 Echo I
Echo I class SSGN.svg
5
675 Echo II
Echo II class SSGN.svg
29

Second generation

Project NATO reporting name Silhouette/Image Built Assignment
661 Анчар (Anchar, upas) Papa
Papa class SSGN.svg
1 Fastest speed ever recorded for a submerged vehicle at 44.7 knots
667AT Груша (Grusha, pear) Yankee Notch
Yankee Notch class SSGN.svg
4
667M Андромеда (Andromeda, the constellation) Yankee Sidecar
Yankee Sidecar class SSGN.svg
1
670 Скат (Skat, ray) Charlie I
Charlie I class SSGN.svg
11
670M Скат-М (Skat-M, ray) Charlie II
Charlie II class SSGN.svg
6

Third generation

Project NATO reporting name Silhouette/Image Built Assignment
949 Гранит (Granit, granite) Oscar I
Oscar I class SSGN.svg
2
949A Антей (Antey, Antaeus) Oscar II
Oscar II class SSGN.svg
11

Fourth generation

Project NATO reporting name Silhouette/Image Built Assignment
885 Ясень (Yasen, ash) Severodvinsk
Graney class SSN.svg
5

Ballistic missile submarines

First generation

Project NATO reporting name Silhouette/Image Built Assignment
658, 701 Hotel
Hotel II class SSBN.svg
8

Second generation

Project NATO reporting name Silhouette/Image Built Assignment
667A Навага, 667AУ Налим (Navaga; Nalim, burbot) Yankee I
Yankee class SSBN.svg
34
667AM Навага-М (Navaga-M) Yankee II
Yankee II class SSBN.svg
1
667Б Мурена (Murena, eel) Delta I
Delta I class SSBN.svg
18
667БД Мурена-М (Murena-M, eel) Delta II
Delta II class SSBN.svg
4
667БДР Кальмар (Kal'mar, squid) Delta III
Delta III class SSBN.svg
14
667БДРМ Дельфин (Del'fin, dolphin) Delta IV
Delta IV class SSBN.svg
7

Third generation

Project NATO reporting name Silhouette/Image Built Assignment
941 Акула; (Akula, shark) Typhoon
Typhoon class SSBN.svg
6

Fourth generation

Project NATO reporting name Silhouette/Image Built Assignment
955 Борей (Borei); Borei
Borey class SSBN.svg
5

Auxiliary submarines

Project NATO reporting name Silhouette/Image Built Assignment
1910 Кашалот (Kashalot, cachalot) Uniform
Uniform pr1910 color.svg
1
977.4 Аксон (Akson) Yankee Pod
Yankee Pod class SSN.svg
1
978 Yankee Stretch
Yankee-Stretch class SSN.svg
1
09780 Аксон-2 (Akson-2) Yankee Big Nose
Yankee Big Nose class SSN.svg
1
20120 Сарган (Sargan or Sarov) Sarov
Sarov class SS.svg
1

Footnotes

  • Showell, Jak M. U-Boat Century, German Submarine Warfare 1906-2006. Chatham Publishing, Great Britain (2006). ISBN 1861-7624-10.
  1. ^ Showell, p. 22, 23, 29

External links

See also

This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 11:26
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