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List of Royal Air Force units & establishments

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

There have been many Units with various tasks in the Royal Air Force and they are listed here. A unit is an administrative body, which can be larger or smaller than a Flight or Squadron, is given a specific mission, but does not warrant the status of being formed as a formal Flight or Squadron.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • G-Force, Jerk, and Passing Out In A Centrifuge
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Transcription

- This is the Royal Air Force training centrifuge at Farnborough. And the team here are going to push me as far as they're allowed to push a civilian. - The centrifuge has been here since 1955. The device was originally installed for research purposes, although these days it's used for training as much as it is for research. What it does is recreate the forces that you feel in an aircraft. For our routine pilot training, the first time pilots go on the centrifuge, we expect them to get up to 5g without a g-suit, and then up to 7g with an anti-g-suit. - Now I'm not taking a significant risk here. I'm healthy, I've pulled a few gs before. And the human body can take this. And the reason we know that is because in the 1950s, the US Air Force used rocket sleds to push volunteers to incredible speeds. But that rocket-powered acceleration wasn't the dangerous, or even the really high-g part of the test. See, high-g acceleration takes a lot of incredibly expensive rockets or a big ol' centrifuge like this. But high-g deceleration? All you need for that is a wall. Or for something less destructive, like the rocket sleds, you use scoops dropped down into a water trough. USAF flight surgeon John Stapp, aboard the rocket sled Sonic Wind Number One, holds the record for the highest sustained g-force anyone has ever voluntarily endured, 25g for 1.1 seconds, with a brief peak over 46g. And he was badly injured, but he survived and he recovered and he lived to the age of 89. The human body is an incredible thing particularly because we didn't evolve for this. - G-tolerance is something that's innate in all of us. Some of us have high G-tolerance. Some of us have low G-tolerance. Over the years, people's g-tolerance doesn't really adapt. Any shortfall in g-tolerance has really got to be made up by physical exertion and the g-straining manoeuvre. - What this centrifuge doesn't have is much jerk. And jerk is a technical term. In the same way that acceleration is the rate of change of speed, jerk is the rate of change of acceleration. And because it takes time to spin up and spin down... Oh, here we go! Even though the acceleration is high, the jerk here is relatively low, about 1g per second. Jerk is the difference between a rocket to space which might take a couple of minutes to reach peak acceleration and a fighter jet, where manoeuvres might change the G force acting on you in a fraction of a second. And it can go further than that. You can measure the rate of change of jerk which is called snap or jounce. The two derivatives after that are called crackle and pop but they're not all that useful in the real world. - As we increase the G that Tom is exposed to, the blood's going to be pushed down into his feet, and he's going to have to work really hard to push that blood back up to feed oxygen to his brain to keep him conscious. And in real life, we would be expecting that person to be flying an aircraft whilst doing that. - I'm getting a little bit of grey-out. I can't quite see. Agh. - We teach the anti-g straining manoeuvre which composes of two separate parts. First of all, muscle tensing, so both the buttocks and legs squeezing the blood vessels to try and get the blood back up into the chest and the head. But also the second part is a breathing manoeuvre which increases the strain in the chest directly increasing the blood pressure to the great vessels in the chest and keeping him conscious. And when you lose blood pressure to your head, you could even lose consciousness. And we term that g-induced loss of consciousness or G-LOC. [gasping] - Blimey! I lost everything there. Wow. - G-LOC in itself is not dangerous. But the real point is when you G-LOC you're flying an aircraft. So if you're not able to fly that aircraft, I'm sure you can appreciate that that is a real problem. - Because of John Stapp and all the volunteers like him that rode the rocket sleds, there is a lot of research into acceleration on the human body. How many gs can be withstood for minutes at a time? How many gs can be withstood for brief moments? And how many can be withstood with training that I clearly don't have. Rocket scientists and roller coaster designers use that data. But there's not much research into jerk because how do you test it without also testing acceleration? Over on the Starrship channel, I am not passing out pulling gs with the Blades aerobatic team(!) And as for this video, thank you so much to all the team at the RAF Centre of Aviation Medicine, to the team at Qinetiq, and to the team at Starrship.

Contents

Aircraft training units

Refresher Flying Units

  • 1 (Pilots) & 2 (Pilots)
  • 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 & 9.

Advanced Flying Units

Observers
  • 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9 & 10.

Pilots

  • 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 11, 12, 14, 15, 17, 18, 19, 20 & 21.

Anti-aircraft units

Beach units

Memorial to 1, 2 and 4 Beach Sqns RAF at Arromanches, Normandy
Memorial to 1, 2 and 4 Beach Sqns RAF at Arromanches, Normandy
  • No. 1 Beach Unit
  • No. 2 Beach Unit
  • No. 3 Beach Unit
  • No. 4 Beach Unit
  • No. 5 Beach Unit
  • No. 6 Beach Unit
  • No. 7 Beach Unit
  • No. 68 Beach Unit
  • No. 69 Beach Unit
  • No. 70 Beach Unit
  • No. 71 Beach Unit
  • No. 76 Beach Unit
  • No. 77 Beach Unit

Command level units

Ferry units

Maintenance Units

Signals Units

  • 1, 2, 6, 7, 9, 11, 12, 26, 33, 50, 54, 59, 71, 81, 90 & 91.
  • 101, 112, 117, 123, 144 & 146.
  • 235, 244, 264, 271, 276 & 280.
  • 303, 336, 367, 388 & 399.
  • 405, 409, 425, 432, 444, 469 & 487.
  • 500, 585 & 591.
  • 615 & 646.
  • 719, 721, 724 & 751.
  • 815, 840 & 889.
  • 926, 962, 966 & 993.
  • 1001.

Operational Training Units (OTU)

OTUs were created during World War II to take the pressure off Operational squadrons, which previously would have had training Flights. Post war they became OCUs

Coastal

Normal

  • 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 34, 36, 41, 42, 43, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85 & 86.

Other

  • 70 (Middle East)
  • 80 (French)
  • 101 (Glider)
  • 102 (Glider)
  • 104 (Transport)
  • 105 (Transport)
  • 107 (Transport)
  • 108 (Transport)
  • 109 (Transport)
  • 151 (Fighter)
  • 152 (Fighter)
  • No. 1 Operational Training Unit, India

Conversion Units

The RAF have now granted all OCUs Reserve squadron status.[1]

Operational Conversion Units (OCU)
  • All-Weather Operational Conversion Unit RAF
  • Jaguar Operational Conversion Unit RAF

Numbered Operational Conversion Units (OCU)

Numbered Conversion Units
Other Conversion Units

Aircraft units

Other Units

  • 'Q' Unit
  • 'Z' Unit, British Somaliland
  • No. 1 (Middle East) Pilots and Aircrew Pool
  • No. 1 Aeronautical Information Documents Unit
  • No. 1 Air-Sea Rescue Unit (North Africa)
  • No. 1 Auxiliary Embarkation Unit
  • No. 1 British Airways Repair Unit (Middle East)
  • No. 1 British Airways Repair Unit
  • No. 1 Camouflage Unit
  • No. 1 Civilian Fighter Control Co-operation Unit
  • No. 1 Coast Artillery Co-operation Unit
  • No. 1 Delivery Unit
  • No. 1 Engine Consumption Unit
  • No. 1 Engine Control Demonstration Unit
  • No. 1 Fighter Support Training Unit
  • No. 1 General Reconnaissance Unit
  • No. 1 Grading Unit (Airwork)
  • No. 1 Group Pool
  • No. 1 Heavy Glider Servicing Unit
  • No. 1 Photographic Reconnaissance Unit RAF
  • No. 1 Practice Flying Unit
  • No. 1 Pupil Pilots Pool
  • No. 1 Royal Air Force Film Production Unit
  • No. 1 Tactical Exercise Unit
  • No. 1 Tactical Weapons Unit
  • No. 1 Torpedo Training Unit
  • No. 11 (Landplane) Aircraft Preparation and Modification Unit
  • No. 11 (Landplane) Preparation and Modification Unit
  • No. 11 Group Pool
  • No. 12 (Flying Boat) Aircraft Preparation and Modification Unit
  • No. 12 (Flying Boat) Preparation and Modification Unit
  • No. 12 Group Pool
  • No. 2 (Middle East) Pilots and Aircrew Pool
  • No. 2 Aircraft Delivery Unit
  • No. 2 Auxiliary Embarkation Unit
  • No. 2 British Airways Repair Unit (Middle East)
  • No. 2 Camouflage Unit
  • No. 2 Civilian Fighter Control Co-operation Unit
  • No. 2 General Reconnaissance Unit
  • No. 2 Grading Unit (Airwork)
  • No. 2 Group Pool
  • No. 2 Group Support Unit
  • No. 2 Photographic Reconnaissance Unit RAF
  • No. 2 Pupil Pilots Pool
  • No. 2 Tactical Exercise Unit
  • No. 2 Tactical Weapons Unit
  • No. 2 Torpedo Training Unit
  • No. 201 Crew Training Unit
  • No. 202 Crew Training Unit
  • No. 203 Crew Training Unit
  • No. 204 Crew Training Unit
  • No. 3 Aircraft Delivery Unit
  • No. 3 Auxiliary Embarkation Unit
  • No. 3 Civilian Fighter Control Co-operation Unit
  • No. 3 Fighter Support Training Unit
  • No. 3 General Reconnaissance Unit
  • No. 3 Group Pool
  • No. 3 Photographic Reconnaissance Unit RAF (India)
  • No. 3 Photographic Reconnaissance Unit RAF
  • No. 3 Pupil Pilots Pool
  • No. 3 Tactical Exercise Unit
  • No. 4 Aircraft Delivery Unit
  • No. 4 Group Pool
  • No. 4 Photographic Reconnaissance Unit RAF
  • No. 4 Tactical Exercise Unit
  • No. 5 Group Pool
  • No. 5 Photographic Reconnaissance Unit RAF
  • No. 5131 (BD) Squadron RAF
  • No. 81 Auxiliary Embarkation Unit
  • No. 82 Auxiliary Embarkation Unit
  • No. 83 Embarkation Unit
  • No. 83 Group Support Unit
  • No. 84 Group Support Unit
  • No. 88 Group Support Unit
  • 2nd Tactical Air Force Air Sea Rescue Unit
  • 2nd Tactical Air Force Development Unit
  • 2nd Tactical Air Force Support Unit
  • Advanced Flying Training Unit
  • Advanced Flying Unit, Sétif
  • Air Combat Development Unit (Middle East)
  • Air Command and Control Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Operational Evaluation Unit
  • Air Defence Co-operation Unit
  • Air Defence Unit, Tanganyika
  • Air Fighting Development Unit
  • Air Fighting Training Unit
  • Air Gunnery Training Unit
  • Air Ministry Servicing Development Unit
  • Air Movements Development Unit
  • Air Photographic Development Unit
  • Air Pilotage Unit
  • Air Transport Development Centre (India)
  • Air Transport Development Unit
  • Air Transport Tactical Development Unit
  • Air-Sea Rescue Training Unit
  • Air-Sea warfare Development Unit (ACSEA)
  • Air-Sea warfare Development Unit
  • Airborne Forces Research Centre (India)
  • Airborne Forces Tactical Development Unit
  • Aircraft Delivery Unit
  • Aircraft Torpedo Development Unit
  • Aircrew Testing and Grading Unit
  • Aircrew Transit Pool
  • Airwork Grading Unit
  • Armament Support Unit
  • Allied Tactical Air Intelligence Unit, Southeast Asia
  • Anti-Aircraft Co-operation Unit
  • Armament and Instrument Experimental Unit
  • Armament Experimental Station
  • Army Co-operation Development Unit
  • Beam Approach Development Unit
  • Blind Approach Training and Development Unit
  • Blind Landing Detachment
  • Blind Landing Experimental Unit
  • Bomb Ballistic and Blind Landing Experimental Unit
  • Bomb Ballistic Unit
  • Bomber Development Unit
  • Bomber Support Development Unit
  • Bombing Development Unit
  • Bombing Trials Unit
  • British Airways Repair Unit (Middle East)
  • British Airways Training Unit
  • Central Interpretation Unit
  • Civil Defence Camouflage Unit
  • Civilian Fighter Control Co-operation Unit
  • Coast Defence Development Unit
  • Electronic Warfare and Avionics Unit
  • Enemy Aircraft Storage and Servicing Unit
  • Engine Consumption Unit
  • Experimental Air Ambulance Service
  • Experimental Co-operation Unit
  • Far East Tactical Development Unit
  • Far East Training Squadron
  • Fast Jet and Weapons Operational Evaluation Unit
  • Fighter Affiliation Training Unit
  • Fighter Armament Trials Unit
  • Fighter Interception Development Unit
  • Fighter Interception Unit
  • Fleet Requirements Unit
  • Floatplane Training Unit
  • Flying Boat Practice Camp
  • GEE (TR1335) Training Unit
  • Glider Exercise Unit
  • Glider Pilot Exercise Unit
  • Glider Training Unit
  • Gransden Lodge Navigation Training Unit
  • Gremlin Task Force - Japanese aircraft and crew transport operations[2]
  • Ground Attack Training Unit
  • Gunnery Research Unit
  • Helicopter Development Unit
  • Instant Readiness Reserve Unit
  • Joint Air Delivery Test and Evaluation Unit
  • Joint Air Transport Evaluation Unit
  • Joint Concealment Centre (Royal Air Force Component)
  • Joint Experimental Helicopter Unit
  • Joint Forward Air Controller Training and Standards Unit
  • Jungle Target Research Unit
  • Long-Range Desert Group[clarification needed]
  • Long-Range Development Unit
  • LORAN Training Unit
  • Majunga Detachment Support Unit
  • Marine Aircraft Experimental Unit
  • Merchant Ship Fighter Unit
  • Middle East Advanced Crew Training Unit
  • Ministry of Defence Hospital Unit
  • Mobile Catering Support Unit
  • Navigation Training Unit
  • Night Fighter Unit, Malta
  • Night Ground Attack Trials Unit
  • Operational and Refresher Training Unit
  • Overseas Experimental Unit
  • Parachute Test Unit
  • Pathfinder Navigation Training Unit
  • Photographic Development Unit
  • Photographic Reconnaissance Development Unit
  • Photographic Reconnaissance Unit
  • Pilot Refresher Training Unit
  • Pilot Training Unit and Reinforcement Pool
  • Pilotless Aircraft Unit
  • Pilots and Aircrew Pool
  • Pilots Reinforcement and Reserve Pool
  • Pool of Pilots, Joyce Green
  • Pool of Pilots, Manston
  • Pupil Pilots Pool
  • Radar Research Flying Unit
  • Radio Engineering Unit
  • Reinforcement and Reserve Pool
  • Research and Development Unit
  • Royal Air Force Aerobatic Team – 'The Red Arrows'
  • Royal Air Force Element, Allied Tactical Air Intelligence Unit, Southeast Asia
  • Royal Air Force Element, Helicopter Development Unit
  • Royal Air Force Film Production Unit
  • Royal Air Force Film Unit
  • Search and Rescue Training Unit
  • Signals Development Unit
  • Signals Flying Unit
  • Special Avionics Servicing Unit
  • Special Duties (Radio) Development Unit
  • Special Installation Unit
  • Staff Pilot Training Unit
  • Strategic Reconnaissance Unit
  • Strike/Attack Operational Evaluation Unit
  • Strike Command Development Unit
  • Survival and Rescue Training Unit
  • Tactical and Weapon Development Unit
  • Tactical Weapons Unit
  • Target Towing Section, Shallufa
  • Telecommunications Flying Unit
  • Torpedo Development Section
  • Torpedo Development Unit
  • Torpedo Training Unit
  • Training Unit and Reserve Pool
  • Transport Support Practice Camp (BAFO)
  • Transport Support Practice Camp
  • Transport Support Training Unit
  • Tropical Experimental Unit
  • Wireless Development Unit
  • Wireless Intelligence Development Unit
  • Wireless Testing Park

Communications

Units

Wings

  • 2nd Tactical Air Force Communication Wing

Armament Practice and Training Units

Unit Previous name Formed at Formed Aircraft Disbanded Disbanded at History
No. 1
Armament
Practice Camp
No. 15 Group
Armament
Practice Camp
RAF Aldergrove 5 November 1941 Westland Lysander II/III/IIIA
Fairey Battle
Miles Master
Miles Martinet
de Havilland Dominie I
1 September 1945 RAF Aldergrove
No. 2
Armament
Practice Camp
No. 16 Group
Armament
Practice Camp
RAF Thorney Island 5 November 1941 Westland Lysander III/IIIA
Miles Martinet
1 September 1945 RAF Bradwell Bay Absorbed by the Armament Practice Station, Spilsby.
No. 3
Armament
Practice Camp
No. 18 Group
Armament
Practice Camp
RAF Leuchars 5 November 1941 Westland Lysander II/III/IIIA
Fairey Battle
Miles Martinet
1 September 1945 RAF Leuchars
No. 4
Armament
Practice Camp
No. 19 Group
Armament
Practice Camp
RAF Carew Cheriton 5 November 1941 Westland Lysander IIIA
Fairey Battle
Miles Master II
Miles Martinet I
1 September 1945 RAF Talbenny

To hone aircrew weapons skills armament practice camps and stations have been used and these are listed here.

Training Wings

Establishments

Foreign Air Arms

See also

References

Citations

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 February 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "Flight 6 December 1945 p612". flightglobal.com. Archived from the original on 30 April 2018. Retrieved 30 April 2018. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 December 2010. Retrieved 12 December 2010. 

Bibliography

  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth 1918-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, C.G. RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1988 (second edition 2001). ISBN 1-85310-053-6.
  • Lake, Alan. "Flying Units of the RAF".Airlife Publishing. Shrewsbury. 1999. ISBN 1-84037-086-6

External links

This page was last edited on 13 September 2018, at 06:04
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