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List of Puerto Ricans

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

List of Notable Puerto Ricans
and people of Puerto Rican descent

LocationPuertoRico.png
Location of the island of Puerto Rico (green)

This is a list of notable people from Puerto Rico which includes people who were born in Puerto Rico (Borinquen) and people who are of full or partial Puerto Rican descent. The Government of Puerto Rico has been issuing "Certificates of Puerto Rican Citizenship" to anyone born in Puerto Rico or to anyone born outside of Puerto Rico with at least one parent who was born in Puerto Rico since 2007.[1][2] Also included in the list are some long-term continental American and other residents and/or immigrants of other ethnic heritages who have made Puerto Rico their home and consider themselves to be Puerto Ricans.

The list is divided into categories and, in some cases, sub-categories, which best describe the field for which the subject is most noted. Some categories such as "Actors, actresses, comedians and directors" are relative since a subject who is a comedian may also be an actor or director. In some cases a subject may be notable in more than one field, such as Luis A. Ferré, who is notable both as a former governor and as an industrialist. However, the custom is to place the subject's name under the category for which he/she is most noted.

As of 2019, this list will be carefully maintained, and adding or deleting a name without first discussing the change on the article's talk page is likely to be reverted. This list should contain the names of persons who meet the pre-established Notability criteria, even if the person does not have an article yet. Additions to the list must be listed in the section which best describes the field for which the person is most notable and in alphabetical order by surname. Each addition to the list must also provide a reliable verifiable source which cites the person's notability and/or the person's link to Puerto Rico, otherwise the name will be removed.

Actors, actresses, comedians and directors


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Adult film entertainers

Hosts/presenters

Architects

Andrés Mignucci, architect

Authors, playwrights and poets

José Rivera, playwright
José Rivera, playwright

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D

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  • Judith Ortiz Cofer, poet, writer and essayist; in 1994, became the first Hispanic to win the O. Henry Prize for her story "The Latin Deli"; in 1996, she and illustrator Susan Guevara became the first recipients of the Pura Belpre Award for Hispanic children's literature[50][112]
  • Micol Ostow, author of Mind Your Manners, Dick and Jane and Emily Goldberg Learns to Salsa[113]

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U

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X

Z

Beauty queens and fashion models

Business people and industrialists

José Ramon Fernández, "Marqués de La Esperanza"
José Ramon Fernández, "Marqués de La Esperanza"
Juan Serrallés, industrialist, founder of Destilería Serralles, makers of Don Q rum
Juan Serrallés, industrialist, founder of Destilería Serralles, makers of Don Q rum
Eduardo Georgetti, wealthy sugar baron
Eduardo Georgetti, wealthy sugar baron

Cartoonists

Civil rights and/or political activists

Helen Rodriguez-Trias, women's rights activist and recipient of the Presidential Citizen's Medal
Helen Rodriguez-Trias, women's rights activist and recipient of the Presidential Citizen's Medal
  • Mariana Bracetti a.k.a. "Brazo de Oro" ("Golden Arm"), political activist; leader of the Lares's Revolutionary Council during the Grito de Lares; knit the first flag of the future Republic of Puerto Rico
  • Mathias Brugman, political activist; leader of the Grito de Lares; founded the first revolutionary committee in the City of Mayagüez; his revolutionary cell was code named "Capa Prieta" (Black Cape)
  • María Cadilla, women's rights activist; one of the first women in Puerto Rico to earn a doctoral degree
  • Luisa Capetillo, labor activist; one of Puerto Rico's most famous labor organizers; writer and an anarchist who fought for workers and women's rights
  • Alice Cardona, activist and community organizer[181]
  • Tito Kayak, political activist; gained notoriety when a group of Vieques natives and other Puerto Ricans began protesting and squatting on U.S. Navy bombing zones after the 1999 death of Puerto Rican civilian and Vieques native David Sanes, who was killed during a U.S. Navy bombing exercise[182][183][184][185][186][187][188]
  • Sylvia del Villard, Afro-Puerto Rican activist, founder of the Afro-Boricua El Coquí Theater; an outspoken activist who fought for the equal rights of the Black Puerto Rican artist; in 1981, she became the first and only director of the Office of Afro-Puerto Rican Affairs of the Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña (Puerto Rican Institute of Culture) (see also "Actresses")
  • Isabel González, civil rights activist; young Puerto Rican mother who paved the way for Puerto Ricans to be given United States citizenship[189]
  • Lillian López, librarian and labor activist; founder of the New York Public Library South Bronx Project; advocate for library and education services for Spanish-speaking communities[190]
  • Óscar López Rivera, pro-independence activist; the longest incarcerated FALN member[191]
  • José Maldonado Román, a.k.a. "Aguila Blanca" (White Eagle), revolutionary[192]
  • Eliana Martínez, AIDS activist; was in a notable Florida court case regarding the rights of HIV+ children in public schools[193]
  • Felícitas Méndez (née Gómez), activist; with her husband, in 1946, led a community battle which set an important legal precedent for ending de jure segregation in the United States (see Mendez v. Westminster);[194] credited with paving the way for integration and the American civil rights movement[195]
  • María de las Mercedes Barbudo, political activist; often called the first female Puerto Rican "Independentista"[196]
  • Ana María O'Neill, women's rights activist and educator; in 1929, became the first female professor in the field of commerce in the University of Puerto Rico, which she taught until 1951; urged women to participate in every aspect of civic life and to defend their right to vote[197]
  • Manuel Olivieri Sánchez, civil rights activist; court interpreter and a civil rights activist who led the legal battle which granted U.S. citizenship to Puerto Ricans living in Hawaii[198]
  • César A. Perales, civil rights lawyer; founder of the Puerto Rican Legal Defense and Education Fund (now LatinoJustice PRLDEF); won precedent-setting lawsuits combating discrimination; New York Secretary of State[199]
  • Sylvia Rae Rivera, transgender activist; veteran of the 1969 Stonewall riots[200]
  • Anthony Romero, civil rights leader; executive director of the American Civil Liberties Union[201]
  • Helen Rodríguez Trías, physician and women's rights activist; first Latina president of the American Public Health Association; a founding member of the Women's Caucus of the American Public Health Association; recipient of the Presidential Citizen's Medal; credited with helping to expand the range of public health services for women and children in minority and low-income populations in the US, Central and South America, Africa, Asia, and the Middle East[202] (see also "Educators" and "Scientists")
  • Ana Roque, women's rights activist, educator and suffragist; one of the founders of the University of Puerto Rico[203]
  • Arturo Alfonso Schomburg, civil rights and pro-independence activist; pioneer in black history who helped raise awareness of the contributions by Afro-Latin Americans and Afro-Americans to society[204]
  • Pedro Julio Serrano, human rights activist; President of Puerto Rico Para Tod@s, which strives for inclusion of LGBT community and for social justice for all in Puerto Rico; Communication Manager at the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force[205]
  • Marcos Xiorro, house slave; in 1821, planned and conspired to lead a slave revolt against the sugar plantation owners and the Spanish Colonial government in Puerto Rico[206]

Nationalists

Political activists who were members of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party:

  • Elías Beauchamp, political activist and nationalist; in 1936, assassinated Elisha Francis Riggs, the United States-appointed police chief of Puerto Rico; considered a hero by the members of the Puerto Rican Independence Movement[207]
  • Blanca Canales, political activist; nationalist leader who led the Jayuya Uprising in 1950 against US colonial rule of Puerto Rico
  • Rafael Cancel Miranda, political activist; member of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party and advocate of Puerto Rican independence who attacked the United States House of Representatives in 1954
  • Óscar Collazo, political activist; one of two nationalists who attempted to assassinate President Harry S. Truman
  • Rosa Collazo a.k.a. Rosa Cortéz Collazo, political activist and treasurer of the New York City branch of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party[208]
  • Raimundo Díaz Pacheco, political activist; Commander-in-Chief of the Cadets of the Republic (Cadetes de la República, also known as the Ejército Libertador de Puerto Rico, or The Liberation Army of Puerto Rico), a quasi-military organization and official youth organization within the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party[209]
  • Andrés Figueroa Cordero, political activist; member of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party; one of four nationalists who attacked the United States House of Representatives in 1954[210]
  • Irvin Flores Ramírez, political activist; Nationalist leader and activist; one of four nationalists who attacked the United States House of Representatives in 1954[211]
  • Lolita Lebrón, political activist; Nationalist leader and activist; the leader of four nationalists who attacked the United States House of Representatives in 1954[211]
  • Tomás López de Victoria, political activist and Sub-Commander of the Cadets of the Republic; the captain in charge of the cadets who participated in the peaceful march which ended up as the Ponce Massacre, he led the Nationalists in the Arecibo revolt in the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party Revolt of 1950[212]
  • Isolina Rondón, political activist and Treasurer of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party; one of the few witnesses of the October 24, 1935 killing of four Nationalists by local police officers in Puerto Rico during a confrontation with the supporters of the Nationalist Party, known as the Río Piedras massacre[213]
  • Hiram Rosado, political activist and nationalist; in 1936 participated in the assassination of Elisha Francis Riggs, the United States-appointed police chief of Puerto Rico; he and his comrade Elías Beauchamp are considered heroes by the members of the Puerto Rican Independence Movement[207]
  • Isabel Rosado, political activist; imprisoned multiple times[214]
  • Vidal Santiago Díaz, political activist; barber of Pedro Albizu Campos and uncle of the novelist Esmeralda Santiago; made Puerto Rican media history when numerous police officers and National Guardsmen attacked him at his barbershop during the 1950 Nationalist Revolt; this was the first time in Puerto Rican history that such an attack was transmitted via radio to the public[215]
  • Griselio Torresola, political activist; Nationalist who died in an attempt to assassinate President Harry S. Truman in 1950
  • Carlos Vélez Rieckehoff, political activist, former President of the New York chapter of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party in the 1930s; in the 1990s was among the pro-independence activists who protested against the United States Navy's use of his birthplace, Vieques, as a bombing range[216]
  • Olga Viscal Garriga, political activist, member of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party; in the late 1940s became a student leader at the University of Puerto Rico and spokesperson of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party's branch in Río Piedras[217]

Clergy, religion

Painting of Santa Rosa de Lima
Painting of Santa Rosa de Lima
Painting of Alejo de Arizmendi
Painting of Alejo de Arizmendi

Pre-20th century

20th century

21st century

Composers, singers, musicians and opera

José Feliciano, singer and composer of "Feliz Navidad"
José Feliciano, singer and composer of "Feliz Navidad"
Jim Jones, rapper
Jim Jones, rapper
Carli Muñoz, pianist
Bruno Mars
Bruno Mars
Rubén Colón Tarrats, orchestra conductor
Rubén Colón Tarrats, orchestra conductor

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Opera

Antonio Paolí
Antonio Paolí

Criminals and outlaws

Antonio Correa Cotto
Antonio Correa Cotto

Pre-20th century

  • Roberto Cofresí, a.k.a. '"El Pirata Cofresí"' (Cofresí the Pirate), his exploits as a pirate are part of Puerto Rico's folklore

20th century

21st century

Diplomats

Hans Hertell
Hans Hertell

20th century

21st century

Educators

Rafael Cordero
Rafael Cordero
Eugenio María de Hostos
Eugenio María de Hostos
Angel M. Ramos
Angel M. Ramos
Drawing of Angelo Falcón
Drawing of Angelo Falcón

Governors of Puerto Rico

Juan Ponce de León II
Juan Ponce de León II

Pre-20th century

20th century

21st century

First Ladies of Puerto Rico

Historians

Salvador Brau
Salvador Brau
Antonio Santiago Rodríguez
Antonio Santiago Rodríguez

Journalists

Geraldo Rivera
Geraldo Rivera

Judges, law enforcement and firefighters

Judges

Sonia Sotomayor, Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court
Sonia Sotomayor, Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court

Laws in the U.S. inspired by Puerto Ricans

  • Briana's Law - Briana Ojeda was an 11-year-old girl who died in the summer of 2010 when a police officer did not perform CPR on her after she suffered from an asthma attack. Briana's Law, which requires that every police officer and member of the State Police, including police officer trainees and state police cadets, receive CPR training prior to employment as well as during employment every two years, was named in her honor.[357]
  • Gonzales v. Williams - Isabel González was a Puerto Rican activist who helped pave the way for Puerto Ricans to be given United States citizenship. González challenged the Government of the United States in the groundbreaking case Gonzales v. Williams (192 U.S. 1 (1904)). Her Supreme Court case is the first time that the Court confronted the citizenship status of inhabitants of territories acquired by the United States. González actively pursued the cause of U.S. citizenship for all Puerto Ricans by writing letters published in The New York Times.[358]
  • Mendez v. Westminster - Felicitas Gomez Mendez was a pioneer of the American civil rights movement. In 1946, Mendez and her husband led an educational civil rights battle that changed California and set an important legal precedent for ending de jure segregation in the United States. Their landmark desegregation case, known as Mendez v. Westminster, paved the way for meaningful integration, public school reform, and the American civil rights movement.[359][195]

Law enforcement

Nick Estavillo
Nick Estavillo

Firefighters

Military

Brigadier General Marta Carcana
Brigadier General Marta Carcana
Brigadier General Irene M. Zoppi
Brigadier General Irene M. Zoppi

16th century

17th century

  • Juan de Amézqueta, Captain, Puerto Rican Militia; defeated Captain Balduino Enrico (Boudewijn Hendricksz), who in 1625 was ordered by the Dutch to capture Puerto Rico[370]

18th century

  • Rafael Conti, Colonel, Spanish Army; in 1790, captured 11 enemy ships involved in smuggling stolen goods. In 1797, he helped defeat Sir Ralph Abercromby and defend Puerto Rico from a British invasion in his hometown, Aguadilla. In 1809, he organized a military expedition fight with the aim of returning Hispaniola, which now comprise the nations of the Dominican Republic and Haiti, back to Spanish rule.[371]
  • Antonio de los Reyes Correa, Captain, Spanish Army; Puerto Rican hero who defended the town Arecibo in 1702 from an invasion by defeating the British; was awarded La Medalla de Oro de la Real Efigie (The Gold Medal of the Royal Image), by King Philip V of Spain and given the title "Captain of Infantry"[372]
  • José and Francisco Díaz, Sergeants, Puerto Rican militia; cousins in the Toa Baja Militia who helped defeat Sir Ralph Abercromby and defend Puerto Rico from a British invasion in 1797[373]
  • Miguel Henríquez, Captain, Spanish Navy; in 1713, defeated the British in Vieques and was awarded the La Medalla de Oro de la Real Efigie (The Gold Medal of the Royal Effigy)[374]

19th century

20th century

21st century

Physicians, scientists and inventors

Agustin Stahl
Agustin Stahl
Fermín Tangüis
Fermín Tangüis
Joseph Acaba
Joseph Acaba
Antonia Novello – Surgeon General of the United States
Antonia Novello – Surgeon General of the United States
Joxel García – Assistant Secretary of Health for President George W. Bush
Joxel García – Assistant Secretary of Health for President George W. Bush
Olga D. González-Sanabria – member of the Ohio Women's Hall of Fame
Olga D. González-Sanabria – member of the Ohio Women's Hall of Fame

Politicians

José de Diego - the "father of the Puerto Rican Independence Movement"
José de Diego - the "father of the Puerto Rican Independence Movement"
Federico Degetau – writer, author, and resident commissioner
Federico Degetau – writer, author, and resident commissioner
Pedro Albizu Campos – President and principal leader of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party
Pedro Albizu Campos – President and principal leader of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party
Nydia Velázquez – Congresswoman from New York City
Nydia Velázquez – Congresswoman from New York City
Luis Gutiérrez – Congressman from Chicago
Luis Gutiérrez – Congressman from Chicago
Kenneth McClintock – Secretary of State of Puerto Rico
Kenneth McClintock – Secretary of State of Puerto Rico
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, representing parts of The Bronx and Queens, is the youngest woman ever to be elected to Congress in November 2018.
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, representing parts of The Bronx and Queens, is the youngest woman ever to be elected to Congress in November 2018.

19th century

20th century

21st century

Sports

Orlando Cepeda – MLB first baseman, second Puerto Rican in Baseball Hall of Fame
Orlando Cepeda – MLB first baseman, second Puerto Rican in Baseball Hall of Fame
José Juan Barea – professional basketball player with the Dallas Mavericks
José Juan Barea – professional basketball player with the Dallas Mavericks
Edgar Martínez – MLB player with the Seattle Mariners
Edgar Martínez – MLB player with the Seattle Mariners
Alfredo L. Escalera – Kansas City Royals outfielder; youngest player ever drafted
Alfredo L. EscaleraKansas City Royals outfielder; youngest player ever drafted
Monica Puig – Olympic gold medalist
Monica Puig – Olympic gold medalist
Juan Evangelista Venegas – Olympic medalist
Juan Evangelista Venegas – Olympic medalist

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F

  • Gigi Fernández, tennis player, in 1992 became the first female athlete from her native Puerto Rico win an Olympic gold medal; first female athlete from Puerto Rico to turn professional;[609] first Puerto Rican woman inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame[610]
  • Lisa Fernandez, softball player, Olympic gold medalist (Puerto Rican mother)
  • Orlando Fernández a.k.a. "the Puerto Rican Aquaman"; swimmer; first Puerto Rican to swim across the Strait of Gibraltar[611]
  • Ed Figueroa, baseball pitcher, first Puerto Rican to win 20 games in Major League
  • Enrique Figueroa, sailing

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H

J

  • Reggie Jackson, baseball player, member of Baseball Hall of Fame (Puerto Rican father)

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L

M

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O

  • Luis Olmo, first Puerto Rican to hit a home run in the World Series
  • Fres Oquendo, professional boxer
  • John Orozco, Olympic gymnast
  • Carlos Ortiz, boxer, former, junior welterweight and lightweight champion; member of the International Boxing Hall of Fame
  • José Ortiz, former basketball player, PDP candidate for elective office in 2008
  • Luis Ortiz, boxer, first Puerto Rican to win a silver Olympic medal

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Q

  • Carlos Quintana, professional boxer, former World Boxing Organization's welterweight champion

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S

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V

W

Taínos

Agüeybaná II (The Brave)
Agüeybaná II (The Brave)

Visual artists

José Campeche
José Campeche
Francisco Oller
Francisco Oller

Miscellaneous

Gallery

See also

References

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  2. ^ "Departamento de Estado expedira certificados de ciudadania puertorriqueña | terra". www.terra.com.pr. Archived from the original on June 25, 2007.
  3. ^ "Miguel Arteta - Wesleyan University". Wesleyan.edu. Retrieved October 21, 2016.
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  20. ^ Arreola, Cristina. "Entertainment News". Latina. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
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  22. ^ "He's Still Here: The Biography of Joaquin Phoenix". Google Books. Retrieved June 17, 2017.
  23. ^ "America Reads Spanish". americareadsspanish.org.
  24. ^ Is 'Glee' Star Naya Rivera Singing Love Songs to Costar Mark Salling? Archived March 23, 2010, at the Wayback Machine from Latina, March 19, 2010.
  25. ^ Balfour, Brad (2008). "Zoe Saldaña finds creative shelter in making Haven". PopEntertainment. Archived from the original on July 10, 2009. Retrieved July 7, 2009.
  26. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 22, 2015. Retrieved January 7, 2009.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  27. ^ "Puerto Rican cinema in New York by Lillian Jiménez". www.ejumpcut.org.
  28. ^ Smith, Patricia Juliana (2002). "Troche, Rose". glbtq.com. Archived from the original on August 14, 2007. Retrieved August 19, 2007.
  29. ^ La Fountain-Stokes, Lawrence. Queer Ricans: Cultures and Sexualities in the Diaspora. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2009. ISBN 0816640920
  30. ^ "Latino Image Makers in Hollywood: Performers, Filmmakers and Films Since the 1960s"; by Frank Javier Garcia Berumen; Page 275; Publisher: McFarland; ASIN: B00N21C9IU
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  35. ^ Rivera Marrero, Mildred (December 10, 2017). "Distinguen el Paseo Puerta de Tierra". El Nuevo Día. El Nuevo Dia. Retrieved February 14, 2018. Arquitecto Segundo Cardona destaca la importancia de la obra y la necesidad de que gobierno y ciudadanos la cuiden
  36. ^ O'Connell, Sandra. "Winners of the 2017 Edition of the "UIA Friendly and Inclusive Spaces Awards"". UIA Architectes. Archived from the original on February 15, 2018. Retrieved February 14, 2018.
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  39. ^ see Enrique Vivoni "Klumb: An Architecture of Social Concern, 2006.
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