To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

List of prime ministers of France

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article is part of a series on the
Politics of
France
Arms of the French Republic.svg

European Union EU Member State


France portal
Flag of France.svg
France portal

The head of the Government of France has, since 1958, been called the Prime Minister of France.

During earlier periods of French history the French head of government was known by different titles. As was common in European democracies of the period, between 1815 and 1958 (the Bourbon and July monarchies, the Second, Third and Fourth Republics, and the Vichy regime), the Head of Government was called President of the Council of Ministers (Président du Conseil des Ministres), generally shortened to President of the Council (Président du Conseil). This should not be confused with the office of the President of the Republic and other heads of state: the term 'president' was used for multiple senior political offices.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    Views:
    267 782
    5 960
    51 684
    12 070
    7 256
  • ✪ List of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom
  • ✪ List of Prime Ministers of the Italy
  • ✪ Prime Ministers of India - Update your General Knowledge
  • ✪ INDIAN Governor Generals, Viceroys, Presidents & Prime Ministers
  • ✪ Updated New presidents and PM appointments 2019 MODI VISIT current affairs 2019

Transcription

Contents

Kingdom of France (843–1792)

Under the Kingdom of France, there was no official title for the leader of the government. The chief ministers (principal ministres) of certain kings of France nonetheless led the government de facto.

Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Took office Left office King
(Reign)
Clouet-montmorencyanne.jpg
Anne de Montmorency
(1493–1567)
1 January 1515 1541 Francis I
François Ier Louvre.jpg

(1515–1547)
Brune - Claude d'Annebaut (1495-1552) - MV 973.jpg
Claude d'Annebault
(1495–1552)
1541 31 March 1547
Clouet-montmorencyanne.jpg
Anne de Montmorency
(1493–1567)
1 April 1547 10 August 1557 Henry II
Henry II of France..jpg

(1547–1559)
Position vacant
(absolute rule by Henry II)
11 August 1557 10 July 1559
Francois de Lorraine.JPG
Francis, Duke of Guise
(1519–1563)
10 July 1559 5 December 1560 Francis II
FrancoisII.jpg

(1559–1560)
Michel-Hospital.jpg
Michel de l'Hôpital
(1507–1573)
5 December 1560 13 March 1573
(Died in office)
Charles IX
CharlesIX.jpg

(1560–1574)
René de Birague.jpg
Cardinal René de Birague
(1506–1583)
30 May 1574 24 November 1583
(Died in office)
Henry III
Anjou 1570louvre.jpg

(1574–1589)
Philippe Hurault Chancelier de France.jpg
Philippe Hurault de Cheverny
(1528–1599)
24 November 1583 12 May 1588
Position vacant
(absolute rule by Henry III)
12 May 1588 2 August 1589
Maximilien-de-Sully.jpg
Maximilien de Béthune, Duke of Sully
(1560–1641)
2 August 1589 29 January 1611 Henry IV
Musée national du Château de Pau - Portait d'Henri IV en Mars - Ambroise Dubois P 81 20 1.jpg

(1589–1610)
De Neufville2.jpg
Nicolas de Neufville, seigneur de Villeroy
(1543–1617)
30 January 1611 9 August 1616 Louis XIII
Louis XIII (de Champaigne).jpg

(1610–1643)
Concino-Concini.jpg
Concino Concini
(1575–1617)
9 August 1616 24 April 1617
(Died in office)
Duque-de-Luynes.JPG
Charles d'Albert, duc de Luynes
(1578–1621)
24 April 1617 15 December 1621
(Died in office)
Position vacant
(absolute rule by Louis XIII)
15 December 1621 12 August 1624
Cardinal de Richelieu mg 0052.jpg
Cardinal Armand Jean du Plessis, Duke of Richelieu and of Fronsac
(1585–1642)
12 August 1624 4 December 1642
(Died in office)
Cardinal Mazarin by Pierre Mignard (Musée Condé).jpg
Cardinal Jules Raymond Mazarin
(1602–1661)
5 December 1642 9 March 1661
(Died in office)
Louis XIV
LouisXIVRigaud.JPG

(1643–1715)
Colbert domaine de chantilly PE343.jpg
Jean-Baptiste Colbert
(1619–1683)
9 March 1661 6 September 1683
Louvois1.jpg
François-Michel le Tellier, Marquis de Louvois
(1641–1691)
7 September 1683 16 July 1691
Position vacant
(absolute rule by Louis XIV)
17 July 1691 1 September 1715
Hyacinthe Rigaud Dubois detail.jpg
Cardinal Guillaume Dubois
(1656–1723)
12 September 1715 10 August 1723
(Died in office)
Louis XV
Louis XV by Maurice-Quentin de La Tour.jpg

(1715–1774)
Philippe d'Orléans, Regent et la comtesse de Parabère (Marie Madeleine de La Vieuville) par Santerre.jpg
Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
(1674–1723)
10 August 1723 2 December 1723
(Died in office)
Gobert, attributed to -Louis Henri of Bourbon, Prince of Condé - Versailles, MV3727.jpg
Louis Henri, Duke of Bourbon
(1692–1740)
2 December 1723 11 June 1726
Cardinal de Fleury by Rigaud.jpg
Cardinal André-Hercule de Fleury
(1653–1743)
11 June 1726 29 January 1743
(Died in office)
Position vacant
(absolute rule by Louis XV)
29 January 1743 3 December 1758
Choiseul, Etienne François duc de.jpg
Étienne François de Choiseul, Duke of Choiseul
(1719–1785)
3 December 1758 24 December 1770
René-Augustin de Maupeou.PNG
René Nicolas Charles Augustin de Maupeou
(1714–1792)
25 December 1770 23 August 1774
Graincourt, attributed to - Turgot - Versailles MV 3923.jpg
Jacques Turgot
(1727–1781)
24 August 1774 12 May 1776 Louis XVI
Louis XVI of France.jpg

(1774–1792)
Jean Frederic Phelypeaux Count of Maurepas.PNG
Jean-Frédéric Phélypeaux, comte de Maurepas
(1701–1781)
14 May 1776 21 November 1781
(Died in office)
Charles Gravier, Comte de Vergennes.jpg
Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes
(1717–1787)
21 November 1781 13 February 1787
(Died in office)
Étienne Charles de Loménie de Brienne - Versailles MV 3001.png
Archbishop Étienne Charles de Loménie de Brienne
(1727–1794)
1 May 1787 25 August 1788
Necker, Jacques - Duplessis.jpg
Jacques Necker
(1732–1804)
25 August 1788 11 July 1789
Baron de Breteuil.jpg
Louis Auguste Le Tonnelier de Breteuil
(1730–1807)
11 July 1789 16 July 1789
Necker, Jacques - Duplessis.jpg
Jacques Necker
(1732–1804)
16 July 1789 3 September 1790
Armand-Marc Comte de MONTMORIN-SAINT-HEREM.jpg
Armand Marc, comte de Montmorin
(1745–1792)
3 September 1790 3 September 1791
Constitutional cabinet
(supervisioned by Legislative Assembly)
3 September 1791 21 September 1792

First French Republic (1792–1804)

During the First Republic, the arrangements for governance changed frequently:

There was no individual head of government.

First French Empire (1804–1814)

As Emperor, Napoleon was both head of state and head of government.

Portrait Name Term of office Political party Emperor
(Reign)
Napoleon Paul Delaroche.jpg
Position vacant
(absolute rule by Napoleon I)
1 18 May 1804 1 April 1814 Bonapartist Napoleon I
Napoleon Paul Delaroche.jpg

(1804–1814)

First Restoration (1814–1815)

Portrait Name Term of office Political party King
(Reign)
Talleyrand 01.jpg
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord
(1754–1838)
(as President of the Council)
1 1 April 1814 2 May 1814 Independent Louis XVIII
Louis XVIII of France.png

(1814–1815)
BLACAS.JPG
Pierre-Louis,
Count of Blacas

(1754–1838)
2 2 May 1814 8 July 1815

Hundred Days (1815)

As Emperor, Napoleon was both head of state and head of government. Upon Napoleon's abdication, his son Napoleon II was named Emperor. This rule was nominal, and Napoleon II remained in Austria throughout his nominal reign.

Portrait Name Term of office Political party Emperor
(Reign)
Napoleon Paul Delaroche.jpg
Position vacant
(absolute rule by Napoleon I)
2 20 March 1815 22 June 1815 Bonapartist Napoleon I
Napoleon Paul Delaroche.jpg

(1815)
Joseph Fouché.png
Joseph Fouché
(1759–1820)
(as President of the Executive Commission)
22 June 1815 7 July 1815 Bonapartist Napoleon II
80 Napoleon II.jpg

(1815)

Bourbon Restoration (1815–1830)

Presidents of the Council of Ministers

Political parties

  Independent
  Ultra-royalists
  Doctrinaires

Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office Political party Legislature
(Election)
King
(Reign)
Talleyrand 01.jpg
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord
(1754–1838)
9 July 1815 26 September 1815 Independent I (1815) Louis XVIII
Louis XVIII of France.png

(1815–1824)
Armand Emmanuel Duke of Richelieu.jpg
Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu
(1766–1822)
1 26 September 1815 29 December 1818 Independent
AduC 218 Dessoles (J.J.P.A., marquis, 1767-1828).jpg
Jean-Joseph, Marquis Dessolles
(1767–1828)
29 December 1818 19 November 1819 Doctrinaires II (1816)
Élie, comte Decazes.jpg
Élie Decazes, duc de Glücksbierg and Decazes
(1780–1860)
19 November 1819 20 February 1820 Doctrinaires
Armand Emmanuel Duke of Richelieu.jpg
Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu
(1766–1822)
2 20 February 1820 14 December 1821 Doctrinaires III (1820)
Villèle.jpg
Jean-Baptiste de Villèle
(1773–1854)
14 December 1821 4 January 1828 Ultra-royalist
IV (1824) Charles X
Franque - Charles X, roi des Français.jpg

(1824–1830)
Jean Baptiste Gay, vicomte de Martignac.jpg
Jean Baptiste Gay, vicomte de Martignac
(1778–1832)
4 January 1828 8 August 1829 Doctrinaires V (1827)
Jules Armand de Polignac 1780–1847.JPG
Jules de Polignac, duc de Polignac
(1780–1847)
8 August 1829 29 July 1830 Ultra-royalist
Casimir-de-rochechouart.jpg
Casimir de Rochechouart, duc de Mortemart
(1787–1875)
29 July 1830 Ultra-royalist

July Monarchy (1830–1848)

Presidents of the Council of Ministers

Political parties

  Independent
  Orléanist
  Doctrinaires/Movement Party
  Resistance Party

Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office Political party Legislature
(Election)
King
(Reign)
Position vacant
(government led by
Louis Philippe I)
0 1 August 1830 2 November 1830 (Orléanist) I (1830) Louis Philippe I
Lodewijk Filips als kniestuk.jpg

(1830–1848)
1
Jacques Laffitte.jpg
Jacques Laffitte
(1767–1844)
2 November 1830 13 March 1831 Orléanist
Desnos - Casimir Pierre Perier.jpg
Casimir Pierre Périer
(1777–1832)
13 March 1831 16 May 1832 Resistance Party II (1831)
Soult2.jpg
Jean-de-Dieu Soult
(1769–1851)
1 11 October 1832 18 July 1834 Orléanist
David Etienne Maurice Gerard (detail).jpg
Étienne Maurice Gérard
(1773–1852)
18 July 1834 10 November 1834 Independent III (1834)
Maret, Hugues-Bernard.jpg
Hugues-Bernard Maret
(1763–1839)
10 November 1834 18 November 1834 Independent
Dubufe - Marshal Mortier.jpg
Édouard Mortier
(1768–1835)
18 November 1834 12 March 1835 Resistance Party
Victor, 3rd duc de Broglie.jpg
Victor de Broglie
(1785–1870)
12 March 1835 22 February 1836 Resistance Party
Adolphe Thiers Nadar 2.JPG
Adolphe Thiers
(1797–1877)
1 22 February 1836 6 September 1836 Movement Party
Mathieu-Louis Molé.JPG
Louis-Mathieu Molé
(1781–1855)
1 6 September 1836 31 March 1839 Resistance Party
2 IV (1837)
Position vacant
(government led by
Louis Philippe I)
2 31 March 1839 12 May 1839 (Orléanist)
Soult2.jpg
Jean-de-Dieu Soult
(1769–1851)
2 12 May 1839 1 March 1840 Resistance Party V (1839)
Adolphe Thiers Nadar 2.JPG
Adolphe Thiers
(1797–1877)
2 1 March 1840 29 October 1840 Movement Party
Soult2.jpg
Jean-de-Dieu Soult
(1769–1851)
3 29 October 1840 19 September 1847 Resistance Party VI (1842)
Guizot3.jpg
François Guizot
(1787–1874)
19 September 1847 23 February 1848 Resistance Party VII (1846)
Mathieu-Louis Molé.JPG
Louis-Mathieu Molé
(1781–1855)
23 February 1848 24 February 1848 Resistance Party

Second French Republic (1848–1852)

Presidents of the Council of Ministers

Political parties

  Moderate Republican
  Party of Order
  Bonapartist

Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office Political party Legislature
(Election)
President
(Term)
1
Dupont de l'Eure 1843.jpg
Jacques-Charles Dupont de l'Eure
(1767–1855)
24 February 1848 9 May 1848 Moderate Republican Const.
(1848)
Himself
de facto
(Provisional)
2
François Arago.jpg
François Arago
(1786–1853)
10 May 1848 24 June 1848 Moderate Republican Executive Commission
3
Cavaignac par A. Rousseau.JPG
Louis-Eugène Cavaignac
(1802–1857)
28 June 1848 20 December 1848 Moderate Republican Himself
de facto
(Martial Law)
4
Odilon Barrot.jpg
Odilon Barrot
(1791–1873)
1 20 December 1848 31 October 1849 Party of Order 1 Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte
Napoleón III, 1865.jpg

(1848–1852)
2 Leg.
(1849)
5
Alphonse Henri d'Hautpoul - gravure.jpg
Alphonse Henri, comte d'Hautpoul
(1789–1865)
31 October 1849 24 January 1851 Party of Order
Position vacant
(government led by
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte)
24 January 1851 10 April 1851 (Bonapartist)
6
Léon Faucher.JPG
Léon Faucher
(1803–1854)
10 April 1851 26 October 1851 Party of Order
Position vacant
(government led by
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte)
0 26 October 1851 2 December 1852 (Bonapartist)
1
2

Second French Empire (1852–1870)

Cabinet Chiefs

Political parties

  Independent
  Bonapartist

Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office Political party Legislature
(Election)
Emperor
(Reign)
Position vacant
(absolute rule by Napoleon III)
3 2 December 1852 27 December 1869 (Bonapartist) I (1852) Napoleon III
Franz Xaver Winterhalter (workshop) Napoleon III.jpg

(1852–1870)
II (1857)
III (1863)
4 IV (1869)
Émile Ollivier by Pierre-Louis Pierson, 1870.png
Émile Ollivier
(1825–1913)
2 January 1870 9 August 1870  Bonapartist
Palikao.jpg
Charles Cousin-Montauban
(1796–1878)
9 August 1870 4 September 1870 Independent

Third French Republic (1870–1940)

President of the Government of National Defense

Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office Political party Legislature
(Election)
Louis Jules Trochu.jpg
Louis-Jules Trochu
(1815–1896)
4 September 1870 22 January 1871 Military None

Presidents of the Council of Ministers

Political Parties

  Independent
  Monarchists (Legitimist/Orleanist)
  Republican Left/Democratic Union
  Republican Union
  Radical-Socialist Party
  Liberal Republican Union
  Democratic Republican Alliance
  Republican-Socialist Party
  French Section of the Workers' International

Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office Political party
(Political coalition)
Legislature
(Election)
President
(Term)
6
D327 12photoAppertCOR.jpg
Jules Armand Dufaure
(1798–1881)
1 19 February 1871 24 May 1873 Independent National Assembly (1871) 2 Adolphe Thiers
Adolphe Thiers Nadar 2.JPG

(1871–1873)
2
7
Broglie Albert.JPG
Albert, duc de Broglie
(1821–1901)
1 25 May 1873 22 May 1874 Monarchist 3 Patrice de Mac Mahon
Patrice de Mac Mahon crop.jpg

(1873–1879)
2
8
Cissey.jpg
Ernest Courtot de Cissey
(1810–1882)
22 May 1874 10 March 1875 Monarchist
9
Buffet.jpg
Louis Buffet
(1818–1898)
10 March 1875 23 February 1876 Monarchist
6
D327 12photoAppertCOR.jpg
Jules Armand Dufaure
(1798–1881)
3 23 February 1876 12 December 1876 Republican Left
4
10
Jules Simon - photoglyptie.jpg
Jules Simon
(1814–1896)
12 December 1876 17 May 1877 Republican Left I (1876)
7
Broglie Albert.JPG
Albert, duc de Broglie
(1821–1901)
3 17 May 1877 23 November 1877 Monarchist
11
Rochebouët.jpg
Gaëtan de Rochebouët
(1813–1899)
23 November 1877 13 December 1877 Monarchist II (1877)
6
D327 12photoAppertCOR.jpg
Jules Armand Dufaure
(1798–1881)
5 13 December 1877 4 February 1879 Republican Left
12
William Waddington.jpg
William Waddington
(1826–1894)
4 February 1879 28 December 1879 Republican Left 4 Jules Grévy
Bonnat Portrait of Jules Grevy cropped.jpg

(1879–1887)
13
Photo of Charles de Freycinet.jpg
Charles de Freycinet
(1828–1923)
1 28 December 1879 23 September 1880 Republican Union
14
Julesferry.jpg
Jules Ferry
(1832–1893)
1 23 September 1880 14 November 1881 Republican Left
15
Léon Gambetta 1870 Nadar.jpg
Léon Gambetta
(1838–1882)
14 November 1881 30 January 1882 Republican Union III (1881)
13
Photo of Charles de Freycinet.jpg
Charles de Freycinet
(1828–1923)
2 30 January 1882 7 August 1882 Republican Union
16
Duclerc.jpg
Charles Duclerc
(1812–1888)
7 August 1882 29 January 1883 Republican Left
17
Armand Fallieres 2.jpg
Armand Fallières
(1841–1931)
29 January 1883 21 February 1883 Republican Left
14
Julesferry.jpg
Jules Ferry
(1832–1893)
2 21 February 1883 6 April 1885 Republican Left
18
Henri Brisson.jpg
Henri Brisson
(1835–1912)
1 6 April 1885 7 January 1886 Democratic Union
13
Photo of Charles de Freycinet.jpg
Charles de Freycinet
(1828–1923)
3 7 January 1886 16 December 1886 Democratic Union IV (1885)
19
René Goblet.jpg
René Goblet
(1828–1905)
16 December 1886 30 May 1887 Radical Republican
20
Rouvier.jpg
Maurice Rouvier
(1842–1911)
1 30 May 1887 12 December 1887 Democratic Union
21
Tirard.jpg
Pierre Tirard
(1827–1893)
1 12 December 1887 3 April 1888 Democratic Union 5 Marie François Sadi Carnot
Marie Francois Sadi Carnot.jpg

(1887–1894)
22
Floquet.jpg
Charles Floquet
(1828–1896)
3 April 1888 22 February 1889 Democratic Union
21
Tirard.jpg
Pierre Tirard
(1827–1893)
2 22 February 1889 17 March 1890 Democratic Union
13
Photo of Charles de Freycinet.jpg
Charles de Freycinet
(1828–1923)
4 17 March 1890 27 February 1892 Democratic Union V (1889)
23
Émile Loubet by Paul Nadar c1900.jpg
Émile Loubet
(1838–1929)
27 February 1892 6 December 1892 Democratic Union
24
Alexandre Ribot 1913.jpg
Alexandre Ribot
(1842–1923)
1 6 December 1892 4 April 1893 Liberal Republican Union
2
25
Dupuy.jpg
Charles Dupuy
(1851–1923)
1 4 April 1893 3 December 1893 Liberal Republican Union
26
Jean Casimir-Perier.jpg
Jean Casimir-Perier
(1847–1907)
3 December 1893 30 May 1894 Democratic Union VI (1893)
25
Dupuy.jpg
Charles Dupuy
(1851–1923)
2 30 May 1894 26 January 1895 Liberal Republican Union
3 6 Jean Casimir-Perier
Jean Casimir-Perier.jpg

(1894–1895)
24
Alexandre Ribot 1913.jpg
Alexandre Ribot
(1842–1923)
3 26 January 1895 1 November 1895 Liberal Republican Union 7 Félix Faure
Felix Faure.jpg

(1895–1899)
27
Bourgeoi.jpg
Léon Bourgeois
(1851–1925)
1 November 1895 29 April 1896 Radical Republican
28
Meline.jpg
Jules Méline
(1838–1925)
29 April 1896 28 June 1898 Liberal Republican Union
18
Henri Brisson.jpg
Henri Brisson
(1835–1912)
2 28 June 1898 1 November 1898 Radical Republicans VII (1898)
25
Dupuy.jpg
Charles Dupuy
(1851–1923)
4 1 November 1898 22 June 1899 Liberal Republican Union
5 Émile Loubet
Émile Loubet by Paul Nadar c1900.jpg

(1899–1906)
29
Waldeck-Rousseau (Nadar).jpg
Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau
(1846–1904)
22 June 1899 7 June 1902 Democratic Union 8
30
Émile Combes (1835–1921).jpg
Émile Combes
(1835–1921)
7 June 1902 24 January 1905 Radical-Socialist Party
(Bloc des gauches)
VIII (1902)
20
Rouvier.jpg
Maurice Rouvier
(1842–1911)
2 24 January 1905 12 March 1906 Democratic Republican Alliance
3 9 Armand Fallières
Picture of Clément Armand Fallières.jpg

(1906–1913)
31
Sarrien.jpg
Ferdinand Sarrien
(1840–1915)
12 March 1906 25 October 1906 Radical-Socialist Party
32
Georges Clemenceau Imag1396.jpg
Georges Clemenceau
(1841–1929)
1 25 October 1906 24 July 1909 Independent IX (1906)
33
Aristide Briand 2.jpg
Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
1 24 July 1909 2 March 1911 Republican-Socialist Party
2
34
Monis.jpg
Ernest Monis
(1846–1929)
2 March 1911 27 June 1911 Radical-Socialist Party X (1910)
35
Caillaux.jpg
Joseph Caillaux
(1863–1944)
27 June 1911 21 January 1912 Radical-Socialist Party
36
Poincare larger.jpg
Raymond Poincaré
(1860–1934)
1 21 January 1912 21 January 1913 Republican Democratic Party
33
Aristide Briand 2.jpg
Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
3 21 January 1913 22 March 1913 Republican-Socialist Party
4 10 Raymond Poincaré
Raymond Poincaré 1914.jpg

(1913–1920)
37
Louis Barthou 01.jpg
Louis Barthou
(1862–1934)
22 March 1913 9 December 1913 Republican Democratic Party
38
Gaston Doumergue 2.jpg
Gaston Doumergue
(1863–1937)
1 9 December 1913 9 June 1914 Radical-Socialist Party
24
Alexandre Ribot 1913.jpg
Alexandre Ribot
(1842–1923)
4 9 June 1914 13 June 1914 Republican Democratic Party XI (1914)
39
Viviani 1912.jpg
René Viviani
(1863–1925)
1 13 June 1914 29 October 1915 Republican-Socialist Party
2
33
Aristide Briand 2.jpg
Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
5 29 October 1915 20 March 1917 Republican-Socialist Party
6
24
Alexandre Ribot 1913.jpg
Alexandre Ribot
(1842–1923)
5 20 March 1917 12 September 1917 Republican Democratic Party
40
Paul Painlevé 01.jpg
Paul Painlevé
(1863–1933)
1 12 September 1917 16 November 1917 Republican-Socialist Party
32
Georges Clemenceau Imag1396.jpg
Georges Clemenceau
(1841–1929)
2 16 November 1917 20 January 1920 Independent
41
Alexandre Millerand 1914.jpg
Alexandre Millerand
(1859–1943)
1 20 January 1920 24 September 1920 Independent
(National Bloc)
XII (1919)
2 11 Paul Deschanel
Paul Deschanel 01.jpg

(1920)
42
Georges Leygues 01.jpg
Georges Leygues
(1857–1933)
24 September 1920 16 January 1921 Republican, Democratic and Social Party
(National Bloc)
12 Alexandre Millerand
Alexandre Millerand (cropped).jpg

(1920–1924)
33
Aristide Briand 2.jpg
Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
7 16 January 1921 15 January 1922 Republican-Socialist Party
36
Poincare larger.jpg
Raymond Poincaré
(1860–1934)
2 15 January 1922 8 June 1924 Republican, Democratic and Social Party
(National Bloc)
3
43
Frédéric François-Marsal 1920 (2).jpg
Frédéric François-Marsal
(1874–1958)
8 June 1924 15 June 1924 Independent
(National Bloc)
XIII (1924)
45
Édouard Herriot 01.jpg
Édouard Herriot
(1872–1957)
1 15 June 1924 17 April 1925 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
13 Gaston Doumergue
Gaston Doumergue 1924 crop.jpg

(1924–1931)
40
Paul Painlevé 01.jpg
Paul Painlevé
(1863–1933)
2 17 April 1925 28 November 1925 Republican-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
3
33
Aristide Briand 2.jpg
Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
8 28 November 1925 20 July 1926 Republican-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
9
10
45
Édouard Herriot 01.jpg
Édouard Herriot
(1872–1957)
2 20 July 1926 23 July 1926 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
36
Poincare larger.jpg
Raymond Poincaré
(1860–1934)
4 23 July 1926 29 July 1929 Democratic Alliance
(National Union)
5
33
Aristide Briand 2.jpg
Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
11 29 July 1929 2 November 1929 Republican-Socialist Party XIV (1928)
46
André Tardieu 1928.jpg
André Tardieu
(1876–1945)
1 2 November 1929 21 February 1930 Democratic Alliance
47
Chautemps 1925.jpg
Camille Chautemps
(1885–1963)
1 21 February 1930 2 March 1930 Radical-Socialist Party
46
André Tardieu 1928.jpg
André Tardieu
(1876–1945)
2 2 March 1930 13 December 1930 Democratic Alliance
48
Théodore Steeg 1926.jpg
Théodore Steeg
(1868–1950)
13 December 1930 27 January 1931 Radical-Socialist Party
49
Laval 1931.jpg
Pierre Laval
(1883–1945)
1 27 January 1931 20 February 1932 Independent
(National Bloc)
2 14 Paul Doumer
Paul Doumer 1931.jpg

(1931–1932)
3
46
André Tardieu 1928.jpg
André Tardieu
(1876–1945)
3 20 February 1932 3 June 1932 Democratic Alliance
45
Édouard Herriot 01.jpg
Édouard Herriot
(1872–1957)
3 3 June 1932 18 December 1932 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
XV (1932) 15 Albert Lebrun
Albert Lebrun 1932 (2).jpg

(1932–1940)
50
Joseph Paul-Boncour 1923.jpg
Joseph Paul-Boncour
(1873–1972)
18 December 1932 31 January 1933 Republican-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
51
Daladier 1924.jpg
Édouard Daladier
(1884–1970)
1 31 January 1933 26 October 1933 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
52
Albert Sarraut.jpg
Albert Sarraut
(1872–1962)
1 26 October 1933 26 November 1933 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
47
Chautemps 1925.jpg
Camille Chautemps
(1885–1963)
2 26 November 1933 30 January 1934 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
51
Daladier 1924.jpg
Édouard Daladier
(1884–1970)
2 30 January 1934 9 February 1934 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
38
Gaston Doumergue 2.jpg
Gaston Doumergue
(1863–1937)
2 9 February 1934 8 November 1934 Radical-Socialist Party
(Government of National Union)
53
Pierre-Étienne Flandin 1914.jpg
Pierre-Étienne Flandin
(1889–1958)
1 8 November 1934 1 June 1935 Democratic Alliance
54
Fernand Bouisson.jpg
Fernand Bouisson
(1874–1959)
1 June 1935 7 June 1935 Republican-Socialist Party
49
Laval 1931.jpg
Pierre Laval
(1883–1945)
4 7 June 1935 24 January 1936 Independent
(National Bloc)
52
Albert Sarraut.jpg
Albert Sarraut
(1872–1962)
2 24 January 1936 4 June 1936 Radical-Socialist Party
55
Leon Blum, Meurisse, 1927.jpg
Léon Blum
(1872–1950)
1 4 June 1936 22 June 1937 French Section of the Workers' International
(Popular Front)
XVI (1936)
47
Chautemps 1925.jpg
Camille Chautemps
(1885–1963)
3 22 June 1937 13 March 1938 Radical-Socialist Party
(Popular Front)
4
55
Leon Blum, Meurisse, 1927.jpg
Léon Blum
(1872–1950)
2 13 March 1938 10 April 1938 French Section of the Workers' International
(Popular Front)
51
Daladier 1924.jpg
Édouard Daladier
(1884–1970)
3 10 April 1938 21 March 1940 Radical-Socialist Party
4
5
56
Paul Reynaud 1933.jpg
Paul Reynaud
(1878–1966)
21 March 1940 16 June 1940 Democratic Alliance
57
Philippe Pétain (en civil, autour de 1930).jpg
Philippe Pétain
(1856–1951)
16 June 1940 11 July 1940 Independent

French State (1940–1944)

Until 1942, Marshal Philippe Pétain served as Chief of State and nominal President of the Council of Ministers: the Vice-President of the Council of Ministers was the de facto head of government. From 1942, Pétain remained Chief of State, but Pierre Laval was named Chief of the Government.

Vice-Presidents of the Council of Ministers

Political parties

  Vichyist

Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office Political party Legislature
(Election)
Chief of State
(Term)
49
Pierre Laval a Meurisse 1931.jpg
Pierre Laval
(1883–1945)
5 11 July 1940 13 December 1940 Vichyist None Philippe Pétain
Philippe Pétain (en civil, autour de 1930).jpg

(1940–1944)
53
Pierre-Étienne Flandin 1914.jpg
Pierre-Étienne Flandin
(1889–1958)
2 13 December 1940 9 February 1941 Vichyist
58
François Darlan.jpg
François Darlan
(1881–1942)
9 February 1941 18 April 1942 Vichyist
49
Pierre Laval a Meurisse 1931.jpg
Pierre Laval
(1883–1945)
(as Chief of the Government)
6 18 April 1942 19 August 1944 Vichyist

Provisional Government of the French Republic (1944–1946)

Chairmen of the Provisional Government

Political parties

  Independent
  French Section of the Workers' International
  Popular Republican Movement

Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office Political party
(Political coalition)
Legislature
(Election)
59
Charles de Gaulle - photo Henri Manuel.jpg
Charles de Gaulle
(1890–1970)
1 20 August 1944 26 January 1946 Independent Provisional
2 I (1945)
60
Félix Gouin député SFIO 1936.jpg
Félix Gouin
(1884–1977)
26 January 1946 24 June 1946 French Section of the Workers' International
(Tripartisme)
61
Georges Bidault.jpg
Georges Bidault
(1899–1983)
1 24 June 1946 28 November 1946 Popular Republican Movement
(Tripartisme)
II (June 1946)
Nieuwste portret van de Staatsminister van Frankrijk, Bestanddeelnr 901-4021 (cropped).jpg
Vincent Auriol
(1884–1966)
(interim)
28 November 1946 16 December 1946 French Section of the Workers' International
(Tripartisme)
IV Rep.
I (Nov.1946)
62
Léon Blum - 2 janvier 1947.jpg
Léon Blum
(1872–1950)
3 16 December 1946 22 January 1947 French Section of the Workers' International
(Tripartisme)

Fourth French Republic (1946–1958)

Presidents of the Council of Ministers

Political parties

  French Section of the Workers' International
  Radical Party
  Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance
  Popular Republican Movement
  National Centre of Independents and Peasants
  Union for the New Republic

Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office Political party
(Political coalition)
Legislature
(Election)
President
(Term)
63
Paul Ramadier.jpg
Paul Ramadier
(1888–1961)
1 22 January 1947 24 November 1947 French Section of the Workers' International
(Tripartisme)
I (Nov.1946) 16 Vincent Auriol
VincentAuriol.png

(1947–1954)
2
65
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-19000-2453, Robert Schuman.jpg
Robert Schuman
(1886–1963)
1 24 November 1947 24 July 1948 Popular Republican Movement
(Third Force)
66
Armoiries république française.svg
André Marie
(1897–1974)
24 July 1948 2 September 1948 Radical Party
(Third Force)
65
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-19000-2453, Robert Schuman.jpg
Robert Schuman
(1886–1963)
2 2 September 1948 11 September 1948 Popular Republican Movement
(Third Force)
67
Henri Queuille 1929.jpg
Henri Queuille
(1884–1970)
1 11 September 1948 28 October 1949 Radical Party
(Third Force)
61
Georges Bidault.jpg
Georges Bidault
(1899–1983)
2 28 October 1949 2 July 1950 Popular Republican Movement
(Third Force)
3
67
Henri Queuille 1929.jpg
Henri Queuille
(1884–1970)
2 2 July 1950 12 July 1950 Radical Party
(Third Force)
68
Rene Pleven.jpg
René Pleven
(1901–1993)
1 12 July 1950 10 March 1951 Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance
(Third Force)
67
Henri Queuille 1929.jpg
Henri Queuille
(1884–1970)
3 10 March 1951 11 August 1951 Radical Party
(Third Force)
68
Rene Pleven.jpg
René Pleven
(1901–1993)
2 11 August 1951 20 January 1952 Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance
(Third Force)
II (1951)
69
Edgar Faure 1955.jpg
Edgar Faure
(1908–1988)
1 20 January 1952 8 March 1952 Radical Party
70
Antoine Pinay 1969.jpg
Antoine Pinay
(1891–1994)
8 March 1952 8 January 1953 National Centre of Independents and Peasants
71
Rene Mayer.jpg
René Mayer
(1895–1972)
8 January 1953 28 June 1953 Radical Party
72
Joseph Laniel.PNG
Joseph Laniel
(1889–1975)
1 28 June 1953 19 June 1954 National Centre of Independents and Peasants
2 17 René Coty
René Coty-1929.jpg

(1954–1959)
73
Pierre Mendès-France 1932.jpg
Pierre Mendès France
(1907–1982)
19 June 1954 17 February 1955 Radical Party
74
Christian Pineau.jpg
Christian Pineau
(1904–1995)
Acting
17 February 1955 23 February 1955 French Section of the Workers International
69
Edgar Faure.jpg
Edgar Faure
(1908–1988)
2 23 February 1955 1 February 1956 Radical Party
(Republican Front)
75
Guy Mollet Archief.PNG
Guy Mollet
(1905–1975)
1 February 1956 13 June 1957 French Section of the Workers' International
(Republican Front)
III (1956)
76
Bourgès-Maunoury small.jpg
Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury
(1914–1993)
13 June 1957 6 November 1957 Radical Party
(Republican Front)
77
Armoiries république française.svg
Félix Gaillard
(1919–1970)
6 November 1957 14 May 1958 Radical Party
(Republican Front)
78
Pierre Pflimlin - 16 mai 1958.jpg
Pierre Pflimlin
(1907–2000)
14 May 1958 1 June 1958 Popular Republican Movement
59
Charles de Gaulle-1963.jpg
Charles de Gaulle
(1890–1970)
3 1 June 1958 8 January 1959 Union for the New Republic

Fifth French Republic (1958–present)

This was the first time when the term Prime Minister was used, rather than President of the Council of Ministers, reflecting the new power-sharing with the President of the Republic, who had before then been only head of state but not head of government.

Prime Ministers

Political parties

  Independent
  Gaullist (UNR/UDR/RPR/UMP/LR)
  Centrist (REM)
  Liberal-centrist (UDF/DL)
  Socialist

Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office Political party
(Political coalition)
Legislature
(Election)
President
(Term)
79
Michel Debré.jpg
Michel Debré
(1912–1996)
8 January 1959 14 April 1962 Union for the New Republic I (1958) 18 Charles de Gaulle
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F010324-0002, Flughafen Köln-Bonn, Adenauer, de Gaulle-cropped.jpg

(1959–1969)
80
Georges Pompidou (cropped 3).jpg
Georges Pompidou
(1911–1974)
1 14 April 1962 7 December 1962 Union for the New Republic
2 7 December 1962 8 January 1966 II (1962)
3 8 January 1966 1 April 1967
4 5 April 1967 10 July 1968 III (1967)
81
Maurice Couve de Murville.jpg
Maurice Couve de Murville
(1907–1999)
10 July 1968 20 June 1969 Union of Democrats for the Republic IV (1968)
82
Jacques Chaban-Delmas-1 (cropped).jpg
Jacques Chaban-Delmas
(1915–2000)
20 June 1969 6 July 1972 Union of Democrats for the Republic 19 Georges Pompidou
Georges Pompidou (cropped 3).jpg

(1969–1974)
83
Pierre Messmer01 (cropped 2).JPG
Pierre Messmer
(1916–2007)
1 6 July 1972 5 April 1973 Union of Democrats for the Republic
2 5 April 1973 1 March 1974 V (1973)
3 1 March 1974 27 May 1974
84
Jacques Chirac, 1974 (cropped).jpg
Jacques Chirac
(1932–2019)
1 27 May 1974 26 August 1976 Union of Democrats for the Republic 20 Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
Valéry Giscard d’Estaing 1978.jpg

(1974–1981)
85
Raymond Barre 1980 (cropped 2).jpg
Raymond Barre
(1924–2007)
1 26 August 1976 29 March 1977 Independent
2 29 March 1977 31 March 1978
85 3 31 March 1978 21 May 1981 Union for French Democracy VI (1978)
86
Pierre Mauroy 1990.jpg
Pierre Mauroy
(1928–2013)
1 21 May 1981 23 June 1981 Socialist Party 21 François Mitterrand
François Mitterrand avril 1981.jpg

(1981–1995)
2 23 June 1981 23 March 1983 VII (1981)
3 23 March 1983 17 July 1984
87
28.08.1984. D. Baudis et L. Fabius. (1984) - 53Fi3647 (cropped).jpg
Laurent Fabius
(1946–)
17 July 1984 20 March 1986 Socialist Party
84
Jacques Chirac mid-eighties.jpg
Jacques Chirac
(1932–2019)
2 20 March 1986 10 May 1988 Rally for the Republic VIII (1986)
88
Michel Rocard16 (cropped 2).JPG
Michel Rocard
(1930–2016)
1 10 May 1988 22 June 1988 Socialist Party
2 23 June 1988 15 May 1991 IX (1988)
89
Édith Cresson (cropped).JPG
Édith Cresson
(1934–)
15 May 1991 2 April 1992 Socialist Party
90
Beregovoy.jpg
Pierre Bérégovoy
(1925–1993)
2 April 1992 29 March 1993 Socialist Party
91
Edouard Balladur-1-crop2.png
Édouard Balladur
(1929–)
29 March 1993 17 May 1995 Rally for the Republic X (1993)
92
Alain Juppé in Washington DC (cropped 2).jpg
Alain Juppé
(1945–)
1 18 May 1995 7 November 1995 Rally for the Republic 22 Jacques Chirac
ChiracUSA.jpg

(1995–2007)
2 7 November 1995 3 June 1997
93
Lionel Jospin, 1998 (cropped).jpg
Lionel Jospin
(1937–)
3 June 1997 6 May 2002 Socialist Party XI (1997)
94
Jean-Pierre Raffarin par Claude Truong-Ngoc 2013 (cropped).jpg
Jean-Pierre Raffarin
(1948–)
1 7 May 2002 17 June 2002 Liberal Democracy
then Union for a Popular Movement
2 17 June 2002 30 March 2004 XII (2002)
3 31 March 2004 31 May 2005
95
Launch Republique Solidaire 2010-06-19 n05.jpg
Dominique de Villepin
(1953–)
31 May 2005 15 May 2007 Union for a Popular Movement
96
François Fillon 2010.jpg
François Fillon
(1954–)
1 17 May 2007 18 June 2007 Union for a Popular Movement 23 Nicolas Sarkozy
Flickr - europeanpeoplesparty - EPP Summit October 2010 (105).jpg

(2007–2012)
2 19 June 2007 13 November 2010 XIII (2007)
3 14 November 2010 10 May 2012
97
Jean-Marc Ayrault gros plan.jpg
Jean-Marc Ayrault
(1950–)
1 15 May 2012 18 June 2012 Socialist Party 24 François Hollande
Francois Hollande 2015.jpeg

(2012–2017)
2 18 June 2012 31 March 2014 XIV (2012)
98
Valls Schaefer Munich Economic Summit 2015 (cropped).JPG
Manuel Valls
(1962–)
1 31 March 2014 25 August 2014 Socialist Party
2 25 August 2014 6 December 2016
99
Bernard Cazeneuve 21 February 2013.jpg
Bernard Cazeneuve
(1963–)
6 December 2016 15 May 2017 Socialist Party
100
Édouard Philippe 2019 (cropped).jpg
Édouard Philippe
(1970–)
1 15 May 2017 19 June 2017 The Republicans
Then miscellaneous right
25 Emmanuel Macron
Emmanuel Macron in Tallinn Digital Summit. Welcome dinner hosted by HE Donald Tusk. Handshake (36669381364) (cropped 2).jpg
(2017–)
2 19 June 2017 Incumbent XV (2017)

Timeline since 1959

Édouard PhilippeBernard CazeneuveManuel VallsJean-Marc AyraultFrançois FillonDominique de VillepinJean-Pierre RaffarinLionel JospinAlain JuppéEdouard BalladurPierre BérégovoyEdith CressonMichel RocardJacques ChiracLaurent FabiusPierre MauroyRaymond BarreJacques ChiracPierre MessmerJacques Chaban-DelmasMaurice Couve de MurvilleGeorges PompidouMichel Debré

See also

External links

This page was last edited on 16 February 2020, at 20:20
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.