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List of presidents of Egypt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Current Presidential Standard of Egypt (left, 1984–present) and former Presidential Standard (right, 1972–1984)
Coat of arms of Egypt (Official).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Egypt

Arab League Member State of the Arab League


Constitution (history)
Political parties (former)
Flag of Egypt.svg
Egypt portal

The office of President of Egypt was established in 1953. The president is the head of state of Egypt and the Supreme Commander of the Egyptian Armed Forces. The current president is Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, who is effectively controlling the country since the 2013 coup d'état, and officially elected president in 2014.

Background

The first president of Egypt was Mohamed Naguib, one of the leaders of the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, who took office on 18 June 1953, the day on which Egypt was declared a republic. Since then the office has been held by five further people: Gamal Abdel Nasser, Anwar Sadat, Hosni Mubarak, Mohamed Morsi and Abdel Fattah el-Sisi. In addition, Sufi Abu Taleb acted as president between Sadat's assassination and the election of his successor, and Adly Mansour acted as president after Morsi's overthrow in the 2013 coup d'état.

Following Hosni Mubarak's resignation on 11 February 2011 in the Egyptian Revolution of 2011, the office was vacant, with the functions of head of state and head of government being discharged by the chairman of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi.

Mohamed Morsi took office on 30 June 2012, after being elected by the presidential election held on 23–24 May and 16–17 June 2012. He was deposed by the Egyptian Armed Forces in a coup d'état on 3 July 2013, following massive protests calling for his resignation. He was succeeded by Adly Mansour, the head of the Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt, as Acting President. Mansour was sworn into office in front of the Supreme Constitutional Court on 4 July 2013.[1]

Current President el-Sisi took office on 8 June 2014, after being elected by the presidential election held on 26–28 May 2014. He was re-elected by the presidential election held on 26–28 March 2018.

List of officeholders

Government No. Portrait Name

(Birth–Death)

Elected Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
Flag of Egypt (1922–1958).svg

Republic of Egypt
(18 June 1953

22 February 1958)
Coat of arms of Egypt (1953–1958).svg
1
Muhammad Naguib.jpg
Mohamed Naguib
محمد نجيب

(1901–1984)

18 June 1953 14 November 1954
(Resigned)
1 year, 149 days   Military / Liberation Rally
Nasser portrait2.jpg
Revolutionary Command Council
Chairman: Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser
14 November 1954 23 June 1956 1 year, 222 days   Military
2
Nasser portrait2.jpg
Gamal Abdel Nasser
جمال عبد الناصر

(1918–1970)

1956
1958
1965
23 June 1956 28 September 1970
(Died)
14 years, 97 days   National Union
(until 1962)
Flag of Syria.svg

United Arab Republic
(22 February 1958

2 September 1971)
Coat of arms of United Arab Republic (Syria 1958-61, Egypt 1958-1971).svg
  Arab Socialist Union
3
Anwar Sadat cropped.jpg
Anwar Sadat
أنور السادات

(1918–1981)

1970
1976
28 September 1970 (Acting)
15 October 1970
6 October 1981
(Assassinated)
11 years, 8 days   Arab Socialist Union
(until 1978)
Flag of Egypt.svg

Arab Republic of Egypt
(1971

present)
Coat of arms of Egypt (Official).svg
  National Democratic Party
Sufi Abu Taleb.gif
Sufi Abu Taleb
صوفى أبو طالب

(1925–2008)

Acting President 6 October 1981 14 October 1981 8 days   National Democratic Party
4
Hosni Mubarak ritratto.jpg
Hosni Mubarak
حسنى مبارك

(1928–2020)

1981
1987
1993
1999
2005
14 October 1981 11 February 2011
(Resigned)
29 years, 120 days   National Democratic Party
Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi 2002.jpg
Supreme Council of the Armed Forces
Chairman: Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi
محمد حسين طنطاوي

(1935–)

11 February 2011 30 June 2012 1 year, 140 days   Military
5
Mohamed Morsi-05-2013.jpg
Mohamed Morsi
محمد مرسي

(1951–2019)

2012 30 June 2012 3 July 2013
(Deposed)
1 year, 3 days   Freedom and Justice Party
Adly Mansour.JPG
Adly Mansour
عدلي منصور

(1945–)

Interim President 4 July 2013 8 June 2014 339 days   Independent
6
AFSisi.jpg
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
عبد الفتاح السيسى

(1954–)

2014
2018
8 June 2014 Incumbent[note 1] 5 years, 269 days   Independent

Timeline

Abdel Fattah el-SisiAdly MansourMohamed MorsiMohamed Hussein TantawiHosni MubarakSufi Abu TalebAnwar SadatGamal Abdel NasserMohamed Naguib

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Abdel Fattah el-Sisi's mandate expires 8 June 2022.

References

Citations

  1. ^ "Adly Mansour Sworn In As Egypt's Interim President". Associated Press. 4 July 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2013.

Sources

  • El-Gawady, Mohamed: Cabinets during period of Revolution (1986)
  • Hafez, Salah: Democracy Shock (2001)

This page was last edited on 3 March 2020, at 19:24
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