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List of Parliamentary constituencies in Berkshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A map of a country, divided into many smaller counties. One county, situated in a southern-central location, is highlighted in red
The county of Berkshire in relation to England.

The ceremonial county of Berkshire, (which is entirely made up of unitary authoritiesBracknell Forest, Reading, Slough, West Berkshire, Windsor and Maidenhead and Wokingham) is divided into eight Parliamentary constituencies: two Borough constituencies and six County constituencies.

2017 constituencies

  † Conservative   ‡ Labour   ¤ Liberal Democrat

On 3rd September 2019, Bracknell MP Phillip Lee joined the Liberal Democrats. Later that day, Newbury MP Richard Benyon lost the Conservative Party whip after rebelling against the Government. He now sits as Independent MP.[1]

Name[nb 1] Electorate[2] Majority[nb 2] Member of Parliament Nearest opposition Electoral wards[3][4] Map
Bracknell CC 79,199 16,016   Dr Phillip Lee¤   Paul Bidwell‡
Maidenhead CC 76,076 26,457 Theresa May† (Prime Minister: 2016-2019)   Pat McDonald‡
Newbury CC 82,924 24,380 Richard Benyon Judith Bunting¤
Reading East BC 75,537 3,749   Matt Rodda‡ Rob Wilson
Reading West CC 74,523 2,876 Alok Sharma Olivia Bailey‡
Slough BC 83,272 16,998 Tan Dhesi Mark Vivis†
Windsor CC 73,595 22,384 Adam Afriyie   Peter Shearman‡
Wokingham CC 79,111 18,798 John Redwood   Andy Croy‡

History of constituencies and boundaries

Prior to 1832

Since 1295, the Parliamentary County of Berkshire, along with all other English Counties regardless of size or population, had elected 2 MPs to the House of Commons in accordance with the freehold property franchise. The county also included the Parliamentary Boroughs of Reading, Wallingford and New Windsor each returning 2 MPs and Abingdon (which was partly in Oxfordshire) which returned 1 MP (one of only a handful of English Boroughs to do so).

1832-1885

The Great Reform Act of 1832 radically changed the representation of the House of Commons. The County's representation was increased to 3 MPs, whilst that of the Borough of Wallingford was reduced to 1 MP. Under the Reform Act of 1867, the representation of the Borough of New Windsor was also reduced to 1 MP, at the same time expanding its boundaries to include Clewer and Eton (the latter being north of the River Thames in Buckinghamshire).[5]

1885-1918

Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the County was divided into 3 single-member constituencies, namely the Northern or Abingdon Division, the Southern or Newbury Division and the Eastern or Wokingham Division. The Boroughs of Wallingford and Abingdon were abolished and absorbed into the county Division of Abingdon and Reading had its representation reduced to 1 MP.

The table shows an approximate representation of the development of constituencies in Berkshire since 1885. The text below gives a more detailed description.

1885-1918 1918-1950 1950-1955 1955-1974 1974-1983 1983-1997 1997–present
Abingdon CC Abingdon CC Abingdon CC Abingdon CC Abingdon CC Transferred to Oxfordshire

(Wantage CC and Oxford West and Abingdon CC)

Reading BC Reading BC Reading North BC Reading BC Reading North BC Reading West CC Reading West CC
Reading South BC Reading South CC Reading East CC Reading East BC
Newbury CC Newbury CC Newbury CC Newbury CC Newbury CC Newbury CC Newbury CC
Wokingham CC Wokingham CC Wokingham CC Wokingham CC Wokingham CC Wokingham CC
Windsor CC East Berkshire CC Bracknell CC
Windsor CC Windsor CC Windsor and Maidenhead CC Windsor and Maidenhead CC Maidenhead CC
New Windsor BC Windsor CC
Transferred from Buckinghamshire (Eton and Slough CC) Slough BC Slough BC
BC = Borough Constituency (prior to 1950 - Parliamentary Borough or Division thereof)

CC = County Constituency (prior to 1950 - Parliamentary County of Division thereof)

1918-1950

Under the Representation of the People Act 1918, the Parliamentary Borough of New Windsor and the county Division of Wokingham were abolished and replaced by the county Division of Windsor, which also included Maidenhead. Eton was now included in the Wycombe Division of Buckinghamshire The Municipal Borough of Wokingham itself was added to the Newbury Division and the Parliamentary Borough of Reading was expanded in line with the County Borough, including the absorption of Caversham, to the north of the River Thames, which had previously been part of the Henley Division of Oxfordshire.

1950-1955

The Representation of the People Act 1948 increased the county's representation from 4 to 6 MPs. Reading was split into the two Borough Constituencies of Reading North and Reading South and Wokingham was re-established as a County Constituency, comprising the borough of Wokingham and rural areas to the south and east of Reading, transferred from Newbury, and extending eastwards to include the Rural District of Easthampstead (which incorporated Bracknell), transferred from Windsor.

1955-1974

Under the First Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies Reading North and Reading South were recombined, with one ward of the County Borough being included in each of the Newbury and Wokingham constituencies.

1974-1983

Under the Second Periodic Review, representation was increased back up to 6 MPs with the recreation of Reading North and Reading South. The County Borough wards in Newbury and Wokingham were returned whilst Reading South (which was designated as a County Constituency) was extended southwards to include parts of the Rural District of Wokingham, transferred from the constituency thereof.

1983-1997

The Third Review reflected the changes to the county of Berkshire resulting from the Local Government Act 1972 and saw major changes. The bulk of the area comprising the constituency of Abingdon had been moved to Oxfordshire, with the majority of its contents, including Wantage, Wallingford, Didcot and Faringdon being included in the new County Constituency of Wantage. The town of Abingdon-on-Thames itself, together with areas to the west of Oxford, was included in the new County Constituency of Oxford West and Abingdon. The small part which was retained in Berkshire was transferred to Newbury. The county had absorbed the Municipal Borough of Slough and the small Urban District of Eton (which together had formed the Borough Constituency of Eton and Slough) from Buckinghamshire. Slough was formed as a new Borough Constituency and Eton was added back to Windsor.

A further County Constituency of East Berkshire was created, largely comprising the Borough of Bracknell (formerly the Rural District of Easthampstead) but also including the areas comprising the former Rural District of Windsor (including Old Windsor and Sunningdale), transferred from Windsor and Maidenhead, and the parts of the former Rural District of Eton (including Datchet) which had also been transferred from Buckinghamshire to Berkshire and were previously part of the County Constituency of Beaconsfield.

Reading North and Reading South were abolished once again and replaced by the County Constituencies of Reading East and Reading West. Reading East was formed largely from parts of Reading South, together with parts of Reading North, including Caversham. Reading West was formed largely from parts of Reading North and extended westwards to include parts of Newbury. North-western parts of Reading South were transferred back to Wokingham.

1997-2010

The Fourth Review resulted in a further increase from 7 to 8 MPs with the abolition of Windsor and Maidenhead and the creation of the two separate County Constituencies of Maidenhead and Windsor. Maidenhead included Bisham and Cookham and was extended westwards to include northern parts of Wokingham. Windsor included Bray, Eton and the Slough ward of Foxborough. It was extended southwards to include parts of East Berkshire (Datchet, Old Windsor, Sunningdale and Ascot). East Berkshire was abolished with remaining parts forming the basis of the new County Constituency of Bracknell, which also included the ward of Wokingham Without, transferred from Wokingham, and Finchampstead, transferred from Reading East.

Reading East was redesignated as a Borough Constituency, gaining parts to the east of the borough from Wokingham in exchange for areas to the south, including Shinfield. Wokingham also added two wards from Newbury. Finally, Reading East gained the borough ward of Katesgrove from Reading West in exchange for the ward of Whitley.

2010–present

Fifth Review - Modest changes, including the transfer of Bray from Windsor to Maidenhead, Binfield from Bracknell to Windsor and the return of Foxborough ward from Windsor to Slough. Further marginal changes due to revision of local authority wards.

Constituency Pre-2010 boundaries Post-2010 boundaries
1. Bracknell CC
BerkshireParliamentaryConstituenciesNumbered.svg
BerkshireParliamentaryConstituencies2007.svg
2. Maidenhead CC
3. Newbury CC
4. Reading East BC
5. Reading West CC
6. Slough BC
7. Windsor CC
8. Wokingham CC

Changes proposed for 2022

The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. If these proposals are approved by Parliament they will come into effect at the next UK general election which is due to take place in May 2022 under the terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.

Under the terms of the Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Act 2011, the Sixth Review was based on reducing the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and a strict electoral parity requirement that the electorate of all constituencies should be within a range of 5% either side of the electoral quota. The review was carried out using the official UK electorate figures for 2015 and the electoral quota was set at 74,769, establishing a range of 71,031 to 78,507.[6]

In order to minimise the changes required, the Commission recommended combining Berkshire with Surrey as a sub-region of the South East Region. However, this involved only one ward (Windlesham in the Borough of Surrey Heath in Surrey) being transferred from the constituency of Surrey Heath to the constituency of Windsor. After adjusting for this, the Commission recommended that Berkshire retained eight seats, with no name changes, of which four (Bracknell, Maidenhead, Slough and Wokingham) were unchanged. Elsewhere, Reading West would gain a further two District of West Berkshire wards (Basildon and Bucklebury) from Newbury and the Borough of Reading ward of Battle would be transferred from Reading West to Reading East.[6]

Current constituencies Electorate[7] Proposed constituencies[8] Electorate[8]
Bracknell CC 76,917 Bracknell BC 76,917
Maidenhead CC 71,834 Maidenhead CC 71,834
Newbury CC 78,963 Newbury CC 71,737
Reading East BC 67,846 Reading East BC 73,626
Reading West CC 69,709 Reading West CC 71,155
Slough BC 76,668 Slough BC 76,668
Windsor CC 68,834 Windsor CC 68,8341
Wokingham CC 76,905 Wokingham CC 76,905
587,676 587,676

1Also includes part in Surrey (3,256)

Results maps

Total Votes by Party

The total number of aggregate votes cast for each political party which fielded candidates in Berkshire in the 2017 general election was as follows:

Party Votes Votes% Seats
Conservative 242,350 54.0 6
Labour 74,613 32.9 2
Liberal Democrats 46,418 10.3 -
Greens 7,309 1.6 -
UKIP 3,620 0.8 -
Independents 1,210 0.2 -
Apolitical Democrats 304 0.1 -
Gremloids 249 0.1 -
Monster Raving Loony 119 0.0 -
Christian Peoples Alliance 69 0.0 -
The Just Political Party 52 0.0 -
Give Me Back My Elmo 3 0.0 -
Total 449,628 100.0 8

Historical representation by party

1885 to 1950

  Conservative   Labour   Liberal

Constituency 1885 1886 90 1892 1895 98 1900 01 04 1906 Jan 1910 Dec 1910 13 16 1918 21 22 1922 1923 1924 1929 1931 1935 42 1945
Abingdon Wroughton A. K. Loyd Strauss Henderson A. K. Loyd Wigan A. T. Loyd Lessing Glyn
Newbury W. G. Mount W. A. Mount Mackarness W. A. Mount Brown Stranger Brown Hurd
Reading Murdoch Palmer Murdoch Palmer Isaacs Wilson Cadogan Hastings Williams Hastings Howitt Mikardo
Windsor Richardson-Gardner Barry Mason Gardner Somerville Mott-Radclyffe
Wokingham Russell Young Gardner

1950 to present

  Conservative   Independent   Labour   Liberal Democrats

Constituency 1950 1951 53 1955 1959 1964 1966 1970 Feb 74 Oct 74 1979 1983 1987 1992 93 1997 2001 2005 2010 2015 2017 19
Abingdon Glyn Neave T. Benyon In Oxfordshire
Newbury Hurd Astor McNair-Wilson Chaplin Rendel R. Benyon
Reading North (1950–55, 74-83) / Reading West (1983) K. Mackay Bennett Durant Salter Sharma
Reading South (1950–55, 74-83) / Reading (1955–74) / Reading East (1983) Mikardo Emery Lee Vaughan Griffiths Wilson Rodda
Windsor (1950–74, 1997-) / Windsor and Maidenhead (1974) Mott-Radclyffe Glyn Trend Afriyie
Wokingham Remnant van Straubenzee Redwood
Slough In Buckinghamshire Watts Mactaggart Dhesi
East Berkshire / Bracknell (1997) A. MacKay Lee
Maidenhead May

See also

Notes

  1. ^ BC denotes borough constituency, CC denotes county constituency.
  2. ^ The majority is the number of votes the winning candidate receives more than their nearest rival.

References

General
  • "Boundary Commission for England: Fifth Periodical Report" (PDF). Boundary Commission for England. Crown Copyright. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 6 November 2009.
  • Craig, Frederick Walter Scott (1972). Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885–1972. Chichester, Sussex: Political Reference Publications. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
Specific
  1. ^ https://commonsvotes.digiminster.com/Divisions/Details/711
  2. ^ "2015 Electorates".
  3. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007, page 4". Office of Public Sector Information. Crown copyright. 13 June 2007. Retrieved 7 November 2009.
  4. ^ Boundary Commission for England pp. 1004–1007
  5. ^ "H.M.S.O. Boundary Commission Report 1868, New Windsor". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  6. ^ a b Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. ^ Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (Document type: Electoral data) (24 February 2016). "The electorate of each region subdivided by both local authorities and each existing constituency".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ a b Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations constituency list (with wards)".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
This page was last edited on 23 September 2019, at 07:36
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