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List of breweries in Canada

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is an incomplete list of many of the breweries in Canada. Breweries are not included in this list unless the individual brewery is notable or contains significance to Canadian culture and history.

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Transcription

Canadians boast longer lives, safer communities, free nationalized healthcare, a cleaner environment, the most gold medals in Olympic hockey, and, of course, poutine. But, contrary to popular belief, one thing they don’t do any different than their friends to the south is make stronger beer. When you’re dealing with mainstream beers, those with the highest alcohol are generally stouts, porters and pale ales, with alcohol by volume (ABV) contents typically ranging between 4% and 10%, though most mainstream beers tend to stay in the range of 4%-6%, such as Canada’s popular Labatt (5% ABV), which edges out the United States’ “favorite” brew, Bud Light (4.2% ABV). For a few more comparisons using ABV, we have the U.S.’s Busch (4.6%), Coors Original (5%), Old Milwaukee (5%), Bud Ice (5.5%), Keystone (4.4%), Keystone Ice (5.9%), and Budweiser (5%). On the Canadian side, we have Carling Black Label (4.7%), Grizzly Canadian Lager (5.4%), Moosehead (5%), Labatt Ice (5.6%), O’Keefe Canadian (4.9%), and Molson Canadian (5%). However, some Americans prefer their beer with a little extra kick, and United States brewers have delivered. For instance, the kind people at Dogfish Head make the 120 Minute IPA with an ABV of 20%, while the evil geniuses at Sam Adams have created Utopias, a brew that boasts a whopping 27% ABV. Of course, Canadian brewers are no slouches and their breweries have produced some hefty quaffs, too, including Trafalgar’s Critical Mass Double/Imperial IPA with its 17% ABV, and the aptly named but apparently discontinued Korruptor (ABV 16%). As you can see from this, both nations boast brewers that make beers with a variety of alcohol levels, but there really is very little difference between the nations’ respective brewers when you average them all out. This, perhaps, should not come as a surprise as most would like to be able to drink several beers while socializing or watching sporting events, rather than become completely hammered off just one or two beers. As a result, the sweet spot for this type of recreational drinking tends to be in that 4%-6% ABV range favored by brewers the world over. At this point, you might be wondering where the myth that Canadian beers contained significantly more alcohol than beers made in the United States came from. And, indeed, the U.S. also has the reputation among other nations of having weak beers, not just in comparison to Canada, despite the alcohol levels in reality being pretty similar on the whole to every other beer drinking nation in the world. So what gives? It is generally thought that this comes from the fact that Canada (and most everywhere else) lists the alcohol levels in their beers by the aforementioned alcohol by volume (ABV). As with many metrics, the United States initially bucked the trend and went with alcohol by weight (ABW)- the weight of the alcohol in a drink divided by the total weight. The key thing to note here is that alcohol is lighter than water (about 0.79 g/cc at standard pressure and temperature vs. 1.0 g/cc of water). The result is that the ABW in beers is going to be equal to roughly 4/5 of the ABV. To illustrate, if you have a typical 12 ounce bottle of beer that is listed at a 5% ABV, 5% of that 12 ounces in the bottle is going to be alcohol. On the other hand, take that same bottle, but now list it by ABW and because alcohol weighs about 4/5 of water, by weight, it’s then only going to be about 4% of the total weight of the beer in the bottle. It’s the same amount of alcohol in the bottle, but if you don’t pay attention to whether it’s ABV or ABW, one looks like less than the other. With most beers in the United States classically listing their beer by ABW, instead of ABV, this ultimately led to people thinking beer from the United States had about 20% less alcohol on average than their international counterparts. Today, of course, most brewers in the United States go with alcohol by volume, but the undeserved reputation for weaker beers has endured nonetheless.

Contents

Breweries in Canada

Name Province/Territory City Founded Notes Ref
Agassiz Brewing Manitoba Winnipeg 1998 Closed in 2010
All or Nothing Brewhouse Ontario Oshawa 2014
Jesuit Brother Ambroise Quebec Quebec 1646 Closed; first brewer in New France
Amsterdam Brewing Company Ontario Toronto 1986
La Barberie Quebec Quebec City 1995
Bavarian Brewing Company Limited Newfoundland & Labrador St. John's 1932 Closed in 1962
Beau's All Natural Brewing Company Ontario Vankleek Hill 2006
Belgh Brasse Quebec Amos 1999
Cameron's Brewing Company Ontario Oakville 1997
The Bennett Brewing Company Newfoundland & Labrador St. John's 1827 Closed in 1962
Big Rock Brewery Alberta Calgary 1985
Brading Brewery Ontario Ottawa 1865 Merged into Brewing Corporation of Ontario in 1930. Brewery closed in 1970.
La Brasserie du Roi (The King's Brewery) Quebec Quebec City 1668 Closed in 1674; founded by Jean Talon [1]:21–22
Les Brasseurs du Nord Quebec Blainville 1987
Les Brasseurs RJ Quebec Montreal 1998
Brick Brewing Company Ontario Kitchener 1984
Carling O'Keefe Ontario Toronto 1930 Originally formed as Brewing Corporation of Ontario, became Canadian Breweries in 1936. One of the "Big Three" of Canadian brewing formed by buying or merging smaller competitors. Became Carling O'Keefe in 1973. Merged with Molson in 1989
Central City Brewers & Distillers British Columbia Surrey 2003
Le Cheval Blanc Quebec Montreal 1986 Merged in 1998 to form Les Brasseurs RJ
Collective Arts Brewing Ontario Hamilton
Columbia Brewery British Columbia Creston 1898 Purchased by Labatt in 1974
Cool Beer Brewing Company Ontario Etobicoke 1997
Creemore Springs Ontario Creemore 1987 Acquired by Molson in 2005
Dawes Brewery Quebec Lachine 188 Acquired by National Breweries in 1920s, acquired by Canadian Breweries in 1952, brands discontinued in 1997
Dominion Brewery Ontario Toronto 1878 Acquired by Canadian Breweries in 1930, closed in 1936
Dow Breweries Quebec Quebec City 1790 Originally Dunn Brewery, renamed William Dow & Co. on death of Thomas Dunn. Acquired by National Breweries in 1920s, acquired by Canadian Breweries in 1952, brands discontinued in 1997
F&M Brewery Ontario Guelph 1995 Closed in 2018
Farmery Estate Brewery Manitoba Neepawa 2012
Formosa Springs Brewery Ontario Formosa 1994 various owners, independent as of May 2018 [2]
Fort Garry Brewing Company Manitoba Winnipeg 1994
Granville Island Brewing British Columbia Vancouver 1984
Great Lakes Brewery Ontario Toronto 1987
Great Western Brewing Company Saskatchewan Saskatoon 1989 Founded in 1927 as Hub City Brewing Company
Half Pints Brewing Company Manitoba Winnipeg 2006
Hogsback Brewing Company Ontario Ottawa 2010 Closed in 2018
Kavanaugh and Company Newfoundland & Labrador St. John's 1890 Closed in 1936
Alexander Keith's Brewery Nova Scotia Halifax 1820 Sold to Oland Brewery in 1928, now owned by Anheuser-Busch InBev
King Brewery Ontario Nobleton 2002
Labatt Brewing Company Ontario London 1847 Purchased by Interbrew in 1995, now owned by Anheuser-Busch InBev
Lakeport Brewing Company Ontario Hamilton 1992 Taken over by Labatt in 2007
Lighthouse Brewing Company British Columbia Esquimalt 1998
Lindberg Brewing Company Limited Newfoundland & Labrador St. John's 1877 Closed in 1912
McAuslan Brewing Quebec Montreal 1989 Sold to Les Brasseurs RJ in 2013
Mill Street Brewery Ontario Toronto 2002 Sold to Labatt Brewing Company in 2015
Molson Brewery Quebec Montréal 1796 Merged with Coors in 2005 to form Molson Coors Brewing Company
Moosehead Breweries New Brunswick Saint John 1867
Mt. Begbie Brewing Company British Columbia Revelstoke 1996
Muskoka Cottage Brewery Ontario Bracebridge 1996
Nelson Brewing Company British Columbia Nelson 1991
Newfoundland Brewery Limited Newfoundland & Labrador St. John's 1893 Closed in 1962
Northern Breweries Ontario Sudbury 1907 Closed in 2006
Old Credit Brewing Co. Ontario Mississauga 1994 Still operating
O'Brien Brewing and Malting Company Yukon Klondike City 1904 Closed in 1919
Oland Brewery Nova Scotia Halifax 1867 Sold to Labatt Brewing Company in 1971
Paddock Wood Brewing Company Saskatchewan Saskatoon 2004
Parallel 49 Brewing Company British Columbia Vancouver 2012
Picaroons Traditional Ales New Brunswick 1995 Still operating
Louis Prud'homme's brewery Quebec Montréal 1650 Closed; just outside the walls of Fort Ville-Marie (early Montréal) [1]:23–24
Quidi Vidi Brewing Company Newfoundland & Labrador St. John's 1996 Still operating
James Ready Brewery New Brunswick Saint John 1890
Russell Brewing Company British Columbia Surrey 1995
Shaftebury Brewing Company British Columbia Vancouver 1986
Sleeman Breweries Ontario Guelph 1988 Re-establishment of family brewer dating back to 1830s. Original Sleemans during prohibition; re-established in 1988; Sold to Sapporo Brewery in 2006
Steam Whistle Brewing Ontario Toronto 2000
Steamworks Brewing Company British Columbia Vancouver 1995
Steelback Brewery Ontario Tiverton 2004 Closed in 2010
Unibroue Quebec Chambly 1991 Sold to Sleeman Breweries in 2004, now owned by Sapporo Brewery
Upper Canada Brewing Company Ontario Guelph 1985 Acquired by Sleeman Breweries in 1998
Walkerville Brewing Company Ontario Windsor 1998 Closed in 2007
Wellington Brewery Ontario Guelph 1985
Wild Rose Brewery Alberta Calgary 1996 Sold to Sleeman Breweries in 2019
Yellowbelly Brewery Newfoundland & Labrador St. John's 1846
Yukon Brewing Company Yukon Whitehorse 1997

See also

References

Further reading

  • Acker, Caroline J; and Sarah W. Tracy (2004). Altering American Consciousness: The History of Alcohol and Drug Use in the United States, 1800-2000. Amherst, Mass: University of Massachusetts Press, Print.
  • Mancall, Peter C. (1995). Deadly Medicine: Indians and Alcohol in Early America. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, Print.

Notes

  1. ^ a b Sneath, Allen Winn (2001). ""Brewing in the New Land"". Brewed in Canada. Toronto and Oxford: Dundurn Group. pp. 23–24.
  2. ^ https://www.canadianbeernews.com/2018/05/04/formosa-springs-brewery-reopens-under-new-ownership/

Sources

External links

This page was last edited on 26 October 2019, at 15:11
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