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List of Nobel laureates affiliated with University College London

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

University College London (front quad). As of October 2020, 34 Nobel laureates have been affiliated UCL.
University College London (front quad). As of October 2020, 34 Nobel laureates have been affiliated UCL.

This list of Nobel laureates affiliated with the University College London comprehensively shows the alumni, faculty members as well as researchers of University College London (UCL) who were awarded the Nobel Prize or the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. The Nobel Prizes, established by the 1895 will of Alfred Nobel, are awarded to individuals who make outstanding contributions in the fields of Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine.[1] An associated prize, the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel (commonly known as the Nobel Prize in Economics), was instituted by Sweden's central bank, Sveriges Riksbank, in 1968 and first awarded in 1969.[2]

As of October 2020, 34 Nobel laureates have been affiliated with University College London as alumni, faculty members and researchers, and 29 of them are officially listed as "UCL's Nobel Laureates" by the university.[3] Among the 34 laureates, 10 are UCL alumni (graduates and attendees) and 12 have been long-term academic members of the UCL faculty. University College London has the most Nobel affiliations among colleges and schools of the University of London.

Inclusion criteria

General rules

University College London
University College London

The university affiliations in this list are all official academic affiliations such as degree programs and official academic employment. Non-academic affiliations such as advisory committee and administrative staff are generally excluded. The official academic affiliations fall into three categories: 1) Alumni (graduates and attendees), 2) Long-term Academic Staff, and 3) Short-term Academic Staff. Graduates are defined as those who hold Bachelor's, Master's, Doctorate, or equivalent degrees from University College London, while attendees are those who formally enrolled in a degree program at UCL but did not complete the program; thus, honorary degrees, posthumous degrees, summer attendees, exchange students, and auditing students are excluded. The category of "Long-term Academic Staff" consists of tenure/tenure-track and equivalent academic positions, while that of "Short-term Academic Staff" consists of lecturers (without tenure), postdoctoral researchers (postdocs), visiting professors/scholars (visitors), and equivalent academic positions. At UCL, the specific academic title solely determines the type of affiliation, regardless of the actual time the position was held by a laureate.

Further explanations on "visitors" under "Short-term Academic Staff" are presented as follows. 1) All informal or personal visits are excluded from the list; 2) all employment-based visiting positions, which carry teaching/research duties, are included as affiliations in the list; 3) as for award/honor-based visiting positions, to minimize controversy this list takes a conservative view and includes the positions as affiliations only if the laureates were required to assume employment-level duty (teaching/research) or the laureates specifically classified the visiting positions as "affiliation" or similar in reliable sources such as their curriculum vita. Finally, summer visitors are generally excluded from the list unless summer work yielded significant end products such as research publications and components of Nobel-winning work, since summer terms are not part of formal academic years.

Affiliated organisations

Francis Crick Institute (formerly UK Centre for Medical Research and Innovation, or UKCMRI), founded in 2010, has no direct affiliation with University College London and thus its affiliates are not counted as affiliates of UCL.[4] However, the founding director Paul Nurse is counted in the following list since the university is a founding partner of the institute (UKCMRI).[3][5]

Nobel laureates by category

Nobel laureates in Physics

Year Image Laureate Relation Rationale
2020 Roger Penrose BSc "for the discovery that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity"
2013
Nobel Prize 24 2013.jpg
Peter Higgs Research Fellow (1956–1957), Temporary Lectureship in Mathematics (1959–1960), Honorary Fellow (2010) "for the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles"[6]
2009
Charles Kuen Kao
Charles K. Kao PhD (1965); Honorary doctorate (DSc h.c. 2010) "for groundbreaking achievements concerning the transmission of light in fibers for optical communication"[7]
1928
Owen Richardson.jpg
Owen Willans Richardson Student "for his work on the thermionic phenomenon and especially for the discovery of the law named after him"[8]
1915 William Henry Bragg (shared with Lawrence Bragg) Quain Professor of Physics (1915–1923) "for their services in the analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays"[9]

Nobel laureates in Chemistry

Year Image Laureate Relation Rationale
1967
George Porter Nobel.jpg
George Porter Visiting Professor at Department of Chemistry (1967–2002) "for their studies of extremely fast chemical reactions, effected by disturbing the equilibrium by means of very short pulses of energy"[10]
1959
Heyrovsky Jaroslav.jpg
Jaroslav Heyrovský BSc (1913), researcher (1910–1914), DSc (1921), Fellow (1927) "for his discovery and development of the polarographic methods of analysis"[11]
1955
Vincent du Vigneaud 1955.jpg
Vincent du Vigneaud Researcher, University College Hospital "for his work on biochemically important sulphur compounds, especially for the first synthesis of a polypeptide hormone"[12]
1947
Robert Robinson organic chemist.jpg
Robert Robinson Chair in Organic Chemistry (1928–1930) "for his investigations on plant products of biological importance, especially the alkaloids"[13]
1944
Otto Hahn
Otto Hahn Researcher (1904–1905) "for his discovery of the fission of heavy nuclei"[14]
1921
Frederick Soddy.jpg
Frederick Soddy Researcher (1903–1904) "for his contributions to our knowledge of the chemistry of radioactive substances, and his investigations into the origin and nature of isotopes"[15]
1904
William Ramsay
William Ramsay Chair of Inorganic Chemistry (1887–1913) "[for his] discovery of the inert gaseous elements in air, and his determination of their place in the periodic system"[16]

Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine

Year Image Laureate Relation Rationale
2014
John O'Keefe (neuroscientist) 2014.jpg
John O'Keefe Professor at the UCL Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience "for their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain"[17]
2013 James Rothman Research Professor at the Institute of Neurology (2013–) "for their discoveries of machinery regulating vesicle traffic, a major transport system in our cells"[18]
2007
Martin Evans Nobel Prize.jpg
Martin Evans PhD (1969); lecturer in Department of Anatomy and Embryology (1969–1978); Honorary doctorate (DSc h.c. 2008) "for their discoveries of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells"[19]
2001
Paul Nurse portrait.jpg
Paul Nurse Honorary Professor of School of Life and Medical Sciences "for their discoveries of key regulators of the cell cycle"[20]
1991 Bert Sakmann Researcher at Department of Biophysics (1970–1973) "for their discoveries concerning the function of single ion channels in cells"[21]
1988 James W. Black Professor and head of the Department of Pharmacology (1973–1978) "for their discoveries of important principles for drug treatment"[22]
1970
Ulf von Euler.jpg
Ulf von Euler Lecturer, Department of Biophysics (1934–1935) "for their discoveries concerning the humoral transmittors in the nerve terminals and the mechanism for their storage, release and inactivation"[23]
Bernard Katz Student; Professor and head of Department of Biophysics (1952–1978)
1963
Andrew Fielding Huxley nobel.jpg
Andrew Huxley Head of the Department of Physiology (1960–1969); Royal Society Research Professorship (1969–1983) "for their discoveries concerning the ionic mechanisms involved in excitation and inhibition in the peripheral and central portions of the nerve cell membrane"[24]
1962
Francis Crick
Francis  Crick BSc in Physics (1937), PhD student (interrupted by World War II); Honorary Fellow "for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material"[25]
1960
Peter Brian Medawar.jpg
Peter Medawar Professor of Zoology (1951–1962) "for discovery of acquired immunological tolerance"[26]
1944
Herbert Spencer Gasser nobel.jpg
Herbert Spencer Gasser Researcher "for their discoveries relating to the highly differentiated functions of single nerve fibres"[27]
1938
Corneille Heymans nobel.jpg
Corneille  Heymans Researcher "for the discovery of the role played by the sinus and aortic mechanisms in the regulation of respiration"[28]
1936
Otto Loewi nobel.jpg
Otto Loewi Researcher "for their discoveries relating to chemical transmission of nerve impulses"[29]
Henry Hallett Dale
Henry Hallett Dale Student (George Henry Lewes Studentship in Physiology); Researcher (Sharpey Scholar)
1929
Frederick Gowland Hopkins nobel.jpg
Frederick Gowland  Hopkins BSc; Associateship Examination of the Institute of Chemistry "for his discovery of the growth-stimulating vitamins"[30]
1922
Archibald Vivian Hill.jpg
Archibald Hill Professor of Physiology (1923–1951) "for his discovery relating to the production of heat in the muscle"[31]

Nobel Peace Prize laureates

As of present, UCL is not affiliated with any recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.

Nobel laureates in Literature

Year Image Laureate Relation Rationale
1913
Rabindranath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore Student at UCL Faculty of Laws "because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West"[32]

Nobel Memorial Prize laureates in Economics

Year Image Laureate Relation Rationale
2000
James Heckman.jpg
James  Heckman Distinguished Chair of Microeconometrics (2004–2008); Honorary Doctorate (2013) "for his development of theory and methods for analyzing selective samples"[33]
1989
Trygve Haavelmo.jpg
Trygve Haavelmo Student "for his clarification of the probability theory foundations of econometrics and his analyses of simultaneous economic structures"[34]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Alfred Nobel – The Man Behind the Nobel Prize". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  2. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  3. ^ a b UCL (2018-01-11). "Nobel prize winners". About UCL. Retrieved 2019-07-08.
  4. ^ "Our history". Crick. Retrieved 2019-07-08.
  5. ^ "Agreement signed to establish UKCMRI". Crick. Retrieved 2019-07-08.
  6. ^ "Peter Higgs: Curriculum Vitae". The University of Edinburgh School of Physics and Astronomy. Retrieved 31 October 2013.
  7. ^ "Nobel Lecture by Charles K. Kao" (PDF). The Nobel Foundation. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 August 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
  8. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1928". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  9. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1915". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  10. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1967". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  11. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1959". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  12. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1955". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  13. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1947". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  14. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1944". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  15. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1921". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  16. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1904". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  17. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2014". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  18. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2013". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  19. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2007". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  20. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2001". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  21. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1991". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  22. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1988". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  23. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1970". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  24. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1963". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  25. ^ [The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1963 "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1962"] Check |url= value (help). The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  26. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1960". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  27. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1944". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  28. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1938". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  29. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1936". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  30. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1929". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  31. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1922". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  32. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Literature 1913". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  33. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2000". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  34. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1989". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 August 2020.

External links

This page was last edited on 25 January 2021, at 23:19
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