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List of Nobel Peace Prize laureates

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Norwegian Nobel Institute assists the Norwegian Nobel Committee in selecting recipients of the Nobel Peace Prize and in organising the annual award in Oslo.
The Norwegian Nobel Institute assists the Norwegian Nobel Committee in selecting recipients of the Nobel Peace Prize and in organising the annual award in Oslo.

The Norwegian Nobel Committee each year awards the Nobel Peace Prize (Norwegian and Swedish: Nobels fredspris) "to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses".[1] As dictated by Nobel's will, the award is administered by the Norwegian Nobel Committee and awarded by a committee of five people elected by the Parliament of Norway.[2]

Each recipient receives a medal, a diploma, and a monetary award prize (that has varied throughout the years).[3] It is one of the five prizes established by the 1895 will of Alfred Nobel (who died in 1896), awarded for outstanding contributions in chemistry, physics, literature, peace, and physiology or medicine.[4]

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Transcription

Contents

Overview

The Peace Prize is presented annually in Oslo, in the presence of the King of Norway, on December 10, the anniversary of Nobel's death, and is the only Nobel Prize not presented in Stockholm.[5] Unlike the other prizes, the Peace Prize is occasionally awarded to an organisation (such as the International Committee of the Red Cross, a three-time recipient) rather than an individual.

The Nobel Peace Prize was first awarded in 1901 to Frédéric Passy and Henry Dunant — who shared a Prize of 150,782 Swedish kronor (equal to 7,731,004 kronor in 2008) — and, most recently, to Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad in 2018.

  • Linus Pauling, the Nobel Peace Prize laureate in 1962, is the only person to have been awarded two unshared Nobel Prizes; he won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1954.[6]
  • At 17 years of age, Malala Yousafzai, the 2014 recipient, is the youngest to be awarded the Peace Prize.

Controversy

The prize is considered the most controversial of the Nobel Prizes; with several of the selections having been criticised,[7][8] and, on 19 occasions (as of 2018), no prize was awarded.

  • Despite having been nominated five times, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi never won the Prize. Following his assassination in 1948, the committee considered awarding it to him posthumously but decided against it — and, instead, withheld the Prize that year with the explanation that "there was no suitable living candidate."[9]
  • In 1961, Dag Hammarskjöld, who died after his nomination but several months before the announcement, became the only laureate to be recognised posthumously; following this, the statutes were changed to render a future posthumous prize nearly impossible.[10]
  • In 1973, Le Duc Tho declined the Prize, because "he was not in a position to accept the Prize, citing the situation in Vietnam as his reason."[6]

Laureates

As of 2018, the Peace Prize has been awarded to 106 individuals and 24 organizations. Seventeen women have won the Nobel Peace Prize, more than any other Nobel Prize.[11] Only two recipients have won multiple Prizes: the International Committee of the Red Cross has won three times (1917, 1944 and 1963) and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has won twice (1954 and 1981).[6] There have been 19 years since its creation in which the Peace Prize was not awarded, more times than any other Nobel Prize.

Lê Đức Thọ is the only person to refuse to accept a Nobel Peace Prize.[12] He was jointly awarded the 1973 award with Henry Kissinger but declined the prize on grounds that such "bourgeois sentimentalities" were not for him[93] and that the Paris Peace Accords were not being adhered to in full.

Year Laureate Country Rationale
1901
Jean Henri Dunant.jpg
Henry Dunant   Switzerland For his role in founding the International Committee of the Red Cross[10][13]
Frederic Passy.jpg
Frédéric Passy France "[For] being one of the main founders of the Inter-Parliamentary Union and also the main organizer of the first Universal Peace Congress"[10][13]
1902
Ducommun.jpg
Élie Ducommun   Switzerland "[For his role as] the first honorary secretary of the International Peace Bureau"[10][14]
Charles Albert Gobat2.jpg
Charles Albert Gobat "[For his role as the] first Secretary General of the Inter-Parliamentary Union"[10][14]
1903
Cremer.jpg
William Randal Cremer  United Kingdom "[For his role as] the 'first father' of the Inter-Parliamentary Union"[10][15]
1904
Logo of Institut de Droit International.svg
Institute of International Law  Belgium "[F]or its efforts as an unofficial body to formulate the general principles of the science of international law"[10][16]
1905
Bertha von Suttner nobel.jpg
Bertha von Suttner  Austria-Hungary For writing Lay Down Your Arms and contributing to the creation of the Prize[10][17]
1906
President Theodore Roosevelt, 1904.jpg
Theodore Roosevelt  United States "[For] his successful mediation to end the Russo-Japanese war and for his interest in arbitration, having provided the Hague arbitration court with its very first case"[10][18]
1907
Ernesto Teodoro Moneta.jpg
Ernesto Teodoro Moneta Italy "[For his work as a] key leader of the Italian peace movement"[10][19]
Louis Renault jurist.gif
Louis Renault France "[For his work as a] leading French international jurist and a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague"[10][19]
1908
KParnoldson.jpg
Klas Pontus Arnoldson  Sweden "[For his work as] founder of the Swedish Peace and Arbitration League"[10][20]
Fredrik Bajer nobel.jpg
Fredrik Bajer  Denmark "[For being] the foremost peace advocate in Scandinavia, combining work in the Inter-Parliamentary Union with being the first president of the International Peace Bureau"[10][20]
1909
Beernaert.gif
Auguste Beernaert  Belgium "[For being a] representative to the two Hague conferences, and a leading figure in the Inter-Parliamentary Union"[10][21]
PaulBalluet.gif
Paul Henri d'Estournelles de Constant France "[For] combined diplomatic work for Franco-German and Franco-British understanding with a distinguished career in international arbitration"[10][21]
1910
IPB logo svg.svg
Permanent International Peace Bureau   Switzerland "[For acting] as a link between the peace societies of the various countries"[22][23]
1911
TMCasser.jpg
Tobias Asser  Netherlands "[For being a] member of the Court of Arbitration as well as the initiator of the Conferences on International Private Law"[10][24]
Alfred Hermann Fried nobel.jpg
Alfred Fried  Austria-Hungary "[For his work as] founder of the German Peace Society"[10][24]
1912
Elihu Root, bw photo portrait, 1902.jpg
Elihu Root[A]  United States "[F]or his strong interest in international arbitration and for his plan for a world court"[10][25]
1913
HenriLaFontaine.jpg
Henri La Fontaine  Belgium "[For his work as] head of the International Peace Bureau"[10][26]
1914 Not awarded due to World War I.
1915
1916
1917
Emblem of the ICRC.svg
International Committee of the Red Cross   Switzerland "[For undertaking] the tremendous task of trying to protect the rights of the many prisoners of war on all sides [of World War I], including their right to establish contacts with their families"[10][27]
1918 Not awarded due to World War I.
1919
President Woodrow Wilson portrait December 2 1912.jpg
Woodrow Wilson  United States "[F]or his crucial role in establishing the League of Nations"[10][28]
1920
Léon Bourgeois.jpg
Léon Bourgeois France "[For his participation] in both the Hague Conferences of 1899 and 1907" and for his work towards "what became the League to such an extent that he was frequently called its 'spiritual father'"[10][29]
1921
Hjalmar branting stor bild.jpg
Hjalmar Branting  Sweden "[F]or his work in the League of Nations"[10][30]
Christian Lous Lange.jpg
Christian Lange  Norway "[For his work as] the first secretary of the Norwegian Nobel Committee" and "the secretary-general of the Inter-Parliamentary Union"[10][30]
1922
Fridtjof Nansen LOC 03377u-3.jpg
Fridtjof Nansen "[For] his work in aiding the millions in Russia struggling against famine" and "his work for the refugees in Asia Minor and Thrace"[31][32]
1923 Not awarded
1924
1925
Austen Chamberlain nobel.jpg
Sir Austen Chamberlain[A]  United Kingdom For work on the Locarno Treaties[10][33]
Charles Dawes, Bain bw photo portrait.jpg
Charles G. Dawes[A]  United States "[F]or [work on] the Dawes Plan for German reparations which was seen as having provided the economic underpinning of the Locarno Pact of 1925"[10][33]
1926
Aristide Briand 2.jpg
Aristide Briand France For work on the Locarno Treaties[10][34]
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1989-040-27, Gustav Stresemann.jpg
Gustav Stresemann Germany
1927
Ferdinand Buisson 1924.jpg
Ferdinand Buisson France "[For] contributions to Franco-German popular reconciliation"[10][35]
Ludwig Quidde nobel.jpg
Ludwig Quidde Germany
1928 Not awarded
1929
FrankKellogg.jpg
Frank B. Kellogg[A]  United States "[F]or the Kellogg-Briand pact, whose signatories agreed to settle all conflicts by peaceful means and renounced war as an instrument of national policy"[10][36]
1930
Nathan Söderblom nobel.jpg
Nathan Söderblom  Sweden "[F]or his efforts to involve the churches not only in work for ecumenical unity, but also for world peace"[10][37]
1931
Jane Addams profile.jpg
Jane Addams  United States "[F]or her social reform work" and "leading the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom"[10][38]
Nicholas Murray Butler ppmsca.03668.jpg
Nicholas Murray Butler "[For his promotion] of the Briand-Kellogg pact" and for his work as the "leader of the more establishment-oriented part of the American peace movement"[10][38]
1932 Not awarded
1933
Norman Angell 01.jpg
Sir Norman Angell[A]  United Kingdom For authoring The Great Illusion and for being a "supporter of the League of Nations as well as an influential publicist [and] educator for peace in general"[39]
1934
1910 Arthur Henderson.jpg
Arthur Henderson "[F]or his work for the League, particularly its efforts in disarmament"[10][40][41]
1935
Carl von Ossietzky.jpg
Carl von Ossietzky[B]  Germany "[For his] struggle against Germany's rearmament"[10][42]
1936
Carlos Saavedra Lamas.jpg
Carlos Saavedra Lamas  Argentina "[F]or his mediation of an end to the Chaco War between Paraguay and Bolivia"[10][43]
1937
Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood - Project Gutenberg eText 15306.jpg
The Viscount Cecil of Chelwood  United Kingdom For his work with the League of Nations[10][44]
1938
Flag of the League of Nations (1939).svg
Nansen International Office for Refugees  League of Nations For its work in aiding refugees[45]
1939 Not awarded due to World War II.
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
Emblem of the ICRC.svg
International Committee of the Red Cross   Switzerland "[F]or the great work it has performed during the war in behalf of humanity"[46]
1945
Hull-Cordell-LOC.jpg
Cordell Hull  United States "[For] his fight against isolationism at home, his efforts to create a peace bloc of states on the American continents, and his work for the United Nations Organization"[47]
1946
EmilyGreeneBalch.jpg
Emily Greene Balch "Formerly Professor of History and Sociology; Honorary International President, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom"[48]
John Raleigh Mott, 1910.jpg
John Raleigh Mott "Chairman, International Missionary Council; President, World Alliance of Young Men's Christian Associations"[48]
1947
Quaker star-T.svg
The Quakers (represented by Friends Service Council and American Friends Service Committee)[49][50] "compassion for others and the desire to help them"[49]
1948 Not awarded because "there was no suitable living candidate." (A tribute to the recently assassinated Gandhi in India.)[9]
1949
John Boyd Orr nobel.jpg
The Lord Boyd-Orr  United Kingdom "Physician; Alimentary Politician; Prominent organizer and Director, General Food and Agriculture Organization; President, National Peace Council and World Union of Peace Organizations"[51]
1950
Ralph Bunche - 1963 March on Washington.jpg
Ralph Bunche  United States "Professor, Harvard University Cambridge, MA; Director, division of Trusteeship, U.N.; Acting Mediator in Palestine, 1948"[52]
1951
Léon Jouhaux nobel.jpg
Léon Jouhaux France "President of the International Committee of the European Council, vice president of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, vice president of the World Federation of Trade Unions, member of the ILO Council, delegate to the United Nations"[53]
1952
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-D0116-0041-019, Albert Schweitzer.jpg
Albert Schweitzer "Missionary surgeon; Founder of Lambaréné (République de Gabon)"[54]
1953
General George C. Marshall, official military photo, 1946.JPEG
George C. Marshall  United States "General President American Red Cross; Former Secretary of State and of Defense; Delegate U.N.; Originator of [the] 'Marshall Plan'"[55]
1954
Emblem of the United Nations.svg
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees  United Nations "An international relief organization founded by the U.N. in 1951"[56]
1955 Not awarded
1956
1957
Lester B. Pearson with a pencil.jpg
Lester Bowles Pearson  Canada "former Secretary of State for External Affairs of Canada; former President of the 7th Session of the United Nations General Assembly";[57] "for his role in helping to end the Suez conflict and trying to solve the Middle East question through the United Nations."[10]
1958
Georges Pire 1958.jpg
Dominique Pire  Belgium "Father in the Dominican Order; Leader of the relief organization for refugees "L'Europe du Coeur au Service du Monde""[58]
1959
Philip Noel-Baker 1942.jpg
Philip Noel-Baker  United Kingdom "Member of Parliament; lifelong ardent worker for international peace and co-operation"[59]
1960
Albert Lutuli nobel.jpg
Albert Lutuli  South Africa
(Born in Southern Rhodesia)
"President of the African National Congress,"[60] "was in the very forefront of the struggle against apartheid in South Africa."[10]
1961
Dag Hammarskjöld.jpg
Dag Hammarskjöld[C]  Sweden "Secretary General of the U.N.,"[61] awarded "for strengthening the organization."[10]
1962
Pauling.jpg
Linus Pauling  United States "for his campaign against nuclear weapons testing"[62]
1963
Emblem of the ICRC.svg
International Committee of the Red Cross   Switzerland For their work in the protection of human rights in the ICRC's 100 years of existence.[63]
Emblem of the IFRC.svg
League of Red Cross Societies
1964
Martin Luther King Jr NYWTS.jpg
Martin Luther King, Jr.  United States Campaigner for civil rights, "first person in the Western world to have shown us that a struggle can be waged without violence." King spent his time working in various areas of the civil rights movement; from equal education to economic disenfranchisement of minorities. King also organized the March on Washington, where he gave his famous “I Have a Dream Speech”.[64]
1965
UNICEF Logo.svg
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)  United Nations "An international aid organization." [65]
1966 Not awarded
1967
1968
René Cassin nobel.jpg
René Cassin  France "President of the European Court for Human Rights"[66]
1969
Flag of ILO.svg
International Labour Organization  United Nations [67]
1970
Norman Borlaug (cropped).jpg
Norman E. Borlaug  United States "International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center;"[68] "for his contributions to the "green revolution" that was having such an impact on food production particularly in Asia and in Latin America."[10]
1971
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F057884-0009, Willy Brandt.jpg
Willy Brandt  West Germany "Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany; for West Germany's Ostpolitik"[69]
1972 Not awarded
1973
Henry Kissinger.jpg
Henry Kissinger  United States
(Born in Germany)
"For the 1973 Paris agreement intended to bring about a cease-fire in the Vietnam war and a withdrawal of the American forces"[10][70]
LeDucTho1973.jpg
Lê Đức Thọ[D] Vietnam (North)
1974
Seán MacBride 1984.jpg
Seán MacBride  Ireland
(Born in France)
"President of the International Peace Bureau; President of the Commission of Namibia."[71] "For his strong interest in human rights: piloting the European Convention on Human Rights through the Council of Europe, helping found and then lead Amnesty International and serving as secretary-general of the International Commission of Jurists"[10]
Satō Eisaku.jpg
Eisaku Satō  Japan "Prime Minister of Japan,"[71] "for his renunciation of the nuclear option for Japan and his efforts to further regional reconciliation"[10]
1975
RIAN archive 25981 Academician Sakharov.jpg
Andrei Sakharov[E]  Soviet Union "[for his] struggle for human rights, for disarmament, and for cooperation between all nations"[72]
1976
Betty Williams.jpg
Betty Williams  United Kingdom "Founder[s] of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement (later renamed Community of Peace People)"[73]
Mairead Corrigan Gaza crop.jpg
Mairead Corrigan
1977 Amnesty International "[for] protecting the human rights of prisoners of conscience"[10][74]
1978
Anwar Sadat cropped.jpg
Mohamed Anwar Al-Sadat  Egypt "for the Camp David Agreement, which brought about a negotiated peace between Egypt and Israel"[75]
Menachem Begin 2.jpg
Menachem Begin  Israel
 Poland
(Born in Russia)
1979
MotherTeresa 090.jpg
Mother Teresa  India
(Born in Skopje, now  North Macedonia)
"Founder of Missionaries of Charity"[76]
1980
Adolfo Pérez Esquivel agosto 2011.jpg
Adolfo Pérez Esquivel  Argentina "Human rights leader;"[77] "founded non-violent human rights organizations to fight the military junta that was ruling his country (Argentina)."[10]
1981
Emblem of the United Nations.svg
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees  United Nations "An international relief organization founded by the U.N. in 1951"[78]
1982
ARB-Alva-Myrdal.jpg
Alva Myrdal  Sweden "[for] their magnificent work in the disarmament negotiations of the United Nations, where they have both played crucial roles and won international recognition"[79][80]
Alfonso Garcia Robles 1981.jpg
Alfonso García Robles  Mexico
1983
Lech Walesa OAF Visit.jpg
Lech Wałęsa Poland "Founder of Solidarność; campaigner for human rights"[81]
1984
Desmond tutu 20070607 2.jpg
Desmond Tutu  South Africa "... as a unifying leader figure in the campaign to resolve the problem of apartheid in South Africa. ... Through the award of this year's Peace Prize, the Committee wishes to direct attention to the non-violent struggle for liberation to which Desmond Tutu belongs, a struggle in which black and white South Africans unite to bring their country out of conflict and crisis."[82]
1985 International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War  United States For "authoritative information and by creating an awareness of the catastrophic consequences of atomic warfare. The committee believes that this in turn contributes to an increase in the pressure of public opposition to the proliferation of atomic weapons and to a redefining of priorities, with greater attention being paid to health and other humanitarian issues."[83]
1986
Elie Wiesel.jpg
Elie Wiesel  United States
(Born in Romania)
"Chairman of "The President's Commission on the Holocaust""[84]
1987
OscarArias.jpg
Óscar Arias  Costa Rica "for his work for peace in Central America, efforts which led to the accord signed in Guatemala on August 7 this year"[85]
1988 United Nations Peace-Keeping Forces  United Nations "[for] their efforts [that] have made important contributions towards the realization of one of the fundamental tenets of the United Nations"[86][87]
1989
Dalai Lama at WhiteHouse (cropped).jpg
Tenzin Gyatso,
14th Dalai Lama
 India
(Born in Tibet)[88]
"In his struggle for the liberation of Tibet [he] consistently has opposed the use of violence. He has instead advocated peaceful solutions based upon tolerance and mutual respect in order to preserve the historical and cultural heritage of his people."[89][90]
1990
Mikhail Gorbachev 1987.jpg
Mikhail Gorbachev  Soviet Union General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and President of the Soviet Union, "for his leading role in the peace process which today characterizes important parts of the international community"[91]
1991
Aung San Suu Kyi.jpg
Aung San Suu Kyi[F]  Burma "for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights"[92]
1992
Rigoberta Menchu Tum.JPG
Rigoberta Menchú  Guatemala "for her work for social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples"[93]
1993
Nelson Mandela-2008.jpg
Nelson Mandela  South Africa "for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa"[94]
Frederik Willem de Klerk.jpg
Frederik Willem de Klerk
1994
ArafatEconomicForum.jpg
Yasser Arafat  Palestine
(Born in Egypt)
"to honour a political act which called for great courage on both sides, and which has opened up opportunities for a new development towards fraternity in the Middle East."[95]
Yitzhak Rabin (1986) cropped.jpg
Yitzhak Rabin  Israel
Shimon Peres World Economic Forum 2007.jpg
Shimon Peres  Israel
(Born in Poland)
1995
Josef Rotblat ID badge.png
Joseph Rotblat  Poland "for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and, in the longer run, to eliminate such arms"[96]
Peace sign.svg
Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs  Canada
1996
Carlosbelo.jpg
Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo  East Timor "for their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor."[97]
EastTimor.JoseRamosHorta.01.jpg
José Ramos-Horta
1997 Icbl english.pdf International Campaign to Ban Landmines   Switzerland "for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines"[98]
JodyWilliamsMay2010.jpg
Jody Williams  United States
1998
John Hume 2008.jpg
John Hume  Ireland "for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland"[99]
David Trimble.jpg
David Trimble  United Kingdom
1999
MSF HQ.jpg
Médecins Sans Frontières   Switzerland "in recognition of the organization's pioneering humanitarian work on several continents"[100]
2000
Kim Dae-jung (Cropped).png
Kim Dae-jung  South Korea "for his work for democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea in particular"[101]
2001
Emblem of the United Nations.svg
United Nations  United Nations "for their work for a better organized and more peaceful world"[102]
Kofi Annan, Photo: Harry Wad
Kofi Annan  Ghana
2002
US Navy 050811-N-0653J-006 Former President Jimmy Carter looks over the navigation table in the control room of his namesake ship, the Sea Wolf-class attack submarine USS Jimmy Carter (SSN 23).jpg
Jimmy Carter  United States "for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development"[103]
2003
Shirin Ebadi - Fronteiras do Pensamento São Paulo 2011 (5839607998, cropped).jpg
Shirin Ebadi  Iran "for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children."[104]
2004
Wangari Maathai in Nairobi.jpg
Wangari Muta Maathai  Kenya "for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace"[105]
2005
Flag of IAEA.svg
International Atomic Energy Agency  United Nations "for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way"[106]
Mohamed ElBaradei.jpg
Mohamed ElBaradei  Egypt
2006
Professor Muhammad Yunus- Building Social Business Summit (8758300102).jpg
Muhammad Yunus  Bangladesh "for advancing economic and social opportunities for the poor, especially women, through their pioneering microcredit work"[107]
Grameen Bank
2007 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change  United Nations "for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change"[108]
Al Gore.jpg
Al Gore  United States
2008
Martti Ahtisaari.jpg
Martti Ahtisaari  Finland "for his efforts on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts"[109]
2009
Official portrait of Barack Obama.jpg
Barack Obama  United States "for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples."[110]
2010 Liu Xiaobo  China "for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China"[111]
2011
Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, April 2010.jpg
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf  Liberia "for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work"[112]
Leymah-gbowee-at-emu-press-conference.jpg
Leymah Gbowee
Tawakkul Karman (2011).jpg
Tawakkul Karman  Yemen
2012
Flag of Europe.svg
European Union  European Union "for over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe."[113]
2013 Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons  Netherlands[114] "for its extensive efforts to eliminate chemical weapons."[115]
2014
Kailash Satyarthi.jpg
Kailash Satyarthi  India "for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education"[116]
Malala Yousafzai at Girl Summit 2014.jpg
Malala Yousafzai  Pakistan
2015
Tunisian national dialogue (October 2012).jpg
Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet  Tunisia "for its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution of 2011"[117]
2016
Juan Manuel Santos in 2018.jpg
Juan Manuel Santos  Colombia "for his resolute efforts to bring the country's more than 50-year-long civil war to an end, a war that has cost the lives of at least 220,000 Colombians and displaced close to six million people"[118]
2017 International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons   Switzerland "for its work to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and for its ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition of such weapons"[119].
2018
Denis Mukwege par Claude Truong-Ngoc novembre 2014.jpg
Denis Mukwege  Democratic Republic of the Congo "for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict"[120]
Nadia Murad in Washington - 2018 (42733243785) (cropped).jpg
Nadia Murad  Iraq

See also

Notes

A Elihu Root, Austen Chamberlain, Charles G. Dawes, Frank B. Kellogg, and Norman Angell were all awarded their respective Prizes one year late because the Committee decided that none of the nominations in the year in which they are listed as being awarded the Prize met the criteria in Nobel's will; per its rules the Committee delayed the awarding of the Prizes until the next year, although they were awarded as the previous year's Prize.[25][33][36][39]
B Carl von Ossietzky's Prize was awarded in absentia because he was refused a passport by the government of Germany.[121]
C Dag Hammarskjöld's Prize was awarded posthumously.
D Lê Đức Thọ declined to accept the Prize.[70]
E Andrei Sakharov's Prize was awarded in absentia because he was refused a passport by the government of the Soviet Union.[122]
F Aung San Suu Kyi's Prize was awarded in absentia because she was being held prisoner by the government of Burma. Following her release from house arrest and election to the Pyithu Hluttaw, Suu Kyi accepted her award in person on 16 June 2012.[123]
G Liu Xiaobo's Prize was awarded in absentia because he was imprisoned in China.[124]

References

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