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List of Nazi Party leaders and officials

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of Nazi Party (NSDAP) leaders and officials.



(from left) Philip Bouhler, Karl Freiherr Michel von Tüßling, Robert Ley with his wife Inge; Munich, July 1939
(from left) Philip Bouhler, Karl Freiherr Michel von Tüßling, Robert Ley with his wife Inge; Munich, July 1939






  • Karl Gebhardt – Personal physician of Heinrich Himmler; one of the main perpetrators of surgical experiments performed on concentration camp inmates at Ravensbrück and Auschwitz.
  • Achim Gercke – Expert on racial matters at the Ministry of the Interior. Devised the system of racial prophylaxis, forbidding intermarriage between Jews and Aryans.
  • Kurt Gerstein – SS officer; member of the Waffen-SS Institute for Hygiene; witnessed mass murders in Nazi extermination camps; gave information to Swedish diplomat Göran von Otter and Roman Catholic Church officials to inform the international public about the Holocaust; in 1945 wrote the Gerstein Report about the Holocaust; afterward allegedly committed suicide while in French custody.
  • Herbert Otto Gille – SS-Obergruppenfuhrer; Waffen-SS General. Awarded the Knight's Cross with Oakleaves, Swords and Diamonds and the German Cross in Gold, became the most highly decorated Waffen SS member during World War II.
  • Odilo Globocnik – SS-Obergruppenführer; prominent Austrian Nazi; later an SS leader in Poland; head of "Operation Reinhard"; one of those responsible for the murder of millions of people during the Holocaust.
  • Richard Glücks – SS officer; inspector of concentration camps.
  • (Paul) Joseph Goebbels – One of Adolf Hitler's closest associates and most devout followers, known for zealous oratory and antisemitism. Minister for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda throughout the Third Reich and World War II. Named Reich Chancellor in Hitler's will, a position he held for only one day before his own suicide.
  • Hermann Göring – Hitler's designated successor (until expelled from office by Hitler in late April 1945); Luftwaffe (German Air Force) commander. As Reichsmarschall, highest-ranking military officer in the Third Reich; sole holder of the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross; sentenced to death by the Nuremberg Tribunal but committed suicide hours before his scheduled hanging; World War I veteran as ace fighter pilot; participated in the Beer Hall Putsch; founder of the Gestapo.
  • Amon Goeth – SS-Hauptsturmführer. Nazi concentration camp commandant at Płaszów, General Government, German-occupied Poland.
  • Robert Ritter von Greim – German Field Marshal, pilot and last Luftwaffe commander succeeding the deposed Hermann Göring in the last days of World War II.
  • Arthur Greiser – Chief of Civil Administration; Gauleiter, Greater Poland military district.
  • Walter Groß – Chief of the Nazi Party (NSDAP)'s Racial Policy Office. Implicated in the Final Solution.
  • Kurt Gruber – First chairman of the Hitler Youth (1926–1931).
  • Hans Friedrich Karl Günther – Academic, teaching racial theory and eugenics.
  • Franz Gürtner – Minister of Justice responsible for co-ordinating jurisprudence in the Third Reich.


  • Eugen Hadamovsky – National programming director for German radio; chief of staff in the Nazi Party's Central Propaganda Office (Reichspropagandaleitung) in Berlin from 1942 to 1944.
  • Heinrich Hager SA-Oberführer. Elected at Reichstag 1932 to his death in 1941. Leader of SA Brigade 77.
  • Ernst Hanfstaengl – Confidant and early supporter of Adolf Hitler.
  • Karl Hanke – Governor (Gauleiter) of Lower Silesia from 1941 to 1945; the last Reichsführer-SS (after Himmler was deposed by Hitler) for a few days (late April and early May) in 1945.
  • Fritz Hartjenstein – SS-Obersturmbannführer. Concentration camp commandant at Auschwitz-Birkenau, Natzweiler and Flossenbürg.
  • Paul Hausser – SS-Oberstgruppenführer; Generaloberst der Waffen-SS. First commander of the military SS-Verfügungstruppe that grew into the Waffen-SS, in which he was a prominent field commander.
  • Franz Hayler – State Secretary and acting Reich Economics Minister during the latter part of World War II.
  • Martin Heidegger – Eminent philosopher; NSDAP member who supported Hitler after he became Chancellor in 1933.
  • Erhard Heiden – Founding member of the Schutzstaffel (SS); its third Reichsführer from 1927 to 1929.
  • August Heißmeyer – Leading SS member.
  • Rudolf Hess (not to be confused with Rudolf Höß) – Deputy Führer to Hitler until his flight to Scotland on the eve of the German invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941.
  • Walther HewelDiplomat; personal friend of Hitler.
  • Werner Heyde – Psychiatrist; one of the main organizers of the T-4 Euthanasia Program.
  • Reinhard Heydrich – SS-Obergruppenführer; General der Polizei, Chief of the RSHA or Reichssicherheitshauptamt (Reich Main Security Office: including the Gestapo, SD and Kripo police agencies); Stellvertretender Reichsprotektor (Acting Reich-Protector) of Bohemia and Moravia. He was Himmler's "right-hand man", and considered a principal architect of the Night of the Long Knives and the Final Solution. Assassinated in Prague in 1942 by British-trained Czech commandos.
  • Konstantin Hierl – Head of the Reichsarbeitsdienst; associate of Adolf Hitler before he came to power.
  • Erich Hilgenfeldt – Head of the Nazi Party's Office For People's Welfare.
  • Heinrich HimmlerReichsführer-SS. As head of the SS, Chief of the German Police and later the Minister of the Interior, one of the most powerful men in the Third Reich.
  • Hans Hinkel Journalist; Commissioner at the Reich Ministry for the People's Enlightenment and Propaganda.
  • August Hirt – Chairman at the Reich University in Strasbourg; instigated a plan to build a study-collection of specialized human anatomical specimens from over 100 murdered Jews. Allied discovery of corpses, paperwork and statements of laboratory assistants led to war crimes trial preparation, which he avoided through suicide.
  • Adolf Hitler – Politician; leader of the National Socialist German Workers' Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, abbreviated NSDAP), commonly known as the Nazi Party. Absolute dictator of Germany from 1934 to 1945, with titles of Chancellor from 1933 to 1945 and head of state (Führer und Reichskanzler) from 1934 to 1945.
  • Hermann Höfle – Deputy to Odilo Globocnik in the Aktion Reinhard program. Played a key role in the "Harvest Festival" massacre of Jewish inmates of various labor camps in the Lublin district of Nazi-occupied Poland in early November 1943.
  • Rudolf Höß (not to be confused with Rudolf Hess) – SS-Obersturmbannführer; Commandant of Auschwitz concentration camp.
  • Franz HoferGauleiter of the Tyrol and Vorarlberg regions.
  • Adolf Hühnlein – Korpsführer (Corps Leader) of the National Socialist Motor Corps (NSKK), from 1934 until his death in 1942.
  • Karl Holz (Nazi) – protege of rabid antisemitic journalist Julius Streicher; succeeded him as Gauleiter of Franconia.
  • Franz Josef Huber – former Munich political police department inspector with Heinrich Müller; in 1938 appointed chief of the State Police (SiPo) and Gestapo for Vienna and the "Lower Danube", and "Upper Danube" regions of Austria.










  • Fritz SauckelGauleiter of Thuringia, General Plenipotentiary for Labour Deployment (1942–45)
  • Hjalmar Schacht – Horace Greeley Hjalmar Schacht (1877–1970) was a German economist, banker and liberal politician, who served as the Currency Commissioner and President of the Reichsbank under the Weimar Republic. He was a fierce critic of his country's post-World War I reparation obligations. Schacht became a supporter of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party, and served in Hitler's government as President of the Reichsbank and Minister of Economics. As such, Schacht played a key role in implementing the policies attributed to Hitler. Since he opposed the policy of German re-armament spearheaded by Hitler, Schacht was first sidelined and then forced out of the Third Reich government beginning in December 1937; therefore, he had no role during World War II. Schacht became a fringe member of the German Resistance to Hitler and was imprisoned by the Nazis after the 20 July plot in 1944. Following the war, Schacht was tried at Nuremberg and acquitted.
  • Paul Schäfer – Hitler Youth member and Wehrmacht corporal, subsequently convicted for multiple charges of child sex abuse in Chile.
  • Gustav Adolf Scheel – SS Brigadeführer, Gauleiter and Nazi 'multifunctionary'.
  • Walther Schellenberg – SS-Brigadeführer who rose through the SS as Heydrich's deputy. In March 1942, he became Chief of Department VI, SD-foreign branch, which, by then, was a department of the RSHA. Later, following the abolition of the Abwehr in 1944, he became head of all foreign intelligence.
  • Hans Schemm – Gauleiter and member of the Reichstag. Died in a plane crash in 1935.
  • Wilhelm Schepmann – SA Obergruppenführer and Stabschef.
  • Max Scheubner-Richter – most senior Nazi killed during the Beer Hall Putsch, ideologue and mentor to Alfred Rosenberg.
  • Baldur von Schirach – leader of Hitler Youth (1931–40), Gauleiter of Vienna (1940–45).
  • Franz Schlegelberger – Jurist and Reich Minister of Justice (1941–1942)
  • Carl Schmitt – Philosopher, jurist, and political theorist.
  • Kurt Schmitt – Economic leader and Reich Economy Minister (1933–1934)
  • Paul Schmitthenner – Architect and city planner.
  • Gertrud Scholtz-Klink – Leader of the National Socialist Women's League (1934–1945)
  • Wilhelm Freiherr von Schorlemer – SA-Obergruppenführer. Member of the constituency of the National Socialist Reichstag. Leader of SA Group "Danube". (1938-1945)
  • Julius Schreck – Co-founder of the SA, first commander of the SS. Later Hitler's personal chauffeur.
  • Franz Xaver Schwarz – National Treasurer of the NSDAP 1925–1945 and head of the Reichszeugmeisterei or National Material Control Office. Promoted to SS-Oberstgruppenführer in 1944.
  • Heinrich Schwarz – Commandant of Auschwitz III-Monowitz concentration camp from 1943 to 1945.
  • Siegfried Seidl – Commandant of the Theresienstadt (1941–1943) and Bergen-Belsen (1943–1944) concentration camps.
  • Franz Seldte – Reich Minister for Labour from 1933 to 1945
  • Arthur Seyss-Inquart – Austrian Nazi; upon being appointed Chancellor in 1938 he invited in German troops resulting in his country's annexation. Later deputy to Hans Frank in the General Government of occupied Poland (1939–40), and Reichskommissar of the Netherlands (1940–44). Convicted of war crimes and hanged by the Nuremberg Tribunal.
  • Gustav Simon – Nazi Gauleiter and Chief of Civil Administration in Luxembourg from 1940 to 1944.
  • Franz Six – Chief of Amt VII, Written Records of the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (RSHA) which dealt with ideological tasks. These included the creation of anti-semitic, anti-masonic propaganda, the sounding of public opinion and monitoring of Nazi indoctrination by the public.
  • Albert Speer – architect for Nazis' offices and residences, Party rallies and State buildings (1932–42), Minister of Armaments and War Production (1942–45).
  • Franz Stangl – Commandant of the Sobibor (1942) and Treblinka (1942–1943) extermination camps.
  • Johannes Stark – German physicist and Physics Nobel Prize laureate who was closely involved with the Deutsche Physik movement under the Nazi regime.
  • Otto Steinbrinck – Industrialist and bureaucrat.
  • Felix Steiner – SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Waffen-SS. He was chosen by Himmler to oversee the creation of, and command the volunteer Waffen-SS Division, 5th SS Panzer Division Wiking.
  • Walter Stennes – the Berlin commandant of the Sturmabteilung (SA), who in the summer of 1930 and again in the spring of 1931 led a revolt against the NSDAP in Berlin as these SA members saw their organization as a revolutionary group, the vanguard of a socialist order that would overthrow the hated Republic. Both revolts were put down and Stennes was expelled from the Nazi Party. He left Germany in 1933 and worked as a military adviser to Chiang Kai-shek.
  • Gregor Strasser – early prominent German Nazi official and politician. Murdered during the Night of the Long Knives in 1934.
  • Otto Strasser – early prominent German Nazi official and politician. Otto Strasser, together with his brother Gregor Strasser, was a leading member of the party's left-wing faction, and broke from the party due to disputes with the dominant "Hitlerite" faction.
  • Julius Streicher – founder and editor of anti-semitic Nazi newspaper Der Stürmer (1923–1945), Gauleiter of Franconia (1929–40).
  • Karl Strölin – Lord Mayor of Stuttgart (1933–1945) and Chairman of the 'Deutsches Ausland-Institut' (DAI)
  • Jürgen Stroop – SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS und Polizei. Stroop's most prominent role was the suppression of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, an action which cost the lives of over 50,000 people.
  • Wilhelm Stuckart – Jurist, State Secretary and attendee at the Wannsee Conference.
  • Otto von Stülpnagel – Military Commander in France from 1940 to 1942.
  • Friedrich Syrup - Jurist and politician, who served as Reich Minister for Labour from 1932 to 1933.



  • Fritz Wächtler, politician and Gauleiter of the eastern Bavarian administrative region of Gau Bayreuth.
  • Otto Wächter, Austrian lawyer and high-ranking member of the SS. He was appointed to government positions in Poland and Italy. In 1940 68,000 Jews were expelled from Krakow, Poland and in 1941 the Kraków Ghetto was created for the remaining 15,000 Jews by his decrees.
  • Otto Wagener, soldier and economist. Was successively Chief of Staff of the SA, head of the Party Economic Policy Section, and Reich Commissar for the Economy. Subsequently, served at the front, reaching the rank of Generalmajor.
  • Adolf WagnerGauleiter of München-Oberbayern and Bavarian Interior Minister
  • Gerhard Wagner – Leader of the Reich Physicians' Chamber from 1935 to 1939.
  • Josef WagnerGauleiter of the Gau of Westphalia-South, and as of January 1935 also of the Gau of Silesia. In 1942 he was expelled from the Nazi Party.
  • Robert Heinrich Wagner – Gauleiter of occupied Alsace from 1940 to 1944.
  • Wilhelm Weiß – SA-Obergruppenführer and editor-in-chief of the Nazi Party's official newspaper, the Völkischer Beobachter.
  • Horst WesselSturmführer in the Berlin SA and author of the Horst-Wessel-Lied ("Die Fahne Hoch"), the Party anthem. Elevated to martyr status by Nazi propaganda after his 1930 murder– by Communists or by a rival pimp, according to their opponents.
  • Max Winkler-Reich Commissioner for the German Film Industry
  • Christian Wirth – SS-Obersturmführer. He was a senior German police and SS officer during the program to exterminate the Jewish people of occupied Poland during World War II, known as "Operation Reinhard". Wirth was a top aide of Odilo Globocnik, the overall director of "Operation Reinhard" (Aktion Reinhard or Einsatz Reinhard).
  • Hermann Wirth – Dutch-German historian and scholar of ancient religions and symbols. He co-founded the SS-organization Ahnenerbe, but was later pushed out by Heinrich Himmler.
  • Eduard Wirths – Chief camp physician at Auschwitz concentration camp from 1942 to 1945
  • Karl Wolff – SS-Obergruppenführer and General der Waffen-SS. He became Chief of Personal Staff to the Reichsführer-SS (Heinrich Himmler) and SS Liaison Officer to Hitler until his replacement in 1943. From 1943 to 1945, Wolff was the Supreme SS and Police Leader of the 'Italien' area. By 1945 Wolff was acting military commander of Italy, and in that capacity negotiated the surrender of all the forces in the Southwest Front.
  • Alfred Wünnenberg – SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Waffen-SS und der Polizei. Commander of the SS-Polizei-Division, 1941-1943; Chief of the Ordnungspolizei (Orpo), 1943–1945 after Kurt Daluege suffered a massive heart attack.


See also


This page was last edited on 11 November 2020, at 18:25
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