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  • ✪ 1967: The Year of Fire and Ice
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Transcription

>>Good afternoon, I’m David Ferriero, Archivist of the United states and it’s a pleasure to welcome you to the William G. McGowan theater whether you are here in person or joining us on our YouTube station. And a special welcome to our C-Span audience. Before we hear about Victor Brooks’ new book, 1967: The Year of Fire and Ice, I’d like to tell you about two other programs coming up here next month. On Wednesday January 10th at 7pm Henry Louis Gates, Jr. and Maria Tater will be here to tell us about their new book, Annotated African‑American folk tales. The illustrated book celebrates nearly 170 stories across several continents and is a kaliedescopic study of the African‑American folklore tradition. On Friday January 12th at noon legal historian Paul Finkelman will speak about his books Supreme Injustice which highlights the three most important Supreme Court justices before the Civil War, John Marshall, Roger B. Taney and Joseph Story and the pro-slavery positions they have upheld in their rulings. To learn more about these and all of our public programs and exhibits consult our monthly calendar of events on-line at archives.gov or check our website or sign up to get e‑mail updates you will find information about other National Archives programs and activities and another way to get more involved in the National Archives is to become a member of the National Archives Foundation. The foundation supports all of our education and outreach activities and their applications for membership in the lobby also, in November we opened the Exhibit Remembering Vietnam which explores the Vietnam war through historical records and contemporary interviews with American and Vietnamese veterans and civilians by opening in 2017 and continuing through 2018 we mark the 50th anniversary of the height of America's war in Vietnam. In 1967 hundreds of thousands of U.S. troops were on the ground in Vietnam while at home anti-war sentiments became more vocal. As a large cohort of the baby boomer generation entered its twenties the generation gap heightened during the summer of love. To learn more about these definitive events and popular culture of 1967 we now turn to today's guest author Victor Brooks, in his book 1967 The Year of Fire and Ice. Mr. Brooks is an internationally recognized author of 14 books on military history, political history and the history of children and education and history of American popular culture. His passion for these areas of research dates back to the childhood when the Brooks family visited Gettysburg and Europe. In addition, Dr. Brooks is a professor of education at Villanova University. He received an undergraduate degree in history from La Salle University. He received his masters, and doctorate of education degree from the University of Pennsylvania. Ladies and gentlemen please welcome Victor Brooks. {applause} >> Thank you so much for coming today. I am very very honored that all of you could take from your very busy schedules to come to listen to me and a little bit of the background for this book I was 19 years old in 1967 started and was in college and therefore I was old enough to know what was going on in the world but not old enough to know things too much about say the economy or the stock market and it was more what was the newest rock band and what was on TV and how I was going to get along with my parents and so on. This book is kind of a combination of several things of what I am going to be doing today from my book is basically three thing that are very heavily related to one another. One is the popular culture of the time which is under going and enormous change in 1967 the second is the impact of the baby boom on what is starting to be called a generation gap that's starting to develop at this time and finally fitting in well with the Exhibit here is the Vietnam war and some of the research I did on the war during 1967 and how it's set up many of the major changes right after at the end of the 1967 including the very famous Tet offense which changed the entire course of the war. I would like to share with you some of the research findings I discovered and much of my research was done using a lot of the magazines and journals at the time, Life, Newsweek and even TV guide magazine. I discovered all kinds of interesting things. I probably made a huge profit for E bay sending away for some of these things even read 17 magazine and Teen Screen you know all kinds of things like that. So it's kind of a very very varied group of sources that I have been able to find, so first of all I want to talk about the popular culture at the time and how 1967 is such a major watershed in the 1960's. Basically what happens in 1967 first of all in television is that a huge, huge technological breakthrough had just occurred. 20 years after effectively network television started in roughly about 1947 and in the fall of 1966 for what is called it had 1967 television station all three of the major networks ABC, NBC and CBS went over to entirely color television before this the vast majority of programs were in black and white and there for American consumers were kind of loath buy a color television sets to see a few shows like Bonanza, the Rose Bowl and the World Series. It cost three to four times what a black and white television cost. Therefore they said this isn't worth it. In the fall of 1966 for what is called 67 season they all three networks agreed to go entirely to color and the only exception for a few weeks is a show I called I dream of Jeannie where and American astronaut finds as Genie in a bottle on the beach. When she comes out of the bottle the special effects were so technically advanced they didn't know how to put it in color yet, so for awhile I dream of Jeannie was the last black and white hold out which I find interesting 'til they could figure it out how to get it right. As far as the television at this time some of the research I came up was very interesting was first of all how in 1959 Life magazine ran a cover story in September about the new television season in 1959 and in that year they mentioned was a record 30 westerns as regular series, Gun Smoke, Have Gun Will Travel, Bonanza and so on. Theoretically I checked it out on TV guides from that time. You could actually pretty much if you only wanted to watch westerns if you were just willing to flip channels you can watch a western the whole week every week or every time period. By 1967 the western was starting to become somewhat of a dinosaur and the new hero of by 1967 is the spy concept. There's this enormous switch partially by the enormous impact of James Bond movies and similar events so by 1967 the westerns are getting slowly pushed to the edge while the new shows are some of the ones that some of you may remember if you are old enough are things like for example Mission Impossible, I Spy and another one was a parody was called Get Smart in which it's a very very bumbling secret agent and all of these shows many like this are shows that essentially trade the cowboy for a glamorous spy, sometimes shot in foreign countries for example with I Spy or in the case of the long running Man from UNCLE usually shot on a Hollywood location in which they simply show like stock footage or have a thing like somewhere in South America or something like that and it was a back lot that they were doing this. These became the new kind of super heroes of television. There was Robert Vaughn and David MaCallum as Napoleon Solo and Ilia Kieriackan from the Man from UNCLE and so on and in a major social change Robert Culp and Bill Cosby an African‑American shared top billing and I Spy which was a major breakthrough at that time. The spy genre is replacing the cowboy or western genre. A second thing is the emergence of science fiction. For the first time as a major portion of television programming and basically the most famous of these because there have been so many follow up movies and then remakes of the movies after that is the show Star Trek. Star Trek started out on a Thursday night in the fall of 1966 and almost immediately gained quite a bit of attention and they had this fabulous pairing off of Mr. Spok and captain Kirk one very emotional and the other unemotional Vulcan and in essence this is almost like the show Wagon Train except it was wagon train in space instead of moving across the frontier it was moving across the galaxy. That did well enough that the other networks quickly jumped in and they had Lost in Space and similar shows some of the other ones that came up with at that time one was call it the Time Tunnel which was a very interesting concept in which two young professors experimenting with a time machine which goes awray and throws them in the past with no way of getting back to 1966 or 1967, and again, using a quite a bit of stock footage they landed on the Titanic and the two young scientist are trying to tell the captain to watch out for the iceberg of course it doesn't work and also the young sexy professor fall ins love with a young lady that has terminal brain cancer so she doesn't care either way and so on. These are the other kinds of show that is were very very big and basically these are the two major television formats in the new color genre at this time okay. So in movies it's the same time, amazingly the motion picture industry was very very worried when television started that had no one would go to the movies any more, by 1967 found that hadn't happened. The movies offered big screens and more adult plots and more challenging plots than television could provide. In 1967 on the other hand the also were very much into spy movies and certainly the leading one of these was the latest James Bond saga at this time called You Only Live Twice. What's interesting about this particular movie was a very very daring thing that they actually took the book which was filmed or made entirely in Japan and indeed filmed it in Japan with and almost entirely Japanese cast other than Sean Connery playing James Bond. Most of the earlier Bond movies had well known actors from Britain or the United States or Europe. This for the first time had all Japanese actors, plust James Bond on top of it very successful and very good special effects that was not the only spy movie of 1967 there's a number of almost parodies of spy movies for example one of these parodies is called In Like Flint which was a follow up to the very successful Our Man Flint which takes and American version of James Bond and by and actor by the name of James Coburn, and does it with a very very light touch in which whatever gadgets James Bond has Garrett Fint has things times one hundred or something. The plot lines are very two dimensional okay. James Coburn of the same year in 67 starred in another spy movie called the President's Analyst in which he has the very interesting job of being the analyst for the President of the United States and it turns out as part of the kind of satire in the movie that every single countries secret agents want to capture him to get all the information about what the President has told him in his deepest thoughts and yet it's kind of a dark comedy but a very successful movie. James Coburn had a very good 1967. Also, at the same time there was a very significant change in film of two traditional areas where war movies and westerns and movie Theaters and there's a significant change that starts to happen in what we call action movies in 1967 and this is a lot of unwritten rules of how much violence or sexual content a movie could have started to get stretched quite a bit in 1967 in those two genres. One very classic example is a very very profitable movie called the Dirty Dozen and this goes on and interesting concept right before D day 12 convicted military felons who all face death penalties are told their sentence will be commuted if they will volunteer for a semi‑suicide mission to go into Normandy the night before D day and go to a basically a kind of rest camp for high ranking German generals and simply go in and shoot as many generals as they can. Now interestingly enough Life magazine did a very interesting critique. The Life magazine movie critics say the movie itself is quite exciting but would essentially break the Geneva convention. They wondered about the morality of this order. Both sides were talking about this. In another sense a number of other movies had that very same violent thing some of the thrillers of this time include In Cold Blood or also Wait Until Dark or How I Won the War. All of them have a very dark side to them that hadn't been seen too much before 1967 One includes essentially what we call today a serial killer, another includes essentially a psychopath zoning in on one unprotected young lady and how I won the war was actually a British film in which John Lennon of the Beatles had a fairly decent size role in it and actually dies as very horrifying death in the movie, slowly bleeding to death and the camera keeps panning in on him gradually losing life. These are thing that is hadn't been done as explicitly before in 1967 so I found that very interesting. The other part of the film industry in 1967 that was fairly new is they are starting to call the antihero and this is a hero in quotes who has a very very definite dark or a negative side to the individual. A classic example of this is Bonnie and Clyde in which two 1930's bank robbers who killed quite a few people as collateral damage in their bank holds up are shown as two sexy persons who kind of laugh, joke and talk their way through bank robberies why they are shooting down police officials and a lot of film critiques wondered is this is a good message to young American's it seems too easy to do these things and there seems to no repercussions until the end in one of the most graphic film shots up to this point they show in slow motion Bonnie and Clyde being shot to pieces by a fairly large number of federal agents and all of this stop action slow mo. It produced and interesting response from a lot of the film critics and movie goers at that time. There are also another example of the antihero was Cool Hand Luke where Paul Newman who plays a convict who is constantly attempting to escape from essentially a work gang and ends up by the end they keep putting him in a sweatbox as punishment. He keeps defying the authority and finally he dies at the end. Another kind of lighter look at kind of antihero is in the Graduate when Dustin Hoffman plays as brand new college graduate who has no clue what he wants to do with his life and it's certainly fascinating how you see shot after shot basically on a kind of a pool raft swimming around and lying around the swimming pool he doesn't know what he wants to do and one of the neighbors at a party keeps coming up and whispering in his ear - plastics that's the place you want to go and so on and it has a very controversial situation where in turn he is having and affair with his neighbor's who is wife is roughly twice his age, Mrs. Robinson which produces two big songs for Simon and Garfunkel that year. These were new frontiers for the film industry, and they were pushing the envelope quite a bit compared to earlier years. I found that interesting as something brand new in America. Now as far as sports in popular culture 1967 is a very iconic sports year and for a number of reason it is first big one is in July of 1966 the two arch enemies of professional football, The American Football league and the National Football league merged with one another in to one gigantic league including both these two subsets, and they decided as the biggest part of this is at the end of the 1966 season in early 1967 the AFL, and NFL champions would play each other in a bowl game and they went to Madison Avenue to ask what would be a good name they already have the Rose bowl and Sugar bowl, and so on and the brilliant admin says let's make it the Super Bowl. It's incredible to see how much of a run up there was to that event. First of all in and unusual situation because they CBS and NBC had contracts with each of the two leagues were the only time the Super Bowl was going to be on both networks CBS and NBC and the run up to it and at the end of almost every NBC and CBS regular show they are doing promo's watch the Super Bowl and our channel rather than the other network if there could be that much of a difference what was interesting as seen as this huge build up was a less than spectacular ending, first of all they put it in the Los Angeles coliseum at that time sat 90, 000 people. It would be very difficult to sell out and there was no Los Angeles team in the Super Bowl. Only about 60, 000 people showed up the camera men were told don't go very high with your shots because there were a lot of empty seats they didn't want to show off. Also while it was seem to be as this super challenge between the two leagues the NFL at this point still had more talent and when the Kansas City Chiefs went out against the Green Bay Packers they were hitting one of the most iconic football teams in history with Bart Starr, Paul Horney and coached by Vince Lombardi and for about a quarter the Packers kind of played with the Chiefs, and then somewhere between the end of the first quarter and half time Lombardi said we need to get seriousand it ended up a 35-10 game, certainly not the best artistic version of the Super Bowl, yet it was a Super Bowl and eventually went into sports history as the first one, and things would never be the same again. The NFL got bigger and bigger in it's new form of a unified league with gigantic television contracts, et cetera. Another huge event that occurs during the early part of 1967 is another dynasty like the Packers and this is in Westwood California on the sunny campus of UCLA University. UCLA John Wooden who was a Presbyterian deacon, didn't drink, smoke or curse curse or drink and never lost his temper, he was also rather old at this time, basically directed a group of high school super stars to a phenomenal season that year. His biggest new piece on the chess board was a person at that point called Lou Alcindor. Eventually called Kareem Abdul Jabar, he had been recruited from Power Memorial high school in New York. Which was the hotbed of high school basketball. He was considered the number one high school sensation. He was also over seven feet tall at that time he was very very tall, and he came to UCLA and in the arcane rules of those days, he had to sit out his freshman year. He played for a freshman team and then started his three years eligibility as a sophomore. In the 1966‑67 basketball season no one came close to UCLA and they swept through the season winning every non-league game by huge huge margins, and once the NCAA tournament started unlike most of the tournaments where they have the final four and the 64 teams and all the picks you have in office pools and every thing they couldn't do it because everyone already knew who was going to win the championship more than most years, and this basic opportunity to play for the championship came to a relatively little known team, called the University called Dayton, a Catholic school which happened to have struck lightening and put together five very good basketball players, and during the regular season They were quite good and on the night before Easter in 1967 and interestingly not on a network televised thing this time they still had to syndicate the championship the March madness was not as big as today. Most cities carried it but it was kind of and outside feed, but the game itself was mainly watching Lou Alcindor take on Dayton single handledly if he needed to. It was not a close game by the last few minutes they were playing with Dayton and not even trying to hit their shots so it's not a remarkable championship game but it's very interesting how the UCLA brand becomes imprinted on college basketball in the 60's this is a beginning of the Lou Alcindor era which goes onto the next three years because of his eligibility rules. Now at the same time in professional basketball interestingly enough right now the NBA has over 30 teams with 30 franchises and in 1966‑67 there were only ten NBA franchises most parts of the country did not have a professional basketball team so the play offs go about two months today the play offs were much more brief. The two best teams basically pretty much met even though the biggest rivalry in the NBA at this time was a transplanted team at one point was the Syracuse Nationals which is in amazing in the small city like Syracuse, and they moved to Philadelphia and became the 76ers. Now what's ironic is their opponent was the team that had represented Philadelphia until three years earlier they were called the Philadelphia Warriors, and three years earlier they moved to the san Francisco and now the Golden State Warriors and the 76'ers were led by Wilt Chamberlain who was one of the tallest player of his time. Who, the season before, had averaged an incredible 50 points a game. In his last year as a Warrior he had come back to Philadelphia as a 76er and the last year as a Warrior he actually in Hershey Park Arena scored a hundred points in a single game and no one has come close to doing that as a personal thing two weeks after that I had become a basketball fan I was about 13‑14 years old I talked to my non-basketball fan father in to going down with me on a subway to a place call it had Civic Center, where annually the biggest thing they have is the flower show. This is where the Warriors played and as a come back from his hundred points in that Hershey game Wilt scored 73 points and I kept the program and I still have the program and have the field goals and everything which is pretty impressive. The Warrior probably have a deeper team and the 76ers have a super star. It's and exciting series and it's the only time the 76ers were pushed for the whole season and in a long play off going right to at least a sixth game which was fairly good the 76ers manage to win this and they are now the champions of the NBA, only a ten team league, much smaller than the 30 they have or so today. Just as and end to the winter spring period the National Hockey League in 1967 had and interesting situation because it's the last year they only had 6 teams in the entire NHL and now they are called the original six now there's 31 teams by the way. Among these six teams basically huge numbers of large cities were not represented there were two Canadian teams the Maple Leafs and the Canadiens, Boston, Chicago, Detroit and New York, each had a franchise and that's it. And what happened in 1967 The Toronto Maple Leafs were who also ran for years suddenly caught magic and won the Stanley Cup and haven't won since. In Toronto 1967 is a very big year for hockey fans it was their one win and by the next year in, NHL went from six team to 12 in an instant and they doubled and created a new concept of hockey. The biggest single sports event other than the Super Bowl for sheer excitement was the 1967 World Series this is considered one of the greatest in history. It matches a powerful St. Louis Cardinals team that is loaded with players like Orlando Sepada, Bob Gibson, Roger Marris who is coming off sensational year in the Yankees.The Red Sox, and by the way, to prove this got ahold of a 1967 baseball preview magazine. and the Red Sox were picked for tenth place out of ten team American league and everybody said well the sports raters said if the Red Sox you know better luck next decade essentially they were in an eternal building process, yet the Red Sox by a huge surprise won the American league championship and went into the one of the greatest World Series in history. Each game inning by inning by inning went back and forth. Roger Marris said basically if I live to be a hundred years old I will never see a greater sports event than this, okay. No one knew who was going to win until the seventh game and each team had sensational starting pitchers but each team had sensational home run hitters Marris had 61 home runs a few years earlier. It went to a seventh game with two sets of crazed fans hanging on every pitch. The irony in 1967 of this looking back for a period of 50 years is the weekday games were literally that. Weekday games they didn't play night World Series games yet so if you wanted to watch the World Series you either had to sneak a television into your office or play hookie from school or hope that your teacher maybe brought a portable television or something like that. When you have wall to wall coverage of the play offs today. In those days huge numbers of people would only hear about the game after they got back from work. It's incredible major league baseball couldn't realize the bulk of their fans couldn't watch their games. Could you imagine the World Series game on Wednesday afternoon I can't see it any more. This is a huge change this is and iconic World Series that is a lot of people never saw which I think is kind of fascinating the difference in the last 50 years Okay. Now, the next thing I want to look at basically is the idea of the generation gap. This has a big tie into Vietnam in many respects and this ties into the sensational assembly of artifacts we have here right outside this door right now. Okay first of all a lot of writers and psychologists and other commentators were starting to talk about something called a generation gap that was developing in 1967, and the simple thing was demographics because of the baby boom virtually half of all Americans were teenagers or children. There were as many children as there were adults okay. This is a time in which the average American family is having four children that's a very normal number that's what it was in my family. We were an average family with four children. The schools ‑‑ Any of you in that group up at this time will agree with me the over crowded school was a fact of life. Teachers were brought in literally the day before the school year started because they were so short of the teachers, if a teacher quit they had no idea how to replace the teacher and so on. Class sizes often went to 50 or more in Catholic schools and I attended part of the time in Catholic schools in that period they went more like 60 or 70. During this period I did my student teaching I was in college at that time and I student taught at a junior high school in north Philadelphia and the school was designed for a thousand students and we had two thousand students and basically what I liked about it is they were on a split shift and I didn't have to get there until ten thirty but I had to teach until four so we went very late so we came in late and because they couldn't fit everybody in the school at the same time. The cafeteria had been turn into a classroom so instead of a lunch period in the cafeteria they had snacks in their room you know in our classroom we suddenly would say now you have 15 minutes to eat and so on. There were never enough school buses or teachers or anything like that. So the baby boom was having a huge impact by this time all right, so sociologist and historians and young people were all wondering where it was going to lead okay. Now in this period of time basically there's a sound track to developing, a sound track for the baby boom and a sound track for the generation gap and what happened called rock and roll music in the 1950's is now certainly called rock music all right. One of the big changes at this time is that a little known event happened in 1967 the FCC the Federal Communications Commission passed a law or a that any radio station owner who owns both an AM station and FM station two different sets of the dial up to that point they usually simulcast it on both ends on an FM 98.6 or AM 103 you got the same thing whether it's AM or FM the FCC said you have to have separate programming for each of the two stations so what happened while the AM stations played what was called top 40 rock music these were singles three minute 45 records, the FM stations started playing album oriented rock in which and entire album instead of a single was played. You were getting two forms of rock music one very short usually very bouncy three minute song, not particularly controversial and then at night you could tune in and hear the group like the Doors sing Light My Fire in the long version which tended to go on quite a long time or a song called The End which went on 11 minute as normal 45 went two and a half. These two forms of rock music are somehow coexisting with one another at this time. Most critics of music and life in general usually only talk about the kind of edgier side of rock music at this time and there is and edgy side they really do have a situation where basically the Doors go on the Ed Sullivan show and Sullivan did tell them you cannot use this stanza, we can't go no higher because higher meant drug use so Jim Morrison goes out and blatantly sings that phrase. Apparently Ed Sullivan comes up to him after the show and screams at him you will never be on the Sullivan show again and Jim Morrison turned around and said we just did the Sullivan Show. So there is this edgy side of rock n roll. A new group called Jefferson Airplane from San Francisco does very suggestive songs like White Rabbit which is Alice in Wonderland with all of the drug implications of the original book brought to the forefront. Somebody to Love in which Gracie Slick, the very, very exotic lead singer over and over in tones I need someone to love. I want somebody to love it's and exclamation point after a exclamation point and she comes out in miniskirt and vinyl boots on, it's so 1967. I have actually seen an interview with her on American Bandstand with Dick Clark, who looks kind of nonplussed after they do their act, is trying to figure out to have a conversation with these hippy musicians because it was new at this time. This is basically a new sound much of it coming out of California, Morrison from Los Angeles and groups like the Grateful Dead and Jefferson Airplane coming from San Francisco. Basically at this time they had one of the first of the true predecessors to Woodstock it's called Monterey,. And in Monterey California near the waves and the surf in the late spring of 1967 they have the first really really heavily publicized rock concert that goes multiple day, now what is interesting is to show the issues going on at that time the Rolling Stones were billed to appear and the Rolling Stones never showed up because two of the Rolling Stones were under indictment in England for drug charges and had to surrender their passports they couldn't leave the UK that was the end of the Rolling Sones coming okay. Also the Beach Boys had two of the five beach boys were essentially dodging the draft and were afraid if they showed up with too much publicity their draft board would find them. They had kind of semi disappeared. It was interesting all the things going on and other rockers who supposed to come were just "indisposed" and never showed up all right. On the other hand a person no one had ever heard of except the Beatles, Ravi Shankar, came and did about a four or five hour solo okay, sitting cross legged and just playing the sitar for hours and a lot of the people were just entranced by this they were so exotic and so on. Interestingly enough this is where Janice Joplin would becomes a super star because the big stars have not shown up. Another interesting thing is a much more mellow pop singer Dionne Warwick was supposed to come and apparently had a really really bad cold and they still debate how much she wanted to come or not wanted to come or whatever. This is the forefront of the super rock festival the moldy day Monterey is pretty much the beginning of this one of the group that is' about to break up is called the Animals, led by a guy named Eric Burden in 1967 he fell in love with San Francisco even though he was British. He comes out with a song called San Franciscan Nights basically in the song calls about in the lyrics I wasn't born here but I may die here but there's no other place to go. In other words come to San Francisco. Another somewhat hippy looking singer by the name of Scott McKenzy came up with a huge hit called San Francisco Wear Some Flowers in your Hair. This is an open invitation for all of America or the world to come to come to where the action is, in San Francisco. And the San Franciscans knew they had a gigantic tourist thing here, so interestingly enough, along with a so called hippies. They had visitors such as George Harrison and his wife showed up and wandered around hippy center of Haight Ashbury and fans poured out to hear like an impromptu concert. On the other hand, the research I did, found out that every two blocks was an emergency health center because hepatitis and similar kinds of maladies were breaking out so fast because of the drug use they were worried they were going to have the gigantic death toll by the end of the summer. Yet at the same time, the senior citizens were literally doing bus tours of Haight-Ashbury taking photos of this new animal called the hippy. And people would come and say I want to go get a good shot of a picture of a hippy and some of the so called hippies were charging for the photos so they were perfectly willing to accept money there. This was the summer of love. This is the epicenter for the generation gap of 1967. San Francisco was the place to be at this time okay. So I found it pretty interesting as far as that goes. On the other hand regular rock or rock N roll music still had a much softer side to it. This is the period where you have the emerging of Neil Diamond who is still a winner in the nightclub circuit. His first big hit was You Got To Me that year. You have Spanky and Our Gang with a song called Sunday Will Never be the Same. It's a mellow song. Nancy Sinatra, the daughter of Frank Sinatra, comes up with a very mellow song very retro to the 40s called Sugar Town and so on so interestingly enough a lot of rock music is not as divisive as you might think. A lot of music historians I think have cherry picked a little bit there and only looked at the ones that seem to divide more than unified okay. That's one of the things I came out with the research I got a hold of Billboard magazine has a compilation you can send away for every top one hundred song of the entire 1960s and I sat down there and went down the charts to see what was big. There's very mellow songs like the 59th Street Bridge song by Harpers Bazaar. Feeling Groovy, and there's another song called Snoopy versus the Red Baron by a group called the Royal Guardsmen. Hardly the stuff of drug use and so on. So one of the things I am intimating here it's a much more complex scene than you would think okay, so basically there is on the other hand a generation gap. There's no doubt about it. One of the big issues among students especially in high schools and middle schools is long hair is starting to take over. Yet principals, teachers and some of the parents are not amused by that. This is also, this has been going on since when the Beatles started to take the fore. And, by the way, Just as a sideline in 1967 as all of these events are happening in the United States the Beatles are making an enormous change in their entire existence. In 1966 they do their last concerts several of them, by the way a,t American baseball parks. And by 1967 they decide to retreat strictly to the studio. I managed to get a hold of a number of firsthand accounts of the nights, and they did everything at night. They were nocturnal creatures the night they put together the Sergeant Pepper album. It's interesting to see little snippets of each of the Beatles as they are drifting apart. Reporters mention how Ringo Starr had spent much of his money on a collection of antique swords and during the recording was waving his new swords around and, in turn, how George Harrison was alternating between thinking of new songs and eating huge amounts of pasta nonstop and so on and each Beatle was becoming different from the next Beatle. Paul McCartney was starting to talk about getting married and yet coming out with extremely new versions of their songs this is when you get Lucy in the Sky with Diamondss did it really stand for L S D nobody was sure. Sergeant Pepper is the most controversial album at this point and that's all people talk about what do the lyrics really mean. This is the first full scale concept album that becomes super controversial and in it and I have the original copy of it have the lyrics of every song. The Beatles appear in what is the hippiest out fits the old suits and ties they wore are now long gone these are the new Beatles they don't leave the studio music history has very much changed on that all right. Now, for the so called kids there is a sense of rebellion here there's so many of them they start to realize the parents might actually be afraid of them and the faculty might be afraid of them there's so many of them. Schools start to make compromises. They tell students for example you don't have to have super short hair for boys it can't be longer than below your ears for side burns. You can have longer hair but there's a limit. Young ladies are told they can have miniskirts but not too mini there's a certain literal number of inches around the knee you are allowed to use and so on and there's all these long number of restrictions we will let you go this far and no further. There's also a new concept called teen disco's this is the discotheque all right. They now have teen discotheques one was only four miles from my house they had rock groups and loud music but no alcoholic drinks for everybody under 21 that 95 % of the students smoked all the time instead while they were there. Now all of this leads to the confrontation over Vietnam it was becoming a dividing country okay. Basically I did a quite a bit of original research about the Vietnam War and 1967 is often passed over because 68 Tet offensive takes much more time and much more press time. In is 1967 general William Westmoreland was overseeing a U.S. Army that was adding 10,000 re‑enforcements almost every month by the end of the year it was going to come up to 20, 000 reinforcements every month. At the beginning of the 1967 the whole U.S. force in Vietnam was between 2 and 300,000. At the end of 1967 it was almost 500,000. What's happening is contrary to I think some kind of mythology there was actually was in place a strategy to try to win the war. The big thing that had happened in 1967 is that they, the American command wanted to keep the Vietcong out of the cities, and they wanted to protect the food supplies for those city sos many of the battles in 1967 occur around rivers. The rivers that lead into the major cities where all the barges are coming in with food. Interestingly enough in many respects there's a retro concept back to the Civil war. Much of 1967 there is whats called the riverine war and basically American troops are on boats or even small ships going up and down the delta and the different rivers and many of the magazines picked up on this and talked about how this was a retro back to the Civil war. They actually started using boats called monitors like gun boats and things like that and actually in those cases the Vietcong and north Vietnamese regulars were often caught off guard by that fire power that these boats could go anywhere. This is also where they use air calvary and people coming out of nowhere on helicopters. Much of the press at this time says this is the fastest moving force since the seventh calvary in the wild west and they equated with that. They interestingly enough had some of the biggest parachute landings of the war entire armored divisions or airborne divisions were coming out of the middle of nowhere and hitting the Vietcong and North Vietnamese regulars when they weren't ready. The other side of the coin is that the same time the high command the Vietcong and north Vietnam in Hanoi are coming up with the idea of drawing the American forces away from the population areas to the borders of Vietnam and this is gradually called the border war and much of the fighting in 1967 is up at the DMZ in the north and along the border of Cambodia in the west. The American's are winning these battles one of the battles I found in one particular provincial capitol in which an entire Vietnam force took over the city for about one day and an interestingly enough their headquarters were the local country club and the Vietcong soldiers were washing the clothes in the their clothes in the swimming pool while they were swimming around. They thought they were perfectly safe. But what happened was an American armored force and airborne force came in on top of them they were fighting through the town and into the streets and through the country club and out onto a rubber plantation. It reminded me very much of civil war battles going through the trees and firing at each other, and these are not swamps or jungles it's much closer to with a you might seen in and American war in the United States. One of the myths I saw a little bit is the Vietnam of 1967 is not a war that has no strategy what so ever. They do have a strategy what they don't fully realize is that interestingly enough the communists are losing so many men they decided on a giant roll of the dice. This leads to the Tet offensive. Americans pulled most of their forces out of the cities and the Vietcong are going to go into the cities and this becomes the seminal thing of 1968. I also found an interesting difference in 1967 William Westmoreland was called back by President Johnson to give a speech to a joint session of congress and virtually everybody in Congress rose up and gave him standing ovation after standing ovation, they saw him as a true leader. At the same time his daughter was going to school at Radcliffe‑Harvard and she was getting ready to take the train down to have dinner with her father in Washington and as she was leaving she saw a huge bonfire being lit on Harvard yard she walked over to see what it was and It was her father being burned in effigy. This must have been a very strange experience for her. Again a very interesting thing that congress is saying you are doing a great job yet on the schools you see a massive anti‑Vietnam. This comes to a conclusion and I saw part of this out in the Exhibit is in October of 1967 is the first massive March on Washington. Various numbers between 20, 000 and two hundred thousand are given. The average seems to be about 70, 000 these people come to protest the war and toss in their draft cards and show they are upset about the war the most humorous part is Abby Hoffman, one of the leaders of the Yippies, the youth international party attempted with great fanfare to levitate the Pentagon which is kind of very interesting. And the other part is A number of young ladies dropped flowers down the barrel of some of the soldiers. By the way, both sides were very polite at that time. What you are seeing in 1967 is the event that turned the country into almost a battlefield in 1968 are building up but nobody know what is going to happen the next year. As we approach the end of this year very few of us know what 2018 will be. The same thing in 1967 very few people knew what this was going to bring. With that point I want to open it up for any questions at this time. {applause} >> Thank you very muc,Two questions first one is about simulcasting in AM and FM I don't know if you had depth of that? They had both options what was purpose when that changed place if you are simulcasting why would die hards stay with AM or FM. >> Officials in the FCC saw that a broadcasting license was a very very important commodity there was a finite number given out. They felt that the owners of these stations were cheating by you know basically having one set of programming you know so again, a lot of the owners were kind of upset and their best plan then okay we will switch they had to hire more announcers and disk jockeys they actually gained because the audiences were huge because a lot of young people I would rather list to the album they had far fewer commercials okay. >> So it wasn't technology it was just they were talking about content changes from that perspective. >> The technology itself actually what happened was the transistor radio by this time had become the like the IPhone today. You didn't go anywhere without a transistor radio what this allowed you to do is have more of a choice of music. When I see my students they have IPhones I go back a little bit I was attached to a transistor radio much of the time. For many young people it was a way of showing older people we have a sound track. When you are talking about Glen Miller we have got something better. In fact that gives you and idea. >> The second question you talked about the broadcasters is there more to it then hey let's all get together we are competing and switch to color is there one that says we are ready to do this and the others were concerned about that that seems more of a consolidation effort from a competitive aspect when they switched from color to black and white. >>One of the things is, I think it's like chicken versus the egg, NBC also had tie-ins with RCA making television sets and what happened was the color television sets were very expensive a lot of Americans were complaining why should I buy one of these when I can watch one color program a night at most. Filming in color was far more expensive. They must have done a cost benefit analysis I never seen the analysis on this. The last holding was CBS didn't want to do it. At one point they said they are going to stay in black and white. And at the last minute when they were getting programs together They broke and said okay we are going to go with you. Interestingly enough my sisters in the audience with me we still remember the day very near the end of 1966 and early 67 when we had a color television arrive as a Christmas present at our house the first thing we saw was Hollywood squares and the X's and O's were yellow and we saw Star Trek for the first time in color. was and it was literally I think when you agree were sitting there entranced it was like Dorothy going to Oz. That's what we thought about when Dorothy goes from Kansas from O, suddenly there's a whole new dimension here. >> This is kind of a process question I teach classes in the 70's to adults. >> You are ahead of me a bit. >> I do 80's too. >> One of the reasons I do that 70's don't get the respect they deserve a lot of classes on the 60's and 80's and at the same time you know that a lot of attention is given to 1968 >> Very much that's why I wrote this book by the way. >> You just asked and answered my question. >> I will give you a secret here. What happened was I probably read 1968 and 69 book ever came out. I kept thinking and actually one of my previous books is called The Last Season of Innocence, it's about teens in the 60's when I found when I was doing the research is all of these cool things happening in 67 and I looked around and actually I wanted to steel ideas on someone who wrote a book from 67 it didn't exist. So I talked to my publishers after they said oh they looked around and chatted and said go ahead. >> So you saw a marketing option out there. >> I'm no marketing genius but I said hey any year in the 60's by the way hint hint there's not much on 63 and I ‑‑ they are still debating on whether they want to do it because there's so many events, but there's not on 63 either. >> The other question I had those of us who teach about decades we think about when a decade begins so people say 50's ended in November of 1963 so there's a lot of discussion. Do you think the 60's ended in 1967? >> I go more with your 70's I think 60's ended in the 70s okay. In the many respects I see that 60's is going from 1959 to maybe about Watergate or something like that. I have a fairly extended version of it. There's and awful lot that happens in the early 70's that amazingly similar so a lot of attitudes and everything of the 70's I see this longer than a shorter even with this book I start on Halloween of 66 and I go to the first day of the Tet offensive in 68. If I do a 63 book I will start with the Cuban missile crisis in 62 and go with the Beatles going to New York in January of 1964. I am going more longer than compressed. I drive my students nuts not to remember that. I have a course on the 60's. Why do you have books from the 59 or 71 because I want to. I see it more as an extended thing. >> Thank you very much. >> I enjoyed your talk immensely. I have two short questions. The first is you mentioned Abby Hoffman in the levitation of the Pentagon. Wasn't Allen Ginsberg one of the key persons in that? >> Absolutely in my book I get more details. Ginsberg is there a lot of royalty of the counterculture is there. The iconic photo of Abby Hoffman trying to levitate and everybody carries that with a memory that's why I brought it up. I talk a little bit more in the book about a lot more going on and the biggest thing they never come up with a good number of how many showed up and I would like the 70, 000 that they have here in the Exhibit that's a good middle ground. I am being honest I was trying to find a good number and everything was from 20, 000 to 200, 000. There were other people wandering around on the edge. and also Norman Mailer running out of ideas for a book and he wanders around for a book and he's high half the time or drunk half the time. He goes and kind of a semi‑stupor called Armies of the night and he won a Pulitzer or something he came out better than anybody and he came out in one nights and a couple days he had one of his biggest books. He was almost using these people as backdrops to win a best seller. He is probably the most famous of the people who's wandering around and yet you can't get a lot of pictures of him he's drifting so fast. He's trying to get a feel for what he wants for his book. >> Good, second question you mentioned science fiction TV shows particularly Star Trek becoming big in 67. Also wasn't there a Rod Serling's the Twilight Zone in the 50's. >> Very much so. Here's the deal I am a big fan of the Twilight Zone it came in the fall of 1959. The only difference I see with this is most pop culture or TV history writers are never sure whether to put that in fantasy horror or science fiction if you know it was and anthology and some of them are there's like the monsters are doing maple street and those are clearly space invaders. They have guys who are purple jump suits and a flying saucer and they turn off the power in a town and they start killing each other because people they each of them are the alien there's other more ghost stories and coming back from the dead so some of them are fantasy where a guardian angel comes down on a person who's down. In the moment Serling is in semiretirement by 67 Twilight Zone is not on the air. By 63 book that would be one I would talk about is the twilight thing. It's 63 is the only year they did hour long episodes. >> Thank you I look forward to 63 book. >> Thank you all so much for coming by the way. I also want to show my appreciation to my twin sisters who are also authors they started doing book talks before I ever did and they have been gracious to come down with me. We all teach at villa NOVA. One of my sisters is business school I am a historian I am in the education Department I do history of education. I am gratified to be able to come to this. I thank you so much. I never know whether people know who I am or not and I glad I had this great opportunity. I hope you all stay safe in the snow. I will be glad to sign any books if anybody wants anything signs. Okay thank you so much. Just a reminder folks the book signing is one level up at the book signing store. 15 % off, good Christmas present. We will see you up there.

Contents

1960s

1965[1]

  1. Curt Gowdy/Paul Christman
  2. Jim Simpson/George Ratterman
  3. Charlie Jones/Elmer Angsman
  4. Herb Carneal/Andy Robustelli

1966[2]

  1. Curt Gowdy/Paul Christman
  2. Jim Simpson/George Ratterman
  3. Charlie Jones/Elmer Angsman
  4. Lou Boda/Lee Grosscup

1967[3]

  1. Curt Gowdy or Charlie Jones/Paul Christman or Kyle Rote (Week 12)[4]
  2. Jim Simpson/Kyle Rote
  3. Charlie Jones/George Ratterman
  4. Jay Randolph or Lou Boda/Elmer Angsman

1968[5]

  1. Curt Gowdy or Charlie Jones/Kyle Rote or Al DeRogatis
  2. Jim Simpson/Al DeRogatis, Elmer Angsman, Kyle Rote or George Ratterman
  3. Charlie Jones/Al DeRogatis, George Ratterman or Elmer Angsman
  4. Jay Randolph/Elmer Angsman, George Ratterman or Chris Burford
  5. Bill Enis/George Ratterman, Al DeRogatis, Chris Burford or Elmer Angsman
  6. Len Dillon/Chris Burford (Week 10, Kansas City-Cincinnati)
  7. Bill Mazer/George Ratterman (Week 10, Miami-Buffalo)

Curt Gowdy, Kyle Rote, Jim Simpson and Al DeRogatis would work double-duty in Week 13:

  • Gowdy and Rote: Houston-Kansas City on Thursday, Miami-NY Jets on Sunday
  • Simpson: Buffalo-Oakland (Thursday w/Al DeRogatis), Cincinnati-Boston (Sunday w/Elmer Angsman)
  • DeRogatis: Buffalo-Oakland, San Diego-Denver (Sunday w/Charlie Jones)
  • The trio of Gowdy, Rote and DeRogatis would each also work two games in Week 1. All three teamed to call Cincinnati-San Diego on Friday night,[6] DeRogatis would team with Charlie Jones for Boston-Buffalo on Sunday,[7] and Gowdy and Rote would call Kansas City-Houston on Monday night.[8] The trio would also broadcast Super Bowl III.
  • Late in the season, there were a number of double-duty weeks by announcers. In Week 14, Simpson and DeRogatis called Buffalo-Houston on Saturday, then the following day Simpson called Denver-Oakland while DeRogatis called Cincinnati-NY Jets. The following week, DeRogatis again pulled double-duty, calling Kansas City-Denver on Saturday (with Charlie Jones), then joining Jim Simpson for Oakland-San Diego the next day. Jones called Boston-Houston with George Ratterman also that week.

#1 Announce Team Notes:

  • DeRogatis called The Heidi Game with Curt Gowdy in Week 11 (Rote joined Jim Simpson for San Diego-Buffalo).
  • Charlie Jones substituted for Gowdy in Week 5 (Boston-Oakland), while Gowdy called Game 4 of the 1968 World Series.

1969[5]

  1. Curt Gowdy or Charlie Jones/Kyle Rote or Al DeRogatis
  2. Jim Simpson/Al DeRogatis, Elmer Angsman, Kyle Rote, George Ratterman or Dave Kocourek
  3. Charlie Jones/George Ratterman, Al DeRogatis or Elmer Angsman
  4. Jay Randolph/Elmer Angsman, George Ratterman, Dave Kocourek or Al DeRogatis
  5. Bill Enis/Dave Kocourek, Elmer Angsman or George Ratterman

Charlie Jones and Jim Simpson worked double-duty during Week 12:

  • Jones: Denver-Kansas City (Thursday w/Elmer Angsman), Miami-Boston (Sunday w/Al DeRogatis)
  • Simpson: San Diego-Houston (Thursday w/Al DeRogatis), Cincinnati-Buffalo (Sunday w/Dave Kocourek)

With this being the final season before the AFL-NFL merger, this was also the final season where both leagues would have Thanksgiving doubleheaders. Starting in 1970, only two games would be played on Thanksgiving, with the Lions and Cowboys hosting those games, and an AFC team rotating as the visiting team between Detroit and Dallas every year.

#1 Announce Team Notes:

  • Charlie Jones substituted for Curt Gowdy during Week 5 (NY Jets-Cincinnati), while Gowdy called Game 2 of the 1969 World Series.
  • Al DeRogatis substituted for Kyle Rote in Weeks 9 (San Diego-Kansas City) and 11 (Oakland-Kansas City). Rote paired with Jim Simpson in both instances.

1970s

1970[9]

  1. Curt Gowdy, Bill Enis or Charlie Jones/Kyle Rote
  2. Jim Simpson or Charlie Jones/Al DeRogatis
  3. Charlie Jones, Ross Porter or Bill O'Donnell/George Ratterman or Dave Kocourek
  4. Bill Enis/Dave Kocourek, George Ratterman or Johnny Morris
  5. Jay Randolph/Johnny Morris, Gordy Soltau or Dave Kocourek
  6. Ross Porter or Dave Martin/Willie Davis
  7. Bill O'Donnell/Dave Kocourek
  • After this season, Al DeRogatis and Kyle Rote swapped positions; resulting in DeRogatis being the #1 color commentator and Rote being the #2 analyst.

1971[9]

  1. Curt Gowdy or Charlie Jones/Al DeRogatis
  2. Jim Simpson/Kyle Rote
  3. Charlie Jones or Bill Enis/George Ratterman, Willie Davis or Johnny Morris
  4. Jay Randolph/George Ratterman, Willie Davis, Paul Maguire or Dave Kocourek
  5. Ross Porter/Willie Davis
  6. Bill Enis, Ross Porter or Al Michaels/Dave Kocourek
  7. Al Michaels, Ross Porter or Bill Enis/Johnny Morris
  8. Bill Enis or Al Michaels/Paul Maguire (Weeks 7, 10)

1972[9]

  1. Curt Gowdy or Charlie Jones/Al DeRogatis
  2. Jim Simpson/Kyle Rote
  3. Charlie Jones or Ross Porter/George Ratterman
  4. Bill Enis, Jay Randolph or Ken Coleman/Paul Maguire
  5. Jay Randolph, Ken Coleman or Ross Porter/Dave Kocourek
  6. Ross Porter, Jay Randolph or Bill Enis/Willie Davis
  7. Ken Coleman/Alan Miller (Week 3)

1973[9]

  1. Curt Gowdy, Charlie Jones or Bill Enis/Al DeRogatis
  2. Jim Simpson, Bill Enis or Jay Randolph/Kyle Rote
  3. Charlie Jones or Al Michaels/Sam DeLuca
  4. Jay Randolph/Paul Maguire, Johnny Morris, Mike Haffner or Alan Miller
  5. Ross Porter/Willie Davis
  6. Bill Enis, Al Michaels or Bill O'Donnell/Dave Kocourek
  7. Bill Enis/Paul Maguire (Weeks 8, 12-13)
  8. Ken Coleman/Sam DeLuca (Week 4) or Alan Miller (Week 8)

1974[9]

  1. Curt Gowdy, Jim Simpson or Jay Randolph/Al DeRogatis/Don Meredith (Weeks 3, 7-8, 11-12, 14)
  2. Jim Simpson or Charlie Jones/John Brodie/Don Meredith (Week 13)
  3. Charlie Jones, Al Michaels or Bill O'Donnell/Sam DeLuca
  4. Jay Randolph/Paul Maguire
  5. Ross Porter/Willie Davis
  6. Al Michaels/Mike Haffner
  7. Bill O'Donnell/Johnny Morris
  • This was the final season of what would be Al Michaels' first stint with NBC.
  • Don Meredith comes over to NBC from ABC's Monday Night Football. He would join Curt Gowdy and Al DeRogatis for the playoffs and Super Bowl IX. He also worked that year's Thanksgiving game between Denver and Detroit. In Week 13, he joined Jim Simpson and John Brodie to call Cleveland-Dallas.

1975[9]

  1. Curt Gowdy or Charlie Jones/Al DeRogatis and/or Don Meredith
  2. Jim Simpson/John Brodie or Al DeRogatis/Don Meredith (Week 5)
  3. Charlie Jones or Bill O'Donnell/Sam DeLuca or John Brodie
  4. Jay Randolph or Bill O'Donnell/Paul Maguire or Sam DeLuca
  5. Ross Porter or Jay Randolph/Willie Davis
  6. Tim Ryan, Bill O'Donnell or Jay Randolph/Mike Haffner
  7. Bill O'Donnell or Tim Ryan/Lionel Aldridge
  8. Dick Stockton/Al DeRogatis (Week 12)
  • This was the final season for Al DeRogatis at NBC. He would return briefly in 1988 as a fill-in color commentator during the 1988 Summer Olympics.

1976[9]

  1. Curt Gowdy/Don Meredith or John Brodie
  2. Jim Simpson/John Brodie, Len Dawson or Don Meredith
  3. Charlie Jones or Tim Ryan/Sam DeLuca, Len Dawson or Paul Maguire
  4. Jack Buck/Paul Maguire or Len Dawson
  5. Tim Ryan or Ross Porter/Lionel Aldridge
  6. Jay Randolph or Dick Stockton/Floyd Little
  7. Ross Porter, Dick Stockton or Jay Randolph/Mike Haffner
  8. Dick Stockton (Week 13) or Ross Porter (Week 5)/Paul Maguire
  • Don Meredith would return to Monday Night Football at the end of the season.
  • After this season, Tim Ryan would leave NBC to join CBS Sports.
  • Curt Gowdy would pull split double-duty with Don Meredith and John Brodie in Weeks 12 and 14. In Week 12, Brodie worked the Thanksgiving Day game (Buffalo-Detroit), while Meredith worked Pittsburgh-Cincinnati. In Week 14, Gowdy and Brodie called Pittsburgh-Houston on Saturday, then the following day Gowdy and Meredith called Cincinnati-NY Jets. After Meredith left NBC, Brodie would be the #1 color commentator alongside Curt Gowdy in 1977 and 1978.

1977[9]

  1. Curt Gowdy/John Brodie or Merlin Olsen
  2. Jim Simpson/Merlin Olsen, John Brodie, Len Dawson or Mike Haffner
  3. Charlie Jones or Sam Nover/Paul Maguire, Andy Russell, Len Dawson or Mike Adamle
  4. Jack Buck/Mike Haffner, Paul Maguire, Len Dawson, Floyd Little, Andy Russell or Jimmy Johnson
  5. Jay Randolph/Floyd Little, Andy Russell, Mike Adamle, Mike Haffner, Lionel Aldridge or Len Dawson
  6. Dick Stockton/Paul Maguire, Lionel Aldridge, Mike Haffner or Len Dawson
  7. Marv Albert/Len Dawson, Mike Haffner, Paul Maguire or Jimmy Johnson
  8. Stu Nahan/Floyd Little, Mike Haffner, Len Dawson or Andy Russell
  9. Sam Nover/Mike Haffner (Weeks 10, 12) or Floyd Little (Week 14)
  10. Dick Enberg/Merlin Olsen (Weeks 6, 14)

1978[9]

  1. Dick Enberg/Merlin Olsen/Mike Haffner (Week 16)
  2. Curt Gowdy or Charlie Jones/John Brodie
  3. Jim Simpson/Paul Warfield
  4. Charlie Jones, Sam Nover or Marv Albert/Len Dawson
  5. Jay Randolph or Sam Nover/Mike Haffner
  6. Sam Nover, Jay Randolph or Marv Albert/Bob Trumpy
  7. Marv Albert or Jay Randolph/Ed Podolak
  8. Stu Nahan, Jay Randolph or Marv Albert/Paul Maguire
  • The teams of Enberg/Olsen and Gowdy/Brodie began the year as co-head crews. But the unofficial passing of the torch happened on Thanksgiving, when Enberg/Olsen covered Denver-Detroit, while the following Sunday, Gowdy/Brodie covered Seattle-Oakland.
  • Len Dawson would join Dick Enberg in covering the Houston-Miami wild card game, and Charlie Jones in the Houston-New England divisional playoff game.
  • Merlin Olsen would join Curt Gowdy and John Brodie for that season's AFC Championship Game and Super Bowl XIII.
  • After his call of Super Bowl XIII, Curt Gowdy would leave NBC for CBS, calling games with Hank Stram for two seasons; he was "traded" to CBS in exchange for Don Criqui.
  • Len Dawson did not work Week 15 due to mourning the death of his wife.[10]

1979[9]

  1. Dick Enberg/Merlin Olsen
  2. Don Criqui or Jim Simpson/John Brodie (Jim Simpson left for the then brand new ESPN after Week 2)
  3. Charlie Jones/Len Dawson
  4. Sam Nover or Don Criqui/Bob Trumpy
  5. Jay Randolph/Paul Maguire, Mike Haffner or Mike Lucci
  6. Merle Harmon/George Kunz
  7. Marv Albert or Sam Nover/Mike Haffner
  8. Stu Nahan or Phil Stone/Mike Lucci

1980s

1980[11]

  1. Dick Enberg/Merlin Olsen or Bob Trumpy (Trumpy filled in for Olsen during the Oakland-Philadelphia regular season game)
  2. Don Criqui/John Brodie
  3. Charlie Jones or Bob Costas/Len Dawson
  4. Sam Nover or Mike Adamle or Merle Harmon/Bob Trumpy or Gene Washington
  5. Jay Randolph, Bob Costas, Marv Albert or Mike Adamle/Gene Washington
  6. Merle Harmon/Carl Eller
  7. Marv Albert, Mike Adamle, Bob Costas, Jay Randolph or Merle Harmon/Mike Haffner
  8. Marv Albert, Jay Randolph or Mike Adamle/Dave Rowe

1981[11]

  1. Dick Enberg or Charlie Jones/Merlin Olsen, John Brodie, Len Dawson or Bob Trumpy
  2. Don Criqui or Phil Stone/John Brodie or Bob Trumpy
  3. Charlie Jones, Marv Albert or Phil Stone/Len Dawson
  4. Bob Costas/Bob Trumpy
  5. Phil Stone, Marv Albert, Bob Costas or Jay Randolph/Gene Washington
  6. Jay Randolph, Mike Adamle, Marv Albert, Phil Stone or Merle Harmon/Mike Haffner
  7. Merle Harmon/George Kunz
  8. Marv Albert, Jay Randolph, Bob Costas or Merle Harmon/Jim Turner
  9. Sam Nover, Charlie Jones, Mike Adamle or Jay Randolph/Dave Rowe, Harmon Wages or Rocky Bleier

1982[11]

  1. Dick Enberg/Merlin Olsen, John Brodie or Len Dawson
  2. Don Criqui, Jay Randolph or Marv Albert/John Brodie
  3. Charlie Jones or Don Criqui/Len Dawson
  4. Bob Costas, Don Criqui or Marv Albert/Bob Trumpy
  5. Jay Randolph, Bob Costas, Marv Albert or Don Criqui/Bob Griese
  6. Phil Stone or Jay Randolph/Gene Washington
  7. Merle Harmon, Marv Albert, Gary Gerould or Phil Stone/Jim Turner
  8. Jay Randolph, Phil Stone or Merle Harmon/Mike Haffner
  9. Mike Haffner/Dave Rowe (Weeks 4-5)
  • Dick Enberg teamed with John Brodie to call the Week 1 game between the Raiders-49ers, and then with Len Dawson for the Week 2 game between the Raiders and Falcons.

1983[11]

  1. Dick Enberg or Don Criqui/Merlin Olsen
  2. Marv Albert, Phil Stone or Don Criqui/John Brodie or Bob Trumpy or Reggie Rucker
  3. Charlie Jones/Bob Griese
  4. Bob Costas or Jay Randolph/Bob Trumpy
  5. Don Criqui/Jim Turner, Ahmad Rashād or Gene Washington
  6. Jay Randolph, Merle Harmon or Marv Albert/Gene Washington, Bob Chandler, Reggie Rucker or Dave Rowe
  7. Phil Stone/Bob Chandler, Reggie Rucker, Mike Adamle, Dave Rowe, Gene Washington or Jim Turner
  8. Merle Harmon or Gary Gerould/Dave Rowe or Jim Turner
  • This was Bob Costas' last season in the booth before being promoted as the new host (replacing Len Berman) of NFL '84.

1984[11]

  1. Dick Enberg, Don Criqui or Charlie Jones/Merlin Olsen
  2. Marv Albert, Jay Randolph, Phil Stone or Marty Glickman/John Brodie (this team called almost all New York Jets games on NBC that season)
  3. Charlie Jones or Jay Randolph/Bob Griese
  4. Don Criqui, Jay Randolph or Len Berman/Bob Trumpy
  5. Len Berman, Jay Randolph, Todd Donoho or Phil Stone/Gene Washington
  6. Phil Stone, Bill Wilkerson, Gary Gerould, Jay Randolph or Todd Donoho/Reggie Rucker
  7. Gary Gerould or Bill Wilkerson/Harvey Martin
  8. Phil Stone, Gary Gerould or Bill Wilkerson/Dave Rowe

1985[11]

  1. Dick Enberg or Charlie Jones/Merlin Olsen
  2. Don Criqui/Bob Trumpy
  3. Marv Albert or Jay Randolph/Bob Griese
  4. Charlie Jones, Phil Stone, Jay Randolph or Gary Gerould/Sam Rutigliano
  5. Tom Hammond, Jay Randolph , Phil Stone or Len Berman/Reggie Rucker
  6. Phil Stone, Tom Hammond, Jay Randolph or Charlie Jones/Jimmy Cefalo
  7. Len Berman, Phil Stone, Tom Hammond or Gary Gerould/Bob Kuechenberg
  8. Fred Roggin, Bob Lobel, Phil Stone, Tom Hammond, Len Berman or Gary Gerould/Dave Rowe
  • During this and the season that followed, #2 team broadcasters Criqui and Trumpy were the lead broadcast team on NBC Radio.
  • Bob Griese would work the 1985 AFC Championship game as a field reporter, and would serve as a third commentator for Super Bowl XX.

1986[11]

  1. Dick Enberg or Charlie Jones/Merlin Olsen
  2. Don Criqui or Len Berman/Bob Trumpy
  3. Marv Albert, Jay Randolph or Tom Hammond/Bob Griese
  4. Charlie Jones, Jay Randolph or Gary Gerould/Jimmy Cefalo/Bob Griese (Week 15; Jones, Cefalo, and Griese called the Miami-LA Rams game)
  5. Len Berman or Gary Gerould/John Hannah
  6. Gary Gerould/Butch Johnson
  7. Tom Hammond, Tom Davis, Jay Randolph, Kevin Slaten, Fred Roggin, Len Berman or Mel Proctor/Dave Rowe
  8. Tom Hammond, Bob Lobel, Len Berman, Phil Stone or Jay Randolph/Reggie Rucker
  9. Gary Gerould, Steve Grad, Tom Hammond or Len Berman/Sam Rutigliano
  10. Tom Hammond/Jon Morris (Weeks 2, 16)

1987[11]

  1. Dick Enberg/Merlin Olsen or Paul Maguire
  2. Don Criqui/Bob Trumpy or Paul Maguire
  3. Marv Albert or Gary Gerould/Joe Namath
  4. Charlie Jones/Jimmy Cefalo
  5. Mel Proctor, Kevin Slaten, Jay Randolph, Gary Gerould or Jim Donovan/Reggie Rucker
  6. Gary Gerould, Tom Hammond or Mel Proctor/Sam Rutigliano
  7. Tom Hammond, Sam Nover, Jay Randolph, Gary Gerould or Jim Donovan/Dave Casper
  8. Tom Hammond, Sam Nover or Jay Randolph/Michael Jackson
  9. Tom Hammond or Fred Roggin/Dave Lapham
  10. Jim Donovan/Paul Maguire (Week 6)
  11. Tom Hammond/Tom Jackson (Week 8)
  12. Gayle Sierens/Dave Rowe (Week 15; on the December 27 game between the Seattle Seahawks and Kansas City Chiefs, Sierens from NBC's Tampa affiliate WFLA (then WXFL-TV) would become the first female play-by-play announcer in NFL history). Sierens was slated to do up to seven games for NBC but a contract dispute with WFLA prevented her from continuing beyond that single game.[12]

1988[11]

  1. Dick Enberg, Curt Gowdy, Ray Scott, Charlie Jones or Mel Proctor/Merlin Olsen or Al DeRogatis (This would be Olsen's final season as the main color commentator)
  2. Marv Albert/Paul Maguire or Joe Namath (Week 1 only) (During the 1988 Seoul Olympics, Maguire replaced Ahmad Rashād as part of the NFL Live! pregame show; while Rashad returned from Seoul after Week 5, Maguire did not return to the broadcast booth until Week 9, after Albert had completed his post-season baseball assignments)
  3. Don Criqui/Bob Trumpy (Did not work during Olympics)
  4. Charlie Jones, Chuck Thompson, Jim Donovan or Gary Gerould/Jimmy Cefalo or Jon Morris (Did not work during Olympics; Cefalo was still in the US for Week 2, but joined the other broadcasters in Seoul afterwards)
  5. Jim Donovan/Reggie Rucker, Joe Namath, Larry Csonka or Jon Morris
  6. Tom Hammond, Ray Scott or Chuck Thompson/Joe Namath, Jon Morris or Dave Lapham (Hammond and Namath were not established as a permanent pairing until Week 11; Namath worked with seven different play-by-play men over the course of the season)
  7. Gary Gerould/Reggie Rucker, Jon Morris or Ken Anderson (Gerould was in Seoul [assignment unknown] and did not call a game until Week 6)
  8. Mel Proctor/Joe Namath, Al DeRogatis, Jerry Kramer, Jon Morris or Larry Csonka (Proctor worked during the Olympics and baseball-related shortages [Weeks 2-8]; his only assignment after that was substituting for Enberg in Week 10; he did seven play-by-plays with six different analysts)
  9. Sam Nover/Jon Morris or Ken Anderson or Dave Lapham (Worked during Olympics/baseball shortages)
  10. Jay Randolph/Reggie Rucker or Dave Rowe
  11. Fred Roggin/Larry Csonka or Jerry Kramer
  12. Merle Harmon/Paul Hornung, Joe Namath or Al DeRogatis (Worked during Olympics)
  13. Kevin Slaten/Dave Lapham (Weeks 2-5) (Worked during Olympics)
  14. Steve Grad/Jon Morris (Week 5 only; Morris had nine analyst assignments in the 16 weeks of the season, and was paired with seven different play-by-play men [only working with Hammond and Nover twice each])
  15. Curt Gowdy/Jerry Kramer (Week 6 only)

Footnotes

  • NBC aired the Olympic Games for the first time in 1988, carrying the Games of the XXIVth Olympiad in Seoul. However, the Games were not scheduled to start until mid-September 1988; this caused a conflict with NBC's NFL schedule as most, if not all, of its announcers would need to be used. The network made up for this by securing a series of replacement announcers. Replacement announcers during the Olympic period included Ray Scott, Merle Harmon, Chuck Thompson and Al DeRogatis.
    • Albert was off in Seoul during the Olympics doing boxing, and spent the three weeks after that covering post-season baseball.
    • Criqui and Trumpy were off in Seoul during the Olympics. Criqui called swimming and Trumpy called volleyball.
    • Jones and Cefalo were off in Seoul during the Olympics. Jones called track & field and Cefalo served as the daytime host.
    • Enberg was off in Seoul during the Olympics. He served as host for the Opening and Closing Ceremonies.
    • Jay Randolph was in Seoul during the Olympics. He called baseball during the Games.

1989[11]

  1. Dick Enberg/Bill Walsh
  2. Charlie Jones/Merlin Olsen
  3. Marv Albert or Jim Donovan/Bob Trumpy or Ahmad Rashād
  4. Don Criqui/Ahmad Rashād
  5. Joel Meyers/Paul Maguire
  6. Tom Hammond or Jay Randolph/Joe Namath
  7. Jim Donovan/Jimmy Cefalo or Jim Laslavic
  8. Fred Roggin or Jay Randolph/Lyle Alzado
  • Merlin Olsen would move over to CBS the following season.
  • Lyle Alzado would leave NBC after the 1989 season in order to attempt a comeback as a player[13]

1990s

1990[14]

  1. Dick Enberg or Charlie Jones/Bill Walsh
  2. Marv Albert or Jim Donovan/Paul Maguire
  3. Don Criqui/Bob Trumpy or Ahmad Rashād
  4. Charlie Jones, Don Criqui or Fred Roggin/Todd Christensen
  5. Joel Meyers/Ahmad Rashād
  6. Tom Hammond or Jim Donovan/Joe Namath
  7. Jim Donovan or Joel Meyers/Cris Collinsworth
  8. Fred Roggin/Jim Laslavic

1991[14]

  1. Dick Enberg/Bill Walsh
  2. Charlie Jones or Don Criqui/Todd Christensen or Ahmad Rashād
  3. Marv Albert or Jim Donovan/Paul Maguire or Bill Parcells
  4. Tom Hammond, Mel Proctor or Kevin Harlan/Joe Namath
  5. Don Criqui/Bob Trumpy or Ahmad Rashād
  6. Joel Meyers/Dan Hampton
  7. Jim Donovan/Beasley Reece
  8. Mel Proctor/Jim Laslavic

1992[14]

  1. Dick Enberg/Bob Trumpy
  2. Marv Albert or Don Criqui/Bill Parcells
  3. Charlie Jones/Todd Christensen
  4. Don Criqui or Joel Meyers/Paul Maguire
  5. Jim Lampley or Joel Meyers/Ahmad Rashād or Dan Hampton
  6. Tom Hammond/Cris Collinsworth
  7. Dan Hicks/Dan Hampton, Joe Namath, John Dockery or Beasley Reece
  8. Joel Meyers/Beasley Reece, Dan Hampton or Joe Namath
  9. Jim Donovan/Dan Hampton (Week 17 only)
  • Bill Parcells left after this season to take the New England Patriots head coaching job.
  • Jim Lampley would replace Bob Costas as host of the NFL on NBC pregame show NFL Live in 1993.

1993[14]

  1. Dick Enberg or Drew Goodman/Bob Trumpy
  2. Marv Albert, Dick Enberg or Don Criqui/Paul Maguire or Mike Ditka
  3. Charlie Jones/Todd Christensen
  4. Tom Hammond or Drew Goodman/Cris Collinsworth
  5. Don Criqui or Drew Goodman/Beasley Reece

1994[14]

  1. Dick Enberg/Bob Trumpy/Hannah Storm
  2. Marv Albert/Paul Maguire
  3. Charlie Jones/Randy Cross
  4. Jim Lampley or Don Criqui/Todd Christensen
  5. Tom Hammond, Don Criqui (Week 6) or Dan Hicks/Cris Collinsworth
  6. Don Criqui, Jim Donovan or Mike Bush (Week 10)/Beasley Reece
  7. Dan Hicks or Jim Donovan (Week 12)/Bob Golic
  8. Mike Bush/Dan Hampton (Week 2)
  1. Dick Enberg/Bob Trumpy/Hannah Storm
  2. Marv Albert/Paul Maguire
  3. Charlie Jones/Randy Cross
  4. Drew Goodman/Todd Christensen
  5. Tom Hammond, Don Criqui (Week 6) or Dan Hicks (Week 4) or Tony Roberts (Week 10)/Cris Collinsworth
  6. Don Criqui, Jim Donovan (Weeks 4 and 11) or Tony Roberts (Week 17) or Mike Bush (Week 10)/Beasley Reece
  7. Dan Hicks or Jim Donovan (Week 12) or Tony Roberts (Week 11)/Bob Golic
  8. Mike Bush/Dan Hampton (Week 2)

1995[14]

  1. Dick Enberg or Marv Albert/Phil Simms/Paul Maguire/Jim Gray
  2. Marv Albert, Tom Hammond or Dan Hicks/Cris Collinsworth
  3. Charlie Jones or Dan Hicks/Randy Cross
  4. Tom Hammond, Dan Hicks or Jim Lampley/Bob Trumpy
  5. Jim Lampley, Jim Donovan, Dan Hicks or Don Criqui/Bob Golic
  6. Don Criqui/Beasley Reece (This duo called almost all of the Jacksonville Jaguars games airing on NBC that season)
  7. Dan Hicks or Jim Donovan/Tunch Ilkin or John Dockery (Week 15)
  1. Dick Enberg or Marv Albert/Phil Simms/Paul Maguire/Jim Gray
  2. Marv Albert, Tom Hammond or Dan Hicks/Cris Collinsworth
  3. Charlie Jones or Dan Hicks/Randy Cross
  4. Tom Hammond, Dan Hicks or Drew Goodman/Bob Trumpy
  5. Don Criqui/Beasley Reece
  6. Dan Hicks or Jim Donovan/Bob Golic
  7. Drew Goodman or Jim Donovan/Tunch Ilkin or John Dockery (week 15)


  • Cris Collinsworth moved to the pregame show to replace Joe Montana after the season.
  • In Week 4, Phil Simms and Paul Maguire joined Tom Hammond at Notre Dame to call the game played against Texas on September 23.
  • In Week 13 (Thanksgiving Weekend), Dick Enberg called the Thanksgiving Day game between Kansas City and Dallas with regular partners Phil Simms and Paul Maguire, and on that Sunday Marv Albert called Pittsburgh/Cleveland with Simms and Maguire, prompting other play-by-play announcers to move up (Tom Hammond paired with Cris Collinsworth, Jim Lampley with Bob Trumpy, and Don Criqui with Bob Golic).
  • In Week 15, Notre Dame's radio announcer Tony Roberts was slated to fill-in for Dan Hicks along with John Dockery; however, Jim Donovan called the Jacksonville Jaguars-Detroit Lions game.
  • This would be Tunch Ilkin's only season with NBC, as the former Pittsburgh Steelers offensive lineman would eventually become the team's color analyst (and eventually Myron Cope's successor) on the team's radio broadcasts.

1996[14]

  1. Dick Enberg or Marv Albert/Phil Simms/Paul Maguire/Jim Gray
  2. Marv Albert or Dan Hicks/Sam Wyche/Randy Cross (Week 16) or Paul Maguire (Week 17)
  3. Charlie Jones/Randy Cross
  4. Tom Hammond or Dan Hicks/Bob Trumpy
  5. Jim Lampley, Dan Hicks or Jim Donovan/Bob Golic
  6. Don Criqui or Jim Donovan/Beasley Reece
  7. Dan Hicks or Jim Donovan/Bart Oates (Hicks substituted for Greg Gumbel as host of the NFL on NBC pregame show for Week 6, as Gumbel was unavailable due to illness)
  1. Dick Enberg or Marv Albert/Phil Simms/Paul Maguire/Jim Gray
  2. Marv Albert or Dan Hicks/Sam Wyche/Randy Cross (Week 16) or Paul Maguire (Week 17)
  3. Charlie Jones/Randy Cross
  4. Tom Hammond or Dan Hicks/Bob Trumpy
  5. Don Criqui or Jim Donovan/Beasley Reece
  6. Dan Hicks or Jim Donovan/Bart Oates
  7. Drew Goodman or Jim Donovan/Bob Golic (Goodman substituted for Jim Lampley as host of the NFL on NBC pregame show for some weeks, as Lampley was away on golfing assignment)


1997[16]

  1. Dick Enberg or Tom Hammond/Phil Simms/Paul Maguire/Jim Gray
  2. Marv Albert, Tom Hammond, Charlie Jones or Joel Meyers/Randy Cross/Jim Kelly (Week 7)
  3. Charlie Jones or Dan Hicks or Jim Donovan/Bob Trumpy/Jim Mora (Weeks 3, 7), Randy Cross (Weeks 6, 11) or Jim Kelly (Week 8)
  4. Tom Hammond, Dan Hicks or Joel Meyers/Jim Kelly/Paul Maguire (Weeks 10, 16) or James Lofton (Week 11)
  5. Don Criqui or Dan Hicks/Jim Mora/Randy Cross (Week 17)
  6. Mike Breen or Jim Donovan/James Lofton (mostly NY Jets games)
  7. Dan Hicks, Joel Meyers or Jim Donovan/Beasley Reece
  8. Bob Fitzgerald/Jim Laslavic (Week 9)
  • Following Week 3, Marv Albert was fired by NBC because of sexual assault charges pressed against him. Albert, also the voice of NBA on NBC at the time, was replaced in both venues. Tom Hammond would eventually move up to the #2 team, while Dan Hicks would primarily call games with Hammond's old partner, Jim Kelly.
  • During AFC Divisional Playoffs, NBC used three-man booths. Bob Trumpy joined Tom Hammond and Randy Cross on the New England at Pittsburgh game. While Enberg, Simms, and Maguire called the Denver at Kansas City game.
  • Three-man booths were near-prevalent in the aftermath of Marv Albert's firing. Below is a list of games with three-man broadcast teams outside of NBC's #1 team of Enberg, Simms and Maguire.

- Week 3: Seattle-Indianapolis (Jones, Trumpy, Mora)
- Week 6: Kansas City-Miami (Jones, Trumpy, Cross)
- Week 7: Buffalo-New England (Hammond, Cross, Kelly); Cincinnati-Tennessee (Jones, Trumpy, Mora)
- Week 8: Pittsburgh-Cincinnati (Hicks, Trumpy, Kelly)
- Week 10: Miami-Buffalo (Hicks, Maguire, Kelly)
- Week 11: Kansas City-Jacksonville (Hicks, Kelly, Lofton); NY Jets-Miami (Jones, Trumpy, Cross)
- Week 16: Jacksonville-Buffalo (Meyers, Maguire, Kelly)
- Week 17: Indianapolis-Minnesota (Criqui, Mora, Cross)

  • This was the final season of NBC's coverage of the AFC, and final coverage of the NFL until 2006. CBS took over AFC coverage the following year. Greg Gumbel would leave NBC, and would team up with Phil Simms as the #1 announcing team at CBS. Also at CBS, Randy Cross would become the #2 analyst, Sam Wyche would leave the pregame show to become the #3 analyst, and Don Criqui and Beasley Reece would reunite for the 1998 season. Dick Enberg would stay with NBC for another two years before joining CBS in 2000, where he would be the #2 announcer until 2005. Cris Collinsworth also left NBC to join Fox NFL Sunday.

2000s

  • Beginning in 2006, NBC returned to the NFL for the first time since 1997 (when they last had the AFC package) to broadcast Sunday night games. NBC replaced ESPN as the Sunday night broadcaster.

2006

  1. Al Michaels/John Madden/Andrea Kremer
  2. Tom Hammond/Cris Collinsworth/Bob Neumeier (Wild Card Saturday)

2007

  1. Al Michaels/John Madden/Andrea Kremer
  2. Bryant Gumbel/Cris Collinsworth (Patriots–Giants game)
  3. Tom Hammond/Cris Collinsworth/Bob Neumeier (Wild Card Saturday)

2008

  1. Al Michaels/John Madden or Cris Collinsworth/Andrea Kremer
    • During Week 7 (Seattle at Tampa Bay), Madden was given an off-week to alleviate a hectic coast-to-coast bus travel schedule[17] which would have taken him from Jacksonville to San Diego to Tampa in 3 weeks.
  2. Tom Hammond/Cris Collinsworth/Tiki Barber (Wild Card Saturday)

2009

  1. Al Michaels/Cris Collinsworth/Andrea Kremer
  2. Tom Hammond/Joe Theismann and Joe Gibbs[18]/Tiki Barber (Wild Card Saturday)

2010s

2010

  1. Al Michaels/Cris Collinsworth/Andrea Kremer
  2. Tom Hammond/Mike Mayock/Alex Flanagan (Wild Card Saturday)
  • Beginning with the 2010 season NBC elected to use the Notre Dame football broadcast team as its second Wild Card Weekend broadcast team, as Mike Mayock and Alex Flanagan joined Tom Hammond.

2011

  1. Al Michaels/Cris Collinsworth/Michele Tafoya
  2. Tom Hammond/Mike Mayock/Alex Flanagan (Wild Card Saturday)
  3. Dan Hicks/Mike Mayock/Doug Flutie/Alex Flanagan/Randy Moss (Pro Bowl)

2012

  1. Al Michaels/Cris Collinsworth/Michele Tafoya
  2. Dan Hicks/Mike Mayock (Wild Card Saturday)

Dan Hicks filled in for Al Michaels on the preseason matchup between the Indianapolis Colts and the Pittsburgh Steelers. Michaels took some time off during that game after anchoring NBC's daytime coverage of the 2012 Summer Olympics in London. Hicks also replaced Tom Hammond on the Notre Dame broadcast team at this point.

2013

  1. Al Michaels/Cris Collinsworth/Michele Tafoya
  2. Dan Hicks/Mike Mayock/Alex Flanagan (Wild Card Saturday)
  • This was the last wildcard playoff doubleheader on NBC for the foreseeable future. For 2014, ESPN aired 1 wild card playoff game, and from 2015 onward ABC will simulcast ESPN's presentation of the Wild Card playoff game. NBC will only air 1 wildcard playoff game and will air 1 divisional playoff game.

2014-2015

  1. Al Michaels/Cris Collinsworth/Michele Tafoya

2016

  1. Al Michaels/Cris Collinsworth/Michele Tafoya (Sunday Night Football) or Heather Cox (Thursday Night Football). Cox joins Tafoya for the NFL Playoffs
  2. Mike Tirico/Doug Flutie and Tony Dungy/Heather Cox

NBC often mixed these commentator groupings for 2016. Under league contract, Michaels and Collinsworth called all of the games in the Thursday Night Football package that aired on NBC[19] along with most Sunday nights. In general, Tafoya served as sideline reporter for Sunday games and Cox for Thursday games, with both sharing duties through the playoffs. Tirico called play-by-play for secondary games in weeks 15 and 16, and filled in for Michaels for SNF assignments in Weeks 11 and 12.

2017

  1. Al Michaels/Cris Collinsworth/Michele Tafoya (Sunday Night Football)
  2. Mike Tirico/Cris Collinsworth/Heather Cox (Thursday Night Football)
  3. Mike Tirico/Kurt Warner/Heather Cox (Christmas Game/Thursday Night Specials)

2018-present

  1. Al Michaels/Cris Collinsworth/Michele Tafoya/Terry McAulay (Sunday Night Football)
  2. Mike Tirico/Tony Dungy/Rodney Harrison/Michele Tafoya (SNF Thanksgiving Day game)

Surrogate professional football programs on NBC

XFL

In 2001, NBC carried broadcasts of the XFL.

The pregame show, XFL Gameday, was hosted by radio shock jocks Opie and Anthony from The Opie and Anthony Show. The show did not air nationwide and was canceled after four weeks. There was no studio halftime or postgame show, the latter due to a schedule conflict with Saturday Night Live. Halftime shows consisted mostly of live look-ins in the player locker rooms (with the exception of Week 6, where a comedy sketch purporting to go into the cheerleaders’ locker rooms instead aired).

NBC used two broadcast teams for its XFL broadcast coverage. Matt Vasgersian was teamed with then-Governor of Minnesota Jesse Ventura, with Fred Roggin and Mike Adamle as sideline reporters, for Week 1, and again from week 6 through the rest of the season, on its nationally televised contests. NBC also regionally televised a second game, which used World Wrestling Federation announcers Jim Ross and Jerry Lawler (under their WWF nicknames "J.R." and "The King" for week 1), along with Jonathan Coachman. Ross and Vasgersian swapped places from Weeks 2 through 5, after which Lawler (who knew nothing about football) left the WWF and the XFL; from that point onward, Ross and Dick Butkus called the remainder of the regional telecasts, and Chris Wragge replaced Roggin for week 6.

Arena Football League

From 2003-2006, NBC covered Arena Football League games.

The pre-game, halftime, and post-game studio show was anchored by Al Trautwig and analyst Glenn Parker since its inception. In 2003, Michael Irvin also provided studio analysis, but that role was subsequently filled with guest analysts, including Ray Bentley, Danny White, Tommy Maddox, and Kurt Warner.

Game commentary was provided by two major teams, with the lead consisting of play-by-play announcer Tom Hammond and analyst Pat Haden, with sideline reporter Lewis Johnson (this team, at the time, was also the announcing team for Notre Dame Football on NBC). The other included Bob Papa (play-by-play), Ray Bentley (analyst) and Marty Snider (sideline reporter). Additional talent included (often in different pairings) play-by-play announcers Eli Gold, Bill Weber, and Allen Bestwick, as well as color commentators Mike Pawlawski and Charles Davis, and sideline reporter Steve Wrigley.

See also

References

  1. ^ "American Football League on NBC - Google Search". www.google.com. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  2. ^ "American Football League on NBC - Google Search". www.google.com. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  3. ^ "American Football League on NBC - Google Search". www.google.com. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  4. ^ "The Milwaukee Journal - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  5. ^ a b "1960-1969 NFL Commentator Crews". newsgroups.derkeiler.com. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  6. ^ "Cincinnati Bengals at San Diego Chargers - September 6th, 1968 - Pro-Football-Reference.com". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  7. ^ "Boston Patriots at Buffalo Bills - September 8th, 1968 - Pro-Football-Reference.com". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  8. ^ "Kansas City Chiefs at Houston Oilers - September 9th, 1968 - Pro-Football-Reference.com". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "1970-1979 NFL Commentator Crews". newsgroups.derkeiler.com. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  10. ^ "Lawrence Journal-World - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "1980-1989 NFL Commentator Crews". newsgroups.derkeiler.com. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  12. ^ "Media Circus: Beth Mowins to call Sept. 11 MNF". Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  13. ^ SPRINGER, STEVE (11 May 1990). "Alzado, Who Misses the Violence, to Try Comeback". Retrieved 23 August 2018 – via LA Times.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g "1990-1999 NFL Commentator Crews". newsgroups.derkeiler.com. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  15. ^ "Archives - Philly.com". articles.philly.com. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  16. ^ "Wayback Machine". 22 May 2008. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  17. ^ "John Madden Will Skip Sunday's Game at Tampa Bay". Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  18. ^ "Sports Media Watch: Theismann, Gibbs, to call Wild Card game on NBC". sportsmediawatch.blogspot.com. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  19. ^ Raissman, Bob (August 20, 2016). "Al Michaels, not Mike Tirico, will be calling NFL games on Thursday for NBC". New York Daily News. Retrieved August 24, 2016.

Sources

  1. Sports Broadcast History Forums Sports Broadcast History Archives Football Archives
  2. 1996 NFL Commentator Crews
  3. 1997 NFL Announcing Teams
  4. Hammond & Collinsworth Named Commentators for NFL Wild Card Game on NBC[permanent dead link]
  5. Eye On Sports Media: NFL Broadcast Assignments
This page was last edited on 5 April 2019, at 20:29
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