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List of Hispanos

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of Hispanos, both settlers and their descendants (either fully or partially of such origin), who were born or settled, between the early 16th century and 1850, in what is now the southwestern United States (including California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, southwestern Colorado, Utah and Nevada), as well as Florida, Louisiana (1763–1800) and other Spanish colonies in what is now the United States. Governors and explorers, who spent time in these places serving the Spanish crown but never settled in them as colonists, are not included, although they also helped shape the history of the present United States. This list shows notable people of Spanish and Mexican origin who lived in the Hispanic colonies now part of the United States, as well as their descendants.

Spanish and Mexican era

These are persons who were born and/or lived, and died, in the Spanish or Mexican territories that later were incorporated in the United States. They were never Americans in the sense of persons born, raised or naturalized in the modern United States.

Friar Fermín Lasuén
Friar Fermín Lasuén
  • Hernando de Escalante Fontaneda (c. 1536 – after 1575) Spanish shipwreck survivor who lived among the Indians of Florida for 17 years.
  • Francisco de Haro (1792–November 28, 1849) First Alcalde (Mayor) of Yerba Buena (later named San Francisco) in 1834.
  • Pedro Benedit Horruytiner (1613–November 20, 1684) Spanish soldier and settler resident in Saint Augustine, Florida, who served as the Acting Governor and accountant of Florida between 1646 and 1648.
  • Juan Páez Hurtado (1668 – 1742) Spanish official who served as Captain General, Governor and Mayor of Santa Fe de Nuevo Mexico.
  • Fermín Lasuén (June 7, 1736, Vitoria, Spain–June 26, 1803, Mission San Carlos Borroméo de Carmelo) Basque Spanish missionary to Alta California, the second president and founder of the California Franciscan mission chain.
  • Juan Leal (1676–1742 or 1743) First Mayor of San Antonio, Texas
  • Nicolás Suárez Ponce de León II Acting governor of Spanish Florida from 1663 to 1664, and from 1673 to 1675. He was born in Saint Augustine, Florida.
  • Gabriel Moraga (1765–June 14, 1823) Spanish army officer in the Viceroyalty of New Spain, an explorer of Alta California.
  • Antonio Rodríguez Medero (1712–April 10, 1760) Mayor of San Antonio, Texas, in 1741. He was one of the first settlers of San Antonio and laid the foundation for the creation of the first inheritable water supply sources (a concept perhaps first developed in the Canary Islands) in America. He was also the architect of the Espada Acequia, consisting of an aqueduct and seven gravity-flow canals to irrigate the lands of the Canarian settlers in San Antonio.
  • Manuel Nieto (1734–1804) Soldier from the Presidio of San Diego.
  • Antonio de Olivares (1630–1722) a Spanish Franciscan known for officiating at the first Mass celebrated in Texas, and for his exploration of the area where the city was founded.
  • Bernardo de Miera y Pacheco (born August 4, 1713 or 1714–died April 11, 1785) Cartographer, as well as an artist, particularly as a Santero (wood-carver of religious images).
  • José Maria Pico (1764, San Xavier de Cavazan, Sonora, México–1819, San Gabriel, California) Established the prominent Pico family of Southern California.
  • Luis Manuel Quintero (c. 1725–1810) African-Mexican tailor from Guadalajara, Jalisco; who later became one of the 44 original settlers of the Pueblo de Los Angeles (present-day Los Angeles, California) on September 4, 1781.
  • Juan Francisco Reyes (soldier) (1749–1809) Soldado de cuero ("leather-jacketed soldier") on the 1769 Portola expedition, alcalde (municipal magistrate) of the Pueblo de Los Angeles for three terms, and recipient of the Spanish land grant for Rancho Los Encinos and later Lompoc.
  • Salvador Rodríguez (1688–after 1796) Spanish politician who served as mayor of San Antonio, Texas, in 1785 and 1796, as well as regidor (councilor) of the city.
Andrés Almonaster y Rojas
Andrés Almonaster y Rojas
José Francisco Ruiz
José Francisco Ruiz

Naturalized Americans of colonial origin

When the Spanish and Mexican territories were incorporated as part of the United States, their inhabitants automatically acquired American citizenship. Louisiana (which was Spanish between 1762 and 1800, when Spain gave back the territory to France) was ceded to the US by France in 1803, Florida was sold by Spain in 1819 and the Southwest passed to the US after the Mexican–American War (1846–48) by the terms of the Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty, while Texas separated from Mexico in 1836 and was annexed by the United States on December 29, 1845.

Juan Bautista Alvarado
Juan Bautista Alvarado
Arcadia Bandini de Stearns Baker
Arcadia Bandini de Stearns Baker
  • Manuel Armijo - (ca. 1793–1853) Three times as governor of New Mexico.
  • Casimiro Barela (1847 - 1920), an early Colorado legislator and senator
  • Arcadia Bandini de Stearns Baker (1825–1912) Wealthy Los Angeles landowner, she was the granddaughter of the Spanish captain José María Estudillo.[3]
  • Tomas Avila Sanchez (1826-1882) American soldier, sheriff and public official, was on the Los Angeles County, California, Board of Supervisors and was a member of the Los Angeles Common Council, the legislative branch of the city. He was a descendant of Spanish settlers.
  • Juan Bandini (1800–November 4, 1859) Early settler of what would become San Diego, California.
  • Santos Benavides (November 1, 1823 – November 9, 1891) Tejano Confederate colonel during the American Civil War
  • Berreyesa family Early Basque Spanish settlers of Alta California who held extensive land grants (see José de los Reyes Berreyesa)
  • Eugene W. Biscailuz (1883–1969) Sheriff of Los Angeles County, his mother was descended from old Spanish settlers in California.
  • Dionisio Botiller (1842–1915) Member of the Los Angeles, California, Common Council, the governing body of the city.
  • Charles Dominique Joseph Bouligny ( 1773 –1833) was a lawyer and politician, and served as a United States senator from Louisiana between 1824 and 1829. He was the son of Francisco Bouligny.[4]
  • Guillermo Castro (born 1810, date of death unknown) Californio soldier, rancher, surveyor, and magistrate
  • José María Jesús Carbajal (1809–1874) Tejano freedom fighter who opposed the Centralist government installed by Antonio López de Santa Anna.
  • José Francisco Chaves (June 27, 1833 – November 26, 1904) New Mexican military leader, politician, lawyer and rancher from the New Mexico Territory
  • Jacob De Cordova (June 6, 1808 – January 26, 1868) Founder of the Jamaica Gleaner.
  • José Antonio Carrillo (1796–1862) a Californio rancher, officer, and politician in the early years of Mexican Alta California and California as part of the United States.
  • José Castro (1808–February 1860) General in the Mexican army of Alta California.
  • Víctor Castro (1817–1897) Landowner in an area of Alta California which later became part of Contra Costa County, California.
  • Eulogio F. de Celis Largest landowner in the San Fernando Valley section of Los Angeles, California, in the mid-19th Century.
  • Manuel Antonio Chaves (c. 1818–1889), known as El Leoncito (the Little Lion) Soldier in the Mexican Army.
  • Joseph Chiles (July 16, 1810 – June 25, 1885) Early California pioneer and guide
  • Antonio F. Coronel (October 21, 1817 Mexico City–April 17, 1894) Fourth mayor of Los Angeles, served from 1853 to 1854.
  • Ygnacio Coronel (1795–1862) Settler in early Los Angeles and a member of the Los Angeles Common Council.
  • Leonardo Cota (1816–1887) Captain with the Californios who fought in the Mexican–American War, later a Los Angeles County Supervisor).
  • Henriette DeLille (1813–1862) Founded the Catholic order of the Sisters of the Holy Family in New Orleans, which was composed of free women of color. Her mother was a Creole of color of French, Spanish and African ancestry and was born in New Orleans.[5]
  • Manuel Dominguez (1804–1882) Alcalde (mayor) of Los Angeles (1832), he was of Spanish settler descent.[6]
  • José María de Echeandía (died 1871) Mexican governor of Alta California, from 1825 to 1831 and again from 1832 to 1833.
  • Juan José Elguézabal (1781-1840) Governor of Coahuila y Tejas between 1834 and 1835.
  • Albert Estopinal (1845–1919) Sugar cane planter from St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana, who served as a Democrat in both houses of the Louisiana State Legislature between 1876 and 1900 and in the United States House of Representatives from Louisiana's 1st Congressional district from 1908 until his death. His ancestors came from the Canary Islands, Spain.[7]
Jose Maria Estudillo
Jose Maria Estudillo
  • José Antonio Estudillo (2 Nov 1803–July 20, 1852) Californio and an early settler of San Diego, California.
  • José Joaquín Estudillo (1800–1852) Second alcalde of Yerba Buena, California (the precursor to San Francisco), whose land holdings, known as Rancho San Leandro, formed the basis of the city of San Leandro.[8]
  • José María Estudillo (?-1830) early settler of San Diego, California, and governing official during San Diego's Mexican period
  • José María Flores (1818, New Spain–1866) Officer in the Mexican Army
  • Juan Flores (c. 1834–February 14, 1857) Nineteenth-century Californio bandit who, with Pancho Daniel, led an outlaw gang known as "las Manillas" (the Handcuffs) and later as the Flores–Daniel Gang, throughout Southern California during 1856–1857.
  • Manuel N. Flores (c. 1801–1868) Served as a volunteer in the Texan army in 1835–38.
  • Salvador Flores (c. 1806–1855) Served as a volunteer in the Texan Army in 1835–1836.
José Antonio Navarro
José Antonio Navarro
Miguel Antonio Otero
Miguel Antonio Otero
  • Miguel Antonio Otero (born 1829) Spanish politician in the New Mexico Territory
  • Mariano S. Otero (1844–1904) a Congressional delegate from the Territory of New Mexico
  • Romualdo Pacheco (October 31, 1831 – January 23, 1899) Californio politician and diplomat, he was the 12th Governor of California.
  • Luís María Peralta (1759, Sonora, New Spain–August 26, 1851) Soldier in the Spanish Army.
  • Ignacio Peralta - April 3, 1791 – May 9, 1874) Spanish settler in California, the eldest son of Luís María Peralta.
  • Francisco Perea (January 9, 1830 – May 21, 1913) Union Army officer in the American Civil War and a cousin of Pedro Perea. He was a delegate for the Territory of New Mexico to the 38th United States Congress from Mary 4, 1863 to March 3, 1865.
  • Andrés Pico (November 18, 1810 – February 14, 1876) Californio who became a successful rancher, and served as a military commander during the Mexican–American War; he was elected to the state assembly and senate after California became a state, when he was also commissioned as a brigadier general in the state militia.
  • Pío Pico (May 5, 1801 – September 11, 1894) Last Mexican governor of Alta California, namesake of Pico Rivera, California.
  • Manuel Requena (1802–1876) President of the Los Angeles Common Council in the early 1850s. He served the city in both the Mexican and American periods.
  • Louis Robidoux (1796–1868) American of French Canadian descent, an early settler in the area of modern-day Riverside, California.
  • José González Rubio (1804–1875) Roman Catholic friar prominent in the early history of California.
  • Francisco Antonio Ruiz (c. 1804–October 18, 1876) Alcalde of San Antonio during the Texas Revolution and was responsible for identifying the bodies of those killed at the Battle of the Alamo.
  • José de la Cruz Sánchez (1799–1878) Eleventh alcalde (mayor) of San Francisco in 1845.
  • Robert Fortune Sanchez (1934–2012) Archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Santa Fe, New Mexico. Some of his ancestors were Spanish settlers in New Mexico.
  • Francisco Sanchez (politician) (April 11, 1805 – September 8, 1862) Commander of the San Francisco Presidio and the 8th alcalde of San Francisco in 1843
  • Julian A. Chavez (January 7, 1808 – July 25, 1879) Rancher, landowner and elected official in early Los Angeles, California, who served multiple terms on the Los Angeles Common Council (the forerunner to the present-day City Council) and the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors.
  • Tomas Avila Sanchez (1826–1882) Soldier, sheriff and public official, who served on the Los Angeles County, California, Board of Supervisors and was a member of the Los Angeles Common Council, the legislative branch of the city.
  • Francisco Xavier Sepulveda (1742–1788) Mexican colonial soldier and patriarch of the prominent Spanish Mexican Sepúlveda family in the early days of Las Californias and Alta California in present-day Southern California.
  • Francisco Sepulveda (1775–1853) Landowner and progenitor of one of the branches of the prominent Spanish Mexican Sepúlveda family in the early days of California's settlement.
Juan Seguin
Juan Seguin
  • Juan Seguín (October 27, 1806 – August 27, 1890) Nineteenth-century Texas senator, mayor, judge, and justice of the peace; he was a leader of the Texas Revolution.
  • Erasmo Seguín - (May 26, 1782 – October 30, 1857) Prominent citizen and politician in San Antonio de Bexar (modern-day San Antonio, Texas) in the 19th century.
  • Manuel Antonio Santiago Tarín (1811–1849) (also known as Manuel Leal) was a Mexican soldier and a recruiter and participant in the Texas Revolution on the Texian side.
  • Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo - (4 July 1807 – 18 January 1890) Californio military commander, politician, and rancher.
  • Juan Martin de Veramendi (1778–1833) governor of the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas from 1832 until 1833.
  • Tiburcio Vasquez–(April 11, 1835 – March 19, 1875) a Californio bandit
  • Bernardo Yorba (1800–1858) Son of the Spanish soldier, José Antonio Yorba, was one of the most successful ranchers in Alta California, having thousands of cattle and horses grazing on land grants totaling more than 35,000 acres.
  • Agustín Vicente Zamorano (1798–1842) Printer, soldier, and provisional Mexican Governor of Alta California.
  • Ignacio Zaragoza (March 24, 1829 – September 8, 1862) General in the Mexican army, best known for defeating invading French forces at the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862.

Descendants of Spanish and Mexican settlers in the modern United States

These are descendants of Spanish and Mexican settlers who were born in the United States after 1803 in Louisiana, after 1819 in Florida and after 1850 in the Southwest:

Ezequiel Cabeza De Baca
Ezequiel Cabeza De Baca
  • Rudolfo Anaya American author.
  • Antonio D. Archuleta (1855 – 1918), member of the Colorado Senate.
  • Gloria Anzaldúa (1942–2004) Scholar of Chicana cultural theory, feminist theory, and queer theory, she was a descendant of many of the prominent Basque and Spanish explorers and settlers who came to the Americas in the 16th and 17th centuries.
  • Avila family of California
  • Polly Baca American politician who served as chair of the Democratic Caucus of the Colorado House of Representatives (1976–79), being the first woman to hold that office, and the first Hispanic woman elected to the Colorado State Senate as well as first elected to the House and Senate of a state Legislature.
  • Ezequiel Cabeza De Baca (1864–1917) First Hispano elected for office as Lieutenant Governor in New Mexico's first election. A member of the Baca Family of New Mexico, he is a descendant of the original Spanish settlers.
  • Dionisio Botiller (1842–1915) Member of the Los Angeles Common Council, the governing body of the city, in June 1868, December 1868 and in 1869, as well as the city auditor for eight years. His family were Californios.
  • Joan Bennett (1910–1990) American stage, film and television actress, her mother was actress Adrienne Morrison, daughter of actor Lewis Morrison, who was of English, Spanish, Jewish, and African ancestry.[19][20]
  • Constance Bennett American actress, sister of Joan Bennett
  • Barbara Bennett Actress and dancer, sister of Joan and Constance Bennett
  • Leo Carrillo (1881–1961) Actor, vaudevillian, political cartoonist, and conservationist, his great-great grandfather, José Raimundo Carrillo (1749–1809)[21] Spanish settler in San Diego, California.
  • Ezequiel Cabeza De Baca (1864–1917) First Hispanic elected for office as Lieutenant Governor in New Mexico's first election, and also a descendant of the Baca Family of New Mexico.
  • Angelico Chavez (April 10, 1910 – March 18, 1996) Franciscan priest, historian, author, poet, and painter from New Mexico.
  • Denise Chavez New Mexican author, playwright, and stage director.
  • Dennis Chavez (1888–1962) Democratic U.S. Senator from New Mexico.
  • Linda Chavez Her father's ancestors came to New Mexico from Spain in 1601.[22]
  • Henry Cisneros Politician and businessman[23]
  • Gil Cisneros - His great-grandmother was born in Los Angeles in the early 19th century.[24]
  • Page Cortez Isleño Businessman from Lafayette, Louisiana, a Republican member of the Louisiana State Senate from District 23.
  • Henriette DeLille (1813–1862) Nun who founded the Catholic order of the Sisters of the Holy Family in New Orleans, which was composed of free women of color. Her mother was a Creole of color of French, Spanish and African ancestry and was born in New Orleans.
  • Aurelio Macedonio Espinosa Sr. - (1880–1958). Professor who studied the Spanish American folklore and philology. He descended of the first New Mexicans to settle in Colorado in the mid-1800s.
  • Aurelio Macedonio Espinosa Jr., (1907 – 2004), son of Aurelio Macedonio Espinosa Sr. Professor at Stanford University and an expert on Spanish linguistics, focusing on Spanish American folklore.
  • Albert Estopinal, Jr. (1869–1952) Attorney and politician from St. Bernard Parish in south Louisiana. He was son of Albert Estopinal.
  • Joe Falcon (September 28, 1900 – November 19, 1965) Cajun accordion player in southwest Louisiana, best known for the first recording of a Cajun song entitled "Allons à Lafayette" in 1928 . He was descendant of Isleños and Cajuns
  • Joachim O. Fernández (August 14, 1896 – August 8, 1978) Isleño politician
  • Robert Fortune Sanchez (20 March 1934 – 20 January 2012) Archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Santa Fe, New Mexico, in the United States.
Demi Lovato
Demi Lovato
Joseph M Montoya
Joseph M Montoya
Jaci Velásquez
Jaci Velásquez
  • Trinidad Romero Isleño politician in Louisiana.
  • Marin Sais - (1890–1971) American actress of the silent film era. She was descended from early Castilian settlers of colonial California.
  • John Salazar - former Congressman for Colorado's 3rd congressional district, serving from 2005 until 2011
  • Ken Salazar - 50th United States Secretary of the Interior in the administration of President Barack Obama from 2009 to 2013. He is a descendant of Spanish settlers in New Spain in 16th century.[29] Brother of John Salazar
  • Paul Sanchez Isleño musician from Louisiana.
  • Jaci Velasquez Tejano singer.
  • Adina Emilia De Zavala (November 28, 1861 – March 1, 1955) Tejano teacher, historian and preservationist of Texas history.

See also


  1. ^ Jose Antonio Aguirre (1799-1860)
  2. ^ Arthur, Stanley C., Arthur, Stanley Clisby & de Kernion, George Campbell Huchet (1998). Old Families of Louisiana. Pelican Publishing. p.399
  3. ^ Patricia Baker (1969). "The Bandini Family". Retrieved 2010-05-15.
  4. ^ Martin, Fontaine (1990). A History of the Bouligny Family and Allied Families. Lafayette, Louisiana: The Center for Louisiana Studies, University of Southwestern Louisiana. ISBN 0940984512.
  5. ^ M. Boniface Adams, "The Gift of Religious Leadership: Henriette Delille and the Foundation of the Holy Family Sisters," in Glenn R. Conrad, ed., Cross, Crozier, and Crucible: A Volume Celebrating the Bicentennial of a Catholic Diocese in Louisiana (New Orleans: The Archdiocese in cooperation with the Center for Louisiana Studies, 1993), 360-74.
  6. ^ John Steven McGroarty, 1921, 'Los Angeles from the Mountains to the Sea', pp699
  7. ^ Gilbert C. Din (1988). The Canary Islanders of Louisiana. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press. pp. 133–135. ISBN 0-8071-1383-2. Retrieved January 9, 2011.
  8. ^ "San Leandro's History". San Leandro Historical Society. May 28, 2007. Archived from the original on January 30, 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-24.
  9. ^ The California State Military Museum, Captain Antonio Maria de la Guerra by Edson T. Strobridge, originally published in the Summer 2000 issue of La Campana, the quarterly journal of the Santa Barbara Trust for Historic Preservation
  10. ^ Frank W. Sweet (31 July 2005). Legal History of the Color Line: The Rise and Triumph of the One-Drop Rule. Backintyme. p. 380. ISBN 978-0-939479-23-8. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  11. ^ May, Jon D. "Horse, John (ca. 1812–1882)." Oklahoma Historical Society's Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History. Retrieved 26 August 2012.
  12. ^ Goodwin (book)
  13. ^ White, Michael C.; Savage, Thomas (1956). California all the way back to 1828. Los Angeles: G. Dawson. OCLC 1883045.
  14. ^ Poul Morphy Genealogy
  15. ^ Moore (2004), p. 18.
  16. ^ Coalson, Handbook of Texas
  17. ^ Menchaca, Introduction, p. 5.
  18. ^ Dobyns, Henry F. (1959). Tubac Through Four Centuries. Archived 2013-11-13 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2012-07-17.
  19. ^ Downey, Phil, A Black, Jewish Officer in the Civil War, Jewish-American History Documentation Foundation. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
  20. ^ Bennett, Joan; Lois Kibbee (1970). The Bennett Playbill. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. ISBN 0-03-081840-0.
  21. ^ "José Raimundo Carrillo (1749-1809)". Retrieved 2010-04-16.
  22. ^ Conservative and Hispanic, Linda Chavez Carves Out Leadership Niche
  23. ^ "Brothers, because we are descended from the same families who, having left the Canary Islands formed a new advancement for the Spanish crown in inhospitable land ...", speech to the Isleño community of San Antonio, Texas in 1982. Paragraph taken from the book "La odisea de los canarios en Texas y Luisiana (The Odyssey of the Canaries in Texas and Louisiana)", chap. XV, San Fernando, El púlpito de América (The American Pulpit), pag, 99. Balbuema Castellano, José Manuel.
  24. ^ Los latinos en el congreso de EEUU podrían producer cambios.
  25. ^ Memoirs by Lita Grey Chaplin.
  26. ^ Chaplin, Lita Grey and Jeffrey Vance. (1998). Wife of the Life of the Party. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, pg. 2-3; ISBN 0-8108-3432-4.
  27. ^ MeXicana encounters: the making of social identities on the borderlands By Rosa Linda Fregoso
  28. ^ "Somos Primos". Diario El Carabobeño. Retrieved October 5, 2013.
  29. ^ Johnson, Kirk (June 11, 2006). "At Fore on Immigration, Senator Has a Story to Tell". The New York Times. Retrieved February 4, 2011. "...I became the first Mexican-American in the history of our country to ever be elected outside the state of New Mexico."

External links

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