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List of Crusader castles

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Krak des Chevaliers was built during the 12th and 13th centuries by the Knights Hospitaller with later additions by Mamluks. It is a World Heritage Site.[1]
Krak des Chevaliers was built during the 12th and 13th centuries by the Knights Hospitaller with later additions by Mamluks. It is a World Heritage Site.[1]

This is a list of castles in the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East, founded or occupied during the Crusades. For crusader castles in Poland and the Baltic states, see Ordensburg.

Sidon's Sea Castle built by the crusaders as a fortress of the holy land in Sidon, Lebanon.
Sidon's Sea Castle built by the crusaders as a fortress of the holy land in Sidon, Lebanon.

Crusader states

Geographic location on today's map

Crusader castles by modern states

Cyprus

Kyrenia Castle
Kyrenia Castle

Egypt

Greece

Israel

The remains of Belvoir Castle
The remains of Belvoir Castle
Monfort castle
Monfort castle

Discarded proposals

  • Nimrod Fortress, Arabic names Qal'at Nimrud and Qal'at as-Subayba; Ayyubid castle expanded by Baibars, built to protect the road to Damascus from Crusaders and Muslim rivals; wrongly believed to be a Crusader castle; now a national park

Jordan

Montreal (Shaubak)
Montreal (Shaubak)

Doubtful proposals

Discarded proposals

  • Jarash: the Temple of Artemis was reused as a castle by the Damascenes and destroyed by Baldwin II of Jerusalem, was therefore not used by the Crusaders.[6]

Lebanon

Crusader castle in the village of Toron, Lebanon
Crusader castle in the village of Toron, Lebanon

Syria

The remains of Margat
The remains of Margat

Turkey

The ruins of Bagras Castle, viewed from the southeast
The ruins of Bagras Castle, viewed from the southeast

West Bank, Palestine

See also

References

  1. ^ Crac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din, UNESCO, retrieved 2010-11-08
  2. ^ a b c Ellenblum, Ronnie (2007). Crusader Castles and Modern Histories. Cambridge University Press. p. 173. ISBN 9781139462556. Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  3. ^ Pringle, Denys (1997), Secular Buildings in the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: An Archaeological Gazetteer, pp. 106-107
  4. ^ Husseini, Rana (December 18, 2016). "Death toll in Karak attacks rises to 14, including four terrorists". Jordan Times. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
  5. ^ Denys Pringle, "denys+pringle"&source=bl&ots=7l301KM9Np&sig=CSN-FUOwWwWsqzQoFlmt-SflixQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjW44iR7pjbAhUpP5oKHYNODlYQ6AEwAHoECAkQAQ#v=snippet&q=taphila&f=true  Secular Buildings in the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: An Archaeological Gazetteer, 1997, p. 98, "Tafila" (#214). Quotation: Cr[usader names]: Taphila, Traphilia, Traphyla. Probable remains of castle below rectangular Ottoman fort. Martin, lord of Taphilia, mentioned in 1177...."
  6. ^ Denys Pringle, "denys+pringle"&source=bl&ots=7l301KM9Np&sig=CSN-FUOwWwWsqzQoFlmt-SflixQ&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Jarash&f=true  Secular Buildings in the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: An Archaeological Gazetteer, 1997, p. 2
  7. ^ Qalaat Areimeh قلعة العريمة
This page was last edited on 8 June 2020, at 00:00
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