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List of Chinese astronauts

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chinese taikonauts on a 2010 Somalia stamp
Chinese taikonauts on a 2010 Somalia stamp

This is a list of Chinese taikonauts, people trained by the China National Space Administration (CNSA) to command, pilot, or serve as a crew member of a spacecraft.

As the Chinese space program developed during the sixties, various proposals for crewed spacecraft were made. The first crewed spacecraft proposed by the People's Republic of China during the late 1960s and early 1970s was the Shuguang One which was expected to bring the first Chinese astronaut in 1973 into space.[1] For this programme 19 astronauts were selected in 1971.[1] However, shortly after these plans were made, several leading scientists attached to the project were denounced during the Cultural Revolution, bringing progress to a standstill.[1] Instead, NASA astronaut Taylor Wang, a naturalized U.S. citizen born in China, became the first ethnically Chinese person in space in 1985.

The People's Liberation Army Astronaut Corps was established in 1998 for the selection of Shenzhou program astronauts.[2] In 2003, Yang Liwei was launched aboard Shenzhou 5, becoming the first person sent into space by the Chinese space program.[3] This achievement made China the third country to independently send humans into space. During the Shenzhou 7 mission in 2008, Zhai Zhigang became the first Chinese citizen to carry out a spacewalk.[4] In 2012, Liu Yang became the first Chinese woman to be launched into space aboard Shenzhou 9 and also the first aboard a space station Tiangong-1.[5] In 2021, Wang Yaping became the first Chinese woman to walk in space during the Shenzhou 13 mission.[6]

As of 2022, fourteen Chinese nationals have traveled in space.

Astronauts

Flown

Name Name in Chinese Photograph Mission(s) (dates) Notes
Yang Liwei 杨利伟
Yang Liwei.jpg
Shenzhou 5 (October 15, 2003) First Chinese national in space. First solo person in space who was not flown on a Soviet/Russian or American spacecraft.
Fei Junlong 费俊龙
Dyor Fei Junlong.jpg
Shenzhou 6 (October 12–16, 2005) Commander of the first two-person Chinese crew in space.
Nie Haisheng 聂海胜
Nie Haisheng 2010 Somalia stamp.jpg
Shenzhou 6 (October 12–16, 2005)
Shenzhou 10 (June 11–26, 2013)
Shenzhou 12 (June 17–September 17, 2021)
Member of the first two-person Chinese crew in space.
Jing Haipeng 景海鹏
Jing Haipeng.JPG
Shenzhou 7 (September 25–28, 2008)
Shenzhou 9 (June 16–29, 2012)
Shenzhou 11 (October 17-November 18, 2016)
Member of the first three-person Chinese crew in space. First repeat Chinese national in space. Commander of the first Chinese crew to achieve crewed spacecraft docking.
Liu Boming 刘伯明
Liu Boming.JPG
Shenzhou 7 (September 25–28, 2008)
Shenzhou 12 (June 17–September 17, 2021)
Member of the first three-person Chinese crew in space.
Zhai Zhigang 翟志刚
Zhai Zhigang.JPG
Shenzhou 7 (September 25–28, 2008)
Shenzhou 13 (October 15, 2021–April 16, 2022)
First Chinese national to walk in space. Commander of the first Chinese three-person crew in space.
Liu Wang 刘旺
LIU Wang CUHK 2012.JPG
Shenzhou 9 (June 16–29, 2012) Member of the first Chinese crew to achieve crewed spacecraft docking.
Liu Yang 刘洋
LIU Yang CUHK 2012.JPG
Shenzhou 9 (June 16–29, 2012)
Shenzhou 14 (June 5, 2022–present)
First Chinese woman in space. Member of first Chinese crew to achieve crewed spacecraft docking.
Zhang Xiaoguang 张晓光 Shenzhou 10 (June 11–26, 2013) Conducted crewed spacecraft rendezvous and docking.
Wang Yaping 王亚平
Wang Yaping at Shenzhou-13 launch.jpg
Shenzhou 10 (June 11–26, 2013)
Shenzhou 13 (October 15, 2021–April 16, 2022)
Second Chinese female taikonaut and the first Chinese woman to travel twice in space. First Chinese woman to walk in space.
Chen Dong 陈冬
航天员陈冬 Chen Dong.jpg
Shenzhou 11 (October 17–November 18, 2016)
Shenzhou 14 (June 5, 2022–present)
Conducted multiple space experiments.
Tang Hongbo 汤洪波
Tang Hongbo.png
Shenzhou 12 (June 17–September 17, 2021)
Ye Guangfu 叶光富
Ye Guangfu in 2021.jpg
Shenzhou 13 (October 15, 2021–April 16, 2022)
Cai Xuzhe 蔡旭哲
航天员蔡旭哲 Cai Xuzhe.jpg
Shenzhou 14 (June 5, 2022–present)

By selection group

Shuguang Group (May 1970)
  • Chai Hongliang
  • Dong Xiaohai
  • Du Jincheng
  • Fang Guojun
  • Hu Zhanzi
  • Li Shichang
  • Liu Chongfu
  • Liu Zhongyi
  • Lu Xiangxiao
  • Ma Zizhong
  • Meng Senlin
  • Shao Zhijian
  • Wang Fuhe
  • Wang Fuquan
  • Wang Quanbo
  • Wang Rongsen
  • Wang Zhiyue
  • Yu Guilin
  • Zhang Ruxiang
Group 1
October 1996
January 1998
Group 2 (March 2010) [8][9]
Group 3 (October 2020)[10]

China announced that 18 people - 17 men, 1 woman, all of whose names were not revealed - had been selected as new astronauts. The positions were broken down as 7 spacecraft pilots ("aviators of the People's Liberation Army Air Force"), 7 flight engineers ("former researchers or technicians in aeronautics, astronautics and other related fields"), and 4 mission payload specialists ("those involved in space science and through applications for China's manned space program").

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Shuguang 1". Archived from the original on 2007-07-14. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
  2. ^ Xi, Qixin; Fan, Juwei; Liu, Cheng (2003-10-17). Xu, Dongmei (ed.). "中国航天员诞生记" [Birth of Chinese Astronauts]. Xinhua.net. Xinhua. Retrieved 2018-11-11.
  3. ^ "Shenzhou 5". Archived from the original on 2011-06-28. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
  4. ^ "Shenzhou 7". Archived from the original on September 28, 2008. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
  5. ^ Jonathan Amos (18 June 2012). "Shenzhou-9 docks with Tiangong-1". BBC News.
  6. ^ "Shenzhou-13 Crew Conducts First Extravehicular Activities, Wang Yaping Becomes First Female Chinese Astronaut to Spacewalk". Pandaily. 2021-11-08. Retrieved 2021-11-11.
  7. ^ a b c d e Xue, Yanwen; Shan, Ruchao; Li, Xiaofan (2018-01-24). Yang, Ru (ed.). "中国航天员:矢志飞天 初心不改" [Chinese Astronauts: Dedicated to Space Flight, Remain True to Original Intention]. Xinhua News Agency. Archived from the original on November 12, 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-11.
  8. ^ China 2, spacefacts.de
  9. ^ Space.com, "Names of China's Secret Astronauts Revealed by Autographed Envelope", Robert Z. Pearlman, 7 December 2011
  10. ^ Lei, Zhao. "18 picked for nation's 3rd generation of astronauts". China Daily. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
This page was last edited on 30 July 2022, at 05:11
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