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List of chief ministers of Punjab (India)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chief Minister of Punjab, India
Seal of Punjab.gif
Seal of Punjab
Incumbent
Charanjit Singh Channi

since 20 September 2021
StyleThe Honourable (Formal)
Mr. Chief Minister (Informal)
StatusHead of Government
AbbreviationCM
Member ofPunjab Legislative Assembly
Reports toGovernor of Punjab
SeatPunjab Civil Secretariat, Chandigarh
AppointerGovernor of Punjab
Term lengthAt the confidence of the assembly
Chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]
PrecursorPremier of Punjab
Inaugural holderGopi Chand Bhargava
Formation15 August 1947
(74 years ago)
 (1947-08-15)
DeputyDeputy Chief Minister
SalaryMonthly, 230,000 (US$3,200)[2]

The Chief Minister of Punjab, an Indian state, is the head of the government of Punjab. As per the Constitution of India, the Governor of Punjab is the state's head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Punjab Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

History

Punjab Province (1937-1947)

The province of Punjab was then headquartered in Lahore.Under the Government of India Act 1935, a bicameral legislature was set up with a legislative assembly and a legislative council with a government headed by the Prime Minister. The Unionist Party won the Punjab Provincial Assembly elections, 1937 and Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan became the Premier of the Punjab and hold the position till his death in 1942. Khan was succeeded by Sir Khizar Tiwana. In 1946 elections were held the Unionist Party stood fourth place but with the support of Indian National Congress and Shiromani Akali Dal formed the government under Sir Khizar Tiwana. Tiwana later resigned on 2 March 1947 against decision of Partition of India.

Patiala and East Punjab States Union (1948-1956)

Patiala and East Punjab States Union or PEPSU was an Indian state formed by the union of post-partition province of Punjab on the Indian side of the border with eight princely states, which were allowed to maintain their native monarchs. The state was inaugurated on 15 July 1948 and formally became a state in 1950. Among these princely states, six were salute states:- Patiala, Jind, Kapurthala, Nabha, Faridkot and Malerkotla. The other two states were Nalagarh and Kalsia. PEPSU was earlier headed by the Premier, from 1952 the Chief Minister become the head of the government. On 1 November 1956, PEPSU was merged mostly into East Punjab( Punjab from 1950) following the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.

East Punjab (1947-1966)

The state of East Punjab was formed in 1947 later it was renamed to Punjab in 1950. It consisted of the parts of the Punjab Province of British India that went to India following the partition of India. Since 1947, Punjab has had fifteen chief ministers. The first was Gopi Chand Bhargava of the Indian National Congress party, who was sworn-in on 15 August 1947, when India gained independence from the British. He was succeeded by fellow Congressman Bhim Sen Sachar, who was then subsequently replaced after 188 days by former Chief Minister Gopi Chand Bhargava. After a brief term, President Rajendra Prasad placed the Punjab Legislative Assembly under suspension for ninth months to help the state government gets its act together. In 1952, the first state elections took place for the Legislative Assembly. The results of the election saw the return of the Congress government with former Chief Minister Bhim Sen Sachar as its leader. After he resigned in 1956, Partap Singh Kairon became chief minister. Serving until 1964, Kairon remain's one of Punjab's longest-serving chief ministers. He was followed by the returning Chief Minister Gopi Chand Bhargava, who briefly held office as acting chief minister for only 15 days. In July 1964, Ram Kishan assumed the office and served for two years. His tenure was followed by the President's rule which lasted for 119 days. On 1 November 1966, the state of Haryana was partitioned from Punjab and some other districts were given to the state of Himachal Pradesh.

Punjab (Since 1966)

The first chief minister of the newly re-configured state was Giani Gurmukh Singh Musafir who led a Congress government from the Vidhan Parishad, one of only two to have done so. In the 1967 elections, he was voted out of power in favour of the Akali Das Sant Fateh Singh Group whose leader Gurnam Singh became the first non-Congress chief minister. Gurnam Singh's government was succeeded by three short-lived Akali Dal governments—Lachhman Singh Gill's government for less than a year and for a little more than a year under the returning Gurnam Singh and Parkash Singh Badal. After 272 days under President's rule, the Congress party returned to power under future President Zail Singh. In 1977, Parkash Singh Badal became the chief minister for the second time. Darbara Singh became chief minister in 1980 and remained in office for three years before a long period under President's rule. A brief interlude under Surjit Singh Barnala followed, after which three Congress-led governments took office—led by Beant Singh from 1992 to 1995, Harcharan Singh Brar from 1995 to 1996 and Rajinder Kaur Bhattal from 1996 to 1997. Upon taking office, Rajinder Kaur Bhattal became the first female chief minister of Punjab and overall the 8th female chief minister in India.

Parkash Singh Badal assumed office for the third time in 1997 and became the first chief minister, since Kairon's resignation in 1964, to serve a full term. Badal was succeeded by Congressman Amarinder Singh, who also successfully served a full term.

Key

Chief Ministers of the Punjab

Chief Minister of Punjab (1937-1947)

No Name Portrait Party
(Coalition with)
Term of office[3] Constituency Election (Assembly) Appointed by
1 Sikandar Hayat Khan
Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan.png
Unionist Party 5 April 1937 26 December 1942
[d]
5 years, 265 days West Punjab-Landlord 1937 (1) Herbert William Emerson
2 Malik Khizar Hayat Tiwana
Malik Khizar Hayat Khan Tiwana.png
30 December 1942 19 March 1945 2 years, 79 days Khushab Bertrand Glancy
(i) Governor Rule (Bertrand Glancy) - 19 March 1945 21 March 1946 1 year, 2 days - - Viscount Wavell
(2) Malik Khizar Hayat Tiwana
Malik Khizar Hayat Khan Tiwana.png
Unionist Party
(INC and SAD)
21 March 1946 2 March 1947 346 days Khushab 1946 (2) Bertrand Glancy
(ii) Governor Rule (Evan Meredith Jenkins) - 2 March 1947 15 August 1947
[pd]
166 days - - Earl Mountbatten

PEPSU (1948-1956)

No Name Portrait Party
(coalition with)
Term of office[4] Election (Assembly) Appointed by
List of Premier of PEPSU (1948-1952)
1 Gian Singh Rarewala
Gian Singh Rarewala ex CM.png
IND
(SAD)
15 July 1948 13 January 1949 2 years, 312 days Caretaker Government Yadavindra Singh
13 January 1949 23 May 1951 Not yet created
2 Raghbir Singh
Raghbir Singh.jpg
Indian National Congress 23 May 1951 21 April 1952 334 days
Chief Minister of PEPSU (1952-1956)
1 Gian Singh Rarewala
Gian Singh Rarewala ex CM.png
IND
(UDF)
22 April 1952 5 March 1953 317 days 1952 (1) Yadavindra Singh
(i) Vacant[a]
(President's rule)
- 5 March 1953 8 March 1954 1 year, 3 days - Rajendra Prasad
2 Raghbir Singh
Raghbir Singh.jpg
Indian National Congress 8 March 1954 12 January 1955
[d]
310 days 1954 (2) Yadavindra Singh
3 Brish Bhan
Brish Bhan.png
12 January 1955 1 November 1956
[pd]
1 year, 294 days

Chief Minister of Punjab

Name Portrait Party
(coalition with)
Term of office[6] Constituency Elections
(Vidhan Sabha)
Appointed by(Governor)
1 Gopi Chand Bhargava
Gopi Chand Bhargava.png
Indian National Congress 15 August 1947 13 April 1949[b] 1 year, 241 days University - (Interim Assembly) Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi
2 Bhim Sen Sachar
Bhim Sen Sachar.png
13 April 1949 18 October 1949 188 days Lahore City
(1) Gopi Chand Bhargava
Gopi Chand Bhargava.png
18 October 1949 20 June 1951 1 year, 245 days University
(i) Vacant[a]
(President's rule)
None 20 June 1951 17 April 1952 302 days - Rajendra Prasad
(2) Bhim Sen Sachar
Bhim Sen Sachar.png
Indian National Congress 17 April 1952 22 July 1953[c] 3 years, 281 days Ludhiana City South 1952 (1st) Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi
22 July 1953 23 January 1956 Chandeshwar Prasad Narayan Singh
3 Partap Singh Kairon
Partap Singh Kairon.png
23 January 1956 9 April 1957 8 years, 150 days  Sujanpur
9 April 1957 11 March 1962 1957 (2nd)
11 March 1962 21 June 1964 1962 (3rd) Narhar Vishnu Gadgil
- Gopi Chand Bhargava
Gopi Chand Bhargava.png
21 June 1964[d] 6 July 1964 15 days MLC in Vidhan Parishad Hafiz Mohamad Ibrahim
4 Ram Kishan
Ram Kishan.png
7 July 1964 5 July 1966 1 year, 363 days Jalandhar City North East
(ii) Vacant[a]
(President's rule)
None 5 July 1966 1 November 1966 119 days - Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
5 Giani Gurmukh Singh Musafir
Giani Gurmukh Singh Musafir.png
Indian National Congress 1 November 1966 8 March 1967 127 days MLC in Vidhan Parishad — (3rd) Dharma Vira
6 Gurnam Singh
Justice Gurnam Singh (cropped).jpg
Akali Dal - Sant Fateh Singh
(BJS-CPI)
8 March 1967 25 November 1967 262 days Qila Raipur 1967 (4th)
7 Lachhman Singh Gill
Lachhman Singh Gill.png
Punjab Janta Party
(INC)
25 November 1967 23 August 1968 272 days  Dharamkot D. C. Pavate
(iii) Vacant[a]
(President's rule)
None 23 August 1968 17 February 1969 178 days - Zakir Hussain
(6) Gurnam Singh
Justice Gurnam Singh (cropped).jpg
Shiromani Akali Dal
(BJS)
17 February 1969 27 March 1970 1 year, 38 days Qila Raipur 1969 (5th) D. C. Pavate
8 Parkash Singh Badal
Parkash Singh Badal.png
27 March 1970 14 June 1971 1 year, 79 days Giddarbaha
(iv) Vacant[a]
(President's rule)
None 14 June 1971 17 March 1972 277 days - Varahagiri Venkata Giri
9 Zail Singh
Giani Zail Singh 1995 stamp of India (cropped).png
Indian National Congress 17 March 1972 30 April 1977 5 years, 44 days Anandpur Sahib 1972 (6th) D. C. Pavate
(v) Vacant[a]
(President's rule)
None 30 April 1977 20 June 1977 51 days - B. D. Jatti
(8) Parkash Singh Badal
Parkash Singh Badal.png
Shiromani Akali Dal
(JP-CPI)
20 June 1977 17 February 1980 2 years, 242 days  Gidderbaha 1977 (7th) Mahendra Mohan Choudhry
(vi) Vacant[a]
(President's rule)
None 17 February 1980 6 June 1980 110 days - Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
10 Darbara Singh
Darbara Singh ex-cm.png
Indian National Congress (Indira) 6 June 1980 6 October 1983 3 years, 122 days Nakodar 1980 (8th) Jaisukh lal Hathi
(vii) Vacant[a]
(President's rule)
None 6 October 1983 29 September 1985 1 year, 358 days - Zail Singh
11 Surjit Singh Barnala
The Vice President, Shri Mohd. Hamid Ansari with the Governor of Tamil Nadu, Shri Surjit Singh Barnala and the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, Dr. Kalaignar M. Karunanidhi (cropped) (Surjit Singh Barnala).png
Shiromani Akali Dal 29 September 1985 11 June 1987 1 year, 255 days Barnala 1985 (9th) Arjun Singh
(viii) Vacant[a]
(President's rule)
None 11 June 1987 25 February 1992 4 years, 259 days - Zail Singh
12 Beant Singh
Beant Singh 2013 stamp of India (cropped).png
Indian National Congress (Indira) 25 February 1992 31 August 1995
[†]
3 years, 187 days  Jalandhar Cantonment 1992 (10th) Surendra Nath
13 Harcharan Singh Brar
Harcharan Singh Brar ex CM.png
31 August 1995 21 November 1996 1 year, 82 days Muktsar B. K. N. Chhibber
14 Rajinder Kaur Bhattal
Rajinder Kaur Bhattal.jpg
21 November 1996 11 February 1997 82 days Lehra
(8) Parkash Singh Badal
Parkash Singh Badal.png
Shiromani Akali Dal
(BJP)
12 February 1997 26 February 2002 5 years, 14 days Lambi 1997 (11th)
15 Amarinder Singh
Amarinder Singh.jpg
Indian National Congress 26 February 2002 1 March 2007 5 years, 3 days Patiala Urban 2002 (12th) J. F. R. Jacob
(8) Parkash Singh Badal
Parkash Singh Badal.png
Shiromani Akali Dal
(BJP)
1 March 2007 14 March 2012 10 years, 15 days Lambi 2007 (13th) S. F. Rodrigues
14 March 2012 16 March 2017 2012 (14th) Shivraj Patil
(15) Amarinder Singh
Amarinder Singh.jpg
Indian National Congress 16 March 2017 20 September 2021 4 years, 188 days Patiala Urban 2017 (15th) V. P. Singh Badnore
16 Charanjit Singh Channi
Charanjit Singh Channi.png
20 September 2021 Incumbent 4 days Chamkaur Sahib Banwarilal Purohit

List of Chief Ministers by Party

Following is the summary of hold of Chief Minister's office by members of Indian political parties.

S. No. Party Number of Chief Ministers Total days of holding CM Office
1 Indian National Congress 14 16500 days
2 Shiromani Akali Dal 3 7977 days
3 Unionist Party 2 3251 days
4 Independent 1 2090 days
5 Punjab Janta Party 1 272 days
6 Akali Dal Fateh Singh 1 262 days

Parties by number of their members served as Punjab Chief Ministers

2.5
5
7.5
10
12.5
15
INC
SAD
UP
ADSF
PJP
IND

Living former Chief Ministers of Punjab

As of 24 September 2021, there are three Living former chief ministers of Punjab:

The most recent death of a former chief minister was that of Surjit Singh Barnala on 14 January 2017.[7]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[5]
  2. ^ Bhargava resigned from the post of chief minister on 6 April 1949 but hold the office till Sachar succeeded him on 13 April.
  3. ^ Sachar resigned from the post of Chief Minister due to the differences with cabinet ministers Sri Ram Sharma, but on same day re-sworn as Chief Minister.
  4. ^ Bhargava was also the only caretaker Chief Minister who served for few days due to the resignation of Partap Singh Kairon.

References

  1. ^ a b Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Punjab as well.
  2. ^ Captain Amarinder Singh. Pay Check. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  3. ^ World statesman - British India
  4. ^ worldstatesmen.org PEPSU
  5. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.
  6. ^ page v of Punjab Vidhan Sabha Compendium.Retrieved on 25 September 2018.
  7. ^ The Hindu, 14 January 2017. Surjit Singh Barnala passes away. Retrieved 11 February 2021.

External links

This page was last edited on 23 September 2021, at 06:55
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