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List of BMW vehicles

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The following is a list of BMW automobiles and motorcycles, ordered by year of introduction.

Current production models

Model Calendar year
Current model Vehicle description
Introduction Update/facelift
BMW F40 IMG 0432.jpg

1 Series (F40)
1 Series (F40) 2004 2019 C-segment/Subcompact executive hatchback.
BMW 1 Series Sedan (F52; China).jpg

1 Series (F52)
1 Series (F52) 2017 2017 China and Mexico only C-segment/Subcompact executive sedan.
2020 BMW M235i xDrive Gran Coupe Front.jpg

2 Series Gran Coupé
2 Series Gran Coupé 2020 2020 C-segment/Subcompact executive fastback sedan.
BMW G42 1X7A0370.jpg

2 Series
2 Series 2014 2021 C-segment/Subcompact executive coupé
2019 BMW 318d SE Automatic 2.0 Front.jpg

3 Series
3 Series 1975 2018 2022 D-segment/compact executive sedan and wagon.
2020 BMW 420i Sport Automatic 2.0.jpg

4 Series
4 Series 2014 2020 D-segment/compact executive coupé, convertible and liftback.
BMW G30 FL IMG 5351.jpg

5 Series
5 Series 1972 2016 2020 E-segment/executive sedan and wagon.
BMW 640d GT xDrive 1X7A0311.jpg

6 Series
6 Series 1976 2017 2020 E-segment/executive fastback.
2019 BMW 740Li Automatic facelift 3.0.jpg

7 Series
7 Series 1977 2022 F-segment/full-size luxury sedan.
BMW G14 IMG 6039.jpg

8 Series
8 Series 1990 2018 Grand tourer coupé and convertible & E-segment/executive fastback sedan
2020 BMW X1 sDrive18i xLine Automatic facelift 1.5 Front.jpg

X1 2009 2022 C-segment/subcompact crossover SUV.
2018 BMW X2 xDrive20d SE Automatic 2.0.jpg

X2 2018 2018 C-segment/subcompact crossover SUV.
2018 BMW X3 xDrive30d M Sport Automatic 3.0 Front.jpg

X3 2003 2017 2021 D-segment/compact crossover SUV
2018 BMW X4 xDrive20d M Sport Automatic 2.0 Front.jpg

X4 2014 2018 2021 D-segment/compact crossover coupé SUV
2019 BMW X5 M50d Automatic 3.0.jpg

X5 1999 2019 E-segment/mid-size crossover SUV.
BMW G06 IMG 3715.jpg

X6 2008 2020 E-segment/mid-size crossover coupé SUV.
BMW G07 IMG 4075.jpg

X7 2018 2018 2022 F-segment/full-size SUV.
2019 BMW Z4 M40i Automatic 3.0.jpg

Z4 2003 2018 Two-seat roadster part of the Z line of sports cars
BMW U06 IMG 6802.jpg

2 Series Active Tourer
2 Series Active Tourer 2014 2021 Two-row compact MPV.
Electric cars
2018 BMW i3 facelift (1).jpg

i3 2013 2013 2017 B-segment/subcompact electric hatchback
i3 (G28) i3 (G28) 2022 2022 China only D-segment/compact executive electric sedan.
BMW i4 IMG 6695.jpg

i4 2021 2021 D-segment/compact executive electric liftback.
i7 i7 2022 2022 F-segment/full-size electric luxury sedan.
iX1 iX1 2022 2022 C-segment/subcompact electric crossover SUV
BMW iX3 G08 IMG 5940.jpg

iX3 2020 2020 2021 D-segment/compact electric crossover SUV
BMW iX IAA 2021 1X7A0204.jpg

iX 2021 2021 E-segment/mid-size electric crossover SUV.
Model Calendar year
Introduction (model code) Update/facelift Vehicle description
Current model


1934 BMW 303
1950 BMW 340
1981 BMW M1
2006 BMW Z4
2007 BMW X5
2013 BMW i3
2019 BMW X7
2021 BMW iX3
Production cars
Model series Years Vehicle class
3/15 1927–1932 Economy car
3/20 PS 1932–1934 Compact car
303 1933–1937 Compact car
328 1936–1940 Roadster
326 1936–1941 Mid-size luxury car
327 1937–1941 Grand tourer
320 1937–1938 Mid-size luxury car
321 1938–1941 Mid-size luxury car
335 1939–1941 Full-size luxury car
321 1945–1950 Mid-size luxury car
326 1945–1946 Mid-size luxury car
327 1946–1955 Grand tourer
340 1949–1955 Full-size luxury car
501 1952–1962 Mid-size luxury car
Isetta 1953–1962 Microcar
503 1956–1959 Grand tourer
507 1956–1959 Roadster
700 1959–1965 Compact car
3200 CS 1962–1965 Grand tourer
New Class (sedans) 1962–1972 Mid-size luxury car
New Class (coupés) 1965–1969 Grand tourer
02 Series 1966–1977 Compact executive car
New Six coupés (E9) 1968–1975 Grand tourer
New Six sedans (E3) 1968–1977 Full-size luxury car
5 Series (E12) 1972–1981 Mid-size luxury car
3 Series (E21) 1975–1983 Compact executive car
6 Series (E24) 1976–1989 Grand tourer
7 Series (E23) 1977–1987 Full-size luxury car
M1 1978–1981 Sports car
5 Series (E28) 1981–1988 Mid-size luxury car
3 Series (E30) 1982–1994 Compact executive car
7 Series (E32) 1986–1994 Full-size luxury car
5 Series (E34) 1987–1996 Mid-size luxury car
Z1 1989–1991 Roadster
8 Series (E31) 1989–1999 Grand tourer
3 Series (E36) 1990–2000 Compact executive car
7 Series (E38) 1994–2001 Full-size luxury car
Z3 1995–2002 Roadster and coupé
5 Series (E39) 1995–2003 Mid-size luxury car
3 Series (E46) 1998–2006 Compact executive car
X5 (E53) 1999–2006 Mid-size luxury SUV
Z8 2000–2003 Roadster
7 Series (E65/E66) 2001–2008 Full-size luxury car
Z4 (E85/E86) 2002–2008 Roadster, coupé
5 Series (E60/E61) 2003–2010 Mid-size luxury car
6 Series (E63/E64) 2003–2010 Grand tourer
X3 (E83) 2003–2010 Compact luxury SUV
1 Series (E81/E82/E87/E88) 2004–2013 Hatchback, coupé, convertible
3 Series (E90/E91/E92/E93) 2005–2013 Compact executive car
X5 (E70) 2006–2013 Mid-size luxury SUV
X6 (E71) 2008–2014 Mid-size luxury SUV
7 Series (F01/F02) 2008–2015 Full-size luxury car
Z4 (E89) 2009–2016 Roadster
X1 (E84) 2009–2015 Sub-compact luxury SUV
5 Series (F07/F10/F11) 2010–2017 Mid-size luxury car
6 Series (F06/F12/F13) 2011–2018 Grand tourer
X3 (F25) 2011–2017 Compact luxury SUV
1 Series (F20/F21) 2011–2019 Subcompact car
3 Series (F30/F31/F34) 2011–2020 Compact executive car
i3 2013–present Subcompact car (electric)
4 Series (F32/F33/F36) 2013–2020 Compact executive car
2 Series (F22/F23) 2013–2021 Subcompact car
X5 (F15) 2013–2018 Mid-size luxury SUV
2 Series (F45/F46) 2014–present Subcompact MPV
i8 2014–2020 Sports car (hybrid)
X4 (F26) 2014–2018 Compact luxury SUV
X6 (F16) 2014–2019 Mid-size luxury SUV
X1 (F48) 2015–present Compact luxury SUV
7 Series (G11/G12) 2015–present Full-size luxury car
5 Series (G30/G31) 2016–present Mid-size luxury car
1 Series (F52) 2017–present Subcompact executive car
6 Series (G32) 2017–present Grand tourer
X3 (G01) 2017–present Compact luxury SUV
X2 (F39) 2018–present Compact luxury SUV
X4 (G02) 2018–present Compact luxury SUV
X5 (G05) 2018–present Mid-size luxury SUV
8 Series (G14/G15/G16) 2018–present Grand tourer
Z4 (G29) 2018–present Roadster
3 Series (G20/G21) 2019–present Compact executive car
1 Series (F40) 2019–present Subcompact car
X6 (G06) 2019–present Mid-size luxury SUV
X7 (G07) 2019–present Full-size luxury SUV
2 Series (F44) 2019–present Subcompact car
4 Series (G22/G23/G26) 2020–present Compact executive car
iX3 2020–present Compact luxury SUV
iX 2021–present Midsize luxury SUV
i4 2021–present Compact executive car
2 Series (G42) 2021–present Subcompact car
2 Series (U06) 2021–present Subcompact MPV
7 Series (G70) 2022–present Full-size luxury car
i7 2022–present Full-size luxury car


BMW Motorrad has produced motorcycles bearing the BMW name since the introduction of the BMW R32 in 1923. Prior to that date it produced engines for other manufacturers' motorcycles.

2010 BMW R1200GS
2010 BMW R1200GS

Present day


Three digit model names

Beginning with the 1972 E12 5 Series, most BMW automobiles (except for the i Series, X Series and Z Series) have used a model name consisting of three numbers, usually followed by one or two letters.

In this naming system:

  • The first number represents the model series[1]
  • The last two digits represent the engine displacement in dekalitres (litres times 10).[2]
  • The letters provide additional information on the model variant.

Using the examples of the 318is, 125d and 760Li model names:

  • 318is means a 3 Series with a 1.8 litre engine, with the "i" meaning a fuel-injected petrol engine and the "s" meaning that sport options are fitted.
  • 125d means a 1 Series with a 2.5 litres engine, with the "d" meaning a diesel engine.
  • 760Li means a 7 Series with a 6.0 litre, with the "L" meaning a long-wheelbase model and the "i" meaning a fuel-injected petrol engine.

In Germany the model series are referred to by their German pronunciation: Einser ("One-er") for the 1 Series, Dreier ("Three-er") for the 3 Series, Fünfer ("Five-er") for the 5 Series, Sechser ("Six-er") for the 6 Series and Siebener ("Seven-er") for the 7 Series. These are not actually slang, but are the normal way that such letters and numbers are pronounced in German.[3]


There are various models where the engine size is not as implied by the last two digits, such as when a turbocharged engine is used. For example:

  • From 1976 to 1986, various models using a 3.2 litre version of the M30 engine were named 533i, 633i, etc.
  • Similarly, from 1987 to 1992, the models using a 3.4 litre version of the M30 engine were named 535i, 635i, etc.
  • The 1982 to 1987 models using a 2.7 litre version of the M20 were called the 325e and 525e (528e in the United States).
  • The 1980 to 1983 European 745i models used a turbocharged 3.2–3.4 litre engine.
  • From 1994 to 1999, models using the 5.4 litre M73 engine were named 750i and 850Ci.
  • Similarly, from 1996 to 1999, models using a 4.4 litre version of the M62 engine were named 540i, 740i and 840Ci. From 2001 to 2007, the situation was reversed, because models using a 4.4 litre version of the N62 engine were named 545i, 645i and 745i. Models using a 4.8 litre version of the N62 engine were named 550i, 650i and 750i.
  • From 1996 to 2001, the 318i model used a 1.9 litre version of the M44 engine. Then from 2001, the 318i model used 2.0 litre engines. Since 2015, the 318i model has used a 1.5 litre turbocharged engine.
  • Since 1995, various models using a 2.5 litre six-cylinder engine have been named 323i and 523i. For the E36, E46 and E39, this was due to the previous 325i/525i models being higher in the model range than the new models, therefore a lower number was used to indicate to customers that it was not a highly equipped model.
  • Similarly, from 2007 to 2013, various models using a detuned 3.0 litre six-cylinder engine have been named 125i, 128i, 325i and 528i.
  • Also, several diesel models using a 3.0 litre six-cylinder engine during this time were named 125d, 325d, etc.
  • The increasing use of turbochargers has resulted in the model name no longer representing the engine displacement.[4] This began in 2005, when the N54 3.0 litre turbo petrol engine was introduced in the E92 335i model. More recent examples are a 1.5 litre turbo petrol engine being used in the 116i and 318i models, and a 3.0 litre turbo diesel engine being used in the 540d and 750d models.

Even for non-turbo engines, the number of cylinders cannot be determined from the model name. For example, the 1987–1991 530i uses a six-cylinder engine, the 1992–1996 530i uses a V8 engine and the 2000–2016 530i uses a six-cylinder engine (to add to the confusion, just prior to the 1992 V8 530i being introduced, the 535i model used a six-cylinder engine).

BMW 320d, with badge signifying diesel model
BMW 320d, with badge signifying diesel model


The meaning of letters can change between models. The most commonly used letters are:

  • d = diesel engine
  • i = fuel-injected petrol engine[5]
  • L = long wheelbase – sometimes the L is the first letter (e.g. 750Li), and sometimes it is the last letter (e.g. 750iL).
  • td = turbodiesel
  • x / xDrive = all-wheel drive – sometimes the x is the first letter (e.g. 325xi), and sometimes it is the last letter (e.g. 325ix)

Other letters include:

X Series and Z Series

Until 2009, the model name for X Series and Z Series vehicles was:

  • The engine size in litres
  • Followed by an "i" for petrol engines or a "d" for diesel engines

Examples of this naming convention are "X5 3.0d" and "Z3 1.8i".[6] Sometimes an "s" was added after the engine size for higher performance models (for example, "Z4 3.0si" and "X5 4.8is").

Since 2009, a revised model naming system has been used.[7] The model names are as follows:

  • "sDrive" for rear-wheel drive or "xDrive" for all-wheel drive.[8]
  • Then the nominal engine size in litres times 10 (e.g. "25" for a 2.5 litre engine), although many of the anomalies described above also apply here.
  • Lastly, "i" for petrol engines or "d" for diesel engines.

Examples of this naming convention are "X3 xDrive28d" and "Z4 sDrive30i". Sometimes an "s" was added at the end for higher performance models (for example, "Z4 sDrive 35is").

BMW M models of X Series and Z Series models typically just have the model name "M" (e.g. X6 M, Z4 M). "M Performance" models have the letter "M" inserted after the series, followed by the rest of the naming convention for the non-M models (e.g. X6 M50d).

BMW M logo, used as a badge on M models
BMW M logo, used as a badge on M models

M Models

An "M' – for Motorsport – identifies the vehicle as a high-performance model of a particular series (e.g. M2, M3, M4, M5, M6, M8, etc.).[9] For example, the M8 is the highest performing vehicle in the 8 Series lineup.


Concept vehicles

See also


  1. ^ "BMW nomenclature and naming system explained". Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  2. ^ "BMW Canada website". Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  3. ^ Schmitt, Peter A (2004). Langenscheidt Fachwörterbuch Technik und Angewandte Wissenschaften: Englisch – Deutsch / Deutsch – Englisch (2nd ed.). Langenscheidt Fachverlag. ISBN 978-3-86117-233-8.
  4. ^ "A Case For BMW's New Naming Scheme". Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  5. ^ "BMW models naming convention". Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  6. ^ "X3 E83 LCI model selection". Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  7. ^ "X3 F25 model selection". Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  8. ^ "FAQ from the recent BMW Press Conference". Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  9. ^ "Understanding BMW naming conventions". Retrieved 14 September 2017.
This page was last edited on 4 August 2022, at 22:17
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