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List of American Civil War generals (Union)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Transcription

Union generals

Union generals: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

The following lists show the names, substantive ranks, and brevet ranks (if applicable) of all general officers who served in the United States Army during the Civil War, in addition to a small selection of lower-ranked officers who received brevets as general officers; while some 1,600 officers received or were nominated for brevets as general officers in the course of the war (or immediately following it for service during the war),[1] only a small selection is listed here; only those who were killed in action, served as department heads within the army, had revoked or incomplete appointments or became U.S. President are listed here.

In addition to their names and ranks, there is a small set of notes after every entry listing Medal of Honor or Thanks of Congress citations, West Point graduation dates, important political or Army offices held, retirements or deaths during the war (whether in action or other means), notable relations, rejections or expiration of appointments, or unique facts pertaining to this article (i.e. youngest general, last surviving general, etc.); for all other information on their lives and accomplishments, please refer to their individual entries.

If available, ranks are followed by the "to rank from" dates (i.e. the date on which the commission is effective) rather than the date of appointment or confirmation, which were generally months if not years later; this is particularly true in the case of brevets, most of which were granted after the war between 1866 and 1869.

Note on abbreviations:

A

Image Name Substantive
rank
Brevet
rank
Notes
Henry Livermore Abbott in uniform.jpg
Abbott, Henry Livermore Major, USV
(October 10, 1863)
Brigadier general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
KIA, Battle of the Wilderness (May 6, 1864)
John Joseph Abercrombie - Brady-Handy.jpg
Abercrombie, John Joseph Colonel, USA
(February 25, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(August 31, 1861)
Brigadier general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1822
Resigned June 24, 1865
RAllen.jpg
Allen, Robert Colonel, USA
(February 19, 1862)
Brigadier general, USV
(May 23, 1863)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1836
Benjamin Alvord mathematician - Brady-Handy.jpg
Alvord, Benjamin Major, USA
(June 22, 1854)
Brigadier general, USV
(April 15, 1862)
Brigadier general, USA
(April 9, 1865)
USMA, 1833
Adelbert Ames.jpg
Ames, Adelbert Captain, USA
(June 11, 1864)
Brigadier general, USV
(May 20, 1863)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(January 15, 1865)
USMA, 1861
MOH, First Battle of Bull Run (July 21, 1861)
Provisional Governor Mississippi (1868–1869)
U.S. Senator from Mississippi (1870–1874)
Governor of Mississippi (1875)
Last surviving Union General, d. April 13, 1933
Son-in-law of Benjamin Franklin Butler
JAmmen.jpg
Ammen, Jacob Brigadier general, USV
(July 16, 1862)
USMA, 1831
Resigned January 14, 1865
Major Robert Anderson.jpg
Anderson, Robert Brigadier general, USA
(May 15, 1861)
Major general, USA
(February 3, 1865)
USMA, 1825
Retired October 27, 1863
Christopher Columbus Andrews - Brady-Handy.jpg
Andrews, Christopher Columbus Brigadier general, USV
(January 5, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 9, 1865)
GLAndrews.jpg
Andrews, George Leonard Brigadier general, USV
(November 10, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 26, 1865)
USMA, 1851
Resigned, 1855
Timothy Patrick Andrews.jpg
Andrews, Timothy Patrick Colonel, USA
(September 6, 1862)
Brigadier general, USA
(September 13, 1847)
Paymaster General (1862–1864)
Retired November 29, 1864
Rejected a commission as brevet brigadier general, USA (March 13, 1865) on the basis that he already possessed such an appointment
Gen. Lewis G. Arnold (1864 engraving).jpg
Arnold, Lewis Golding Lieutenant colonel, USA
(August 1, 1863)
Brigadier general, USV
(January 24, 1862)
USMA, 1837
Retired February 8, 1864
Gen-RArnold.jpg
Arnold, Richard Captain, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(August 22, 1865)
USMA, 1850
ASAsboth.jpg
Asboth, Alexander Sandor Brigadier general, USV
(March 21, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Appointed brigadier general, USV (September 3, 1861) by John Charles Frémont who lacked the authority to make such an appointment
United States Minister to Argentina and Uruguay (1866–1868)
Christopher C. Augur - Brady-Handy.jpg
Augur, Christopher Columbus Lieutenant colonel, USA
(July 1, 1863)
Major general, USV
(August 9, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1843
William W Averell.png
Averell, William Woods Captain, USA
(July 17, 1862)
Brigadier general, USV
(September 26, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(August 7, 1864)
USMA, 1855
Romeyn B. Ayres - Brady-Handy.jpg
Ayres, Romeyn Beck Captain, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(August 1, 1864)
USMA, 1847

B

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Josephbailey.jpg
Bailey, Joseph Brigadier general, USV
(November 10, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Received the Thanks of Congress (June 4, 1864)
Absalom Baird.jpg
Baird, Absalom Major, USA
(November 12, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(April 28, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(September 1, 1864)
USMA, 1849
MOH, Battle of Jonesborough (September 1, 1864)
Edward Dickinson Baker.jpg
Baker, Edward Dickinson Major general, USV
(September 21, 1861)
KIA, Battle of Ball's Bluff (October 21, 1861)
Rejected appointment as brigadier general, USV (May 17, 1861)
Promoted to major general, USV posthumously
U.S. Congressman from Illinois (1845–1846, 1849–1851)
U.S. Senator from Oregon (1860–1861)
Lafayette Curry Baker.jpg
Baker, Lafayette Curry Colonel, USV, DC Cavalry
(May 5, 1863)
Nominated brigadier general by President Andrew Johnson April 26, 1865, but never confirmed
GenNPBanks.jpg
Banks, Nathaniel Prentiss Major general, USV
(May 16, 1861)
Received the Thanks of Congress (January 28, 1864)
U.S. Congressman from Massachusetts (1853–1857, 1865–1873, 1875–1879, 1889–1891)
Speaker of the House (1856–1857)
Governor of Massachusetts (1858–1861)
Francis C. Barlow.jpg
Barlow, Francis Channing Major general, USV
(May 25, 1865)
John G Barnard.jpg
Barnard, John Gross Colonel, USA
(December 28, 1865)
Brigadier general, USV
(September 23, 1861)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(July 4, 1864)
USMA, 1833
Superintendent, USMA (1855–1856)
James Barnes.JPG
Barnes, James Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
General Joseph K. Barnes.jpg
Barnes, Joseph K., M.D. Brigadier general, USA
(August 22, 1864)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Surgeon General (1864–1882)
Surgeon at the deathbeds of Presidents Abraham Lincoln and James Abram Garfield
Henry Alanson Barnum.jpg
Barnum, Henry Alanson Brigadier general, USV
(May 31, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Lookout Mountain (November 24, 1863)
William Farquhar Barry - LoC Civil War.jpg
Barry, William Farquhar Colonel, USA
(December 11, 1865)
Brigadier general, USV
(August 20, 1861)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(September 1, 1864)
USMA, 1838
Brig Gen Joseph Jackson Bartlett.jpg
Bartlett, Joseph Jackson Brigadier general, USV
(March 30, 1863)
Major general, USV
(August 1, 1864)
Original appointment as brigadier general, USV (October 4, 1862) expired March 4, 1863

U.S. minister to Sweden and Norway (1867–1869)

A record of the dedication of the statue of Major General William Francis Bartlett (1905) (14587680788).jpg
Bartlett, William Francis Brigadier general, USV
(June 20, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Gen-Hbaxter.jpg
Baxter, Henry Brigadier general, USV
(March 12, 1863)
Major general, USV
(April 1, 1865)
U.S. minister to Honduras (1869–1873)
GDBayard.jpg
Bayard, George Dashiell Captain, USA
(August 20, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(April 28, 1862)
USMA, 1856
DOW, Battle of Fredericksburg (w. December 13, 1862, d. December 14, 1862)
Gen-GLBeal.jpg
Beal, George Lafayette Brigadier general, USV
(November 30, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
John Beatty (1909).jpg
Beatty, John Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1868–1873)
SamuelBeatty.jpg
Beatty, Samuel Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1863)
William Belknap, Brady-Handy bw photo portrait, ca1855-1865.jpg
Belknap, William Worth Brigadier general, USV
(July 30, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Secretary of War (1869–1876)
Lewis Benedict Col 162d NYVI.JPG
Benedict, Lewis Colonel, USV
(September 12, 1862)
Brigadier general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
KIA, Battle of Pleasant Hill (April 9, 1864)
Henry W Benham.jpg
Benham, Henry Washington Major
(August 6, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(August 13, 1861)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1837
Gen-WPBenton.jpg
Benton, William Plummer Brigadier general, USV
(April 28, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 26, 1865)
HGBerry.jpg
Berry, Hiram Gregory Major general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
KIA, Battle of Chancellorsville (May 3, 1863)
Daniel Davidson Bidwell.jpg
Bidwell, Daniel Davidson Brigadier general, USV
(August 11, 1864)
KIA, Battle of Cedar Creek (October 19, 1864)
Henry Warner Birge.jpg
Birge, Henry Warner Brigadier general, USV
(September 19, 1863)
Major general, USV
(February 25, 1865)
David B. Birney - Brady-Handy.jpg
Birney, David Bell Major general, USV
(May 20, 1863)
Died of illness, October 18, 1864
Brother of William Birney
William Birney.jpg
Birney, William Brigadier general, USV
(May 22, 1863)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Brother of David Bell Birney
FrancisPBlair-small.png
Blair, Francis Preston Jr. Major general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Declined appointment as brigadier general, USV (August 7, 1861)
U.S. Congressman from Missouri (1857–1859, 1861–1862, 1863–1864)
U.S. Senator from Missouri (1871–1873)
Brother of Postmaster General Montgomery Blair
Brig Gen William Blaisdell.png
Blaisdell, William E. Colonel, USV
(October 11, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(June 23, 1864)
KIA, Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road (June 23, 1864)
General Blenker.jpg
Blenker, Louis
(b. Blenker, Ludwig)
Brigadier general, USV
(August 9, 1861)
Mustered out March 31, 1863
General James G. Blunt USA.jpg
Blunt, James Gillpatrick Major general, USV
(March 16, 1863)
American Civil War Union Brigadier General - Henry Bohlen.jpg
Bohlen, Henry Brigadier general, USV
(April 28, 1862)
KIA in reconnaissance over the Rappahannock River, Virginia (August 22. 1862)
James Bowen.jpg
Bowen, James Brigadier general, USV
(October 11, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned July 27, 1864
ThomasMBowen.jpg
Bowen, Thomas Meade Colonel, USV
(September 20, 1862)
Brigadier general, USV
(February 13, 1865)
Territorial Governor of Idaho (1871)
U.S. Senator from Colorado (1883–1889)
Gen-jboyle.jpg
Boyle, Jeremiah Tilford Brigadier general, USV
(November 9, 1861)
Resigned January 26, 1864
L P Bradley ACW colonel.JPG
Bradley, Luther Prentice Brigadier general, USV
(June 30, 1864)
GenESBragg.jpg
Bragg, Edward Stuyvesant Brigadier general, USV
(June 25, 1864)
U.S. Congressman from Wisconsin (1877–1883, 1885–1887)
U.S. minister to Mexico
John M Brannan.jpg
Brannan, John Milton Major, USA
(August 1, 1863)
Brigadier general, USV
(September 28, 1861)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(January 23, 1865)
USMA, 1841
Masonbrayman.jpg
Brayman, Mason Brigadier general, USV
(September 24, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Territorial Governor of Idaho (1876–1880)
Henry Brewerton.jpg
Brewerton, Henry Colonel, USA
(April 22, 1864)
Brigadier general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1819
Superintendent, USMA (1845–1852)
Gen Benjamin Brice.jpg
Brice, Benjamin William Colonel, USA
(November 29, 1864)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Paymaster General (1864–1872)
Henry Shaw Briggs.jpg
Briggs, Henry Shaw Brigadier general, USV
(July 17, 1862)
J S Brisbin ACW.JPG
Brisbin, James Sanks Captain, USA
(August 5, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(May 1, 1865)
Colonel, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Thornton Fleming Brodhead.jpg
Brodhead, Thornton Fleming Colonel, USV
(August 26, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(August 30, 1862)
DOW, Second Battle of Bull Run (w. August 30, 1862 d. September 2, 1862)
John R. Brooke.jpg
Brooke, John Rutter Brigadier general, USV
(May 12, 1864)
Major general, USV
(August 1, 1864)
Military Governor of Puerto Rico (1898)
Military Governor of Cuba (1899)
Commander-in-chief, MOLLUS (1905–1907)
WTHBrooks.jpg
Brooks, William Thomas Harbaugh Major, USA
(March 12, 1862)
Brigadier general, USV
(September 28, 1861)
USMA, 1841
Appointment as major general, USV (June 10, 1863) revoked April 6, 1864
Resigned June 14, 1864
Egbertbrown.jpg
Brown, Egbert Benson Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
RCBuchanan.jpg
Buchanan, Robert Christie Colonel, USA
(February 8, 1864)
Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1830
Volunteer appointment expired March 4, 1863
Nephew of First Lady Louisa Adams (Wife of President John Quincy Adams)
C.P. Buckingham.jpg
Buckingham, Catharinus Putnam Brigadier general, USV
(July 16, 1862)
USMA, 1829
Resigned February 11, 1863
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland.jpg
Buckland, Ralph Pomeroy Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned January 6, 1865
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1865–1869)
Don Carlos Buell.jpg
Buell, Don Carlos Colonel, USA
(July 17, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 21, 1862)
USMA, 1841
Mustered out of volunteer service May 28, 1864
Resigned June 1, 1864
John Buford.jpg
Buford, John Captain, USA
(November 12, 1861)
Major general, USV
(July 1, 1863)
USMA, 1848
Died of illness December 16, 1863
Half-brother of Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
NBBuford.jpg
Buford, Napoleon Bonaparte Brigadier general, USV
(April 15, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1827
Appointment as major general, USV (November 29, 1862) expired March 4, 1863
Half-brother of John Buford
StephenBurbridge.jpg
Burbridge, Stephen Gano Brigadier general, USV
(June 9, 1862)
Major general, USV
(July 4, 1864)
Hiram Burnham.png
Burnham, Hiram Brigadier general, USV
(April 26, 1864)
KIA, Battle of Chaffin's Farm (September 29, 1864)
W W Burns UA ACW.jpg
Burns, William Wallace Major, USA
(August 3, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(September 28, 1861)
Brigadier general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1847
Resigned volunteer commission March 20, 1863
Ambrose Burnside2.jpg
Burnside, Ambrose Everett Major general, USV
(March 18, 1862)
USMA, 1847
Received the Thanks of Congress (January 28, 1864)
Resigned April 15, 1865
Governor of Rhode Island (1866–1869)
Commander-in-chief, GAR (1871–1873)
U.S. Senator from Rhode Island (1875–1881)
General Cyrus Bussey - History of Iowa.jpg
Bussey, Cyrus Brigadier general, USV
(January 5, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
General-Richard-Busteed-001.jpg
Busteed, Richard Brigadier general, USV
(August 7, 1862)
Appointment expired March 4, 1863
BenFrankButler.jpg
Butler, Benjamin Franklin Major general, USV
(May 16, 1863)
U.S. Congressman from Massachusetts (1867–1875, 1877–1879)
Governor of Massachusetts (1883–1884)
Father-in-law of Adelbert Ames
Daniel Butterfield.jpg
Butterfield, Daniel Colonel, USA
(July 1, 1863)
Major general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Gaines' Mill (June 27, 1862)

C

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
George Cadwalader.jpg
Cadwalader, George Major general, USV
(April 25, 1862)
Resigned July 6, 1865
First commander-in-chief of MOLLUS (1865–1879)
John C. Caldwell.jpg
Caldwell, John Curtis Brigadier general, USV
(April 28, 1862)
Major general, USV
(August 19, 1865)
U.S. minister to Uruguay and Paraguay (1874–1882)
R A Cameron ACW.jpg
Cameron, Robert Alexander Brigadier general, USV
(August 11, 1863)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
CharlesThomasCampbell.jpg
Campbell, Charles Thomas Brigadier general, USV
(March 13, 1863)
Original appointment as brigadier general, USV (November 29, 1862) expired March 4, 1863
William Bowen Campbell.jpg
Campbell, William Bowen Brigadier general, USV
(June 30, 1862)
Resigned January 26, 1863
U.S. Congressman from Tennessee (1847–1853)
Governor of Tennessee (1851–1853)
General Edward Canby 525.jpg
Canby, Edward Richard Sprigg Colonel, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Major general, USV
(May 7, 1864)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1839
Brother-in-law of John Parker Hawkins
Carleton, James Henry.jpg
Carleton, James Henry Major, USA
Brigadier general, USV
(April 28, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
William P Carlin.jpg
Carlin, William Passmore Major, USA
(February 8, 1864)
Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 19, 1865)
USMA, 1850
EACarr.jpg
Carr, Eugene Asa Major, USA
(July 17, 1862)
Brigadier general, USV
(March 7, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 11, 1865)
USMA, 1850
MOH, Battle of Pea Ridge (March 7, 1862)
Joseph Bradford Carr - Brady-Handy.jpg
Carr, Joseph Bradford Brigadier general, USV
(March 30, 1863)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Original appointment as brigadier general, USV (September 7, 1862) expired March 4, 1863; second appointment (March 30, 1863) expired March 30, 1864; finally confirmed June 30, 1864
Hbcarrington-150.jpg
Carrington, Henry Beebee Colonel, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Samuel S Carroll.jpg
Carroll, Samuel Sprigg Captain, USA
(November 1, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(May 12, 1864)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1856
SPCarter.jpg
Carter, Samuel Powhatan Commander, USN
(June 25, 1865)
Brigadier general, USV
(May 1, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Naval Academy, 1846
Only officer ever to hold flag rank in both the U.S. Army and U.S. Navy (appointed Rear Admiral May 16, 1882)
Silas Casey.jpg
Casey, Silas Colonel, USA
(October 9, 1861)
Major general, USV
(May 31, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1826
RobertFrancisCatterson.jpg
Catterson, Robert Francis, M.D. Brigadier general, USV
(May 31, 1865)
Joshua Chamberlain - Brady-Handy.jpg
Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence
(b. Lawrence Joshua Chamberlain)
Brigadier general, USV
(June 19, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 29, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Gettysburg (July 2, 1863)
Detailed to receive surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia (April 12, 1865)
Governor of Maine (1866–1870)
One of only two general officers ever promoted on the field by General Grant
Alexander Chambers.jpg
Chambers, Alexander Captain, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(August 11, 1863)
Brigadier general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1853
Volunteer appointment cancelled by the Senate April 6, 1864, ostensibly because Chambers was not a legal resident of Iowa
S G Champlin ACW.JPG
Champlin, Stephen Gardner Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Resigned November 8, 1863
DOW, Battle of Seven Pines (w. May 31, 1862, d. January 24, 1864)
E P Chapin UA ACW.JPG
Chapin, Edward Payson Brigadier general, USV
(May 27, 1863)
KIA, Siege of Port Hudson (May 27, 1863); promoted posthumously
Daniel Chaplin.jpg
Chaplin, Daniel Colonel, USV
(August 21, 1862)
Brigadier general, USV
(August 17, 1864)
DOW, Second Battle of Deep Bottom (w. August 16, 1864, d. August 20, 1864)
G H Chapman UA BGen ACW.jpg
Chapman, George Henry Brigadier general, USV
(July 21, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
A L Chetlain UA ACW.JPG
Chetlain, Augustus Louis Brigadier general, USV
(December 18, 1863)
Major general, USV
(June 18, 1865)
Chiving1.jpg
Chivington, John Milton Colonel, USV
(April, 1862)
Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Appointment as brigadier general, USV withdrawn February 12, 1863
Sylvester Churchill.jpg
Churchill, Sylvester Colonel, USA
(June 25, 1841)
Brigadier general, USA
(September 23, 1847)
Inspector General, U.S. Army (1841–1861)
Retired September 25, 1861
Morgan H Chrysler.jpg
Chrysler, Morgan Henry Brigadier general, USV
(November 11, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
William Thomas Clark.jpg
Clark, William Thomas Brigadier general, USV
(May 31, 1865)
Major general, USV
(November 24, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Texas (1869–1872)
Cassius Marcellus Clay abolitionist - Brady-Handy.jpg
Clay, Cassius Marcellus Major general, USV
(April 11, 1862)
Rejected appointment and resigned, March 11, 1863
U.S. minister to Russia (1863–1869)
AR Powell Clayton.jpg
Clayton, Powell Brigadier general, USV
(August 1, 1864)
Governor of Arkansas (1868–1871)
U.S. Senator from Arkansas (1871–1877)
U.S. minister to Mexico (1897–1898); U.S. Ambassador to Mexico (1898–1905)
Gustave Paul Cluseret (U.S.).jpg
Cluseret, Gustave Paul Brigadier general, USV
(October 14, 1862)
Arrested on unspecified charges, January, 1863
Resigned March 2, 1863
Volunteer appointment never confirmed
George Ashworth Cobham.jpg
Cobham, George Ashworth, Jr. Colonel, USV
(November 7, 1862)
Brigadier general, USV
(July 19, 1864)
KIA, Battle of Peachtree Creek (July 20, 1864)
John Cochrane.jpg
Cochrane, John Brigadier general, USV
(July 17, 1862)
Resigned February 25, 1862
U.S. Congressman from New York (1857–1861)
GenPEConnor.jpg
Connor, Patrick Edward Brigadier general, USV
(March 30, 1863)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Selden Connor (Maine Governor).jpg
Connor, Seldon Brigadier general, USV
(June 11, 1864)
Governor of Maine (1876–1879)
JohnCook.jpg
Cook, John Pope Brigadier general, USV
(March 21, 1862)
Major general, USV
(August 24, 1865)
Philip St. George Cooke.jpg
Cooke, Philip St. George Brigadier general, USA
(November 12, 1861)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1827
Father of General John Rogers Cooke, CSA
Father-in-law of General James Ewell Brown Stuart, CSA
JamesCooper.jpg
Cooper, James Brigadier general, USV
(May 17, 1861)
Died March 28, 1863
U.S. Congressman from Pennsylvania (1849–1843)
U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania (1849–1855)
JosephAlexanderCooper.jpg
Cooper, Joseph Alexander Brigadier general, USV
(July 30, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Joseph Tarr Copeland.jpg
Copeland, Joseph Tarr Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Resigned November 8, 1865
Michael Corcoran - Brady-Handy.jpg
Corcoran, Michael Brigadier general, USV
(July 21, 1861)
Died in riding accident December 22, 1863
JMCorse.jpg
Corse, John Murray Brigadier general, USV
(August 11, 1863)
Major general, USV
(October 5, 1864)
USMA (class of 1857), withdrew 1855
Darius N. Couch - Brady-Handy.jpg
Couch, Darius Nash Major general, USV
(July 4, 1862)
USMA, 1846
Resigned May 26, 1865
Robert Cowdin.jpg
Cowdin, Robert Brigadier general, USV
(September 26, 1862)
Appointment expired March 4, 1863
Relieved and mustered out March 30, 1863
Jacob Dolson Cox.jpg
Cox, Jacob Dolson Major General
(December 7, 1864)
Original appointment as major general, USV (October 6, 1862) expired March 4, 1863
Resigned June 27, 1864
Governor of Ohio (1866–1867)
United States Secretary of the Interior (1869–1870)
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1877–1879)
James Craig (Missouri).jpg
Craig, James Brigadier general, USV
(March 21, 1862)
Resigned May 5, 1863
U.S. Congressman from Missouri (1857–1861)
Samuel W. Crawford - Brady-Handy.jpg
Crawford, Samuel Wylie, M.D. Lieutenant colonel, USA
(February 17, 1864)
Brigadier general, USV
(April 25, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(August 1, 1864)
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden - Brady-Handy.jpg
Crittenden, Thomas Leonidas Major general, USV
(July 17, 1862)
Resigned December 13, 1864
Son of Senator John Jordan Crittenden
Brother of General George Bibb Crittenden, CSA
Cousin of Thomas Turpin Crittenden
TTCrittenden.jpg
Crittenden, Thomas Turpin Brigadier general, USV
(April 28, 1862)
Resigned May 5, 1863
Nephew of Senator John Jordan Crittenden
Cousin of Thomas Leonidas Crittenden and General George Bibb Crittenden, CSA
Marcellus-M-Crocker.jpg
Crocker, Marcellus Monroe Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
USMA (class of 1851), withdrew 1849
Died of illness August 26, 1865
George Crook - Brady-Handy.jpg
Crook, George Captain, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Major general, USV
(October 21, 1864)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1852
JohnTCroxton.jpg
Croxton, John Thomas Brigadier general, USV
(July 30, 1864)
Major general, USV
(April 27, 1865)
U.S. minister to Bolivia (1873–1874)
CharlesCruft.jpg
Cruft, Charles Brigadier general, USV
(July 16, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 5, 1865)
George W Cullum.jpg
Cullum, George Washington Lieutenant colonel, USA
(March 3, 1863)
Brigadier general, USV
(November 1, 1861)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1833
Superintendent, USMA (1864–1866)
Created the Cullum number system to identify USMA graduates
Brother-in-law to Schuyler Hamilton (married widow of Henry Wager Halleck)
Curtisnm1d.jpg
Curtis, Newton Martin Brigadier general, USV
(January 15, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, First Battle of Fort Fisher (January 15, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from New York (1891–1897)
SamuelCurtis01.jpg
Curtis, Samuel Ryan Major general, USV
(March 21, 1862)
USMA, 1831
U.S. Congressman from Iowa (1857–1861)
G a custer.jpg
Custer, George Armstrong Captain, USA
(June 5, 1862)
Major general, USV
(April 15, 1865)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1861
Lysander Cutler.jpg
Cutler, Lysander Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USV
(August 19, 1864)
Resigned June 30, 1865

D

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
AaronSDagget.png
Daggett, Aaron Simon Lieutenant colonel, USV
(January 23, 1865)
Brigadier general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Last surviving brevet general (d. May 14, 1938)
Napoleon J T Dana.jpg
Dana, Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Major general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
USMA, 1842
Resigned May 27, 1865
John W Davidson.jpg
Davidson, John Wynn Major, USA
(November 14, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(February 3, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1845
Henry Eugene Davies.jpg
Davies, Henry Eugene Major general, USV
(May 4, 1865)
Nephew of Thomas Alfred Davies
T A Davies UA ACW.JPG
Davies, Thomas Alfred Brigadier general, USV
(March 7, 1862)
Major general, USV
(July 11, 1865)
USMA, 1829
Uncle of Henry Eugene Davies
Edmund Davis.jpg
Davis, Edmund Jackson Brigadier general, USV
(November 10, 1864)
Governor of Texas (1870–1874)
Jefferson C. Davis.jpg
Davis, Jefferson Columbus Captain, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(December 18, 1861)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(August 8, 1864)
Shot and killed Major General William Nelson in a private altercation (September 29, 1862)
RRDawes.jpg
Dawes, Rufus Robinson Colonel, USV
(July 5, 1864)
Brigadier general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned August 10, 1864
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1881–1883)
Father of Vice President Charles Gates Dawes
GWDeitzler.jpg
Deitzler, George Washington Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Resigned August 27, 1863
Major General of Kansas Militia, 1864
Richard Delafield.jpg
Delafield, Richard Brigadier general, USA
(April 22, 1864)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1818
Superintendent, USMA (1838–1845, 1856–1861, 1861)
Chief of Engineers (1864–1866)
Elias Smith Dennis.jpg
Dennis, Elias Smith Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Frederick Tracy Dent.jpg
Dent, Frederick Tracy Lieutenant colonel, USA
(March 20, 1864)
Brigadier general, USV
(April 5, 1865)
Brigadier general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1843
Brother-in-law of Ulysses S. Grant
Pd james w denver.jpg
Denver, James W. Brigadier general, USV
(August 14, 1861)
Resigned March 5, 1863
U.S. Congressman from California (1855–1857)
Territorial Governor of Kansas (1857–1858)
Namesake of Denver, Colorado
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy.jpg
De Russy, Gustavus Adolphus Captain, USA
(August 17, 1857)
Brigadier general, USV
(May 23, 1863)
Brigadier general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA (class of 1839), resigned in 1838
Son of René Edward De Russy
Brother-in-law of Henry Jackson Hunt and Lewis Cass Hunt
Brigadier General René Edward De Russy.jpg
De Russy, René Edward Colonel, USA
(March 3, 1863)
Brigadier general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1812
Superintendent, USMA (1833–1838)
Father of Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Father-in-law of Henry Jackson Hunt and Lewis Cass Hunt
General Régis de Trobriand.jpg
De Trobriand, Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern Brigadier general, USV
(January 5, 1864)
Major general, USV
(April 9, 1865)
GenChasDevens.jpg
Devens, Charles Jr. Brigadier general, USV
(April 15, 1862)
Major general, USV
(April 3, 1865)
Commander-in-chief, GAR (1873–1875)
Attorney General of the United States (1877–1881)
Thomas C. Devin.jpg
Devin, Thomas Casimer Brigadier general, USV
(October 19, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
John T. Deweese - Brady-Handy.jpg
Deweese, John Thomas Lieutenant colonel, USV Brigadier general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from North Carolina (1868–1870)
Joel Allen Dewey.jpg
Dewey, Joel Allen Brigadier general, USV
(November 20, 1865)
Last Civil War general appointed
Alexander Samuel Diven.jpg
Diven, Alexander Samuel Colonel, USV
(October 21, 1862)
Brigadier general, USV
(August 30, 1864)
Resigned May 11, 1863
U.S. Congressman from New York (1861–1863)
General Dix.jpg
Dix, John Adams Major general, USV
(May 16, 1861)
Resigned November 30, 1865
U.S. Senator from New York (1845–1849)
Secretary of the Treasury (1861)
U.S. minister to France (1866–1869)
Governor of New York (1873–1874)
Highest-ranking volunteer officer
Gen Charles C. Dodge.jpg
Dodge, Charles Cleveland Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Resigned June 12, 1863
GMDodge.jpg
Dodge, Grenville Mellen Major general, USV
(June 7, 1864)
U.S. Congressman from Iowa (1867–1869)
Commander-in-chief, MOLLUS (1907–1909)
CDoolittle.jpg
Doolittle, Charles Camp Brigadier general, USV
(January 27, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Doubledayo.jpg
Doubleday, Abner Lieutenant colonel, USA
(September 20, 1863)
Major general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1842
Aimed first cannon to return fire from Fort Sumter
NSDow2.jpg
Dow, Neal Brigadier general, USV
(April 28, 1862)
Resigned November 30, 1864
FrancisMDrake.jpg
Drake, Francis Marion Lieutenant colonel, USV
(October 4, 1862)
Brigadier general, USV
(February 22, 1865)
Governor of Iowa (1896–1898)
William F. Draper (1865).png
Draper, William Francis Lieutenant colonel, USV
(August 9, 1864)
Brigadier general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Massachusetts (1893–1897)
U.S. Ambassador to Italy (1897–1900)
AlfredNDuffie.jpg
Duffié, Alfred Napoleon Alexander
(aka. Duffie, Alfred Nattie)
Brigadier general, USV
(June 23, 1863)
Ebenezerdumontindiana.jpg
Dumont, Ebenezer Brigadier general, USV
(September 3, 1861)
Resigned February 28, 1863
U.S. Congressman from Indiana (1863–1867)
William M Dunn.jpg
Dunn, William McKee Lieutenant colonel, USA
(June 22, 1864)
Brigadier general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Indiana (1859–1863)
Duryee4s.jpg
Duryée, Abram Brigadier general, USV
(August 31, 1861)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned January 5, 1863
Arthur Henry Dutton.jpg
Dutton, Arthur Henry Captain, USA
(October 2, 1863)
Colonel, USV
(September 5, 1862)
Colonel, USA
(May 26, 1864)
Brigadier general, USV
(May 16, 1864)
USMA, 1861
DOW, Battle of Proctor's Creek (w. May 16, 1864, d. June 5, 1864)
Isaac Harding Duval.jpg
Duval, Isaac Hardin Brigadier general, USV
(September 24, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from West Virginia (1869–1871)
General William Dwight.jpg
Dwight, William Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
USMA (class of 1853), discharged January 31, 1853
ABDyer.jpg
Dyer, Alexander Brydie Brigadier general, USA
(September 12, 1864)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1837
Chief of Ordnance (1864–1874)

E

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Gen Amos B Eaton.jpg
Eaton, Amos Beebe Brigadier general, USA
(June 29, 1864)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1826
Commissary General of Subsistence (1864–1874)
AlonzoEdgerton.jpg
Edgerton, Alonzo Jay Colonel, USV
(February 15, 1864)
Brigadier general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Senator from Minnesota (1881)
General John Edwards.jpg
Edwards, John Brigadier General
(September 24, 1864)
U.S. Congressman from Arkansas (1871 – February 8, 1872)
Removed from seat when election was successfully contested
Oliver Edwards.jpg
Edwards, Oliver Brigadier general, USV
(May 19, 1865)
Major general, USV
(April 5, 1865)
Thomas W Egan.jpg
Egan, Thomas Washington Brigadier general, USV
(September 3, 1864)
Major general, USV
(October 27, 1864)
James A. Ekin.jpg
Ekin, James A. Lieutenant colonel, USA
(July 29, 1865)
Colonel, USV
(August 2, 1864)
Brigadier general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Brigadier general, USV
(March 8, 1865)
Commissioner on Lincoln assassination trial
Alfred W Ellet.jpg
Ellet, Alfred Washington Brigadier general, USV
(November 1, 1862)
Resigned, December 31, 1864
Brother of Charles Ellet, Jr.
Uncle of Charles Rivers Ellet
W L Elliott BGen ACW.jpg
Elliott, Washington Lafayette Major, USA
(November 5, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(June 11, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA (class of 1845), left in 1844
George Ruter Elstner.jpg
Elstner, George Ruter Lieutenant colonel, USV
(July 1, 1863)
Brigadier general, USV
(August 8. 1864)
KIA, Battle of Utoy Creek (August 8, 1864)
William H. Emory - Brady-Handy.jpg
Emory, William Helmsley Colonel, USA
(October 27, 1863)
Major general, USV
(September 25, 1865)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1831
Namesake of Emory Peak
George Peabody Estey.jpg
Estey, George Peabody
(aka. George Peabody Este)
Brigadier general, USV
(June 26, 1865)
Henry Lawrence Eustis.jpg
Eustis, Henry Lawrence Brigadier General
(September 12, 1863)
USMA, 1842
Resigned, June 27, 1864
Gen-ChasEwing.jpg
Ewing, Charles Captain, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(March 8, 1865)
Colonel, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Son of Thomas Ewing
Brother of Thomas Ewing, Jr.
Brother of Hugh Boyle Ewing
Brother-in-law of William Tecumseh Sherman
Hugh Boyle Ewing.jpg
Ewing, Hugh Boyle Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, class of 1848, never graduated
U.S. minister to the Netherlands (1866–1870)
Son of Thomas Ewing
Brother of Thomas Ewing, Jr.
Brother of Charles Ewing
Brother-in-law of William Tecumseh Sherman
Gen-TEwingJr.jpg
Ewing, Thomas Jr. Brigadier general, USV
(March 13, 1863)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned February 23, 1865
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1877–1881)
Son of Thomas Ewing
Brother of Charles Ewing
Brother of Hugh Boyle Ewing
Brother-in-law of William Tecumseh Sherman

F

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Lucius Fairchild Crop.jpg
Fairchild, Lucius Captain, USA
(August, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(October 13, 1863)
Resigned November, 1863
Governor of Wisconsin (1866–1872)
U.S. minister to Spain (1880–1881)
Commander-in-chief, GAR (1886–1887)
Commander-in-chief, MOLLUS (1893–1895)
Elon John Farnsworth.jpg
Farnsworth, Elon John Captain, USV (December 25, 1861) Nominated brigadier general, USV, June 29, 1863, but not confirmed by U.S. Senate; Assigned to command Brigade 1, Division 3, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, June 28, 1863, KIA, Battle of Gettysburg (July 3, 1863)
Nephew of John Franklin Farnsworth[2]
John F. Farnsworth - Brady-Handy.jpg
Farnsworth, John Franklin Colonel, USV (September 18, 1861) Nominated brigadier general, USV, November 29, 1862 but not confirmed by U.S. Senate. Nomination ordered returned to President Lincoln, February 12, 1863. Resigned March 4, 1863.
U.S. Congressman from Illinois (1857–1861, 1863–1873)
Uncle of Elon John Farnsworth[2]
EFerrero.jpg
Ferrero, Edward Brigadier general, USV
(May 6, 1863)
Major general, USV
(December, 1864)
Original appointment as brigadier general, USV (September 10, 1862) expired March 4, 1863
Orris S. Ferry - Brady-Handy.jpg
Ferry, Orris S. Brigadier general, USV
(March 17, 1862)
Major general, USV
(May 23, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Connecticut (1859–1861)
U.S. Senator from Connecticut (1867–1875)
Francis Fessenden.jpg
Fessenden, Francis Captain, USA
Major general, USV
(November 9, 1865)
Son of Secretary of the Treasury William Pitt Fessenden
Brother of James Deering Fessenden
James D Fessenden.jpg
Fessenden, James Deering Brigadier general, USV
(August 8, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Son of Secretary of the Treasury William Pitt Fessenden
Brother of Francis Fessenden
Clement Alexander Finley - portrait.jpg
Finley, Clement Alexander Colonel, USA
(May 15, 1861)
Brigadier general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Surgeon General (1861–1862)
Retired April 14, 1862
Benjamin F. Fisher.jpg
Fisher, Benjamin Franklin Colonel, USA Brigadier general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Chief Signal Officer (1864–1865)
Clinton B. Fisk general.png
Fisk, Clinton Bowen Brigadier general, USV
(November 24, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Manning Force.jpg
Force, Manning Ferguson Brigadier general, USV
(August 11, 1863)
Major general, USV MOH, Battle of Atlanta (July 22, 1864)
Brother-in-law of John Pope
James W. Forsyth.jpg
Forsyth, James W. Captain, USA
(October 24, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(March 19, 1865)
Brigadier general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1856
John G. Foster - Brady-Handy.jpg
Foster, John Gray Captain, USA
Major general, USV
(July 18, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1846
Robert S Foster.jpg
Foster, Robert Sanford Brigadier general, USV
(June 12, 1863)
Major general, USV Commissioner on Lincoln assassination trial
Francine, Louis Raymond Colonel, USV Brigadier general, USV
(July 2, 1863)
DOW, Battle of Gettysburg (w. July 2, 1863, d. July 18, 1863)
William B. Franklin enh.jpg
Franklin, William Buel Colonel, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Major general, USV
(July 4, 1862)
USMA, 1843
John C. Frémont - Brady-Handy.jpg
Frémont, John Charles Major general, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Resigned June 4, 1864
U.S. Senator from California (1850–1851)
Territorial Governor of Arizona (1878–1887)
Son-in-law of Senator Thomas Hart Benton
WHFrench.jpg
French, William H. Colonel, USA
Major general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
USMA, 1837
Mustered out of volunteer service May 6, 1864
James Barnet Fry - Brady-Handy.jpg
Fry, James Barnet Brigadier general, USA
(April 21, 1864)
Major general, USA USMA, 1847
Provost Marshal General (1863–1866)
Speed Fry.jpg
Fry, Speed Smith Brigadier general, USV
(March 21, 1862)
J W Fuller BGen.jpg
Fuller, John Wallace Brigadier general, USV
(January 5, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)

G

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
William Gamble USA.JPG
Gamble, William Brigadier general, USV
(September 25, 1865)
Alexander Gardiner.jpg
Gardiner, Alexander Colonel, USV Brigadier general, USV
(September 19, 1864)
DOW, Battle of Opequon (w. September 19, 1864, d. October 7, 1864)
General James Garfield - Brady-Handy.jpg
Garfield, James Abram Major general, USV
(September 19, 1863)
Resigned December 5, 1863
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1863–1881)
20th President of the United States (1881)
Second President to die by assassination
Kenner Garrard framed.jpg
Garrard, Kenner First Lieutenant, USA
Brigadier general, USV
(July 23, 1863)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1863)
Major general, USV
(December 16, 1864)
USMA, 1851
First cousin (once removed) of Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
GarrardTT.JPG
Garrard, Theophilus Toulmin Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Mustered out April 4, 1864
First cousin (once removed) of Kenner Garrard
John W. Geary - Brady-Handy.jpg
Geary, John White Brigadier general, USV
(April 25, 1862)
Major general, USV
(January 12, 1865)
Territorial Governor of Kansas (1856–1857)
Governor of Pennsylvania (1867–1873)
Gettygw1m.jpg
Getty, George Washington Captain, USA
Brigadier general, USV
(September 25, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(August, 1864)
USMA, 1840
John Gibbon.jpg
Gibbon, John Captain, USA
Major general, USV
(June 7, 1864)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1847
Commander-in-chief, MOLLUS (1895–1896)
Alfred Gibbs.jpg
Gibbs, Alfred Captain, USA
Brigadier general, USV
(October 19, 1864)
Major general, USA
Major general, USV
USMA, 1846
Giesy, Henry Hensel Major, USV Brigadier general, USV
(May 29, 1864)
DOW, Battle of Dallas (w. May 28, 1864, d. May 29, 1864)
CCGilbert.jpg
Gilbert, Charles Champion Major, USA
(July, 1863)
Brigadier general, USV
(September 4, 1862)
Colonel, USA USMA, 1846
Appointment expired, March 4, 1863
Assigned to duty as "acting" Major General (August, 1862) by Horatio Gouverneur Wright
James I Gilbert.jpg
Gilbert, James Isham Brigadier general, USV
(February 9, 1865)
Major general, USV
ACGillem.jpg
Gillem, Alvan Cullem Captain, USA
(July 12, 1861)
Major general, USV
(November 3, 1865)
Major general, USA
(April 12, 1865)
USMA, 1851
Quincy Adams Gillmore.jpg
Gillmore, Quincy Adams Major, USA
(June 1, 1863)
Major general, USV
(July 10, 1863)
Brigadier general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1851
GHGordon.jpg
Gordon, George Henry Brigadier general, USV
(June 9, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1846
WillisAGorman1872.jpg
Gorman, Willis A. Brigadier general, USV
(September 7, 1861)
Mustered out May 4, 1864
Territorial Governor of Minnesota (1853–1857)
Gowen, George Washington Colonel, USV Brigadier general, USV
(April 2, 1865)
KIA, Fall of Petersburg (April 2, 1865)
Charles Kinnaird Graham -1096341609.jpg
Graham, Charles Kinnaird Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Lawrence Pike Graham.jpg
Graham, Lawrence Pike Colonel, USA
(1864)
Brigadier general, USV
(August, 1861)
Brigadier general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Gordon Granger - Brady-Handy.jpg
Granger, Gordon Major general, USV
(September 17, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1845
RSGranger.jpg
Granger, Robert Seaman Major, USA
(September, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(October, 1862)
Major general, USA USMA, 1838
LAGrant.jpg
Grant, Lewis Addison Brigadier general, USV
(April 27, 1864)
MOH, Battle of Salem Church (May 3, 1863)
GenUSGrant.jpg
Grant, Ulysses S.
(b. Grant, Hiram Ulysses)
Lieutenant General, USA
(March 4, 1864)
USMA, 1843
Received the Thanks of Congress (December 17, 1863)
Received the Congressional Gold Medal (December 17, 1863)
First full-grade Lieutenant General since George Washington
First General since George Washington (July 25, 1866)
General-in-Chief (1864–1869)
18th President of the United States (1869–1877)
Green, William Nelson, Jr. Lieutenant colonel, USV Brigadier general, USV
(April 9, 1864)
DOW, Battle of Pleasant Hill (w. April 9, 1864, d. May 13, 1864)
George S. Greene.jpg
Greene, George Sears Brigadier general, USV
(April 28, 1862)
USMA, 1823
David McMurtrie Gregg.jpg
Gregg, David McMurtrie Captain, USA
(1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
USMA, 1855
Resigned February 3, 1865
Commander-in-chief, MOLLUS (1903–1905)
Cousin of Pennsylvania Governor Andrew Gregg Curtin
Walter Q. Gresham - Brady-Handy.jpg
Gresham, Walter Quintin Brigadier general, USV
(August 11, 1883)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned due to wounds, 1863
Postmaster General (1883–1884)
Secretary of the Treasury (1884)
Secretary of State (1893–1895)
Benjamin H Grierson.JPG
Grierson, Benjamin Henry Major general, USV
(May 27, 1865)
CharlesGriffin.jpg
Griffin, Charles Captain, USA
Major general, USV
(April 2, 1865)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1847
Brother-in-law of Samuel Sprigg Carroll
Simon goodell griffin.jpg
Griffin, Simon Goodell Brigadier general, USV
(May 12, 1864)
Major general, USV
(April 2, 1865)
WGrose.jpg
Grose, William Brigadier general, USV
(July 30, 1864)
Major general, USV
(August 13, 1865)
Cuvier Grover.jpg
Grover, Cuvier Captain, USA
Brigadier general, USV
(April 14, 1862)
Major general, USA
Major general, USV
USMA, 1850

H

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Pleasant A. Hackleman.jpg
Hackleman, Pleasant Adams Brigadier general, USV
(April 20, 1862)
KIA, Battle of Corinth (October 3, 1862)
Henry Wager Halleck - Brady-Handy.jpg
Halleck, Henry Wager Major general, USA
(August 19, 1861)
USMA, 1839
General-in-Chief, U.S. Army (July 23, 1862 – March 12, 1864)
Chief of staff, U.S. Army (March 12, 1864-May, 1865)
Joseph Eldridge Hamblin.jpg
Hamblin, Joseph Eldridge Brigadier general, USV
(May 19, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Governor Hamilton.jpg
Hamilton, Andrew J. Brigadier general, USV
(September 18, 1863)
First appointment as brigadier general (November 14, 1862) never ratified
Reconstruction Governor of Texas (June, 1865-August, 1866)
CSHamiltonMGgen.jpg
Hamilton, Charles Smith Major general, USV
(September 19, 1862)
USMA, 1843
Resigned, April 13, 1863
Schuyler-Hamilton.jpg
Hamilton, Schuyler Colonel, USA
Brigadier general, USV
(November 12, 1861)
USMA, 1841
Grandson of Alexander Hamilton
Brother-in-law of Henry W. Halleck; later brother-in-law to George Washington Cullum
Nominated major general, USV (September 17, 1862), never confirmed due to illness
Resigned February 27, 1863
Cyrus Hamlin.jpg
Hamlin, Cyrus Colonel, USA
(February 12, 1863)
Brigadier general, USV
(December 13, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Son of Vice President Hannibal Hamlin
Brother of Charles Hamlin
GenWmAHammond.jpg
Hammond, William Alexander Brigadier general, USA
(April 25, 1862)
Surgeon General (1862–1864)
Dismissed from service, August 18, 1864
Winfield Scott Hancock.jpg
Hancock, Winfield Scott Brigadier general, USA
(August 12, 1864)
Major general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
USMA, 1844
Received the Thanks of Congress (April 21, 1866)
Commander-in-chief, MOLLUS
(1879–1886)
James Allen Hardie.jpg
Hardie, James Allen Colonel, USA
(March, 1864)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1843
Appointed brigadier general, USV (November 29, 1862), appointment revoked January 22, 1863
Martin davis hardin.jpg
Hardin, Martin Davis Major, USA
Brigadier general, USV
(July 2, 1864)
Brigadier general, USA USMA, 1859
AbnerCHarding.jpg
Harding, Abner Clark Brigadier general, USV
(March 13, 1863)
Resigned June, 1863
U.S. Congressman from Illinois (1865–1869)
ChasGHarker.jpg
Harker, Charles Garrison Brigadier general, USV
(April 10, 1864)
USMA, 1858
KIA, Battle of Kennesaw Mountain (June 26, 1864)
Harland, Edward Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
William Selby Harney 1.jpg
Harney, William Selby Brigadier general, USA
(June 14, 1858)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
ThomasMHarris.jpg
Harris, Thomas Maley Brigadier general, USV
(March 29, 1865)
Commissioner on Lincoln assassination trial
GenBenHarrison.jpg
Harrison, Benjamin Colonel, USV Brigadier general, USV
(January 23, 1865)
U.S. Senator from Indiana (1881–1887)
23rd President of the United States (1889–1893)
WHarrow.jpg
Harrow, William Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Relieved, September 1864
Resigned, April 7, 1865
JohnFHartranft.jpg
Hartranft, John F. Brigadier general, USV
(May 12, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 28, 1865)
MOH, First Battle of Bull Run
Provost Marshal, Lincoln Assassination trial
Commander-in-chief, GAR (1875–1877)
Governor of Pennsylvania (1873–1879)
George L Hartsuff.jpg
Hartsuff, George Lucas Lieutenant colonel, USA
Major general, USV
(November 19, 1862)
Major general, USA USMA, 1852
MiloSHascall.jpg
Hascall, Milo Smith Brigadier general, USV
(April 25, 1862)
USMA, 1852
Recommended for promotion to major general, USV, September 12, 1864; no action taken
Resigned, October 27, 1864
Brig. Gen. Joseph A. Haskin.png
Haskin, Joseph Abel Lieutenant colonel, USA
Brigadier general, USV
(August 5, 1864)
Brigadier general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1839
Edward Hatch.jpg
Hatch, Edward Brigadier general, USV
(April 27, 1864)
Major general, USV
John P Hatch.jpg
Hatch, John Porter Major, USA
(1863)
Brigadier general, USV
(September 28, 1861)
Brigadier general, USA
Major general, USV
USMA, 1845
MOH, Battle of South Mountain
Herman Haupt.jpg
Haupt, Herman Colonel, USA
(April 27, 1862)
Brigadier general, USV
(September 5, 1862)
USMA, 1835
Refused commission as brigadier general, resigned September 14, 1863
Genjphawkins.jpg
Hawkins, John Parker Captain, USA
Brigadier general, USV
(April 13, 1863)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1852
Brother-in-law of E.R.S. Canby
Joseph Roswell Hawley - Brady-Handy.jpg
Hawley, Joseph Roswell Brigadier general, USV
(September 13, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Governor of Connecticut (1866–1867)
U.S. Congressman from Connecticut (1872–1875, 1879–1881)
U.S. Senator from Connecticut (1881–1905)
Hayes, Joseph Brigadier general, USV
(May 12, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
President Rutherford Hayes 1870 - 1880 Restored.jpg
Hayes, Rutherford Birchard Brigadier general, USV
(October 19, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned commission, June, 1865
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1865–1867)
Governor of Ohio (1868–1872, 1876–1877)
19th President of the United States (1877–1881)
Commander-in-chief, MOLLUS (1886, 1888–1893)
Brig. Gen. Isham N. Haynie, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing straight LCCN91794294.jpg
Haynie, Isham N. Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Commission never confirmed by Senate, expired March 4, 1863
Resigned, March 6, 1863
Alexander Hays.jpg
Hays, Alexander Captain, USA
Brigadier general, USV
(September 29, 1862)
Colonel, USA
Major general, USV
(May 5, 1864)
USMA, 1844
KIA, Battle of the Wilderness (May 5, 1864)
WilliamHays.jpg
Hays, William Major, USA
(1863)
Brigadier general, USV
(December 27, 1862)
USMA, 1840
Relieved of duty, April 6, 1865
William Babcock Hazen - Brady-Handy.jpg
Hazen, William Babcock Colonel, USA
Major general, USV
(December 13, 1864)
Major general, USA USMA, 1856
Heckman, Charles Adam Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Relieved, March 23, 1865
Resigned, May 25, 1865
Samuel P. Heintzelman - Brady-Handy.jpg
Heintzelman, Samuel P. Colonel, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Major general, USV
(May 5, 1862)
USMA, 1826
FJHerron.jpg
Herron, Francis Jay Major general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Youngest Major General
MOH, Battle of Pea Ridge
Colonel Sylvester G Hill USA.JPG
Hill, Sylvester Gardner Colonel, USV Brigadier general, USV
(December 15, 1864)
KIA, Battle of Nashville (December 15, 1864)
Gen-EWHinks.jpg
Hinks, Edward Winslow
(b. Hincks, Edward Winslow; aka Hinks, Edward Ward)
Second Lieutenant, USA
(April 26, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Brigadier general, USA
(March 2, 1867)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned regular Army commission June 4, 1861, returned to regular service after the war
Gen Ethan Allen Hitchcock.jpg
Hitchcock, Ethan Allen Colonel, USA
Major general, USV
(February 10, 1862)
Brigadier general, USV
(1848)
USMA, 1817
Grandson of Ethan Allen
EHHobson.jpg
Hobson, Edward H. Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
William Hoffman (Union Army).jpg
Hoffman, William Colonel, USA Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1829
Commissary-General of Prisoners
Joseph Holt.jpg
Holt, Joseph Brigadier general, USA
(June 22, 1864)
Postmaster General (1859–1860)
Secretary of War (1861–1862)
Judge Advocate General
Presiding judge on the Lincoln assassination trial
Joseph Hooker - Brady-Handy--restored.jpg
Hooker, Joseph Brigadier general, USA
(September 20, 1862)
Major general, USV
(May 5, 1862)
USMA, 1837
Received Thanks of Congress (January 28, 1864)
Gen Alvin P Hovey 06985r.jpg
Hovey, Alvin P. Brigadier general, USV
(April 28, 1862)
Major general, USV
(June 4, 1864)
U.S. minister to Peru (1866–1870)
U.S. Congressman (1887–1889)
Governor of Indiana (1889–1891)
CharlesHovey.jpg
Hovey, Charles Edward Brigadier general, USV
(September 5, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Commission never confirmed, expired March 4, 1863
Resigned due to wounds, May, 1863
Oliver Otis Howard.jpg
Howard, Oliver Otis Brigadier general, USA
(December 21, 1864)
Major general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
USMA, 1854
MOH, Battle of Fair Oaks
Received Thanks of Congress (January 28, 1864)
Commissioner of the Freedmen's Bureau (1865–1871)
Superintendent, USMA (1881–1882)
Albion P. Howe - Brady-Handy.jpg
Howe, Albion Parris Captain, USA
(1855)
Brigadier general, USV
(June 22, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1841
Commissioner on Lincoln assassination trial
Howell, Joshua B. Brigadier general, USV
(September 12, 1864)
Posthumous promotion
Died in riding accident, September 12, 1864
Humphrey, Thomas William Colonel, USV Brigadier general, USV
(June 10, 1864)
KIA, Battle of Brice's Crossroads (June 10, 1864)
Andrew A. Humphreys - Brady-Handy.jpg
Humphreys, Andrew Atkinson Colonel, USA
Major general, USV
(July 8, 1863)
Major general, USA USMA, 1831
HJHunt.jpg
Hunt, Henry Jackson Lieutenant colonel, USA
Brigadier general, USV
(September 15, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(1863)
USMA, 1839
Brother of Lewis Cass Hunt
Son-in-law of René Edward De Russy
Brother-in-law of John Parker Hawkins and Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Hunt, Lewis Cass Major, USA
(1863)
Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Brigadier general, USA
(1865)
USMA, 1847
Brother of Henry Jackson Hunt
Son-in-law of René Edward De Russy
Brother-in-law of John Parker Hawkins and Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
David Hunter.jpg
Hunter, David Colonel, USA
Major general, USV
(August 13, 1861)
Major general, USA USMA, 1822
Presiding Commissioner on Lincoln assassination trial
General Stephen A. Hurlbut.jpg
Hurlbut, Stephen A. Major general, USV
(September 17, 1862)
Mustered out of service for alleged corruption, June 20, 1865
First commander-in-chief, GAR (1866–1868)
U.S. minister to Colombia (1869–1872)
U.S. Congressman from Illinois (1873–1877)
U.S. minister to Peru (1881–1882)

I

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Rufus Ingalls.jpg
Ingalls, Rufus Major, USA
(1862)
Brigadier general, USV
(May 23, 1863)
Major general, USA
Major general, USV
USMA, 1843

J

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
C F Jackson ACW.JPG
Jackson, Conrad Feger Brigadier general, USV
(July 17, 1862)
KIA, Battle of Fredericksburg (December 13, 1862)
JasSJackson.jpg
Jackson, James Streshly Brigadier general, USV
(July 19, 1862)
U.S. Congressman from Kentucky (1861)
KIA, Battle of Perryville (October 8, 1862)
N J Jackson ACW.jpg
Jackson, Nathaniel James Brigadier general, USV
(September 24, 1862)
Major general, USV
Jackson, Richard Henry Captain, USA
(1862)
Brigadier general, USV
(May 19, 1865)
Brigadier general, USA
Major general, USV
CharlesDJameson.jpg
Jameson, Charles Davis Brigadier general, USV
(September 3, 1861)
d. November 6, 1862 of illness
Andrew Johnson photo portrait head and shoulders, c1870-1880-Edit1.jpg
Johnson, Andrew Brigadier general, USV
(March 4, 1862)
U.S. Congressman from Tennessee (1843–1853)
Governor of Tennessee (1853–1857, 1875)
U.S. Senator from Tennessee (1857–1862)
Military Governor of Tennessee (1862–1864)
16th Vice President of the United States (1865)
17th President of the United States (1865–1869)
Johnson, Richard W. Brigadier general, USV
(October 11, 1861)
Major general, USA
Major general, USV
USMA, 1849
Patrick Henry Jones circa 1860-1870.jpg
Jones, Patrick Henry Brigadier general, USV
(December 6, 1864)
HMJudah.jpg
Judah, Henry Moses Major, USA
(June 30, 1862)
Brigadier general, USV
(March 21, 1862)
USMA, 1843

K

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
TLKane.jpg
Kane, Thomas Leiper Brigadier general, USV
(September 7, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned November, 1863
August Kautz - Brady-Handy.jpg
Kautz, August Valentin Captain, USA
(May, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(May 7, 1864)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1852
Commissioner, Lincoln assassination trial
Philip Kearny,jr.jpg
Kearny, Philip Brigadier general, USV
(May 17, 1861)
KIA, Battle of Chantilly (September 1, 1862)
WHKeim.jpg
Keim, William High Brigadier general, USV
(September 20, 1861)
Died of illness, May 18, 1862
Benjamin Franklin Kelley - Brady-Handy.jpg
Kelley, Benjamin Franklin Brigadier general, USV
(May 17, 1861)
Major general, USV
(August 5, 1864)
John Reese Kenly Postbellum.png
Kenly, John Reese Brigadier general, USV
(August 22, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
John Henry Ketcham.jpg
Ketcham, John Henry Brigadier general, USV
(October 23, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from New York (1865–1873, 1877–1893, 1897–1906)
William Scott Ketchum.jpg
Ketchum, William Scott Colonel, USA
(1864)
Brigadier general, USV
(February 3, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1834
Erasmus D. Keyes - Brady-Handy.jpg
Keyes, Erasmus Darwin Colonel, USA
(1861)
Major general, USV
(May 5, 1862)
Brigadier general, USA USMA, 1832
Resigned, May 6, 1864
Gen. James L. Kiernan - NARA - 528709.jpg
Kiernan, James Lawlor Brigadier general, USV
(August 1, 1863)
Resigned February 3, 1864
HughJudsonKilpatrick.jpg
Kilpatrick, Hugh Judson Major general, USV
(June 18, 1865)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1861
U.S. minister to Chile (1866–1870, 1881)
NKimball.jpg
Kimball, Nathan Brigadier general, USV
(April 16, 1862)
Major general, USV
(February 1, 1865)
John Haskell King, 1818-1888 LCCN2002712786.jpg
King, John Haskell Colonel, USA
(1865)
Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(May 31, 1865)
Rufus King Civil War General - Brady-Handy.jpg
King, Rufus Brigadier general, USV
(May 17, 1861)
USMA, 1833
Resigned October 1863
U.S. minister to the Papal States (1863–1867)
Appointed minister in 1861, took a leave of absence to join the Army
Kirby, Edmund First Lieutenant, USA
(1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(May 28, 1863)
USMA, 1861
DOW, Second Battle of Fredericksburg (w. May 3, 1863, d. May 28, 1863)
Edward N Kirk.jpg
Kirk, Edward Needles Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
DOW, Battle of Stones River (w. December 31, 1862, d. July 21, 1863)
John Howard Kitching.jpg
Kitching, John Howard Colonel, USV
(April 26, 1863)
Brigadier general, USV
(August 1, 1864)
DOW, Battle of Cedar Creek (w. October 19, 1864, d. January 10, 1865)
Joseph F Knipe.jpg
Knipe, Joseph Farmer Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Wlodzimierz Krzyzanowski.jpg
Krzyzanowski, Wladimir Colonel, USV
(1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(March 2, 1865)
First cousin of Frédéric Chopin
Appointment as brigadier general, USV (November 29, 1862) expired March 4, 1863, but served at that rank most of the war

L

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
FWLander.jpg
Lander, Frederick West Brigadier general, USV
(May 17, 1861)
Died of illness, March 2, 1862
James Henry Lane.jpg
Lane, James H. Brigadier general, USV
(December 18, 1861)
U.S. Congressman from Indiana (1853–1855)
U.S. Senator from Kansas (1861–1866)
Commission cancelled March 21, 1862
Reinstated April 11, 1862
Jacob Gartner Lauman 1.JPG
Lauman, Jacob G. Brigadier general, USV
(March 21, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Relieved of duty, July 15, 1863
MKLawler UA ACW.jpg
Lawler, Michael Kelly Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Albert G Lawrence.png
Lawrence, Albert Gallatin Captain, USV Brigadier general, USV
(March 25, 1865)
U.S. minister to Costa Rica (1867–1868)
Son-in-law of Brigadier General Joseph Pannell Taylor and President Zachary Taylor
Brother-in-law of John McLean Taylor
James Ledlie.jpg
Ledlie, James H. Brigadier general, USV
(October 27, 1863)
Original appointment as brigadier general, USV (December 24, 1862) expired March 4, 1863
Relieved of command, July, 1864
Resigned January 23, 1865
Albert L Lee.jpg
Lee, Albert Lindley Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Resigned May 4, 1865
Mortimer Dormer Leggett - Brady-Handy.jpg
Leggett, Mortimer Dormer Major general, USV
(August 21, 1865)
Joseph A J Lightburn.jpg
Lightburn, Joseph Andrew Jackson Brigadier general, USV
(March 16, 1863)
Henry Hayes Lockwood.jpg
Lockwood, Henry Hayes Brigadier general, USV
(August 8, 1861)
USMA, 1836
John Alexander Logan.jpg
Logan, John Alexander Major general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Commander-in-chief, GAR (1868–1871)
U.S. Congressman from Illinois (1859–1861, 1867–1871)
U.S. Senator from Illinois (1871–1877, 1879–1886)
Eli Long (1837–1903) - Union General.jpg
Long, Eli Captain, USA
(May 24, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(August 18, 1864)
Major general, USA
Major general, USV
CRLowell.jpg
Lowell, Charles Russell Brigadier general, USV
(October 19, 1864)
KIA, Battle of Cedar Creek (October 19, 1864)
Colonel Thomas John Lucas USA.JPG
Lucas, Thomas John Brigadier general, USV
(November 10, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 26, 1865)
Nathaniel lyon small.jpg
Lyon, Nathaniel Captain, USA
Brigadier general, USV
(May 17, 1861)
USMA, 1841
KIA, Battle of Wilson's Creek (August 10, 1861)
First Union general killed during the war
Received the Thanks of Congress (December 24, 1861)
WHLytle.jpg
Lytle, William Haines Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
KIA, Battle of Chickamauga (September 20, 1863)

M

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
JMcArthur.jpg
McArthur, John Brigadier general, USV
(March 21, 1862)
Major general, USV
GAMcCall.jpg
McCall, George Archibald Brigadier general, USV
(May 15, 1861)
USMA, 1822
Resigned March 31, 1863
McCleery, James Major, USV
(1865)
Brigadier general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Louisiana (1871)
GeorgeMcClellan.jpeg
McClellan, George Brinton Major general, USA
(May 14, 1861)
USMA, 1846
General-in-Chief (November 1, 1861 – July 22, 1862)
Relieved of duty November 7, 1862
Resigned November 8, 1864
Governor of New Jersey (1878–1881)
John Alexander McClernand.jpg
McClernand, John Alexander Major general, USV
(May 21, 1862)
Resigned November 30, 1864
U.S. Congressman from Illinois (1843–1851, 1859–1861)
McConihe, John Colonel, USV Brigadier general, USV
(June 1, 1864)
KIA, Battle of Cold Harbor (June 1, 1864)
Alexander McDowell McCook.jpg
McCook, Alexander McDowell Major general, USV
(July 17, 1862)
Highest-ranking of the fourteen "Fighting McCooks"
Brother of Daniel McCook, Jr., Edwin Stanton McCook, and Robert Latimer McCook
Cousin of Anson George McCook and Edward Moody McCook
Daniel McCook, Jr.jpg
McCook, Daniel, Jr. Brigadier general, USV
(July 16, 1864)
DOW, Battle of Kennesaw Mountain (w. June 27, 1864, d. July 17, 1864)
Brother of Alexander McDowell McCook, Edwin Stanton McCook, and Robert Latimer McCook
Cousin of Anson George McCook and Edward Moody McCook
Edward M. McCook - Brady-Handy.jpg
McCook, Edward Moody First Lieutenant, USA
(May 8, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(April 27, 1864)
Brigadier general, USA
Major general, USV
U.S. minister to Hawai'i (1866–1868)
Territorial Governor of Colorado (1869–1873, 1874–1875)
Brother of Anson George McCook
Cousin of Alexander McDowell McCook, Daniel McCook, Jr., Edwin Stanton McCook, and Robert Latimer McCook
RLMcCook.jpg
McCook, Robert Latimer Brigadier general, USV
(March 21, 1862)
DOW sustained near Huntsville, Alabama (w. August 5, 1862, d. August 6, 1862)
Brother of Alexander McDowell McCook, Daniel McCook, Jr., and Edwin Stanton McCook
Cousin of Anson George McCook and Edward Moody McCook
Irv mcdowell.jpg
McDowell, Irvin Brigadier general, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Major general, USV
(March 14, 1862)
USMA, 1838
George Francis McGinnis.jpg
McGinnis, George Francis Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Gen. John B. McIntosh, Col. 3rd Pa. Cav. LOC cwpb.06178.jpg
McIntosh, John Baillie Second Lieutenant, USA
(1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(July 21, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Brother of General James McQueen McIntosh, CSA
T J McKean BGen ACW.JPG
McKean, Thomas Jefferson Brigadier general, USV
(November 21, 1861)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1831
RSMackenzie.jpg
Mackenzie, Ranald Slidell Captain, USA
Brigadier general, USV
(1864)
Brigadier general, USA
Major general, USV
USMA, 1862
Nephew of Confederate diplomat John Slidell
McKinstry, Justus Brigadier general, USV
(September 2, 1861)
USMA, 1838
Dismissed from service for corruption, January 28, 1863
Gen-nmclean.jpg
McLean, Nathaniel Collins Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Resigned April 20, 1865
J W McMillan ACW.jpg
McMillan, James Winning Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 5, 1865)
Resigned May 15, 1865
JohnMcNeil.jpg
McNeil, John Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USV
(April 12, 1865)
Resigned April 12, 1865
Brady-GeneralMcPherson.jpg
McPherson, James Birdseye Brigadier general, USA
(August 1, 1863)
Major general, USV
(October 8, 1862)
USMA, 1853
KIA, Battle of Atlanta (July 22, 1864)
Only Union Army commander to be KIA
Maltby, Jasper Adalmorn Brigadier general, USV
(August 4, 1863)
Joseph K Mansfield.jpg
Mansfield, Joseph King Fenno Brigadier general, USA
(May 6, 1861)
Major general, USV
(July 18, 1862)
USMA, 1822
DOW, Battle of Antietam (w. September 17, 1862, d. September 18, 1862)
MDManson.jpg
Manson, Mahlon Dickerson Brigadier general, USV
(March 24, 1862)
Resigned due to wounds, December 21, 1864
U.S. Congressman from Indiana (1871–1873)
Randolph B. Marcy - Brady-Handy.jpg
Marcy, Randolph Barnes Colonel, USA
(August 9, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(September 28, 1861)
Brigadier general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1832
Inspector General, U.S. Army (1861–1881)
Volunteer appointment expired March 4, 1863
Father-in-law of George Brinton McClellan
Marsh, Charles Carroll Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Appointment withdrawn
Resigned April 22, 1863
Gilman Marston - Brady-Handy.jpg
Marston, Gilman Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Resigned April 20, 1865
U.S. Congressman from New Hampshire (1859–1863, 1865–1867)
U.S. Senator from New Hampshire (1889)
John H. Martindale.jpg
Martindale, John Henry Brigadier general, USV
(August 9, 1861)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1835
Resigned September 13, 1864
Mason, John Sanford Major, USA
(1864)
Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Brigadier general, USA
(1865)
USMA, 1847
18-14-136-vicksburg.jpg
Matthies, Charles Leopold
(b. Matthies, Karl Leopold)
Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
First officer to muster a company of volunteers for U.S. service (January 9, 1861)
Resigned May 16, 1864
George G. Meade Standing.jpg
Meade, George Gordon Major general, USA
(August 18, 1864)
USMA, 1835
Received the Thanks of Congress (January 28, 1864)
Namesake of Fort Meade, Maryland
Meagher4s.jpg
Meagher, Thomas Francis Brigadier general, USV
(February 3, 1862)
Resigned May 14, 1863, resignation rejected
Resigned May 15, 1865
New-Meigs.jpg
Meigs, Montgomery Cunningham Brigadier general, USA
(May 15, 1861)
Major general, USA
(July 5, 1864)
USMA, 1836
Quartermaster General (1861–1882)
Solomon Meredith - Brady-Handy.jpg
Meredith, Solomon Brigadier general, USV
(October 6, 1862)
Major general, USV
(August 14, 1865)
Meredith, Sullivan Amory Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Wesley Merritt.jpg
Merritt, Wesley Captain, USA
(1862)
Major general, USV
(April 1, 1865)
Major general, USA
(1865)
USMA, 1860
Superintendent, USMA (1882–1887)
Military Governor of the Philippines (1898)
Nelson Appleton Miles.jpg
Miles, Nelson Appleton Major general, USV
(October 21, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Chancellorsville (May 2–3, 1863)
Last General-in-Chief (1895–1902); position replaced with Chief of Staff upon his retirement
Military Governor of Puerto Rico (1898)
Commander-in-chief, MOLLUS (1919–1925)
Last surviving Major General (d. May 15, 1925)
John Franklin Miller.jpg
Miller, John Franklin Brigadier general, USV
(January 5, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Senator from California (1881–1886)
Stephen Miller, 1863.jpg
Miller, Stephen Brigadier general, USV
(October 26, 1863)
Resigned January 18, 1864
Governor of Minnesota (1864–1865)
Robert H. Milroy - Brady-Handy.jpg
Milroy, Robert Huston Major general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Ormsby Mitchel.jpg
Mitchel, Ormsby MacKnight Major general, USV
(April 11, 1862)
USMA, 1829
Died of yellow fever, October 30, 1862
General John Grant Mitchell.jpg
Mitchell, John Grant Brigadier general, USV
(January 12, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned July 3, 1865
Robert Byington Mitchell.jpg
Mitchell, Robert Byington Brigadier general, USV
(April 8, 1862)
Territorial Governor of New Mexico (1866–1869)
Montgomery, William Reading Brigadier general, USV
(May 17, 1861)
USMA, 1825
Resigned April 4, 1864
GWMorell.jpg
Morell, George Webb Brigadier general, USV
(August 9, 1861)
USMA, 1835
Appointment as major general, USV (July 4, 1862) expired March 4, 1863
Mustered out December 15, 1864
Morgan, Charles Hale Captain, USA
(August 5, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(May 21, 1865)
USMA, 1857
EDMorgan.jpg
Morgan, Edwin Denison Major general, USV
(September 28, 1861)
Resigned January 1, 1863
First (and longest-sitting) Chairman of the Republican National Committee (1856–1864, 1872–1876)
Governor of New York (1859–1862)
U.S. Senator from New York (1863–1869)
George W. Morgan.jpg
Morgan, George Washington Brigadier general, USV
(November 21, 1861)
Brigadier general, USA
(1848)
USMA (class of 1845), resigned 1843
Resigned volunteer commission June 8, 1863
U.S. minister to Portugal (1858–1861)
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1869-1869, 1871–1873)
James D. Morgan (ALP BIB 2759).jpg
Morgan, James Dada Brigadier general, USV
(July 17, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 19, 1865)
Gen. William H. Morris - NARA - 528662.jpg
Morris, William Hopkins Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1851
James St Clair Morton 1863.jpg
Morton, James St. Clair Major, USA
(July 3, 1863)
Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
USMA, 1851
Resigned volunteer commission November 7, 1863
KIA, Siege of Petersburg (July 17, 1864)
Gershom Mott - Brady-Handy.jpg
Mott, Gershom Major general, USV
(May 26, 1865)
J A Mower.jpg
Mower, Joseph Anthony Major general, USV
(August 12, 1864)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
James A. Mulligan.jpg
Mulligan, James Adelbert Colonel, USV Brigadier general, USV
(July 23, 1864)
DOW, Second Battle of Kernstown (w. July 23, 1864, d. July 26, 1864)
Albert J. Myer - Brady-Handy.jpg
Myer, Albert James Colonel, USV
(March 13, 1863)
Brigadier general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Chief Signal Officer (1860–1863, 1866–1880)
Namesake of Fort Myer, Virginia

N

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
JNagleACW.jpg
Nagle, James Brigadier general, USV
(March 13, 1863)
Original appointment as brigadier general, USV (September 10, 1862) expired March 4, 1863 due to lack of Senate confirmation
Resigned, May 9, 1863
Recommissioned as Colonel (July 4, 1863 – August 2, 1863)
Recommissioned again as Colonel (1864)
Resigned, November 5, 1864
HMNaglee.jpg
Naglee, Henry Morris Brigadier general, USV
(February 12, 1862)
USMA, 1835
Relieved, September 23, 1863
Mustered out, April 4, 1864
James Scott Negley.jpg
Negley, James S. Major general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Relieved, September, 1864
Resigned, January 19, 1865
U.S. Congressman from Pennsylvania (1869–1887)
Thomas Neill.jpg
Neill, Thomas Hewson Major, USA
Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1863)
Brigadier general, USA
Major general, USV
USMA, 1847
Superintendent, USMA (1876–1879)
William Nelson.jpg
Nelson, William Major general, USV
(July 17, 1862)
Only naval officer in either army to reach major general
Shot and killed in a private altercation by Brigadier General Jefferson C. Davis (September 29, 1862)
John Newton (ACW).jpg
Newton, John Colonel, USA
Major general, USV
(March 30, 1863)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1842
son of Congressman Thomas Newton, Jr.
Volunteer rank revoked April 18, 1864
Nickerson, Franklin Stillman Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Relieved, July 22, 1864
Resigned May 13, 1865

O

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Richard James Oglesby.jpg
Oglesby, Richard James "Uncle Dick" Major general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Resigned, May 26, 1864
Governor of Illinois (1865–1869, 1873, 1885–1889)
U.S. Senator from Illinois (1873–1879)
Present at the deathbed of Abraham Lincoln
John Morrison Oliver.jpg
Oliver, John Morrison Brigadier general, USV
(January 12, 1865)
Major general, USV
Emerson Opdycke - Brady-Handy.jpg
Opdycke, Emerson
(b. Opdycke, Samuel Emerson)
Brigadier general, USV
(July 26, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Eord.jpg
Ord, Edward Otho Cresap Colonel, USA
Major general, USV
(May 3, 1862)
USMA, 1839
Orme, William Ward Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Resigned, April 20, 1864
T O Osborn ACW.jpg
Osborn, Thomas Ogden Brigadier general, USV
(May 1, 1865)
Major general, USV U.S. minister to Argentina (1874–1885)
Peter J Osterhaus.jpg
Osterhaus, Peter Joseph Major general, USV
(July 23, 1864)
Joshua T Owen.jpg
Owen, Joshua Thomas Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Commission never confirmed by Senate, expired March 4, 1863
Relieved of duty, June, 1864
Mustered out, July, 1864

P

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
General Charles Paine.jpg
Paine, Charles Jackson Brigadier general, USV
(July 4, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Brigadier General Eleazer A. Paine, Colonel of the 9th Illinois Infantry Regiment, half-length portrait, seated, facing front, in uniform LCCN2017647340.jpg
Paine, Eleazar Arthur Brigadier general, USV
(September 3, 1861)
USMA, 1839
Resigned April 5, 1865
Cousin of Halbert Eleazer Paine
Halbert Eleazer Paine2.jpg
Paine, Halbert Eleazer Brigadier general, USV
(April 9, 1863)
Resigned May 15, 1865
U.S. Congressman from Wisconsin (1865–1871)
Cousin of Eleazer Arthur Paine
Innis N. Palmer - Brady-Handy.jpg
Palmer, Innis Newton Lieutenant colonel, USA
(1863)
Brigadier general, USV
(September 23, 1861)
Brigadier general, USA
Major general, USV
USMA, 1846
JohnMPalmer.png
Palmer, John McCauley Major general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Governor of Illinois (1869–1873)
U.S. Senator from Illinois (1891–1897)
Commander-in-chief, GAR (1891–1892)
John Parke - Brady-Handy.jpg
Parke, John Grubb Major general, USV
(July 18, 1862)
Major general, USA USMA, 1849
Superintendent, USMA (1887–1889)
Parsons, Lewis Baldwin Brigadier general, USV
(May 11, 1865)
Major general, USV
MRPatrick.jpg
Patrick, Marsena Rudolph Brigadier general, USV
(March 20, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1835
Patten, Henry Lyman Major, USV Brigadier general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
DOW, Second Battle of Deep Bottom (w. August 17, 1864, d. September 10, 1864)
Francis Engle Patterson.jpg
Patterson, Francis Engle Brigadier general, USV
(April 11, 1862)
"Killed by accidental discharge of his own pistol" (November 22, 1862)
Son of Robert Patterson
Brother-in-law of John Joseph Abercrombie
Robert Patterson.jpg
Patterson, Robert Major general, USV Discharged July, 1861
Father of Francis E. Patterson
Father-in-law of John Joseph Abercrombie
Brig. Gen. Gabriel René Paul.jpg
Paul, Gabriel René Brigadier general, USA
(February 16, 1865)
Brigadier general, USV
(April 18, 1863)
Retired February 16, 1865 due to blinding at Battle of Gettysburg (July 1, 1863)
USMA, 1834
Original appointment as brigadier general, USV (September 5, 1862) expired March 4, 1863
Peck, Frank Henry Lieutenant colonel, USV Brigadier general, USV
(September 19, 1864)
DOW, Battle of Opequon (w. September 19, 1864, d. September 20, 1864)
JJPeck.jpg
Peck, John James Major general, USV
(July 4, 1862)
USMA, 1843
Galusha Pennypacker.jpg
Pennypacker, Galusha Brigadier general, USV
(February 18, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Fort Fisher (January 15, 1865)
Youngest general in U.S. history
Penrose, William Henry First Lieutenant, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(July 27, 1865)
John smith phelps.jpg
Phelps, John Smith Brigadier general, USV
(July 19, 1862)
Appointment expired March 4, 1863
U.S. Congressman from Missouri (1845–1863)
Military Governor of Arkansas (1862–1863)
Governor of Missouri (1877–1881)
John wolcott phelps.jpg
Phelps, John Wolcott Brigadier general, USV
(May 17, 1861)
Resigned, August 21, 1862)
USMA, 1836
Half-brother of Charles Edward Phelps
A S Piatt ACW.JPG
Piatt, Abram Sanders
(aka Piatt, Abraham Sanders)
Brigadier general, USV
(April 30, 1862)
Resigned February 17, 1863
Pierce, Byron Root Brigadier general, USV
(June 7, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
WAPile.jpg
Pile, William Anderson Brigadier general, USV
(December 26, 1863)
Major general, USV
(April, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Missouri (1867–1869)
Territorial Governor of New Mexico (1869–1871)
U.S. minister to Venezuela (1871–1874)
Pitcher, Thomas Gamble Captain, USA
(1858)
Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Brigadier general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1845
Superintendent, USMA (1866–1870)
Alfred Pleasonton.jpg
Pleasonton, Alfred Major, USA
(1862)
Major general, USV
(June 22, 1863)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1844
Gen. Joseph B. Plummer - NARA - 528834.jpg
Plummer, Joseph Bennett Major, USA
(April, 1862)
Brigadier general, USV
(October 27, 1861)
USMA, 1841
Died "Of Wound and Exposure in the Active Field", August 9, 1862
OrlandoPoe.jpg
Poe, Orlando Metcalfe Captain, USA
Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Brigadier general, USA USMA, 1856
Volunteer appointment expired March 4, 1863
GenJohnPope.jpeg
Pope, John Brigadier general, USA
(July 14, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 21, 1862)
USMA, 1842
Brother-in-law of Force, Manning Ferguson
Andrew Porter.jpg
Porter, Andrew Colonel, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(May 18, 1861)
Mustered out of volunteer service April 4, 1864
Resigned regular commission April 20, 1864
USMA (class of 1844), resigned in 1840
Cousin of Horace Porter
First cousin (once removed) of Mary Todd Lincoln
Fitz John Porter.jpg
Porter, Fitz John Colonel, USA
(1861)
Major general, USV
(July 4, 1862)
Brigadier general, USA
(1862)
USMA, 1845
Relieved September 5, 1862
court-martialed and convicted (January 10, 1863)
Dismissed from service January 21, 1863
Exonerated March 19, 1879
Nephew of David Dixon Porter, USN and William David Porter, USN
Gen. Edward E. Potter - NARA - 529382.jpg
Potter, Edward Elmer Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Joseph H Potter.jpg
Potter, Joseph Haydn Major, USA
(1863)
Brigadier general, USV
(May 1, 1865)
Brigadier general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1843
RBPotter.jpg
Potter, Robert Brown Major general, USV
(September 29, 1865)
Benjamin F Potts.jpg
Potts, Benjamin Franklin Brigadier general, USV
(January 12, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Territorial Governor of Montana (1870–1883)
WHPowell.png
Powell, William Henry Brigadier general, USV
(October 19, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH for actions at Sinking Creek (November 26, 1862)
Resigned January 5, 1865
Calvin E. Pratt LOC cwpb.05578.jpg
Pratt, Calvin Edward Brigadier general, USV
(September 13, 1862)
Resigned April 25, 1863
General Benjamin Prentiss.jpg
Prentiss, Benjamin Mayberry Major general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Resigned October 28, 1863
Prescott, George Lincoln Colonel, USV Brigadier general, USV
(June 18, 1864)
DOW, Second Battle of Petersburg (w. June 18, 1864, d. June 19, 1864)
Henry Prince.jpg
Prince, Henry Major, USA (1855)
Brigadier general, USV
(April 20, 1862)
Brigadier general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1835

Q

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
18-14-145-vicksburg.jpg
Quinby, Isaac Ferdinand Brigadier general, USV
(March 17, 1862)
USMA, 1843
Resigned, December 31, 1863

R

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
George D. Ramsay (cropped).jpg
Ramsay, George Douglas Brigadier general, USA
(September 15, 1863)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1820
Retired September 12, 1864
Chief of Ordnance (1863–1864)
TEGRansom.jpg
Ransom, Thomas Edward Greenfield Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USV
(September 1, 1864)
Died October 29, 1864
GBRaum.jpg
Raum, Green Berry Brigadier general, USV
(February 15, 1865)
General-JARawlins.jpg
Rawlins, John Aaron Brigadier general, USA
(March 3, 1865)
Major general, USA
(April 9, 1865)
Major general, USV
(February 24, 1865)
Chief of Staff to General Ulysses S. Grant
Secretary of War (1869)
Read, Theodore Lieutenant colonel, USV Brigadier general, USV
(September 29, 1864)
KIA, Battle of High Bridge (April 6, 1865)
Hugh Thompson Reid.jpg
Reid, Hugh Thompson Brigadier general, USV
(April 9, 1863)
Resigned April 4, 1864
Reilly, James William Brigadier general, USV
(July 30, 1864)
Resigned April 20, 1865
JLReno.jpg
Reno, Jesse Lee Captain, USA
Major general, USV
(July 18, 1862)
USMA, 1846
KIA, Battle of South Mountain (September 14, 1862)
Joseph Warren Revere.jpg
Revere, Joseph Warren Brigadier general, USV
(October 25, 1862)
Forced to resign August 10, 1863
Grandson of Paul Revere
Cousin of Paul Joseph Revere
Revere, Paul Joseph Colonel, USV Brigadier general, USV
(July 2, 1863)
DOW, Battle of Gettysburg (w. July 2, 1863, d. July 4, 1863)
Grandson of Paul Revere
Cousin of Joseph Warren Revere
J Renyolds.jpg
Reynolds, John Fulton Lieutenant colonel, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Major general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
USMA, 1841
Superintendent, USMA (1860–1861)
KIA, Battle of Gettysburg (July 1, 1863)
Joseph J Reynolds.jpg
Reynolds, Joseph Jones Major general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
USMA, 1843
GenAVRice.jpg
Rice, Americus Vespucius Brigadier general, USV
(May 31, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1875–1879)
Elliotwarrenrice.jpg
Rice, Elliott Warren Brigadier general, USV
(June 22, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Brother of Samuel Allen Rice
JamesCRice1864.jpg
Rice, James Clay Brigadier general, USV
(August 17, 1863)
KIA, Battle of Spotsylvania (May 10, 1864)
Samuelallenricecommons.jpg
Rice, Samuel Allen Brigadier general, USV
(August 4, 1863)
DOW, Battle of Jenkins' Ferry (w. April 30, 1864, d. July 6, 1864)
Brother of Elliott Warren Rice
IBRichardson.jpg
Richardson, Israel Bush Major general, USV
(July 4, 1862)
USMA, 1841
DOW, Battle of Antietam (w. September 17, 1862, d. November 3, 1862)
James B. Ricketts - Brady-Handy.jpg
Ricketts, James Brewerton Major, USA
Brigadier general, USV
(July 21, 1861)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(August 1, 1864)
USMA, 1839
JWRipley.jpg
Ripley, James Wolfe Brigadier general, USA
(August 3, 1861)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1814
Chief of Ordnance (1861–1863)
Uncle of General Roswell Sabine Ripley, CSA
Benjamin S. Roberts - Brady-Handy.jpg
Roberts, Benjamin Stone Major, USA
(May 13, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(July 16, 1862)
Brigadier general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1835
James Sidney Robinson.png
Robinson, James Sidney Brigadier general, USV
(January 12, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1881–1885)
John Cleveland Robinson.jpg
Robinson, John Cleveland Captain, USA
Brigadier general, USV
(April 28, 1861)
Major general, USA
Major general, USV
MOH, Battle of Laurel Hill (May 8, 1864)
USMA (class of 1839), dismissed 1836
Commander-in-chief, GAR (1877–1879)
IPRodman.jpg
Rodman, Isaac Peace Brigadier general, USV
(April 28, 1862)
DOW, Battle of Antietam (w. September 17, 1862, d. September 30, 1862)
GenWmSRosecrans.jpg
Rosecrans, William Starke Brigadier general, USA
(May 16, 1861)
Major general, USV
(March 21, 1862)
USMA, 1842
Rejected original appointment as major general, USV (September 17, 1862)
Received the Thanks of Congress (March 3, 1863)
U.S. minister to Mexico (1868–1869)
U.S. Congressman from California (1881–1885)
Leonard Fulton Ross Portrait.jpg
Ross, Leonard Fulton Brigadier general, USV
(April 26, 1862)
Resigned July 22, 1863
GenLHRousseau.jpg
Rousseau, Lovell Harrison Major general, USV
(October 8, 1862)
U.S. Congressman from Kentucky (1865–1866, 1866–1867)
Father-in-law of Louis Douglass Watkins
Thomas Algeo Rowley- headshot.jpg
Rowley, Thomas Algeo Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Convicted by Court-martial (April 23, 1864) for actions at the Battle of Gettysburg.
Conviction overturned by Secretary of War Edwin Stanton
Resigned December 29, 1864
Rucker, Daniel Henry Major, USA
(August, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(May 23, 1863)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Thomas H. Ruger.jpg
Ruger, Thomas Howard Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USV
(November 30, 1864)
USMA, 1854
Military Governor of Georgia (1868)
Superintendent, USMA (1871–1876)
DARussel.jpg
Russell, David Allen Major, USA
(1862)
Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USA USMA, 1845
KIA, Battle of Opequon (September 19, 1864)
Brigadier General Friend Smith Rutherford, 97th Illinois Infantry Volunteers, died June 20, 1864.
Rutherford, Friend Smith Colonel, USV
(Sept. 1862)
Brigadier general, USV
(June 27, 1864)
Died from disease on June 20, 1864 after resigning his commission 5 days earlier.
Brother to Bvt. Brigadiers George V. Rutherford and Reuben C. Rutherford.

S

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Sackett, William Colonel, USV
(May 1, 1863)
Brigadier general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
DOW, Battle of Trevilian Station (w. June 11, 1864, d. June 14, 1864)
FCSalomon.jpg
Salomon, Frederick C.
(aka Salomon, Friedrich)
Brigadier general, USV
(July 16, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Brother of Wisconsin Governor Edward Salomon
John B Sanborn.jpg
Sanborn, John Benjamin Brigadier general, USV
(August 4, 1863)
Major general, USV
(February 10, 1865)
William P. Sanders.jpg
Sanders, William Price Captain, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Colonel, USV (March 4, 1863)
USMA, 1856
Appointed Brigadier general, USV (October 18, 1863) but not confirmed by U.S. Senate before his death one month later. Despite being listed as a "might have been" by Eicher, 2001, pp. 609-610, Warner, 1964, pp. 419-420 lists him as a brig. gen. without qualification.
DOW, Siege of Knoxville (w. November 18, 1863, d. November 19, 1863)
Rufus Saxton, Union General.jpg
Saxton, Rufus Captain, USA
(May 13, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(April 15, 1862)
Brigadier general, USA
(April 9, 1865)
Major general, USV
(January 12, 1865)
USMA, 1849
MOH for defense of Harper's Ferry during Jackson's Valley Campaign (May 26–30, 1862)
EPScammon.jpg
Scammon, Eliakim Parker Brigadier general, USV
(October 15, 1862)
USMA, 1837
Robert C. Schenck - Brady-Handy.jpg
Schenck, Robert Cumming Major general, USV
(August 30, 1862)
Resigned December 5, 1863
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1843–1851, 1863–1871)
U.S. minister to Brazil (1851–1853)
U.S. minister to the Court of St. James (1871–1876)
Alexander Schimmelfennig.jpg
Schimmelfennig, Alexander Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Died of tuberculosis September 5, 1865
AlbinFSchoepf.jpg
Schoepf, Albin Francisco Brigadier general, USV
(September 30, 1861)
John Schofield.jpg
Schofield, John McAllister Brigadier general, USA
(November 30, 1864)
Major general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1853
MOH, Battle of Wilson's Creek (August 10, 1861)
Secretary of War (1868–1869)
Superintendent, USMA (1876–1881)
General-in-Chief of the U.S. Army (1888–1895)
Commander-in-chief, MOLLUS (1899–1903)
Carl-Schurz.jpg
Schurz, Carl Major general, USV
(March 14, 1863)
Resigned May 6, 1865
U.S. minister to Spain (1861)
U.S. Senator from Missouri (1869–1875)
Secretary of the Interior (1877–1881)
Robert Kingston Scott - Brady-Handy.jpg
Scott, Robert Kingston Brigadier general, USV
(January 12, 1865)
Major general, USV
(December 5, 1865)
Governor of South Carolina (1868–1872)
Winfield Scott.jpg
Scott, Winfield Major general, USA
(June 25, 1841)
Lieutenant general, USA
(March 29, 1847)
Retired November 1, 1861
General-in-Chief (1841–1861)
Twice received the Congressional Gold Medal (November 3, 1814; March 9, 1848)
Author of the Anaconda Plan to defeat the Confederacy
John Sedgwick.png
Sedgwick, John Colonel, USA
(April 25, 1861)
Major general, USV
(July 4, 1862)
USMA, 1837
KIA, Battle of Spotsylvania Court House (May 9, 1864)
Highest-ranked Union general KIA
SEWELL, William J (BEP engraved portrait).jpg
Sewell, William Joyce Colonel, USV
(October 1, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Chancellorsville (May 3, 1863)
U.S. Senator from New Jersey (1881–1887, 1895–1901)
Seward, William Henry, Jr..jpg
Seward, William Henry, Jr. Brigadier general, USV
(September 13, 1864)
Resigned June 1, 1865
Son of Secretary of State William Henry Seward
TSeymour.jpg
Seymour, Truman Captain, USA
(November 22, 1860
Brigadier general, USV
(April 28, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1846
JamesMShackelford.jpg
Shackelford, James Murrell Brigadier general, USV
(January 2, 1863)
Resigned January 18, 1864
Alexander Shaler seated.jpg
Shaler, Alexander Brigadier general, USV
(May 26, 1863)
Major general, USV
(July 27, 1863)
MOH, Second Battle of Fredericksburg (May 3, 1863)
Shepard, Isaac Fitzgerald Brigadier general, USV
(October 27, 1863)
Appointment expired July 4, 1864
George F Shepley.jpg
Shepley, George Foster Brigadier general, USV
(July 18, 1862)
Resigned July 1, 1865
Military Governor of Louisiana (1862–1864)
Philip Sheridan 01009a restored.jpg
Sheridan, Philip Henry Major general, USA
(November 8, 1864)
USMA, 1853
Received the Thanks of Congress (February 9, 1865)
General-in-Chief (1883–1888)
Commander-in-chief, MOLLUS (1886–1888)
Sherman, Francis Trowbridge Brigadier general, USV
(July 21, 1865)
TWSherman.jpg
Sherman, Thomas West Lieutenant colonel, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(May 17, 1861)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1836
William-Tecumseh-Sherman.jpg
Sherman, William Tecumseh Major general, USA
(August 12, 1864)
USMA, 1841
Twice received the Thanks of Congress (February 19, 1864; January 19, 1865)
General-in-Chief (1869–1883)
James Shields - Brady-Handy.jpg
Shields, James Brigadier general, USV
(August 19, 1861)
Resigned March 28, 1863
U.S. Senator from Illinois (1849–1855)
U.S. Senator from Minnesota (1858–1859)
U.S. Senator from Missouri (1879)
Henry Hastings Sibley.jpg
Sibley, Henry Hastings Brigadier general, USV
(March 20, 1863)
Major general, USV
(November 29, 1865)
Original appointment as brigadier general, USV (September 29, 1862) expired March 4, 1863
Congressional Delegate from the Wisconsin Territory (1848–1849)
Congressional Delegate from the Minnesota Territory (1849–1853)
1st Governor of Minnesota (1858–1860)
Daniel Edgar Sickles.jpg
Sickles, Daniel Edgar Major general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
MOH, Battle of Gettysburg (July 2, 1863)
U.S. Congressman from New York (1857–1861, 1893–1895)
U.S. minister to Spain (1869–1874)
Franz Sigel.jpg
Sigel, Franz Major general, USV
(March 21, 1862)
Resigned May 4, 1865
Gen-Sill.jpg
Sill, Joshua Woodrow Brigadier general, USV
(July 16, 1862)
USMA, 1853
KIA, Battle of Stones River (December 31, 1862)
Slack, James Richard Brigadier general, USV
(November 10, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Lieutenant-slemmer.jpg
Slemmer, Adam Jacoby Lieutenant colonel, USA
(February 8, 1864)
Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Brigadier general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1850
Henry Warner Slocum.jpg
Slocum, Henry Warner Major general, USV
(July 4, 1862)
USMA, 1852
Resigned September 28, 1865
U.S. Congressman from New York (1869–1973, 1883–1885)
John potts slough.jpg
Slough, John Potts Brigadier general, USV
(August 25, 1862)
AJSmith.jpg
Smith, Andrew Jackson Lieutenant colonel, USA
*May 9, 1864)
Major general, USV
(May 12, 1864)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1838
CFSmith.jpg
Smith, Charles Ferguson Colonel, USA
(September 9, 1861)
Major general, USV
(March 21, 1862)
USMA, 1825
Died from infection April 25, 1862
Giles Alexander Smith - Brady-Handy.jpg
Smith, Giles Alexander Major general, USV
(November 24, 1865)
Brother of Morgan Lewis Smith
Last Major General of volunteers by seniority
Green Clay Smith - Brady-Handy.jpg
Smith, Green Clay Brigadier general, USV
(June 11, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned December 4, 1863
U.S. Congressman from Kentucky (1863–1866)
Territorial Governor of Montana (1866–1869)
Smith, Gustavus Adolphus Brigadier general, USV
(September 19, 1862)
Brigadier general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Appointment expired March 4, 1863
John E Smith.jpg
Smith, John Eugene Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USV
(January 12, 1865)
MLSmith.jpg
Smith, Morgan Lewis
(aka Sanford, Martin L.)
Brigadier general, USV
(July 16, 1862)
Resigned July 12, 1865
Brother of Giles Alexander Smith
TCHSmith.jpg
Smith, Thomas Church Haskell Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
TKSmith.jpg
Smith, Thomas Kilby Brigadier general, USV
(August 11, 1863)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
WFSmith MGEN.JPG
Smith, William Farrar Major
(March 3, 1863)
Major general, USV
(March 9, 1864)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1845
Original appointment as major general, USV (July 4, 1862) expired March 4, 1863
William Sooy Smith.jpg
Smith, William Sooy Brigadier general, USV
(April 15, 1862)
Resigned July 15, 1864
Thomas Alfred Smyth.JPG
Smyth, Thomas Alfred Brigadier general, USV
(October 1, 1864)
Major general, USV
(April 7, 1865)
DOW, Battle of Cumberland Church (w. April 7, 1865, d. April 9, 1865)
Last Union general killed during the war
James-gallant-spears.jpg
Spears, James Gallant Brigadier general, USV
(March 5, 1862)
Arrested February 6, 1864 for insubordination; Court-martialed and dismissed from service August 30, 1864
George E. Spencer - Brady-Handy.jpg
Spencer, George Eliphaz Colonel, USV
(September 11, 1863)
Brigadier general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Senator from Alabama (1868–1879)
Francis Barreto Spinola.jpg
Spinola, Francis Barretto Brigadier general, USV
(October 1, 1862)
Resigned June 8, 1865
U.S. Congressman from New York (1887–1893)
John W Sprague.jpg
Sprague, John Wilson Brigadier general, USV
(July 30, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Atlanta (July 22, 1864)
Julius Stahel.jpg
Stahel, Julius
(b. Stahel-Számwald, Julius H.)
Major general, USV
(March 14, 1863)
MOH, Battle of Piedmont (June 5, 1864)
Resigned February 8, 1865
David Sloane Stanley head.jpg
Stanley, David Sloane Major, USA
(December 1, 1863)
Major general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1852
MOH, Battle of Franklin (November 30, 1864)
G J Stannard UA ACW.JPG
Stannard, George Jerrison Brigadier general, USV
(March 11, 1863)
Major general, USV
(October 28, 1864)
John Converse Starkweather.jpg
Starkweather, John Converse Brigadier general, USV
(July 17, 1863)
Resigned May 11, 1865
Stedman, Griffin Alexander, Jr. Colonel, USV
(September 17, 1862)
Brigadier general, USV
August 5, 1862
DOW, Siege of Petersburg (w. August 5, 1864, d. August 6, 1864)
JBSteedmanMGenright.jpg
Steedman, James Blair Major general, USV
(April 20, 1864)
Frederick Steele.jpg
Steele, Frederick Lieutenant Colonel
(August 26, 1863)
Major general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1843
Isaacstevens.jpg
Stevens, Isaac Ingalls Major general, USV
(July 4, 1862)
USMA, 1839
KIA, Battle of Chantilly (September 1, 1862)
Territorial Governor of Washington (1853–1857)
Congressional Delegate for the Washington Territory (1857–1861)
Father of Hazard Stevens
Stevenson, John Dunlap Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned April 22, 1864
Reappointed brigadier general, USV August 7, 1864
Brigadier General Thomas Greely Stevenson of 24th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment and General Staff U.S. Volunteers Infantry Regiment in uniform) - Photographed by Black LCCN2016646124.jpg
Stevenson, Thomas Greely Brigadier general, USV
(March 14, 1863)
KIA, Battle of Spotsylvania Court House (May 10, 1864)
Original appointment as brigadier general, USV (December 24, 1862) expired March 4, 1863
Stokes, James Hughes Brigadier general, USV
(July 20, 1865)
USMA, 1835
Charles John Stolbrand.jpg
Stolbrand, Charles John
(b. Möller, Carl Johan; later:
Ståhlbrand, Carl Johan)
Brigadier general, USV
(February 18, 1865)
C P Stone UA ACW.jpg
Stone, Charles Pomeroy Colonel, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(May 17, 1861)
USMA, 1845
Mustered out of volunteer service April 4, 1864
Resigned September 13, 1864
General George Stoneman.jpg
Stoneman, George Lieutenant colonel, USA
(March 30, 1864)
Major general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1846
Governor of California (1883–1887)
Gen. Edwin H. Stoughton - NARA - 526059.jpg
Stoughton, Edwin Henry Brigadier general, USV
(November 5, 1862)
USMA, 1859
Volunteer appointment expired March 4, 1863
GCStrong.jpg
Strong, George Crockett Captain, USA
(March 3, 1863)
Major general, USV
(July 18, 1863)
USMA, 1857
DOW, Second Battle of Fort Wagner (w. July 18, 1863, d. July 30, 1863)
Strong, William Kerley Brigadier general, USV
(September 28, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV. Appointed Brigadier General, US Volunteers by President Abraham Lincoln on September 28, 1861 and was in charge of Benton Barracks and the districts of Cairo and St Louis. Resigned his commission in October 20,1863
DavidStuartMI.jpg
Stuart, David Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Appointment expired March 4, 1863
Resigned April 3, 1863
U.S. Congressman from Michigan (1853–1855)
Stumbaugh, Frederick Shearer Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Appointment revoked January 22, 1863
Mustered out May 15, 1863
Samuel D. Sturgis - Brady-Handy.jpg
Sturgis, Samuel Davis Lieutenant colonel, USA
(October 27, 1863)
Brigadier general, USV
(October 10, 1861)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1846
Gen. Jeremiah C. Sullivan - NARA - 528493.jpg
Sullivan, Jeremiah Cutler Brigadier general, USV
(April 28, 1862)
U.S. Naval Academy, 1848
Resigned May 11, 1865
Sullivan, Peter John Colonel, USV
(January 30, 1862)
Brigadier general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned August 7, 1863
U.S. minister to Colombia (1867–1869)
BG Alfred Sully.jpg
Sully, Alfred Major, USA
(March 15, 1862)
Brigadier general, USV
(September 26, 1862)
Brigadier general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 8, 1865)
USMA, 1841
Edwin Vose Sumner 1.png
Sumner, Edwin Vose Brigadier general, USA
(March 16, 1861)
Major general, USV
(July 4, 1862)
Major general, USA
(May 31, 1862)
Died of a heart attack March 21, 1863
WSwayne.jpg
Swayne, Wager Major general, USV
(June 20, 1865)
MOH, Second Battle of Corinth (October 4, 1862)
Last Major General of volunteers appointed (May 1, 1866)
Son of Supreme Court Justice Noah Haynes Swayne
TWSweeney.jpg
Sweeny, Thomas William Major, USA
(October 20, 1863)
Brigadier General USV
(November 29, 1862)
GenGS.jpg
Sykes, George Lieutenant colonel, USA
(October 16, 1863)
Major general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1838

T

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
GeneralGeorgeWTaylor.jpg
Taylor, George William Brigadier general, USV
(May 9, 1862)
DOW, Bull Run Bridge (w. August 27, 1862, d. September 1, 1862)
Taylor, Joseph Pannell Brigadier general, USA
(February 9, 1863)
Commissary General of the Army (1861–1864)
Died June 29, 1864
Brother of President Zachary Taylor
Uncle of generals Richard Taylor, CSA and David Rumph Jones, CSA
Father of John McLean Taylor
Father-in-law of Albert Gallatin Lawrence
Nelson Taylor.jpg
Taylor, Nelson Brigadier general, USV
(September 7, 1862)
Resigned January 19, 1863
U.S. Congressman from New York (1865–1867)
WRTerrill.jpg
Terrill, William R. Captain, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(September 9, 1862)
USMA, 1853
KIA, Battle of Perryville (October 8, 1862)
Brother of Confederate general James Barbour Terrill
Gen Alfred Terry.jpg
Terry, Alfred Howe Brigadier general, USA
(January 15, 1865)
Major general, USV
(January 16, 1865)
Received the Thanks of Congress (January 24, 1865)
H.D. Terry.jpg
Terry, Henry Dwight Brigadier general, USV
(July 17, 1862)
Resigned February 7, 1865
John Milton Thayer - Brady-Handy.jpg
Thayer, John Milton Brigadier general, USV
(March 13, 1863)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Original appointment as brigadier general, USV (October 4, 1862) expired March 4, 1863
Territorial Governor of Wyoming (1875–1878)
Governor of Nebraska (1887–1891); remained in office until February 8, 1892, claiming successor was not a U.S. citizen
SylvanusThayer.jpg
Thayer, Sylvanus Colonel, USA Brigadier general, USA
(May 31, 1863)
Retired June 1, 1863
Superintendent, USMA (1817–1833)
Longest-serving West Point superintendent
Oldest officer brevetted brigadier general
Thomas, Charles Colonel, USA Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Acting Quartermaster General
George Henry Thomas - Brady-Handy.jpg
Thomas, George Henry Major general, USA
(January 16, 1865)
USMA, 1840
Received the Thanks of Congress (March 3, 1865)
Thomas, Henry Goddard Captain, USA
Brigadier general, USV
(November 30, 1864)
Brigadier general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
GenLThomas.jpg
Thomas, Lorenzo Brigadier general, USA
(August 3, 1861)
Major general, USA
March 13, 1865
USMA, 1823
Adjutant General of the Army (1861–1869)
StephenThomas.jpg
Thomas, Stephen Brigadier general, USV
(February 1, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Cedar Creek (October 19, 1864)
Mustered out as colonel, USV (January 21, 1865)
CMThruston.jpg
Thruston, Charles Mynn Brigadier general, USV
(September 7, 1861)
USMA, 1814
Resigned April 17, 1862
Tibbits, William B. Brigadier general, USV
(October 18, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Tillson, Davis Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
USMA (class of 1853); left due to amputation of leg, 1851
JBSTodd.jpg
Todd, John Blair Smith Brigadier general, USV
(September 19, 1861)
USMA, 1837
Appointment as brigadier general, USV expired June 17, 1862
Congressional Delegate to Congress for the Dakota Territory (1861–1863, 1864–1865)
Cousin of Mary Todd Lincoln
A T A Torbert.jpg
Torbert, Alfred Thomas Archimedes Captain, USA
(September 25, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1855
Also nominated and confirmed as first lieutenant, CSA (March 18, 1861); refused appointment
Joseph Gilbert Totten.jpg
Totten, Joseph Gilbert Brigadier general, USA
(March 3, 1863)
Major general, USA
(1864)
USMA, 1805 (tenth graduate of West Point)
Chief of Engineers (1838–1864)
Died of pneumonia (April 22, 1864)
ZBTower.jpg
Tower, Zealous Bates Lieutenant colonel, USA
(November, 1865)
Brigadier general, USV
(November 23, 1861)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1841
Superintendent, USMA (July, 1864-September, 1864)
Tremain, Henry Edwin Major, USV Brigadier general, USV
(November 30, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Resaca (May 15, 1864)
Turchin.jpg
Turchin, John Basil
(b. Turchaninov, Ivan Vasilovitch)
Brigadier general, USV
(July 17, 1862)
Resigned October 4, 1864
Only general officer on either side from Russia
Turner, John Wesley Colonel, USA
Brigadier general, USV
(September 7, 1863)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(1864)
USMA, 1855
James M Tuttle.jpg
Tuttle, James Madison Brigadier general, USV
(June 9, 1862)
Resigned June 14, 1864
General Daniel Tyler USA.jpg
Tyler, Daniel Brigadier general, USV
(March 13, 1862)
Resigned April 6, 1864
Uncle of Robert Ogden Tyler
Gen-ebtyler.jpg
Tyler, Erastus B. Brigadier general, USV
(May 14, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Robert O Tyler.jpg
Tyler, Robert Ogden Major, USA
Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USV
(1864)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1853
Nephew of Daniel Tyler
Hector Tyndale by JE McClees.png
Tyndale, Hector
(b. Tyndale, George Hector)
Brigadier general, USV
(April 9, 1863)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned August 26, 1864

U

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
General Daniel Ullman.jpg
Ullmann, Daniel Brigadier general, USV
(January 13, 1863)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Adin Ballou Underwood.jpg
Underwood, Adin Ballou Brigadier general, USV
(November 6, 1863)
Major general, USV
(August, 1865)
EmoryUpton.jpg
Upton, Emory Captain, USA
Brigadier general, USV
(May 12, 1864)
Major general, USA
Major general, USV
USMA, 1861
Superintendent, USMA (1870–1875)
One of only two general officers ever promoted on the field by General Grant

V

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Gen. James H. Van Allen - NARA - 528495.jpg
Van Alen, James Henry Brigadier general, USV
(April 15, 1862)
Resigned July 14, 1863
HoratioPVanCleve.jpg
Van Cleve, Horatio Phillips Brigadier general, USV
(March 21, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1831
Ferdinand Van Derveer.jpg
Van Derveer, Ferdinand Brigadier general, USV
(October 4, 1864)
Resigned June 7, 1865
Stewart Van Vliet - Brady-Handy.jpg
Van Vliet, Stewart Major, USA
(August, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Brigadier general, USA
(October, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1840
Earlier appointment as brigadier general, USV (September 23, 1861) expired July 17, 1862
VAN WYCK, Charles Henry.jpg
Van Wyck, Charles H. Brigadier general, USV
(September 27, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from New York (1859–1863, 1867–1871)
U.S. Senator from Nebraska (1881–1887)
William Vandever - Brady-Handy.jpg
Vandever, William Brigadier General
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USV
(June, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Iowa (1859–1861)
U.S. Congressman from California (1887–1891)
James C. Veatch, c. 1862.jpg
Veatch, James C. Brigadier general, USV
(April 28, 1862)
Major general, USV
(1865)
Viele1v.jpg
Viele, Egbert Ludovicus Brigadier general, USV
(August 17, 1861)
USMA, 1847
Resigned October 23., 1863
U.S. Congressman from New York (1885–1887)
Strong Vincent.jpg
Vincent, Strong Brigadier general, USV
(July 3, 1863)
DOW, Battle of Gettysburg (July 2, 1863, d. July 7, 1863)
Vinton, Francis Laurens Captain, USA
(October, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(March 13, 1863)
USMA, 1856
Earlier appointment as brigadier general, USV (September 19, 1862) expired March 4, 1863
Resigned May 5, 1863
Israel Vogdes.jpg
Vogdes, Israel Colonel, USA
(1863)
Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Brigadier general, USA USMA, 1837
Adolph von Steinwehr.JPG
Von Steinwehr, Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich, Baron Brigadier general, USV
(October 12, 1861)
Resigned July 3, 1865

W

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Wade, Melancthon Smith Brigadier general, USV
(October 1, 1861)
Resigned March 18, 1862
JSWadsworthBGenleft.JPG
Wadsworth, James Samuel Brigadier general, USV
(August 9, 1861)
Major general, USV
(May 6, 1864)
Full promotion to Major general, USV (May 5, 1864) posthumously revoked & substituted with brevet
DOW, Battle of the Wilderness (w. May 6, 1864, d. May 8, 1864)
GeorgeDWagner.jpg
Wagner, George Day Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Relieved of duty at his own request, December 4, 1864
Mustered out August 24, 1865
C C Walcutt BGen ACW.jpg
Walcutt, Charles C. Brigadier general, USV
(June 30, 1864)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Lew Wallace - Brady-Handy.jpg
Wallace, Lewis "Lew" Major general, USV
(March 21, 1862)
Commissioner on Lincoln assassination trial
Territorial Governor of New Mexico (1878–1881)
U.S. minister to the Ottoman Empire (1881–1885)
WHL Wallace.jpg
Wallace, William Harvey Lamme Brigadier general, USV
(March 21, 1862)
DOW, Battle of Shiloh (w. April 7, 1862, d. April 10, 1862)
George Hull Ward 1861.jpg
Ward, George Hull Colonel, USV Brigadier general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
DOW, Battle of Gettysburg (w. July 2, 1863, d. July 3, 1863)
JHHWard-ACWstanding.jpg
Ward, John Henry Hobart Brigadier general, USV
(October 4, 1862)
Relieved May 12, 1864
Mustered out June 18, 1864
William T. Ward cropped.jpg
Ward, William Thomas Brigadier general, USV
(September 18, 1861)
Major general, USV
(February 24, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Kentucky (1851–1853)
Warner, James Meech Captain, USA
(October 8, 1864)
Brigadier general, USV
(May 8, 1865)
Brigadier general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1860
General Fitz Henry Warren - History of Iowa.jpg
Warren, Fitz Henry Brigadier general, USV
(July 16, 1862)
Major general, USV
(August 24, 1865)
U.S. minister to Guatemala (1866–1869)
GKWarren.jpg
Warren, Gouverneur Kemble Major, USA
Major general, USV
(May 3, 1863)
USMA, 1850
Resigned volunteer commission May 27, 1865
Cadwallader Colden Washburn.jpg
Washburn, Cadwallader Colden Major general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
U.S. Congressman from Wisconsin (1855–1861, 1867–1871)
Governor of Wisconsin (1871–1873)
Brother of Illinois Congressman Elihu Benjamin Washburne
Washburn, Francis Colonel, USV Brigadier general, USV
(April 6, 1865)
DOW, Battle of High Bridge (w. April 6, 1865, d. April 22, 1865)
Gen. Louis D. Watkins - NARA - 528539.jpg
Watkins, Louis Douglass Captain, USA
(July, 1862)
Brigadier general, USV
(September 25, 1865)
Son-in-law of Lovell Harrison Rousseau
Alexander S. Webb.jpg
Webb, Alexander Stewart Brigadier general, USV
(June 23, 1863)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(August 1, 1864)
MOH, Battle of Gettysburg (July 3, 1864)
USMA, 1855
Weber, Max
(aka Von Weber, Max)
Brigadier general, USV
(April 28, 1862)
Resigned May 13, 1865
Joseph Dana Webster, seated three-quarter view, facing left.jpg
Webster, Joseph Dana Major, USA
(July 1, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Stephen Hinsdale Weed 1863 CDV.jpg
Weed, Stephen Hinsdale Captain, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(June 6, 1863)
USMA, 1854
KIA, Battle of Gettysburg (July 2, 1863)
Godfrey Weitzel - Brady-Handy.jpg
Weitzel, Godfrey Captain, USA
Major general, USV
(November 17, 1864)
USMA, 1855
Wells, George Duncan Colonel, USV Brigadier general, USV
(October 12, 1864)
DOW, Battle of Cedar Creek (w. October 12, 1864, d. October 13, 1864)
William Wells (Vermont).jpg
Wells, William Brigadier general, USV
(May 19, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
ColThosWelsh.jpg
Welsh, Thomas Brigadier general, USV
(March 13, 1863)
Original appointment as brigadier general, USV (November 29, 1862) expired March 4, 1863
Died of malaria, August 14, 1863
HenryWWessellsStandingPortrait.jpg
Wessells, Henry Walton Colonel, USA
(1865)
Brigadier general, USV
(April 25, 1862)
Brigadier general, USA USMA, 1833
Joseph R. West - cwpbh 03614.jpg
West, Joseph Rodman Brigadier general, USV
(October 25, 1862)
Major general, USV
(January 4, 1866)
U.S. Senator from Louisiana (1871–1877)
FrankWheaton.jpg
Wheaton, Frank First Lieutenant, USA
(1855)
Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USA
Major general, USV
Son-in-law of Adjutant General Samuel Cooper, CSA
Amiel Weeks Whipple.jpg
Whipple, Amiel Weeks Major general, USV
(May 3, 1863)
Major general, USA
(May 7, 1863)
USMA, 1841
DOW, Battle of Chancellorsville (w. May 4, 1863, d. May 7, 1863)
Whipple, William Denison Colonel, USA
Brigadier general, USV
(July 17, 1863)
Major general, USA USMA, 1851
WCWhitakerACWseatedclose.jpg
Whitaker, Walter Chiles Brigadier general, USV
(June 25, 1863)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Brig General Julius White.jpg
White, Julius Brigadier general, USV
(June 9, 1862)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned November 19, 1864
Brig General Edward A. Wild.png
Wild, Edward Augustus Brigadier general, USV
(April 24, 1863)
Orlando B. Willcox - Brady-Handy.jpg
Willcox, Orlando Bolivar Brigadier general, USV
(July 21, 1861)
Major general, USA
Major general, USV
MOH First Battle of Bull Run (July 21, 1861)
USMA, 1847
Alpheus S. Williams.jpg
Williams, Alpheus Starkey Brigadier general, USV
(May 17, 1861)
Major general, USV
(January 12, 1866)
U.S. Congressman from Michigan (1875–1879)
Williams, David Henry Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Appointment expired March 4, 1863
Williams, Nelson Grosvenor Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
USMA (class of 1843), withdrew July, 1840
Resigned November 27, 1862
Appointment expired March 9, 1863
General Seth Williams-01.jpg
Williams, Seth Lieutenant colonel, USA
(July 7, 1862)
Brigadier general, USV
(September 23, 1861)
Brigadier general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1842
General Thomas Williams.tif Williams, Thomas Major, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(September 28, 1861)
USMA, 1837
KIA, Battle of Baton Rouge (August 5, 1862)
James Alexander Williamson.jpg
Williamson, James Alexander Brigadier general, USV
(January 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Chickasaw Bayou (December 29, 1862)
August Willich.jpg
Willich, August
(b. Von Willich, August)
Brigadier general, USV
(July 17, 1862)
Major general, USV
(October 21, 1865)
James Wilson (soldier).jpg
Wilson, James Harrison First Lieutenant, USA
(1861)
Major general, USV
(May 6, 1865)
Major general, USA USMA, 1860
Winthrop, Frederick Colonel, USV Major general, USV
(April 1, 1865)
KIA, Battle of Five Forks (April 1, 1865)
I J Wistar BGEN UA ACW.JPG
Wistar, Isaac Jones Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Resigned September 15, 1864
Thomas J Wood.jpg
Wood, Thomas John Colonel, USA
(1861)
Major general, USV
(January 27, 1865)
USMA, 1845
DanielPhineasWoodbury.jpg
Woodbury, Daniel Phineas Lieutenant colonel, USA
(1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(March 19, 1862)
Major general, USA (August 15, 1864) USMA, 1836
Died of yellow fever (August 15, 1864)
CRWoodsBrigGen.jpg
Woods, Charles Robert Captain
(April 1, 1861)
Brigadier general, USV
(August 4, 1863)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major general, USV
(November 22, 1864)
USMA, 1852
Brother of William Burnham Woods
Brother-in-law of Willard Warner
William Burnham Woods.jpg
Woods, William Burnham Brigadier general, USV
(May 31, 1865)
Major general, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court (1880–1887)
Brother of Charles Robert Woods
Brother-in-law of Willard Warner
John E. Wool.jpg
Wool, John Ellis Major general, USA
(May 16, 1862)
Retired August 1, 1863
Oldest Civil War general in active service (b. February 29, 1784)
George Wright (Army General).jpg
Wright, George Colonel, USA
(1855)
Brigadier general, USV
(September 28, 1861)
USMA, 1822
Died in the wreck of the steamer Brother Jonathan (June 30, 1865)
HGWright.jpg
Wright, Horatio Gouverneur Major, USA
(August, 1861)
Major general, USV
(May 12, 1864)
Major general, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1841
Original appointment as major general, USV (July 18, 1862) expired March 4, 1863

Y

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes

Z

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
GenSamKZook.jpg
Zook, Samuel Kosciuszko Brigadier general, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major general, USV
(July 3, 1863)
DOW, Battle of Gettysburg (July 2, 1863, d. July 3, 1863)

See also

References

  1. ^ Hunt, Roger D. and Brown, Jack R., Brevet Brigadier Generals in Blue. Olde Soldier Books, Inc.,, Gaithersburg, MD, 1990. ISBN 1-56013-002-4
  2. ^ a b Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher. Civil War High Commands. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3. p. 596.
This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 04:31
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