To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Lioré et Olivier LeO H-190

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

H-190
Loire et Olivier LeO 194 left front photo NACA Aircraft Circular No.39.jpg
H-194
Role Amphibian airliner
National origin France
Manufacturer Lioré et Olivier
First flight 1926
Number built 45

The Lioré et Olivier H-190 was a flying boat airliner produced in France in the late 1920s.[1] Conventional for its day, it was a single-bay biplane with un-staggered wings, its single engine mounted tractor-fashion underneath the upper wing and supported on struts in the interplane gap. Early examples had the pilot's open cockpit located aft of the wing, but this was later relocated forward of the wing.[1]

Developed as a passenger transport, versions of the H-190 were also built as catapult-ready mail planes intended to be launched from transatlantic liners, and as coastal patrol aircraft.[1]

The sole LeO H-194 was flown by Marc Bernard together with a CAMS 37 flown by René Guilbaud in a long-distance expeditionary flight across Africa in late 1926. They covered 28,000 km (17,000 mi) in three months, covering Morocco, Mali, Nigeria, Belgian Congo, Mozambique and Madagascar.[1]

Variants

H-190T
("Transport") - airliner powered by a 310 kW (420 hp) Gnome-Rhône 9Ab Jupiter engine; (5 built).[2]
H-191
trainer powered by a 340 kW (450 hp) Lorraine 12Eb; (1 built).[3]
H-192
airliner similar to H-190T, but with cockpit in new position, powered by a 310 kW (420 hp) Gnome-Rhône 9Ab Jupiter; (2 built).[4]
H-193
similar to H-192, but with reinforced wing, powered by a 310 kW (420 hp) Gnome & Rhône 9Ady; (5 built).[5]
H-193S
(S - "Surveillance") - maritime patrol version of H-193, powered by a 310 kW (420 hp) Gnome-Rhône 9Ad Jupiter; (15 built).[6]
H-193HS
H-193S with a 370 kW (500 hp) Hispano-Suiza 12Mb engine; (1 converted).[7]
H-194
version for long-distance flight, powered by a 310 kW (420 hp) Gnome-Rhône 9Ab Jupiter; (1 built).[8]
H-195
H-196
similar to H-193, powered by a 310 kW (420 hp) Gnome-Rhône 9Ab Jupiter; (1 built).[9]
H-197S
(Sanitaire) - air ambulance version of H-193, powered by a 310 kW (420 hp) Gnome-Rhône 9Adz Jupiter; (1 built).[10]
H-198
catapult-capable mailplane, powered by a 310 kW (420 hp) Gnome-Rhône 9Af Jupiter; (9 built).[11]
H-198/2
catapult-capable airliner with a 370 kW (500 hp) Renault 12Ja engine; (3 built).[12]
H-199/1
twin-engine version, with second engine mounted in pusher-fashion in tandem with the first: examples with 2x 170 kW (230 hp) Hispano-Suiza 6Mbr; (1 built).[13]
H-199/2
twin-engine version, with second engine mounted in pusher-fashion in tandem with the first: 2x 260 kW (350 hp) Gnome-Rhône 7Kb engines; (1 built).[14]

Operators

 France

Specifications (H-193S)

Loire et Olivier H-194 3-view drawing from NACA Aircraft Circular No.39
Loire et Olivier H-194 3-view drawing from NACA Aircraft Circular No.39

Data from Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1928[15]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 6/7 (minimum 3)
  • Length: 12.5 m (41 ft 0 in)
  • Wingspan: 16.3 m (53 ft 6 in)
  • Height: 4.17 m (13 ft 8 in)
  • Wing area: 64 m2 (690 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 1,750 kg (3,858 lb)
  • Gross weight: 3,150 kg (6,945 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Gnome et Rhône 9Ad Jupiter 9-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine, 310 kW (420 hp)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed wooden fixed pitch propeller

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 170 km/h (110 mph, 92 kn)
  • Range: 620 km (390 mi, 330 nmi)
  • Wing loading: 49.2 kg/m2 (10.1 lb/sq ft)
  • Power/mass: 0.0606 hp/lb (0.0996 kW/kg)

Armament

  • Guns: 4x 7.7 mm (0.30 in) Lewis machine-guns on twin flexible mounts in front and rear gunner's compartments

References

  1. ^ a b c d Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. p. 580.
  2. ^ Parmentier, Bruno. "Lioré et Olivier LeO H-190T, Amphibie de transport par Aviafrance". Aviafrance (in French). Retrieved 18 February 2018.
  3. ^ Parmentier, Bruno (24 February 1998). "Lioré et Olivier LeO H-191, Amphibie d'entrainement par Aviafrance". Aviafrance (in French). Paris. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
  4. ^ Parmentier, Bruno. "Lioré et Olivier LeO H-192, Amphibie de transport par Aviafrance". Aviafrance (in French). Paris. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
  5. ^ Parmentier, Bruno. "Lioré et Olivier LeO H-193, Amphibie de transport par Aviafrance". Aviafrance (in French). Paris. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
  6. ^ Parmentier, Bruno (1 December 2003). "Lioré et Olivier LeO H-193S, Amphibie de surveillance par Aviafrance". Aviafrance (in French). Paris. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
  7. ^ Parmentier, Bruno. "Lioré et Olivier LeO H-193HS, Amphibie de surveillance par Aviafrance". Aviafrance (in French). Paris. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
  8. ^ Parmentier, Bruno (20 October 1996). "Lioré et Olivier LeO H-194, Hydravion de transport par Aviafrance". Aviafrance (in French). Paris. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
  9. ^ Parmentier, Bruno. "Lioré et Olivier LeO H-196, Amphibie de transport par Aviafrance". Aviafrance (in French). Retrieved 18 February 2018.
  10. ^ Parmentier, Bruno (1 December 2003). "Lioré et Olivier LeO H-197S, Amphibie de transport sanitaire par Aviafrance". Aviafrance (in French). Paris. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
  11. ^ Parmentier, Bruno. "Lioré et Olivier LeO H-198, Amphibie de transport postal par Aviafrance". Aviafrance (in French). Paris. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
  12. ^ Parmentier, Bruno. "Lioré et Olivier LeO H-198/2, Amphibie de transport par Aviafrance". Aviafrance (in French). Paris. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
  13. ^ Parmentier, Bruno. "Lioré et Olivier LeO H-199/1, Hydravion de transport par Aviafrance". Aviafrance (in French). Paris. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
  14. ^ Parmentier, Bruno. "Lioré et Olivier LeO H-199/2, Hydravion de transport par Aviafrance". Aviafrance (in French). Paris. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
  15. ^ Grey, C.G., ed. (1928). Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1928. London: Sampson Low, Marston & company, ltd. pp. 18d–19d.
This page was last edited on 8 May 2019, at 03:22
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.