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Lieutenant Governor of Alberta

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lieutenant Governor of Alberta
Coat of Arms of the Lieutenant-Governor of Alberta.svg
Emblem of the Lieutenant Governor
Standard of the Lieutenant Governor of Alberta.png
Flag of the Lieutenant Governor
Salma Lakhani

since 26 August 2020
SeatEdmonton, Alberta
AppointerGovernor General of Canada on the advice of the Prime Minister
Term lengthAt the Governor General's pleasure
Formation1 September 1905
First holderGeorge H. V. Bulyea[1]
WebsiteLieutenant Governor of Alberta
The swearing-in ceremony of Donald Ethell as Lieutenant Governor of Alberta, 11 May 2010
The swearing-in ceremony of Donald Ethell as Lieutenant Governor of Alberta, 11 May 2010

The lieutenant governor of Alberta (/lɛfˈtɛnənt/) is the viceregal representative in Alberta of the Canadian monarch, Queen Elizabeth II. The lieutenant governor of Alberta is appointed in the same manner as the other provincial viceroys in Canada and is similarly tasked with carrying out most of the monarch's constitutional and ceremonial duties.[2] Salma Lakhani is the current lieutenant governor of Alberta. On August 26, 2020, she was installed as the 19th lieutenant governor of Alberta, becoming the first South Asian and Muslim in Canadian history to hold the role.[3][4]

Role and presence

The lieutenant governor of Alberta is vested with a number of governmental duties and is also expected to undertake various ceremonial roles. The lieutenant governor, him or herself a member and Chancellor of the order,[5] will induct deserving individuals into the Alberta Order of Excellence and, upon installation, automatically becomes a Knight or Dame of Justice and the Vice-Prior in Alberta of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem.[6] The viceroy further presents other provincial honours and decorations, as well as various awards that are named for and presented by the lieutenant governor; these are generally created in partnership with another government or charitable organization and linked specifically to their cause.[7] These honours are presented at official ceremonies, which count amongst hundreds of other engagements the lieutenant governor partakes in each year, either as host or guest of honour; in 2006, the Lieutenant Governor of Alberta undertook 328 engagements and 280 in 2007.[8]

At these events, the lieutenant governor's presence is marked by the lieutenant governor's standard, consisting of a blue field bearing the escutcheon of the Arms of Her Majesty in Right of Alberta surmounted by a crown and surrounded by ten gold maple leaves, symbolizing the ten provinces of Canada. Within Alberta, the lieutenant governor also follows only the sovereign in the province's order of precedence, preceding even other members of the Canadian Royal Family and the Queen's federal representative.


Alberta's first Lieutenant Governor, George H. V. Bulyea (left), at Alberta's Government House with the Lord Strathcona and Mount Royal (centre) and Alexander Cameron Rutherford (right), 7 September 1909
Alberta's first Lieutenant Governor, George H. V. Bulyea (left), at Alberta's Government House with the Lord Strathcona and Mount Royal (centre) and Alexander Cameron Rutherford (right), 7 September 1909
Standard of the Lieutenant Governor of Alberta from circa 1965 to 1981
Standard of the Lieutenant Governor of Alberta from circa 1965 to 1981

The office of lieutenant governor of Alberta came into being in 1905,[9] upon Alberta's entry into Canadian Confederation,[10] and evolved from the earlier position of lieutenant governor of the Northwest Territories. Since that date, 19 lieutenant governors have served the province, amongst whom were notable firsts, such as Norman Kwong—the first Asian-Canadian lieutenant governor of Alberta—and Helen Hunley—the first female lieutenant governor of the province. The shortest mandate by a lieutenant governor of Alberta was Philip Primrose, from 1 October 1936 to his death on 17 March 1937, while the longest was John C. Bowen, from 23 March 1937 to 1 February 1950. In 1956, following his appointment, Lieutenant Governor John J. Bowlen became the first provincial viceroy in Canada to be granted an audience with the Canadian monarch, starting a tradition that continues today for all of Canada's lieutenant governors.[11]

One of the few examples in Canada of a viceroy exercising the royal prerogative against or without ministerial advice came in 1937, when John Bowen denied royal assent to three bills passed through the Legislative Assembly; two of the bills would have put the province's banks under the control of the provincial government, while a third, the Accurate News and Information Act, would have forced newspapers to print Cabinet rebuttals to stories the ministers objected to. All three bills were later declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of Canada and the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, though, in retaliation for this move by Bowen, his premier, William Aberhart, closed the viceregal residence, removed the lieutenant governor's secretary and support offices, and took away his official car.[12][13] Nearly seven decades later, Lois Hole, who served as lieutenant governor from 2000 until her death in 2005, publicly stated that she wished to discuss with her premier, Ralph Klein, the proposed Bill 11, which was meant to allow private health care to compete with the public health care system. From this it was suspected that Hole might reserve royal assent to the bill; however, Hole eventually did allow the bill to pass.[14]


The province's vice-regal no longer has a home provided as their residence during their term.[15]

From 1913 to 1938,[16] the title holder resided at Government House and from 1966 to 2004 at 58 St. George's Crescent in Westmount.[17] The former home is now Alberta Government Conference Centre, and the latter was demolished in 2005.[18]

In the past Government House was the residence of lieutenant governor.[19]
In the past Government House was the residence of lieutenant governor.[19]

Federal expenses

The federal expenses of the lieutenant governor in the exercise of her official duties for fiscal year 2017–2018 were:[20]

  • Travel and accommodation: $21,487
  • Hospitality: $57,104
  • Operational and administrative expenses: $10,119
  • Total: $88,710

See also


  • Munro, Kenneth (2005), The Maple Crown in Alberta: The Office of Lieutenant Governor, Victoria: Trafford, ISBN 1-4120-5317-X


  1. ^ "History of Government House".
  2. ^ Victoria (29 March 1867), Constitution Act, 1867, V.58, Westminster: Queen's Printer, retrieved 15 January 2009
  3. ^ "Salma Lakhani named lieutenant-governor of Alberta, first Muslim in Canadian history to hold role". Calgary Herald.
  4. ^ "Alberta installs Canada's 1st Muslim lieutenant-governor". CBC.
  5. ^ Elizabeth II (1 December 2005), Alberta Order of Excellence Act, 3.1, Calgary: Queen's Printer for Alberta, archived from the original on 11 February 2011, retrieved 21 June 2009
  6. ^ "Canada Wide > About Us > The Order of St. John > The Order of St. John in Canada". St. John Ambulance Canada. Retrieved 2 June 2009.
  7. ^ Office of the Lieutenant Governor of Alberta. "Awards and Events". Queen's Printer for Alberta. Archived from the original on May 24, 2008. Retrieved 28 June 2009.
  8. ^ Berezovsky, Eugene (2009), Staff of Canadian Monarchist News (ed.), $1.52 per Canadian: The Cost of Canada's Constitutional Monarchy (PDF) (4 ed.), Toronto: Monarchist League of Canada, p. 3, archived from the original (PDF) on July 7, 2009, retrieved 15 May 2009
  9. ^ "History of Government House".
  10. ^ Edward VII (20 July 1905), Alberta Act, 10, Westminster: King's Printer, retrieved 16 June 2009
  11. ^ Munro, Kenneth (2005), The Maple Crown in Alberta: The Office of Lieutenant Governor, Victoria: Trafford, ISBN 978-1-4120-5317-4
  12. ^ McWhinney, Edward (2005), The Governor General and the Prime Ministers, Vancouver: Ronsdale Press, pp. 38–39, ISBN 1-55380-031-1
  13. ^ Legislative Assembly of Alberta. "Public Information > Lieutenant Governors > The Honourable John C. Bowen, 1937-50". Queen's Printer for Alberta. Archived from the original on 20 December 2008. Retrieved 29 June 2009.
  14. ^ McWhinney 2005, p. 94
  15. ^ "History of Government House".
  16. ^ "History of the building". Retrieved 2018-12-02.
  17. ^[bare URL]
  18. ^[bare URL]
  19. ^ "Alberta's Government House". Retrieved 2018-12-02.
  20. ^ Heritage, Canadian (27 September 2017). "Expenses incurred by the Lieutenant Governors in the exercise of their official duties -". Retrieved 2018-12-02.

External links

Order of precedence
Preceded by Order of precedence in Alberta
as of 2015
Succeeded by
This page was last edited on 30 December 2021, at 13:56
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