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Lieutenant governor

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A lieutenant governor, lieutenant-governor, or vice governor is a high officer of state, whose precise role and rank vary by jurisdiction.

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Transcription

Press the Bell Icon to never miss a video from Testbook.com Hi Guys, welcome to this video, you can press the CC button to watch this video with English Subtitles. Today we will learn about the roles and responsibilities of a governor and a Lieutenant Governor Governors are the nominal heads of the state. They have the same power in the state as the president has in the union Governors and Lieutenant Governors are appointed by the president for a term of 5 years. In India, governors are appointed in states and Lieutenant Governors are appointed in some union territories like Andaman and Nicobar islands, Delhi and Puducherry The rest of the union territories have administrators who are either IAS officers or retired judges of courts. In this context, there is one exception Punjab governor is the administrator of Chandigarh In a state, the real power is vested in the Chief Minister and his council of ministers but the governor has his own powers Let's have a look at the powers of a governor that make him an important figure Executive powers A governor appoints the Chief Minister of the state He also appoints the Advocate General of the state The chairman of the state public service commission and the other authorities are also appointed by the Governor Apart from this, the state election commissioner is also appointed by the governor Before appointing the judges of the high court, the president consults with the Governor of that state But the District court judges are appointed by the Governor only Legislative Powers: Let's have a look at the legislative powers of a governor Every year after the assembly elections are held, the governor inaugurates the state legislature and also addresses it The meeting of both the houses of the state, vidhan sabha and vidhan parishad is called by the governor When needed, the governor can also dissolve the vidhan sabha but this decision needs to be backed by the council of ministers of the state Financial Powers: Yes, you heard it right, the governor has some financial powers too In the state legislature, no money bill can originate without the permission of the Governor And every year the governor presents the budget in front of the state legislature The tax and expenditure proposals also cannot be made without the permission of the governor Discretionary powers: In some conditions, the governor can use his discretionary powers too When a party does not get a clear majority in the elections, the governor has the authority to appoint the chief minister and ask him to gain a majority. He also presents the activities of his state to the president when the president demands for it. now we come to an important conclusion You got it right, the emergency conditions Under article 353, a governor can refuse to accept suggestions from the council of ministers in case of an emergency if the president agrees to it. So guys, this was information about the Governors and lieutenant governors of india, their role and their responsibilities If you liked our video please do comment in the comments section and don't forget to press the bell icon and subscribe to our channel A huge thanks for watching this video We will meet again with another interesting and informative video.

Contents

Description

In many Commonwealth of Nations states, a lieutenant governor is the representative of the monarch and acts as the nominal chief executive officer of the realm, although by convention the lieutenant governor delegates actual executive power to the premier of a province. The Dutch political system also includes and has included lieutenant governors, who act as executors of overseas possessions. In India, lieutenant governors are in charge of special administrative divisions in that country.[2]

In the United States, lieutenant governors are usually second-in-command to a state governor, and the actual power held by the lieutenant governor varies greatly from state to state. The lieutenant governor is often first in line of succession to the governorship, and acts as governor when the governor leaves the state or is unable to serve. Also, the Lt. Governor is often the president of the state senate.

Lieutenant governors in the former British Empire

Lieutenant governors in the Kingdom of the Netherlands

Lieutenant governors (Dutch: gezaghebber) of the former Dutch constituent country of Netherlands Antilles acted as head of the governing council of the island territories, which formed a level of decentral government until the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles in 2010. Currently the Netherlands has a lieutenant governor overseeing each of the three special municipalities in the Caribbean NetherlandsSaba, Bonaire, and Sint Eustatius – where their function is similar to a mayor in the European Netherlands.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Mevrouw Evelina Anthony benoemd tot waarnemend gezaghebber Bonaire" [Ms Evelina Anthony appointed acting Lieutenant of Bonaire]. Rijksdienst Caribisch Nederland. Kralendijk, Bonaire, Caribbean Netherlands: Government Service of the Caribbean Netherlands. 30 November 2015. Archived from the original on 6 February 2017.
  2. ^ "lieutenant governor". dictionary.cambridge.org. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  3. ^ "Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles (1781–1826) – The History of Java; volume 1". www.royalcollection.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-11-15.
  4. ^ "Sir Stamford Raffles | British colonial agent". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-11-15.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Governor". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

This page was last edited on 18 October 2019, at 22:19
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