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Libyan resistance movement

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Libyan resistance movement (1911-1943)
Date1911-43
Location
Result
Belligerents

 Kingdom of Italy

Libya
 British Empire (from 1942)
 France (from 1942)
Commanders and leaders
Kingdom of Italy Rodolfo Graziani Emir Idris of Cyrenaica
Omar Mukhtar Executed
Strength
~856,000 soldiers Thousands
Casualties and losses
Unknown

40,000[1]-70,000 dead[2] (battles, deportation, starvation etc.).

250,000-300,000 total loss (migration of indigenous) [3]
Part of a series on the
History of Libya
The emblem on the passport of Libya.svg
Prehistory
Ancient history pre-146 BC
Roman era to 640 AD
Islamic rule 640–1510
Spanish rule 1510–1530
Order of Saint John 1530–1551
Ottoman Tripolitania 1551–1911
Italian colonization 1911–1934
Italian Libya 1934–1947
Allied occupation 1947–1951
Kingdom of Libya 1951–1969
Libya under Muammar Gaddafi 1969–2011
First Civil War 2011
National Transitional Council 2011–2012
General National Congress 2012–2014
House of Representatives 2014–present
Second Civil War 2014–present
Government of National Accord 2016–present
Flag of Libya.svg
Libya portal

The Libyan resistance movement was the rebel force opposing the Italian Empire during its Pacification of Libya between 1923 and 1932.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ Libya - Green Resistance - in the desert - 19th January 2012 / Libyen - Gruener Wiederstand!

Transcription

Contents

History

Second Italo-Libyan War (1923–1932)

The Libyan resistance was initially led by Omar Mukhtar (Arabic عمر المختار ‘Umar Al-Mukhtār, 1862–1931), who was from the tribe of Mnifa.

Later King Idris and his Senussi tribe in the provinces of Cyrenaica and Tripolitania started to become opposed to the Italian colonization after 1929, when Italy changed its political promises of moderate "protectorate" to the Senussi (done in 1911) and—because of Benito Mussolini—started to take complete colonial control of Libya.

Resistance was totally crushed by General Rodolfo Graziani in the 1930s and the country was again controlled by the Italians with the help of Arab fascists, to the point that many Libyan colonial troops fought on the side of Italy between 1940 and 1943: two divisions of Libyan colonial troops were created in the late 1930s and 30,000 native Libyans fought for Italy during World War II.

See also

References

  1. ^ Mohamed Fekini and the Fight to Free Libya - Angelo Del Boca,Antony Shugaar [1]
  2. ^ A Historical Companion to Postcolonial Literatures - Prem Poddar,Rajeev Shridhar Patke,Lars Jensen [2]
  3. ^ John L. Wright, Libya, a Modern History, Johns Hopkins University Press, p. 42.

External links

This page was last edited on 26 March 2019, at 02:00
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