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Liberty Union Party

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Liberty Union Party (LUP) of Vermont is a democratic socialist political party founded in 1970 by former Congressman William H. Meyer, Peter Diamondstone, Dennis Morrisseau and others.[5][6]

The Party has had several successes in local elections in Vermont and is the fourth largest in the state after the Democratic, Republican, and Progressive parties.

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  • ✪ The Inconvenient Truth About the Republican Party
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Transcription

Racist. Sexist. Republican. These words are virtually interchangeable—at least, according to most professors, journalists, and celebrities. So, are they right? Let’s take a look at history. The Republican Party was created in 1854. The first Republican Party platform, adopted at the party’s first national convention in 1856, promised to defeat, quote, “those twin relics of barbarism: polygamy and slavery.” Those “twin relics” were spreading into the western territories. Republicans feared that as those territories became states, polygamy and slavery might become permanent parts of American life. Polygamy—the marriage of one man to multiple women—devalued women and made them a kind of property. Slavery, of course, did the same to blacks. Literally. The Democrats were so opposed to the Republicans and their anti-slavery stance that in 1860, just six weeks after the election of the first Republican president, Abraham Lincoln, South Carolina, a state dominated by Democrats, voted to secede from the union. The Civil War that followed was the bloodiest war in US history. It led to the passage, by Republicans, of the 13th Amendment, which freed the slaves; the 14th Amendment, which gave them citizenship; and the 15th Amendment; which gave them the vote. In 1870, the first black senator and the first black congressman were sworn in—both Republicans. In fact, every black representative in the House until 1935 was a Republican. And every black senator until 1979 was, too. For that matter, the first female member of Congress was a Republican; the first Hispanic governor and senator were Republicans. The first Asian senator? You get the idea. Republicans also kept their pledge to defend women’s rights. In 1862, the Morrill Anti-Bigamy Act was passed by the Republican-controlled Congress to put an end to polygamy. In 1920, after 52 years of Democratic Party opposition, the 19th Amendment was ratified thanks to the Republican Congress, which pressured Democratic President Woodrow Wilson to drop his opposition to women’s rights. In the final tally, only 59 percent of House Democrats and 41 percent of Senate Democrats supported women’s suffrage. That’s compared to 91 percent of House Republicans and 82 percent of Senate Republicans. There certainly was a “war on women”—and it was led by the Democratic Party. But while Republicans had won a major battle for women’s rights, the fight for blacks’ civil rights had a long way to go. In the 1920s, Republican President Calvin Coolidge declared that the rights of blacks are “just as sacred as those of any other citizen.” By contrast, when famed sprinter Jesse Owens, a staunch Republican, won four gold medals at the 1936 Berlin Olympics, he was snubbed by Democratic President Franklin Roosevelt. Roosevelt only invited white Olympians to the White House. Two decades later, it was a Republican President, Dwight Eisenhower, who sent the 101st Airborne Division to escort black students into Little Rock’s Central High when Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus—a Democrat—refused to honor a court order to integrate the state’s public schools. The Civil Rights Act of 1960, which outlawed poll taxes and other racist measures meant to keep blacks from voting, was filibustered by 18 Democrats for 125 hours. Not one Republican senator opposed the bill. Its follow-up bill, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, is one of the landmark pieces of legislation in American history. That, too, survived a filibuster by Democrats thanks to overwhelming Republican support. But, you might be thinking, all that’s in the past. What have Republicans done for women and blacks lately? The answer you’d hear from professors, journalists and celebrities is... “not much.” And this time, they’d be right. They’d be right because the Republican Party treats blacks and women as it treats everyone: as equals. The Democratic Party never has, and it still doesn’t. Today’s Democrats treat blacks and women as victims who aren’t capable of succeeding on their own. The truth is, this is just a new kind of contempt. So, there is a party with a long history of racism and sexism...but it ain't the Republicans. I’m Carol Swain, for Prager University.

Contents

History

The Liberty Union party (LUP) was formed to contest the Vermont elections of 1970.[7] In 1971, People's Party was formed as a national umbrella party for various Socialist-oriented state parties including the LUP.[8]

Bernie Sanders, who would go on to become the longest-serving Independent Senator and a 2016 and 2020 Democratic Presidential Candidate, joined Liberty Union in 1971. Sanders was a candidate for several offices on their ticket before deciding to run as an independent. At the first Party meeting he attended, in 1971, Sanders was nominated to be the Party's Senate candidate in the January 1972 special election; he placed third with 2% of the vote.[9] Sanders was the party's candidate for Vermont governor in 1976 where he received 6.1% of the vote, still the best result for any LUP candidate for governor. At the time of his resignation from the party in October 1977, he was party chairman. Sanders quit due to the inactivity of the party between elections.[10]

In 1976, the party's Vermont lieutenant governor candidate John Franco took enough votes to force the election to the Vermont General Assembly's House. The party also lost the outspoken members, Nancy Kaufman and Marth Abbott before the 1978 election cycle.[7] Despite Liberty Union co-founder, Peter Diamondstone, appearing biennially on the ballot from 1970 through 2016, none of the party's candidates were elected during that period.[11]

In local Vermont town elections in 2009 a Liberty Union and Vermont Progressive Party endorsed candidate, David Van Deusen, won a contested race for a seat on the Moretown Select Board. Van Deusen, at the time a District Vice President of the Vermont AFL-CIO active within US Labor Against The War,[12] and cofounder of the Green Mountain Anarchist Collective, also received the backing of organized labor. This victory represented an electoral high water mark for the Liberty Union Party (previous Liberty Union wins included a Representational Town Meeting Delegate in Brattleboro, and a single Justice of the Peace position some decades earlier). In 2010 Van Deusen again ran and again won a contested seat on the Moretown Select Board.[13] Again he was endorsed by the Liberty Union, the Progressives, the Socialist Party USA, and organized labor. In this election Van Deusen was the top vote-getter among four Select Board candidates (three candidates, including Van Deusen running for two one year seats, and one candidate running as a write-in for one open three-year seat).[14] In 2011 Van Deusen did not seek re-election to the Select Board. In this election he ran for First Constable of Moretown (a position he held in 2007). While Van Deusen won the election, he did not seek the endorsement of the Liberty Union Party. This time he had the endorsement of the local Progressive Party alone. During Van Deusen's two terms on the Moretown Select Board, he was able to win "livable wages" for all non-elected town employees, doubled property tax relief for disabled military veterans (through a Town Meeting article), successfully advocated for the use of the Town Hall for a free weekly children's play group, made strides in opening up the local democratic process to all town residents, and publicly supported a Vermont run single-payer healthcare system.[15][16]

In 2012, the party once again re-qualified for major party status as a result of a 13.1% showing for Liberty Union candidate Mary Alice Herbert in the election for Vermont Secretary of State against Democrat Jim Condos.[17]

In 2014, the party re-qualified for major party status yet again as a result of a 10.32% showing for Liberty Union candidate Mary Alice Herbert in the election for Vermont Secretary of State. In the race for Treasurer Murray Ngoima received 8.3% of the vote. For Attorney General the LU candidate, Rosemary Jackowski, received 3.94% of the vote. In VT State Senate races, Ben Bosley won 13.91% of the vote for Grand Isle district. In the Windham County Senate contest, Jerry Levy & Aaron Diamondstone won on 5% & 4.63% of the ballots.[citation needed]

In the 2016 Vermont gubernatorial election, former Red Sox pitcher Bill "Spaceman" Lee ran as the Liberty Union’s candidate for Governor. Lee supported single payer healthcare and ran far to the left of the Democratic Party while at the same time remaining an advocate for the right of Vermonters to own firearms.[18] Lee received 2.78% of the vote, which was the highest vote for a LUP candidate for governor since 1978.

In other 2016 races, Murray Ngoima received 3.89% of the vote for Treasurer, Mary Alice Herbert 9.72% for Secretary of State, Marina Brown 4.71% for Auditor and Rosemarie Jackowski 3.70% for Attorney General. For US Congress, Erica Clawson received 9.18% of the vote. Liberty Union Party co-founder, Peter Diamondstone received 1.01% of the vote for US Senate.

Presidential nominee

Over the years, it has selected various Presidential candidates from several national leftist political parties. For the 1971 and 1976 elections, the LUP was a member of the national People's Party, thus the People's presidential candidates were the LUP's.[8] In 1980, 1988, 1996, and 2000 it endorsed the Socialist Party USA's candidates. Mary Alice Herbert, the party's 2006 candidate for Lieutenant Governor, was the Vice Presidential candidate of the Socialist Party USA in 2004. However, due to conflicts with her running mate, Walt Brown, the LUP gave its ballot line to Workers World Party candidates John Parker and Teresa Gutierrez.[citation needed] In 2008, the Socialist Party's presidential candidate, Brian Moore, was the only candidate to collect the 1,000 signatures required to participate in the Liberty Union Party's presidential primary. The primary election is binding, so Moore and his running mate Stewart Alexander were the Liberty Union nominees in the November general election.[19][20]

Year Presidential nominee Party Votes
1972 Benjamin Spock People's Party[21][22] 1,010 (0.54%)
1976 Margaret Wright People's Party[8] No ballot access
1980 David McReynolds Socialist Party 136 (0.06%)
1984 Dennis Serrette New Alliance Party 323 (0.14%)
1988 Willa Kenoyer Socialist Party 142 (0.06%)
1992 Lenora Fulani New Alliance Party 429 (0.15%)
1996 Mary Cal Hollis Socialist Party 292 (0.11%)
2000 David McReynolds Socialist Party 161 (0.05%)
2004 John Parker Workers World Party 265 (0.08%)
2008 Brian Moore Socialist Party 141 (0.05%)
2012 Stewart Alexander Socialist Party No ballot access
2016 Gloria La Riva Party for Socialism and Liberation 327 (0.10%)

See also

References

  1. ^ "Liberty Union Party - Platform". libertyunionparty.org. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Respectable Showing for Liberty Union Socialists in 2014 Vermont Election". libertyunionparty.org. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  3. ^ Will Bernie Sanders Win By Losing? - WBUR
  4. ^ "Liberty Union Party Sticks to Its Ideals — and Keeps Losing". Seven Days. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  5. ^ "L.U.P. History," The Official Website Of The Liberty Union Party - Vermont
  6. ^ Herszenhorn, David M. "The Nation; To Vermont's Voters, What's Out Is In," New York Times, March 12, 1995
  7. ^ a b Siegel, Lou. "Vermont's Third Party: No Longer Just a Fan Club". Vanguard Press. Retrieved March 1, 2016 – via Seven Days.
  8. ^ a b c "New Look at White House Vowed". Toledo Blade. AP. 1976-08-08. p. A-3. Retrieved 2010-10-17. The Socialist-oriented People's party was founded in 1971 and is an umbrella name for such groups as ... Vermont Liberty Union.
  9. ^ Sanders, Bernie (1998-09-17). Outsider in the House: A Political Autobiography. Verso. pp. 12-21 et seq. ISBN 9781859841778.
  10. ^ "Liberty Union Party Chief in Vermont Quits Position". Nashua Telegraph. AP. October 12, 1977. Retrieved March 1, 2016.
  11. ^ O’Connor, Kevin (September 1, 2017). "Longtime Vermont Political Figure Peter Diamondstone Dies". The Valley News. Retrieved 2019-03-25.
  12. ^ "Vermont AFL-CIO Calls on Workers to Support West Coast Work Stoppage Against War". Vermont AFL-CIO. April 16, 2008.
  13. ^ "VALLEY REPORTER QUESTIONS FOR MORETOWN SELECT BOARD CANDIDATE DAVE VAN DEUSEN". Valley Reporter. February 12, 2010.
  14. ^ "Vermont Liberty Union/Progressives Win in Moretown". Independent Political Report. March 3, 2010.
  15. ^ "Vt Towns Consider Boosting Benefits For Disabled Vets". WCAX. March 2, 2010.
  16. ^ "Take The Day Off May 1" (PDF). David Van Deusen. Montpelier Bridge. April 23, 2010.
  17. ^ "Liberty Union regains major party status". VTDigger. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  18. ^ SPACEMAN: Of Roadkill & Governors, 2016. http://news.infoshop.org/sports/interview-bill-spaceman-lee
  19. ^ "Vermont Presidential Primaries", Ballot Access News, 21 January 2008 (accessed 22 January 2008).
  20. ^ "Liberty Union Presidential Primary", Ballot Access News, 20 January 2008 (accessed 22 January 2008).
  21. ^ Bernie Sanders, Outsider in the House, Verso: 1998; pp. 12-21 et seq.
  22. ^ Eric Pace. "Benjamin Spock, World's Pediatrician, Dies at 94", The New York Times, March 17, 1998

External links

This page was last edited on 28 January 2020, at 22:18
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