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Liberal Party (Mexico)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Liberal Party
Partido Liberal
LeadersAntonio López de Santa Anna,
Valentín Gómez Farías,
Jesús González Ortega,
Benito Juárez,
Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada,
Porfirio Díaz
FounderVicente Guerrero
Founded1822 (1822)
Dissolved1884 (1884)
Succeeded byNational Porfirist Party
HeadquartersMexico City
IdeologyClassical liberalism
Republicanism
Secularism
Political positionCentre to Centre-right
Colors  Red

The Liberal Party (Spanish: Partido Liberal, PL), also called Party of Progress[1] (Spanish: Partido del Progreso, PdP), was a Mexican political party founded in the mid 19th century and involving important figures such as José María Luis Mora, Benito Juárez and Porfirio Díaz.

When Mexico achieved its independence in 1821, the Mexican political life was altered by constant struggles between Liberals and Conservatives.[2] The Liberal Party enacted the Federal Constitution of 1857, which along with the Plan of Ayutla (1854) and other liberal reforms polarized Mexican society to lead the Reform War (1857–1861),[3] the Second French Intervention in México (1862–1867) and the Second Mexican Empire (1863–1867).

Liberals

Rulers with liberal ideology who were in power at various stages were:

First Minister of the First Mexican Empire (1822-1823)

  1. José Manuel de Herrera

Presidents of Mexico (1824-1857)

  1. Vicente Guerrero
  2. José María Bocanegra
  3. Pedro Vélez
  4. Melchor Múzquiz
  5. Manuel Gómez Pedraza
  6. Valentín Gómez Farías
  7. Antonio López de Santa Anna
  8. Miguel Barragán
  9. José Joaquín de Herrera
  10. Pedro María de Anaya
  11. Manuel de la Peña y Peña
  12. Mariano Arista
  13. Juan Bautista Ceballos
  14. Juan Álvarez
  15. Ignacio Comonfort

Presidents during the Reform War

  1. Ignacio Comonfort
  2. Benito Juárez

First Minister of the Second Mexican Empire[4]

  1. José María Lacunza

Presidents of the Restored Republic (1867-1884)

  1. Benito Juárez
  2. Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada
  3. José María Iglesias
  4. Porfirio Díaz
  5. Juan Nepomuceno Méndez
  6. Manuel González Flores

References

  1. ^ Garrido, Luis Javier (1995). El partido de la revolución institucionalizada. La formación del nuevo Estado en México (1928-1945). Siglo XXI. ISBN 978-968-231710-1. ISBN 968-23-1710-X.
  2. ^ Vázquez, Josefina Zoraida (1997) Liberales y conservadores en México: diferencias y simulitudes EIAL Vol. 8, No. 1.
  3. ^ Jarquín, María Teresa; Herrejón Peredo, Carlos Breve Historia del Estado de México Biblioteca digital, Instituto Latinoamericano de la Comunicación Educativa (ILCE), Secretaría de Educación Pública (SEP)
  4. ^ Second Mexican Empire not recognized by the liberals


This page was last edited on 25 July 2020, at 20:03
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