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Levi ibn Habib

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Levi ibn Habib (c. 1480 – c. 1545), also known by the acronym HaRaLBaCh, was Chief Rabbi of Jerusalem from 1525 until his death.

Under King Manuel of Portugal, and when about seventeen, he was compelled to submit to baptism, but at the first opportunity fled to Salonica, where he could follow the dictates of his conscience in safety. In 1523 he went to Jerusalem, but in a short time returned to Salonica. In 1525 he settled permanently in Jerusalem, where his learning won him the position of chief rabbi. There he met Jacob Berab, with whom he often came into conflict on questions of rabbinical law. A serious quarrel broke out between these two rabbis when Berab, becoming chief rabbi of Safed, reintroduced the ancient practice of the ordination of rabbis. They carried on a bitter and envenomed controversy for some time, in the course of which Berab referred to Ibn Habib's adoption of Christianity. The latter frankly admitted the fact, but pointed out that at the time he was a mere youth, that his involuntary profession of Christianity lasted hardly a year, and that he took the first opportunity to escape and rejoin the religion of his fathers. This controversy was chiefly responsible for the fact that the practice of ordination ceased again soon after Berab's death.

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Transcription

Writings

He was knowledgeable in mathematics and astronomy. In his youth he edited his father's book Ein Yaakov (Constantinople, 1516; by Jacob ibn Habib). He wrote: She'elot u-Teshubot, a collection of 147 responsa; Kontres ha-Semikah, a treatise on ordination; Perush Kiddush HaChodesh, a commentary on Hilchot Kiddush HaChodesh (rules governing the construction of the Hebrew calendar in Maimonides' code of law). All these works were published together in Venice (1565); the last-named work was also published separately (ib. 1574-76).

References

  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSinger, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Habib, Levi ben Jacob ibn". The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. Its bibliography:
  • David Conforte, Kore ha-Dorot, pp. 32a, 33b, 37a:
  • Heinrich Grätz, Gesch. 3d ed., ix.293-296;
  • Giovanni Bernardo De Rossi, Dizionario, i.84;
  • Hazan, Ha-Ma'alot li-Shelomoh, pp. 53a-54a;
  • Julius Fürst, Bibl. Jud. i.153;
  • Moritz Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl. col. 1606.
Jewish titles
New title Chief Rabbi of Jerusalem
1525–1540
Succeeded by
David ben Solomon ibn Abi Zimra
This page was last edited on 24 December 2019, at 21:36
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