To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Leuci (Gaulish: "the bright ones, the lightning ones") were a Belgic tribe, dwelling in the southern part of the modern Lorraine region during the Roman era.[1]


They are mentioned as Leucos (acc.) by Caesar (mid-1st c. BC),[2] as Leūkoi (Λευ̃κοι) by Strabo (early 1st c. AD),[3] as Leuci by Pliny (1st c. AD),[4] and as Leukoì (Λευκοὶ) by Ptolemy (2nd c. AD).[5][6]

The name Leuci ('the bright ones, the lightning ones') stems from Gaulish leucos ('light, bright'), itself from Proto-Celtic *lowkos ('light, bright'; compare with Middle Irish luach 'glowing white', Middle Welsh llug 'eyesight, perception'), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *leukós ('bright, shining'; compare with Latin lūx 'light', Greek leukós 'white', Tocharian lyūke 'light').[7][8]


Map with the location of Belgica shortly before Roman conquest
Map with the location of Belgica shortly before Roman conquest


The territory of the Leuci extended in the east and the south-east up to the Vosges moutains, between the Marne and Moselle rivers.[1] They were located north-west of the Sequani, and south-west of the Mediomatrici.[1]


During the Roman era, their capital was Tullum (modern Toul).[9][1] Ptolemy (2nd c. AD), who normally gives one capital for each civitas, also lists Nasium (present-day Naix-aux-Forges) as a capital of the Leuci.[10]

Hillforts held by the Leuci included a large oppidum at Boviolles (Ornain valley) west of their territory, and some small ones in the Vosges. The Roman-era successor of Boviolles was more opposing that the capital Tullum, since the Ornain river was important trade route between Champagne and the plateau of Langres, on the territory of the Lingones. Another possible oppidum was located at Geneviève (Essey).[9]


During the Roman era, the Leuci worshipped Apollo (at Graux and Malaincourt), or Apollo Grannus (at Tullum, Nasium, and Grand), centred around a spring and healing cult.[1]


They are mentioned by Julius Caesar as a people supplying wheat to the Roman army in 58 BC, along with the Lingones and Sequani.[11]

See also



  • Delamarre, Xavier (2003). Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise: Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental (in French). Errance. ISBN 9782877723695.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Falileyev, Alexander (2010). Dictionary of Continental Celtic Place-names: A Celtic Companion to the Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. CMCS. ISBN 978-0955718236.
  • Matasović, Ranko (2009). Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Brill. ISBN 9789004173361.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Schön, Franz (2006). "Leuci". Brill's New Pauly.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Wightman, Edith M. (1985). Gallia Belgica. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-05297-0.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

Further reading

  • Burnand, Yves (2008). "Une nouvelle inscription de "Nasium" (Naix-aux-Forges, Meuse) et le droit latin des Leuques". Latomus. 67 (4): 940–948. ISSN 0023-8856. JSTOR 41547639.

External links

This page was last edited on 25 June 2020, at 21:36
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.