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Leonid Nikolaevich Maykov
Леонид Николаевич Майков
Majkov Leonid.jpg
BornApril 9, 1839
DiedApril 20, 1900 (aged 61)
Nationality Russian Empire
OccupationHistorian of Russian literature, bibliographer, ethnographer
AwardsOrdre des Palmes académiques
Order of Saint Anna
Order of Saint Vladimir
Order of Saint Stanislaus
Uvarov Prize
Pushkin Prize

Leonid Nikolaevich Maikov (1839, Saint Petersburg – 1900, Saint Petersburg) was a prominent researcher in the history of Russian literature, a full member of the Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences, president of the Russian Bibliological Society, Privy Councillor; the son of the painter Nikolay Maykov, the younger brother of Apollon, Valerian and Vladimir Maykov.


Maykov was born on April 9, 1839. He studied at the boarding school of Count Suzor and the 2nd Saint Petersburg Gymnasium and in 1860 graduated from the course of Saint Petersburg University as a candidate of the historical and philological faculty and for some time taught at the gymnasium of the Human–Loving Society. In the same year he was enlisted in the Foreign Trade Department of the Ministry of Finance.

In 1863 Maykov defended his thesis for a master's degree in Russian literature titled "On the Epics of the Vladimir Cycle", in which he proposed a historical point of view on the origin of epics: he indicated, in particular, that the epics of the Vladimirov cycle are a reflection of the Kiev specific period. Maykov did not last long in the Ministry of Finance and in 1864 he moved to the Central Statistical Committee and took an active part in its work until 1892, as well as in international statistical congresses. From 1868, Maykov worked as a professor at the Saint Petersburg Archaeological Institute.

In 1882 he was appointed assistant director of the Imperial Public Library. In 1889 he was elected an academician, in 1893 he was appointed vice president of the Academy of Sciences. By virtue of his rank of vice president, he was chairman of the Emperor Nicholas II Foundation to assist writers and scholars.

Maykov became a member of the Russian Geographical Society in 1864. Inn 1871 he headed the ethnographic department, in 1872–1886 he was the chairman of the ethnographic department and edited several of its publications, including five volumes of "Notes on the Ethnography Department". He was also a member of the Archaeographic Commission of the Moscow Archaeological Society from 1876, becoming ruler of affairs in 1892 and chairman in 1899. From 1868–1882 he was an assistant editor of the Journal of the Ministry of Education and from 1882–1890 editor.

Markov also began his literary activities as a student, posting a long series of historical and literary articles and reviews in "Domestic Notes", "Dawn", "Russian Herald", "Ancient and New Russia", "Russian Antiquity", "Russian Archive", "Journal of the Ministry of Public Education", "Historical Bulletin", "Russian Philological Bulletin" and others.

The most important of them are devoted to Simeon Polotsky, Lomonosov, Vasily Maykov, Sumarokov, Krylov, the history of Russian journalism, the ancient Russian story, the history of Russian superstitions and are collected under the title "Essays from the History of Russian Literature of the 17th and 18th Centuries" (Saint Petersburg, 1889, 1893).

Markov separately published "Materials and Research on Ancient Russian Literature" (1890–1891).

In 1889, Maykov edited a compilation of works by Konstantin Batyushkov with the assistance of Vladimir Saitov).

In 1891, he edited and characterized the collection of critical experiences of his brother Valerian.

In his master's thesis, Maykov showed significant scientific independence. In an era of almost undivided domination of the mythological explanation of folk poetry, he put forward a historical point of view on the origin of Russian epics, with is still respected by scholars. In Maykov's opinion, the Russian epic is a true echo of Russian historical life, and, in particular, the epics of the Vladimirov cycle, the Kiev specific period. Many heroes of epics – Dobrynya, Alyosha Popovich, Sadko, Ilya Muromets – the author, comparing the annals, considers them to be truly existing; in household details, he indicates traces of the actual historical life of 10th–13th centuries. Epics arose, in his opinion, among the squads[clarification needed].

Maykov died on April 20, 1900. He was buried in Saint Petersburg at the Novodevichy Cemetery.[1]

Main works

  • Leonid Maykov. Great Russian Spells – Saint Petersburg: Maykov's Printing House, 1869, 164 Pages; 2nd Edition, Revised and Amended – Saint Petersburg: Publishing House of the European House, 1994
  • Leonid Maykov. Batyushkov, His Life and Works. Saint Petersburg: Balashev Printing House, 1887. [10], 360 Pages; 2nd Edition, Again Revised – Saint Petersburg, 1896
  • Leonid Maykov. Konstantin Batyushkov. Works: In 3 Volumes / With an Article on the Life and Works of Konstantin Batyushkov Written by Leonid Maykov and Notes Compiled by him and Vladimir Saitov – Saint Petersburg: Pompey Batyushkov, 1885–1887
  • Leonid Maykov. Essays from the History of Russian Literature of the 17th and 18th Centuries – Saint Petersburg: Alexey Suvorin, 1889, 7
  • Leonid Maykov. Pushkin: Biographical Materials and Historical and Literary Essays – Saint Petersburg: Longin Panteleev, 1899
  • Leonid Maykov. Pushkin. Works / Prepared and Provided with Notes by Leonid Maykov – Saint Petersburg: Printing House of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, 1899. Volume 1: Lyric Poems (1812–1817). 20, 296, 421 Pages; 2nd Edition – Saint Petersburg, 1900
  • Leonid Maykov. Materials for the Academic Publication of the Works of Alexander Pushkin / Collected by Leonid Maykov – Saint Petersburg: Printing House of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, 1902[2]

Magazine articles


  1. ^ Grave on the Plan of the Novodevichy Cemetery (No. 23) // "Division 4". All Petersburg for 1914, Address and Reference Book of the City of Saint Petersburg. Saint Petersburg: Partnership of Alexey Suvorin – "New Time". Editor Alexander Shashkovsky. 1914. ISBN 5-94030-052-9.
  2. ^ The Fundamental Electronic Library "Russian Literature and Folklore"


External links

Preceded by
Evgeny Feoktistov
Ministry of Education Magazine Editor
Succeeded by
Vasily Vasilievsky
Preceded by
Yakov Grot
Vice President, Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences
Succeeded by
Victor Rosen
Preceded by
Athanasius Bychkov
Chairman of the Archaeographic Commission
Succeeded by
Sergey Sheremetev
This page was last edited on 5 June 2021, at 07:37
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